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Do Not Take From This Room 

Ashland Theological Library 
Ashland, Ohio 

Digitized by tine Internet Archive 

in 2011 witii funding from 

LYRASIS members and Sloan Foundation 



VOLUME 110 - 1988 

Prepared by- 
Bradley E. Weidenhairer 
Ashland Tneological Seminary 


Allison, Richard E. 

What Is the Role of the Laity? 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 7-8. 

Baker, David W. 

Keeping My Brother: Social Responsibility and the Old Testament. 
110:5, May 1988, p. 4-5. 

Beekley, Ch.arles G. 

What Is Christian Education in The Brethren Church? 110:11, De- 
cember 1988, p. 12-14. 

Black, Shirley 

Firsthand Look at Brethren Missions, A. 110:4, April 1988, 
p. 6-7, 9. 

Bohrer , Cami 

Alberta Holsinger: a Life of Teaching in Public Education and 
Church. 110:11, December 1988, p. 18-19. 

Bristol, Doris 

New Life for Older Marriages. 110:6, June 1988, p. 6-7. 

Burkey, Frederick T. 

Giving in Absentia. 110:3, March 1988, p. 5, 7. 

Cooksey , Carolyn 

Women in Ministry. 110:11, December 1988, p. 5-7. 

Davies, Loira G. 

Holding the Ropes. 110:3, March 1988, p. 6-7. 

Flora, Jerry R. 

Brethren Church: Witness and Servant in Society, The. 110:7, 
July/Ausu3t 1988, p. 4-6. 

Geaslen, Gene A. 

Evaluating and Fine-Tuning Your Partnership in Ministry. 110:5, 
May 1988, p. 9. 

Planning and Implementing Your Partnership in Ministry. 110:3, 
March 1988, p. 9. 

Hague, Barbara J. 

Your Testimony: to Russia With Love. 110:2, February 1988, p. 10-11. 

Harvey, James D. 

Many Ways of Giving, The. 110:9, October 1988, p. 14-15. 

Hurd, G. Emery 

Torn Curtain, The. 110:4, April 1988, p. 4-5. 

Johnson, Clare Torrey 

Spirit-Directed Ingenuity. 110:1, January 1988, p. 8. 

Jones , Steve 

Rev. Arthur Tinkel: a Love for the Lord and a Love for Books. 
110:1 January 1988, p. 15-16. 

Kemer, David 

First Day on the Mission Field. 110:2, February 1988, p. 4-6. 
Letter of Thanks From the Kemers, A. 110:3, March 1988, p. 

Kemer, William H. 

Three Essentials of the Lordship of Christ. 110:9, October 
1988, p. 4-6. 

Kumar, K. Prasanth 

Visible Accomplishments in India. 110:3, March 1988, p. 12. 

Lersch, Phil 

Nonviolence - From Those Who Know. 110; 1, January 1988, p. 10. 
Peace and the Workplace. 110:3, March 1988, p. 15-16. 

Loi , David 

Major Events in 1987 in Malaysia. 110:3, March 1988, p. 13. 

Maust , John 

Changing Citizenship. 110:5, May 1988, p. 2. 
Missions Confusion. 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 2. 
Playing Missions. 110:11, December 1988, p. 2. 
Reaching Out to Foreigners. 110:3, March 1988, p. 2. 
Worthy Example, A. 110:9, October 1988, p. 2. 
Zeal of the Cultists, The. 110:1, January 1988, p. 2. 

Millat, Winifred M. 

Little Whiles of Life, The. 110:1, January 1988, p. 7. 

Schoenhals, G. Roger 

Five Ti-iings to Forget. 110:5, May 1988, p. 6-7. 

Shifflett, Alvin 

Grace of Self -Mastery , The. 110:6, June 1988, p. 2. 
Many Called; Few Chosen. 110:4, April 1988, p. 2. 
Needed: New Management. 1110:2, February 1988, p. 2. 
Portraying Christ to the World. 110:10, November 1988, p. 2. 

Shultz, Joseph R. 

Strategic Planning Toward the Year 2000. 110:9, October 1988, 
p. 12-13. 

Smith, Reilly . - . . -. 

How to Develop a Church Budget. 110:9, October 1988, p. 8-9, 11. 

Solomon , Leroy 

Call to Christian Service, The. 110:11, December 1988, p. 8-10. 

Solonion , Tim 

First Impressions of Colombia. 110:9, October 1988, p. 6-7. 

Stafford, Robert 

Pastoral Support - the Real Problem. 110:8, September 1988, p. 2. 

Steiner, David P. 

Toward an Interdependent Tomorrow. 110:9, October 1988, p. 15. 

Stoffer, Dale R. 

Brethren Church: One Generation From Extinction, The. 110:3 
March 1988, p. 8-9. 

Bringing New People Into the Family. 110:1, January 1988, p. 9, 14. 

Demythologizing the Brethren Church. 110:5, May 1988, p. 8-9. 

Does The Brethren Church Need New Churches? 110:4, April 1988, 
p. 8-9. 

Harvest Is Plentiful But the Workers Are Few, The. 110:2, February 
1988, p. 8-9. 

Thoughts on General Conference. 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 11. 

Turning Challenges Into Blessings and Opportunities at Smoky Row. 
110:10, November 1988, p. 12-13. 

We Are Carrying on a Great Work. 110:8, September 1988, p. 4-7. 

What Is Brethren Church Polity? 110:6, June 1988, p. 8-9. 

Working Together Through the Growth Partners Club. 11:10, 
November 1988, p. 15. 

Stogsdill, Clarence A. 

Peace on Earth. 110:11, December 1988, p. 15. 

Sullivan, Kenneth L. 

Jesus Is Lord. 110:9, October 1988, p. 10-11; 110:10, November 
1988, p. 10; 110:11, December 1988, p. 11. 

Troup, Jean M. 

Helping the Homeless. 110:1, January 1988, p. 4-6. 

Van Klompenburg, Carol 

Testifying to Grace. 110:3, March 1988, p. 4-5. 

Weidenhamer, Erica 

Adoption as an Option. 110:10, November 1988, p. 4-5. 

Weidenhamer, Jeffrey D. 

But What Would Jesus Do? 110:7, July/Ausust 1988, p. 10. 
Walking in Peace. 110:5, May 1988, p. 14. 

Westfall, Robert 

Sutmitting to the Authority of the Bible. 110:10, Noveinber 
1988, p. 6-9. 

I^'hi tman , Andy 

Hov,- Shall We Use Our tithes? 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 9. 

Winfield, Richard C. 

Why in a Manger? 110:11, December 1988, p. 4. 

Winter, William 

Mission Outreach Into Paraguay. 110:3, March 1988, p. 14. 



Adoption as an Option. Erica Weidenhamer. 110:10, November 
1988,' p. 4-5. 


Many Ways of Giving, The. James D. Harvey. 110:9, October 1988, 
p. 14-15. 

Park St. Member Faith Greene Gives Copy of Rare Bible to College. 
110:5, May 1988, p. 16. 

Strategic Planning Toward the Year 2000. Joseph R. Shultz. 
October 1988, p. 12-13. 

Ten Brethren Students Receive Degrees at Ashland College's 
Commencement. 110:6, June 1988, p. 20. 

Toward an Interdependent Tomorrow. David P. Steiner. 110:9, 
October 1988, p. 15. 


Dr. Kenneth Walther Named Dean. 110:5, May 1988, p. 15. 
Partnership in Excellence. 110:1, January 1988, p. 11. 
Spotlight on ATS Students. 110:1, January 1988, p. 12-14. 


In Memory. 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 22. 

bent:\'olent board 

Benevolent Board: Ready to Turn Some Corners. Glenn Shank. 
110:2, Februj.ry 1988, p. 12. 

Benevolent Board Stewardship. 110:2, February 1988, p. 15. 


David Benshoff. 110:1, January 1988, p. 13-14. 


Submitting to the Authority of the Bible. Robert Westfall. 
110:10, November 1988, p. 6-9. 


Keeping My Brother: Social Responsibility and the Old Testament 
David W. Baker. 110:5, May 1988, p. 4-5. 


BCE Names Helen McAfoose Christian Educator of year. 110:11, 
December 1988, p. 17. 

Charles Beekley Resigns. 110:11, Decem^^er' 1988, p. ' 17. 


Brethren Care: a Look Back at 1987. Darrel Barnes. 110:2, 
February 1988, p. 12-13. 

bpj:thren cmjRCH 

Brethren Church: One Generation From Extinction, The. Dale R. 
Stoffer. 110:3, March 1988, p. 8-9. 

Brethren Church: Witness and Servant in Society, The. Jerry R. 
Flora. 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 4. 

Demythologizing the Brethren Church. Dale R. Stoffer. 110:5, 
May 1988, p. 8-9. 

Does The Brethren Church Need New Churches? Dale R. Stoffer. 
110:4, April 1988, p. 8-9. 


Pastoral Support - the Real Problem. Robert Stafford. 110:8, 
September 1988, p. 2. 

Why Do Pastors Leave The Brethren Church? 110:5, June 1988, p. 4-6. 


Bringing New People Into the Family. Dale R. Stoffer. 110:1, 
January 1988, p. 9, 14. 


Ye Are My Witnesses. .. Is Theme of Florida District Conference. 
110:4, April 1988, p. 16. 


"Laborers Together" Is Both Theme and Spirit of Indiana Conference. 
110:7, July/August 1988, p. 17. 


N. California District Meets for Business and Inspiration. 
110:6, June 1988, p. 18. 


S. E. District Conference Convenes in Waterbrook Church Facility. 
110:6, June 1988, p. 17. 

Southeastern District to Start New Church in Frederick, MD. 
110:1, January 1988, p. 17. 

"Women in Ministry" Is Theme of Southeastern District Conference. 
110:10, November 1988, p. 20. 


General Conference Preview. 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 12-15. 

General Conference Report. 110:8, September 1988, p. 7-15. 

General Conference to Feature Messages by Six Brethren Elders. 
110:3, March 1988, p. 17. 

Jesus Is Lord. Kenneth L. Sullivan. 110:9, October 1988, p. 10-11; 
110:10, November 1988, p. 10; 110:11, December 1988, p. 11. 

Moderator's Progress Report on Reorganizing Boards Into Ministries. 
110:10, November 1988, p. 11. 

Proposal on Changing Boards to Ministries. 110:6, June 1988, p. 13-14. 

Thoughts on General Conference. Dale R. Stoffer. 110:7, July/ 
August 1988, p. 11. 

We Are Carrying on a Great Work. Dale R. Stoffer. 110:8, 
September 1988, p. 4-7. 


Concept of Membership in The Brethren Church, The. 110:6, June 
1988, p. 10-12. 


Harvest Is Plentiful But the Workers Are Few, The. Dale R. 
Stoffer. 110:2, February 1988, p. 8-9. 


What Is Brethren Polity? Dale R. Stoffer. 110:6, June 1988, p. 8-9. 


Giving in Absentia. Frederick T. Burkey. 110:3, March 1988, p. 5, 7. 


Focusing on Our Awesome God. 110:8, September 1988, p. 15. 


Brethren's Home: Why a Not-for-Prof it Corporation, The. Gene 
Geaslen. 110:2, February 1988, p. 14-15. 

Why I Chose the Brethren's Home. Nancy Doud. 110:2, Feburary 
1988, p. 13-14. 


Mark Britton Ordained an Elder June 5 at Bryan First Brethren. 
110:8, September 1988, p. 18. 


In Memory. 110:11, December 1988, p. 22. 


What Is Qiristian Education in The Brethren Church? Giarles 
Beekley. 110:11, December 1988, p. 12-14. 


Three Essentials of the Lordship of Christ. VJilliam Kerner. 
110:9, October 1988, p. 4-6. 


Peace on Earth. Clarence Stogsdill. 110:11, December 1988, p. 15. 
Why in a Manger? Richard Winfield. 110:11, December 1988, p. 4. 


Checklist for Church Safety. 110:2, February 1988, p. 7. 


Hov; to Develop a Cliurch Budget. Reilly R. Smith. 110:9, October 
1988, p. 8-9, 11. 


Milledgeville, IL. 110:9, October 1988, p. 19. 
Waterloo, lA. 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 19. 


La Iglesia Hispana de Los Hermanos, Sarasota. 110:2, February 
1988, p. 20. 


Ardmore, South Bend. 110:2, February 1988, p. 17. 

Ardmore, South Bend. 110:10, November 1988, p. 17. 

Bryan, OH 110:2, February 1988, p. 20. 

Bryan, OH. 110; 3, March 1988, p. 16. 

Bryan, OH. 110:6, June 1988, p. 19. 

Carmel. 110:11, December 1988, p. 16. 

College Comer. 110:8, September 1988, p. 21. 

College Corner. 110:9, October 1988, p. 20. 

Corinth, Twelve Mile. 110:6, June 1988, p. 17. 

Goshen. 110:11, December 1988, p. 20. 

Flora. 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 17. 

Jefferson. 110:4, April 1988, p. 17. 

Loree. 110:8, September 1988, p. 17. 

Milford. 110:8, September 1988, p. 17. 

Milford. 110:9, October 1988, p. 21. 

Nappanee. 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 18. 

North Manchester. 110:6, June 1988, p. 16. 

North Manchester. 110:7, July/Aug-ust 1988, p. 21. 

North Liberty. 110:8, September 1988, p. 17. 

Peru. 110:3, March 1988, p. 17. 

Wabash. 110:11, December 1988, p. 17. 


Cheyenne, WY. 110:4, April 1988, p. 17. 
Cheyenne, WY. 110:6, June 1988, p. 20. 
Cheyenne, WY. 110:7, July/Augiist 1988, p. 21. 

Lathrop. 110:6, June 1988, p. 18. 


Hillcrest, Dayton. 110:1, January 1988, p. 18. 
Hillcrest, Dayton. 110:4, April 1988, p. 16. 
Hillcrest, Dayton. 110:9, October 1988, p. 19. 
Hillcrest, Dayton. 110:10, November 1988, p. 19-20. 
New Lebanon. 110:6, June 1988, p. 16. 
Newark. 110:9, October 1988, p. 17. 
Newark. 110:10, November 1988, p. 14-15. 
Newark. 110:11, December 1988, p. 19. 
North Georgetown. 110:10, November 1988, p. 18-19. 
Smoky Row, Columbus. 110:10, November 1988, p. 12-13. 
West Alexandria. 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 20. 
Park St., Ashland. 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 20. 

Berlin. 110:6, June 1988, p. 21. 
Johnstown III. 110:11, December 1988, p. 20. 
Masontown. 110:8, September 1988, p. 21. 
Masontown. 110:10, November 1988, p. 21. ... 
Pittsburgh. 110:11, December 1988, p. 19. 
Pleasant View, Vangergrift. 110:2, February 1988, p. 16. 
Raysto\m. 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 20. 
Wayne Heights, Wa}Tiesboro. 110:2, February 1988, p. 20. 
Wayne Heights, Waynesboro. 110:6, June 1988, p. 19. 


Bethlehem, VA. 110:1, January 1988, p. 16. 

Icard, NC. 110:10, November 1988, p. 14. 

Linwood, MD. 110:5, May 1988, p. 15. 

Linwood, MD. 110:9, October 1988, p. 17. 

Maurerto^m, VA. 110:5, May 1988, p. 16. 

Mount Olive, VA. 110:1, January 1988, p. 16, 17. 

Mount Olive, VA. 110:8, September 1988, p. 19. 

Mount Olive, VA. 110:10, November 1988, p. 21. 

Oak Hill, WV. 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 17. 

Oak Hill, WV. 110:11, December 1988, p. 20. 

Waterbrook, Maurertown, VA. 110:10, November 1988, p. 16. 


Carolyn Cooksey. 110:1, January 1988, p. 12. 


Darrell L. Crissman. 110:1, January 1988, p. 20. 


Rev. Duane Dickson Honored for 25 Years in Pastoral Ministry. 
110:1, January 1988, p. 16. 


Miss Adah Drushal Honored for Many Years of Service. 110:8, 
September 1988, p. 20. 


Tim Eagle. 110:1, January 1988, p. 14. 


Tom Curtain, The, G. Emery Hurd. 110:4, April 1988, p. 4-5. 


Spirit-Directed Ingenuity. Clare Torry Johnson. 110:1, January 
1988, p. 8. 


David E. Graetz. 110:1, January 1988, p. 20. 


Dr. J. D. Hainel Honored at Retirement Reception. 110:7, July/ 
August 1988, p. 16. 


Alberta Holsinger: a Life of Teaching in Public Education and Church. 
110:11, December 1988, p. 18-19. 


Bryan G. Karchner Joins Staff of Jefferson Brethren Church. 
110:4, April 1988, p. 17. 


Donald Kelly. 110:1, January 1988, p. 13. 


Evaluating and Fine-tuning Your Partnership in Ministry. Gene 
A. Geaslen. 110:5, May 1988, p. 9. 

Planning and Implementing Your Partnership in Ministry. Gene A. 
Geaslen. 110:3, March 1988, p. 9. 

What Is the Role of the Laity? Richard E. Allison. 110:7, July/ 
August 1988, p. 7-8. 


Kenneth J. Madison. 110:1, January 1988, p. 20, 19. 
Rev. Kenneth Madison Recognized as Chaplain in the U. S. Military. 
110:6, June 1988, p. 21. 


New Life for Older Marriages. Doris Bristol. 110:6, June 1988, 
p. 6-7. 


Firsthand Look at Brethren Missions, A. Shirley Black. 110:4, 
April 1988, p. 6-7, 9. 

Missions Confusion. John Maust. 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 2. 
Playing at Missions. John Maust. 110:11, December 1988, p. 2. 


First Days on the Mission Field. David Kerner. 110:2, Febraary 
1988, p. 4-6. 

First Impressions of Colombia. Tim and Jan Solomon. 110:9, 
October 1988, p. 6-7. 

Letter of Thanks From the Kerners, A. 110:3, March 1988, p. 10-11. 


Home Missions... a Continuous Change! James R. Black. 110:10, November 
1988, p. 12. 

Working Together Through the Gro\s^h Partners Club. Dale R. Stoffer. 
110:10, November 1988, p. 15. 


Visible Accomplishments in India. K. Prasanth Kumar. 110:3, 
March 1988, p. 12. 


Major Events in 1987 in Malaysia. David Loi. lliD:3, I»Iarch 1988, p. 13. 



Mission Outreach Into Paraguay. William Winter. 110:3, March 
1988, p. 14. 


Planning and Implementing Yoiir Partnership in Ministry. Gene A. 
Geaslen. 110:3, March 1988, p. 9. 


Nonviolence - From Those Who Know. Phil Lersch. 110:1, January 
1988, p. 10, 14. 


Bates, Henry. 110:7, July/August 1988, p. 22. 
Carpenter, Dorothy. 110:11, December 1988, p. 22. 
Dodds, Edna. 110:6, June 1988, p. 22. 
Keck, Aleda C. 110:8, September 1988, p. 22. 
Ronk, Helen. 110:8, September 1988, p. 22. 
Ruiz, Cirilo. 110:10, November 1988, p. 22. 
Solomon, Jeannette R. 110:2, February 1988, p. 9. 
Yoder, Robert Eli. 110:8, September 1988, p. 22. 


David S. Oligee Ordained June 5 to Eldership in Brehtren Church. 
110:7, July/August 1988, p. 19. 


Britton, Mark A. 110:8, September 1988, p. 18. 
Crissman, Darrell L. 110:1, January 1988, p. 20. 

Graetz, David E. 110:1, January 1988, p. 20. 

Madison, Kenneth J. 110:1, January 1988, p. 20, 18. 

Oligee, David S. 110:7, July/Aug-ust 1988, p. 19. 

Shirman, William J. 110:9, October 1988, p. 19. 

Stone, David L. 110:8, September 1988, p. 20. 


But What Would Jesus Do? Jeff Weidenhamer. 110:7, July/August 
1988, p. 10. 

Peace and the Workplace. Phil Lersch. 110:3, March 1988, p. 15-16. 
Walking in Peace. Jeff Weidenhamer. 110:5, May 1988, p. 14. 


Carl Mark Phillips Begins Pastorate at North Liberty. 110:8, 
September 1988, p. 17. 


Helpinq the Homeless. Jean M. Troup. 110:1, January 1988, 
p. 4-6. 


Navy Chaplain Tom Schultz to Retire From Active Duty. 110:6, 
June 1988, p. 17. 


William Shipman Ordained as Elder August 14 at Milledgeville 
Church. 110:9, October 1988, p. 19. 



In Living Tribute to Jeanette R. Solomon. 110:2, February 1988, 
p. 9. 

STONE, DAVID L. , . - 

David L. Stone Ordained an Elder June 25 at Roann First Brethren. 
110:8, September 1988, p. 20. 


Rev. Arthur Tinkel: a Love for the Lord and a Love for Books. 
Steve Jones. 110:1, January 1988, p. 15-16. 


Women in Ministry. Carolyn Cooksey. 110:11, December 1988, p. 5. 


Brethren World Relief .. .Church Responses. 110:4, April 1988, p. 10. 
Brethren World Relief .. .Domestic Disaster/Child Care. 110:4, 
April 1988, p. 11, 14. 

Brethren World Relief .. .Update From Touching. 110:4, April 
1988, p. 12-14. 


See pages 4-6. 

Developing a Global Vision 

The Zeal of the Cultists 

LAST November, nearly 3,000 
persons from more than 20 coun- 
tries met in Brazil to plan and pray 
how to make Latin America a mis- 
sionary-sending base. J, 

The idea that Latin America 
might send, not just receive, mis- 
sionaries was an exciting one. 
And all of us came away from the 
COMIBAM Congress with fresh en- 
thusiasm and vision. 

Other "witnesses" 

Within a matter of hours, how- 
ever, I would be reminded that 
evangelical Christians are not the 
only ones in the business of sending 
out "witnesses." 

From the congress in Brazil, I flew 
to Uruguay. The first person I met 
on the streets of Montevideo was a 
personable young Peruvian who 
turned out to be a Hare Krishna de- 
votee. Cesar was on a "missionary 
journey" from Peru to Argentina to 
Uruguay to Brazil to Bolivia and 
back home again. He was distribut- 
ing literature, and we talked a mo- 
ment. "I used to attend an evangeli- 
cal church, but I didn't find the love 
of God there," he said. 

Maybe he'd had a bad experience 
with the people or the church, but 
God did love him, I said. 

He seemed interested, but it was 
obvious that only a miracle of God 
would take this committed Hare 
Krishna out of his sect and bring 
him to a saving encounter with 
Jesus Christ. 

Only a day later, I had a long con- 
versation with a man from the U.S. 
He heads the Uruguayan work of 

Sun Myung Moon's Unification 
Church. Popularly known as the 
"Moonies," this group has only about 
50 followers in Montevideo. Never- 
theless, Moon's money had bought 
the group a bank, a daily news- 
paper, a printer, and Montevideo's 
largest hotel. 

Like Cesar the Hare Krishna, this 
U.S. "missionary" was sincere and 
committed to his cause. He said that 
he had sent an evangelical-sounding 
letter to every pastor in Montevideo 
asking for a chance to meet with 
him personally. I wondered how 
many of those pastors know that the 
Unification Church does not believe 
that Christ is fully God, and that it 
looks to another Messiah (most prob- 
ably Moon) to finish on earth what 
they believe Christ left undone. 

Leaving Uruguay, I arrived in 
Paraguay, where I saw more of those 
new, tastefully-designed Morman 
church buildings. Fair-haired Mor- 
man missionaries from the U.S. had 
been very much in evidence in 
Brazil and Uruguay — traveling by 
bike and building relationships from 
house to house. 

The spillover point 

By the time I reached Peru, my 
cumulative reaction to the work of 
these non-biblical religious groups 
must have reached the spillover 
point. When a couple of middle-aged 
Jehovah's Witnesses came to the 
door, I reacted a bit differently than 
on previous occasions. 

Usually I don't debate with 
Jehovah's Witnesses — perferring a 
polite "No, thank you" rather than a 

long no-win encounter. But I was 
tired of listening to sincere people 
far from biblical truth, so I launched 
into my own little presentation — 
showing the Witnesses in their own 
Bible (an unfaithful rendering of the 
original texts) where God says that 
salvation is by faith in Christ and 
that, yes, you can know that you're 
saved and going to heaven. 

They left then, a bit disoriented 
after this detour from their normal 
talk. And I prayed that God would 
lead them to the truth and that they 
would accept what I had said and 
read to them "not as the word of 
men, but as it actually is, the word 
of God" (I Thess. 2:13, NTV). 

Now back in Florida, as I reflect 
on these episodes, I am amazed by 
the determination and hard work of 
the false sects and cults. Members 
are apparently sold on their belief 

I am saddened as I remember 
what the Apostle Paul said about 
the Jews: "They are zealous for God, 
but their zeal is not based on knowl- 

At the same time, I am perturbed 
that many of these propagators of 
non-biblical doctrine are deceiving 
new Christians and also winning 
new converts. Obviously, these "mis- 
sionaries" are highly motivated. 

What about us? 

So what about us, we evangelical 
Christians? If anyone, we are the 
ones who ought to be enthusiastic 
and motivated, because we do have 
the Truth in the person of Jesus 
Christ as Savior and Lord. 

Of course, we have no grounds to 
feel self-righteous or better than the 
cultists. We have received salvation 
as a gift, not because of anything we 
might or might not have done. 

It certainly is sad to see someone 
having zeal without knowledge. But 
for us evangelical Christians, is it 
not equally dismaying if we have 
knowledge without zeal? 

"Never be lacking zeal, but keep 
your spiritual fervor, serving the 
Lord," Paul told the Roman Church. 

I know that I need more of that 
zeal. A spiritual battle is being 
fought out there — ft-om Montevideo 
to Ashland, Ohio -^ and it will take 
all of us to see that more people hear 
that the final victory lies only in 
Jesus. [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

January 1988 
Volume 110, Number 1 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


Morven Baker 


Phil Lersch 

John Maust 

Alvin Shifflett 

Children's Page 

Alberta Holsinger 

Editorial and 

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Helping the Homeless by Jean M. Troup 
Homelessness is not a problem that Brethren have the 
option to ignore. 

The Little Whiles of Life by Winifred M. Millat 
Thoughts on how v^e can use w^isely the interludes 
of life. 

Spirit-Directed Ingenuity by Clare Torrey Johnson 
Planning successful family devotions in our hectic world 
requires an openness to the Spirit and a willingness to try 
new approaches. 

Ministry Pages: Ashland Theological Seminary 

Partnership in Excellence 11 

Spotlight on ATS Students: Carolyn Cooksey, Donald Kelly, 12 
David Benshoff, and Tim Eagle 


Developing a Global Vision 

by John Maust 


Let Us Be Brethren 

by Moderator Dale R. Staffer 

Peace Points of View 

by Phil Lersch 




From the Grape Vine 

Little Crusader Page 

by Alberta Holsinger 


New employees: 

Two employees, hired recently by the Brethren Publishing Company, are 
playing important roles in the production and distribution of the Evangelist. 
Mrs. Morven Baker is serving as assistant to the editor and has particular 
responsibilities for the "Update" section of the Evangelist, in addition to car- 
ing for accounts receivable and payroll for the Publishing Company. She is no 
stranger to many Brethren, having served for the past year as secretary for 
The Brethren Church National Office. She is the wife of ATS professor David 
Baker and mother of two elementary-age children. Mrs. Mary Ann Sloan is 
primarily responsible for maintaining the address list and for addressing and 
mailing the Evangelist, but she also proofreads and helps with subscription 
renewals. She and her husband, David, have four teenage daughters. 
Answers to Little Crusader Page: 

A. 1. c, g; 2. a, j; 3. d, h; 4. e, i; 5. b, f 

B. You should have colored the sheep and the coin gray; the seeds 
yellow; the lamp red; and the candle and the tree brown. 

C. 1. sower; 2. Virgins; 3. shepherd; 4. thieves; 5. Samaritan. 

January 1988 

Who are the homeless? In many cases they are children, like these who have 
found a temporary home at the Greentree Shelter in Bethesda, Maryland. 

Helping the Homeless 

1987 was the "International Year 
of Shelter for the Homeless."* 
Well, that's interesting, but what 
does it really have to do with Breth- 
ren? After all, most of our churches 
are small rural or suburban congre- 
gations, and we really can't do much 
for persons who live on heating 
grates in the city, right? Wrong! 

Responsibilities of a neighbor 

Homelessness is not a problem 
only of large cities, nor is it a prob- 
lem that Christians (or Brethren) 
have the option to ignore. We al- 
ready know what God requires of us: 
to live justly, love one another, and 
walk humbly with God. We cannot 
say, "Be warm and of good cheer," 
while ignoring our neighbors' needs. 
Jesus does not give us that option. 
He has already defined for us who 

*Designated so by the General Assembly 
of the United Nations. In addition to desig- 
nating 1987 as the International Year of 
Shelter for the Homeless, the UN General 
Assembly urged governments worldwide to 
adopt plans by the end of 1987 that would 
enable all the poor and disadvantaged of 
the world to obtain a home by the year 
2000. Thus, even though the International 
Year of Shelter for the Homeless is over, 
the task of helping the homeless obtain 
shelter, in which Christians (and Brethren) 
have a God-given obligation to take part, 
has only begun. 

By Jean M. Troup 

our neighbor is and what we must 
do to be neighborly (i.e., act justly) 
in the story of the Grood Samaritan 
(see Luke 10:25flD. 

In "Room for Christ," Dorothy Day 
put it this way, "It is no use saying 
that we are born two thousand years 
too late to give room to Christ. Giv- 
ing shelter or food to anyone who 
asks for it, or needs it, is giving it to 
Christ. . . ." 

When people learn that I am the 
director of a shelter for homeless 
women and children, they invari- 
ably ask me the same questions: 
"Who are the homeless? Are they 
runaway youth? Are they alcoholics 
and drug addicts? Are they people 
who just hit upon hard financial 
times? Are they the deinstitu- 
tionalized mentally ill and mentally 
retarded? Are they low-income eld- 
erly who can't keep pace with rising 
rents? Young adults who outgrew 
foster placement?" 

The answer is, "Yes, all of the 
above, and more." The homeless are 
a diverse population, but what they 
have in common is that they are 
people with nowhere to go. Let me 
emphasize that: Whatever the 
reason for their homelessness, they 
are people with nowhere to go. 

We have already taken the 

dangerous step of turning "home- 
less" into a noun instead of an adjec- 
tive. We must not forget that we are 
talking about individuals. So our re- 
sponse must be modeled after Jesus' 
response, who, when He saw the 
multitudes, still saw individuals and 
was moved with compassion for 
their plight. 

This response is costly. It means 
you cannot conclude that homeless- 
ness is too complex to understand or 
to fix, so therefore, you have no obli- 
gation to address it. It means you 
cannot jump to some expedient in- 
operative solution, which does little 
more than anesthesize your con- 

It means you must look at indi- 

Ms. Troup is director of Greentree 
Shelter in Bethesda, Md., a home for the 
homeless operated by the Baptist Home 
for Children. She is a member of the 
Meadow Crest Brethren Church of Fort 
Wayne, Ind., and a 1985 graduate of 
Ashland Theological Seminary, from 
which she received a master of arts de- 
gree in pastoral psychology and counsel- 
ing. While attending ATS, she worked as 
secretary to the editor of The Brethren 

This article was written at the request 
of the Social Concerns Committee of Gen- 
eral Conference. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

viduals who are hurting and feel 
compassion without pity. Pity 
doesn't hurt as much as compassion, 
because you keep yourself at a safe, 
elevated position. But compassion 
requires identification, and that's 

It means I must admit that my 
salary is not guaranteed to stay 
ahead of rising rents. It means that 
if conditions were different, my 
grandmother might be homeless. It 
might mean realizing that your fac- 
tory could close, too, or that the fam- 
ily farm may not always be the fam- 
ily farm. It means realizing that 
"the homeless" are not all that dif- 
ferent from you or your neighbors. 

Meet your neighbors: 
First day in shelter 

I didn't make eye contact with 
Sandra more than three times in the 
whole hour it took us to complete 
the intake interview. She felt so 

Sandra was a poorly-paid school 
teacher — a quiet, proud woman 
who was capably raising a three- 
year-old daughter. Although it 
wasn't easy to make ends meet on 
her limited income, Sandra had 
carefully calculated a precise budget 
to meet her expenses in the summer 
until she would begin receiving a 
salary again in the fall. But some- 
thing happened that Sandra had not 

Since opening in 1983, Greentree Shel- 
ter has provided more than 50,000 bed 
nights of service to homeless women and 

foreseen. She became ill and re- 
quired surgery not covered by her 
insurance. Two months behind in 
her rent, she was evicted and thus 
found herself where she never 
thought she would — in a shelter. 

Usually a cheery, vivacious young 
woman, Liz was reeling under the 
shock of what had just happened to 
her. She kept repeating that she just 
wanted her mother to be proud of 

When Liz was sixteen, she 
thought she was in love. It was only 
after she delivered his baby and he 
disappeared that she realized her 
plans for their future were not going 
to materialize. Her mother had been 
heartbroken, and it took years to re- 
store their relationship. 

Now, three years later, Liz was 
really getting her life together. She 
had completed her G.E.D., entered a 
job training program, and was shar- 
ing an apartment with her daughter 
and a childhood girlfriend. Things 
were going so well, in fact, that Liz 
invited her mother for a visit. 

Then, one day, the marshals came 
while Liz was at school. They asked 
her mother and daughter to step 
outside. The movers piled the furni- 
ture on the lawn and the marshals 
padlocked the door. Liz's roommate 
had betrayed her, pocketing Liz's 
half of the rent and hiding the evic- 
tion notices. 

"Where did you last live?" 


"Arizona! How did you get to 
Washington, D.C.?" 

Two years ago, Gail moved from 
Texas to Arizona to flee a battering 
husband. When she found out he 
had tracked her down, she walked 
off her job and, without going back 
to her apartment, drove straight to 
the airport. She counted her money 
and bought a ticket to fly as far as 
her money could take her. She came 
to the shelter with ten dollars left 
and the clothes on her back. 

The neighborhood children 

The Washington Post Magazine 
ran an article on November 1 about 
Jim Hubbard, a former White House 
photographer who gave up his gov- 
ernment job to take pictures of the 
homeless. The pictures in the article 
might surprise you. Yes, there is one 

"Almost 40 percent of the poor in 
America are children and one child in 
five is homeless." This child has found a 
temporary home at Greentree Shelter. 

picture of a man sleeping on a grate, 
but the rest are pictures of children. 

You see, every one of the women I 
just introduced to you is a mother. 
They entered the shelter not just out 
of concern for themselves, but for 
their children. It shocks most people 
to learn that the fastest-growing 
segment among the homeless popu- 
lation is families and that homeless 
children may soon outnumber home- 
less adults! 

Almost 40 percent of the poor in 
America are children and one child 
in five is homeless. Traveler's Aid 
did a study this year in which they 
found that 21 percent of the home- 
less children spent the night previ- 
ous to entering a shelter out-of- 
doors in a vehicle or in a bus or train 
station. David Dederman, the Execu- 
tive Director of Child Welfare 
League of America, concluded, "The 
study supports what many of us 
have felt for some time — homeless- 
ness is a children's problem." 

Children need predictability and 
stability in their lives. Homeless- 
ness robs them of both. Think of the 
impact of these statements. What 
does it mean that the children of 
this nation should be sleeping in our 
bus stations because there is no 
room in the shelters and no apart- 
(continued on next page) 

January 1988 

ments that their parents can afford? 
Is it just to allow children to worry 
about where they will spend the 
night? Is it just to imprison them in 
rat-infested welfare hotels, where 
they expend their energy on survi- 
val and learn that homeless children 
are to be forgotten — neither seen 
nor heard? Is it even just to let them 
live in good shelters, where, though 
their needs are met, they are still 
known as "the shelter kids" and 
they still live in transition? "This is 
a dehumanizing way for anyone to 
live. It is devastating for children."* 

Cleaning up the neighborhood 

It is said that the homeless are 
the lepers of modern society. I think 
of that often when I watch people 
step around homeless people sorting 
through the garbage or sleeping on 
the sidewalk. Yes, perhaps they are 
the "unclean" lepers whom everyone 
is afraid to touch or recognize. 

But if that is true, and if we are to 
bring Christ to people, should we not 
be touching their sores and binding 
up their wounds? What would Christ 
do? Would he only let the children 
come unto Him (and then only after 
they had bathed and cleaned up 
after spending the night in the 
bus station)? Or would He let the 
homeless woman who was sorting 
through the garbage also come? 

If we are to successfully address 
the problem of the homeless, we 
must address our problem with the 
homeless. Why are we only good 
neighbors to the people who live in 
the house next door? Don't the pub- 
licans do as much? Hasn't Christ 

*Marjorie Hope and James Young, "Shel- 
ters: The New Poorhouse?" The Evening 
Sun, April 2, 1987, p. A13. 

called us to a higher calling? To a 
broader definition of "neighbor"? Is 
our attitude the same as God's, who 
defends, loves, and blesses the poor? 
Or is it more like that expressed in 
this poem? 

If wishes were horses, 

Beggars would ride. 
And rich and poor in peace 

would abide. 
If only the poor would smell 

sweet and be neat 
And clean up the street 
And talk nice and polite 
And not publicly fight 
And have college degrees 
And station wagon keys 
And interesting jobs that were 

also secure 
— Or else kept out of sight and 

learned to endure — 
There'd be nothing wrong with their 

just being poor.** 
The International Year of Shelter 
for the Homeless may have been just 
another year with a slogan. An ex- 
cuse to print posters, wear lapel but- 
tons, and write magazine articles. If 
so, then the future is predictable. A 
recent study estimates there will be 
18.7 million homeless persons by the 
year 2003. # Presently, there are 
2-3 million homeless, only half of 
whom are sheltered. 

On the other hand, perhaps this 
past year of focusing on the home- 
less will bring about change. If so, it 
will be because people of God came 
out from behind the stained glass to 
bring Christ's healing to the physi- 
cal, emotional, and spiritual needs of 

**Poem by Eve Merriam in The Inner City 
Mother Goose (Simon and Schuster, 1969). 

#Mary Jordan, "18 Million Homeless 
Seen by 2003," The Washington Post, 
June 3, 1987. 

the homeless. It will be because we 
have learned by His power to act 
justly, love mercifully, and walk 
humbly with Him. 

May this be the year we learn to 
be a neighbor to all. 

Jesus asked which one acted like a 
neighbor. The teacher of the law 
answered, "The one who was kind to 
him." Jesus replied, "You go, then, 
and do the same" (Luke 10:37). [t] 

A Resource 
On Homelessness 

Brethren House Ministries has pro- 
duced a 20-page booklet on the subject 
of homelessness for use in Sunday 
school classes, youth groups, vacation 
Bible school, or school classrooms. 

Aimed at teens and pre-teens, the 
booklet — Homelessness: Activities 
About People Who Are Homeless — 
contains a variety of activities dealing 
with such topics as What is homeless- 
ness? Who are the homeless? Why are 
people homeless? and What can we 
do? An 8-page teacher's guide is also 
available containing directions, addi- 
tional information, and supplemental 

Single copies may be secured by 
sending $2.75 (plus $1.25 for postage 
and handling) for the student book and 
$1 .00 for the teacher's guide to Breth- 
ren House Ministries, 6301 56th Av- 
enue N., St. Petersburg, FL 33709. 
Quantity prices are also available. 

Pontius' Puddle 

A600T TKE WORLD •• ■ 

OH WO, KE-UE. co^^ts 

/v\V PASTOR \ 

COMFO?<TABLE, p^ 9^ ^- 

The Brethren Evangelist 

As we begin a new year, we do 
well to ponder . . . 

The Little Whiles of Life 

(John 16:16-22) 

By Winifred M. Millat 

I HAVE LONG been intrigued 
with the phrase, "in a little 
while." I was four years old when I 
first heard that comment. On a de- 
lightful day in September, the older 
children in our neighborhood went 
off to school. Suddenly, I was very 
lonely. There was no one with whom 
to share a cookie, a special secret, an 
exciting argument! 

Plaintively, I asked my mother 
when I could go to school. Gently she 
touched my cheek and said, "In a lit- 
tle while, Child, in a little while." 

The years passed and I became 
well-acquainted with "the little 
whiles of life." Curious, I went to the 
Bible one day to see if God used that 
phrase and what it meant to Him. 

Twenty-two times I found those 
words in the Bible, and I began to 
think seriously about the "little 
whiles of God." How long they some- 
times become! How full of joy they 
can be! How filled with suffering, 
learning, hoping, praying, and wait- 
ing they often are! 

Consider "the little while" of 
Jesus' ministry, a brief three years. 
Yet, He changed a world forever. 
Lives, personalities, purposes, desires, 
destinies — all things were made 
fresh and new, and that which was 
so devoid of meaning became that 
which was forever full of meaning. 

Remember "the little whiles" of 
men and women of the Old Testa- 
ment. There is a very short story of 
the "Little Maid" through whom one 
of the great miracles of faith took 
place. Because she directed her mas- 
ter, Naaman, the leper, to the great 
prophet Elisha, Naaman was healed. 
It is an amazing story (II Kings 5). 

And Jochebed, the mother of 
Moses, hid her little son by faith, a 

Mrs. Millat is a member of the Hill- 
crest Brethren Church in Dayton, Ohio. 

faith tempered with wdsdom. Joch- 
ebed probably spent only the first 
seven years with her son in 
Pharaoh's palace, but in that brief 
time she instilled in him a belief in 
Jehovah God and a reverence for the 
traditions of his faith. Moses re- 
mained a man of God all the years of 
his life and served Him with joy and 
honor and obedience. 

There was Samson, who wasted 
the rich gifts of God in a fruitless, 
wanton life. Then one day he found 
himself blind, weak, useless in the 
grist mill of the Philistines. But God 
is also found in this life's mills of 
futility. So one day Samson began to 
pray again, asking the Lord for 
strength and courage to redeem 
himself God hears the prayers of 
the desperate. So in "the little 
while" that was left in that blighted 
life, God got great glory to Himself 
through his servant, Samson. The 
Book of Hebrews continues the story 
of the men and women of faith in 
their "little whiles of life." 

But how shall we modem Chris- 
tians handle wisely and well our lit- 
tle whiles? 

First, we must learn to practice 
the presence of Christ in our lives 
daily. Talk to God and with God in- 
wardly and outwardly. Never turn 
off that clear channel receiver 
within you. This "little while" can 
be the opportunity for inward 
growth and personal achievements. 
As the poet says, 
O God, I cried, no dark disguise, 

can e'er hereafter hide from me 

Thy radiant identity! 
Thou canst not move across the 

grass, but my quick eye will see 

Thee pass. 
Nor speak however silently, but my 

hushed voice will answer Thee. 
0, God, I can push the grass apart, 

and lay my finger on Thy heart! 

Second, develop the Shepherd 
heart. Let us reach out to others 
when we least feel like it. Smile a 
lot, it's contagious. The thoughtful 
words and deeds, the phone calls, 
the notes, the exchange of thoughts 
and ideas promote unity and under- 

Third, "the little whiles" of God 
and life, the "not now" but "soon" 
have sent me back to a renewed 
study of the Word, so that I might 
find the secret of making my little 
whiles profitable. This is my prayer 
day after day, year after year: 

0, Lord, give me the patience of 
Job, the faith of Joseph, the courage 
of Stephen, the conviction of Peter, 
the wisdom of Paul, the heart of 
Mary, the steadfastness of Barnabas, 
the obedience of Philip, the gratitude 
of Ruth, the vision of the prophets, 
the repentance of David, the realism 
of James, the receptive heart of the 
Woman at the Well, the seeking, 
yearning desire of the Shulamite 
maiden, the mind of John, the devo- 
tion of Luke. 

For, my God, how very, very 
long are some of the little whiles of 
life. How painful the failures, how 
fleeting the hours of my endeavor. 
Let me not sit dreaming, my Lord. 
Bestir me to the urgent "now," for in 
a little while my mission here will be 
complete and fulfilled. Let the light 
within, which is but a reflection of 
my Lord, warm the heart of some 
stranger so that He who abideth with 
me may glorify Himself through my 
imperfect way. Amen. [f] 

January 1988 

Planning successful family devotions in our 
hectic world requires . . . 

Spirit-Directed Ingenuity 

IT was a beautiful summer evening. 
Children's voices echoed around 
the neighborhood as they played. 
Then just before dark, a familiar 
sound interrupted the game in 
which my friends and I were en- 
grossed. Daddy was whistling for us. 
When we heard his whistle, we 
knew what was expected. It was 
time to go home. 

In the evening after supper, it 
usually meant, "Time for prayers!" 
While my friends were still outside, 
it wasn't always easy to stop play- 
ing. Once I made the break, how- 
ever, "prayers" were fun. 

Sometimes Mother read from a 
Bible story book. Other times it was 
Pilgrim's Progress or a missionary 
biography written for children. 
Often we got into good, practical dis- 
cussions. We always recited a par- 
ticular Psalm for each day of the 
week, and a different member of the 
family led in prayer as we all knelt 
beside our chairs. Then it was up- 
stairs and off to bed. 

In the morning we also had devo- 
tions. Before we could eat breakfast. 
Mother read first the day's selection 
in the classic devotional book Daily 
Light, then the day's prayer requests 
from two missionary prayer lists. 
When she was through, Daddy led in 
prayer after which we could pitch 
into our breakfast. 

Years later, when I myself was a 
mother with four small children, my 
husband and I tried to have the kind 
of devotions that had worked in my 
home. But for some reason the re- 
sponse was different. 

The first major disaster came 
when we sat down with the children 

Mrs. Johnson is a freelance writer who 
lives in Charlotte Court House, Va. 

and read the list of missionary 
names to be remembered in prayer. 
There were some strange names on 
the list that first evening. Our chil- 
dren, who had not learned to be as 
reverent as the preceding genera- 
tion, "cracked up" over the Corn- 
fields, Pettigrews, and Greenbriers. 
There was no settling them down 
after those names had been read. So 
we packed them off to bed. 

The next night we tried again. 
But our youngest son had decided 
that missionary prayer time was fun 
time. He began to giggle loudly, 
even though the names were quite 
ordinary. This set off the other three 
into paroxysms of laughter. Even 
though we eliminated the prayer 
list, from then on family prayers 
became a signal for uncontrolled 

We learned a lesson. What works 
in one family may not work in- 
another. We would have to come up 
with a different way of directing 
their attention toward God and of 
leading them into the Scriptures. 

We discovered, as every parent 
has, that children go through a 
stage when anything that delays 
bedtime is welcomed. So after they 
were bathed and in bed, I went to 
each child individually (or two-by- 
two depending on the sleeping ar- 
rangements), read a Bible story, 
then prayed or asked them to pray. 
When our younger boys were seven 
and five, they enjoyed a book that 
had a short Bible story followed by 
questions. Each took pleasure in try- 
ing to outdo the other in giving the 
most right answers. 

As the children grew older, the 
pace of life and number of distrac- 
tions increased. We tried prayers at 
meal time, but the only meal we all 
ate together was supper. If my hus- 
band and I were not hurrying off to 
some evening activity, the children 
were. Devotions were pushed aside 

By Clare Torrey Johnson 

more often than not. Once more our 
creativity was taxed. 

This time I came up with what I 
thought was a unique solution. The 
children all ate an early breakfast 
and ran for the school bus. My hus- 
band and I enjoyed eating more lei- 
surely after they had gone. 

I made breakfast for our teen- 
agers, who usually ate in install- 
ments. No one wanted to talk to 
anyone at that time of day, includ- 
ing me; we are all night people. So 
after fixing breakfast, I sat on a 
stool in the kitchen and as the chil- 
dren stumbled in to eat in gloomy si- 
lence, I began to read to them, using 
whatever devotional book or Bible 
passages I thought would meet the 
needs of teen-agers or of that par- 
ticular child. As they finished eat- 
ing, I gave a brief prayer for their day 
at school and kissed them goodbye. 

Years later, one of our sons, who 
became a minister, was asked, 
"What particular experience in your 
growing-up-years made the greatest 
spiritual impact on your life?" 

After a moment of thought our son 
replied, "I think it was my mother's 
devotional reading to me while I ate 

There is no set formula for family 
devotions that works perfectly for 
every family in our busy, changing 
society. But I am convinced that 
some daily imput from Scripture and 
from good devotional literature, 
along with oral prayer, is of utmost 
importance for our children. Parents 
must use Spirit-directed ingenuity 
in finding the best way to impart 
spiritual truth to their children. The 
solid Christian foundations they lay 
are absolutely essential in helping 
their children walk with the Savior 
in a secular society. [t] 

If you have successful family devotions 
in your home, write and tell us how. 
Perhaps we can share your method with 
other Evangelist readers. The Editor 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Let Us Be Brethren 

"For one is your Master, even Christ; 
and all ye are brethren. " 

Matthew 23:8 

Bringing New People 

Into the Family 

By Moderator Dale R. Stoffer 

inant figure in The Brethren 
Church during the last part of the 
1800s, stated clearly what he and 
his generation believed was the mis- 
sion of the church: "That every pos- 
sible means for the conversion of 
souls be put forth at all times and 
under every circumstance." 

The history of The Brethren 
Church offers ample testimony in 
word, if not always in practice, to 
the ch'irch's continuing concern for 
evangelism. Nevertheless, numerous 
voices in the denomination today 
are calling for a renewed emphasis 
on evangelism that will stir us to 
greater faithfulness in "getting the 
Word out." 

Most of us, when asked to name 
a text calling us to the work of 
evangelism, think immediately of 
the Great Commission in Matthew 
28:16-20. Unfortunately, our very 
familiarity with this passage may 
prevent us from seeing some of its 
important implications. Let us look 
at the structure of the commission 

Two divine "givens" 

I fmd it intriguing that Jesus 
frames His commission to His disci- 
ples with two divine "givens" — 
first, the fact that all power in heaven 
and earth has been given to Him, 
and second, the assurance that He 
will be with His people always, even 
to the end of the age. It is because 

Jesus' power and presence are as- 
sured to us that He calls us to go 
forth with His Word. NOTE: Jesus 
does not reluctantly send His disci- 
ples alone into a hostile world and 
tell them to do the best job they can 
in the face of terrible odds. We are 
not called to reenact Custer's last 
stand in a spiritual Little Bighorn. 
Jesus commissions us to go forth 
with bold and confident trust that 
His power is backing us and His pre- 
sence is encouraging us. 

A number of English versions 
translate the word "go" as if it were 
a command. Actually, in Greek, it is 
a participle, "going," and therefore 
actually should read, "as you are 
going" or "in the midst of your 

Translating this verb as an im- 
perative may give the idea that one 
needs a special commission to go, or 
that the only kind of going that 
qualifies is one in which we go with 
evangelism as our main purpose, as 
when we do visitation. But the par- 
ticipial form suggests that evan- 
gelism should be an integral part of 
all our "goings"; witnessing should 
be such a natural part of every 
Christian's lifestyle that it can be 
incorporated into our "goings" to the 
grocery store, our conversation with 
neighbors, lunch-hour discussions 
with fellow workers. 

The next verb in the commission 
is an imperative, "make disciples," 
and it is followed by two participles 

that expand upon what it means to 
make disciples: baptizing them and 
teaching them. I am concerned that 
sometimes in our haste to find sup- 
port for the worldwide call to the 
work of evangelism, we overlook the 
fact that the Great Commission un- 
derscores the necessity of combining 
evangelism and discipleship into one 

The Great Commission does not 
permit us to feel that our work is 
done when a person has gotten 
"saved" and baptized. The Commis- 
sion clearly indicates that our work 
of making disciples is not completed 
until we have taught them fully 
about Christ and His Word. It is 
both bad theology and bad practice 
to divide evangelism and disciple- 
ship, for they should be part of one 
inseparable process. 

WTien we look at The Brethren 
Church's record in evangelism and 
discipleship, we see both positive 
and negative signs. Since 1980, 
3,040 people have joined the church 
by conversion, an average of 434 per 
year. Nine churches registered over 
50 conversions during this period, 
and four of these are among our 
smaller churches. For this we can 
give thanks. 

But numerous people have noted 
that every year a large number of 
churches register no conversions (63 
in 1986). We must ask ourselves 
whether we have "lost the sense of 
the lostness of the lost," as someone 
has phrased it. Have we become 
"pragmatic agnostics" about the re- 
ality of hell because we don't want 
to offend anyone with our beliefs? 

Sound discipleship 

I am just as concerned, however, 
about our need for sound disci- 
pleship. Historically, the Brethren 
placed great emphasis upon making 
people aware of their responsibilities 
to their Lord both before and after 
baptism. Candidates for baptism 
were asked whether they had 
counted the cost of this step. Those 
who had become members of the 
church were frequently reminded, 
especially through the yearly 
deacon's visit, of the commitments 
they had made to live in faithfulness 
and obedience to the Lord. 

It is difficult to discern the effec- 
tiveness of our discipling process 
(continued on page 14) 

January 1988 


Nonviolence — From Those Who Know 

By Phil Lersch, Chair, Brethren Peace Committee 

I EXPERIENCED two significant 
presentations this past November 
— an address by Corretta Scott 
King (widow of Martin Luther King, 
Jr.) as part of a lecture series on a 
local college campus, and the movie 
Gandhi on television during 
Thanksgiving week (my second view- 
ing of this classic). 

Among other themes, these events 
in a distinctive way each stressed 
the value and necessity of using 
nonviolent methods of resistance 
to accomplish needed social im- 
provements. Mrs. King stated this 
very pointedly several times as she 
recounted some of her husband's 
projects and as she commented on 
present-day situations. And in the 
movie, at one point Gandhi was say- 
ing, in essence, "If we can't gain in- 
dependence for India through non- 
violent means, then we won't at- 
tempt it at all — for it will come in 
no other way." 

Shortly after hearing Mrs. King 
and watching Gandhi, as the time 
drew near for the preparation of this 
article, I unearthed from my peace 
materials some words by Dr. Mar- 
tin Luther King about the evolve- 
ment of his belief in nonviolent re- 
sistance. His words, from Eye Wit- 
ness: The Negro in American His- 
tory, edited by William Catz, helped 
to underscore the validity of what I 
had heard, seen, and experienced in 
recent weeks. 

First Martin Luther King relates 
his early contacts with nonviolent 
resistance, when he really didn't un- 
derstand what it meant: 

During my freshman days in 
1944 at Atlanta's Morehouse 
College I read Henry David 
Thoreau's essay On Civil Dis- 
obedience for the first time. Here, 
in this courageous New England- 
er's refusal to pay his taxes and 
his choice of jail rather than sup- 

port a war that would spread slav- 
ery's territory into Mexico, I made 
my first contact with the theory of 
nonviolent resistance. Fascinated 
by Thoreau's idea of refusing to 
cooperate with an evil system, I 
was so deeply moved that I reread 
the work several times. 

A few years later I heard a lec- 
ture by Dr. Mordecai Johnson, 
President of Howard University. 
Dr. Johnson had just returned 
from a trip to India and he spoke 
of the life and teachings of 
Mahatma Gandhi. His message 
was so profound and electrifying 
that I left the meeting and bought 
a half-dozen books on Gandhi's 
life and works. 

Before reading Gandhi, I had 
believed that Jesus' "turn the 
other cheek" philosophy and the 
"love your enemies" philosophy 
could only be useful when indi- 
viduals were in conflict with other 
individuals. When racial groups 
and nations were in conflict, a 
more realistic approach seemed 
necessary. But after reading Gan- 
dhi, I saw how utterly mistciken I 

Then, as King continues his story, 
he begins to explain the meaning of 
nonviolent resistance and what has 
been accomplished by it. 

During the days of the 
Montgomery bus boycott, I came 
to see the power of nonviolence 
more and more. As I lived through 
the actual experience of this pro- 
test, nonviolence became more 
than a useful method; it became a 
way of life. 

Nonresistance attacks the 
forces of evil rather than the per- 
sons who happen to be doing the 
evil. As I said to the people of 
Montgomery: "The tension in this 
city is not between white people 
and Negro people. The tension is 
at bottom, between justice and in- 
justice, between the forces of light 
and the forces of darkness. And if 

there is a victory, it will be a vic- 
tory not merely for 50,000 Ne- 
groes but a victory for justice and 
the forces of light. We are out to 
defeat injustice and not white per- 
sons who may be unjust." 

It must be emphasized that non- 
violent resistance is not for cow- 
cU-ds. Nonviolent resistance does 
resist! If one uses this method be- 
cause he is afraid or merely be- 
cause he lacks the weapons of vio- 
lence, he is not truly nonviolent. 
That is why Gandhi often said 
that if cowardice is the only alter- 
native to violence, it is better to 
fight. He made this statement 
knowing that there is always 
another choice we can make: 
There is the way of nonviolent re- 
sistance. No individual or group 
need submit to any wrong, nor 
need they use violence to right a 
wrong. This is ultimately the way 
of the strong man. 

The nonviolent resistance of the 
early Christians shook the Homan 
Empire. The nonviolence of 
Mahatma Gandhi EUid his follow- 
ers had muzzled the guns of the 
British Empire in India and freed 
more than 350 million people 
from colonialism. It brought vic- 
tory in the Montgomery bus 

And finally, in this short segment 
of his writings. Dr. King stresses the 
very positive nature of genuine non- 
violent resistance. 

The phrase passive resistance 
often gives the false impression 
that this is a sort of "do-nothing 
method" in which the resister 
quietly smd passively accepts evil. 
But nothing is further from the 
truth. For while the nonviolent 
resister is not physically aggres- 
sive toward his opponent, his 
mind and emotions are always ac- 
tive, constantly seeking to per- 
suade his opponent that he is 
wrong — constantly seeking to 
(continued on page 14) 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Partnership in Excellence 

Do YOU want to become part of 
history in the making? Would 
you like to make an investment 
that has lasting value? Why not 
consider becoming a partner in the 
work and ministry of Ashland 
Theological Seminary? 

The Seminary has a 110-year 
history of serving the church. Our 
Constitution stated "the training of 
suitable young men for the minis- 
try of the gospel shall always be 
sacredly regarded as one of the 
main objects of this institution." 
When the Seminary became a 
graduate school in 1930, Dr. J. 
Allen Miller said, "The Brethren 
Theological Seminary will be a 
graduate school of theology of such 
a rank as the highest type of evan- 
gelical faith and life. . . ." The truth 
of his statement is borne out today 
as Ashland Theological Seminary 
has received national recognition 
for its commitment to excellence. 

This year students have come to 
Ashland from 24 states, 10 foreign 
countries, and 50 different denomi- 
nations. This mix indicates the 
broad ministry that is being car- 
ried out through the Seminary and 
The Brethren Church. 

The new campaign of the Semi- 
nary has established a goal of rais- 
ing $1 million for the construction 
of a new classroom building and 

the remodeling and enlarging of 
the library. The classroom building 
(see artist's conception above) will 
fill an ever-present need on the 
campus. (The current classrooms 
are the former garages of the 
Myers home). Five new classrooms 
will be equipped with the finest 
educational advances available for 
teaching the gospel. 

"Bricks and mortar" does not 
have the same appeal as "feeding 
starving children," "digging wells 
for people in a country of drought," 

or "sponsoring an orphan." The 
importance of each of these is in no 
way minimized in our thoughts. 
But each of these serves only a few 
people for a short time. The build- 
ing of a facility to train tomorrow's 
leaders for a global impact has un- 
told value. As long as there is a 
need for workers for the fields 
"white unto harvest," there will be 
students trained, prepared, and 
sent into the fields through the 
ministry of Ashland Seminary and 
The Brethren Church. [t] 


D □ n D 

January 1988 


Spotlight on ATS Students 

WHEN someone mentions seminary, what 
picture comes to your mind? It often 
ranges from the humorous — "Your Dad goes to 
cemetery?" — to the sublime, — "Oh, seminary 
is that place with ivy towers." 

What happens at seminary? Again, the re- 
sponses vary: "It's a preacher school." "Semi- 
nary? It's a place where they discuss topics that 
nobody in the church really cares about." 

What really is seminary and what really goes 
on behind those ivy-covered towers. 

The Mission Statement of Ashland Theological 
Seminary is clear and to the point. "ATS exists 
to equip committed Christians for leadership in 
ministries of the pastorate, missions, education, 
counseling, and community life. This prepara- 
tion includes the spiritual formation of students 

together with the academic specialization and 
practical training necessary for serving God in a 
pluralistic world." 

Other key words found in the statement in- 
clude: "Commitment to biblical, evangelical con- 
viction," "pursuit of excellence," "appreciation of 
person," "servant-leaders," "the capacity to care 
for people," and "an interdependency upon each 
other and God." 

At Ashland Seminary, we intend to keep touch 
with the church and to avoid any ivy-tower men- 
tality. Our desire is to train leaders who will 
lead and at the same time serve. The Church and 
the Seminary must work hand in hand in 
cooperative ministry to insure a firm basis for 
faithfully serving our Lord. In the following spot- 
lights you will see how this is happening. 


Mrs. Cooksey, 
a "second ca- 
reer student," 
chats with Dr. 
Jerry Flora, 
professor of 
New Testament 
theology at 

SEMINARIES are discovering a 
new phenomenon, referred to 
as "second career students." It is 
quite simple to understand. People 
trained for one particular field de- 
cide to change to an entirely differ- 
ent one later in life. Carolyn Cook- 
sey would technically fall into that 
category, but those who know 

Carolyn would affirm that she was 
destined for seminary all along. 

Carolyn grew up in Ashland, 
Ohio. She attended Ashland High 
School and Ashland College, where 
she met and married Dave Cooksey 
(who is now Director of Pastoral 
Ministries for The Brethren 
Church). Carolyn received a degree 

in sociology and worked for a while 
as a social worker. When Dave 
finished seminary, Carolyn settled 
into the role of a pastor's wife. 

Carolyn took both a supportive 
role to Dave in his ministry and an 
active role in teaching and counsel- 
ing. Her hunger for the Word re- 
sulted in many long hours of study 
and research. Her Sunday school 
classes and Bible studies were 
well-attended and her preparation 

It was natural for Carolyn to en- 
roll in seminary when her husband 
accepted the position of Director of 
Pastoral Ministries in Ashland. 
Carolyn's desire for learning has 
been well-directed in her courses at 

Carolyn's goal is to work with 
Brethren pastors' wives (as David 
works with pastors), providing en- 
couragement, support, and a listen- 
ing ear. It is a worthy goal, one 
which should have a lasting impact 
on those she touches as well as on 
The Brethren Church as a whole. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

DONALD KELLEY grew up in 
Sarver, Pennsylvania, about 
one mile from the present location 
of the Sarver Brethren Church. As 
a child he attended a local Pres- 
byterian church, but as a teenager 
he lost interest in the church and 
stopped attending. 

After graduating from Freeport 
High School, Don attended Penn 
State and went on to medical 
school at the University of 

Dr. Kelly has 
given up hi^s 
medical prac- 
tice to study 
at ATS. 

Pittsburgh. He completed his resi- 
dency training at Shadyside and 
Allegheny General Hospital before 
returning to the Sarver area to 
practice medicine. 

After a broken relationship with 
a girlfriend of six years, Don was 
challenged by his brother to com- 
mit his life to Christ. It was this 
challenge that led Don to make 
such a commitment on December 
22, 1983. Don found his way to the 

Sarver Brethren Church, where he 
became actively involved in church 

Several things began to happen 
to reshape Don's thinking into con- 
sidering giving up medicine for 
ministry. Don became active in the 
Pittsburgh Institute of Youth 
Ministry, where he discovered he 
liked being in the company of 
youth pastors more than attending 
Medical Association meetings. "I 
began to lose interest in medicine, 
that's hard to say," Don said. "But 
my interest was focused more on 
the church." It was this interest 
that led Don to give up his medical 
practice and enroll at Ashland 

Don's interests include home 
missions, particularly ministry to 
youth and young adults of the 
"baby boom" generation; develop- 
ing non-traditional, contemporary 
worship styles and ministries; 
exploring the use of video and 
other audio-visual tools in minis- 
try; and expository preaching. Don 
concluded, "I want to help make 
Christianity relevant to the kids of 
today that have grown up with 
T.V. and so much more." 


GROWING UP in the midst of a 
parsonage family leaves an 
indelible mark on a person. That 
was the experience of David Ben- 
shoff, son of Rev. St. Clair and 
Polly Benshoff. 

The experience of being a P.K. 
was a mixed blessing for David. On 
the one hand, it was like being in a 
family on parade; but on the other. 

After a number 
"^ of years as a 

layman, this 
pastor's son 
-™.^___ has himself be- 
^^^^^^ come a pastor. 

it was a learning experience that 
stays with a person for life. "The 
attitude of servanthood was always 
evident in our household. I didn't 
understand it at first, but I knew 
you were to show compassion and 
love to those you serve," David 

It was during summer camp that 
David committed his life to Christ 

in full-time service through the 
Life Work Recruit program. His 
high school years were spent at 
Riverside Christian High School in 
Lost Creek, Kentucky. David found 
himself surrounded by people 
showing compassion and Christian 
love. He became sensitive to the 
needs of others. "Those years," re- 
flected David, "will always hold a 
special place in my heart as having 
made a significant contribution to 
being where I am today." 

David attended Ashland College, 
where he met Dee Solomon. The 
two were married and answered a 
call to become tentmakers in 
Derby, Kansas, with Dee's father, 
Rev. George Solomon. Here, again, 
God was preparing David for other 
things. David found himself help- 
ing people both physically and 
spiritually. The call to the pastoral 
ministry lay waiting for an answer. 

"I can still remember when 
people asked me if I was going to 
be a preacher like my dad," David 
(continued on next page) 

January 1988 


Spotlight on ATS Students 

David Benshoff 

(continued from previous page) 
said. "I would say, 'No thanks. I 
don't want to go through the pain 
I've seen my dad go through be- 
tween the joys.' " But now he takes 
a different view: "How narrow a 

statement that was, for through all 
the times of struggle, God produced 
a more willing heart to serve Him 
and the Church. 

David did answer the call and 
enrolled in Ashland Seminary to 
prepare for pastoral ministry. He 
also became pastor of the Louis- 

ville Brethren Bible Church, where 
he put to work all of his years of 
preparation as well as the training 
he was receiving at Ashland. 

For David, it is only another 
chapter in the Book God is prepar- 
ing on his life. The chapter could 
simple be entitled, "Serving." 


TIM EAGLE looks like a college 
student. Well, in fact, he is a 
recent graduate of Ashland College 
and a first-year student at Ashland 
Theological Seminary. Tim is a 
person who is going places. After 

chatting with him only a few min- 
utes, you know his direction is 
clear. He is going to serve the Lord. 

Tim was bom in Gallon, Ohio, 
and grew up in the United 
Methodist Church. He was active 
in youth groups as a teenager, but 
says he really didn't know the Lord 
until he was a junior in high school. 
Through the ministry of Campus 
Life, Tim was led to Christ. 

His desire was to pursue a busi- 
ness career when he entered Ash- 
land College, but in his freshman 
year, he felt a call of the Lord upon 
his life and changed to a religion 
major. During college he became 

active in Hope Fellowship, Serv- 
ants of the Lord Fellowship, and 
the Crusader Program. During his 
sophomore year, Tim joined Park 
Street Brethren Church. In the 
summer of 1986, he served as a 
summer intern at The Brethren 
Church in New Lebanon, Ohio. 

Tim is active in his faith and is 
eager and alive in his openness to 
share Christ. He feels he is being 
led to the foreign mission field and 
is totally open to God's leading. 
"I'll go wherever He wants to send 
me," Tim said. And he will. 

Tim is the grandson of Dr. and 
Mrs. L. E. Lindower of Ashland. 

Let Us Be Brethren 

(contined from page 9) 
from the statistical report. But one 
rough measure is the number of re- 
versions (a euphemism for members 
lost through roll revision), a signifi- 
cant number of whom probably were 
people who were inadequately disci- 
pled at the start or were not chal- 
lenged in an ongoing way with their 
commitment of faithfulness to God. 
Reversions continue to be the 
largest category of membership loss 
in the denomination (averaging 739 
since 1980). To be sure, some 
churches are doing an effective job of 
discipling converts, but others need 
to improve. For example, of the nine 
churches which had 50 or more con- 
versions since 1980, six actually 
dropped in worship attendance! 

Let me suggest some ways in 
which we can improve our effective- 
ness in both evangelism and disci- 
pleship. I believe most of us know 
that every Christian is to be a wit- 
ness. Unfortunately, guilt is the 
motivator most frequently used to 
move us to witness. Guilt is one of 
the least effective tools for motiva- 
tion. When, however, we share the 
Good News out of a recognition of 
humanity's lostness and, even more, 
out of a desire to share the exciting 
life we have discovered in Christ, 


evangelism becomes far more re- 
warding. Pastors must take the lead 
here, demonstrating by their words 
and example both the importance 
and the joy of sharing one's faith. 

Our discipleship process can be 
enhanced if we direct new converts 
immediately into a small group set- 
ting in which they can receive per- 
sonal attention and instruction. (A 
membership class or home Bible 
study is ideal.) Another idea is to 
resurrect the practice of the deacon's 
visit to every member once a year in 
order to ascertain the spiritual 
health of the members and to deal 
with any problems they might have. 
Finally, a church should commit it- 
self to removing no one from the 
membership rolls unless the person 
has been visited by the pastor or 
deacon in an effort to resolve any 
problem and renew the person to fel- 

The early Brethren had a healthy 
emphasis on both evangelism and 
discipleship. They desired to see the 
spiritual family in the church grow 
by the addition of new believers, and 
they took seriously their responsibil- 
ity for nurturing these young Chris- 
tians. Let us be Brethren by imitat- 
ing this desire to see our household 
of faith grow spiritually as well as- 
numerically. [t] 

Peace Points of View 

(continued from page 10) 
open the eyes of blind prejudice. 
This is not passive nonresisttmce 
to evil, it is active nonvoilent re- 
sistance to evil. 

Nonviolence does not seek to de- 
feat or humiliate the opponent, 
but to win his friendship and un- 
derstanding. The nonviolent re- 
sister not only refuses to shoot his 
opponent but he also refuses to 
hate him. To strike back in the 
same way as his opponent would 
do nothing but increase the exist- 
ence of hate in the universe. 
Along the way of life, someone 
must have the sense enough and 
morality enough to cut off the 
chain of hate. 

In the final analysis all life is 
interrelated. All humanity is in- 
volved in a single process, and all 
men are brothers. To the degree 
that I harm my brother, no matter 
what he is doing to me, to that ex- 
tent I am harming myself. Why is 
this? Because men are brothers. If 
you harm me, you harm yourself 

These recent experiences provided 
not only inspiration, but helped me 
think again about the power of non- 
violent resistance — ordained first 
by Jesus. I trust this report might 
have similar value for you as we 
continue to struggle positively with 
evils in our world. [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 



Rev. Arthur Tinkel: A Love for 
the Lord and a Love for Books 

By Steve Jones 

The following article ap- 
peared on the front page of the 
Sunday, December 6, edition of 
the Wabash. Ind.. Chronicle- 
Tribune and is reprinted here 
with the permission of that 
newspaper. The article was sub- 
mitted to The Brethren Evan- 
gelist by Rev. William Brady, 
pastor of the College Corner 
Brethren Church. 

December sunlight streams 
through the window glass to 
shine upon the open, page- 
worn Bible resting on a card 
table standing in front of 
Arthur Tinkel's favorite liv- 
ing room chair. Other books 
occupy the table's corner. 

Tinkel, 86, leans back in 
the armchair, points to the 
Bible and books, and says: 

"A love for the Lord and a 
love for books led me to do 
what I did in my life." 

Tinkel has been an or- 
dained Brethren minister for 
54 years and was a teacher 
and principal for 30 years. 

Born in 1901 in Landis in 
Grant County, Tinkel moved 
with his parents to Wabash 
County and to Waltz Town- 
ship when he was six years 

"We lived north of Red 
Bridge. When I went to grade school, I 
attended the College Corner School 
and the Long School," he says. 

College Corner would play a role in 
Tinkel's life. As a boy, he also at- 
tended the College Corner Brethren 
Church, a church he would later serve 
as minister. 

"How did College Corner get its 
name? Well, they tell me a person who 
lived in that section sent his son to 
college. Now, this was years and years 
ago when sending someone to college 
was unheard of in a rural area. From 
that time on, local people referred to 
the corner as "College Corner,' " says 

The Brethren Church was an impor- 
tant part of the family's life. 

"The old country churches serves as 
places to gather and to worship and as 

January 1988 

Wabash Chronicle-Tribune photo by Alan Petersime. 

A love for the Lord and a love for books led Arthur Tin- 
kel to spend his life as a pastor and a teacher. 

more or less social meetings in days 
when life in the country meant you 
really didn't have too many other ac- 
tivities," he says. 

Tinkel recalls the events leading up 
to the 1915 February day when he was 
baptized in the Mississinewa River. 

"In those days, when you were ready 
to accept Christ, you went forward 
during a revival meeting. 

"I had wanted to do that, but I guess 
for a time I was just too backward to 
do it. 

"One day Mother told me several 
young people were going to go forward 
at the next day's revival meeting. 

"She wanted to know if I was ready 
to do it. 

"Oh, immediately I made up my 

"About six of us were baptized in 

the river at Pearson's Mill. There was 
ice on the river. The men cut a path 
out through the ice, and cut a hole in 
the ice at the end of the path. 

"After I was baptized, I remember 

my overalls just froze stiff," he says. 

Tinkel graduated from old Somerset 

High School in 1920, the 

same year he married Lylia 


She prompted him to attend 
Manchester College to be- 
come a teacher. 

"I liked the idea. I had al- 
ways loved books and learn- 

"I knew the college presi- 
dent, Otho Winger. He was a 
friend of my mother's," Tinkel 

After completion of the first 
college term, Tinkel was of- 
fered a job teaching at Somer- 
set grade school, a job he ac- 
cepted and held for two years. 
Then, he transferred to the 
old Linlawn School on the 
Mill Creek Pike the fall of 
1923. Three years later, Lin- 
lawn High School opened 
(now the W.C. Mills School). 
"They left the grade school 
at the old school, and the 
trustee asked me to be grade 
school principal. 

"Well, I couldn't turn that 
down. The pay wasn't any 
more than I received as 
teacher, but I felt an obliga- 
tion to serve as best I could," 
says Tinkel, who served as 
principal for 20 years. 

In the meantime, Tinkel 
was ordained as a Brethren 
minister in 1933, and began his minis- 
try the fall of 1934. 

"That meant so much to me. Really, 
the church was all I knew — besides 
teaching," he recalls. 

Tinkel continued teaching and 

"Center Chapel, north of Wabash, 
was my first church. Then, I served 
three years at my home church, the 
College Corner Church, and at the 
same time, served the Loree Church in 
southern Miami County," he says. 

His teaching career took him from 
Linlawn to principal of North Grove 
School in Miami County. 

Tinkel became minister to the 
Akron Brethren Church. 

"That church was a very good pas- 
torate. We had a good time there. It 
(continued on next page) 



Rev. Duane Dickson Honored For 
25 Years in Pastoral Ministry 

Huntington, Ind. — Rev. Duane 
Dickson was honored by the Hunt- 
ington First Brethren Church at a spe- 
cial service and dinner on Sunday, 
November 15, in recognition of his 
25th anniversary as an ordained 
Christian pastor. 

A total of 127 people attended the 
event, including members of the con- 
gregation and relatives and friends of 
the Dicksons. 

Russell Rodkey of the Burlington 
First Brethren Church, who was pres- 
ent at Rev. Dickson's ordination on 
November 17, 1962, and Dale Sweet, a 
member of the Board of Deacons of the 
College Corner Brethren Church, pre- 
sented highlights from Rev. Dickson's 
ministry. Both men, as well as Mrs. 
Dickson, spoke of Rev. Dickson as 
being "consistently kind and consider- 
ate through the years." 

The B.W. Lawson Family, gospel 
singers from the College Corner 
Church, brought special music and 
shared testimonies, as did others who 
were present. 

Kenneth Taylor, chairman of the 
Board of Trustees of the Huntington 
congregation, and James Stahl, Sun- 
day school superintendent and deacon, 
presented Rev. Dickson with a 
baseball trophy on which was in- 

Rev. Duane Dickson: "Twenty-five 
years batting for the Lord." 

scribed, "Twenty-Five Years Batting 
for the Lord." 

The guest speaker for the service 
was Rev. Herbert Gilmer, whose first 
pastorate was the County Line Breth- 
ren Church, where Rev. and Mrs. 
Dickson accepted the Lord on Novem- 

Rev. Arthur Tinkel 

(continued from previous page) 
was a small country congregation. 
They were wonderful, wonderful 

"The minisry there was a challenge; 
a lot of work, but we all pitched in and 
got it done," says Tinkel, who stayed 
at the Akron Church until he retired 
from teaching in 1951. 

However, his work did not stop. He 
became minister of the Oak Hill 
Brethren Church south of Charleston, 
W. Va. 

"That was in the mining country. 
Many of the church members were 

"One day a man who attended our 
church and who worked in the mines 
asked me to go down in the deep mine 
with him. 

"To please him, I did. And do you 
know, there in the mine, he made his 
confession to the Lord and became a 
Christian, and was, from that time on, 
one of our most active members," Tin- 
kel says. 

Leaving West Virginia, he returned 

to Indiana to minister at Oakville and 
Flora before retiring from the minis- 
try in 1966. 

His wife, Lylia died in 1967. 

In 1976, he married his present 
wife, Berneal. 

Today, Tinkel remains active in 
church work, serving as adult teacher 
at the Wabash First Brethren Church. 

Looking back on his life's careers as 
teacher and preacher, Tinkel says 
being interested in people made those 
vocations fascinating to him. 

The changes he witnessed were 
great, from times of coal oil lamps in 
schools and churches to the most mod- 
ern facilities. 

"I taught so many young people in 
school. I worked with so many fine 
people in the ministry. 

"Yes, I did make some mistakes; 
probably a lot of mistakes in both 
areas, but if a person does anything in 
their life, they are bound to make mis- 

"I did what I could do the best I 
knew how, and for the honor and glory 
of the Lord," says Rev. Arthur Tinkel. 

her 15, 1953. Rev. Gilmer's message, 
from II Timothy, focused on eight as- 
pects of the Christian life and its re- 
wards: (1) Trust the Lord, (2) Obey 
Him, (3) Commit yourself to Him, (4) 
Seek and save the lost, (5) Be a faith- 
ful steward, (6) Endure, (7) Receive a 
heritage, (8) Receive a crown. 

Rev. Dickson, 60, entered the pas- 
toral ministry after serveral years in 
secular work as an electronics techni- 
cian, quality control manager, and en- 
gineering writer. His quarter-century 
ministry in The Brethren Church has 
included pastorates at the Burlington, 
Ind., First Brethren Church (2 V2 
years); Papago Park Brethren Church 
of Tempe, Ariz. (5 V2 years); College 
Corner Brethren Church near 
Wabash, Ind. (7 years); Walcrest 
Brethren Church, Mansfield, Ohio (5 
years); Johnstown, Pa., Third Breth- 
ren Church (3 years); and the Hun- 
tington, Ind., First Brethren Church, 
where he continues to serve. 

— Roxie E. Stahl 

Bethlehem, Mt. Olive Brethren 
Meet for Joint Get-Together 

Elkton, Va. — Forty-five members of 
the Bethlehem and Mt. Olive Breth- 
ren Churches of Virginia met together 
on Sunday evening, November 1, for 
an All-Saints' Day Celebration. 

Benny and Cathy Cupp, members of 
the Bethlehem Church, hosted the get- 
together in their picnic shelter. 

In reality, the fact that it was All- 
Saints' Day had little to do with the 
gathering. The purpose of the evening 
was for members of the two churches 
to learn to know each other better and 
to have fellowship in the Lord. Though 
the two churches are not from the 
same "Triad of Love" proposed by past 
General Conference Moderator War- 
ren Gamer, it was his recommenda- 
tion that sparked the idea for the 
gathering between the two churches, 
which are only ten miles apart. 

Following introductions, Rodney 
Sandridge of the Mt. Olive Church led 
the group through a series of creative 
relay games that served as good mix- 
ers. After the games, the group en- 
joyed desserts prepared by some of the 
best cooks in The Brethren Church. 
All the desserts were made from 
either apples or pumpkins. The time of 
eating offered further opportunities to 
make or renew acquaintances. 

Many expressed the desire for an 
annual get-together similar to this 
meeting between the two churches. 

— Ronald W. Waters 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Southeastern District to Start 
New Church in Frederick, Md. 

Frederick, Md. — The Southeastern 
District Mission Board on November 
18 selected Frederick, Maryland, as 
the site for a new Brethren church. 
The board hopes to begin Bible studies 
in the city in February and worship 
services in the fall. 

The decision was made after tabula- 
tion and analysis of a community re- 
ligious survey conducted in the city on 
October 24. A total of 38 Brethren 
from nine Southeastern District 
churches (and ranging in age from 16 
to 86) spent two and one-half hours 
that day going door-to-door in selected 
neighborhoods to gather information 
from 208 households. The board had 
been studying the city for several 
years as a possible site for a new 
Brethren church, and continues to 
work in cooperation with the national 
Missionary Board during the planning 

Frederick is located west of Balti- 
more and northwest of Washington, 
D.C., between the Hagerstown and St. 
James churches to the west and Lin- 

wood to the east. The survey revealed 
a young, upwardly mobile, profes- 
sional group of residents, many of 
whom have moved in recent years to 
Frederick. Of the 208 households sur- 
veyed, 30 percent indicated an interest 
in receiving information about The 
Brethren Church and any services 
that might be offered by a new church. 
The board is considering a new 
strategy for planting the church based 
on a program developed by the 
Friends Southwest Yearly Meeting 
and used successfully by over 50 de- 
nominations to begin new churches. 
The strategy involves attempting to 
telephone every household in a com- 
munity to discover families who are 
unchurched. Those who express a will- 
ingness to receive information are 
placed on a mailing list and receive 
five weekly mailings about the new 
church. Prior to the first meeting, a 
follow-up call is made to each house- 
hold that has received the mailings 
with an additional invitation to at- 
tend, (continued next column) 

Outreach Effort at Mt. Olive 
Adds Several New Families 

McGaheysville, Va. — The Mt. Olive 
Brethren Church of Pineville recently 
completed an outreach effort that re- 
sulted in the addition of several new 
families to the church. 

The program was called "Our 
Jerusalem," based on Jesus' statement 
to His disciples in Acts 1:8: "you will 
be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in 
all Judea and Samaria, and to the 
ends of the earth." The campaign 
name and many of the ideas were 
adapted from a similar program con- 
ducted by Park Street Brethren 
Church of Ashland in the late 1970s. 

Essentially the program included 
six weekly mailings to unchurched 
families in the community whose 
names were submitted by members of 
the congregation. The mailings in- 
cluded a cover letter written by some- 
one from the church supplemented by 
an attractive brochure. The brochure 
dealt with a basic life need and con- 
tained a low-key presentation of a bib- 
lical solution to the need. The mail- 
ings were followed up with personal 
visits by teams from the church to 
households willing to receive a visit. 

The program was supported by a 

series of practical messages on out- 
reach by Pastor Ronald Waters and by 
revival messages by Rev. William Ker- 
ner also geared to outreach, church 
growth, and visitation techniques. 

Mailings were sent to 51 families in 
September and October. By the first 
Sunday in December, as a result of the 
campaign, two families had visited the 
church once and six families had at- 
tended twice or more. Of these eight 
households, three families are now at- 
tending regularly. From the three at- 
tending families, four adults have 
completed a "Welcome Class" for pros- 
pective members of the church and 
were received into membership with 
others on December 6. 

"The results from this relatively 
simple approach to outreach — both 
among the unchurched and among the 
members of our congregation — have 
been quite exciting," says Pastor 
Waters. "We hope to use this program 
a couple of times each year to help us 
reach out to the unchurched in our 

Churches interested in a fuller de- 
scription of the program may contact 
Rev. David Cooksey, Director of Pas- 
toral ministries; or Ron Waters at Mt. 
Olive Brethren Church, Rt. 1, Box 
421, McGaheysville, VA 22840; phone 

The Southeastern District Mission 
Board asks that all Brethren be in 
prayer for this new work. Also, the 
board would be happy to receive the 
names and addresses of any Brethren 
who may be living in Frederick or who 
may be interested in serving as 
tentmakers there. These may be sent 
to the board president, Rev. Robert 
Keplinger, at P.O. Box 27, Linwood, 
MD 21764. 

— Ronald W. Waters 

Encouragement and Support to 
Be Pastors' Conference Theme 

Pleasant Hill, Ohio — "Mutual En- 
couragement and Support" will be the 
theme for Brethren Pastors' Confer- 
ence, to be held April 12-14, 1988, at 
Kings Island Quality Inn and Confer- 
ence Center, Mason, Ohio. 

Morning and afternoon sessions of 
the conference will explore the theme 
in three areas of relationships: (1) pas- 
tor to pastor and pastor's wife to pas- 
tor's wife; (2) church to church (at the 
district and national levels); and (3) 
member to church. Evening sessions 
will focus on mutual encouragement 
and support within the pastor's home. 

The conference will begin with 
check-in from 11:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. 
on Tuesday, April 12, and conclude 
with check-out at 11:30 a.m. on Thurs- 
day, April 14. Two sessions on the 
theme are scheduled for Tuesday and 
Wednesday and one on Thursday, with 
free time planned for Wednesday af- 

Cost of the conference, which in- 
cludes Tuesday and Wednesday buffet 
supper, Wednesday and Thursday con- 
tinental breakfast, program expenses, 
and two nights lodging, is $94.50 for 
one person per room, $65.00 per per- 
son for two people per room, $55.50 
per person for three per room, or 
$50.75 per person for four per room. 

Reservations, which must be made 
by March 5, 1988, are to be sent to 
Brethren Pastors' Conference, c/o First 
Brethren Church, 210 N. Church St., 
Pleasant Hill, OH 45359. Reservations 
should include names, addresses and 
phone numbers of those attending, 
number of rooms needed, and full pay- 
ment. Make checks payable to the 
Pleasant Hill Brethren Church (not- 
ing Brethren Pastors' Conference on 
the memo line on the check). No re- 
funds will be made after March 13, ex- 
cept in case of an emergency. 

Anyone with questions about the 
conference should call Rev. Robert 
Westfall at 513-676-2802. 

January 1988 




^ Vine 

The Hillcrest Brethren Church of 

Dayton, Ohio, is expecting a new pas- 
tor this month. Rev. Wes Ellis will 
begin serving the congregation on 
January 24. In coming to Dayton, he 
leaves behind the Oakville, Ind., First 
Brethren Church, which he pastored 
for the past 13 years. 

"We welcome Rev. Ellis and his 
wife, Sally, and look forward expect- 
antly to the plans our Lord has for us 
and our church," said Maxine Shef- 
field, corresponding secretary for the 
Hillcrest congregation. 

Mrs. Sheffield also expressed "deep 
appreciation ... to Rev. St. Clair Ben- 
shoff for his caring interim minister- 
ing — and to his wife, Polly, for being 
his constant 'help meet.' Our Lord was 
truly served! Our prayers and good 
wishes go with them — in Christian 
love and thanksgiving." 

The Muncie, Ind., First Brethren 
Church held a chili supper and silent 
auction on December 12 to raise 
money for World Relief Some of the 
members of the congregation provided 
the chili for the supper, and those who 
ate made a donation for the meal. 
Others brought pies, cookies, candy, 
and Christmas items, and these were 
"auctioned off' silently, with each bid- 
der writing a bid under the item he or 
she desired. A total of $206.08 was 
raised for World Relief 

January 24 will be observed as 
Sanctity of Human Life Sunday, a 

day when tens of thousands of Chris- 
tians will affirm the dignity and value 
of human life and intercede for an end 
to abortion. The purposes of Sanctity 
of Human Life Sunday are to unite 
churches across the nation in prayer 
for an end to abortion; to educate mil- 
lions to the truth of God's Word con- 
cerning abortion by witnessing to the 
sanctity of human life; to help pastors 
become personally involved in the 
abortion issue by providing them with 
information and materials; and to 
motivate people to actively oppose 

Fourteen Brethren elders attended Ken Madison's ordination service. The fourteen, 
shown here with Rev. Madison (in center of front row) were (front row, I. to r.) Rev. 
Alvin Grumbling, Rev. Jerry Fike, Rev. Ralph Gibson, Rev. Gene Eckerley, Rev. Dar- 
rell Crissman, Rev. Jim Miller, (back row, I. to r.) Rev. Robert Bischof, Rev. Harold 
Walton, Rev. Herbert Gilmer, Rev. Duane Dickson. Rev. Claude Stogsdill, Rev. Austin 
Gable, Rev. George Brown, and Rev. James Thomas. 

Ken Madison Ordination 

(continued from back page) 
presented special music. 

Pastor Madison was born December 
8, 1953, in Little Falls, New York, the 
son of Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Madison, 
Jr. The family moved to Richmond, 
Ind., in 1963 and to Goshen, Ind., in 
1966, where Ken was graduated from 
Goshen High School in 1972. 

Following graduation Ken joined 
the U.S. Army and served for 30 
months as a medical corpsman in Ger- 
many. He then returned to Goshen, 
where, in 1976, he enrolled in Goshen 
College and began pursuing a major in 
religion and biblical studies. The fol- 
lowing year he married Donna Geiger, 
daughter of Robert and the late Joan 
Geiger of Goshen. 

In 1978 Ken transferred to Fort 

Wayne (Ind.) Bible College, where he 
continued his studies, receiving a B.S. 
degree in pastoral ministry in 1983. 
He and his family then moved to Ash- 
land, where he continued his prepara- 
tion for ministry at Ashland Theologi- 
cal Seminary. He received a master of 
divinity degree from ATS in May 
1986. While in seminary he also re- 
ceived a commission as a Second 
Lieutenant in the Ohio National Guard, 
serving as a chaplain candidate. 

On June 1, 1986, Ken became pastor 
of the Kokomo First Brethren Church. 
He is also serving as a chaplain candi- 
date with the Indiana National Guard 
and is pursuing a career as a military 

Rev. and Mrs. Madison have three 
children, Samuel (8), Rachel (5), and 
Jared (4). 

In Memory 

Emery Kridler, 72, December 4. Member 
of the Pleasant View Brethren Church for 
52 years, moderator for 13 years, deacon, 
trustee and Sunday school teacher. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Keith Hensley. 
Deborah Lewis, 74, November 28. 
Member of the Masontown Brethren 
Church for 61 years, president of the WMS 
for 12 years, and Sunday school teacher. 
Services by Pastor Russell King. 
Edith Sappe, 75, November 24. Member 
of the Pleasant View Brethren Church for 
39 years. Services by Pastor Keith Hensley. 


Gale Shoemaker to Chris Manning, Oc- 
tober 17, at the Derby First Brethren 
Church; Pastor Dennis E. Sigle officiating. 
Lori Davis to Todd Stombaugh, August 
22, at The Brethren Church in New Leba- 
non; Rev. Archie Nevins officiating as- 
sisted by Rev. Robert Dillard. Bride a 

member of the New Lebanon Brethren 
Church; Groom a member of the Bryan 
First Brethren Church. 
Judith A. Sipes to Michael A. Duears, 
August 22, at the Linwood Brethren 
Church; Pastor Robert Keplinger officiat- 
ing. Members of the Linwood Brethren 

Lisa Rauber to LoweU Wiebe, August 
15, at the Derby First Brethren Church; 
Pastor Dennis E. Sigle officiating. Mem- 
bers of the Derby First Brethren Church. 


J. Gordon and Conjetta Harmon, 55th, 
January 1. Members of the Mt. Olive 
Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Masontown: 4 by baptism 

Meadow Crest: 2 by baptism 

Mt. Olive: 11 by baptism, 2 by transfer 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; Cor to such belongs the kingdom o( heaven" (Matt. 19:14)« 


Jesus often taught His disciples and the people who came to listen to Him by telling 
them stories. He told them stories about everyday things and happenings. The stories 
Jesus told are called parables. The parables helped the people understand what Jesus 
was telling them about God. 

A. Read the following parables in your Bible. 
Then draw lines from the reference to two 
things mentioned in the parable. 

1. Matthew 13:1-9 

2. Matthew 25:1 -10 

3. Luke 10:29-37 

4. Luke 15:3-7 

5. Luke 15:8-10 

a. oil 

b. corn 

c. seed 

d. inn 

e. 100 sheep 






B. Find and color the pictures. 

1. You read two stories about things that 
were lost. Find them below and color 
them gray. 

2. You read about a farmer planting some- 
thing. Find it and color it yellow. 

3. You read about a light. Find and color it 

4. Color the two pictures that are left 


C. Choose the word from the Word Box to finish the sentence. Write the word in the blank space 
in the sentence. 

1. A 

is a farmer. 

are young women. 

Word Box 

virgins thieves sower 
Samaritan shepherd 

3. A 

takes care of sheep. 

4. Another name for robbers is 

5. A kind person is sometimes called a Good 

January 1988 

Ashland Theological Library ^^ 
Ashland, Ohio 


Ordination Services Held For 
Crissman, Graetz, and Madison 

Three Brethren pastors were ordained 
as elders in The Brethren Church during 
November and December. Following are 
reports of their ordination services and a 
brief biography of each new elder. 

Darrell L. Crissman 

Gratis, Ohio — Darrell L. Crissman 
was ordained an elder in The Brethren 
Church and his wife, Linda, was con- 
secrated as the wife of an elder in a 
special service held Sunday, Novem- 
ber 22, at the First Brethren Church 
of Gratis, where Rev. Crissman serves 
as pastor. 

Retired Brethren pastor Elder Percy 
Miller presented the ordination mes- 
sage. Joining him in conducting the 
ordination of Rev. Crissman and the 
consecration of Mrs. Crissman were 
Elder William Kerner, supervisor of 
Home Missions for The Brethren 
Church, and Elder David Cooksey, 
Director of Pastoral Ministries for The 
Brethren Church. 

Also participating in the service was 
Wallace Michael, moderator of the 
Gratis Church. Special music was pre- 
sented by the Gratis Choir. 

The new Brethren elder was born 
October 6, 1960, in Kittanning, Pa., 
the son of Mr. and Mrs. Edward Allen 
Crissman. As a youth he attended the 
Brush Valley Brethren Church of 
Adrian, Pa., and Kittanning Senior 
High School, graduating from the lat- 
ter in 1978. 

He first heard the call of God into 
the ministry while serving on the 
BYC Summer Crusader music team in 
1977. But it wasn't until the following 

Rev. and Mrs. Darrell Crissman 

summer, after crusading as a camp in- 
tern, that he accepted this call. That 
fall he entered Geneva College, where 
he majored in philosophy and pre- 
ministerial studies, receiving a B.S. 
degree from this institution in 1982. 

He continued his preparation for the 
pastoral ministry at Ashland Theolog- 
ical Seminary, where his course of 
study in pastoral counseling and 
psychology included work at Case 
Western Reserve University and an 
internship at Cleveland Psychiatric 
Institute. He received his master of 
divinity degree from the seminary in 
May of 1986. 

Darrell and Linda Ann Wahr of Bay 
City, Michigan, were married in June 
1983. Darrell began his pastoral 
ministry at the Gratis First Brethren 
Church in the spring of 1986. 

David E. Graetz 

Marianna, Pa. — David Ellis Graetz 
was ordained an elder in The Brethren 
Church and his wife, Gale, was conse- 
crated the wife of an elder in a special 
service Sunday afternoon, November 
15, at the Highland Brethren Church, 
of which Rev. Graetz is the pastor. 

The ordination message, "A Bless- 
ing From Your Father," was given by 
David's father, Rev. Robert Graetz, 
Jr., a Lutheran pastor. Brethren eld- 
ers Russell King, Carl Phillips, and 
Smith Rose, assisted by David's 
father, conducted the laying on of 
hands and the ordination prayer for 
the new elder. 

Also participating in the service 
were Rev. William Widenhaupt, presi- 
dent of the Marianna Area Ministerial 
Association, A. Frank Shrontz, mod- 
erator of the Highland Church, and 
Richard Patterson, friend of Rev. 

Special music was presented by 
Miss Jody Majesky, Mrs. Belinda 
Friend led the congregational singing, 
and Mrs. Edith Shrontz played the 
prelude and the postlude. 

David Graetz (29) was born in 
Montgomery, Alabama, the fourth of 
seven children of Rev. and Mrs. Robert 
Graetz. He was graduated from West- 
erville High School in 1974 and later 
enlisted in the United States Navy, in 
which he served for four years. He 
then attended Circleville Bible Col- 
lege, from which he was graduated 
with honors in May 1983 with a B.A. 

degree in pastoral ministries. 

He continued his education at Ash- 
land Theological Seminary, from 
which he received a master of divinity 
degree in pastoral psychology and 
counseling in 1986. While attending 
seminary he became active in the Ash- 
land Garber Brethren Church, where 
he became a member of The Brethren 
Church. He was called to pastor the 
Highland Brethren Church in Sep- 
tember 1986. 

Rev. Graetz and his wife. Gale, have 
a daughter, Sarah Rebekah, bom Jan- 
uary 16, 1987. 

Kenneth J. Madison 

Kokomo, Ind. — Kenneth J. Madison 
was ordained a Brethren elder and his 
wife. Donna, was consecrated the wife 
of an elder in a service held Sunday, 
December 6, at the First Brethren 
Church of Kokomo, where Rev. Madi- 
son is the pastor. 

Elder Ralph Gibson, pastor of the 
Meadow Crest Brethren Church of 
Fort Wayne, Ind., delivered the ordi- 
nation message. Other Brethren eld- 
ers participating in the service were 
Rev. Robert Bischof (retired). Rev. 
Gene Eckerley (pastor of the Ardmore 
First Brethren Church), and Rev. 
Duane Dickson (pastor of the Hunt- 
ington First Brethren Church). 

Larry Surbey, moderator of the 

Kokomo congregation, read the action 

of the church calling for licensure and 

ordination. Gene and Linda Geaslen 

(continued on page 18) 


a ^ 6^ « 



by Alvin Shifttett 

Needed: New Management 

I HAVE a burning question: If 
Christianity is true (and I've cast 
my lot that it is), why are not all 
Christians obviously nicer than non- 

I'm tired of hearing people in busi- 
ness say, "I'd rather deal with a non- 
Christian than with a Christian any 
day." What does that say about our 
advertisement for the Lord? 

If that is the general feeling out in 
the marketplace, then it is obvious 
why the Christian church of today is 
not making more of an impact. Nor 
does the Gallup Poll's report that a 
goodly portion of our populace be- 
lieves in a Supreme Deity do the job 
— or even come close to doing it. 
After all, most of the people in the 
Greek and Roman Empires believed 
in some deity or deities. 

If Christianity doesn't make a rad- 
ical improvement, or at least a bent 
toward improvement, in a person's 
life, then that person's conversion is 

I know what you're thinking: You 
can't judge! The minute you judge 
you get into trouble. If you aren't 
careful, you end up being critical 
and hypocritical yourself 

Your fruit will show 

But there is something to be said 
for the words of our Lord, who 
suggested that one's fruit would 
eventually show. And it will. It may 
take awhile, but it will show. 

The fruit may be that this alleged 
Christian is just as hateful or as ob- 
noxious or as snobbish as always. In 
fact, he or she may not have made 

one step toward improvement — un- 
less we call feeling "religious" an 
improvement. Feeling religious 
doesn't necessarily mean that one 
has been genuinely converted. Feel- 
ings mean nothing unless a person's 
actual behavior changes for the bet- 
ter. I had the flu recently, and even 
though with each passing day I felt 
better, the thermometer showed that 
I was still sick! 

More than feelings 

Christianity is much more than 
feelings. It requires conversion. I 
heard someone say the other day 
that a certain lady was "quite" preg- 
nant. How can you be "quite" preg- 
nant? Either you are or you aren't 
pregnant. I think the speaker meant 
she was well along in her pregnancy 
term, but it sounded funny. The 
same is true of conversion. You can't 
be "quite" converted. Either you are 
converted or you aren't converted. It 
boils down to that. 

So we Christians need to know 
that when we behave badly the 
world is watching, just as when we 
behave like Christ the world is 
watching. We are what we adver- 
tise. Carelessness in our living 
might sink someone else, just as 
during WW II it was said that "A 
slip of the tongue could sink a ship!" 

The problem I see in all this is 
falling into the trap of failing to look 
for improvement. Christian Joe may 
have a sharper-poisoned tongue 
than Bill, a non-Christian. But the 
thing we need to know, if we're 
going to compare, is what was Joe 

like before he came under Christ's 
management? The major concern, 
then, is what does new management 
do? Every so often we see a sign in 
front of a store or restaurant that 
reads, "Under New Management." 
The implication, of course, is that 
whatever you found there before is 
gone. Now what you will find is bet- 
ter food and service, etc. If people 
begin to flock there, we know that 
the new management did the trick. 

The truth is, Joe and Bill — and 
the rest of us — all have the same 
problem. We all need saving. And 
that is precisely what God is about 
— that's why He's in the business. 
Not just to make nice guys out of us. 

It's like the story I read some- 
where about a little boy who had a 
toothache but who was afraid to tell 
his mother for fear she'd take him to 
the dentist. Evidently he'd been to 
the dentist before and knew from ex- 
perience that the dentist doesn't stop 
with one tooth. He starts fiddling 
around with the rest of them, dig- 
ging here and there, checking this 
and that. 

Give God an appointment, like the 
dentist, and He'll work you over 
good. One tooth may be all you 
asked Him to fix, but watch out. 
Next thing you know the whole set 
is gone! God has a full treatment for 
us — but salvation comes first. 

A different house 

It's as George MacDonald once 
said: Imagine living in a house that 
God comes to work on. At first, you 
sense that He's fixing the drains and 
the leaks in the roof Those things 
were needed, and you aren't sur- 
prised. But soon He starts knocking 
around in the house in a way that 
hurts abominably, and you can't un- 
derstand what God is up to. Eventu- 
ally you discover that He is building 
quite a different house from what 
you expected. He's putting on a new 
wing here, a tower there, adding a 
window here. You expected a cot- 
tage, but God is at the business of 
building a palace. 

And what really blows your mind 
is that God intends to come and live 
in it Himself, along with you! [+] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

February 1988 
Volume 110, Number 2 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


Morven Baker 


Phil Lersch 

John Maust 

Alvin Shifflett 

Children's Page 

Alberta Holsinger 

Editorial and 

Business Office 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) for The Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, OH 44805-3792. 
Authors' views are not neces- 
sarily those of The Brethren 
Church or the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company. 

Subscription Rates: One 

year, $8.50 for 100% church 
lists; $10.00 for church lists of 
five or more names; $10.50 
for individual subscriptions. 
Single-copy price, $1.00. 
Change of Address: Please 
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Manuscript Policy: While 
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manuscript is preferred. In- 
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envelope with all manuscripts. 
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Postmaster: Please send Form 
3579 to the Brethren Publish- 
ing Company, 524 College 
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Second Class Postage: Paid 
at Ashland, Ohio. 
Member: Evangelical Press 

February 1988 


First Days on the Mission Field by David and Diane Kerner 4 
Excerpts from letters the Kerners wrote to David's parents 
during their first month in Colombia, South America. 

Checklist For Church Safety 7 

Questions to help you assess the safety and security of your 
church facilities. 

Your Testimony: To Russia With Love by Barbara J. Hague 10 
A plan to use short-wave radio to share testimonies of 
American Christians with Russian listeners. 

Brethren Benevolent Care 


Ministry Pages: 

The Benevolent Board: Ready to Turn Some Corners 

by Doc Shank 

Brethren Care: A Look Back at 1987 by Darrel Barnes 12 

Why I Chose The Brethren's Home by Nancy Doud 13 

The Brethren's Home: Why a Not-For-Proflt Corporation? 14 

by Gene A. Geaslen 

Benevolent Board Stewardship by George Snyder 15 


The Salt Shaker 2 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Cartoon 6 

Let Us Be Brethren 8 

by Moderator Dale R. Stoffer 

Readers' Forum 9 

Update 16 

From the Grape Vine 18 

Little Crusader Page 19 

by Alberta Holsinger 

1988 Brethren Directory 

The 1988 Brethren Directory, which lists names, addresses, and tele- 
phone numbers of Brethren churches, Brethren pastors and elders, denomina- 
tional employees, and selected national auxiliary and district officers, was re- 
cently completed. Copies of this directory have been sent to all Brethren con- 
gregations and to Brethren pastors and elders. Others may obtain a copy by 
sending a request and $5.00 to the Brethren Church National Office, 524 Col- 
lege Avenue, Ashland, OH 44805. (Make checks payable to the Brethren 
Church National Office.) 

A Reminder: Church treasurers are reminded that all offerings and 
monies for World Relief should now be sent to the new treasurer, Rev. Ronald 
L. Waters, P.O. Box 246, Burlington, IN 46915. 
Answers to Little Crusader Page: 

A. 1. yes; 2. Yes; 3. Yes; 4. No; 5. Yes. 

B. 1. No; 2. Yes; 3. Yes; 4. No; 5. Yes. 

C. First heart: "Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all 
your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength." Second heart: 
"Love your neighbor as yourself." 

David and Diane Kerner tell about their 

First Days on the Mission Field 

What is it like for new missionaries when they 
first arrive on the mission field? The answer to that 
question will vary considerably, depending on the 
field of service, the missionaries themselves, and 
numerous other factors. But all new missionaries 
share some common experiences. They all experi- 
ence the excitement, challenges, and frustrations of 
unfamiliar surroundings, a different culture, a 
foreign language, and new (and perhaps less than 
ideal) living conditions. 

In the following article, you will encounter just 
these kinds of experiences, shared by David and 

Diane Kerner, new Brethren missionaries to Co- 
lombia, South America. The article is actually ex- 
cerpts from letters David and Diane wrote to Dave's 
parents. Rev. and Mrs. Bill Kerner of Ashland. The 
first letter was written just five days after the Ker- 
ners' arrival in Bogota, Colombia, on November 19, 
1987, and all five letters were written during their 
first month in Colombia. So they provide an im- 
mediate, first-hand view of the family's initial ex- 
periences on the mission field. The Kerners have 
two daughters — Erin, who will be three in April, 
and Karla, who was a year old last October. 

Tuesday, November 24 

I'm sitting upstairs in "Logan 
Manor"* waiting for supper. Here's 
an update of our arrival here: The 
flight from Columbus to Atlanta [on 
Thursday, November 19] took about 
two hours. We had a half hour wait 
at Atlanta before leaving for Miami. 
At dusk we landed in Miami and lit- 
erally ran, with bags and children 
flopping, from one end (Gate 36) to 
the other (Gate 13). We barely 
caught our flight. Both girls finally 
slept most of the two-hour-and-45- 
minute trip to Bogota. 

We wandered around the Bogota 
El Dorado airport for half an hour 
before we finally found the Immigra- 
tion Booth. At the luggage pick-up 
the Logan kids were outside waving 
a huge "Welcome" sign. Our luggage 
didn't arrive until Friday at 10:00 
p.m., and the suitcase with the insu- 
lin, Diane's skirts, and most of the 
girls' dresses disappeared until Sun- 
day afternoon — with no explana- 
tion. Everything was intact when it 

Friday morning Diane and I 
walked about ten blocks each way 
with Chantal to register for the six- 
week (four hours per day) language 
classes at Universidad Javeriana. 

Sunday morning we all piled into 
the SERVICOM-owned, '64 VW van 
and roared madly across Bogota to 
the church. Traffic hei'e is kamikaze. 
It makes Chicago look like a kid's 
ride at the fair. 

*The home of Brethren missionaries 
Mark and Chantal Logan and their 
three children, Rebecca (16), John Mark 
(14), and Lawrence (12). 

The church here meets in a home. 
Perhaps 17 came for the morning 
classes and 25 for the evening wor- 
ship. Mark Logan does an excellent 
job of both teaching classes and lead- 
ing a Bible-study type worship serv- 
ice. We finished the day by getting 
home about 10:00 p.m. Then it was 
up at six o'clock Monday morning 
for our ten-block walk to language 

At the university we took both 
written and oral exams. Diane was 
placed in Level I (beginning) while I 

— by what must have been a fluke 

— made the Advanced Studies class. 
We're both learning a great deal. 
Last Friday I tried to read the news- 
paper and was dismayed to realize 
how little of it I could decipher. 
Today our class assignment was to 
study the editorial and political 
pages of the paper, so I sat down and 
read the entire editorial page, look- 
ing up only a dozen wor(is. All this 
to say we're getting on our feet. 

The Logans have been wonderful 
in providing a home, transportation, 
and advice; putting up with kids 
screaming in the night; supplying 
baby-sitting while we're in class. 
Their three children go out of their 
way to play with Erin and Karla. 

Erin is doing very well. She's a 
great little traveler and loves 
Bogota, with all its noise and color. 
She's quite upset, however, that sud- 
denly she can't understand the 
people. Karla is just plain out-of- 
sorts, poor little kid. I feel badly for 
her with everything so different, 
from food to schedules. She cries 
quite a bit. Diane and I try to take 
the girls for walks each afternoon 

and then have devotions with them 
before supper. 

The Logans rent a 1940's-era 
mansion in what used to be a 
wealthy area of town. It needs a lot 
of work. We occupy two rooms up- 
stairs, one for Diane and me and one 
with bunk beds for the girls. 

We've all stayed healthy so far. 
Chantal boils our water, although 
she insists there is nothing wrong 
with the city water. 

We're still lining up various re- 
quired "foreigner" I.D. cards. Yester- 
day we were fingerprinted by the 
Colombian CIA. Friday we will pick 
up the I.D. cards there. We also have 
a file for financial I.D. cards before 
we can set up any bank accounts. I 
dread getting a driver's license here. 
Even more, I dread driving! 

It's great that we can live with 
Logan's because, were we on our 
own, we'd be in a mess. It's amazing 
how two cultures, which on the sur- 
face appear rather similar, can in re- 
ality be so utterly different. So many 
things we took for granted in the 
States are either difficult to do or 
are unobtainable here. For instance, 
mailing letters and doing banking 
are terribly frustrating and time- 
consuming. There's no such thing as 
a complete hardware store or a K- 
Mart, where you can find nearly 
anything. Here you find one tiny, 
family-owned shop after another. So 
shopping takes forever. It's also hard 
to stay clean what with smog, buses, 
and donkey dirt everywhere. 

Ray Aspinall arrives Sunday 
(Nov. 29) and we'll meet with la 
junta to see where they want us. We 
hope to stay in Bogota. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Diane adds: I've appreciated hav- 
ing some of the pressure eased here, 
since Chantal does the shopping and 
cooking, and the maid does the 
cleaning and laundry. It is a good 
thing, because Karla does cry a lot. 
Nothing seems to calm her down ex- 
cept going for walks. 

Tuesday, December 1 

Since I wrote a week ago, things 
have begun to settle into a routine. 
Erin loves both Mark and John 
Mark. Her face lights up whenever 
she sees them. She also enjoys Re- 
becca, who takes her for walks every 
day and plays with her a lot. Re- 
becca also teaches Erin's Sunday 
school class. At the Villa del Rio 
Church is a beautiful, 3V2-year-old 
girl named Angelica, who right 
away made friends with Erin. After 
two Sundays together, Erin is al- 
ready learning new Spanish words 
like gracias and aqui (here). Erin 
seems to have adjusted very well to 
things already. 

Karla has begun to relax a bit by 
now. She cries much less, and she 
thinks Chantal is great. She's begin- 
ning to feel secure enough to play 
with toys instead of having to be 
held all the time. But I still have to 
lie down with her at night until she 
falls asleep. 

Everyone goes to bed about 9:00 
p.m., and we meet for breakfast and 
devotions at 6:30 a.m. Then Diane 
and I leave for our walk to school 
about 7:30. 

Diane and I love the church (actu- 
ally still only a class until it has 15 
baptized members above the age of 
18) at Villa del Rio. Villa del Rio 
(meaning River Village), is a vast 
expanse of new housing on the very 
outskirts of the city. The church 
meets in the home of one couple, 
Fabio and Claudia Rodriguez. Can 
you imagine cleaning your entire 
house for church meetings, with 
classes in each bedroom and even a 
class of five in a small kitchen? Yet 
this couple is thrilled to have the 
church meet there. 

On Sunday (Nov. 29) Ray and 
Marilyn Aspinall arrived for the 
Asemblea Nacional (national church 
conference) to be held at Medellin 
Dec. 4. Ray and Mark will discuss 
our placement with the leadership 
in Medellin. Ray would like to see us 

The Kerners' 
first Sunday 
in Colombia 
(I. to r.. 
Karla, Diane, 
Dave, Erinl. 
The picture 
was taken in 
the home of 
Fabio and 
Claudia Rod- 
riguez, meet- 
ing-place of 
the Villa del 
Rio congrega- 
tion, Bogota. 
Notice the 
church's wel- 
come sign for 
the Kerners 
at the right. 

Photo by Mark Logan. 

in Medellin, but feels we must be al- 
lowed to stay clear of significant re- 
sponsibilites for a year, devoting the 
year to language acquisition. If it's 
decided to place us in Medellin, we'll 
move in January or February. 

At least until the New Year, we'll 
be living with Logans. Chantal is an 
excellent cook — not fancy, but ba- 
lanced and delicious. She still boils 
all our water. The Logans have been 
wonderful to us, and they've helped 
us immensely. Their children have 
all grown to be spiritually, emotion- 
ally, and academically impressive 
young adults. They really treat our 
girls like sisters. 

Monday, December 7 

We have a hard time believing it's 
December, since we're still wearing 
summer and fall clothing. It just 
doesn't seem like the Christmas sea- 
son at all. 

Karla has settled down considera- 
bly by now. She's her active, adven- 
turous, careless, happy self again. 
And already getting bumped and 
skinned up as she runs and falls. All 
the church people, both here and at 
Medellin, think the girls are great. 
Diane and I have become good 
friends with Fabio and Claudia Rod- 
riguez. They're our age, our height, 
well-read, and lots of fun. They've 
adopted us as family. 

Mark and Chantal continue to 
amaze us with both their energy and 
their hospitality. Mark is a worker 
and very capable at nearly any- 
thing. Chantal is the planner and 

goal-setter for the Colombian 
Church. She and I will work to- 
gether on stategies and goals for the 
mission. I think we have been an 
emotional help to Mark and Chan- 
tal. They enjoy having long talks 
with us over (yechh!) coffee. The four 
of us have quite a bit of fun to- 
gether. They really needed someone 
here with them. 

On Friday I rode with the As- 
pinalls, Mark, and the Rodriguez 
family for lO'/a hours to Medellin for 
the annual church conference. The 
scenery was beautiful, the roads 
hideous, and the ride exhilarating. I 
felt much closer to the Lord by the 
time we arrived! The mountains 
were full of mud slides and falling 
rocks, some of which happened right 
in front of us or right behind us. 
Then it got dark, and started rain- 
ing, which added to the terrer ad- 

We arrived safely at 1:00 a.m. 
and, of course, had to have Unto (cof- 
fee and bread) with our hosts. We 
feel into bed at 2:30 a.m., exhausted 
and covered with oil from stopping 
every 50 km. to fix the VW, some- 
times in the rain, other times ankle- 
deep in mud, once in the middle of 
the road on a hair-pin curve. I think 
I'm learning a great deal about fer- 
vent praying — and VW engines. 

On Saturday morning Chantal, 
Diane, and our girls flew into Medel- 
lin, ($25 for the 20-minute flight), 
and we stayed in a very nice hotel in 
the heart of the city. We had a room 
with five beds, color TV, and a large 

February 1988 

bathroom, all for 3,500 pesos (about 
$12.00). Mark and Chantal drove us 
all over Medellin. It is lovely! The 
people are much less formal, and 
friendlier, than in Bogota, like the 
difference between Philadelphia and 
Indianapolis. Medillin (3.5 million 
people) is much cleaner and neater 
than Bogota. 

Sunday we all met at the church 
at Camp Valdez, the larger of the 
two buildings owned in Medellin. 
About 65 people attended, with Ray 
Aspinall bringing the message and 
Mark acting as moderator. Mark 
was reelected moderator; Chantal, 
financial secretary; and I was offi- 
cially appointed to the Consejo 
Ancionos (the Council of Elders). I'm 
ineligible for any other position or 
responsibility for one full year. 

Mark drove our family tp the air- 
port about supper-time — 50 miles of 
IV2 lane, mountain curves. Diane 
and I both turned green. We flew to 
Bogota and took a taxi home. 
Everyone else is driving home to- 
morrow (the VW is in the shop 
today). Diane and I are both sick 
today — we think from the noon 
meal yesterday. 

In Medellin taking taxis is cheap, 
but buying cars is expensive. The 
taxi costs maybe $.75 from 
downtown to the outskirts, and the 
buses are fast and efficient, and at 
23 pesos, less than $.08 a ride. So we 
may not bother with a car, unless we 
see that owning one would really 
help. Never thought I'd see the day 
I'd rather walk than own a car! 

Tuesday, December 8 

It's a beautiful day, very sunny, 
mid-70's, and the mountains are free 
of the usual sunny-day smog. Today 
is a national holiday, so we are 

home, free of classes. I'm going to 
put in 6 to 8 hours of study because 
I'm behind in Spanish. I'm struggl- 
ing with the higher class. 

Somehow I never believed lan- 
guage-learning would be this much 
work. It certainly increases my re- 
spect for people like Mark and the 
Aspinalls, because they didn't magi- 
cally acquire their use of Spanish 
either. They've put in a lot of long 
hours of work to gain their profi- 

Yes, I'm very impatient with this 
(language-learning). In the States 
one of my strengths was my ability 
to express myself Here? I can't say 
much. So I suppose I'm sort of 
struggling to establish my identity 
and my worth here. But we haven't 
been here three weeks yet, and 
much of the usage can only be 
picked up with time. Another six 
months will make a big difference. 
I surely admire Diane's attitude. 
Nothing ruffles her feathers, and to 
her everything is just easy fun. She's 
much more confident and doesn't 
mind sounding foolish if she's trying 
to say something. 

I took the bus downtown to pick 
up our Security I.D. cards. Our 
goods arrived at customs today, so 
tomorrow we'll start the paper work 
to get everything released. 

Monday, December 14 

Diane writes: How good it was to 
finally hear from the family today! 
Mail between countries is very un- 
predictable. We had sent three or 
four letters to you before we had re- 
ceived any. 

Our barrels have arrived, but 
we'll be very lucky if we can get 
them out of customs before Christ- 
mas. Everything goes through such 

a long process here. We're sure to 
learn patience living in Colombia. 

Dave continues: The peso/dollar 
exchange rate is about 260:1 right 
now, so one can roughly compute 
prices at 250:1. I'm surprised at how 
automatic that whole process has be- 
come, and how quickly we've 
adapted to the different monetary 

The intensive language classes 
end this Friday. We're not certain 
whether or not we'll be taking 
another class. The next course be- 
gins in March. Chantal is searching 
for a tutor to work with us each af- 
ternoon. I'm learning more Spanish 
out on the town as I run errands, 
shop, and read the newspaper. I 
really feel at home here. 

Neither Diane nor I feel as if we 
stand out as gringos. We're just like 
everyone else in the stores or on the 

Karla is getting along really well 
now. She puts quite a few phrases 
together, and speaks quite dis- 
tinctly. With a little luck and lots of 
prayer, she may even sleep through 
the night sometime before the New 
Year arrives. 

With luck we'll have our financial 
I.D. cards this week, so we can fi- 
nally set up a checking account in 
pesos, instead of going through 
Chantal to exchange money every 
week. One more step toward inde- 
pendence! Then we'd like to get into 
a home of our own. In some ways liv- 
ing in this household is great. We're 
accepted and loved. We have food 
provided, and the laundry taken 
care of We can ask all kinds of ques- 
tions and get solid explanations. But 
we feel we make a lot of bother for 
the Logans, and we'd like to see if 
we can make it on our own. [t] 

Pontius' Puddle 

ByH.7 7o, lANi ?RO0iECT\ONS 
RESOLT |M A l(=,.1'7. 

WORK 10 

5L0&&lMG-'% IS OP 15 



X KMOW n's It^ , 



The Brethren Evangelist 

v^ Checklist 

For Church Safety 

Have you given any thought to the 
safety of your church building re- 
cently? Accidents happen around the 
church building, just as they occur 
everywhere else. 

Some accidents could be avoided if 
we showed more concern about the 
safety of our church facilities. And get- 
ting us to show that concern is one of 
the purposes of National Safety Sab- 
bath, scheduled for the weekend of 
February 11-14 and sponsored by the 
National Safety Council. 

As part of this year's promotion of 
Safety Sabbath, the National Safety 
Council made available a "Safety and 
Security Checklist for Churches," pre- 
pared by The American Baptist Exten- 
sion Corporation. The questions on 
that checklist are printed below. 

While concern for the safety of our 
church facilities is primarily the task 
of the trustees (trustees are urged to 
clip and save this checklist for future 
use), each of us can share in this re- 
sponsibility by taking note of safety 
hazards and calling them to the atten- 
tion of the trustees. 

So have a look at the following 
checklist, and see how your church 
facilities measure up. 

Sidewalks and parking areas 

Are all areas free of conditions 
which will cause slipping and falling? 

Is their adequate exterior lighting 
at night? 

Are all steps and ramps provided 
with securely fastened handrails? 


Are all exits: 

a. free of obstructions and readily 

b. properly marked with exit signs 
and lighted? 

c. equipped with an emergency 
lighting system in good operating 

Are all fire escapes (if any) in good 

Stairs and doors 

Are stairs covered with anti-slip 

Are all handrails securely fas- 

Are full-length clear glass doors 
and windows marked to avoid some- 
one walking into them? 

Are stairway doors kept closed 
when not in use? 


Are hoods, ducts, ovens, ranges, 
and filters cleaned on a regular 

Is the automatic fire extinguish- 
ing system inspected and main- 
tained by contract? 


Are metal waste baskets provided 
in each room. 
Is combustible trash and rubbish: 

a. collected at frequent intervals? 

b. stored in covered metal contain- 

c. disposed of frequently and not 

Are storage and supply rooms 
neat and orderly? 
Are flammable paints and liquids: 

a. kept to an absolute minimum? 

b. kept in sealed metal containers? 

c. stored in vented metal cabinets? 
Are only non-flammable cleaning 

materials used? 

Are all public areas checked thor- 
oughly for fire hazards after closing? 

Are pipe organ chambers kept 
neat and orderly? 

Are all closets free of oil mops and 
flammable materials? 

Light, power, heat, and appliances 

Is all heating equipment (includ- 
ing flues and pipes): 
a. properly insulated from combus- 
tible materials? 

b. cleaned and serviced at least an- 
nually by a competent heating con- 

Are electrical, heating, and air 
conditioning rooms: 

a. restricted to only authorized per- 

b. free of combustible storage? 

Are there indications of frequent 
replacement of fuses and/or reset- 
ting of circuit breakers which would 
indicate overloading of electrical cir- 

Are electrical cabinets kept closed? 

Are electrical extension and ap- 
pliance cords in good condition? 

Has the electrical system been 
checked and serviced by a competent 
electrician within the past year? 

Is air conditioning equipment 
cleaned and serviced annually by a 
competent serviceman? 

Are all motors kept clean and 
adequately ventilated to reduce 

Are all electrical appliances prop- 
erly grounded? 


Are all fire extinguishers: 

a. serviced annually and tagged 
with the date of last service? 

b. conspicuously located and easily 

c. hung within 75 feet of any point 
on each floor except where a 
lesser distance is required for a 
more hazardous area? 

d. protected against freezing? 

Are periodic tests and inspections 
made of the following to insure their 
proper operation: 

a. fire hoses? 

b. automatic sprinkler system? 

c. smoke detectors and/or the fire 
alarm system? 

Are residents in the immediate 
area and police asked to keep an eye 
out for suspicious activities? 

Is the building locked when no one 
is on the premises? 

Has the telephone number of the 
fire department been posted con- 
spicuously on the telephones? 

Money and valuables 

Are money collections: 

a. deposited the same day in a bank 
night depository, or 

b. stored in a burglar-resistive safe 
until deposited? 

Is valuable equipment stored in a 
secured area when not in use? [t] 

February 1988 

Let Us Be Brethren 

"For one is your Master, even Christ; 
and all ye are brethren. " 

Matthew 23:8 

"The Harvest is Plentiful 

But the Workers are Few" 

By Moderator Dale R. Stoffer 

As I SURVEY the leadership 
needs of The Brethren Church, 
I feel at times as Jesus must have 
felt as He surveyed the seemingly 
endless needs of the crowds. They 
seemed like sheep without a 
shepherd, and this caused Jesus to 
say to His disciples: "The harvest is 
plentiful but the workers are few. 
Ask the Lord of the harvest, there- 
fore, to send out workers into his 
harvest field" (Matt. 9:37-38, NIV). 

An urgent need for prayer 

When I consider The Brethren 
Church's need for more church plant- 
ers; for a number of pastors to fill 
the ranks of those who will retire in 
the next several years; for qualified 
leaders at the national level and 
teachers at the seminary; and for ad- 
ditional missionaries, I sense an ur- 
gency to be in prayer that the Lord 
of the harvest will provide workers 
for His field in The Brethren 

We all know that the future of the 
church rests in its youth. The pres- 
ent generation of young people will 
be the one that guides the church 
during the first third of the 21st cen- 
tury. The church must realize this 
and see to it that it is providing 
those young people the best training 
and spiritual preparation possible. 
To fail here is not only to fail our 
youth, but also to put our future in 

Several years ago The Brethren 
Church had the luxury of seeing 

nearly all it pastorates filled. Some 
questioned the need for continuing 
to call young people to the ministry 
because they would not have posi- 
tions in which to serve. This "prob- 
lem" was quickly "solved," however, 
by a drought of recruits for pastoral 
ministry, the retirement of several 
men, and a fair number of pastors 
moving to other positions both in- 
side and outside our denomination. 
Let us never be lulled into think- 
ing that we ever have enough pas- 
tors. There will always be a place for 
the dedicated pastor. And if every 
pastor works a little harder and 
stays a little longer at his present 
church because there is more com- 
petition, the entire church, includ- 
ing pastors, will benefit. 

An encouraging increase 

I find it encouraging that there 
has been a dramatic increase in the 
numer of Brethren students training 
at Ashland Theological Seminary 
over the last two years. Presently 21 
Brethren students are at the semi- 
nary. Of these 21 students, however, 
a number have come from non- 
Brethren backgrounds (the semi- 
nary continues to be a prime means 
of recruitment), three are already 
serving Brethren congregations, 
while only seven others plan to 
enter the pastoral ministry. Let us 
pray that the numbers of people 
being trained for service to the 
church in all areas of ministry will 
continue to grow! 

Permit me to make several obser- 
vations and recommendations re- 
lated to recruitment. Traditionally, 
Brethren pastoral recruitment in- 
volved both individual and corporate 
elements. Though an individual 
might sense God's call in his life, the 
congregation also played a major 
role in calling young people who 
were considered promising leaders. 
(Sometimes these young people had 
no thought of being pastors prior to 
the congregation's call.) 

Today, however, congregational 
involvement in the calling process is 
minimal. It is limited to: (1) some 
pastors, Sunday school teachers, 
deacons, and other leaders who still 
feel that challenging young people 
to ministry is important; and (2) giv- 
ing a "stamp of approval" to nearly 
anyone who feels God is calling him 
to ministry (though our expanded 
examination procedures at the dis- 
trict and national levels help to 
screen out those not qualified). 

I would encourage every church to 
become more active in the calling 
process. I heartily endorse the Goals 
Committee's recommendation that 
pastors preach at least one sermon a 
year challenging their people to full- 
time ministry. But I would also call 
upon church leaders at all levels of 
the denomination to plant seeds in 
the minds and hearts of our most 
promising young people to consider 
pastoral and missionary service. 

Life work recruiters 

I am thankful to the generation of 
Brethren pastors who are now in 
their 50's, 60's, and 70's who chal- 
lenged my generation with the con- 
cept of ministry through the Life 
Work Recruit (LWR) program. It is 
because of men like Charles Mun- 
son, Joe Shultz, George Solomon, 
Virgil Meyer, Bud Hamel, and 
others that many in my generation, 
including me, are in the ministry 

Whatever the shortcomings of this 
program may have been, it served as 
a means to awaken interest in pas- 
toral and missionary service. It also 
provided those who committed their 
lives to "full-time Christian service" 
with fellowship and support as well 
as an opportunity to rub shoulders 
with leaders who, in retrospect, left 
a lasting impression upon many like 
(continued on next page) 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Readers' Forum 

A column in which readers can share their thoughts and views with the Brethren. 

In Support of 

Congregational Tithing 

I am writing in regard to the article 
"Congregational Stewardship" by 
Reilly Smith, which appeared in the 
December issue of the Evangelist. 

The Cameron First Brethren 
Church in Cameron, West Virginia, 
has been tithing since the third quar- 
ter of 1985. Not only do we tithe from 
our offerings, but all of our auxiliaries 
(WMS and BYC) tithe of all of their 
income. The Lord has blessed us great- 
ly for this. We are not as large as 
many Brethren churches, but the Lord 
has enabled us to take care of all that 
needs taken care of 

Tithing has made us more aware of 
what God expects of us. We were very 
happy to see Mr. Smith's article, and 
we are glad this subject has been 
brought to everyone's attention. We 
encourage all who are not participat- 
ing in tithing to begin doing so. You 
will be greatly blessed. 
The Cameron First Brethren Church 

A Second Opinion 

I would like to express my total sup- 
port for a new plan for denominational 
stewardship as outlined in the De- 
cember Evangelist, page 8. My wife 

Let Us Be Brethren 

(continued from previous page) 
me. I am committed to seeing some 
such program reestablished because 
so much of our future rests upon the 
quality of leaders who are called to 

A church that is not concerned 
about calling future leaders or about 
praying to the Lord of the harvest 
for workers is willing not only not to 
grow but also to die a slow death. 
Let us be Brethren by being actively 
involved with the Lord in challeng- 
ing the minds and hearts of our 
people with the call to labor in the 
Lord's harvest fields. [+] 

Most people never see a miracle be- 
cause they never tackle anything that 
takes a miracle. God doesn't waste His 

— Dr. Bob Pierce 

and I have tithed to our local church 
since our marriage, now of I2V2 years, 
and we have always been and con- 
tinue to be blessed in many ways. 
Hillcrest Brethren Church [Dayton, 
Ohio] has discussed a similar plan, 
but decided to continue with the 
present situation. I hope that a plan 

of this type could be adopted for local 
and denominational use. 

Doug Aldstadt, M.D. 
Englewood, Ohio 

If you have views on this or any other 
topic dealt with in a recent issue of the 
Evangelist, you are invited to share them 
via this forum. The Editor. 

In Loving Tribute To 
Jeannette R. Solomon 

1928- 1987 

Upon Her Coronation 

Mrs. Kenneth (Jeannette) Solomon 
went home to be with her Lord and 
Savior Jesus Christ on Tuesday, De- 
cember 29, 19.H7. She died in the 
early morn- ^ 
ing hours , 
while she 
slept. She 
was the 
former Jean- 1 
nette De- 
daughter of 
(former pro- 
fessor of lan- 
guages at 

Ashland - -» '- 

College) and Margaret DeLozier 
(both of whom preceded her in 

With her husband Ken, Jeannette 
served Brethren churches in Ohio 
(Garber Memorial, Williamstown, 
and Fremont), as a missionary in 
Argentina and Colombia, and as a 
home missionary with La Iglesia 
Hispana de los Hermanos (the His- 
panic Brethren Church) in Sarasota, 

Jeannette Solomon loved Jesus 
and His Church. Nothing except a 
serious illness ever kept her from at- 
tending its services. Today we recall 
her gracious spirit, her personal 
charm, her gentle manner, and her 
unfailing kindness and courtesy. We 
will miss her friendship on earth, but 
we rejoice in her entry into the glory 
of Heaven. Thanks be unto God, 
which giveth us the victory through 

our Lord Jesus Christ. 

It is impossible to tell how many 
tears she wiped away and how many 
souls she was instrumental in lead- 
ing to Jesus by her faithfulness to 
His church and through her ministry 
as the wife of a pastor and mission- 
ary. Her influence for Christ will 
never cease! 

The Bible says, "Eye hath not 
seen, nor ear heard, neither have en- 
tered into the heart of man, the 
things which God hath prepared for 
them that love him." One of the con- 
sequences of such a godly life is the 
enduring memory of 36 V2 beautiful 
years of marriage. Jeannette and 
Rev. Solomon knew a harmony and 
unity together that comes from a 
Christ-honoring marriage of mutual 
love and devotion. Wherever he 
served as a pastor and missionary, 
the people loved her and appreciated 
the sweet fragrance of her dedicated, 
unselfish life. 

Favor is deceitful, and beauty 

IS vain: 
but a woman that feareth the Lord, 
she shall be praised. 

— Proverbs 31:30 

Survivors include her husband, 
Rev. Kenneth L. Solomon; two 
daughters, Rebecca S. Abbott of 
Augurndale, Fla., and Margaret M. 
Dodds of Asheville, N.C.; two sons, 
Timothy L. of Sarasota, and Joel A. 
of Springfield, Mo.; a sister, Dorcas 
Humm of Plain City, Ohio; and five 
grandchildren — David, Kristi, 
Jonathan, Lisa, and Stephen. 

Dr. J.D. Hamel, Senior Pastor, 
Sarasota First Brethren Church 

February 1988 

IF you had the chance to meet with 
someone from the Soviet Union 
and wanted to tell them the most ex- 
citing thing that has happened in 
your life, what would you say? 

Or suppose you had the chance to 
sit in front of a radio microphone 
and could be heard by 260 million 
people in the Soviet Union, what 
would you say? Would you tell them 
what Jesus means to you? 

The Far East Broadcasting Com- 
pany of La Mirada, California, has 
launched a drive to collect, trans- 
late, and broadcast personal tes- 
timonies to the citizens of the Soviet 
Union. FEBC hopes to place 
thousands of Christian testimonies 
on-the-air to Russia. 

Dr. Robert H. Bowman, president 
and co-founder of FEBC, said, 
"Never before, to our knowledge, has 
there been an attempt to encourage 
thousands of American Christians to 
communicate their faith to millions 
of Soviets by giving their personal 
testimonies over the radio. 

"We are excited about this power- 
ful person-to-person ministry from 
the United States to the USSR. 

"The Russian people are searching 
for answers," Dr. Bowman ex- 

"FEBC receives many responses 
from Russians to its programs de- 
spite the Soviet government's at- 
tempt at censorship." 

Many of the writers are young 
people," Dr. Bowman continued. 
"We believe this new generation is 
disillusioned with the Marxist 
ideologies which have left them with 
no answers to the world around 

FEBC is a world-wide network of 
32 powerful AM, FM, and shortwave 
stations dedicated to "Proclaiming 


Your Testimony: 
To Russia with Love 

Christ to the World by Radio," 
which has been the ministry's motto 
since its beginning in 1945. 

Over 9,000 hours of programs are 
produced and broadcast in 100 lan- 
guages each month from FEBC sta- 
tions in five countries. The sophisti- 
cated high-gain shortwave antenna 
systems literally saturate two-thirds 
of the world with the Gospel. 

Soviets want to know 
about American life 

Many Soviets desire to know what 
life is like in the Western world. 
Sharing personal feelings and ex- 
periences is one way of letting 
Soviet listeners know that we also 
face struggles and problems, and 
that solutions can be found in Jesus. 

"Each person has a unique and 
beautiful story of how he came to 
know the Lord," says Ken Click, 
FEBC's director of outreach and 
promoter of the idea. "That story 
needs to be heard in Russia." 

Any North American Christian 
can communicate with listeners in 
the Soviet Union by participating in 
this program. 

Jack Koziol, director of FEBC's 
Russian programming department, 
states, "We believe that sharing 
one's personal testimony over the 
radio with Russian listeners is an 
excellent way to encourage believ- 
ers, and share the Good News with 
those who are not." 

FEBC's Russian department has 
even developed a special radio pro- 
gram based upon the personal tes- 
timonies. Often the testimony is in- 
troduced with music and a short 
statement about the writer's city or 

For example, a testimony from 
someone in Kansas could be intro- 

By Barbara J. Hague 

duced by telling the Soviet listeners 
that Kansas is a great farming 
state. "This tells a little about where 
the person is from," Click explains. 
"And it gives the listeners some- 
thing to which they can relate." 

But why radio 
and not television? 

Outside of North America and 
western Europe, it's radio — not 
television — that is the main source 
of non-printed mass communication. 

According to the United States 
State Department, there is at least 
one radio for every seven persons in 
the Soviet Union. Because the USSR 
spans 11 time zones, radio — and 
specifically, shortwave — is the 
most important tool of communica- 
tion to the Soviet people. 

"The Soviet citizen today grows up 
in a world of atheism and paranoia," 
Click stated. "But yet, we know 
many, many Soviets — especially 
the youth — listen to Christian 
radio because Marxism leaves them 
without hope." 

FEBC has found that American 
Christians wish they could have a 
way to personally share Christ with 
the Russians and do something to 
improve relations between the two 

"Broadcasting thousands of per- 
sonal testimonies, as FEBC has 
begun to do, has all the elements of 
a grass-roots level initiative that 
can cross cultural, linguistic, and 
philisophical barriers to affect indi- 
viduals in all levels of Soviet soci- 
ety," Click adds. 

Letters from Soviet listeners 

The listener response FEBC re- 
ceives from the Soviet Union weaves 
a common thread. Many request 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Bibles and information about ques- 
tions concerning life and Christian- 
ity. And almost all express the risks 
they take to send a letter to the 
United States. 

FEBC's Russian programming 
staff answers each one, accommodat- 
ing as many requests for Bibles, 
tapes, and literature as possible. 

One Soviet listener recently 
wrote: "I am 22 years of age, but 
only four years old in the Lord. Of 
these I served two years in the re- 
quired military service. It was there 
that sometimes I had the opportun- 
ity to hear the radio broadcasts. I 
was drenched with tears of joy and 
my heart was filled to overflowing 
as I listened to your broadcasts." 

The letter continued: "As I was 
sailing through the stormy sea of 
life, I was able to receive a great in- 
flow of spiritual and physical 
strength. I dedicated my strength to 
the Lord Jesus Christ. Oh, how 
many times through your radio 
broadcasts God quieted my soul. 

"He has brought joy, salvation, 
and satisfaction into my life. I am 
expressing this gratitude not only 
for me, but also for many churches 
in the Far East," his letter added. 

The opportunity has now been 
made available for normal, "every- 
day" Christians to spread the Good 
News to Russians by telling them 

what Jesus has personally done in 
their lives! 

They need to hear your story! 

In order for this program to be 
effective, each testimony must be 
clear and concise. Therefore, tes- 
timonies must be limited to 100 
words or less. 

Most people are surprised when 
they find out how much can be com- 
municated in a few words if some 
guidelines are followed: 

Each personal testimony needs a 
brief explanation of the person's 
character and feelings before becom- 
ing a Christian; second, the events 
that led to accepting Christ; and 
then, how the person feels now, fol- 
lowing Jesus as Lord and Savior. 

Advertisement for Jesus 

"When a person takes the time to 
write out his testimony in 100 words 
or less, it will help him be prepared 
to witness more effectively in any 
day-to-day situation right here at 
home or around the globe," Click ob- 

"One reason we fail to witness is 
that we are not prepared. Important 
elements of our own salvation must 
be carefully sorted out and logically 
presented," he continued. 

It is important to be prepared to 
tell people about Jesus through a 
short message that the listener can 

Many Russians, like the two 
men at the left, are seeking an- 
swers and listen to gospel 
broadcasts. Helping get the 
gospel to them is Jack Koziol 
(below rt.), director of FEBC's 
Russian Program Dept. 

clearly understand and remember. 

"The United States is a TV-com- 
mercial-oriented society," Click con- 
tinues. "Many messages are com- 
municated in 60 seconds or less. A 
typical social contact does not give 
us much time. 

"This 'micro-program' which con- 
sists of a short testimoney is a com- 
mercial of sorts," Click explains. 
"When a person can write his tes- 
timony in 100 words or less, he will 
be prepared to give a 60-second 'ad- 
vertisement' for Jesus . . . anywhere, 

A favorite passage of Scripture 
may be substituted in place of a per- 
sonal testimony, if a person desires. 
"Soviet listeners will be encouraged 
by the favorite verse of many Ameri- 
can Christians," Click adds. 

Each participant will receive a 
printed copy of his or her testimony 
or verse in Russian. Participants 
will also be notified when their tes- 
timonies have been broadcast. 

Participation does not end here. 
Those who submit testimonies or 
verses to FEBC will also receive up- 
dated information about FEBC's 
radio ministry — of which they have 
become a part — and how it affects 
the Soviet Union. 

Let the Soviets hear your tes- 
timony on the radio! Tell them what 
Jesus has done for you, or share 
your favorite Bible verse! [t] 

If you are interested in participating in this 
program, simply send your testimony of 100 
words or less, or a favorite Bible verse to: Far 
East Broadcasting Company, Box 1, La 
Mirada, CA 90637. Include your name, ad- 
dress, and age when you write. 

February 1988 


R Brethren Benevolent Care 

The Benevolent Board: 
Ready to Turn Some Corners 

IT BEGAN with a few people 
expressing a desire to help 
others. They were joined by more 
people, and in a few years Brethren 
Benevolences were at work. At 
first their help was limited to re- 
tired pastors and to widows of pas- 
tors. But a need for further help 
was evident. The Brethren on a 
small scale provided some retire- 
ment homes. Then it was on to 
nursing homes. Next came another 
retirement complex. 

The Brethren's Home at Flora, 
Ind., Brethren Care in Ashland, 
Ohio, and the Buckeye Apartments 

By Rev. Doc Shank, President, 

in Ashland have provided much- 
needed facilities and help. For 
these we are grateful. 

The Benevolent Board is now 
ready to turn some corners and to 
try some new ventures. At a recent 
meeting, the Board agreed to sell 
Buckeye Apartments. All present 
contracts will be honored by who- 
ever purchases the Apartments. 
The Board has also decided to 
divest itself of the two homes. 
Plans are being made to do this 
first with The Brethren's Home at 
Flora and then with Brethren Care 
at Ashland. 

The Board appreciates the part 
The Brethren Church has played 
through the years in bringing us to 
this point. Your gifts, labors of 
love, and prayers have been most 
helpful. We believe it is now time 
to move in other directions. There 
are many needs among the Breth- 
ren to which we want to give our 
thought and attention. 

Some of you may have ideas as to 
what some of these needs may be. 
Your suggestions will be helpful as 
we plan for the future. In the 
meantime, please continue to give 
your support to the Board. ['^] 

Brethren Care: 
A Look Back at 1987 

By Barrel Barnes, Administrator 

THE END of the year always 
seems to come so quickly. But 
that occurs in a progressive envi- 
ronment, and 1987 was certainly 
one of progress at Brethren Care of 
Ashland. A number of projects 
were completed during the year 
that not only provided for the pre- 
sent but also assisted us in prepar- 
ing for the future. 

The biggest project of the year 
(undertaken in 1986 but completed 
in 1987) was the construction of a 
maintenance building. This 36- by 
60-foot facility provides a garage 
for our truck and storage space for 
equipment and for medical records 
that date as far back as when 
Brethren Care was first opened. 

This facility was needed for some 
time, and its completion has ena- 
bled us to grow. Construction was 
made possible in part by a loan to 
Brethren Care from the Benevolent 

The new maintenance bu 

Board. We thank the Board for this 

A 35-car parking lot was com- 
pleted following the demolishment 
of an old farm house on a piece of 
property adjacent to Brethren 
Care. The completion of this project 
has not only improved the overall 
appearance of Brethren Care, but 

ilding at Brethren Care. 

has also provided for greater utili- 
zation of our land area. The added 
parking space will help alleviate 
the overcrowding during various 
activities throughout the year. 

Another major project under- 
taken at Brethren Care during the 
year was the use of our own com- 
puter. By bringing the financial 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Left photo, a computer helps Adminstrator Barrel Barnes ren Care's ever-increasing load of paperwork. Right photo, new tables 
and Business Office Manager Joyce Ludwig care for Breth- and chairs enhance the appearance of the dining room. 

data and payroll services in-house, 
we hope to expedite the bookkeep- 
ing process and also decrease the 
workload of the business office per- 
sonnel. Over the past few years the 
amount of paperwork has greatly 
increased, but the number on staff 
has not. Our staff deserves much 
credit for keeping up with what is 
frequently called "the Red Tape." 

Our dining room was upgraded 
with all new tables and chairs this 
past fall. These tables — wood with 

metal bases — enhance the overall 
appearance of this most important 

Other areas received attention as 
well in 1987. Many of the bedrails 
were replaced and new patient 
charts and recliner lounge chairs 
were purchased. These items had 
heavy use over the years, so we 
were happy to be able to replace 
them. The new bedrails and lounge 
chairs will also add to the safety 
and comfort of our residents. 

Once again I want to thank each 
of you for your donations, volun- 
teer hours, and your prayers. Par- 
ticular appreciation is extended to 
our most dedicated Board of Trus- 
tees: George Snyder (president). 
Dr. C. J. Thomason (vice-presi- 
dent), Dorothy Carpenter (secre- 
tary-treasurer), Dr. L. E. Lindower, 
Dr. Glenn Clayton, Marvin Shonk- 
wiler, and Thomas Stoffer. With 
their guidance and support, we 
have become "a Special Home." [i"] 

Why I Chose 
The Brethren's Home 

I WOULD like to say that I chose 
The Brethren's Home. But the 
fact is, it chose me. I was on the re- 
bound from hi-tech and higher 
profits. The Brethren's Home of- 
fered me the opportunity to feel 
truly needed, and when I strayed 
away briefly f after serving as direc- 
tor of nursing from February 1982 
to May 1985, Nancy left for a year 
and one-half but returned in 
November 1986], it welcomed me 

Ms. Doud is Director of Nursing 
Services at The Brethren's Home. She 
has 12 years of work experience in the 
fields of pediatrics, orthopedics, res- 
piratory therapy, coronary recovery, and 
geriatrics in both for-profit and not-for- 
profit settings. 

By Nancy Doud, R.N. 

back like the Prodigal Son (Daugh- 

I recall an exercise at a seminar 
in which we were asked to write a 
sentence stating who we are. Mine 
was simple. I stated, 'T am a 
nurse." This deceptively simple 
statement led me to some deep in- 
trospection during the years that 
followed. Health care and nursing 
have changed drastically in the 
last decade, but I am still a nurse 
— one who chooses to practice my 
profession in a not-for-profit envi- 

Somewhere between chemistry 
classes and the 5 a.m. wake-up for 
clinical practice, I became acutely 
aware that the most important 
function of a nurse is advocacy — 

speaking out for the patient. I 
wanted to help relieve suffering, to 
share pain and joy alike, to serve 
my fellowman. I learned to be an 

While all health-care institu- 
tions have patient-centered phi- 
losophies, I have found basic dif- 
ferences in their approach to these 
philosophies. I believe the values of 
these institutions are the reason 
for these differences. 

In the not-for-profit institution, 
the basic value is human dignity — 
for the patient and also for those 
who choose to serve. Profit is there- 
fore a tool to be used to serve 
others, not the reason for the in- 
stitutions existence. 

(continued on next page) 

February 1988 


^ Brethren Benevolent Care 

A lot is being said today about 
the nursing shortage. Everyone, 
from economists to educators, is 
asking what nurses want. From a 
purely personal perspective, I be- 
lieve I know what most nurses 
want — they want an opportunity 
to practice nursing that is dedi- 
cated to the patients being served. 
I am fortunate indeed to be able to 

practice in this kind of atmosphere. 
It is that special, indefinable some- 
thing that permeates my days and 
makes it all worthwhile. The 
touch, the smile, the greeting, and 
even the tears are reward far 
beyond anyone's ability to reim- 

It has been said that "Nursing is 
love made visible." Here at The 

Brethren's Home, I know that this 
is true for me as well as for my staff. 
Let me assure you that no mat- 
ter how idealistic I may sound, I 
am also pragmatic. I struggle daily 
with budgets and costs and with 
the most efficient way to get the 
job accomplished. At such times I 
wonder just why my favorite para- 
ble is the "Good Samaritan." [t] 

The Brethren's Home: 
Why a Not-For-Profit Corporation? 

By Gene A Geaslen, Administrator 

SINCE its early beginnings the 
corporate structure of The 
Brethren's Home has been that of a 
non-proprietary or not-for-profit 
corporation. In June of 1901 a 
board of trustees from the Ohio 
District Conference was incorpo- 
rated in Ohio to care for an exist- 
ing gift of $8,000 that had been re- 
ceived in 1892 from a brother and 
sister. John Early and Lydia Fox of 

and Orphanage. 

Forty-four years later, on 
November 17, 1967, the board reor- 
ganized and The Brethren's Home 
of Indiana, Inc., was incorporated 
in Indiana to build and operate a 
new 46-bed health facility in Flora. 
Since that time, the original two- 
story building has been renovated 
into retirement apartments and 
several additions have been made. 

oL- [ian/^K/\. ikc 

which brings the total number of 
health-care beds to 96, plus a total 
of 25 independent-living retire- 
ment apartments now known as 
Brethren Village. 

So why was The Brethren's Home 
organized as a not-for-profit corpo- 
ration? There are two main types 
of corporations: proprietary, those 
formed to make a profit for their 
owners, and non-proprietary or 
not-for-profit, those formed to sell a 
product or perform a service for the 
profit of the corporation itself 
People have the misconception that 
a not-for-profit corporation cannot 
or should not make a profit. It can 
make a profit, but any profits can 
only be used to benefit the corpora- 
tion itself. 

The seven Brethren men who 

Miamisburg. By 1921 the fund had 
grown to more than $12,000, and a 
$35,000 gift was received that year 
from Henry Rinehart and his wife, 
designated for a facility to care for 
the elderly in Indiana. 

In 1922 a 42-acre farm was 
purchased at the west edge of 
Flora, Ind., and a local nine-man 
board was commissioned to ar- 
range for construction of a build- 
ing. On May 29 of the following 
year a two-story brick building was 
dedicated as the Brethren's Home 


The Brethren Evangelist 



M»^.1 ijCe. V' 


serve as the Board of Directors of 
The Brethren's Home of Indiana, 
Inc., receive a director's fee for at- 
tending the two- to four-hour 
monthly meetings, but they do not 
share in the profits of the corpora- 

Carl Shirar, one of the board 
members, said that the reason he 
serves on the board of a not-for- 
profit corporation is that "I feel 
hke this is one of the gifts God has 
given me in order to work with 
older people. It gives me the oppor- 
tunity to take part in the decisions 
to better improve our residents 
stay here." 

Raymond Morrow gives as his 
reason that "this is another area in 

which the Lord has asked me to 
serve Him. If anything I can do as 
a member of this board will make 
life more enjoyable for those living 
here, I thank God for this 

The Brethren's Home operates ef- 
ficiently as a non -proprietary corpo- 
ration because it does not have any 
owners outside of itself who are 
paid any of the operational profits. 
Of course, we pay interest on 
money we borrow, unless the inves- 
tor requests that no interest be 
paid. Any profits are reinvested in 
capital improvements or in main- 
taining operating reserves or re- 
serves for any outstanding long- 
term notes. 

The Home is also exempt from 
state and federal income taxes, as 
well as real estate and personal 
property taxes. We are also able to 
receive charitable (and in most 
case tax-exempt) gifts from indi- 
viduals and other corporations, 
which further help us support the 
ministry here, apart from the daily 
or monthly rates that our residents 

We depend on gifts of time and 
money from those who support our 
ministry to the aged and the in- 
firm. Last year we recorded over 
14,000 hours of volunteer time, 
which came from people of the 
greater Flora community and from 
residents of the Brethren Village 
apartments. At minimum wage, 
that would amount to approxi- 
mately $47,000. We also received 
$7,128 in gifts from churches and 
individuals, and we expect to re- 
ceive at least $1,500 as our portion 
of the gifts to the Benevolent Board 
from the Indiana District. 

We would welcome inquiries 
from anyone who would like to con- 
sider giving through an estate gift. 
The Home's attorney is available to 
work with you in making your will, 
at no cost to you. We also extend 
an open invitation to any indi- 
vidual or church group to visit the 
Home. We appreciate the continual 
support the Brethren have given 
The Brethren's Home during our 
65 years of ministry. [t] 

Benevolent Board Stewardship 

I WANT to begin this report by saying "Thank you 
for your continuous support of Benevolent pro- 
grams with your prayers and with your generous gifts 
to this ministry." 

During 1987 your gifts, from local Brethren congre- 
gations and from a number of individuals, totaled 
$13,877.18, while Board expenses and benevolences 
totaled $13,878.48 — resulting in a deficit of $1.30. (I 
will pass the hat at our next Board meeting!) 

Details of these 1987 benevolences and Board ex- 
penses were: 

Gift to The Brethren's Home, Flora: $2,216.08 or 16% 
Gift to Brethren Care, Ashland; 2,721.68 or 20% 

Benefits - Superannuated Ministers 

Fund: 5,040.00 or 36% 

Denominational activities and support: 606.53 or 4% 

Interest paid on notes: 
Board travel for meetings: 
Administrative expense: 

756.23 or 6% 

1,563.26 or 11% 

974.70 or 7% 

In addition to gifts, the Board gained interest of 
$4,694. Most of this was added to reserves for low in- 
terest facility improvement loans to the Board-related 
homes. Unfortunately, these reserve funds were also 
adversely affected by legal expenses which were in- 
curred in successfully defending against prior litiga- 
tion in Pennsylvania. The net eff"ect of these two items 
was a reduction of approximately $4,014 in available 
facility loan reserves. 

Again, we thank you for your generous support as 
we plan future programs to benefit those to whom you 
minister through your Benevolent Board. 

— George Snyder, Treasurer, 

February 1988 




A view of the Pleasant View Brethren Church building showing the new sign and 
the entrance ramp for the handicapped. Photo by Pastor Keith Hensiey. 

Pleasant View Brethren Dedicate 
Improvements to Church Building 

Vandergrift, Pa. — Members of the 
Pleasant View Brethren Church reded- 
icated themselves and also extensive 
renovations and improvements to 
their church building at a dedication 
service held Sunday, January 10, dur- 
ing the morning worship service. 

Many changes had been made to the 
Pleasant View Church building and 
properties during the past few years, 
and especially in the six months prior 

to the dedication service. One of the 
most visible of these was the erection 
of an illuminated sign in front of the 
church building. The sign provides 
space for announcing regular services 
and coming events or for sharing 
words of wisdom or inspiration. The 
sign was a joint project of the 
Evangelism Committee, several class- 
es, and various members who made in- 
dividual contributions. 

Another project, a ramp added at 
the front entrance to the building, in- 
dicates the congregation's concern for 
the handicapped and physically-im- 
paired. Special parking places for the 
handicapped were also designated in 
the parking area. 

Other improvements outside the 
building included new landscaping, 
some exterior painting, and new lights 
at the main entrance. The landscaping 
was done under the direction of Karen 
Kridler and the Genesis Class, and the 
new lighting was a project of the 
Blessings Class. 

On the inside of the building, the 
sanctuary was painted and a new pub- 
lic-address system installed, the later 
being another project of the 
Evangelism Committee. Also receiv- 
ing a coat of paint were the Sunday 
school rooms, entryways, stairwells, 
and the basement. In addition to the 
new paint, carpet was installed 
throughout the basement, adding to 
the appearance and warmth of the 
area. Some of the painting was done 
by the members themselves, and the 
rest by the Dan Howard Construction 

Improvements were not limited to 
the church building, but included a 
new roof on the parsonage-home of 
Pastor and Mrs. Keith Hensiey. 

The total expense for the renova- 
tions was $11,500. The congregation 
believes this is money well spent as it 
seeks to provide an attractive facility 
in which to welcome visitors and in 
which the unsaved can come and find 
Jesus Christ as their Savior. 

— reported by Nancy McGraw 

Donald M. Joy to Speak on 
"Sexuality and Family" at 
ATS Ministry Conference 

Ashland, Ohio — Donald M. Joy, 
professor of Human Development 
and Christian Education at Asbury 
Theological Seminary and author of 
numerous books on moral develop- 
ment and family life, will be the fea- 
tured speaker April 22 and 23 at the 
Ashland Theological Seminary Minis- 
try Conference. 

Dr. Joy is a former pastor and has 
contributed extensively to the work of 
the church. He is also past president of 
the Association of Professors and Re- 
searchers in Religious Education. He 
is married and has two children and 
six grandchildren. 

Dr. Joy will be addressing the con- 

ference on the 
topic of "Sex- 
uality and Fam- 
ily." His in- 
sights should 
prove to be 
extremely rele- 
vant and prac- 
tical for par- 
ents, teachers, 
and pastors. 

On Friday, 
April 22, Dr. 
Joy will speak Dr. Donald M. Joy 
at 10:00 a.m. on "Creation, Adam, 
and Woman/On Splitting Adams," 
and at 1:30 p.m. on "The Adolescent 
Crucible/Bonding and Sexual Inti- 

On Saturday he will speak at 9:30 
a.m. on "Parents, Kids, and Sexual In- 
tegrity/Risk-Proofing Kids," and at 

1:00 p.m. on "Pastoral Care for For- 
nicators and Adulterers/Healing in 
the Faith Community." 

The cost for this conference will be 
$10.00 per day ($12.50 per day after 
March 15). To register for the confer- 
ence and arrange for overnight ac- 
comodations, write Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary, 910 Center Street, 
Ashland, Ohio 44805, or phone (419) 

There is a burden of care in getting 
riches; fear in keeping them; tempta- 
tion in using them; guilt in abusing 
them; sorrow in losing them; and a 
burden of account at last to be given 
concerning them. — Matthew Henry 

God loves us the way we are, but he 
loves us too much to leave us that 
way. — Leighton Ford 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Ardmore Brethren Church Holds 
Mortgage-Burning Celebration 

South Bend, Ind. — Another page 
was added to Brethren history on Sun- 
day, November 29, 1987, when mem- 
bers and friends of the First Brethren 
Church of Ardmore gathered to cele- 
brate the retirement of the debt on 
their church building at a mortgage 
burning service. 

Plans for the all-day celebration had 
been underway for some months, 
under the direction of Pastor Gene 
Eckerley and the Ministry of Steward- 
ship chaired by Fred Horn. Each of the 
ministries of the church played a part 
in the services, which were structured 
to acknowledge God's blessings on the 

Invitations to participate in the wor- 
ship service were extended to two 
former pastors. Rev. C. William Cole 
and Rev. Brian Moore, who had both 
served during the building program at 
Ardmore. Invitations to past members 
were also sent. The expectation that 
many friends would want to join in the 
celebration was correct. Two hundred 
people assembled for the Sunday 

morning worship hour. 

Following opening prayer and song, 
Pastor C. William Cole, now of Levit- 
town. Pa., spoke of "The God Who 
Brings Us Together." He recalled the 
times when the sanctuary in the old 
building on Moss Road was packed 
with people, and the faith and prayers 
that accompanied the plans to incur 
indebtedness for a new building. "The 
move," he declared, "was difficult for 
our young people. It was easier for our 
elderly to move into the new facility." 
The new building was dedicated on 
November 30, 1969. Following Pastor 
Cole's message, the congregation sang 
"Blest Be the Tie That Binds." 

Pastor Brian Moore, now of St. 
James, Md., led the Ardmore congre- 
gation through the middle years in the 
new building. He spoke of "The God 
Who Meets Our Needs." He said, "God 
is faithful and has provided for us 
through natural as well as miraculous 
means. He has provided for us through 
His Son, and today we celebrate God's 
provisions." Following Pastor Moore's 

Derby Youth Group Reminds Community 
Of the True Meaning of Christmas 

Derby, Kans. — Passers-by were 
treated to a glimpse of Bethlehem on 
the evening of December 21, as the 
Derby BYC group held a live nativity 
scene on the church lawn. 

Members of the Derby First Breth- 
ren Church youth group were con- 
cerned that with all the "busyness" of 
the season, their community would 
not remember that the true meaning 
of Christmas is a time to worship 

The youth borrowed straw bales and 
two calves from the Wehrman farm, 
and dressed as an angel, wisemen, and 
shepherds. The BYC leaders, Todd and 
Chris Showalter, dressed as Mary and 
Joseph. The rest of the cast included 
Cindy Keck, Toby Wehrman, David 
Andrewson, Andi Perrine, Herschel 
Herring, Dixie Wehrman, Caryn Hen- 
dry, Cathy Bessey, Heath Herring, 
Jeremy Miller, D.J. Perrine, Casey 
Wehrman, and Kevin Gretsky. 

The BYC members stood motionless 
for an hour, had a 15-minute hot cocoa 
break, then stood motionless for 
another 45 minutes. During the two 
hours, 75 cars stopped to view the 

message, the annual "Golden Harvest" 
offering was received, and again God's 
provision was evident as $4,444 was 
received in this special offering. 

Pastor Gene Eckerley, the church's 
current pastor, introduced representa- 
tives of the former Building Commit- 
tee, then invited the entire congrega- 
tion to join in the mortgage burning 
by forming a circle around the interior 
of the sanctuary. A candle was lit from 
the altar, then passed from person to 
person around the sanctuary. The 
room was completely circled with 
eager hands that passed the flame 
from one to another. When the candle 
was again at the altar, it was passed 
to Mel Kring, current moderator, who 
held the mortgage document while it 
was ignited by Fred Horn, chairman of 
the Ministry of Stewardship. 

The service continued with the choir 
singing "My Tribute," after which 
Pastor Eckerley concluded the ser- 
mons by challenging those present to 
follow "The God Who Leads Us On." 
The congregation ended the service by 
singing, "Savior, Like a Shepherd 
Lead Us." 

Old friendships were renewed in the 
fellowship hall during a carry-in din- 
ner, which followed the worship serv- 
ice. Thankful people of the Ardmore 
congregation, praising God for His 
goodness and care, will continue to 
write chapters in Brethren history. 

— De Woods 

f Hi 

Derby youth and their advisors brave the freezing cold to remind their community 
that Christmas is a celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ. Photo by Jessica Huff. 

nativity scene, while many more 
passed by on the busy street. 

The local newspaper featured a 
front-page article about the nativity 
scene. Despite the freezing cold, the 

Derby BYC members had lots of fun. 
They feel it's important to let people 
know what the true meaning of 
Christmas is. 

— reported by Dixie Wehrman 

February 1988 




Members of the Nappanee, Ind., 
First Brethren Church confirmed 
their intention to build a new church 
facility in a vote taken at the annual 
church business meeting on January 
18. Ground breaking is planned for 
May during the church's Centennial 
Celebration. The congregation also 
voted to extend another three-year 
call to Pastor Alvin Shifflett, who has 
completed 15 years of service to the 
Nappanee Church. 

Raymond and Susan Hagerich 

were ordained deacon and deaconess 
in the Vinco, Pa., Brethren Church on 
September 27, and Harvey and 
LaRue Holsopple were ordained 
deacon and deaconess in the same con- 
gregation on November 29. Rev. 
Robert Hoffman of Berlin, Pa., was 
the guest speaker for both ordination 

Five members of the Garber Breth- 
ren Church of Ashland, Ohio, read 
through the Bible in both 1986 and 
1987 — May Evans, Florence Dicken- 
son, Delia Kaufman, Florence Rose, 
and Smith Rose. 

Rev. William Curtis, pastor of the 
Northwest Brethren Chapel in Tuc- 
son, Ariz., took a tour of the Holy 
Land in early December. The ten-day 
tour was led by Dr. Nathan Meyer. 

The Mulvane and Derby, Kans., 
Brethren Churches held a joint Sun- 
day school teachers seminar at the 
Mulvane Brethren Church building on 
November 13 and 14. It was a time for 
teachers from both churches to share 
their joys and trials, to sing and fel- 
lowship, and also to view new mate- 
rials and gain new ideas and en- 
thusiasm for teaching. 

Members of the First Brethren 
Church of North Manchester, Ind., 

joined with members of other commu- 
nity churches in filling and delivering 
food baskets (boxes) to more than 100 
needy families. The boxes of food were 
assembled in the First Brethren fel- 
lowship hall. 


In Memory 

Fern L. Smith, 83, January 24. Member 
for 75 years of the Park Street First Breth- 
ren Church, where she was active in the 
hospitality ministry and catered many, 
many meals. She was head manager and 
dietician of the Ashland College cafeteria 
from 1960 until her retirement and served 
for a number of years as cook at Camp 
Bethany. Services by Pastors Arden 
Gilmer and Michael Gleason. 
Duane Allen Rose, 70, January 22. 
Member of the South Bend First Brethren 
Church for 43 years. Services by Pastor 
Larry Baker. 

Sandy Swartz, January 18. Former mem- 
ber of The Brethren Church and wife of 
Rev. Ed Swartz, a former Brethren pastor. 
Byron K. Ulrich, 84, January 18. Member 
for 50 years and deacon of the Milford First 
Brethren Church. Services by Rev. Daniel 
Gray, pastor of the Elkhart First Brethren 

Carl D. Thomas, 63, January 16. Pastored 
the Fremont First Brethren Church from 
1964-1974 and 1977-1981, the Cedar Falls 
Brethren Church from 1975-1977, and the 
Altoona Church of the Brethren from 1981 
until his death. Services in Altoona, Pa., 
with Rev. Randall Yoder and Rev. Roy 
Meyers officiating. 

Verba Gripe, 81, January 16. Member of 
the Goshen First Brethen Church for 57 
years. Services by Pastor Donald E. 

Emily Brown, 88, January 14. Member 
for 77 years and deaconess and Sunday 
school teacher in the Masontown Brethren 

Harry O. Singer, 92, January 13. Oldest 
member of the Wayne Heights Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Henry Bates. 
Mildred Kelgaugh, 71, January 13. At- 
tended the Wayne Heights Brethren 
Church for many years. Services by Pastor 
Henry Bates. 

Maxine Blosser, 72, January 12. Member 
of The Brethren Church in New Lebanon. 
Services by Charles Wiltrout. 
Dorothy Cheever, 75, January 9. Member 
of the Falls City First Brethren Church 
where she served as deaconess, Sunday 
school teacher, church treasurer, and WMS 
officer. Services by Pastor Curtis Nies. 
Merle W. Johnson, 72, January 8. 
Member of the Manteca Brethren Church 
for 62 years. Services by Dr. Roy Kraft, as- 
sisted by Dr. Virgil Ingraham. Mr. Johnson 
was the son of the late Brethren pastor 
Rev. Cecil H. Johnson. 
Dorothy L. Sprinkle, 65, January 8. At- 
tended the Loree First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Claude Stogsdill and 
Rev. William A. Maloney. 
Esther McMurray, 59, January 3. 
Member of the West Alexandria First 
Brethren Church. Services by Pastor David 

Ruby Fine, 72, January 2. Member of the 
Falls City First Brethren Church where 

she served as a Sunday school teacher and 
pianist. Services by Pastor Curtis Nies. 
Louise Marks, 73, December 30. Member 
of the Masontown First Brethren Church 
for 35 years. Services by Pastor Russell 

Anna Marie Becknell, 91, December 29. 
Member of the Warsaw First Brethren 
Church for 34 years, and of the Park Street 
Brethren Church for 14 years. Services by 
Park Street Pastors Arden E. Gilmer and 
Michael Gleason. 

Jeannette Solomon, 59, December 29. 
Member of La Iglesia Hispana de los Her- 
manos of Sarasota, and a Brethren mis- 
sionary to Argentina and Colombia South 
America for many years. Services at the 
Sarasota First Brethren Church with Pas- 
tor J.D. Hamel officiating, assisted by Pas- 
tor Daniel Rosales, Rev. Ray Aspinall, Rev. 
James Black, and Rev. Gayle Marquette. A 
memorial service was also held at the Ash- 
land Park Street Brethren Church. iSee 
page 9 for a memorial tribute.) 
Alta B. HaUday, 79, December 25. 
Member of the Washington Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor John B. Mills. 
Delphia E. Clark, 86, December 20. 
Member of the Cheyenne Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor G. Emery Hurd. 
Fae E. Ford, 71, December 13. Member of 
the Vinco Brethren Church. Services by 
Pastor Carl Phillips. 

Lucille Davis, 69, December 7. Member of 
the Bryan First Brethren Church. Services 
by Rev. Marlin L. McCann. 
Ruth Chapman, 85, December 3. At- 
tended the North Manchester First Breth- 
ren Church. Pastor Marlin McCann as- 
sisted at the services. 
Leonard (Tod) Zimmerman, 77, October 
31. Member of the Gratis First Brethren 
Church since 1918. Services by Pastor Dar- 
rell Crissman. 

Marjorie (Peg) Crume Rowland, October 
27. Member of the Gratis First Brethren 
Church since 1925. Services by Pastor Dar- 
rell Crissman. 

Mary M. Spencer, 83, September 25. 
Member of the Corinth Brethren Church 
since 1935. 

Mable M. Miller, 90, July 5. Member of 
the Gratis First Brethren Church since 
1918. Services by Pastor Darrell Crissman. 


Virgil and Ethel DeMike, 65th, January 
16. Members of the South Bend First 
Brethren Church. 

Emerson and Iva Harshman, 65th, Jan- 
uary 11. Members of the St. James Breth- 
ren Church. 

John and Eleanor Porte, 50th, January 
8. Members of the South Bend First Breth- 
ren Church. 

Due to the many deaths reported in this 
issue, there was not enough room to include 
Weddings and Membership Growth. These 
will be included next month. 

The Editor. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14)« 


One day a group of people — men and women, boys and girls — gathered around 
Jesus. They wanted to hear what He said about God. They liked the stories He told. 

As the people were thinking about a story Jesus had just finished telling, a man 
said, "God gave Moses ten commandments for us to follow. Which is the greatest com- 
mandment, the one we should be sure to obey?" 

Jesus answered him, "Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your 
soul and with all your mind and with all your strength. This is the greatest command- 
ment." Then Jesus continued speaking. "The second one is. Love your neighbor as 

Jesus knew that if we do these two things, we will be living as God wants us to live. 
Think about it. When we truly love God, we will do what He wants us to do. When we 
love other people, we will be friendly and kind and thoughtful. 

Write yes in front of the answers that are true. Write no in front of the ones that are wrong. 
A. I can show my love for God by: B. I can show my love for other people by: 
1 . Reading the Bible. 1 . Always wanting my own way. 

2. Talking with God in prayer. 2. Being friendly to new children 

at school. 
3. Going to church. 3. Sharing my toys — even my 

favorite ones. 
4. Being noisy in church. 4. Teasing younger children. 

5. Telling my friends about Him. 5. Trying to be helpful. 

C. In these hearts are the two greatest commandments. Draw lines to connect the words in 
the right order. In the first heart you will need to use four words more than once. 

Mark ^^— •w _ _ Mark 

February 1988 19 


Missions Tree Offering Tops $1,000 
At Wayne Heights Brethren Church 

Waynesboro, Pa. — An air of excite- 
ment filled the sanctuary of the 
Wayne Heights Brethren Church on 
Sunday morning, December 20, for 
Missions Christmas Tree Decorating 

As Sunday school began, a Christ- 
mas tree stood at the front of the 
sanctuary, completely devoid of any of 
the usual trimmings. But it would not 
remain that way for long. 

Following a period of devotions, 
each person went to the tree and hung 
an ornament on its branches. These 
were no ordinary ornaments, but 
beautifully decorated L'egg hosiery 
containers. More important than how 
they were decorated, however, was 
what was on the inside, for each per- 
son put his or her special Christmas 
offering in the ornament before plac- 
ing it on the tree. 

The Missions Tree offering for this 
year was designated, at the suggestion 
of the Missionary Board, for housing 
expenses for the Miguel Antunez fam- 
ily, while Miguel attends Ashland 
Theological Seminary. Pictures of 
Miguel and Sonia Antunez and their 

Christmas Celebrations Held 
At Sarasota Hispanic Church 

Sarasota, Fla. — More than 100 
Spanish-speaking believers joined to- 
gether at the First Brethren Church of 
Sarasota for a special city-wide Christ- 
mas celebration. A pot-luck dinner 
was followed by a time of worship and 

The youth of La Iglesia Hispana de 
los Hermanos (the Hispanic Brethren 
Church) had their own fiesta in 
Tampa with the Children's Fishing 
Club of Florida. The youth enjoyed a 
Christmas film, an animal show, and 
all the popcorn and soda they could 

More than 130 children and teens 
also enjoyed a local Christmas celebra- 
tion and program at the Sarasota 
Church, which included an eighth 
birthday party for the Spanish minis- 

La Iglesia Hispana de los Hermanos 
enters the new year without one of its 
most faithful members, Jeannette Sol- 
omon. Though grieving her passing, 
the congregation knows that their loss 
is her gain, and they are committed 
during the new year to continue the 

son, Carlos (who are Peruvian mem- 
bers of the Hispanic congregation of 
the Sarasota First Brethren Church), 
were posted in the church building, 
along with an explanation of the part 
the Wayne Heights church could play 
in the family's preparation for mis- 
sionary service. A goal had also 

been set of a least one thousand dol- 
lars for the Christmas Tree Offering. 

That Sunday night, following an 
evening of community caroling, Pastor 
Henry Bates announced that the con- 
greation had more than reached its 
goal — with the offering for the morn- 
ing totaling $1,252. 

"We praise the Lord for this oppor- 
tunity of sharing in missions through 
the holiday season," Pastor Bates said, 
"and we praise Him for making it pos- 
sible for us to give in this amount." 

Bryan Church Says Farewell 
To Pastor and Mrs. McCann 

Bryan, Ohio — Approximately 200 
Bryan First Brethren Church mem- 
bers and friends gathered on Sunday 
evening, November 15, to say good- 
bye to Pastor Marlin and Lila McCann 
at a surprise farewell party. 

Linda Lockhart and Mary Brandon 
spearheaded the surprise party, and 
Jeff and Fred Brandon emceed the 

The program included several songs 
by the Bryan area Madrigal Chorale 
(three with the pastor participating 
and one in which the Chorale sang to 
the pastor and his wife), and a laying- 
on-of-hands service by the deacon 
board and Fred Brandon, in which the 
McCanns were commissioned for their 
new ministry at the North Manches- 
ter, Ind., First Brethren Church. 

Numerous gifts were given to the 
McCanns, including a plaque from the 

Pastor Marlin and Lila McCann. 

Junior BYC, several items from the 
congregation, and various gifts from 

The program concluded with the 
congregation singing "Blest Be the 
Tie That Binds." Refreshments were 
served by the Willing Hearts class and 
the Elective class. 

Balloons added to the festivities at the 
combined Christmas celebration and 
birthday party for the Spanish ministry. 

work of the Lord on her behalf 

— reported by Janet Solomon. 

iH: H . T 

01 ill Lii jil 

i> i: <r a <i 

Q- ic tn -^ in 
uj a c i> <E 

What wondrous miracles God perforins, 
That from earth's dark and frigid soil, 
He bringeth forth the flowers of spring. 

Developing a Global Vision 

Reaching Out to Foreigners 

ENGLISH conversation class had 
just ended. Cecilia, a fiftyish 
woman from Latin America, hesi- 
tantly approached. 

"Teacher, how old are you?" she 
asked, after making small talk until 
the other students left. 

I told her, and Cecilia sadly shook 
her head. "That's exactly how old 
my son would have been. He died a 
year ago in Colombia." 

Cecilia started to tremble. She 
said she'd been unable to attend her 
son's funeral and that his death con- 
tinued to depress her. For instance, 
she would be driving down the high- 
way and break into tears. 

"When that happens, I can hardly 
see to drive. Don't you think that's 
dangerous?" The question would 
have been comic had her situation 
not been so tragic. 

"Yes, Cecilia, I imagine that is 
dangerous," I said. "Would you mind 
if we prayed about all this?" 

She didn't, so we did. And after- 
wards Cecilia said she felt a lot bet- 
ter, although it was evident much 
healing still needed to take place. 

Far from home 

How difficult it is to be far from 
home when tragedy strikes! I was 
living in Peru, my marriage one 
week away, when a telephone call 
came telling me that my grand- 
father had passed away. 

It's difficult to be far from home 
even when everything is going 
smoothly. Maybe you've spent a few 
weeks or months outside the coun- 
try. But how would it be to live per- 
manently in a foreign country with 

no hope of ever returning home? 

There are millions of people like 
that in the United States. Call them 
foreigners, immigrants, aliens, or 
strangers in our land. They are 
people with unique needs. And we 
have a unique opportunity to minis- 
ter to them. 

Illegal aliens 

Think of the undocumented per- 
sons, or illegal aliens. In 1986 Presi- 
dent Reagan signed into law the Im- 
migration Reform and Control Act, 
which, among other things, offers 
amnesty to anyone who has lived in 
the U.S. in an illegal status since be- 
fore January 1, 1982. World Relief 
and other evangelical groups im- 
mediately launched efforts to help 
legalize these individuals (who have 
until May 4 of this year to apply). 

Said a World Relief document, 
"The evangelical community real- 
ized that the amnesty provisions . . . 
provide an historic opportunity to 
bring people out of the shadow and 
fear that they have been living 
under as undocumented persons and 
into the mainstream of American life." 

Even the foreigner with his or her 
documents in order often feels out of 
place. Var, a Cambodian refugee, 
never got used to living in the city. 
Chicago had too much concrete for 
him. So you should have seen his 
glee when I took him to visit my 
parents and the fields of Indiana. 

We would be riding bicycles in the 
country and he would shout, "Look, 
Jaahn! Grass!" I had never seen any- 
one get so excited and happy about 
tall weeds. 

With Var, I realized the impor- 
tance of inviting foreigners into our 
homes. Did you know that the vast 
majority of international students in 
the United States never once enter 
the home of a North American? 

Several weeks ago I was babysit- 
ting our daughter in an office down- 
town. A young woman kept watch- 
ing Natalie and finally said, "I just 
love babies. I have three nieces and 
nephews I've not seen for three years." 

The girl explained that she was 
from Iran and studying at the Uni- 
versity of Miami. "Do you like it 
here?" I asked. 

She shook her head. "It's really 
hard to get to know anyone. People 
aren't very friendly. Maybe it would 
be better in a small town. . . ." 

This Iranian woman and thou- 
sands of other internationals are the 
intellectual cream and future lead- 
ers of their home countries. By be- 
friending them, we build bridges of 
international friendship. By sharing 
Christ with them, we open the possi- 
bility that they will return as mis- 
sionaries to their own lands. (A good 
book about ministry to international 
students is Lawson Lau's The World 
at Your Doorstep, published by Inter- 
Varsity Press.) 

Patience and sensitivity 

Reaching out to foreigners requires 
patience and sensitivity. When a 
Miami couple invited a Pakistani 
Muslim for dinner, the visitor im- 
mediately asked if a fried dish had 
been prepared with pork fat. It was, 
so he didn't eat. A Ghanian friend 
tells about the family who offered 
him a hot dog. Dog meat? Nicholas 
politely refused and would accept 
only coffee that evening. 

Yet the joy of encouraging — and 
learning from — a visitor in our 
midst greatly outweighs potential 
discomforts or misunderstandings. 

One last word about Cecilia. Her 
life is changed. During a time of 
sharing at English class, she sur- 
prised everyone by saying that her 
favorite pastime is reading the 
Bible. "Last week I was reading 
Psalm 146, where it says 'God 
watches over the alien,' " she said. "I 
just couldn't believe it. That verse 
was just for me." 

And if God loves and cares for the 
alien or stranger, the implications 
for us are obvious. [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

March 1988 
Volume 110, Number 3 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


Morven Baker 


Phil Lersch 

John Maust 

Alvin Shifflett 

Children's Page 

Alberta Holsinger 

Editorial and 

Business Office 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) for The Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, OH 44805-3792. 
Authors' views are not neces- 
sarily those of The Brethren 
Church or the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company. 

Subscription Rates: One 

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Member: Evangelical Press 


Testifying to Grace by Carol Van Klompenburg 
Guidelines for sharing your Christian faith naturally 
with others. 

Giving in Absentia by Frederick T. Burkey 

The Brethren Church Foundation offers opportunities for 

Brethren to support the church even after they die. 

Holding the Ropes by Loma G. Davies 

One secret to successful missionaries is having Christians 

in the homeland upholding them in prayer. 

Planning and Implementing Your Partnership in Ministry 

by Gene A. Geaslen 

Planning for results is essential to a successful Laymen's 

ministry in the local church. 

Ministry Pages: 

History of Brethren Missionary Movements: A Continuing 

Saga by James R. Black 
A Letter of Thanks From the Kerners 
Visible Accomplishments in India by K. Prasanth Kumar 
Major Events in 1987 in Malaysia by David Loi 
Mission Outreach into Paraguay by William Winter 

Brethren World Missions 




Developing a Global Vision 2 

by John Maust 

Let Us Be Brethren 8 

by Moderator Dale R. Staffer 
Peace Points of View 15 

by Phil Lersch 

Update 16 

Cartoon 17 

From the Grape Vine 18 

Children's Page 19 

by Alberta Holsinger 

General Conference Annual: 

Copies of the 1987 General Conference Annual — which contains the 
moderator's address, youth moderator's address, minutes of the Conference 
and auxiliary business sessions, and the Conference report booklet — have 
been sent to every Brethren church. If you would like a copy, request one 
from your pastor or church secretary, or contact the Brethren Church Na- 
tional Office, 524 College Avenue, Ashland, OH 44805. 
Answers to Little Crusader Page: 

A. 1. mother-in-law; in. 2. rowing; afraid. 3. calm; little. 4. evil; 
Stretch. 5. Miracles. 

B. He is God's Son. 

March 1988 

WE SHOULD give more testi- 
monies," says a visitor seat- 
ed in our living room. "We are not 
open enough about our faith." 

Her comment is a familiar one. 
I've heard similar statements many 
times. As usual, her comment pre- 
sents me with a dilemma. Tes- 
timonies have been both bane and 
boon in my walk with God. 

I recall testimonies I've heard. I 
think of my skepticism as I've heard 
television testimonies delivered with 
plastic polish and saccharine smiles. 
I think of my discomfort with 
women's club speeches, dripping 
with drama and pathos. I remember 
a speech about a child's death and 
the testimony, "All our prayers have 
been answered." 

Still grieving my own stillborn 
son, I wanted to scream at her, "How 
can you say all prayers were 
answered? The child died. Do you 
hear me? The child died!" Forgiving 
her was difficult. 

But in those same dark days. Rev. 
Jan Friend's testimony in his arti- 
cle, "The Sticky Stage of Grief," pro- 
vided a ray of light from a fellow 

I think, too, of one-sentence com- 
ments that are tiny candles for my 
walk of faith. Often when I'm feeling 
tense or inadequate, I remember a 
friend's remark that at such times it 
helps her to think of her salvation. 
When I'm despairing a failure or 
proud of an achievement, my grand- 
mother's gentle Sunday morning 
comment comes back to me: "It's not 
works that save us anyway, is it?" 

Mrs. Van Klompenhurg is a free-lance 
writer who lives in Pella, Iowa. 
Copyright « 1987 by Carol Van Klompenhurg. 

Back in my living room, my 
friend's husband disagrees with her. 
"I think the witness of the way a 
person lives is more important. 
Speaking is much easier than right 

I nod, but at the same time I am 
thinking that too often I have used 
his reasoning as an excuse for si- 
lence. I am haunted by Peter's ad- 
vice, "Always be prepared to give an 
answer to everyone who asks you to 
give the reason for the hope that you 
have" (I Pet. 3:15, Niv). 

"A tiny candle of 
testimony has often 
lit my walk with 

I understand my visitor's concern. 
Words and walk must be consistent. 
Testimony must be honest. I tell him 
of a letter I've recently received. 
When I interviewed a woman about 
her husband's disabling accident, 
she testified in glowing terms to 
God's grace, especially through fel- 
low Christians. But in her letter to 
me two days later she wrote, "We 
told you that we are grateful and 
thankful (and we are), but we 
haven't been as honest as we should 
have been, for we are still very con- 
fused and struggling with doubts 
about God's provision and care. The 
support we have received has most 
certainly tempered our struggle, but 
it has not erased it completely." 

Perhaps her initial glowing ac- 
count was a natural inclination to 
share the triumph instead of the 
trial. Perhaps she was influenced by 
a stereotyped concept of what a tes- 
timony should be. 

"A testimony" in its current 
stereotype is a rehearsed, dramatic 
story of one's conversion or of ex- 
periencing God's grace in tragedy. It 
often includes a moment of seeing 
God's purpose clearly, accepting that 
purpose, and living happily ever 
after. Its goal is an immediate and 
visible emotional impact. 

Guidelines for "a testimony" 

Peter advises those giving a 
reason for the faith that is in them 
to do so with gentleness and respect. 
For me, gentleness and respect 
imply the following guidelines for "a 

• Be careful of your motives. Be 
sure that your purpose is to tell of 
God's grace, not to evoke pity, gain 
admiration, or indulge your need for 

• Be sensitive to the needs of your 
audience. The speaker at a rescue 
mission who thanked God for a 
beautiful day, homes, and family 
was not thinking of his audience. 

• Be descriptive, not prescriptive. 
Don't imply that your listener's 

By Carol Van Klompenburg 

Testifying to Grace 

The Brethren Evangelist 

experience of grace should be identi- 
cal to yours. 

• Be tentative. We cannot fully 
understand the complexity of God's 
purpose, although we may have 
glimpses of it. And our vision of 
grace is influenced by the mountain- 
top or valley where we stand at the 

• Be honest. Don't overdramatize 
past pain or current happiness. We 
have not yet reached heaven, so 
acknowledge your current as well as 
your past struggles. 

• Be consistent. Let your words 
and walk agree. My grandmother's 
statement that works don't save us 
was bolstered by her consistent re- 
fusal to judge the sins of fellow 

Christians who are not comfort- 
able with "a testimony" need to re- 
member that the stereotype is not 
the standard for all testimony. One 
of my pastor friends says, 
"Memorized precooked testimonies 
are not a reflection of the deepest 
soul of a person. But Christians can- 
not avoid testimony because they 

are always operating out of a frame 
of reference." 

When Rebecca Manley Pippert 
was converted, she thought of 
evangelism as buttonholing the 
nearest stranger and blurting out a 
nonstop monologue. In Out of the 
Salt Shaker and into the World, she 
explains her discovery of natural 
evangelism through warm relation- 
ships with people. 

'^'Natural testimony" 

In the same way, "natural tes- 
timony" may have different qual- 
ities from "a testimony." 

• It may be impromptu instead of 
rehearsed. I will never forget the 
mother in my Sunday school class 
who told in trembling voice of her 
acceptance of her son's ailment. 

• It may be non-dramatic. Seeing 
God's hand in day-to-day living is 
important, too. 

• It need not see God's will 
clearly. The testimony of the mother 
whose only child was retarded was 
that she would never understand it, 
but that she had finally realized 

she didn't need to understand God. 

• It need not have immediate im- 
pact. Sometimes I haven't truly un- 
derstood the comments of ladies in 
my Bible study group until months 

• It need not be lengthy. A tiny 
candle of testimony has often lit my 
walk with God, 

Our living room visitors discuss 
effective and ineffective testimonies 
they've recently heard. I invite them 
to our kitchen for a late night snack 
and our conversation meanders. 
They mention upcoming volunteer 
work for the poor. We reminisce 
about adolescent pain and an agnos- 
tic ancestor. We confess our confu- 
sion when theologians proof-text op- 
posing viewpoints. We discuss the 
age of the earth and our belief that 
God is big enough for either an in- 
stant or a process creation. We 
speak of learning who God is and 
who we are through Bible reading. 
When coffee time ends, I am sud- 
denly surprised by the joy of know- 
ing that we have just been testifying 
to grace. [t] 

died fifty years 
ago, but his 
estate — the 
monies and properties 
he left — is still supporting Chris- 
tian causes, just as he planned. 

William Jones is a purely ficti- 
tious person, but what he did is 
exactly what many Christians are 
doing today. They know that their 

Dr. Burkey, one of three members of 
the Board of Trustees of The Brethren 
Church Foundation, is vice president for 
college advancement at Messiah College 
in Grantham, Pa. 

In Absentia 

By Frederick T. Burkey 

stewardship responsibilities regard- 
ing the distribution of their estates 
after their death are just as impor- 
tant as their responsibilities while 
they are living. 

They realize that, in effect, 
everyone has a will. The state says 
so. So, either the individual makes 
his own will, expressing his choices 
about the distribution of his estate, 
or the state will make those choices 
for him. Each state's laws are differ- 
ent, but each provides for the dis- 
tribution of the resources of people 
who die "intestate" (without a writ- 
ten will). 

In 1984, General Conference Mod- 
erator Dr. Arden Gilmer wrote: 

"During the past several years. The 
Brethren Church and its ministries 
have been blessed by receiving be- 
quests from several wills and a few 
substantial, outright gifts. Most of 
these bequests/gifts were the result 
of efforts made years ago (50 years 
ago in at least one case). While it 
has been good to receive these be- 
quests/gifts, we must ask ourselves: 
Who is cultivating such gifts now for 
the next generation?" 

Dr. Gilmer then proposed, and 
General Conference approved, the 
formation of The Brethren Church 
Foundation, ". . . for the receipt and 
distribution of funds to advance the 
(continued on page 7) 

March 1988 

Artwork by J Howard Mack 

BRETHREN, pray for me," Paul 
pleaded in I Thessalonians 
5:25. Missionaries today make the 
same plea. 

Satan is very jealous of his terri- 
tory. In countries where Satan is in 
much more open control than he is 
here in the United States, mis- 
sionaries say that the atmosphere is 
oppressive with his power. He does 
not like Christians coming into his 
territory and telling people about 
Christ and presenting the way of 
salvation. Satan does everything he 
can to discourage a missionary who 
dares invade his territory. 

It is imperative, therefore, that 
missionaries be continually upheld 
before the throne of God in prayer. 
Only in this way will they be able to 
overcome the powers of darkness. 
The secret of the success of any mis- 
sionary is having prayer warriors at 
home holding the ropes. 

This fact is well-illustrated by the 
following account. At a farewell 
meeting for Jonathan Goforth, be- 
fore he went to China, this story was 
related. A young missionary couple 
were bidding farewell to their little 
country church as they were about 
to leave for an African outpost that 
was an extremely difficult place of 
service. In fact, so many mis- 
sionaries had lost their lives there 
that the region became known as 
the "White Man's Grave." 

The husband said, "My wife and I 
have a strange foreboding as we go. 

Mrs. Davies is a free-lance writer who 
lives in Onaga, Kans. 
Copyright '- 1987 by Loma G. Davies. 

The Ropes 

We feel as if we are descending into 
a pit. However, we are willing to 
take the risk for Jesus' sake if you, 
our home circle, will faithfully 
promise to hold the ropes!" One and 
all solemnly declared that they cer- 
tainly would. 

Less than two years passed before 
the wife and the little baby the Lord 
had given them both succumbed to 
the dread fever. Soon the husband 
realized that his days, too, were 
numbered. Not wanting to send 
word back of his condition, he 
started home at once and arrived at 
the time of the Wednesday prayer 
meeting. He was able to slip in un- 
noticed and took a seat at the back. 

At the close of the prayer service 
he went forward. A strange silence 
came over the people, for death was 
already written on his face. Turning 
to the audience he said, "I am your 
missionary. My wife and child are 
buried in Africa, and I have come 
home to die. 

"This evening as you prayed, I 
waited eagerly to see if you were 
keeping the promise you made to us. 
But I listened in vain. You asked the 
Lord for everything connected with 
yourselves and your own enjoyment 
here in the home church, but you 
completely forgot your missionary. 

"I see now why we failed so often 
in our endeavors, and why our work 
there seemed to have been unpro- 
ductive. It is because you at home 
have failed to hold the ropes!"* 

How can we pray effectively for 

*Henry G. Bosch, Our Daily Bread, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1966, copyright ^ 1966. Used by 
special permission. 

By Loma G. Davies 

missionaries? To do so, we must 
know what missionaries need. There 
are several ways to learn of these 

1. Read the prayer letters they 
send to the church. 

2. Get on the prayer letter mailing 
list. These letters usually include 
both prayer requests and praise 
items. Then the information is im- 
mediately available. 

3. Write letters to missionaries 
and ask about any special needs. 
Not only will they be able to tell 
about specific needs, but they will 
know someone cares. If each person 
would pray intelligently for one mis- 
sionary a day, how much more effec- 
tive missionary outreach would be. 

"Praying always with all prayer 
and supplication in the Spirit, and 
watching thereunto with all perse- 
verance and supplication for all 
saints; and for me, that utterance 
may be given unto me, that I may 
open my mouth boldly, to make known, 
the mystery of the gospel, for which 
I am an ambassador in bonds: that 
therin I may speak boldly, as I ought 
to speak." This plea of Paul in Ephe- 
sians 6:18-20 is just as applicable 
today as when he wrote it. 

If the Lord brings a missionary to 

**In addition to those listed by Mrs. 
Davies, I would add the following: Read the 
World Mission pages in this issue of the 
Evangelist; read the monthly "Praise and 
Prayer" letter from the Missionary Board 
(copies are sent to each church, and some 
pastors reprint them in the church bulletin 
or newsletter; if your pastor does not do so, 
ask to see a copy each month); read the 
Missionary Board's bimonthly newsletter, 
"Insight into Brethren Missions." 

The Editor. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

mind while you are reading the 
paper, mowing the lawn, or working 
on the job, take a moment to pray 
for him. It just may be that at that 
moment he is in special need of 

A missionary who worked in the 
hills of Kentucky often had to drive 
mountain passes that became very 
slippery when it rained. Sometimes 
her car would slip and almost go 
over the edge. Later she learned 
that at that very instant her name 

was brought to the minds of some of 
her prayer warriors, who then 
prayed for her. 

Satan increases his attacks as the 
missionary's effectiveness for Christ 
increases. Missionary accounts of 
the trials they endure for the sake of 
the gospel and the opposition they 
face make you wonder how they 
keep going. Is it any wonder that 
missionaries are besieged with 
doubts, disease, and discourage- 
ment? Truly we need to pray with- 

out ceasing for our missionaries. 

Before criticizing a missionary for 
an apparent lack of results or con- 
verts, we should check our prayer 
life. Are we praying as Paul re- 
quested in I Thessalonians 3:1-2 — 
"Finally, brethren, pray for us, that 
the word of the Lord may have free 
course, and be glorified, even as it is 
with you, and that we may be deli- 
vered from unreasonable and wicked 
men"? Let us ask ourselves if we are 
holding the ropes. [+] 

Giving in Absentia 

(continued from page 5) 
ministry of The Brethren Church." 

The purpose of the foundation is to 
generate endowment funds for spe- 
cial and innovative projects, not sup- 
port for program operating purposes. 
Some possible projects might in- 
clude, but would not be limited to: 
leadership development, major capi- 
tal improvements, research and de- 
velopment funds for new ministries, 
special publications, or pastoral sab- 

To implement this strategy, The 
General Conference established a 
three-member board of trustees to: 

(1) oversee the generation of funds; 

(2) manage the investment portfolio; 
and (3) distribute proceeds for proj- 
ects in harmony with the objectives 
of the foundation. Provision has also 
been made for the foundation to ad- 
minister gifts designated for exist- 
ing Brethren ministries. 

People who believe in The Breth- 
ren Church and want to further its 
work — now and for generations to 
come — can choose any of several 
methods of doing so, including direct 
gifts of money, securities, or prop- 
erty to The Brethren Church Foun- 

First, there are five types of life 
income gifts that enable you to pro- 
vide life income for yourself (and a 
survivor). Life income gifts yield 
substantial tax and financial bene- 
fits for you. At the same time, you 
increase the resources of The Breth- 
ren Church. Though space prohibits 
full description of these "deferred 
gifts," each is listed with a short de- 

The Charitable Remainder Uni- 
trust: The donor irrevocably trans- 
fers money, securities, or both to a 
trust that pays him/her income for 
life based on a percentage of the 

trust's fair market value, which is 
established each year. The trust can 
also provide income for a survivor 
for life. Then the trust assets become 
the property of The Brethren 
Church Foundation. 

The Charitable Remainder An- 
nuity Trust: The donor transfers 
money, securities, or both to a trust 
that pays him/her a fixed amount 
annually for life. The trust can also 
provide income for a survivor. Then 
the trust principal belongs to The 
Brethren Church Foundation. 

Both trust arrangements provide 
considerable tax deductions in the 
year they are created. The older the 
income beneficiary, the higher the 
charitable deduction. 

The Pooled Income Fund: The 
donor transfers money, securities, or 
both to our pooled income fund and 
receives annual income for the rest 
of his/her life. Then the gift becomes 
the property of The Brethren 
Church Foundation. This type of gift 
offers a sizable charitable contribu- 
tion deduction in the year of the gift 
and is a way to shift appreciated in- 
vestments without paying a tax on 
their appreciation. 

The Charitable Gift Annuity: The 
donor transfers money or securities 
to The Brethren Church Foundation; 
in exchange, he/she receives a fixed 
amount annually (a survivor may 
also benefit) for life. The transfer 
is part gift and part purchase of an 

The Deferred Payment Gift An- 
nuity: The donor who has sufficient 
current income but who may need 
the income his/her capital earns 
later may favor this plan. It provides 
income starting at retirement and 
saves income taxes now. 

There are several other ways The 
Brethren Church Foundation may 
encourage charitable giving. These 


A gift of your home or farm; you 
retain life occupancy: By making 
such a gift, you (and a survivor) may 
enjoy life occupancy and save taxes 
on this year's tax return. A gift of 
this type, with retained life resi- 
dency for you, gives you the same es- 
tate tax benefits as a gift by will, 
and it saves probate costs. 

The Revocable Charitable Re- 
mainder Trust: Some donors can't 
afford to make sizable gifts now be- 
cause they need the income from 
their assets and may have to count 
on the principal if income is insuffi- 
cient. While the income tax deduc- 
tion benefits associated with the ir- 
revocable trust are not available in 
this case, the donor does receive all 
of the trust income for life. At his/ 
her death, the remaining assets in 
the trust are delivered outright to 
The Brethren Church Foundation. 

A gift by will: Many Brethren will 
make charitable gifts by bequests in 
their wills. The federal government 
allows an unlimited estate tax 
charitable deduction for gifts to The 
Brethren Church Foundation. 

A contingent life insurance desig- 
nation: Anyone may designate The 
Brethren Church Foundation as the 
primary beneficiary (or contingent 
beneficiary in case there are no sur- 
viving close family members) of a 
life insurance policy. 

Someday, like William Jones, we 
too will be long gone from this life. 
But through The Brethren Church 
Foundation, the fruits of our labor 
can continue working for the cause 
of Christ and His Church. For more 
information on ways of making your 
gift, contact: Mr. Steve Williams, 
Chairman, The Brethren Church 
Foundation, 524 College Avenue, 
Ashland, OH 44805. 

March 1988 

Let Us Be Brethren 

"For one is your Master, even Christ; 
and ali ye are brethren. " 

Matthew 23:8 

The Brethren Church: 
One Generation From Extinction 

By Moderator Dale R. Stoffer 

No, I am not one of those doom- 
sayers who believes the church 
is dying. (I want to dispel that myth 
in another article.) But I did want to 
get your attention in order to rein- 
force a truth that is vitally impor- 
tant to The Brethren Church and to 
other churches in the Believers' 
Church tradition. 

Because Believers' Churches (un- 
like churches that practice infant 
baptism) base membership solely 
upon conversion (even those who 
come into the chxirch by transfer 
must give evidence of conversion in 
the form of a letter of transfer), 
there is no guarantee that such a 
church will continue to exist beyond 
the present generation. This is the 
truth behind the statement, "A Be- 
lievers' Church is only one genera- 
tion away from extinction." In other 
writings I have emphasized that our 
church must therefore place special 
priority on two activities: evan- 
gelism, which I focused on two 
months ago, and teaching, the sub- 
ject of this article. 

A Bible Church 

R. R. Teeter, editor of the Evan- 
gelist between 1915 and 1918, rein- 
forced the importance of a solid 
teaching ministry in the church. He 
wrote: "We are distinctively a Bible 
Church. We seek to build our faith 
not upon human documents, but 
upon the inspired Word of God. For 
the Brethren church to become weak 

on the teaching side is nothing less 
than ecclesiastical suicide." 

As I survey the field of education 
in The Brethren Church, I see areas 
of strength. But I also see areas of 
weakness. I want to direct my 
thoughts to the education of two seg- 
ments in the church: youth and 

Taking full responsibility 

Educational efforts for both youth 
and adults must be the concern of 
every level of the church: local, dis- 
trict, and national. Each level needs 
to take full responsibility for its own 
part and also must be willing to 
cooperate with, and not just criticize, 
the others. The more we begin to see 
our problems as issues for which we 
are all responsible, the more head- 
way we will make in dealing with 

We all realize that our youth are 
the future of the church. But at 
times I wonder if this realization is 
being translated into action. It is 
frequently difficult to get adults to 
commit themselves to working with 
youth. What does this say to our 
young people about the priority we 
place upon them? 

I am thankful that I grew up in an 
era in the church when adult leaders 
at local, district, and national levels 
seemed to have a strong commit- 
ment to seeing a solid youth pro- 
gram move forward. But as I look at 
my own generation of adults, I ques- 

tion whether that same commitment 
to support local youth groups, camp 
programs, district youth rallies, and 
the national youth program still 

Another concern I have is a notion 
contained in the frequently-made 
statement, "We need to find some- 
thing to keep the youth busy." (Lis- 
ten to yourself and others in local, 
distict, and national settings and 
you will hear this stated. I must con- 
fess that I have said it myself at 
times.) The usual solution is to en- 
tertain our young people with a host 
of diversions made possible by our 
technological society. 

There are two problems with this 
approach. First, if we constantly are 
doing things for the youth, we never 
incorporate them into the decision- 
making and program-planning proc- 
ess. Youth are thereby not able to 
develop ownership of the program 
and they do not learn the skills of 

Second, this approach contains the 
serious flaw that it fails to prepare 
youth for the spiritual, emotional, 
and moral battles which they are 
facing and will continue to face in 
the world. We need to show our 
youth that Christianity provides 
real answers for the serious issues 
with which this world confronts 

The primary agencies for adult 
Christian education have been Sun- 
day school and mid-week Bible 
study (in some churches Sunday 
evening services are also devoted to 
this purpose). Charles Beekley has 
acquainted the denomination with 
the decline in Sunday school attend- 
ance during the last two decades. 
(This trend is true of most denomi- 
nations). With regard to these pro- 
grams, most of our churches face 
similar problems: busy schedules; 
lack of teachers; burnout among 
teachers; "I've never done it before"; 
and dry, unprepared lessons. 

The good news 

The good news is that both the 
Board of Christian Education and 
the Seminary provide excellent 
leadership training for the Sunday 
school. The Seminary's "Seminary 
for a Day" program has also brought 
ideas to the districts. Be sure to take 
advantage of these opportunities. 

(continued on next page) 

The Brethren Evangeust 










Planning and Implementing Your 

Partnership in Ministry 


This is the second in a series of articles 
containing program suggestions and 
devotion ideas for Laymen in local con- 
gregations. The first article appeared in 
the December Evangelist. This second 
article deals with planning and imple- 
menting Christian service goals in the 
local church. 

WELL, MEN, how is your 
partnership in ministry with 
the pastor of your local congregation 
developing? Have you started build- 
ing that relationship by discovering 
what spiritual gifts God has blessed 
your men with, as those gifts are 
listed in I Corinthians 12 and Ephe- 
sians 4:11-13? And have you sat 
down with your pastor and begun 
identifying the needs within your 
congregation and community in 
order to match those needs with the 
gifts you have discovered? I hope 
that your answers to all three of 
these questions are affirmative. 

Plan for results 

If your ministry to and through 
your local congregation is going to 
have positive results, planning for 
those results must be a necessary in- 
gredient in your partnership. Can 
you imagine several men entering a 
business partnership without any 
kind of forethought or planning 
about what they want to accomplish 
and how they plan to accomplish it? 

God expects us to use the same 
sound business practices in carrying 
on the church's ministry that are 
used in secular business enterprises. 
God Himself used a plan from the 
very beginning of creation. Having 
observed the organized relationship 
of all the elements of God's wonder- 
ful creation, can you possibly believe 
that God carried out the creation 
without a plan? (Of course, the 

March 1988 

By Gene A. Geaslen, 
President, National Laynnen's Organization 

evolutionist can't trust in planning 
because he believes that "Nothing 
plus nobody with no plans equals 

A simple example of God's plan- 
ning is evident in the creation of 
woman in order to meet man's need 
for companionship. Psalm 40:5 as- 
sures us that God has planned far 
beyond what we can comprehend, 
and Proverbs 14:22 tells us that we 
can plan either good or evil and that 
the consequences of both are evi- 
dent. God has included each of us in 
His master plan, as is evident from 
Ephesians 1:11. We have been given 
the free will to choose either God's 
plan or to go off on our own, but the 
results and consequences are di- 
rectly related to our planning. 

We can become involved in God's 
plan for His world as we reach out to 
meet the needs of the people we 
come in contact with every day. God 
has assured us that we were in- 
cluded in His plan from the very be- 
ginning, as pointed out in Ephesians 
1:11-14. He has also told us that 
what we do in His name for our fel- 
lowman should be done in the same 
spirit as if we were doing it directly 
for our Lord Jesus Christ Himself 
(see Matt. 25:34-46). 

Let's get planning men! After you 
have identified your needs and the 
talents and gifts your men possess to 
meet those needs, set up some realis- 
tic goals you will seek to accomplish 
within the next year. Remember, a 
goal must be specific and measura- 
ble within a given time frame. 

Define your approach 

Next, define what approach you 
plan to use, and establish some defi- 
nite events or acts, along with 
specific dates, that will enable you 

to meet your goals. Feel free to refer 
to the goals of the National 
Laymen's Organization, as printed 
on page 17 of the December issue of 
The Brethren Evangelist, for some 
ideas or examples. 

Write a summary 

Take time to record what you are 
doing in a short, written summary, 
with some photographs if possible. 
Send that summary and the photos 
to our secretary. Bob Crowe, or to 
me. Also remember to send a list of 
your members and officers, along 
with your dues of $2.00 per member, 
to our treasurer, Virgil Barnhart. 
See the above mentioned page in the 
Evangelist for addresses. 

Pray, find purpose, define needs, 
discover spiritual gifts, set goals, 
work together, and serve as 
PARTNERS for the glory of God! [t] 

Let Us Be Brethren 

(continued from previous page) 
Try some new approaches to old 
problems. If the midweek service is 
going nowhere, move it out of the 
church by beginning home Bible 
studies run by capable leaders. If 
lack of teachers and burnout is a 
problem, try developing two rota- 
tions of teachers with each rotation 
serving six months on and six 
months off. Experiment with more 
adult electives in a variety of areas: 
Scripture, family life, social issues, 
church history, theology, etc. 

Let us never become deficient in 
our educational programs for youth 
and adults, for, as Teeter observed, 
that will be "ecclesiastical suicide." 
We will be Brethren only to the ex- 
tent that we "seek to know the Lord 
and practice what we know" — and 
that necessitates teaching! [t] 

Brethren World Missions 

Of Brethren 
Missionary Movements: 

A Continuing Saga 

By James R. Black, Executive Director, 
Missionary Board of The Brethren Church 

RECENTLY I again picked up a copy of History 
of Brethren Missionary Movements by Albert T. 
Ronk. The cover photo, designed by Brother Howard 
Mack, symbolizes the progression of Brethren mis- 
sionary movements through 1970. It is an arresting 
cover. But I'm glad that Brethren history is still 
being written and that missions continue to be a 
part of the story. 

Dr. M. Virgil Ingraham wrote the foreward to this 
history. The final paragraph of this foreword reads: 
"May we ever keep in mind, as we read this history, 
the truth that this story as yet has no final chapter. 
The work of missions goes on, and must continue 
with ever-increasing vigor in the needy fields 
around the world, until our Lord Himself shall come 
to write the final page." 

And so we Brethren continue to add pages to our 
missionary history. Since 1970 we have added 

Malaysia, Colombia, Mexico, and Paraguay, and we 
pray that soon we will add Peru and France to the 
growing list of countries experiencing the presence 
of The Brethren Church. Brethren work overseas is 
growing, in spite of the ever-present problems: 

Dr. Albert T. Ronk wrote in the opening pages of 
his book: 

To Every Brethren Missioner: 
— Going in person — 
— Giving in support — 
— Teaching for enlightenment — 
— Praying for results — 
This study is dedicated. 

Someday the final page will be written. Brethren 
of today may not be upon earth when the copy goes 
to press, but we will have made our contribution. 

To God be the glory. [t] 

A Letter of Thanks 
From the Kerners 

To the Brethren: 

Having arrived in Colombia in 
November, we felt it would be ap- 
propriate to send you a letter express- 
ing our thanks for so many things. 

Rev. David and Diane Kerner are new 
Brethren missionaries to Colombia, 
South American. An article about their 
"First Days on the Mission Field" 
appeared in the February Evangelist. 


We send a heartfelt thanks to 
the entire denomination for your 
prayers and financial support. You 
have shown your love for us as well 
as your love for the Lord and your 
faith in the work of the Holy Spirit 
by your sacrifices of time and 
money. As a family, we send you our 

We wish to thank the many con- 
gregations that hosted us with such 

wonderful love and hospitality from 
April through September. We en- 
joyed the opportunity to share with 
you a few of our hopes for the work 
in Colombia, and we are glad to 
have gotten acquainted with so 
many of you. Thank you for inviting 
us and, in so doing, showing a vital 
interest not only in the ministry in 
Colombia, but in the overall work of 
The Brethren Church in both home 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Brethren World Missions 

Karla seems to enjoy helping her daddy unpack the barrels, in which their things 
were sent from the U.S., but David seems a bit perplexed by the task. 

and foreign missions. 

We send warm greetings and 
grateful thanks to the members and 
friends of the First Brethren Church 
of Goshen, Ind. We are still praising 
God for your love, support, and 
patience as we filled out papers, 
traveled, packed, and prepared for 
the work in Colombia. Your love 
gave us strength, courage, and com- 
fort, and we praise the Lord for His 
ministry to us through your lives. 
Thank you! A special thanks to Don 
and Charlene Rowser for all the 
prayers and God-given counsel in 
this entire venture. 

We thank God often for the special 
ministry of Jim Black, Stan Gentle, 
and Ginny Hoyt in handling 
thousands of details and stacks of 
paperwork on behalf of us and every 
other Brethren missionary. Truly 
your hard work makes our work 

We thank the Lord for so many 
areas of help and ministry in our 
move to Bogota. Our visas were 
granted in a remarkably short 
period of time, for which we are 
especially grateful. 

Despite missing our scheduled de- 
parture night, we were able to make 
connections all the way through to 
Bogota on the same day, and the 
Logan family was on hand to pick us 

March 1988 

up and give us our first taste of 
Colombian-style driving (which 
makes even Tijuana seem tame). We 
praise the Lord for the hospitality, 
patience, and love of the Logans as 
we lived with them for two months 
and drove them to distraction with 
questions about everything from 
mailing letters to finding our way 
around town on the buses. 

We thank God for keeping us safe 
as we have been learning our way 
around in both a strange city and a 
new culture. We have been able to 
enjoy a sense of physical safety as 
well as emotional well-being due to 
the presence of the Lord. God has 
provided us with good friends in the 
Villa del Rio congregation, notably 
the family of Fabio and Claudia 

We thank the Lord for having 
brought us to Colombia — a land of 
amazing natural beauty and intense 
spiritual thirst. We continue to be 
amazed by both the potential and 
the problems facing The Brethren 
Church in Colombia. A few weeks 
after our arrival we were able to at- 
tend the national conference of The 
Brethren Church in Colombia, held 
in the city of Medellin. Despite a 
year of tremendous difficulties and 
many setbacks, the overall spirit of 
the conference was one of unwaver- 

ing faithfulness and ongoing com- 

The Brethren in Colombia remain 
excited about their Lord and their 
church. Though in many areas the 
Colombian church is still struggling 
to develop (as in leadership train- 
ing), it is blessed with a remarkable 
faith and a powerful ministry in 

We thank the Lord for His faith- 
fulness to us day after day. He 
knows what we need, and never fails 
to provide for us, whether it be help 
with government paperwork, an 
apartment of our own, or the many 
cards and letters from the Brethren, 
which seem to reach us just when we 
most need the encouragement. God 
has opened many doors before us 
and has been able to use us despite 
our faults or lack of vision. While we 
will be struggling for some time yet 
to make ourselves understood in 
Spanish, we serve a Lord of im- 
mense power who is never left with- 
out a witness, for as the Psalmist re- 
minds us: 

The heavens declare the glory of 
the skies proclaim the work of his 

There is no speech or language 

where their voice is not heard. 
Their voice goes out into all the earth, 
their words to the ends of the 

(Psalm 19:1, 3-4, Niv) 

Finally, we express our thanks to 
God for the words of a hymn written 
more than a hundred years ago by a 
Welsh evangelist named William 
Williams. As we look ahead to the 
work before us in Colombia, we find 
our thoughts mirrored in his words: 

Guide me, Thou great Jehovah, 
Pilgrim through this barren land. 
I am weak, BUT THOU ART 

Hold me with Thy powerful hand; . . . 

God bless The Brethren Church! 
We send you our love and ask for 
your continued prayers and support. 
The Kerner Family 
Dave & Diane 
Erin, Karla 


Brethren World Missions 

Visible Accomplishments 
In India 

By Rev. K. Prasanth Kumar 

THE LORD guided our efforts in 
1987 and blessed our work with 
many visible accomplishments. I am 
pleased with the number of people I 
had the privilege of baptizing during 
the year. We now have a total of 
2,305 baptized members. 

Many lives were blessed by the 
visit of Jim and Shirley Black last 
November. We all enjoyed their 
Christian fellowship. A highlight of 
their visit and of our year was the 
inauguration service on November 
1, 1987, of the new work in Hyder- 
abad, capital of our state, Andhra 
Pradesh. During the past year my 
wife, Nirmala, and I traveled to 
Hyderabad several times with some 
of the Brethren pastors to build up 
the congregation through personal 
witness and evangelism. 

A building was rented in 
Hyderabad where we were able to 
locate the Brethren Service Center 
and start a sewing school for the 
destitute women of the area. A 
teacher was secured and our first 
class of 24 women began. During the 
inauguration service, Shirley pre- 
sented a sewing machine donated by 
Mrs. Sue Nutt of Peru, Ind., to one of 
the poor women. 

Our annual Brethren Convention 
was held January 16-18, 1987, in 
the village of Thetagunta. The Lord 
touched many hearts during that 
convention, and I had the privilege 
of baptizing 34 people who came for- 
ward during the meetings to commit 
their lives to Jesus. 

Every year we look forward to the 
Lenten cottage prayer meetings. 
Each Brethren congregation holds 
40 nightly meetings from Ash 
Wednesday to Easter in the homes 
of church members. By doing this we 
are able to take the Gospel to many 
non-Christians. In Visakhapatnam 
19 people accepted the Lord, and I 
baptized them on Easter Sunday. 

In November, thanksgiving festi- 
vals were held in both Rajahmundry 

and Visakhapat- 
nam. Various 
booths were set 
up to help raise 
money for the 
Lord's work. Of 
course, we were 
able to bring the 
Gospel message 
to the unsaved 
in attendance. 
In Rajahmundry, 
we had the op- 
portunity to Q^^^^ ^^^^^ ^f y^^^ 

present a nar- 
rative story of the life of Christ, 
called the Burrakata, to almost 400 
people. In Visakhapatnam, we were 
pleased that Rev. Black was able to 
bring the message. 

During the Christmas season Nir- 
mala and I participated in several 
Christmas Gospel meetings. We 
were with a different congregation 
each night from December 13 to 
January 3. This included the first 
Christmas celebration in Hyderabad 
on December 22. We were in Visak- 
hapatnam for Christmas eve service 
and Rajahmundry for Christmas 
morning worship. We thank God for 
His protection during our travels. 

In addition to the many special 
events during the year, we were 
kept busy by our routine activities. 










which World Relief funds helped make possible. 

We had revival meetings, youth 
meetings, women's meetings, and 
special prayer meetings. Many of 
these were held in remote villages, 
where the response was tremendous. 
We only finished one village prayer 
house last year, but hope more will 
be constructed this year. 

We are still involved in many re- 
lief activities, such as the distribu- 
tion of food, clothing, and medical 
help. This work has been greatly 
helped by the portable generator 
purchased with funds donated by the 
Dutchtown, Muncie, and New Leba- 
non Brethren Churches. 

With the help of World Relief, we 
were able to dig a well at the Vi- 
sakhapatnam church. We are now 
able to provide the poor in our area 
with free water. We still run schools 
for sewing and typing and an or- 
phanage for 30 boys. We had to 
make some changes with our church 
and school builidings, since we could 
no longer rent the home the boys 
had been living in. 

Finally, all of us working with the 
Brethren Mission in India would 
like to thank you for your prayers 
and financial support. Nirmala and I 
would especially like to thank you 
for your personal letters and prayers 
on our behalf The Lord has been 
good to us this past year, and we 
count it a blessing to have you as 
our brothers and sisters. [t] 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Brethren World Missions 

Major Events In 1987 
In Malaysia 

By Rev. David Loi 

The earth will be full of the knowl- 
edge of the Lord as the waters cover 
the sea (Isa. 11:9). It is with this vis- 
ion before us that we praise the Lord 
for His mercy and rededicate our- 
selves to His service. 

We wish to thank you for your 
news and your greetings — they 
mean a lot to us. Thank you also for 
your keen interest and your faithful- 
ness in supporting Brethren World 
Missions. We wish to tell you about 
some of our major events in 1987. 

We continue to work closely with 
the Malaysian Campus Crusade for 
Christ, which sponsored the "New 
Hope" musical concert on March 30. 
The troupe members were Chinese 
Christians from Sabah in East 
Malaysia, natives of an area once 
known for its headhunters. 

Camps and outings are two very 
important ways for us to strengthen 
our Christian lives. In cooperation 
with the Southern Johor Baru 
Church Association, our junior 
youth attended camp from April 13 
to 17, and our older youth and young 
adults attended a one-day outing on 
May 1. I was pleased with the 
growth our youth experienced. 

The young members of our Johor 
Baru violin troupe traveled to 
Penang on December 14 to perform 
Christmas carols for our Brethren 
there. We all enjoyed our three days 
of fellowship. 

After returning home, we had a 
special "Christmas Week" from 
December 21 to 27. On the 23rd we 
had a party for the children, with 
food, games, and a children's service 
during which we sang carols and I 
presented a short message. Then we 
had a caroling party and were able 
to visit both Christian and non- 
Christian homes. 

On Christmas day we had a spe- 
cial service in the morning. Then in 
the evening we enjoyed the fellow- 
ship of our Christian friends around 
the dinner table at the home of 

March 1988 

The children enjoyed a Christmas party at Johor Baru on December 23. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ling Soon-Long. 

Last year was also a busy one for 
the workers in Penang. Two groups 
of children meet there on Saturday. 
Madam Hong Hee-Ying, a kinder- 
garten teacher, is in charge of the 
younger group, and Pastor David 
Chew teaches the older children. 

Most of the children are from the 
neighborhood, but some must be 
picked up in our van. A majority of 
them are from poor families and at 
least 90 percent are from Buddhist 
homes. From time to time parents 
come to observe the meetings. They 
are beginning to understand Chris- 
tianity and respect what we are 
doing. This is why they allow their 
children to attend. 

The junior youth meeting is held 
at the same time as the children's 
meeting, with Mrs. Lily Chew in 
charge and a regular attendance of 
15. These young people are very 
teachable. Not only do they accept 
the teacher's instruction, but they 
are also anxious to seek the truth. 
We are really encouraged by the fact 
that their parents, most of whom are 
non-Christians, allow them to at- 
tend. Mrs. Chew encourages the 
youth to memorize one verse of 
Scripture each week. Each person is 
given a book, and a picture is pasted 
in the book if he or she memorizes 
the verse. 

The young people are the pillars of 
the Penang Mission. They know how 
to organize the Friday night youth 
meeting and are in charge of most of 
it. The rapport between Pastor Chew 
and the youth is very good. Even so, 
they have a lot of problems. Some 
are very emotional, so their zeal to 
serve the Lord soon vanishes and 
they leave the church. Unemploy- 
ment is another problem, and many 
of the youth will leave the area to go 
to other cities for employment. Still, 
new people are being attracted to 
our church. 

Recently, Pastor Chew worked out 
a plan to motivate the youth by pro- 
viding them with an opportunity to 
speak at the youth meetings. He 
helps them with the speaking mate- 
rials. We hope that some of them 
will hear the Lord's call to the 
ministry. Many of the youth have 
not yet been baptized. Pastor Chew 
spends a lot of time trying to per- 
suade them, and he sometimes en- 
gages other speakers to preach per- 
suasive messages. We do need your 
prayers on this matter. 

Finally, thank you again for your 
important part in our ministry and 
for your prayers as we continue to 
serve our Lord. We deeply ap- 
preciate your encouragement. 

May His face shine down upon you 
all, and may He give you peace, [t] 


Brethren World Missions 

Mission Outreach 
Into Paraguay 

PARAGUAY is a country about 
the size of California with a 
population of approximately three 
million (about the same as the state 
of Colorado). It is a land-locked 
country located between Argentina, 
Bolivia, and Brazil. 

The capital, Asuncion, is a city of 
contrasts, with" many rich people as 
well as many of the' very poorest. 
These extremes are due to two major 
factors. One is the fact that the land, 
for the most part, is held by rich 
city-dwellers, with few farmers own- 
ing the land they cultivate. Typi- 
cally, the land is held by the rich 
and is worked by poor peons. The 
other cultural factor is the presence 
of Indian tribes. The Indians are 
largely nomadic and thus live a pre- 
carious lifestyle. 

The population of Asuncion is 
roughly divided into three groups: 
the upper class, made up of those 
who govern and hold the riches; the 
middle class, made up of small busi- 
ness people; and the large lower 
class, made up of semi-skilled or un- 
skilled workers. To effectively wit- 
ness in this country, it is necessary 
to clearly define which class you 
want to reach. If you want to reach 
all three levels, then three different 
churches must be organized, because 
the people will not cross cultural 
barriers to become part of a church. 

The language of the lower class is 
the Indian language Guarani. In 
order to effectively witness to In- 
dians, one must learn Guarani. They 
do speak Spanish, but it is a second 
language and they are uncomforta- 
ble in it. For the middle and upper 
classes, Spanish is the primary lan- 
guage of communication. 

In February 1987, The Brethren 
Church began a work in Asuncion. 

Mr. Winter, a Brethren missionary to 
Argentina, is assisting in the mission 
outreach of the Argentine Brethren 
Church into Paraguay. 

By William 

The Anzulovich family (Argentine 
missionaries) began efforts to estab- 
lish churches in Asuncion and its 
suburbs. The family has located in a 
neighborhood which has a mixture 
of social levels. Some of the people 
are beginning to respond to the 
work, and on Sunday, November 15, 
1987, the first two people were bap- 
tized by the Brethren in Paraguay. 
Because of the openness to the Gos- 
pel in Paraguay at this time, we feel 
certain that these two people will 
soon be followed by others. 

-^ -^**%t 

The first Brethren baptism in Paraguay. 

The baptism of these two people is 
the result of a city-wide campaign, 
involving a number of churches, in 
which the Anzuloviches partici- 
pated. The large response to this 
campaign was unheard of in 
Paraguay. Now that the campaign is 
over, the enormous job of following 
up the people who made acknowl- 
edgments of faith remains. 

It would appear that the Lord led 
us to locate our first efforts in a very 
responsive neighborhood. Some es- 
tablished churches that participated 
in the campaign received as few as 
30 prospect cards from people who 
made manifestations of faith. The 
Anzuloviches, on the other hand, re- 
ceived about 200 cards for the im- 
mediate area, plus nearly 200 more 
cards for outlying areas, which had 
no participating churches. They 
called me to come and help them 
with the follow-up work because 


In two weeks I processed 72 pros- 
pect cards, 26 of which were very 
positive. Of course, Juan Antonio 
and his wife, Beatrice, had been 
working prior to my arrival, and 
they had five baptismal candidates 
ready, two of whom were baptized 
(three did not show at the last min- 

As we reflected on the number of 
prospect cards we had received, we 
marveled and thanked God for his 
gift. Normally it would take years to 
develop a positive prospect list such 
as was handed to us. 

In just the two years since our ini- 
tial exploration trip to Paraguay, 
the response of the people has 
changed greatly. I should note, how- 
ever, that the 26 prospects that I 
processed are not necessarily born 
again believers (although some are). 
But they are people who made an 
acknowledgment of their need of the 
Lord in a public gathering and who 
showed a positive response to my 
visit. Much more work is required to 
lead them to a commitment to the 
Lord and participation in the 
church. Some studies show that an 
average of six visits are needed after 
a person receives Christ in a context 
outside of the local church in order 
to bring them into fellowship with a 

The strategy at this time is to 
form a mother church with small 
seed groups in other neighborhoods. 
As time goes on these seed groups, 
hopefully, will develop into indepen- 
dent churches. 

Pray for a good solid group of 
people who will take up the respon- 
sibility to witness to their own and 
who will raise up and support 
teachers, evangelists, pastors, and 
missionaries. [t] 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Peace and the Workplace 

By Phil Lersch, Chair, Brethren Peace Committee 

FOR SOME PEOPLE, decisions 
about where they work and the 
kind of work they do every day are 
cause for no special concern or tur- 
moil of conscience. 

Even some Christians who work 
in military-related industries ex- 
perience no conflict between their 
beliefs about Christ and the church 
and the work they do for a living. 
I'm assuming they feel that main- 
taining a good job and providing for 
a family are responsible things to 
do, and that it's a plus if you have 
the skills to do the job and like the 
work. And I suppose many people 
sense no problem at all in earning a 
living from military-related con- 
tracts, because they believe it helps 
protect the people of our country and 
the freedoms we enjoy. 

But other workers struggle with 
real conflicts of conscience between 
their convictions about following 
Christ and work they may be asked 
to do that supports some aspect of 
militarism. It's those conflicts of con- 
science that I invite you to think 
about in this article. 

The examples given and some of 
the comments that follow are 
adapted from the Mennonite "Peace 
Section" Newsletter, the January/ 
February 1988 issue, and are used 
by permission. Titus and Linda 
Peachey are the authors. The names 
used in the cases cited have been 
changed to maintain anonymity. 

Some Mennonites in Lancaster 
County, Pa., are facing serious ques- 
tions about their work, as reflected 
by the following examples. These 
are only samples of the variety and 
complexity of the ethical problems 
presented to some Christians through 
their contacts with militarism. 

Mahlon Weber 

Mahlon is a heavy equipment 
mechanic/operator for an excavator, 

March 1988 

and was assigned to work on the 
construction of a weapons manufac- 
turing facility. He asked his super- 
visor if he could be shifted to 
another project in order to avoid 
military-related work. He didn't ex- 
pect that his decision would have 
any impact on the progress of con- 
struction, but he was motivated 
to be faithful to his Christian con- 
science. His choice was a witness for 
peace and a challenge to his 
employer to consider the ethical is- 
sues involved. 

Richard Miller 

Richard does sales and estimating 
for a construction firm and was also 
assigned to the same construction 
project as Mahlon. Independently, 
he also asked to be shifted to 
another project. As noted by 
Richard, "It would be hard to talk 
about peace while working on a 
facility which prepares for war." 

An interesting aspect to Richard's 
case is his entitlement to company 
profit-sharing. Realizing that a por- 
tion of the company's profits come 
from the construction of military- 
related facilities, Richard wondered 
whether he should accept his share. 
His decision was to give 100% of 
these profits to the church. In this 
way he refuses to benefit personally 
from that which his conscience can- 
not accept. 

Richard's choice raises an impor- 
tant question for all of us: Can we 
maintain an active and relevant 
peace witness while benefiting finan- 
cially from military contracts? Con- 
sidered more broadly, to what extent 
will our peace witness be com- 
promised as we enjoy a comfortable 
prosperity defended by unprec- 
edented military power? 

Mark, Retired Engineer 

Since his former employer han- 

dled numerous prime military con- 
tracts, Mark had to carefully 
scrutinize the work assigned to him 
in order to be faithful to his con- 
science. Each time Mark was asked 
to work on military-related prod- 
ucts, he declined. 

Over a period of years this was 
an emotionally draining experience. 
There were many ambiguities in- 
volved in determining whether or 
not a product had a direct mili- 
tary application. It took courage and 
persistence for him to repeatedly ex- 
plain his convictions to the manage- 
ment. For Mark there were also fi- 
nancial costs. As a result of his 
stance, his job performance rating 
was lowered. Future salary raises 
were tied to the lowered perfor- 
mance rating. 

Through these experiences, how- 
ever, Mark felt the care and support 
of others in his church and was par- 
ticularly appreciative of a pastor 
who located two job openings in his 
field, in case he decided to change 

Defense Contractor 

A local Lancaster defense contrac- 
tor announced plans to build an ar- 
tillery fuse factory in Communist 
China — the first military contract 
involving the U.S. and China. A 
Lancaster newspaper editorial was a 
bit skeptical about doing this kind of 
business with a Communist govern- 
ment, but applauded the influx of 
dollars for a major Lancaster 


These experiences suggest that 
there are opportunities for witness 
and dangers of compromise in our 
places of employment. Certainly our 
congregations should be places where 
we can support and counsel one 
(continued on next page) 




Bryan First Brethren Church Begins 
Year-Long Centennial Celebration 

Bryan, Ohio — The First Brethren 
Church of Bryan initiated a year-long 
celebration of its 100th anniversary 
with a special service on the first Sun- 
day of 1988. 

This opening celebration on Janu- 
ary 3 included installation of church 
officers, a message by member Fred 
Brandon, congregational pictures, and 
a balloon relesse in front of the church 
building. Attendance for the service 
was 165. 

The Bryan Church was formed 100 
years ago when Samuel and Sarah A. 
Keiser (the only two members of The 
Brethren Church in the area), William 
Wineland, Elizabeth Wineland, and 
Ermie Newcomer banned together in a 
temporary organization. 

The first house of worship, measur- 
ing 34 ft. by 52 ft., was built at a cost 
of $1,700 and was dedicated June 24, 
1894. This "little white church on the 
corner" was located at the northeast 
corner of South Main and East Wilson 
streets in Bryan. Additions were con- 
structed in 1938 and 1956. 

Then on October 12, 1967, the con- 
gregation decided to construct a new 

Peace Points of View 

(continued from page 15.) 
another regarding these difficult 

Business persons and manufactur- 
ers also wonder about the ways in 
which their business relationships 
contribute to military interests. Con- 
tractual agreements with defense 
contractors, or the supply of non- 
lethal goods and services to the mili- 
tary are common opportunities. How 
should such relationships be 
evaluated? Does our commitment to 
peace and nonresistance provide 
clarity for these kinds of decisions? 

The extension of the military into 
our private economy poses new chal- 
lenges for all who want to live 
Christ's way of peace and reconcilia- 
tion. In a sense, the workplace has 
become a new arena for some to dis- 
cover the meaning of conscientious 
objection to war. Confronted with 
complex ethical questions, we need 
wisdom from God and a new willing- 
ness to seek answers together. [f] 

church building on five acres of land 
made available on the D.A. Erlsten 
farm, located on County Roads C & 13. 
The dedication service for this build- 
ing was held April 26, 1970. 

Twenty-three pastors have served 
the Bryan Church during its 100 
years. Early pastors included J.H. 
Swihart, A.M. Ridenour, Martin 

Shively, P.M. Swihart, David Ritten- 
house. The most recent was Rev. Mar- 
lin L. McCann, who pastored the con- 
gregation for 12 years before accepting 
a call to the North Manchester, Ind., 
Brethren Church last November. 

Other special services and events 
are being planned for the remainder of 
Bryan's centennial year by a commit- 
tee consisting of Jim Manning, Jeff 
Brandon, Dave Schairbaum, Lyle Rit- 
ter, Lenore Mansfield, Tammy Smith, 
and Louise Bishop. 
— reported by Louise Bishop, Cor. Sec. 

The Bryan congregation, holding 100 balloons, gathered at the front of the sanctuary 
for this photograph before going outside to release the balloons. 

Chad Hostetler to Serve on 
Mission Team to Australia 

Ky. - 

Chad Hos- 
tetler, a 
graduate of 
School, has 
been ac- 
cepted by 
Teen Mis- 
sions Inter- 
national to 
serve this 
Chad Hostetler summer on 

a mission team to Australia. 

Chad, known to many Brethren as 
"Psalty" from his part in the Lower 
Lights program, is currently a sopho- 
more at Berea College in Berea, Ky., 
where he is a communications major. 
He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Doran 

Hostetler of Lost Creek. His father is 
the administrator of Riverside Chris- 
tian School. 

In Australia, Chad's team will use 
drama to share the gospel with people 
from many nations who will visit the 
"Pavilion of Promise" at World Expo 
'88 in Bisbane. The team will also be 
sharing at local churches, schools, 
shopping malls, and beaches. Chad is 
scheduled to report to "The Lord's 
Boot Camp" in Florida on June 22 and 
will travel to Australia later in the 

New York, N.Y. — The number of 
"Scripture languages" increased by 36 
in 1987, bringing to 1,884 those lan- 
guages with at least one published 
book of the Bible, according to a recent 
report by the American Bible Society. 
Two of the 1,884 languages received 
their first full Bibles during 1987, 
bringing the count of languages with 
complete Bibles to 303. The number of 
languages with New Testaments in- 
creased by 38, bringing the total for 
that category to 670. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


General Conference to Feature 
Messages by Six Brethren Elders 

Columbus, Ohio — In accordance 
with the Conference theme, "Let Us 
Be Brethren," six Brethren elders will 
bring messages on concepts signifi- 
cant to our denominational heritage at 
this year's General Conference, to be 
held August 1-5 at Ashland College. 

Elder William Kerner, former 
Director of Pastoral Ministries for the 
church and now Home Missions 
Supervisor for the Missionary Board, 
will speak Tuesday evening on the 
lordship of Christ. 

On Wednesday morning. Elder 
Robert Westfall, pastor of the Pleasant 
Hill First Brethren Church, will 

explore the importance of Scripture for 

Then on Wednesday evening. Elder 
Leroy Solomon, pastor of the Winding 
Waters Brethren Church of Elkhart, 
Ind., will present a call to Christian 

Thursday morning's message, by Dr. 
Arden E. Gilmer, pastor of the Ash- 
land Park Street Brethren Church, 
will deal with the importance of ac- 
countability, integrity, and being 
people of our word. 

On Thursday evening. Dr. Jerry 
Flora, professor of New Testament 
Theology at Ashland Theological Sem- 

Three Commissioned for Special Service 
By Peru, Indiana, First Brethren Church 

Peru, Ind. — Elder George Brown, 
Mr. Amos Combs, and Mr. Wilbur D. 
Thomas were set apart for special 
ministry in a commissioning service 
held November 29 during the morning 
worship hour of the Peru First Breth- 
ren Church. 

Elder Brown, who has worked in 
prison ministry for nine years, was 
commissioned as a jail chaplain. Elder 
Brown is also associate pastor of the 
Peru congregation. 

Mr. Combs, who has filled pulpits 
for approximately 20 years, was set 
apart as a lay evangelist. 

Mr. Thomas, who has faithfully vis- 
ited the sick and shut-ins for many 
years, was commissioned as a hospital 

Elder James Thomas, pastor of the 
Peru congregation, presented a mes- 
sage on "Shared Ministry" for the spe- 

inary, will reexamine some of the his- 
toric Brethren emphases. 

And in the final message of the 
series on Friday morning, Dr. Fred 
Finks, vice president of Ashland 
Theological Seminary, will discuss the 
mutual commitment and love that 
should characterize Christians and 

In addition to these six messages. 
Dr. Dale R. Stoffer, the foremost 
Brethren Church historian, will share 
his insights on the church in his mod- 
erator's address on Tuesday morning. 

In looking forward to the August 
gathering, which will be the 100th 
General Conference of The Brethren 
Church, Moderator Stoffer com- 
mented, "I trust all of us will be in 
prayer for [this] Conference. The Lord 
has an exciting calling for us as Breth- 
ren, which we need both to know and 
fulfill. May all of us rededicate our- 
selves to this calling as we seek to 
serve the Lord, His church, and the 
world as Brethren." 

Peru Pastor James Thomas (I.) with (I. to r.l Mrs. Sue Brown. Elder George Brown, 
Mrs. June Combs, Amos Combs, Mrs. Caroline Thomas and Wilbur D. Thomas. 

cial service. He was assisted in the 
commissioning service by Elder Claude 
Stogsdill, pastor of the Loree Brethren 
Church of Bunker Hill, Ind. Music was 
presented by Susie Stout, who sang 

"Let Your Heart Be Broken." 

Following the service, the three 
newly commissioned men and their 
wives were honored at a carry-in din- 
ner in the church dining room. 

c^lfe Pontius' Puddle 



March 1988 




Sandy Dils and Nancy Wilson, 

members of the Masontown, Pa., 
Brethren Church, toured Israel, Jor- 
dan, and Egypt last September. On 
Sunday evening, November 29, they 
showed slides and souvenirs from 
their trip to members of their church. 

The Bryan, Ohio, First Brethren 
Church held an appreciation lunch- 

eon for its teachers on Saturday, Feb- 
ruary 20. Dr. Mary Ellen Drushal, as- 
sociate professor of Christian educa- 
tion at Ashland Theological Seminary, 
was the luncheon speaker. 

Members of the Muncie, Ind., First 
Brethren Church participated in and 
were entertained by a talent show on 
February 13. Sponsored by the 
church's music and social committees, 
the show included vocal and instru- 
mental numbers, a skit by the junior 
youth, and a ventriloquist. The event 
was also a time to say good-bye to Den- 
nis and Debbie Gaugler and to Jeff and 
Julie Miller, who are moving. 

Junior and Senior BYC members 

and their sponsors from the Bryan, 
Ohio, First Brethren Church hosted a 
Sweetheart Banquet on Sunday, Feb- 
ruary 14, in the church fellowship hall. 
Each young person made a date 

with an individual 60 years of age or 
older and accompanied that person to 
the banquet and to the program that 
followed. The youth and their sponsors 
provided the food for the banquet. 

Twelve members of the Waterloo, 
Iowa, First Brethren Church read 
through the Bible in 1987 — Viva 
Dietz, Lelia RuLon, Nadine Klinga- 
man, Helen Moser, Zatha Willliam- 
son, Helen Jordan, Rachel Kraft, 
Leona Glaspie, Helen Glessner, Abe 
Glessner, Charles Brown, and Pastor 
Lynn Mercer. 

Mark Britton, pastor of the Corinth 
Brethren Church of Twelve Mile, Ind., 
will begin serving the Bryan, Ohio, 
First Brethren Church in early April. 

Dan Lawson, pastor of the Valley 
Brethren Church, Jones Mills, Pa., 
will begin serving the Oakville, Ind., 
Brethren Church in mid-May. 

In Memory 

Elizabeth Guseman, 88, February 8. 
Member of the Masontown Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Russell King. 
John S. Schuster, 81, February 7. 
Member of the Elkhart First Brethren 
Church for 43 years; active in the ministry 
of property and as a choir member. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Daniel Gray. 
Lena Belle Bever, 88. February 7. 
Member of the Bryan First Brethren 
Church. Services by Rev. Marlin L. 

Anna B. Carper, 88, February 6. Member 
of the Louisville First Brethren Church for 
56 years; active in caring ministries within 
the church. Services by Pastor John 
Brownsberger and Rev. John T. Byler. 
Mrs. Jessie Nicodemus, 79, February 6. 
Member of the South Bend First Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Larry R. Baker. 
Nannie Cline, 71, February 2. Member of 
the St. James Brethren Church. Services 
by Pastor Brian Moore. 
Viola Grubbs, 93, January 24. Member of 
the Muncie First Brethren Church for 26 
years. Services by Pastor Keith Bennett. 
Reichard Sensenbaugh, 88, January 22. 
Member of the St. James Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Brian Moore. 


Norman and Norma Michael, 60th, 
March 14. Members of the Gratis First 
Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Everett E. Miller, 70th, 
March 7. Members of the New Paris First 
Brethren Church and winter attenders of 
the Sarasota First Brethren Church. 
Lloyd and 'Mary Williams, 50th, De- 
cember 20. Members of the Burlington 
First Brethren Church. 
Keith and Martha Sink, 50th, December 
19. Members of the Burlington First Breth- 
ren Church. 



Jodi Lynn Carman to Tobin Dean 
White, February 20, at the Ashland Park 
Street Brethren Church; Pastor Arden E. 
Gilmer officiating. Members of the Park 
Street Brethren Church. 
Judy Saltzman to Frank (Sonny) Long, 
February 13, at the Bryan First Brethren 
Church; Rev. Marlin L. McCann officiat- 
ing. Bride a member of the Bryan First 
Brethren Church. 

Beth Fellows to Scott Marcum, February 
6, at the Burlington First Brethren 
Church; Pastor Ronald Waters officiating. 
Bride a member of the Burlington First 
Brethren Church. 

Joyce Stout to Bob Webb, December 31, 
at the Burlington First Brethren Church; 
Pastor Ronald Waters officiating. Bride a 
member of the Burlington First Brethren 

Julie Browning to Ture Munson, De- 
cember 18, at the West Alexandria First 
Brethren Church; Pastor David Oligee of- 
ficiating. Members of the West Alexandria 
First Brethren Church. 
Carla Hildebrand to Timothy Bailey, 
December 12, at the Vinco Brethren 
Church; Pastor Carl Phillips officiating. 
Bride a member of the Vinco Brethren 

Elizabeth Suzanne Hoagland to Scott 
Allen McNeely, December 5, at the 
Corinth Brethren Church. Bride a member 
of the Corinth Brethren Church. 
Mary Lou Haupert to Kevin Mussel- 
man, December 5, at the Roann First 
Brethren Church; Pastor David Stone of- 
ficiating, assisted by Pastor Kurt Snyder. 
Bride a member of the Roann First Breth- 
ren Church. 

Anne Marie Howell to Jack E. Straub, 
Jr., December 5, at Mesquite, Texas. Groom 
a member of the Vinco Brethren Church. 
Tammy Spence to Robert Snuth, 
November 20, at the St. James Brethren 

Church; Pastor Brian H. Moore officiating. 
Bride a member of the St. James Brethren 

Deb Zinsmeister to Dale Tillman, 
November 14, at the Roann First Brethren 
Church; Pastor David Stone officiating. 
Bride a member of the Roann First Breth- 
ren Church. 
Sandie Mellott to Jay Jamison, October 

24, at the St. James Brethren Church; Pas- 
tor Brian H. Moore officiating. Members of 
the St. James Brethren Church. 

Karen Hentgen to Larry Smalley, Sep- 
tember 5, at Wabash, Indiana; Roann Pas- 
tor David Stone officiating. Bride a 
member of the Roann First Brethren 

Lori Birnell to Benjamin Bell, August 
29, at the Loree Brethren Church; Pastor 
Claude Stogsdill officiating. Bride a 
member of the Loree Brethren Church. 
Laura Voss to Steven Monohan. July 25, 
at Peru, Indiana; Rev. George Plaster and 
Rev. Austin Gable officiating. Bride at- 
tended the Loree Brethren Church. 
Suzanne Whiterd to Todd Gerlach, July 

25, at the Loree Brethren Church; Pastor 
Claude Stogsdill officiating. Bride a 
member of the Loree Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Vinco: 6 by baptism 

Corinth: 1 by transfer 

Cheyenne: 2 by baptism 

WilUamstown: 2 by transfer 

Pleasant View: 4 by baptism 

North Manchester: 5 by transfer ■ 

Warsaw: 5 by baptism, 3 by transfer ■ 

Sarasota: 8 by baptism, 11 by transfer 

Masontown: 2 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

W. Alexandria: 9 by baptism, 16 by trans. 

You never test the resources of God until 
you attempt the impossible. 

F.B. Meyer 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14)> 


While Jesus lived on earth, He not only taught people, but He also helped them. 
One way Jesus helped people was through miracles. 

A miracle is a wonderful happening that cannot be explained. Doctors heal people 
through medicine, operations, and other treatment. But Jesus healed by saying, "You 
are well." That's a miracle. 

Jesus is God's Son, so He could perform miracles. Let's read about some of the 
miracles of Jesus. 

A. Read the Bible passage. Then choose a word from the 
Write the word on the line. 

1. Mark 1:30-31 

This story is about Simon's 

She was bed with a fever. 

Jesus healed her. 

2. John 6:16-21 

The disciples were the boat. 

circle to complete each sentence. 


calm glad in 



afraid little much 

sailing rowing 


When they saw Jesus coming toward them, they were 

Jesus was walking on the water. 

3. Matthew 8:23-27 

Jesus made the lake 


He said the disciples had 


The wind and waves obeyed Jesus. 

4. Luke 6:6-10 

Jesus said, "Should we do good or 
He told the man, " 

out your hand." 

Jesus made the man's hand whole. 

5. Now, write the first letter of each word you chose to 
complete this sentence: 

Jesus performed many . 

B. Color-by-number to find out 
why Jesus could do miracles. 
1. red 2. green 

3. purple 4. blue 

5. yellow 6. black 





March 1988 




by Albert T.Ronk 



Please give 


to help supply 

the need. 

Give through 

your local church, 

or send 

your gift to: 






0- x ST u a 
0- lii X O I 

D~ oi cn -^ h3 









..^.^..^^^ ^ P ■ :r;« 




"For God, who said, 'Let light W^t 
shine out of darkness, ' made his I^Hp^ 
light shine in our hearts to give ^^^B 
us the light of the knowledge of ^^^iH 
the glory of God in the face of ■ 
Christ." 11 Cor. 4:6, mv ^ 



V ' ^^fcl 



by Alvin Shifttett 

Many Called; Few Chosen 

SEVERAL years ago I was partici- 
pating as best man in a wed- 
ding. The officiating pastor asked 
the question (which often is not 
asked anymore) whether anyone in 
the audience objected to this mar- 

To everyone's surprise, the grand- 
mother stood up and vehemently 
protested — to the point that she 
was removed from the church by the 
ushers. That's the only time I've 
ever witnessed anyone being force- 
ably removed from a wedding. In- 
terestingly enough, a few years 
down the road it turned out that the 
grandmother was correct in her 

In Matthew chapter 22 Jesus tells 
a story about a wedding feast. In 
verse nine of that chapter we are 
told that servants were instructed to 
go out and invite both "good and 
bad" (v. 10). One of the men who ac- 
cepted this invitation came to the 
wedding not properly dressed. As a 
result, he was forceably removed — 
"bound hand and foot" and thrown 

Jesus concluded the story of the 
wedding feast with one of His hard 
sayings — "For many are called, but 
few are chosen" (Matt. 22:14). 

An intriguing statement 

This statement has always in- 
trigued me. In fact, the more I've 
thought and read about the state- 
ment, the more intrigued I've be- 

The saying was proverbial. Simi- 

lar proverbs are replete in ancient 
literature. Plato said, "Many are the 
wand-bearers, but few are the in- 
itiates" (Phaedo 69c). He was 
suggesting that many walk in the 
procession to the cult center carry- 
ing sacred wands, but only a select 
few discover the knowledge of the 
innermost secret (immortality). 

Later, in the years following 
Christ's ascension, it was recorded 
in the Gospel of Thomas (which is 
excluded from the sacred cannon of 
Scripture) that a disciple said to 
Jesus, "Lord, there are many around 
the opening but no one in the well." 
To which Jesus replied, "Many stand 
outside at the door, but it is only the 
single ones who enter into the bridal 
chamber." In other words, "Many 
are called, but few are chosen." 

Protestant interpretations 

It is interesting how Protestant 
theologians of the past explained 
this difficult saying. They distin- 
guished between a "common call" 
(those who hear the gospel) and an 
"effectual call" (those who hear and 

Effectual calling, then, is the work 
of the Holy Spirit convincing the 
hearer of sin and misery and en- 
lightening that person to the re- 
demptive work of the Lord Jesus 
Christ. Those who have ears to hear 
do hear, whereas others refuse to 

Jesus' statement at the end of the 
parable of the wedding feast reveals 
that all are invited but that not all 

choose to attend. And even among 
those who do attend there are those 
who come for personal gain or for 
some other ulterior motive. 

How does all this apply to the 
church today? As I see it, the giving 
of the gospel is like a wedding feast. 
It's a happy, festive occasion — Good 
News. That's why the ancient 
priests wore bells on the bottom of 
their robes. 

This Good News is for all — good 
and bad. Some, however, couldn't 
care less and don't even attempt to 
show up. Others show up for what- 
ever reason, but it's obvious they're 
not prepared. (As I think about it, it 
may not be as obvious as the man 
without a wedding garment, but in 
time it will become obvious. Time 
has a way of revealing things.) 

The fact that "Many are called, 
but few are chosen" has led some to 
speculate about the relative popula- 
tions of heaven and hell. William 
Fisher, an elder in Ayrshire in the 
18th century, estimated that only 
one out of ten will be saved. But let's 
not forget that even from a casual 
reading of the New Testament we 
detect a remarkable increase in the 
number of Christ's disciples. After 
His death and resurrection, there 
were ten times the number He had 
during His active ministry. 

No reasonable interpretation of 
Jesus' statement can lead me to be- 
lieve that the church will fail. As 
John Calvin noted, "If Adam's fall 
had the effect of producing the ruin 
of many, the grace of God is much 
more efficacious in benefiting many, 
since admittedly Christ is much 
more powerful to save than Adam 
was to ruin." 

The problem today is that we hear 
more gospel of "wealth and health" 
than we do judgment and grace. 
Consequently, a lot of people treat 
God like a lawryer — they go to Him 
only when they're in trouble. . 

Both called and chosen 

The truth remains for those who 
have experienced the effectual call 
that when the going gets rough, 
faith is not thrown to the winds. 
These are the ones not only "called" 
but also "chosen." And they know, 
as Marshall Lucas once said, that 
"God doesn't always smooth the 
path, but sometimes He puts springs 
in the wagon." [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

April 1988 
Volume 110, Number 4 

The Brethren Evangeust 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


Morven Baker 


Phil Lersch 

John Maust 

Alvin Shifflett 

Children's Page 

Alberta Holsinger 

Editorial and 

Business Office 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) for The Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, OH 44805-3792. 
Authors' views are not neces- 
sarily those of The Brethren 
Church or the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company. 
Subscription Rates: One 
year, $8.50 for 100% church 
lists; $10.00 for church lists of 
five or more names; $10.50 
for individual subscriptions. 
Single-copy price, $1.00. 
Change of Address: Please 
send notice at least three 
weeks in advance. Copy old ad- 
dress from back of magazine 
and send with new address. 
Manuscript Policy: While 
some unsolicited manuscripts 
are accepted, a query letter 
sent first describing a proposed 
manuscript is preferred. In- 
clude a self-addressed, stamped 
envelope with all manuscripts. 
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vertising per issue. Rates are 
available upon request. 

Postmaster: Please send Form 
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ing Company, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, OH 44805-3792. 
Second Class Postage: Paid 
at Ashland, Ohio. 
Member: Evangelical Press 


The Tom Curtain by G. Emery Hurd 

This event reveals that Christ's death opened the way 

for us to have a personal relationship with God. 

A Firsthand Look at Brethren Missions by Shirley Black 
The author shares highlights of her recent visit to 
Brethren Mission work in India and Malaysia. 

The Easter Message by LaVonne Hutcheson 
A poem that sums up the meaning of Easter. 

Brethren World Relief 


Ministry Pages: 

Chvirch Responses 

How? Where? Why? What? by Rev. and Mrs. John Long 

Faithful Stewardship by Larry Baker 
Domestic Disaster/Child Care 

Let Us Be Brethren and SERVE by Timothy Garner 
Update From Touching (WRC Monthly Newsletters) 




The Salt Shaker 2 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Let Us Be Brethren 8 

by Moderator Dale R. Stoffer 
Cartoon 9 

Update 16 

From the Grape Vine 18 

Children's Page 19 

by Alberta Holsinger 

Special Note Concerning World Relief Giving 

At the recent National Association of Evangelicals Convention, The 
Brethren Church received a plaque from World Relief Corporation of NAE for 
having the second highest per capita giving to WRC in 1987. Brethren giving 
of $3.63 per person was just one cent less than the highest per capita giving. 
For a breakdown of Brethren World Relief giving by churches, see page 15. 
For reports of how this money is being used, see pages 10 through 14. 
Answers to Little Crusader Page: 

A. 1. Answers will vary; 2. December; 3. January; 4. November; 
5. Answers will vary; 6. Answers will vary. 

B. Answers will vary. 

C. Jesus will return. 

April 1988 




u '* i 

Artwork by J. Howard Mack 

WHEN I was 16 years old, my 
driver's license barely worn 
from the brief time it had spent in 
my proud hands, I wrecked my 
mother's car. The accident, facing 
my parents, and the insurance 
paperwork all were very stressful. 
But what I found most frustrating 
and disheartening was my day in 

Being a minor, I was not allowed 
to speak for myself during the hear- 
ing. So I had to sit and listen while 
my parents and the judge discussed 
my driving future. I felt so helpless, 
so fearful, because I was unable to 
speak directly to the one person who 
had the authority to forgive me or to 
punish me for my mistake. 

The predicament I faced that day 
in court is the same kind of situation 
humanity faced before Easter. Dur- 
ing the Easter season we remember 
the Crucifixion as Christ's sacrifice 
for our sin. We remember the Resur- 
rection as His victory, and ulti- 
mately our victory, over death and 
the grave. But little is said about 

Rev. Hard is pastor of the Cheyenne, 
Wyo., Brethren Church. 

the event which reveals that Christ 
has delivered us from our predica- 
ment and given us direct access to 
God. That event is the tearing of the 
Temple curtain — an event of daily, 
vital interest to the believer. 

Purpose and construction 

Exodus 26:31ff. gives a detailed 
explanation of the purpose and con- 
struction of the curtain. As the 
nomadic People of Israel traveled to 
Canaan, they were to set up the 
Tabernacle as a place of worship and 
sacrifice. It was to be constructed ac- 
cording to exact, divinely-revealed 
specifications. At its center was the 
Ark of the Covenant, which was 
placed in the Most Holy Place (or 
the Holy of Holies). This area was 
separated from the Holy Place by a 
curtain woven of blue, purple, and 
scarlet yarn and finest linen, em- 
broidered with cherubim, and hung 
with golden hooks. This curtain also 
served as a cover for the Ark when it 
was moved, so that no one could 
view the Ark. 

The curtain's primary purpose 
was to separate — to separate hu- 
manity from the Holy of Holies, 

By G. Emery Hurd 

which contained this Ark of the Cov- 
enant. Within the Ark were the tab- 
lets of stone given to Moses on which 
were written the Ten Command- 
ments; the rod of Aaron that had 
budded; and a bowl of Manna (Heb. 
9:4). It was seen as the place where 
God and man met, first through 
Moses and later through the High 

No Jewish convert, no native Is- 
raelite, in fact no priest was permit- 
ted to enter the Most Holy Place. 
Only once a year, on the Day of 
Atonement, could the High Priest 
enter this sacred place, and he could 
do so only after being ceremonially 
cleansed by the sprinkling of blood. 
He would then enter the Holy of 
Holies with sacrificial blood to seek 
God's forgiveness for the nation of 
Israel. The curtain was a symbol of 
the separation between God and hu- 
manity, a separation caused by hu- 
manity's sinfulness, and a separa- 
tion that could be removed only tem- 
porarily through animal sacrifices 
and the mediation of the priests. 

Before Christ's death, the status of 
all humanity before God was much 
like my status in that courtroom — 

The Brethren Evangelist 

unable directly to approach the 
Judge to seek forgiveness. Before 
Christ's death, sacrifices were re- 
quired, administered by priests, in 
order to know God's forgiveness and 
cleansing. Every time a sin was 
committed, a sacrifice was required. 
So humanity's access to God was 
limited by the imperfect sacrificial 

The Temple curtain has a special 
significance for us at Easter because 
of the events recorded during the 
death of Christ. We read in Mark 15, 
"With a loud cry, Jesus breathed his 
last. The curtain of the temple was 
torn in two from top to bottom. And 
when the centurion, who stood there 
in front of Jesus, heard his cry and 
saw how he died, he said, 'Surely 
this man was the Son of God!' " (w. 
37-39; Niv). 

At the moment of Jesus' death, 
the curtain — which for generations 
of the people of God had stood for 
separation and had symbolized the 
impossibility of a continuous direct 
relationship with God — was rent in 
two from top to bottom. The curtain 
no longer stood as a barrier between 
humanity and God. The torn curtain 
proclaimed that the way to God had 
been opened. No longer would access 
to God be limited to the High Priest 
on the Day of Atonement. Now all 
those who proclaimed the validity of 
Christ's sacrifice had a Mediator 
who would give continual, direct ac- 
cess to the Father. 

During my day in court, I was 
frustrated because I could not repre- 
sent myself But I was also relieved 
because I knew I had a mediator 
who loved and cared for me — my 
mother. That day I watched as other 
teenagers faced the bench alone or 
with parents who seemed not to 
care. I considered myself fortunate 
to have a mediator who truly loved 
me and who would give me the kind 
of representation I needed in order 
to be treated with mercy. 

A Mediator who loves us 

When the curtain was torn that 
day, the entire sacrificial system 
was replaced by Christ's own sac- 
rifice of Himself Humanity's access 
to God was no longer limited by the 
sacrifice of the blood of animals, but 
instead we were given a Mediator 
who loves us, sacrificed Himself for 
us, and desires nothing less than our 

continual, direct communication 
with God. 

Like the Crucifixion and the 
Resurrection, the torn curtain has 
daily significance for the life of the 
Christian. Because the curtain was 
torn, we no longer need to fear to ap- 
proach the throne of grace with our 
needs and the concerns of our heart. 
We can come boldly, knowing that 
the barrier that separated us has 
been replaced by a Mediator who 
loves us and who makes it possible 
for us to communicate directly with 
the God who loves us. 

"TAe torn curtain 
proclaimed that 
the way to God 
had been opened.' 

When we sin, we no longer need to 
fearfully approach the tabernacle 
with our imperfect sacrifice. The 
perfect sacrifice has been given, pro- 
viding us immediate forgiveness on 
a continuing basis as we repent. Be- 
cause the curtain was torn, we no 
longer need to fear, and depression 
and loneliness no longer need to be 
part of our lives, for Christ has 
opened the door to a truly personal 
relationship with the Creator of the 
Universe, who continually and lov- 
ingly welcomes us into His presence. 

Nevertheless, we have a responsi- 
bility to maintain this access, which 
has so graciously been given to us. 
When I entered that courtroom, I 
had a loving, caring mediator in 
part because I had been open and 
honest with her before I ever went to 
court. I had confessed my wrongdo- 
ing, told her the whole story, and al- 
ready done what I could to set things 
right. In order for my parents to 
honestly represent me, I needed an 
honest relationship with them in 
which their love and openness were 
matched by my own. 

Through Christ's death, God dem- 
onstrated His desire to have more 
than just a better system of appease- 
ment for sin. He revealed that He 
wanted a true relationship with hu- 
manity, a restoration of the kind of 
communion He had with Adam and 
Eve in the Garden of Eden. Heb- 

rews 10 says, "Therefore, brothers, 
since we have confidence to enter 
the most Holy Place by the blood of 
Jesus, by a new and living way 
opened for us through the curtain, 
that is, his body, and since we have 
a great priest over the house of God, 
let us draw near to God with a sin- 
cere heart . . ." (vv. 19-22; Nlv). 

A two-way relationship 

The writer of Hebrews proclaims 
the same simple truth I learned as a 
teenager, that a true relationship 
must go both ways. Christ opened a 
new way for us to the Father, but we 
must be open if this new relation- 
ship is to have personal significance. 

Hebrews 10 continues by saying 
that this new relationship of open- 
ness carries with it corporate re- 
sponsibilities as well. The hope we 
have received must be shared with 
other believers in regular times of 
meeting together. And we are to reg- 
ularly encourage one another to 
good works because of the thankful- 
ness that fills our hearts because of 
this new friendship with God. 

God has shown us clearly through 
the torn curtain that He desires a 
relationship with us not only as a 
people or a church, but as individu- 
als. In this Easter season we are re- 
minded of the tremendous cost of our 
salvation and that through His 
great sacrifice, Christ has opened 
the way for us to have a personal re- 
lationship with God. But have we 
chosen to close the curtain, to reject 
the kind of open relationship with 
God that He desires? Have we per- 
mitted unconfessed sin, selfish pride, 
or perhaps even neglect to raise new 
curtains of division — curtains not 
of God's design or intent but the re- 
sult of our own unwillingness to 
allow God open access to us? 

Easter is a time of remembrance. 
But the meaning of Christ's sacrifice 
and the nearness to God His sac- 
rifice makes possible must be lived 
by each of us in our daily lives. 
Daily we choose whether the curtain 
opened by the blood of Christ to all 
who believe in Him remains open 
to us individually. Through our 
heartfelt confession, true interces- 
sion, and faithful dedication to 
study, worship, and the ministry of 
encouragement, we can enjoy daily 
the eternal truth of the torn 
curtain. [t] 

April 1988 

A Firsthand Look 
At Brethren Missions 

Last fall (from October 26 to December 
5) Shirley Black accompanied her hus- 
band. Rev. James R. Black, Executive 
Director of the Missionary Board of the 
Brethren Church, on his administrative 
visit to Brethren Mission work in India 
and Malaysia. In the following article 
she shares highlights from that trip. 

FRUSTRATION, joy, anxiety, 
humility — these are just a few 
of the emotions I experienced as I 
traveled in India and Malaysia with 
my husband Jim. 

Arriving in Bombay, I was over- 
whelmed by the sights, the smells, 
and the sounds I encountered. So 
many people and so much poverty! 

I felt frustration as young children 
would thrust their hands in the car 
window, begging for a coin. Mothers 
with babies also begged for coins. It 
gave me such a helpless feeling: I 
wanted to be able to give to all of 
them but knew that it is impossible. 
Those to whom I did give a coin were 
very pleased — even though the coin 
was worth only a penny or two. 

It was with much joy that we met 
Nirmala and Prasanth Kumar at 
the airport in Bombay. How excited 
we were to see them! We got 
through customs without major 
problems and were soon settled in 
our hotel for some rest before look- 
ing over the city. 

I got sick the very next day. We 
discovered that the bottled water in 
the refrigerator was not "bottled 
mineral water," but probably just 
regular drinking water from the 
hotel. So we had to start asking for 
water in sealed bottles. We began 
taking the medicine we had brought 
with us, and soon we felt well 
enough to do some sightseeing in 
Bombay. I found it interesting see- 
ing the various places along the 
streets where all kinds of food, cloth- 

By Shirley Black 

ing, etc., were being sold. The people 
of India are hard-working people. 
The women work as hard as the 
men, as do the children. 

We continued our trip by air to 
Hyderabad for the inauguration of 
the new church there. We also vis- 
ited the Sewing School, where I was 
asked to hand out sewing packets to 
the students. They were so pleased 
with these! If your W.M.S. group 
makes up these packets or sends 
anything to put into them, you are 
helping many women learn how to 
sew and are enabling them to help 
provide for their families. 

I was amazed at the number of 
people we saw wherever we went. 
They were fascinated with me and 
wanted to touch me. Most had never 
seen a white woman. 

While inside the church building, 
the people remove their shoes. Since 
the Indian women wear long saris, 
my dresses fascinated them. They 
also giggled and pointed to my feet; I 
was wearing pantyhose — something 
they had never seen. I, on the other 
hand, was fascinated by their saris. 








\ Hyderabad 
\ Rajah 


which were all so beautiful and col- 
orful. I was amazed that no two were 

The people in the Brethren 
churches of India are praying people 
who believe in the power of prayer. 
They would ask Jim and me to pray 
for them and wait in long lines to 
have us place our hands on them 

Shirley Black sur- 
rounded by a group 
of young people who 
attended a Christian 
festival held by the 
Brethren Church in 

The Brethren Evangelist 

'The beautiful children at the Boys Orphanage in India; the 
ladies at the sewing schools; the children at the churches in 
Johor Baru and Penang; the Chews; the Lois; the Kumars; I 
miss them all." 

and pray for them. They kissed our 
hands and many even got on their 
knees and kissed our feet. I was 
greatly humbled by the experience. 
The Indians are a very kind and 
courteous people. 

The Kumars work very hard try- 
ing to reach the people of India. We 
spent eight days in their home, and I 
learned to know their three children 
— Shanti, Sunita, and Sudhir. They 
are lovely children whom I learned 
to love very much. 

The children and I had some nice 
talks together. I talked with the two 
girls, Shanti and Sunita, about the 
college they are attending and about 
the Indian custom of parents choos- 
ing a husband for their daughters. 

Sudhir is much like his father. 
And like his father, he works very 
hard at all of the churches and in 
the villages. He will make a fme 
pastor some day. I would love to 
have the children come to the U.S. 
so that you all could meet them. 

Nirmala eased my anxiety about 
eating Indian food. What a fantastic 
cook she is! Prasanth confided that 
Nirmala "experimented" on us. She 
used recipes she brought back from 
the U.S. In any case, she fed us 
great meals every day. Needless to 
say, we didn't lose any weight. 

We visited many villages while in 
India. One such experience was a lit- 

tle scary. It happened in a village 
way back from the main road. In 
fact, we had to walk part of the way 
to the village because our car could 
not make it along the narrow paths. 

During the service in this village, 
while Prasanth was preaching, a rat 
ran across my foot and under my 
chair! I surprised myself; I didn't 
scream — just lifted my feet and sat 
very still. I prayed that the rat had 
run out of the prayer hut and was 
not waiting under my chair to scare 
me again. 

It was with sad hearts that we left 
Nirmala, the children, and the pas- 
tors and workers in Visakhapatnam. 
Prasanth accompanied us to Madras, 
where he saw us off at the airport. 
We miss them all very much. 

On to Malaysia 

We arrived in Singapore for a 
couple of days rest before going on to 
Malaysia. We spent our 32nd wed- 
ding anniversary in Singapore. 

David and Jenny Loi met us there 
and drove us to Johor Baru, where 
we got settled in our hotel. Again I 
was amazed by the number of people 
and the traffic. I soon got acquainted 
with the Lois' children, Stephen and 
Rebecca. They made me homesick to 
see my grandchildren, Matthew and 

We had dinner in the Loi home 

Jim and Shirley 
Black spent Thanks- 
giving Day in 
Penang, where they 
ate dinner with 
David Chew (I.) and 
David Loi (taking 
the picture) at a 
Kentucky Fried 

Chicken restaurant. 


Johor Baru 

and a lovely visit with them. They 
also took us out to eat, and we had a 
typical Chinese meal. I learned to 
taste many new things. (Notice, I 
said "learned to taste," not "learned 
to like"!) Jim did very well at eating 
with chopsticks; I asked for a fork. 

On Sunday the church in Johor 
Baru had a dinner for us and an an- 
niversary cake. We had such a nice 
time talking with them. The young 
people asked numerous questions 
about our family and about the U.S. 

The weather in both India and 
Malaysia was quite warm (about 90 
degrees most of the time). We did a 
lot of walking and sightseeing. 

David and Jenny try very hard 
not to get discouraged with the work 
in Johor Baru. Most gatherings are 
illegal. The Brethren Church has 
not been recognized by the govern- 
ment as a Christian denomination, 
which adds to the difficulty. But the 
Lois continue to witness in spite of 
the difficulties. 

We had a children's meeting on 
Saturday, which was well-attended. 
I told the children the story of the 
feeding of the 5,000. 

After our time with the Lois, we 
flew to Penang to visit with David 
and Lily Chew and their two chil- 
dren, Jonathan and Lucy. There are 
(continued on page 9) 

April 1988 

Let Us Be Brethren 

"For one is your Master, even Christ; 
and all ye are brethren. " 

Matthew 23:8 

Does The Brethren Church 
Need New Churches? 

By Moderator Dale R. Stoffer 

FORGIVE ME if I write a rather 
biased article! I am a home 
missions pastor and have just re- 
cently begun working as a consult- 
ant for the Missionary Board to aid 
districts in their efforts to plant new 
churches. When it comes to church 
planting, therefore, I have a definite 

Why plant churches? 

In case the need for planting 
churches is not obvious to all, let me 
give a number of reasons why it is so 
important. I will not go into detail 
(if you have an hour, I can), but will 
simply state the reasons. Church 
planting fosters more evangelism; 
church planting builds denomina- 
tional identity; church planting can 
conserve members; church planting 
is a healthy stimulant to the whole 
church; planting churches is neces- 
sary because we don't have enough 
(America is the seventh largest mis- 
sion field in the world). 

Perhaps you accept the idea that 
church planting is necessary, but 
question why The Brethren Church 
should be involved. After all, doesn't 
The Brethren Church face a number 
of serious drawbacks when it comes 
to starting new churches — our size, 
the rural and small-town composi- 
tion of the denomination, our lack of 
leadership trained in starting new 
works, our limited resources? These 
questions are justified and deserve 
an answer. 

The main reasons we must be in- 
volved in church planting are the 
following: our size, the rural and 
small-town composition of the de- 
nomination, our lack of leadership 
trained in starting new works, and 
our limited resources. Sound famil- 
iar? The very reasons which can be 
raised against church planting are 
the most crucial reasons why we 
cannot be negligent in this work. 
For in every case, the solution to 
these problems is to be found in 
planting new congregations. 

I am encouraged that the Breth- 
ren have shown a concern for church 
extension. Though in the last few 
years we have had a lull in the es- 
tablishing of new congregations, 
four districts are now actively en- 
gaged in church-planting efforts. 

Several crucial needs 

The church-planting work of The 
Brethren Church faces several cru- 
cial needs. First, we must undergird 
our outreach efforts with prayer, for 
this ministry places a greater de- 
mand on the pastor, his family, and 
the fledgling congregation than 
most others. 

Second, church planting requires 
mature, visionary, persevering lead- 
ers, both lay and pastoral. We need 
to pray that the Lord would raise up 
such leadership. (Here again, re- 
cruitment of promising young people 
for pastoral and missionary service 
is vital.) I would also challenge lay 

people to consider the tentmaker 
ministry, in which mature Christian 
families relocate and find employ- 
ment in the vicinity of a new mis- 
sion work in order to provide much- 
needed leadership for the work. (For 
information, write the Missionary 

A third area of need is financial. 
The cost of land and buildings in the 
newer growth areas of our country 
has escalated greatly during the last 
ten years. In most cases, a new con- 
gregation can plan on spending a 
minimum of $250,000 to $300,000 to 
purchase land and build a modest 
first unit. The only way a young con- 
gregation can afford this is with sub- 
stantial help. 

The Missionary Board has a pro- 
gram specially designed for this pur- 
pose — the Growth Partner Club, 
Every member of The Brethren 
Church should be a member of this 
club. Presently around 500 people 
give approximately $13,000 per call 
(there are two calls per year). But 
think what could be accomplished if 
1,000 or 2,000 or 5,000 Brethren re- 
sponded to each call! I urge you to 
get involved! 

Loan excess funds 

Another way to aid church-plant- 
ing efforts is for established congre- 
gations to loan excess funds to the 
Missionary Board for use when a 
mission congregation purchases land 
or builds. How much better to put 
the Lord's money to work building 
new congregations rather than 
building the banking industry. I 
would also challenge churches to 
consider making their funds avail- 
able at a reduced interest rate — or 
at no interest. (Remember that in 
the Old Testament an Israelite was 
not to charge interest on loans made 
to fellow Israelities — Ex. 22:25). A 
further idea that every district 
should consider adopting (several al- 
ready have) is that all funds re- 
ceived from the sale of closed 
churches be put back into new 
church work, perferably purchase of 

Let me throw out a few other 
suggestions for congregations and 
districts considering involvement in 
church planting. If we would plant 
churches closer to our existing 
works (within an hour's drive), we 
could make use of personnel re- 

The Brethren Evangelist 

sources in those churches. One or 
several churches could "loan" Sun- 
day school teachers and musicians 
for a year or so until leaders in the 
new community could take over. In 

addition, a church might consider 
hiring an associate whose respon- 
sibilities would include aiding the 
new church until a pastor was hired 
(or until he could become the pastor). 

Does The Brethren Church need 
new churches? I trust an unbiased 
as well as a biased response would 
be: "Yes, because our future depends 

on it!" [t] 

A Firsthand Look 

(continued from page 7) 
many young people in the church in 
Penang, and we went on a picnic 
with them at a place on the Indian 
Ocean. It was such a beautiful day 
that I rolled up my slacks and waded 
in the ocean. 

The young people's service at 
Penang was well-attended. The 
young people are very easy to talk 
with and show great interest in the 
U.S and in Ashland College. They 
are also most eager to talk about 
their country and their beliefs. 

The church people in Penang also 
had a party for us and an anniver- 
sary cake. We were sorry to leave 
them as well. 

Both Johor Baru and Penang are 
beautiful cities. The people were 
very friendly to us. David Chew and 
David Loi took us to many beautiful 
temples and parks. I even rode a 
cable car up Penang Hill (over 1,000 
feet up). We took many photos and 
would love to share them with you. 

Return to the U.S. 

It was soon time to fly back to Sin- 
gapore in preparation for our return 
to the U.S. En route to the States, 
we had a two-day stop in Hong 
Kong. (Ladies, it was great; shop- 
ping centers in every direction!) 
Then we stopped in Hawaii for two 
days before flying to Cleveland, 
where we were greeted by our 
daughter Barbi and her fiance; son 

Jim and his wife Susie and our 
grandsons, Matthew and Nathan 
(holding a banner that said, "Wel- 
come home. Grandma and Grand- 
pa"). What a welcome sight! Of 
course, there was snow on the 
ground, but after six weeks of hot, 
humid weather, I didn't mind. 

When we drove into Ashland, the 
town looked empty, after being in 
extremely crowded areas for six 
weeks. But I love the quietness. 

At home in Ashland I was soon 
back into the "swing of things." But 
I will never forget the experiences I 
had, the friends I made, and the 
beautiful sights I 
saw. As I travel 
to churches with 
Jim and view the 
video of the 
things we saw 
and did on our 
trip, tears come 
to my eyes. The 
beautiful children 
at the Boys Or- 
phanage in India; 
the ladies at the 
sewing schools; 
the children at 
the churches in 
Johor Baru and 
Penang; the 

Chews; the Lois; 
the Kumars; I 
miss them all. 

If any of you 
would like to 
know ways you 

can help with our mission work in 
India and Malaysia, please let me 
know. I am sure that I can give you 
some suggestions. 

I do thank each of you for your 
prayers while we were away. I could 
feel them when I became ill, experi- 
enced some homesickness, and on 
the many airplane flights (I am not 
thrilled with flying). With your 
prayers for me, I managed very well. 
Thank you again, and may God 
bless each of you who had any part 
in helping to make it possible for me 
to take this trip. I will never forget 
the people I met. [t] 

The Easter Message 

No more manger, no more star. 
No more angels to tell afar. 
No more cradle, no more hay. 
No more wise men to seek "the Way." 

A meal to prepare, a garden to repair, 
A court to face, in all ways unfair. 
A crown to wear, a cross to bear, 
A grave to face. His own? Not there. 

An angel! The stone's rolled away! 
The grave clothes all laid in perfect array. 
He's not here! He's risen, my friend, 
Just as He said just before the end. 

Now, go tell the rest, the disciples, the world. 
Salvation has come; its banner's unfurled. 
To those who believe, those who receive, 
God's own freewill gift to you He will leave. 

— LaVonne Hutcheson, Kingsley, Iowa 

Pontius' Puddle 

(Nd A STA.^VlU(ir 
SElNlG- FAT*? 


TOR ^^^A^NE relief \ 

1316- 8EAK. 

April 1988 


. . . Church Responses 

How? Where? Why? What? 

WHY?? Why do we give to 
World Relief Corporation? 
Why do we include this organiza- 
tion in our annual church budget? 
Why do we have WMS garage sales 
and monthly offerings for WRC? 
Why do we have church dinners 
with donations going to WRC and 
"skip-a-lunch/feed-a-bunch" banks 
and special gifts? 

We have been — and are — 
blessed. But there are mothers, 
fathers, and children just like us in 
some parts of the world who won- 
der when, or if, they will ever eat 
again. The same thing could hap- 
pen to us! How would we feel if we 
were starving and knew there were 
people in the world who were also 
suffering — but from the effects of 
having too much to eat. I'm sure 
we would like to suggest that if 
they shared their abundance with 
us, it could be an answer to both 
our problems. So we are in a posi- 
tion (Thank You, Lord!) to share — 
to give "a cup of cold water" in 
Jesus' name. 

How can we do this? 

Many agencies collect funds to 
provide for people in need. But we 
want to know that they are reliable 
and that our gifts are used effi- 
ciently and honestly. World Relief 
Corporation is the relief, develop- 
ment, and refugee service arm of 
the National Association of Evan- 
gelicals. It is currently involved 
with projects in 25 countries of the 
world. This is the agency to which 
our denomination has suggested 
that we contribute. 

Rev. Marlin McCann's report 
and slides of his first-hand observa- 
tions from his trip to several Afri- 
cian countries with WRC were a 
real encouragement to us. We have 
also read articles in our Evangel- 
ist as well as in other Christian 
periodicals telling of WRC's in- 

volvement. Our people appreciate 
knowing that part of their offerings 
are being used to help those in 
need. We pray that the Lord will 
continue to give WRC the wisdom 
to use these gifts effectively, to do 
the best job possible. 

All Brethren congregations may 
not feel led to give to WRC. Some 
may choose to send offerings to 

other areas of need. Let's just con- 
tinue to seek the Lord's direction to 
know HOW, WHERE, WHY, and 
WHAT He would have us do, indi- 
vidually and as a body. We are 
doing it. But we can do even better, 
can't we? 

Brighton Chapel, Ind., 

First Brethren Church 

Rev. and Mrs. John Long 

Faithful Stewardship 

BRETHREN can do something 
about world hunger, famine, 
and poverty. They can share their 
blessings through World Relief 
This is the message that must be 
said repeatedly, in various ways, 
throughout the year. In the South 
Bend First Brethren Church, World 
Relief giving isn't placed in the an- 
nual budget. The Holy Spirit re- 
minds individuals that "to whom 
much is given, much is required." 
People are given many different op- 
portunities to share God's blessings 
with others throughout the year. 

The excellent Easter and 
Thanksgiving promotions provided 
by World Relief were used in 1987. 
The soup can banks proved to be an 
innovative idea that people really 
appreciated. A "soup supper" for 
World Relief was held, and one of 
the newest WRC films. Cross Fire, 
was shown. 

It helps to constantly remind 
people that they are making a dif- 
ference and that they are God's in- 
struments to help starving people 
around the world. In addition to 
the seasonal emphasis, some mem- 
bers of the congregation give 
monthly to World Relief This is to 
be encouraged because God will 
bless them for their vision. Sunday 
school classes, youth groups, and 
auxiliaries should be encouraged to 

conduct projects for World Relief 

An objection sometimes heard is 
that churches need to help the local 
poor. Fine, encourage that too. Last 
year the South Bend Deacon Fund 
helped 44 families in various ways 
(with over $1,400). The congrega- 
tion also helped replace a member's 
household goods that were de- 
stroyed by fire. The congregation 
also provides food for our local res- 
cue mission. 

God blesses the faithful steward- 
ship of His people. If Christians 
don't share what they have with 
the poor and starving and home- 
less, who will? The Lord holds 
Christians accountable (Matthew 
25). True Christianity (James 1:27) 
is helping the helpless in Jesus' 
name, and there is great joy and 
blessing in doing that! The bless- 
ings of sharing with World Relief, 
missions, and the helpless far out- 
weigh the cost. God knows who 
cares! South Bend First Brethren 
Church tries to demonstrate in 
word and deed that they are 
"People Who Care"! 

South Bend, Ind., 

First Brethren Church 

Rev. Larry Baker 

Editor's note: The Brighton Chapel and 
South Bend congregations were the top 
two Brethren churches in giving to 
World Relief in 1987. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


... Domestic Disaster/Child Care 

Let Us Be Brethren and SERVE 

the third time it has happened. 
What has happened each time is 
the rekindHng of a call to commit- 
ted servanthood. 

Two years ago was my first ex- 
perience at the Disaster Response 
workshop. I reported to you in the 
April issue of the Evangelist that 
year the blessing I received as I 
heard story after story of the wages 
of servanthood. Then last year, my 
experience was just as exciting. I 
reported to you in the April 1987 
Evangelist a rationale for getting 
out of the pew and into a practicing 
faith that meets the needs of 
people. So, as it happened again 
this year, I report to you that I am 
challenged to send out this mes- 
sage to The Brethren Church: Let 
us be Brethren and serve our Lord 
and Savior Jesus Christ and hu- 
manity by being prepared to re- 
spond to needs. Said another way: 
Fruit-bearing leads to a fulfilling 
Christian experience. 

What follows are two specific 
ways in which to serve. The first is 
the Disaster Response and the 
second is the Cooperative Disaster 
Child Care Program. 

I must say from the> outset that 
both of these programs were de- 
veloped by the Church of the 
Brethren. Given our limited re- 
sources as a denomination, we 
should consider it a privilege that 
we are being asked and encouraged 
to participate in these established, 
marvelously-run ministries. 

The purpose of Disaster Re- 
sponse is to serve the needs of 
people following disasters. The 
primary response has been volun- 
teers who assist in the clean-up 
process (the short-term response) 
and who help rebuild homes (the 
long-term response). 

A volunteer works for a short 

time aiding disaster victims as 
they try to recover physically, emo- 
tionally, and spiritually. Skilled 
and semi-skilled volunteers cer- 
tainly are needed for long-term re- 
building efforts. Other volunteers 
are needed to prepare meals, to 
provide transportation, to serve as 
caseworkers, to offer medical as- 
sistance . . . and the list goes on. 
Expenses, meals, and lodging are 
cared for while the volunteer is on 
a project. 

Special agreements with the na- 
tional Red Cross and with Federal 
disaster agencies have enhanced 
the church's ability to respond. The 
national disaster staff in New 
Windsor, Md., serves as liaison 
with these groups and others active 
in disaster response. But the effec- 
tiveness of the program really de- 
pends on local congregations en- 
couraging individuals to be avail- 
able. The national disaster office 
and a network of district co- 
ordinators organize training work- 
shops and response efforts. Prep- 

aration is a key, to a successful re- 

Approximately 40 Brethren con- 
gregations have appointed local 
contact persons, so our network is 
developing. I hope other congrega- 
tions will carry through with this. 
If you are interested or would like 
to suggest a name, please do not 
hesitate to do so, in consultation 
with your pastor and/or the appro- 
priate committee/ministry of your 

The other possible way to serve 
involves the almost unnoticed vic- 
tims of disasters: children. The 
Cooperative Disaster Child Care 
Program was established to care 
for these victims, who also are 
frightened, angry, and confused. 

What would you do with your 
children if you had to wait in long 
lines to be processed? What would 
you do with your tired, displaced 
children as the caseworkers ask 
questions about your application 
for assistance? When the trained 
(continued on page 14) 

Coalinga, Calif., earthquake: outside was the safest place for child care. 

April 1988 



. . . Update from Touching 

(WRC Monthly Newsletters) 

World Relief Plants Trees 

Thanks to your gifts, World Relief is helping farmers plant 
one million trees in Burkina Faso, Haiti, Honduras, and Thai- 
land this year. 

These reforestation projects supply needed fuel for Third 
World families and replenish soil farmers count on to grow food. 

No one knows this better than Nicaraguan refugees now liv- 
ing in Honduras. When they first fled into Honduras in 1981, 
the refugees cut and burned down trees so they could im- 
mediately plant crops. 

Farmers took a toll on thriving forests as they satisfied their 
demand for cropland and lumber. Without trees, the soil eroded 
and crop production dwindled. 

Today, refugees and World Relief workers battle the wood 
shortage by planting trees native to the region: mahogany, 
cedar, laurel, and tunc. At the same time, they can continue 

With donor gifts, these refugees replenish forests, ensuring 
better crop production and fuel supplies. 

<~ # 



Haitian farmer plants trees provided by World 
Relief Donors. Photo by cecii coie. 

Thousands in U.S. Seek Amnesty 

World Relief supporters will minister to 
100,000 needy people in the United States this 
year. We began this new ministry after Con- 
gress passed a law last fall offering amnesty to 
about two million aliens, most of whom entered 
the country illegally before 1982. 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service 
approved World Relief to process aliens' appli- 
cations for legal status. Working with nine 
evangelical denominations. World Relief helps 
applicants fill out forms and counsels them 
regarding their eligibility and necessary 
documentation, such as medical exams, finger- 
prints, and photos. 

On May 5, when registration began, nearly 
1,200 people quelled fears of deportation by en- 
tering or calling World Reliefs 85 processing 
centers in eight major cities across the country. 
These people are natives of Honduras, Korea, Liberia, 
Mexico, Peru, the Philippines, Poland, and Thai- 

World Relief workers at the San Francisco office 
have already helped people gain temporary residence 
and work authorization. After 18 months, they will be 
eligible to become permanent residents and eventu- 

A world relief worker counsels people wanting to know how they can 

live in the U.S. legally. Photo by Ted Ericson. 

ally U.S. citizens. 

As a World Relief donor, you can rejoice in the 
spiritual counsel you help provide along with process- 
ing guidance. Counselors from local churches develop 
good relations with clients during interviews opening 
opportunities to share Christ. People already have 
come to the Lord through this ministry. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

African Coup . . . Help 
To Hungry Continues 

World Relief does not expect 
any slowdown in relief and 
development projects among 
the poor in Burkina Faso, West 
Africa — even though a coup 
toppled the government in Octo- 
ber, killing President Thomas 

Most of our projects will con- 
tinue, because they meet the 
needs of people at a grassroots 
level — something the govern- 
ment supports, reports World 
Reliefs Africa Director, Dick 

African and U.S. leaders rec- 
ognize the importance of World 
Reliefs eight-year ministry to 
Burkina Faso, one of the world's 
five poorest nations. And with 
support, we'll be able to save 
lives of Africans by helping 
them dig wells, plant gardens, 
care for sick children, and train 
church leaders. 

$140 Saves Flood Victims Lives 

They had so little. A few handtools. A couple of fishing nets. A mud hut, 
called home. 

Then, the flood hit. Raging waters swept away everything for thousands 
of poverty-stricken people in Bangladesh. 

About 2,400 families now are rebuilding their lives with help. 

For about $140 per family. World Relief donors are supplying tools, seeds, 
and fishing nets. 

Fluud victims replant crops using oxen and tools supplied by World Relief. 

Loose Change Saves Lives 

Dig into your pockets, the bottom 
of your purse. Do you have change 
left over from lunch? 

Collected throughout the week, 
those quarters, dimes, and nickels 
can save lives. That's what Gary 
Byers learned. 

Byers, his wife and two children, 
of Frederick, Maryland, each had 
$10 a week to spend eating at 
McDonalds or Burger King. Clip- 
ping coupons and cutting back on 
food orders, the Byers saved a few 
dollars each week — $30 a month! 

Today, they send that money to 
World Relief With it, we can feed 
seven destitute families in the 
Philippines for one week. 

For $4.60 a week, World Relief can feed a hungry Filipino family. 

A Woman's Worl< Can Now Be Done 

African women spend at least 14 
hours a day doing chores. But 
World Relief donors lighten the 
heavy work load of 4,000 women in 
30 villages through development 
programs the women design and 
run themselves. 

Your gifts provide women in 
Burkina Faso, West Africa, with 
loans to begin sewing, weaving, 
raising livestock, and making ce- 

Martine Guedraogo used to 
spend all day grinding grain. With 

a World Relief loan, she and other 
women joined a cooperative and 
bought a diesel grinding mill. Now 
the job takes minutes. Guedraogo 
uses her share of the profits to buy 
household goods, medicine, food, 
and clothes for her family. And 
when the women repay their loan, 
(continued on next page) 

April 1988 


(continued from previous page) 
that money will help others. 

Six women have become Chris- 
tians here in Kaba since we put 
in the mill, Ouedraogo explains. 
Mostly it was because of the tes- 
timony shown by the Christian 
women in the co-op. 

* In 14 villages, instructors teach 
women project management, 
health, literacy and childcare. 

* Ten donkey-drawn carts trans- 
port firewood and supplies. 

if Twelve community gardens pro- 
duce fresh vegetables to feed 
families and sell at markets. 

* Twenty-one wells, one dam and 
four boreholes irrigate gardens 
and supply clean water. 

Your support has restored dig- 
nity and hope of a better life to 
these once desperate women. 

Many African women (like the one at 
the r.) no longer spend hours searching 
for water, because you helped dig wells 

in their villages. Photo by Cecll Cole. 

Domestic Diasaster/Child Care 

(continued from page 11) 
care-givers arrive in their blue 
checked smocks, the Red Cross and 
other Federal agencies all breathe 
a sigh of relief, for they know the 
children will be cared for, making 
one less area for them to cover. 

The child care giver attends a 
24-hour workshop, which acquaints 
him or her with the "kit of com- 
fort." This kit helps children to 
play out their frustrations and 
trauma. This is so vital because 
children often lack the verbal skills 
to talk out what they have experi- 
enced. Play is the primary work of 
childhood. In the case of disasters, 
it is their way of dealing in a 
healthy way with this overwhelm- 
ing experience. 

Since 1980, 18,191 children have 
been cared for by 774 of these 
trained men and women. There is a 
real need to have a mix of men and 
women child care givers. Some 
children respond to one gender bet- 
ter than to another, even to one 
age group better than to another. 
While one child needs a grand- 
mother figure, another may need a 
father figure. 

For those who are interested, 
a Disaster Child Care Training 

Millions in India 
Go Hungry 

Experts estimate that half 
of India's 750 million people 
go to bed hungry. 

World Relief helps local 
missionaries minister to the 
poorest of the poor in India. 

Here's how we've helped 
save and rebuild lives: 

March 1987: Distributed 
blankets to lepers in Nar- 

April 1987: Provided cloth- 
ing to widows and physi- 
cally-handicapped people liv- 
ing in Rajahmundry slums. 

May 1987: Distributed med- 
icine, vitamins, milk, and 
food to mothers and children. 

June 1987: Gave rice to 
fire accident survivors in 

About 75% of the children in India don't receive the immunizations they need 
to survive to adulthood. Brethren relief in India helps. 

Workshop will be held April 15-16 
at the Huntington Church of the 
Brethren, 306 East Washington 
St., Huntington, IN 46750. The 
contact person is Carolyn Shu- 
maker (telephone 219-356-6849). 

Also if you desire to correspond 
with me, write or call Rev. Tim 
Garner, St. James Brethren 
Church, St. James, MD 21781 
(church phone 301-582-3333; home 
phone 301-582-3238). 


The Brethren Evangelist 



. . . 1987 



— $60,604 

An asterisk (*) indicates an increase over 1986. This amount includes Woman's 

Missionary Societies and individuals. 


Pennsylvania continued 

Indiana continued 







$ -0- 

Bradenton $ -0- 

620 Vinco 



College Comer 



Bloomingdale -0- 

1,118 Wayne Heights 






Kissimmee 10 

-0- White Dale 



County Line 



St. Petersburg 328 







Sarasota 518* 





Town & Country 90* 





$ 427 

$ 946* 

$ 400 Cerro Gordo 





688 Lanark 






1,576 MiUedgeville 





$ 307 

Bethlehem $ 802* 

4,072 Waterloo 






Covenant Community -0- 

-0- Mt. Zion 








Cumberland -0- 
Lost Creek (Drushal Mem.) -0- 


$ 3,061 









Gatewood -0- 
Haddix -0- 
Hagerstown 804* 
Icard 15* 
Kimsey Run -0- 
Liberty 75 
Linwood 393* 
Mathias 100 


$ -0- Brethren Fellowship 
-0- Columbus 

$ -0- 


Meadow Crest 



-0- Fremont 
194 Garber 
762 Gratis 





New Paris 




486 Gretna 



North Liberty 



Mauertown 1,033 
Mt. Olive 920* 
Oak Hill 100 
Rowdy -0- 
St. James 1,418 
St. Luke 473* 
Washington -0- 
Waterbrook -0- 

350 HillcrestDayton 
-0- Louisville Bible 





784 Louisville First 
-0- Medina 






-0- Newark 
1,818 New Lebanon 



South Bend 


250 N. Georgetown 
2,166 Park Street 





1,460 Pleasant Hill 







789 Smithville 





260 Smoky Row 



Winding Waters 



20 Trinity/Canton 




$ 905 

Berlin $1,315* 

-0- Walcrest 



Brush Valley 2,043* 

250 W. Alexandria 




Calvary -0- 

520 Williamstown 






Cameron -0- 
Fairless Hills 122* 




Highland 128* 
Johnstown IT 70 
Johnstown III 1,139 
Main St. 100 
Masontown 472 


$ -0- Lathrop 
1,094 Northgate 
350 Stockton 

$ -0- 

$ 710 

Falls City 
Ft. Scott 

$ 428 


Mt. Olivet 144 


$ 2,429* 


Mt. Pleasant -0- 



Pittsburgh 228 


$ 218 

Northwest Chapel 



Pleasant View -0- 

$ 572 Ardmore 






Quiet Dell -0- 

5,974 Brighton Chapel 



Sunrise Community 



Raystown 70* 

1,821 Bryan 


$ 438 

$ 1,203 


Sarver 187 

300 Burlington 





Sergeantsville -0- 

48 Carmel 



Valley (Jones Mills) 260* 

-0- Center Chapel 


$ 4,412 



$ 4,056 

$53,000 was sent to Work 

f ReUef Corporation of the 

National Associati 

on of Evangelicals.* 



*See page 3 f 

or special note. 

Grand Total 


Send offerings to: 


IS (over 


Brethren World ReUef 

1. Brighton Chapel 

$ 6,161 

4. Bryan 

$ 2,022 

Rev. Ronald L. Waters 

2. South Bend 


5. New Lebanon 


P.O. Box 246 

3. Northgate 


7. Jefferson 


BurUngton, IN 46915 

4. Brush Valley 


8. Park Street 


April 1988 




"Ye Are My Witnesses . . ." is Theme 
Of Florida District Conference 

St. Petersburg, Fla. — "Ye are my 

witnesses, saith the Lord, and my ser- 
vant whom I have chosen ..." (Isaiah 
43:10) was the theme of the eleventh 
annual conference of the Florida Dis- 
trict of Brethren Churches, held 
March 6 at the St. Petersburg Church 
of the Brethren and hosted by Breth- 
ren House. 

The afternoon session included con- 
gregational singing; words of welcome 
from District Co-ordinator Charles F. 
Ankney and host pastor Phil Lersch; 
devotions by Berwyn Oltman, pastor 
of the Church of the Brethren; reports 

by Brethren national boards and 
ministries, and a business session. 

Elections resulted in the following 
officers for 1988-89; co-ordinator 
elect — Rev. Russell Grordon; secre- 
tEiry — Helen McConahay; treasurer — 
Paul Yoder; women's representative — 
Vickie Betancourt; men's representa- 
tive — Andy Episcopo; and ministerial 
representative — Rev. Kenneth Sol- 
omon. Mrs. Donna Ru Lon, the 1987- 
88 co-ordinator elect, is the new dis- 
trict co-ordinator. 

Other business included reports 
from the district ministries. The con- 

Skeldons Find Trip to Israel 
A Time to Learn and to Grow 

Oak Hill, W. Va. — Rev. and Mrs. 
William Skeldon and their daughter- 
in-law, Jane Skeldon, spent February 
14-23 in the Holy Land vacationing, 
learning, and growing in their 
spiritual experience. 
The three Skeldons gave a report of 

TJie Skeldons off for Israel 

their trip on Sunday evening, Feb- 
ruary 28, to the Oak Hill First Breth- 
ren congregation, which Rev. Skeldon 
pastors. The Skeldons noted that de- 
spite the news of riots and conflict in 
Israel, they felt quite safe there. The 
only indications of protest they saw 
were that Arab shopkeepers closed 
their shops except for three hours a 
day and also kept their children out of 
school. They saw many instances of 
Jews and Arabs co-existing peacefully. 

Mrs. Skeldon told about looking out 
over Jerusalem from their hotel on the 
Mt. of Olives and watching the sun- 
rise. She said that seeing the sun's 
rays turn the rocks to colors of rose, 
white, and beige was an indescribable 

Other highlights of the visit in- 

cluded tEiking a boat ride on the Sea of 
Galilee, with the boat stopping so that 
a worship service could be held; Jane's 
baptism in the Jordan River; and 
climbing Masada, the symbol of Jew- 
ish resistance to Roman oppression. 

This was Pastor Skeldon's fifth visit 
to Israel, his wife's fourth, but the first 
for daughter-in-law Jane. Pastor Skel- 
don said that he will take the trip as 
long as he has someone to go with 
him. He said that it is like reading the 
Bible — there's always something new 
to see and learn. 

— reported by R. Rogusky, 
corresponding secretary 

ference approved a recommendation 
by the Ministry of Missions/Outreach 
that its $250 allocations for 1987 and 
1988 be designated for the Town and 
Country Church for its new addition. 

Pastor Dale Ru Lon reported that 
this addition is under roof and parti- 
tions are in place. The heating, air 
conditioning, electricity, and plumb- 
ing need to be installed and inspected. 
Changing building codes in the county 
have delayed the progress, as has lack 
of funds. He reported that $6,000 is 
needed to complete the addition. 

Arthur Tinkel, Bible teacher of the 
class at Intercession City, Fla., re- 
ported that the group no longer wants 
to be considered a Home Mission class. 
Conference delegates approved mo- 
tions to withdraw their disignation £is 
a class and to donate money turned in 
to the district by the class (approxi- 
mately $1,140) to the building fund of 
the Town and Country Church. 

The evening worship service of the 
conference included special music by a 
trio (Gayle Marquette, Jan Mairquette, 
and Ginny Beeman) from the Sarasota 
Church, installation of the 1988-89 of- 
ficers, and a message entitled "Choose 
Whom You Will Serve" by General 
Conference Moderator Dale R. Stoffer. 

The 1989 District Conference is 
scheduled for Msirch 1 1 at the Braden- 
ton Brethren Church. 

— reported by Helen McConahay, 
District secretary 

Rev. Weston Ellis Installed 
As Pastor of Hillcrest Church 

Dayton, Ohio — Rev. Weston Ellis 
was installed February 18 as pastor of 
the Hillcrest Brethren Church. 

Rev. Ellis is a 1975 graduate of Ash- 
land Theological Seminary and pas- 
tored the Oakville, Ind., First Breth- 
ren Church from 1975 until January 
of this year. He and his wife Sally 
have two adult daughters. 

Rev. John Brownsberger, a former 
pastor of the Hillcrest congregation, 
performed the installation service. He 
was assisted by Deacon Mark Flory, 
who read the charge to the congrega- 
tion. Rev. Brownsberger's sermon was 
entitled "Invitation to a Petrty." 

Special music was provided by An- 
nette Carter, who sang, "I Shall Not 
Pass This Way Again," and by trum- 
peter Louis Walbom, who played, 
"Holy, Holy, Holy." 

The Hillcrest congregation celeb- 
rated the Ellis's arrival in Dayton 

Rev. John Brownsberger lays hands on 
Pastor and Mrs. Wes Ellis, consecrating 
them for service at the Hillcrest Brethren 

Church. Photo by Doug Akistadt 

with a carry-in fellowship dinner fol- 
lowing the installation service. 


The Bretheien Evangelist 


23 Crusaders, One Intern to Serve 
In Brethren Churches This Summer 

Ashland, Ohio — Twenty-three 
Brethren young people have been cho- 
sen to serve as Summer Crusaders and 
one as a church intern this summer, 
according to the National Board of 
Christian Education. 

The 23 Crusaders have been divided 
into four teams — two education 
teams, one camp/education team, and 
a music team. 

The Ed I team will be captained by 
Ryan Gordon, a third-year crusader 
from Bradenton, Fla. Fourth-year vet- 
eran Michael Evans of Lathrop, Calif, 
and second-year veteran Mark Ray of 
Milford, Ind., along with first-year 
crusaders Jennifer Emerick of Berlin, 
Pa., and Kimberly Wilkins of Tucson, 
Ariz., complete the team. 

Rebecca Williams, a third-year 
crusader from Sarasota, Fla., will cap- 
tain the Ed II team. The rest of the 
team, all first-year crusaders, are 
Brent Grimm, Milford, Ind.; Traci 
Hobgood, Lathrop, Calif; Eric 
Bargerhuff, Mexico, Ind.; and Kim 
Marie Smith, Tucson, Ariz. 

Jean Moe, a fifth-year crusader from 
Sarasota, Fla., will captain the Camp/ 
Ed team. She will be assisted by 
second-year crusaders Kimberly Mil- 
ler of Sarasota, Fla., and Eric Schave 
of Milledgeville, 111. New crusaders on 
this team will be Robert Wilson of 
Tucson (Northwest Chapel), Ariz., and 
Dawn Kidd of Harrisonburg (Beth- 
lehem Brethren Church), Va. 

David Webb, a fourth-year crusader 
from South Bend (Ardmore Brethren 
Church), Ind., will captain the music 
team, with assistance from Jennifer 
Moorehead of Muncie, Ind., who will 
serve as music captain. Second-year 
veterans Beth Naff of Woodstock (St. 
Luke Brethren Church), Va., and 
Kimberly Wagoner of Elkhart, Ind., as 
well as first year crusaders Kurt 
Stout, Burlington, Ind.; Ljmne Bur- 
key, Ashland (Park Street Brethren 
Church), Ohio; Rebecca laccino, Lath- 
rop, Calif; and John Howenstine, 
Canton (Trinity Brethren Church), 
Ohio, complete the team. 

Dominique Hutchison, who has 

Cheyenne Member Helen Garber 
Honored on Her 100th Birthday 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — Helen Gasset 
Garber, a member of the Cheyenne 
Brethren Church and widow of the 
pastor of 
that congre- 
gation, was 
honored in 
February on 
the occasion 
of her 100th 

Mrs. Gar- 
ber's chil- 
dren and 
dren hosted 
a reception 
for her on 
February 13 
(her actual Helen Gasset Garber 
birthdate) at Little America. More 
than 100 family members and friends 
attended the reception. 

On February 28th the members of 
the Cheyenne Brethren Church hon- 
ored Mrs. Garber (whom they affec- 
tionately call "Grandma") during their 
morning worship hour. A feature of 
this service was a historical sketch of 

April 1988 

Mrs. Garber's life written by her step- 
daughter, Florence White, and read by 
several people of the congregation. 

Helen was bom and raised in Leon, 
Iowa, the daughter of John and Mary 
Bouman. On July 16, 1904, she mar- 
ried Walter Gassett, and they were 
the parents of five children, three of 
whom are still living. Helen and Leon 
lived in Decator County, Iowa, mitil 
1910, when they moved to Wyoming to 
homestead 17 miles northwest of 

Following her first husband's death, 
Helen married Pastor Frank Garber 
in January 1950 and moved from her 
ranch to Cheyenne, where she still 
lives. She took on the duties of a pas- 
tor's wife, making calls with her hus- 
band and sitting up with the sick. She 
also taught a girls' Sunday school 
class, played the piano and organ, and 
served for many years as camp cook. 
In fact, she was famous for her good 
cooking and could always be counted 
on to bring a full basket or two to any 
church dinner. 

When she was 95 she opened her 
home for a women's Bible study so 
that women of the church could gather 
to study and pray. Now, at age 100, 
she continues to faithfully give of her 
means, her love, and her prayers. 

— reported by Alice M. Tharp 

served four years as a Summer 
Crusader, will serve this year as a 
church staff intern at the First Breth- 
ren Church of Tucson, Ariz. 

All of the teams will meet April 9 in 
Ashland for INTRO DAY. They will 
choose team nEimes, look at summer 
itineraries, have pictures taken, and 
work through team assignments. 
Orientation will begin with captains' 
training on Jime 9-10, followed by a 
week of intensive training for all team 
members from June 11-18. The term 
of service will begin June 18. 

Bryan G. Karchner Joins Staff 
Of Jefferson Brethren Church 

Goshen, Ind. — Bryan G. Karchner 
was added to the pastoral staff of the 
Jefferson Brethren church February 1 
to serve pri- 
marily in 
the areas of 
children and 
youth minis- 
tries and 
J. -^^ |, » is a grad- 

^^L ^^n/j^ uate of Ash- 

^^^^ ^MK- ^^'^^ Theo- 

^^H^L ^ ^^HKi^ logical Sem- 

H^A H ^^H ^^^^' ^^^' 
mmijlll, \ fim Ing received 

Bryar^G-KarcKr^er ^^^ftX 
toral psychology and counseling in 
1986 and having completed his master 
of divinity degree in 1987. While in 
seminary he served as youth pastor for 
the First FVesbyterian Church of Man- 
sfield, Ohio, and as a resident coun- 
selor for Choice Place, a group home 
for delinquent teenagers. 

Prior to attending seminary, 
Karchner received his B.S. degree in 
education from Millersville State Col- 
lege of Millersville, Pa., and taught in- 
dustrial arts at Northwestern Lehigh 
Junior/Senior High School in New 
Tripoli, Pa. 

Karchner is engaged to marry Linda 
A. Clifton, also an Ashland Theologi- 
cal Seminary graduate. Ms. Clifton re- 
ceived her M.A. degree in pastoral 
psychology and counseling from ATS 
in May 1986, and currently works at 
Touchstone, a group home for delin- 
quent boys. At Touchstone she de- 
veloped a day treatment program, of 
which she is the coordinator. Follow- 
ing their May wedding, Ms. Clifton 
will join her husband at Jefferson and 
seek work as a counselor. 

— reported by Sandy Vance 





Rev. St. Clair Benshoff has been 
asked to serve as interim pastor of the 
Sarasota, Fla., First Brethren Church, 
following the retirement of Dr. J.D. 
Hamel. Rev. Benshoff will begin serv- 
ing the church on Sunday, May 8, and 
continue until the church secures its 
next pastor. 

The following members of the 
Hagerstown, Md., First Brethren 
Church read through the Bible in 
1987: Helen Sweeney, Evelyn King, 
Tom Keberly, Pat Swain, Rev. Bruce 
Shanholtz, Beulah Lowman, JoAnn 
Hendershot, Edith Cushen, Ethel 
Geaslen, and Mary Cushen. 

Dr. Harold Bamett, pastor of the 
Hagerstown First Brethren Church, 
was invited to and attended a Reagan 
Administration Executive Forum on 
January 19 at Constitution Hall. The 
President and his Cabinet were pres- 
ent, as well as members of Congress. 
According to Dr. Bamett, it was a 
once-in-a-lifetime experience. 

Rev. Curt Nies recently became 
pastor of the First Brethren Church of 
Falls City, Nebr. Rev. Nies received 
his ordination from the Assemblies of 
God and pastored the Assembly of God 
in Falls City before accepting a call to 
the Falls City First Brethren Church. 
Pastor Nies and his wife Marsha have 
three children, Jonathan (7), Candace 
(2V2), and Nathan, bom January 14. 

Mrs. Ruth DeLozier, a longtime 
member of the Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church, has published her 
second book of poetry. Entitled God's 
Gift to Me, the book is an assortment 
of Christian poems separated into seven 
categories. Mrs. DeLozier's first book, 
God Guided My Thoughts, was pub- 
lished 12 years ago. God's Gift to Me is 
available from The Carpenter's Shop in 
Ashland or from the author for $5.00. 

The Marion, Ind., Brethren 
Church disbanded in October 1987. 

The Men and Boys Spring Rally, 

sponsored by the Penna. Dist. Lajrmen, 
will be held May 20-21 at Camp Peniel. 


Pleasant View Church Holds 
24-hr. Prayer Vigil and Fast 

Vandergrifl, Pa. — A 24-hour prayer 
vigil and fast was held March 4-5 at 
the Pleasant View Brethren Church. 

The prayer vigil and fast was the 
idea of the church leaders, who felt a 
need for an all-out effort to get mem- 
bers involved in prayer for one 
another emd for the needs of the world. 

Approximately 35 members of the 
church Eind Sunday school met Friday 
evening, March 4, for a light supper of 
homemade soups. The meal was fol- 
lowed by a half-hour service led by 
Pastor Keith Hensley and John 
Lynch, in preparation for the prayer 
vigil and fast. 

The 24-hour vigil had been divided 
into six 4-hour segments. Each of the 
youth/adult Sunday school classes was 
responsible for arranging for class 
members to pray during one of the 
four-hour periods. 

At least 50 people took part in the 
prayer vigil. Fasting was done on a 
voluntary basis. Everyone who took 
part agreed that it was a very special 
time of spiritual strengthening and of 
drawing closer to the Lord and to one 

Home Mission Pastor Speaks 
At Warsaw W.M.S. Service 

Warsaw, Ind. — Rev. James Miller, 
pastor of the Carmel, Ind., Brethren 
Church, was the guest speaker for the 
W.M.S. public service held Sunday 
evening, February 28, at the Warsaw 
First Brethren Church. 

Rev. Miller spoke enthusiastically of 
the progress being made on the con- 
struction of the initial building of the 
Carmel Church, which is a Brethren 
Home Mission congregation. He said 
that the congregation, which currently 
meets in a public library, is eagerly 
looking forward to the completion of 
the building, hopefully by May 1. 

Pastor Miller noted that many 
families and individuals have re- 
sponded to telephone calls and per- 
sonal visits inviting them to partici- 
pate in the church services. He expects 
that more will attend when the serv- 
ices are held in the new building. 

Rev. Miller asked that Brethren 
continue to pray for and support the 
congregation as it seeks to reach those 
in the community seeking salvation 
and fellowship. 

— reported by Gladys Huffer 
W.M.S. corresponding secretary 

In Memory 

Robert E. Kline, 88, March 11. Member of 
the Hillcrest Brethren Church for 65 years; 
served as church organist and music direc- 
tor for several years. Services by Pastor 
Was Elllis. 

Matthew Daniel Leistner, March 10. In- 
fsmt son of Dan and Kathie Leistner, mem- 
bers of the Pleasant Hill First Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Robert 

Glenn Schellhouse, 84, February 26. 
Member of the Pleasant Hill First Breth- 
ren Church for 66 years. Services by Pastor 
Robert Westfall. 

Edward Stillwagon, 70, February 24. 
Member of the Masontown Brethren 
Church since 1928. Services by Pastor Rus- 
sell King and Rev. Carl Opel. 
Laura Mae Gamer, 89, February 17. 
Charter member of the Mishawaka Breth- 
ren Church which she served as a Sunday 
school teacher. Services by Rev. James 

William Walgamuth, 61, February 16. 
Member of the Warsaw First Brethren 
Church. Services by Rev. Claude Stogsdill. 
Josephine E. Wolford, 72, February 7. 
Member of the Williamstown Brethren 
Chiu-ch since 1930; served as treasurer and 
Sunday school teacher. Services by Rev. St. 
Clair Benshoff, assisted by Pastor Keith 

Lee M. Carey, 83, January 27. Member of 
the Pleasant Hill First Brethren Church 
for 69 years, and served for many years on 

the trustee board. Services by Pastor 
Robert Westfall. 

Abraham "Abe" C. Glessner, 82, De- 
cember 30, 1987. Member of the Waterloo 
First Brethren Church since 1919. He 
served in many capacities, including as 
moderator, deacon, and flnancial secretary; 
Eis Sunday school superintendent, teacher, 
secretary, and treasurer; on various com- 
mittees; and also sang in the church choir 
for over 50 years. In addition, he was a 
member of the Central District Mission 
Board, which he served as secretary and 
treasurer. As a member of that board he 
assisted in the establishment of a mission 
church in Cedar Falls, Iowa. Services by 
Pastor Lynn Mercer. 


Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Graft, 50th, April 
30. Members of the Loree First Brethren 


Dana Koehler to Jon Burt, February 27, 
at the Pleassmt Hill First Brethren 
Church; Pastor Robert Westfall officiating. 
Groom a member of the Pleasant Hill First 
Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Willisonstown: 2 by baptism 

Waterloo: 2 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

Walcrest: 2 by baptism, 1 by transfer, 7 

by reaffirmation of faith and former baptism 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the icingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14)> 


This is the month of a very special day — Easter. Easter is the time when we 
remember Jesus' death and resurrection. Do you know what resurrection means? 
It means "come back to life." Since Jesus is God's Son, He could come back to life after 
He died. 

Jesus was with His friends for 40 days after His resurrection. Then one day He and 
His friends were on a mountaintop. Jesus began to slowly rise from the earth. Up and up 
and up He went until a cloud hid Him from the people. 

An angel appeared who said, "Jesus has gone into heaven. Someday He will come 

Christians believe Jesus will return. We call it the Second Coming. We believe He 
will come back for those who love and follow Him. 

— based on Acts 1:9-11 

A. Fill in the month of: 

1 . Your birthday. 

2. Christmas. 

3. New Year's Day. 

4. Thanksgiving Day. 

5. First day of school. 

6. Last day of school. 

' vww'rw^www^www 

We know the dates and times of 
', many things, but we do not know when 
> Jesus will return. 

n ^ ^ ^ - 

B. Make hands on the clocks to show what 
time you: 

Eat dinner. 

Go to bed. 

C. To find the angel's message, draw a line from the first row of letters to the second row. Start 
with the J and skip every other letter. The first three letters are done for you. 





















Now write the letters on these lines and read the 

April 1988 



Stoffer Challenges Ohio Brethren 
With Need for Greater Commitment 

Pleasant Hill, Ohio — Using 
Joshua's farewell challenge to the 
People of Israel in Joshua 24:14-15 as 
his text, General Conference Mod- 
erator Dale R. Stoffer shared his per- 
sonal challenge to The Brethren 
Church in a message presented March 
12 at the Ohio District Conference, 
held at the Pleasant Hill First Breth- 
ren Church. 
Dr. Stoffer set forth three areas of 

concern he has for The Brethren 
Church during this Conference year — 
foundational, structural, and attitudi- 

Foundationally, we need a greater 
degree of commitment, he said. We 
need to dream dreams of what the 
Lord can do through us and make the 
commitment and sacrifices necessary 
to bring these dreams to reality. 

Structurally, our basic need is for 

Pleasant Hill Church Holds 
Fourth Annual Missions Conf. 

Pleasant Hill, Ohio — "A Light to 
the Nations" was the theme of the 
fourth annual Missions Conference, 
held March 4-6 at the Pleasant Hill 
First Brethren Church. 

The entire church feimily peirtici- 
pated in the conference, which was 
held to promote awareness of the need 
for missions and to kick off 1988 Faith 

The conference opened on Friday 
with a 24-hour prayer vigil, during 
which members took turns praying for 
missions in 15-minute intervals. 

Saturday began with a Father-Son 
prayer breakfast. Rev. Bill Kemer, 
supervisor of Brethren Home Mis- 
sions, was the guest speaker, and spe- 
cial music was provided by a men's 
quartet and by Jason Shellenberger. 

At noon, mothers and daughters en- 

joyed a salad luncheon. Virginia 
Landis, who is associated with Child 
Evangelism in eastern Pennsylvania, 
was the guest speaker. 

Following a progressive supper held 
Saturday evening, Rev. Bill Kemer 
presented a V.C.R. tape of Rev. James 
Black's recent trip to India and 

On Sunday morning Virginia 
Landis presented a lesson to the pri- 
mary and intermediate departments 
during Sunday school, while Ken 
Clarkston, a professor at Cedarville 
College, told the high school and adult 
departments about his work at the 
Gospel Mission, a lighthouse for inner- 
city homeless in Dayton, Ohio. 

Rev. Bill Kerner spoke again during 
the morning worship service, and fol- 
lowing his message Faith Promises 
were made totaling $14,743. 

A noon carry-in dinner completed 
the missions weekend. 
— reported by Betty J. Shellenberger 

Oak Hill Males Demonstrate 
Baking Skills at Bake-Off 

Oak Hill, W. Va. — Men and boys of 
the First Brethren Church of Oak Hill 
put their baking skills to the test Feb- 
ruary 13 in the church's 6th annual 
Lajrmen and Boys Bake-Off. 

The men and boys prepared various 
bELked goods, which were then sold at 
an all-church auction. The auction 
was preceded by a time of singing, de- 
votions, and prayer. 

Brownies baked by five-year-old 
Chad Shepherd received the highest 
bid — $16.00. Honors for the prettiest 
cake went to Lawrence and Larry 
Watkins, whose cake was decorated 
with a scene of a church in the snow. 
Most original honors went to Paul Fox 
for his "monkey bread." Mr. Fox is 
also credited with coming up with the 
idea for this annual event. 

Photo by Jeanette Nuckels. 

Chad Shepherd with his $16 -brownies. 

The money received from the auc- 
tion of the baked goods will be used for 
the needy or for church needs. 

— reported by R. Rogusky 
corresponding secretary 

greater unity of direction. To achieve 
this unity. Dr. Stoffer recommended 
the hiring of a national Director of De- 
nominational Ministries, someone who 
will know what is going on in every 
board and committee of the church. 

Attitudinally, we need a greater de- 
gree of love and trust, a deeper sense 
that we are a body, and a higher de- 
gree of financial responsibility, accord- 
ing to Dr. Stoffer. 

In the business session that followed 
Stoffer's message, the 21 ministerial 
and 73 lay delegates elected officers, 
heard reports from district officers and 
boards, and cared for other business. 

The 1988-89 district officers are 
Rev. Terry Lodico, moderator; Rev. 
Robert Dillard, moderator-elect; 
Deanna Benshoff, secretary; Janice 
Rowsey, assistant secretary; Tom Stof- 
fer, treasurer; Stan Gentle, assistant 
treasurer; Rev. Steve Cole, statisti- 
cian; and Rev. Michael Gleason, 
statutory agent. 

After a lengthy discussion concern- 
ing proper procedure, the conference 
provisionally changed the designation 
of the Brethren Fellowship of the 
Savior in Cleveland Heights fi-om a 
Home Mission class to a mission con- 
gregation. Delegates also voted not to 
hold a fall conference this year but to 
have two area rallies instead. The dis- 
trict executive committee was asked to 
set dates and to ask churches to host 
the rallies. The next district confer- 
ence was set for March 10-11, 1988, to 
be held at the North Georgetown 
Brethren Church. 



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^ tribute to Christian Motfiers 

Developing a Global Vision 

Changing Citizenship 

SOME years ago, Herbert "Ned" 
Collingridge went to Uruguay 
as a missionary. There he began to 
see radio as an effective tool for 
Christian outreach. 

Soon, an interesting opportunity 
presented itself Ned learned about 
the possibility of buying an existing 
radio station in the capital city, 
Montevideo. The idea excited him. 
What a way to get the Gospel to 
Uruguayans who might never set 
foot in a church! 

One problem 

But there was one problem. Even 
if Ned could raise the money to buy 
the station, Uruguayan law forbade 
any foreigner from owning a radio 

The only way Ned could legally 
purchase the station was by taking 
out Uruguayan citizenship. This 
sounded rather drastic, but Ned de- 
cided to go through with it. 

Ned did get Uruguayan citizen- 
ship and was able to purchase the 
station. Thus Radio Centenario is 
now airing a solid schedule of 
evangelistic, discipleship, and other 

I had read about the radical deci- 
sion of the early Moravian mis- 
sionaries, who, in order to preach 
Christ to the slaves in the West 
Indies, became slaves themselves. 
But Collingridge is the first U.S. 
missionary I have met who took out 
foreign citizenship "in the line of 

A recent article in the Southern 
Baptists' missions magazine, The 

Commission, suggests that foreign 
citizenship may increasingly become 
an option for U.S. workers. Trustees 
of the Southern Baptist Foreign Mis- 
sion Board last December gave their 
unanimous approval to a policy al- 
lowing missionaries to seek citizen- 
ship in certain countries where mis- 
sionary access is restricted. 

Of the world's 235 countries, said 
The Commission, 44 are closed to 
missionaries or make it very hard 
for them to enter. In another 52 
countries, only limited missionary 
access is possible. 

The matter first arose in In- 
donesia, where visa extensions are 
denied to those who have been there 
10 years. Some Baptist missionaries 
were facing nonrenewal of their 
visas, and immigration officials told 
them to consider Indonesian citizen- 

Taking foreign citizenship means 
giving up U.S. citizenship, continued 
the magazine report. Anyone doing 
this would need immediate family 
who are U.S. citizens in order to get 
permission for travel to the U.S. or 
to regain U.S. citizenship after mis- 
sion service. 

Acceptable risk 

Baptist official Bill Wakefield 
acknowledged the risk involved in 
choosing foreign citizenship, but he 
called it "acceptable" in light of "giv- 
ing (lost people) the opportunity to 
hear the gospel of Jesus Christ." 

Would I relinquish U.S. citizen- 
ship if called upon? Would you? 

The question sounds almost anti- 

patriotic. And it creates an element 
of fear: There's a certain feeling of 
security that goes along with being 
a citizen of one of the most powerful 
nations in the world. 

Our true citizenship 

Still, it's important to remember 
that our true citizenship as Chris- 
tians is heaven, where "there is no 
Greek or Jew." 

National boundaries, constitu- 
tions, visas, and passports are the 
temporal creations of humans. Our 
first and primary allegiance is to 
Christ, who never changes. 

That's not to say we shouldn't 
value our heritage as U.S. citizens. 
Just as the Apostle Paul took advan- 
tage of being a Roman Citizen, so we 
enjoy certain privileges as U.S. citi- 

I'm proud of what our country 
stands for, and I'm thankful for the 
way God has used the United States 
to advance the cause of world mis- 

And even if we did give up U.S. 
citizenship on paper, we would not 
stop being North American in cul- 
ture and outlook. In fact, mis- 
sionaries and other expatriates run 
into problems when they futilely try 
to erase all North American cultural 
trappings in an effort to totally iden- 
tify with the host culture (just as 
missionaries who go to the other ex- 
treme — not even trying to identify 
with the host culture — create prob- 
lems for themselves and others). 

Reexamine priorities 

Yet every now and then, it's help- 
ful to reexamine our priorities as 
Christians . . . and as citizens. 

Missions expert Ralph Winter, 
known for challenging and provoca- 
tive statements, shared one more 
in a recent article. He wrote: "If 
Americans are going to be Ameri- 
cans first and Christians second, 
they will never be missionaries. 
Jesus will look out upon this coun- 
try, out upon a civilization which 
can crumble to dust overnight, and 
say, 'You did not know the time of 
your visitation.' " [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

May 1988 
Volume 110, Number 5 

The Brethren Evangeust 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


Morven Baker 


Phil Lersch 

John Maust 

Alvin Shifflett 

Children's Page 

Alberta Holsinger 

Editorial and 

Business Office 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) for The Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, OH 44805-3792. 
Authors' views are not neces- 
sarily those of The Brethren 
Church or the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company. 
Subscription Rates: One 
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sent first describing a proposed 
manuscript is preferred. In- 
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Member: Evangelical Press 


Keeping My Brother: Social Responsibility and the Old 4 

Testament by David W. Baker 

Old Testament teaching concerning God and humanity is founda- 
tional to a proper understanding of social responsibility 

Five Things to Forget by G. Roger Schoenhals 6 

Certain things need to be forgotten if we are to make progress 
in our Christian lives. 

Evaluating and Fine-Tuning Yoiu* Partnership in Ministry 9 

by Gene A. Geaslen 

An effective Laymen's ministry requires regular assessments 

followed by any necessary adjustments. 

Ministry Pages: Brethren Youth Crusaders 

National BYC: Alive and WeU! 
Bryan, Ohio; Highland, Pa. 10 

Miami Valley; National BYC Project; MilledgeviUe, 111., 11 

Vinco, Pa. 
Roanoke, Ind.; New Lebanon, Ohio; Bethlehem, Va.; 12 

Cameron, W. Va. 
Flora, Ind.; Gratis, Ohio; Carmel, Ind.; Central District 13 


Developing a Global Vision 2 

by John Maust 

Let Us Be Brethren 8 

by Moderator Dale R. Stoffer 
Peace Points of View 14 

Update 15 

From the Grape Vine 18 

Children's Page 19 

by Alberta Holsinger 


This month's cover is dedicated to Christian mothers in recognition of 
and appreciation for their godly influence in the home, the church, and the 

Employee leaving: The editor regrets to announce that Mrs. Morven 
Baker, who served as his assistant for the past seven months and as Brethren 
Church National Office secretary for a year before that, has resigned (effec- 
tive April 30) in order to spend more time pursuring a counseling degree at 
Ashland Theological Seminary. Morven will be greatly missed by her fellow 
workers at the Brethren National Offices. 

Answers to Little Crusader Page: 

A. 1. Father; 2. Son; 3. Holy Spirit; 4. guides, helps. 

B. No answer required. 

C. 1. John 14:16 or John 15:26; 2. John 15:26; 3. John 14:26; 
4. John 16:13. 

May 1988 

Keeping My Brother 

Social Responsibility 

and the 

Old Testament 

By David W. Baker 

THE Marxist-Leninist vision is to 
transform humanity by trans- 
forming society: where the mass 
leads, the individual must follow. 
This vision includes no real compas- 
sion for the individual, however, 
since it has no basis upon which to 
recognize worth; there is no objec- 
tive value in people and no firm 
foundation upon which to establish 
whether an action is good or evil. 

Is Christianity any different? 

The Judaeo-Christian understand- 
ing of humanity is based on the Old 
Testament. There one finds that a 
person has value in oneself — not 
just in what one can do, but in who 
one is. Humanity was given worth 
at creation, when uniquely created 
in God's image (Gen. 1:28). This not 
only makes possible a personal re- 
lationship between people and God; 
it also establishes a person's worth 
in God's eyes. This worth is affirmed 
in that even after humanity will- 
fully sinned against the Creator, 
that wronged Creator, though 
spurned, still guarded the relation- 
ship with those who had spurned 

Dr. Baker is associate professor of Old 
Testament and Hebrew at Ashland 
Theological Seminary. 

This article was written by Dr. Baker 
at the request of the Social Concerns 
Committee of General Conference. A fol- 
low-up article by another writer on the 
New Testament basis of social action is 
planned for later this year. 

Him (Gen. 3:21), even to the extent 
of forbidding murder (Gen. 9:6). 

God's special care for humanity is 
also strongly evident in the cov- 
enant document by which Yahweh, 
the God of Israel, made Israel 
uniquely His own. In Exodus 20:2, 
God in grace established a loving 
covenant of redemption and provi- 
dence with His people even before 
they had responded in obedience. 
The Law, in the form of the Ten 
Commandments, is thus preceded by 
grace. God loves before He demands. 

Service arising from gratitude 

It is on the basis of this pre-exist- 
ent love that we are expected to 
make an ethical response. If we 
enter fi-eely into a relationship 
which brings blessing — as Israel 
did at Sinai and as Christians do 
at the Cross — our response should 
be one of service arising from 
gratitude. Actions are not demanded 
to receive salvation, but they are ex- 
pected as a response to salvation. 

The response expected of God's 
elect was spelled out in the cov- 
enant, which not only touches on 
"religious" matters such as sacrifice 
and purity (Ex. 20:22-26; 23:14-19), 
but also on matters that we usually 
consider as being completely secu- 
lar, such as agriculture (Ex. 23:10), 
money (Ex. 22:25-27), and sex (Ex. 
20:14; 22:19). Our 20th-century 
perspective leads us to distinguish 
between the sacred, which is God's 
domain, and the secular, which be- 
longs to humanity. In the biblical 

perspective, however, all is sacred, 
for all is in the realm of God and His 
care. Since God was Israel's High 
King, who created and sustains the 
universe, all is under His control. In 
Israel, there was no such concept as 
"one day is God's and six days are 
mine." All were God's. 

This "all" included interpersonal 
relationships, which not only were 
to be under God's guidance, but also 
were between people of equal worth 
as God's image bearers. Therefore, 
care for one's neighbor was just as 
sacred a responsibility as was Tem- 
ple worship. The correct response to 
Cain's rhetorical question to God in 
Genesis 4:9 was, "Yes, you most de- 
finitely are your brother's keeper." 

This same response should re- 
sound through the church, since the 
responsibility and the relationship 
has not been altered by Christ's 
death on the Cross. In fact, the re- 
sponsibility has been heightened. 
The worth of individual people has 
been even more strongly accen- 
tuated since, in the eyes of God, each 
person is worth the life, and death, 
of God's most precious Son. 

Beyond Prohibition 

The response of most people to 
religion is that they do not like to be 
told what they cannot do. This nega- 
tive kind of ethic, "You shall not 
. . .," is biblical, as is seen in the 
majority of the Ten Commandments 
(Ex. 20 and Deut. 5). But both the 
Old Testament and the New reveal 
that a negative ethic is insufficient. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"Our 20th-century perspective leads us to distinguish between the 
sacred, which is God's domain, and the secular, which belongs to 
humanity. In the biblical perspective, however, all is sacred, for 
all is in the realm of God and His care." 

The narrative of the Good Samari- 
tan provides an excellent example 
(Luke 10:29-37). The Levite and the 
priest both personified the negative 
ethic in that they did not care to be- 
come involved; the Samaritan 
exemplified the positive ethic of 
helping someone in need. The Levite 
and priest did nothing wrong accord- 
ing to the letter of the law, they just 
refused to do anything right. Thus 
they did not fulfill the spirit of the 
law. The contrast will be shown in a 
quick overview of the last six of the 
Ten Commandments, those that deal 
with "loving one's neighbor." 

A positive commandment 

The fourth commandment con- 
cerns the Sabbath (Ex. 20:8-11). It is 
one of two commandments worded in 
the positive. It is in reality a gift in 
the shape of a command. All are 
commanded to rest, showing social 
concern for slaves and even for farm- 
ers engrossed in their agricultural 
year (Ex. 34:21). Not only does the 
Sabbath provide opportunity for 
worship, it also offers time for rest, 
renewal, and fellowship. These are 
all ways of positive observance. 

The second command worded in 
the positive concerns honoring one's 
parents, showing a respect and rev- 
erence for them which is elsewhere 
reserved for God alone (Lev. 19:3; cf 
Prov. 9:10, where the same word is 
used). The Decalogue thus shows a 
concern for the preservation and 
restoration of family bonds, bonds 
which were all too commonly being 
severed in the Old Testament, as 
they are today. In fact, the restora- 
tion of family relationships is one of 
the signs of the Messiah (Mai. 4:5,6), 
and is surely one of the tasks of the 
church today. 

Not committing murder is a com- 
mand (Ex. 20:13) we do not break. 
But do we keep it positively? An Is- 
raelite was to maintain an impover- 
ished fellow Israelite until that per- 
son regained independence (Lev. 
25:35). Jesus likewise indicated the 
need to sustain life (Mark 3:4) in ad- 

dition to not taking it. In the Old 
Testament the people were to be 
gardeners, maintaining God's crea- 
tion, while in the New Testament 
we are to be "doctors," bringing res- 
toration and health. This positive 
ethic has ramifications in the areas 
of abortion, euthanasia, and suicide. 
Most of us are not thieves (Ex. 
20:15), depriving others of what is 
rightfully theirs, be it goods, life, 
spouse, or reputation. But do we con- 
sciously help and support those 
whom we, even unknowingly, might 
have deprived (see Matt. 19:21)? 
While not lying or perjuring our- 
selves in a court of law (Ex. 20:16), 
do we nevertheless gossip? The Rab- 
bis said that gossip and slander kill 
all three parties: the person spoken 
about, the person who speaks, and 
the person who hears. Are we then 
murderer and murdered? 

A command for the pious 

Covetousness (Ex. 20:17) is the op- 
posite of the love we are to have for 
our neighbor (Lev. 19:18). The com- 
mand not to covet is one that Luther 
recognized as being addressed par- 
ticularly to the pious, who are not 
caught by adultery or stealing! 

This commandment is closedly al- 
lied to the seventh commandment, 
regarding adultery (Ex. 20:14), 
which was of particular concern to 
Israel. Being mainly an agrarian so- 
ciety, the family unit was necessary 
for economic survival. Anything 
that endangered the family en- 
dangered the tribe and ultimately 
the society as a whole. Marriage was 
highly valued as a permanent re- 
lationship between God and Israel 
(Jer. 3; Hos. 1-3), and divorce was 
hated (Mai. 2:16). We as a church 
also must commit ourselves to 
cherish the institutions of marriage 
and family, fighting with all of our 
power and all of God's grace to pre- 
serve them. 

The prophets were well aware of 
the strong ethical content of true 
worship of God, for they condemned 
not only religious wrongs done by 

the people (e.g. Amos 2:4, 12), but 
even more strongly their exploita- 
tion of the poor (Amos 2:6, 7a), their 
sexual immorality (v. 7b), and their 
lack of support for the helpless (Jer. 
5:28; Mai. 3:8). Israel was con- 
demned for turning its back upon 
God, and the major indication of this 
was turning its back upon human- 
ity. Justice and righteousness, a cor- 
rect relationship with one's neigh- 
bors, is more to be desired than out- 
ward religiosity (Amos 5:21-24). 

A common morality 

Amos also shows that social re- 
sponsibility is not only covenantal 
(expected of Israel), but also broadly 
human. Even nations that did not 
worship or even recognize Yahweh 
were judged by a common morality, 
one that would have been perceived 
in their own national conscience. All 
who made treaties knew that their 
breach was evil (1:9), as were abuse 
of kinship ties (1:11), atrocities 
of war 1:3, 13) and desecration of 
corpses (2:1). The heart, and the 
actions, of people have not changed 
since Amos' day, as our newspapers 
constantly remind us. Our headlines 
condemn us as much as Amos' ban- 
ner announcements condemned the 
peoples about whom he spoke. 

Space does not permit me to sur- 
vey the same positive attitudes to- 
ward neighbors that the wisdom 
writers exhibit, but even a quick 
skim through Proverbs will show 
the value of human life as well as a 
person's responsibility toward others 
(Prov. 6:16-19; 10:18, 11:1). 

While this study has not tried to 
be exhaustive, it has endeavored to 
illuminate this vital area of social 
responsibility from the Old Testa- 
ment. This responsibility is founda- 
tional to the very idea of who God is 
and what humanity is supposed to 
do as a result of a relationship with 
a loving, compassionate God. We are 
to act rightly because of who (jod is, 
of who we are in relation to Him, 
and of what (iod through grace has 
already done for us. [t] 

May 1988 

Five Things 

to 4lei»ember 

SOME THINGS are hard to forget. 
We try, but the more we try, the 
more we remember. It seems to be a 
rule; we forget things we want to re- 
member and remember things we 
want to forget. 

Still, there are things we need to 
forget. Certain memories keep us 
from going forward. They block our 
progress. They inhibit our growth. 

The Apostle Paul, while recogniz- 
ing that some things are good to re- 
member, sought to rid his mind of 
certain memories that impeded his 
spiritual progress. He said, "Forget- 
ting what is behind and straining 
toward what is ahead, I press on 
toward the goal ..." (Phil. 3:13- 
14, NIV). 

What are some of these things we 
do well to forget? While not exhaus- 
tive, here's a list of five. Are any of 
these slowing you down? 

1. Forget Your Failures. 

After Peter repented and found 
forgiveness for denying the Lord, did 
he ever relive the occasion? I imag- 
ine the memory of his colossal fail- 
ure haunted him more than once. 

And what about Paul and his per- 
secution of the early church? I can 
see him cringing as he recalls his 
ruthless behavior. 

And what of David, who commit- 
ted adultery, murder, and deceit? 
Surely there were times when he, 
too, agonized over his memories of 
these sins. 

Perhaps you are plagued by a 

Mr. Schoenhals is a free-lance writer 
who lives in Seattle, Washington. 

memory that causes you to toss and 
turn in the night. Maybe you let 
someone down, someone who trusted 
you. Maybe you are guilty of un- 
faithfulness and deceit. Maybe you 
recall striking or mistreating some- 
one you love. 

Maybe you are dogged by a series 
of failures. You recall repeated 
times when the same temptation 
brought you down. You wince at the 
multitude of these malignant 

Even though you have sought and 
received forgiveness for a failure, 
you can't seem to get it out of your 
mind. Sometimes it sweeps over you 
with tempest force. You try to block 
it out, but the reality of your failure 
lashes your mind. 

The memory of failure is like acid. 
It eats away at a positive self-image. 
It burns and scars attitudes of hope 
and happiness. It ignites a failure 
complex and fuels the expectation of 

There is one thing we should do 
with failure after we have faced it 
and flung it upon the Lord: Forget 

2. Forget Your Hurts. 

When I was a young teen, several 
"friends" ganged up on me and cut 
my hair. They added insult to injury 
by anointing my head with glue. It 
was a mean prank, and it hurt me 

For several years I carried that 
hurt around. I felt bitterness toward 
the person who had masterminded 
the deed. It was hard to let the hurt 

DowTi inside every one of us is 
sensitive to personal abuse. Maybe 
someone has slandered your name. 

By G. Roger Schoenhals 

Perhaps you have been the butt of a 
joke or the object of ridicule. 
Perhaps your parents mistreated 
you and you bear deep emotional 
scars. Or maybe your spouse jilted or 
harmed you. 

We can fondle our hurts for years. 
The unfair discipline of a grade 
school teacher can linger and lame 
our lives. The broken promise of a 
father can fester indefinitely, like an 
open sore. The betrayal of a lover 
can put us into a psychological 

Hanging on to our hurts can sap 
us of energy, rob us of joy, and keep 
us from moving forward. Our hurts 
can hamper our growrth. The only 
healing antidote is to hurl our hurts 
upon the Great Burden Bearer; then 
forget them once and for all. 

3. Forget Past Pleasures. 

Lot's wife looked back. Even 
though she had been warned to 
forget the past, she turned and 
looked wistfully at smoldering 

Jesus said, "No one who puts his 
hand to the plow and looks back is 
fit for service in the kingdom of 
God" (Lk. 9:62, Niv). 

When we commit (and re-conamit) 
ourselves to follow Christ, our mem- 
ories often fail to come faithfully 
along. Some pleasures continue to 
stroke our attention and call us 
backward. These wrongful pleasures 
appeal to the carnal nature within. 
Pleasures enjoyed at the expense of 
conscience. Pleasures that feed self- 
indulgence and hedonistic desire. 

Perhaps we are haunted by former 
memories of luxury and plush carpet 
comfort. In our weak moments, we 
look back at what we cast off when 

The Brethren Evangeust 

'There is one thing we should do with failure after we have 
faced it and flung it upon the Lord: Forget it! 

we took up our cross to follow 
Christ. Or maybe we are tantalized 
by the memory of pleasurable, but 
illegitimate involvements. Or 
perhaps we wistfully recall the un- 
reigned pleasures of our youth. 

Any self-absorbing memory that 
slows us down, that pulls us back, 
that keeps us from forward focus can 
spell disaster. Consider the pillar of 
salt on the trail out of Sodom. 

The best place for remembered 
pleasures is at the bottom of the 
Great Sea of Forgetfulness. Pitch 
them in! 

4. Forget Your Achievements 

In the third chapter of his letter to 
the Philippians, the Apostle Paul 
catalogued his credits. In a several 
verse "vita sheet" he defined his 
pedigree. He even compared himself 
with other spiritual athletes and 
declared, "I have more" (see Phil. 

People who surround the walls of 
their minds with plaques and 
plaudits of the past tend to dwell in 
the past. They relish their contribu- 
tions, their performances, their 
achievements, their exploits, their 
conquests, and their successes. They 
think more highly of themselves 
than they ought to think. They 
dwell in the shrine of self-impor- 
tance and live out the remainder of 
their lives straining to recapture 
yesterday's happiness. 

I once interviewed a pastor in his 
study. I was there to learn about his 
church. What did he tell me? He 
said nothing about the program and 
plans of the church. Instead, he 
showed me the trophy case on the 
wall and extolled the successes of 
last year's softball team. He was 
dwelling in the past. 

Paul listed his achievements only 
to contrast their empty value to the 
worth of knowing Christ. He said, 
"But whatever was to my profit I 
now consider loss for the sake of 
Christ" (Phil. 3:7, Niv). 

The best way to handle the 
achievements of the past is to let 
loose of them. Someone once said, 

"When I receive a bouquet of 
applause I take a quick sniff and 
hand it up to the Lord for His glory." 
Instead of filling a mental display 
case with the glories of yesterday, 
take the trophies and toss them to 
the wind. 

5. Forget Your Kindnesses. 

Some people like to publish their 
good works. They relish the 
applause of others. They want to be 
remembered for what they said or 
did. They play over in their minds, 
like a broken record, any little deed 
of kindness. 

Contrast this to those whom Jesus 
said would be surprised when they 
were told that they had fed the hun- 
gry, welcomed the stranger, clothed 
the naked, visited the sick and im- 
prisoned. These "sheep" had forgot- 
ten their kindnesses. 

The "goats" were different. They 
lived at the microphone, announcing 
to the world their latest deed. They 
loved the kudos and backslaps. They 
said, "We did this and this and this." 
But Jesus said, "Depart from me 
..." (see Matt 25: 31-46). 

The best thing to do after perform- 
ing a deed of kindness is to cast its 
memory upon the Lord. Give it to 

Some Things to Remember. 

Peter exhorts us to "Cast all your 
anxiety on him because he cares 
about you" (I Pet. 5:7, Niv). We 
might paraphrase this to read, "Cast 
your debilitating memories upon the 
Lord . . . ." 

But flinging these thoughts on 
Him is only part of the answer. The 
memory bank needs new deposits to 
replace the old. Indeed, we will have 
more success expunging harmful 
memories if we will remember three 
things about God. 

First, remember that God loves 
you. Play this over and over in your 
mind. Let its truth seep deep into 
your subconscious. Remember that 
you are special in God's eyes and 
that He desires your wholeness. Re- 
member that He wants you to live a 

full and abundant life through ac- 
tive faith in Christ. 

Second, remember that God for- 
gives. He does not deal with us ac- 
cording to our failures, but accord- 
ing to His mercy (Ps. 103:10). He not 
only forgives, He forgets! He said, 
". . . [I] will remember their sins no 
more" (Heb. 8:12, Niv). 

Isaiah tells us that God takes our 
sins and casts them behind his back 
(Is. 31:17). The prophet Micah says 
that God will cast all our sins into 
the depths of the sea (Mic. 7:19). 
Someone has suggested that the 
shores of this sea are lined with 
signs reading, "No Fishing." 

God doesn't pull out our past fail- 
ures and hold them over our heads. 
He releases us to move forward in 
faith. If God forgives and forgets, 
who are we to nurse the past? 

Third, remember that God heals. 
The Psalmist said, "He restores my 
soul" (Ps. 23:3). Paul knew some- 
thing of this healing power and 
urged his readers to renew their 
minds by focusing on things that are 
true, honorable, just, pure, lovely, 
gracious, excellent, and praisewor- 
thy (Phil 4:8). 

Some deeply ingrained memories 
may take time and effort to erase. 
But prayer and positive mental 
focus will prevail. Unhealthy 
memories wil flee as you join the 
Psalmist and meditate on God's 
Word day and night. 

Here in Seattle, a metal ship 
moored in the salt waters of Puget 
Sound will accumulate globs of bar- 
nacles on its hull. Periodically, the 
skipper will take his craft through 
the Government Locks into the fresh 
waters of Luke Union. The barna- 
cles die and drop off. The lightened 
ship then returns to the sea for 
further work. 

We need the fresh waters of God's 
Spirit to cleanse our minds each day. 
By bringing our cluttered, clinging 
memories to Him, we will find that 
the old passes away. New thoughts 
of His grace and goodness lighten 
our load, and we go forward in serv- 
ice for Him. [t] 

May 1988 

Let Us Be Brethren 

"For one is your Master, even Christ; 
and all ye are brethren. " 

Matthew 23:8 

The Brethren Church 

By Moderator Dale R. Stoffer 

LET ME allay any fears at the 
outset that I am following the 
lead of the German liberal, Rudolf 
Bultmann, who proposed that we 
need to demythologize the Bible by 
reinterpreting its "mythical" ele- 
ments. What I am proposing is that 
we need to dispel some popular no- 
tions about our church that have no 
basis in reality. 

The first myth 

The first of these myths is one we 
have heard off and on during the 
last 30 year: that the church is, at 
best, not growing and, at worst, 
dying. It is true that we seem to 
have cause for alarm if we look at 
our membership statistics. Member- 
ship peaked in 1955 at 18,672 and 
hit a low of 14,229 in 1984. 

What has generally not been 
known is that during this same 
period, average morning worship at- 
tendance grew from approximately 
9,000 to 11,000, a 22 percent gain. 
When compared to the 1940 figures, 
the increase is even more dramatic. 
In 1940 average worship attendance 
stood at just over 6,000. We have 
realized over an 80 percent increase 
in worship attendance since the divi- 
sion in 1939! 

We have more people worshiping 
in The Brethren Church today on 
any given Sunday than at any time 
since the division, and worship at- 
tendance continues to grow! Now I 
admit we have a legitimate concern 

about our Sunday school program; 
but let us put to rest the myth that 
the church is dying. 

For those curious as to why mem- 
bership has not reflected the in- 
crease in worship attendance, let me 
suggest two reasons. One possibility 
is that we are taking membership 
far more seriously than before. But 
as much as I would like to believe 
that, the more likely reason is that 
when apportionments became tied to 
membership figures, roll revision be- 
came quite common. We need to 
take a hard look at the meaning of 
membership to make it a more 
realistic gauge of the church's 
health. Watch for the Polity Com- 
mittee's forthcoming recommenda- 
tions in this area. 

Two more myths 

The second and third myths ironi- 
cally are two contradictory notions 
that somehow the Brethren retain 
side by side in their thinking. The 
first notion is that the polity, or 
church government, of The Brethren 
Church is congregational. Though I 
will be addressing this matter in 
greater detail in another article, we 
do not have a strictly congregational 
polity. The correct description of our 
government is that it is limited Con- 

Brethren churches have deemed 
cooperation, united vision and 
action, and fellowship so important 
that they have voluntarily banded 

together at the district and national 
levels. At both levels they have will- 
ingly accepted certain limitations to 
their rights in the areas of doctrine 
and polity (the Manual of Procedure 
and licensure and ordination proce- 
dures would be two examples). In 
these areas all Brethren churches 
should maintain unity, because they 
have voluntarily given their assent 
by their participation in the process 
that arrived at the consensus. In 
other areas, however, local churches 
do have the right to order their own 

At the opposite end of the spec- 
trum to those who overemphasize 
Congregationalism is the tendency in 
some quarters to feel that "Ashland" 
is the center of the Brethren uni- 
verse. Usually this sentiment is ex- 
pressed when people are looking for 
a scapegoat for the denomination's 
troubles — it is because "Ashland" 
isn't doing its job. (Of course, local 
churches are more than willing to 
accept all the credit when things are 
going well.) 

It is a myth to believe that The 
Brethren Church is Ashland, Ohio. 
The Brethren Church is 125 local 
congregations scattered fi-om New 
Jersey to California, Pennsylvania 
to Florida, who have banded to- 
gether at the district and national 
levels to do what they could not do 
alone. There is no Ashland and 
there is no Brethren Church without 
the unity of spirit, love, and fellow- 
ship of these 125 churches. Re- 
member that The Brethren Church 
is not a top-down structure but 
a bottom-up organization; the 
strength of the church is in strong 
local congregations. 

A final myth 

The final myth I want to dispel is 
the belief that it is not worth the ef- 
fort to change things in the church 
— they really can't be changed. 
Such belief is self-fulfilling. If we be- 
lieve it, we perpetuate it. It also 
calls into question God's ability to 

If I truly believe that God can and 
will transform people and churches 
through prayer and concerted 
action, change can occur. But if we 
want to see change and forward 
movement, we must be willing to 
pay the price to see it happen, both 
(continued on next page) 

The Brethren Evangeust 




Evaluating and Fine-Tuning Your 

Partnership in IVIinistry 

By Gene A. Geaslen, 
President, National Laymen's Organization 

The following is the third in a series of 
articles containing program suggestions 
and devotion ideas for Laymen within 
the local church. The first article 
appeared in the December EVANGELIST 
and the second in the March issue. This 
article deals with evaluation of planned 
Christian service goals within the local 

AS YOU use your gifts and tal- 
ents to minister to local needs, 
your ministry will require some ad- 
justment or fine-tuning as time 
passes. But before you can know 
what to adjust or how to fine-tune 
your ministry, you must first 
evaluate the effectiveness of the 
"partnership in ministry" you have 
developed with your local pastor. 

How do you go about evaluating 
the effectiveness of your local efforts 
at service, fellowship, or evangel- 
ism? You should first look at the re- 
sults of that ministry in light of how 
well you met the goals you estab- 
lished. Did you meet all of your goal 
or only part of it? And is your goal 
still appropriate in view of present 
needs? Sometimes if a goal is not at- 
tained, this points out that a differ- 
ent need exists on which your minis- 
try should focus. 

Work with all your heart 

Paul reminds us in Colossians 
3:23 that "Whatever you do, work at 
it with all your heart, as working for 
the Lord ..." (niv). We might have 
a goal that is both worthwhile and 
appropriate, and which is aimed at 
meeting a real need. But if we fail to 
work at it, then the goal remains 
unattained. When our ministry 
neither reverences nor exalts our 
Lord, perhaps it reflects our failure 
to work at it or a poor work attitude. 

Jeremiah warns us of the results 
of a poor work attitude. He said, "A 

May 1988 

curse on him who is lax in doing the 
Lord's work!" (Jer. 48:10, NTV). In 
short, know what your job is and 
work hard at it! 

We can further evaluate our indi- 
vidual ministries by comparing 
them with Christ's brief ministry of 
less than three years. When we ob- 
serve Christ's ministry, we see that 
in virtually every instance He deter- 
mined the present need (physical 
or spiritual), met that need, and 
brought glory to the Heavenly 
Father in the work He performed. 

An outline for our ministry 

Jesus also gave us an outline for 
ministry in the Great Commission, 
which I would like to paraphrase 
to read: "As you go about your daily 
living, you should be teaching all 
nations and baptizing them in the 
name of the Father, Son, and Holy 
Ghost." The real emphasis in this 
command is not that we are to go, 
but that we are to teach the good 
news of Christ's salvation and bap- 
tize the believers in the name of 
each person of the Trinity. We can 
teach by word of mouth, but better 
yet by what we do and how we do it. 

We can further observe that 
Christ was a good steward of both 
His talents and His time. Jesus not 
only used all His gifts in His minis- 
try, but He accomplished a miracu- 
lous amount of teaching in the three 
years of His earthly work. We 
should follow His example by using 
all the gifts we have and by making 
every moment count. 

Use this concept in your Laymen's 
meetings — use the gifts of every 
man within your group and have an 
agenda with time limits for your 
meetings. Limit the business portion 
of the meeting and allow adequate 
time for teaching, prayer, and fel- 

lowship. Plan work projects either in 
your local church or in district 
ministries, such as camp or nursing 
home. Other projects could include 
treating the ladies to a sweetheart 
banquet or a mother-daughter ban- 
quet, or having a breakfast, supper, 
or ice cream social for everyone. 

Let's get our work of upbuilding 
God's kingdom through our local 
ministry fine-tuned and growing. 
And let me remind you again to 
make some record of what you are 
doing — in the form of a short, writ- 
ten summary, along with some 
photographs if possible. Send that 
summary and the photos to secre- 
tary Bob Crowe or to the chairman 
of our Publicity Committee (Floyd 
BenshofD or to me. 

Also remember to send regular 
project offerings or public service 
offerings to our treasurer, Virgil 
Bamhart. Secretary Bob Crowe is 
compiling a new Laymen's Direc- 
tory, so please send him the names, 
addresses, and phone numbers of all 
your local Laymen by June L 

Pray, find purpose, define needs, 
discover spiritual gifts, set goals, 
work together, fine-time through 
regular evaluation, and serve as 
PARTNERS for the glory of God. [t] 

Let Us Be Brethren 

(continued from previous page) 
in the spiritual price — prayer and 
faith — and the material — time, 
meetings, opposition, consensus 
building. May we Brethren be will- 
ing to count — and pay — the cost 
involved in moving the church 
ahead according to God's call for us. 
I would pray that we Brethren 
might be willing to lay these myths 
to rest in order to develop a more 
realistic picture of who we are and of 
what God desires us to be. [t] 



National BYC: 

Alive and Well! 

National Brethren Youth Crusaders (BYC) is alive and 
well! And here's the proof . . . 

Over the last several months we've collected news reports 
from throughout the brotherhood to include in Morning Star, the 
BYC magazine. Read through these pages to discover for your- 
self the range of activities in which our young people are involved 
as they seek to live life fully in Christ. 

Bryan, Ohio 

THE Bryan BYC has been hav- 
ing a great year! The youth 
kicked off the year with a 30-mile 
bike hike and campout at Harrison 
Lake State Park. The weather 
stayed dry for their sandcastle con- 
test, but they had to enjoy their 
hobo pies in the van. It was a great 
time for "dropping their guard" 
and finding out who snores. 

In their organizational meeting 
they elected Troy Cummins as 
their president, Cory Gigax as vice- 
president, Carma Cummins as 
secretary, and Jodi Purk as treas- 

October found them performing a 
service project for the younger chil- 
dren in their church. They hosted a 
Harvest Party, complete with a 
hayride and a whipped-cream-pie 
toss, with proceeds going to World 
Relief The next day they all 
headed to Shipshewana for their 
district fall retreat. 

November and December rushed 
by as they decorated (and undeco- 
rated) the church, went caroling, 
took a shopping trip to downtown 
Toledo at Portside, and attended 
the Living Christmas Tree (100 
choir members who formed a 
Christmas tree and sang carols at 
Blackhawk Baptist Church in Fort 
Wayne, Indiana.) Of course, after 

each activity they enjoyed the fel- 
lowship of eating: chili, sundaes, 
hot chocolate, and a four-foot sub. 

They are also studying each Sim- 
day night. So far this year they 
have examined the elements neces- 
sary to a healthy Christian life: 
praying, studying, giving, serving, 
fellowshipping, witnessing, prais- 
ing. The youth have prayer 
partners within their group and 
also adults who are their prayer 

In February they celebrated 
Valentine's Day with a Sweetheart 
Banquet. Each BYC member chose 
a senior citizen "Sweetheart" to es- 
cort to the banquet. And the Bryan 
BYC anticipates a great summer, 
too, as the youth plan a service for 
their congregation and a float in 
their city's annual Jubilee parade. 
This float will be part of the 100th 
Anniversary Celebration of the 
Bryan First Brethren Church. 

— reported by Joel Stevens 

Highland (Marianna), Pa. 

THE Highland BYC started 
meeting again last fall after 
meetings were discontinued during 
the summer due to the lack of 
youth. They were quite excited 
about starting the 1987-1988 year! 
They had some fundrasiers and 
other activities during December, 
including a Rock-a-Thon on De- 
cember 8th and 9th. The BYC also 
collected aluminum cans, planned 

and produced a Christmas play, 
conducted a watch night at the 
church on December 31 from 7:30 
p.m. to midnight, and visited the 
Humbert Lane Nursing Home on 
January 19th. 

A rally they attended at Vinco 
Brethren Church was great — in- 
spiring the Highland youth to plan 
a rally, too, in November of 1988. 
— reported by Lori Ross 


The Brethren Evangeust 


Miami Valley (S. Ohio) District 



YOUTH of the Miami Valley 
District met for their fall 
rally, an ovemighter at the First 
Brethren Church in New Lebanon, 
on November 13, 1987. Yes, they 
realized it was Friday the 13th, but 
that did not stop them from having 
a FANTASTIC time in the Lord! 

The fun began around 7:30 p.m. 
with some mixers, during which 
they proceeded to make fools of 
themselves, crawling on the floor 
blowing cotton balls. 

Then they listened to Bob Dil- 
lard, pastor of the New Lebanon 
Church and a former missionary, 

talk on the New Age movement. 
The core of the New Age religious 
doctrine is that man is neither sin- 
ful nor evil, and Jesus' sacrifice on 
the cross was meaningless and 
futile. This proved to be an in- 
teresting topic. 

After listening to their speaker, 
the youth had the rest of the eve- 
ning to talk, play games, or sleep. 
Of course, no one slept. 

In the morning, scary-looking 
human-like creatures roamed the 
church building in search of mir- 
rors, bathrooms, and curling irons. 
A little later, appearing a bit more 

National BYC Project 

THE 1987-1988 National Proj- 
ect is funding prayer houses in 
India. Prayer houses are the small 
meeting places for village Chris- 
tians. As Christian missions grow 
throughout India, the need for 
these small chapels becomes great- 
er. The cost of building a new 
prayer hut is $500. Much-needed 
repair on existing chapels costs 
even less. If each youth group could 
fund one prayer house, the in- 
gathering goal of $10,000 could 
easily be reached. 
— contributed by Jenny Williams 

An Indian prayer hut built several years ago. 

Milledgeville, Illinois 

MEMBERS of the Milledgeville 
BYC have been pulling to- 
gether as they have been working 
on "their" youth room. They re- 
ceived permission to change a class- 
room into a youth room. They were 
told that they could repaint it any- 
way they wanted as long as they 
kept the paint off the ceiling and 
carpet. And that is just what they 
did (for the most part). 

After cleaning out the classroom 
"stuff," they started painting. First 
they changed the base color. Then 
plastic was placed on the floor and 
ceiling for protection, and nine of 
them went wild, splatter-painting 
the walls. It was great! 


Comments have run from "It 
looks great," "Well!" and "Why 
couldn't they help?" to "It looks 
like a New York subway." Those 
comments didn't matter. What 
matters is that it is their place in 
which to come together. 

Youth leaders — if your group 
doesn't have a place of its own, the 
challenge is to find one. Your 
group will benefit from the "owner- 
ship" of its own place. 

— reported by Eric Schave 

alive, these starving people rushed 
to the kitchen to inhale their 
breakfast before the business meet- 
ing. At the business meeting, the 
new MVBYC officers were elected. 
The results were: president — 
Karen French; secretary — Crista 
Shakelford; treasurer — Hope 
Schaffer; and district representa- 
tive — Tony Price. 

The afternoon entertainment, 
which was the highlight of the 
rally, was presented by a Christian 
rock group called Urgent Cry. This 
group's high voltage music kept 
the youth alive and awake until 
the rally ended. 

All youth present enjoyed the 
Christian fellowship and the time 
to get together to rejoice in the 

— reported by Crista Shackelford 

Vinco (Mineral Pt.), Pa. 

THE Vinco Senior Youth started 
the year by hosting a fall rally 
on November 13-14. BYC groups 
from 17 different churches at- 
tended. Several Sunday school 
classes provided the meals, and the 
whole church pitched in to help. 
The rally started with games and a 
concert on Friday night. On Satur- 
day, there were several seminars 
and another concert before the 
group left for home. 

In December, Vinco BYCers had 
a Christmas party. They also 
planned a sled-riding party, but 
the weather didn't cooperate. 

In February, they sold pizzas and 
subs, and they are planning 
another sale for this month. Also 
planned for May is a garage sale, 
and people in the church have been 
asked to donate any old "stuff' 
they don't want. In April they had 
a car wash and a bake sale. 

The Vinco youth also helped out 
the church by stuffing "News and 
Views" and by taking part in a 
"Song Fest." During the summer 
they are going to visit Busch Gar- 
dens and Williamsburg in Vir- 

— reported by Mindi Leckey 

May 1988 




Roanoke, Indiana 

IT'S hard to believe, but when 
you think about it, one of the 
things BYCers take most for 
granted is something none of them 
would mind doing without. That's 
school. School is taken for granted 
everywhere, except at Lost Creek, 
Kentucky. School supplies and 
other little things, passed over by 
most Brethren youth when count- 
ing blessings, are basic needs at 
Lost Creek. 

So when youth at Roanoke were 
pondering their next youth project. 
Riverside Christian Training 
School at Lost Creek came to mind. 
That thought was closely followed 
by . . . soup labels. You see, soup 
labels can help fill the vacancy 
where school supplies should be. So 
the Roanoke youth decided to col- 
lect soup labels for Lost Creek, and 
then planned a strategy to execute 
their plan. 

They took whip cream tubs and 
covered the lids with paper on 
which they stated their cause and 
wrote the name of the church and a 
name and number to call when the 
tub was full. Then they set out to 
find people who eat lots of soup. 
The plan took off so well that they 
sent letters to area groups in an ef- 
fort to raise even more support for 
the students at Riverside. 

Other BYC groups might be 
able to help in this cause. Give our 
brothers and sisters in Kentucky a 

hand. Collect labels and send them 
to Lost Creek. Your local W.M.S. 
group can tell you which labels are 
needed. It's not hard to be mission- 
minded; all it takes is a little 

Quite recently the Roanoke BYC 
participated in the local W.M.S.'s 
talent night. They wooed their au- 
dience with singers, tombonists, 
and actors. More than $100 for 
Ashland Theological Seminary was 
received in the offering. 

And here's a big plus for this 
group: Every member can, and 
does, recite the BYC Covenant by 
heart before every meeting. Top 
that! Some BYC Officers can't even 
do this! 

— reported by Nate Williams 

Cameron, W. Virginia 


^HIS group is involved in 
fundraiser that 

Newy Lebanon, Ohio 

ON Wednesday, November 19, 
New Lebanon Youth held a 
"Food Scavenger Hunt." After re- 
ceiving a list of foods, each item 
having its own point value, they 
spread out and attacked the small 
yet willing city of New Lebanon, 
asking residents to contribute one 
or more of the items. When the 
scores were tallied, the top team 
had over 2,000 points. The group as 
a whole brought in 25 bags of 
canned goods! After a supper of 
pizza, the Senior High BYC took 
the bags to the local organizer for 
distribution to those in need. 

Ugh! It's done! The New Lebanon 
BYC has given its youth cottage a 
"face lift." What was once a three- 
room cottage is now a one-room, 
freshly painted, youth cottage. 

The youth first painted the out- 
side white with red trim. Then 
came their biggest and best adven- 
ture, painting the inside. Each 
corner of the room is a combination 
of the school colors of the various 

schools represented in their youth 
group. So they now have a red, 
grey, white, and blue room. If this 
sounds odd, you will just have to 
come by and see for yourselves. It 
actually looks pretty good! 

— reported by Tony Price 

will last 
throughout the year. They are 
reading through the Bible during 
the year and getting sponsors to 
pay them monthly for doing so. 
They have also planned many fund- 
raisers for spring and early siun- 
mer to raise support to help mem- 
bers who plan to attend camp, con- 
ference, and a trip to an amuse- 
ment park. Last year, the youth 
group spent a day at Kennywood. 
— reported by Cameron Youth 

Bethlehem (Harrisonburg), Va. 

ON January 17, 1988, youth of 
the Bethlehem BYC held 
their third Annual Superbqwl Chili 

They tied streamers from the 
ceiling for decorations and put 
Broncos on one end and Redskins 
on the other. The W.M.S. donated 
chili and helped them out, but the 
youth did all the warming and 
serving. They even splashed some 
soup on their BYC sponsor! 

The Bethlehem BYC was invited 

by the Mt. Olive youth group for a 
Valentine's party. Together they 
played crazy games, enjoyed a deli- 
cious supper, and had lots of FUN! 
The two groups are planning to do 
some more things together, build- 
ing fellowship between the nearby 

Looking toward summer, they 
are getting ready for another fun 
year at Camp Pinnacle! (They say 
they can't wait!) And their presi- 
dent. Dawn Kidd, has been chosen 
as a Summer Crusader, and they 
are all excited for her. 

— reported by Allie Velanzon 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Flora, Indiana 

THE Flora BYC members put 
much pride and effort into 
their activities during the last sev- 
eral months. 

In December they went Christ- 
mas caroling at the homes of 
church members and at the Breth- 
ren's Home. After sharing the mes- 
sage of Christmas in song, they 
went to the church for a party. 

On a sunny Sunday in January, 
they ordered pizza and had a pizza 
party at the church. Then the real 
fun came as the youth and some of 

the adults traveled to Kokomo for a 
bowling competition. 

In the first round, the youth got 
creamed by the adults, largely be- 
cause of the extra experience of the 
adult bowlers. Therefore, in order 
to make things fairer in the second 
round, the adult bowlers spotted 
the youth 50 points. 

As it turned out, however, this 
was almost unnecessary, for the 
youth not only won this round, but 
they did so well that they almost 
didn't need the extra points they 

Gratis, Ohio 

THE Gratis BYC gave a church 
birthday party on October 18. 
This celebration was built around 
the first birthday of their newly 
reactivated youth group. 

The program began with the 
reading of a poem written in honor 
of one of the youth leaders, Coral 
Shackelford. Mrs. Shackelford was 
then presented with a gift of ap- 
preciation for all the time and 
work she has put into the youth 
group. The gift was a teddy bear, 
because she really likes bears. 

The program continued with en- 
tertainment provided by the people 
who had birthdays in each month 
of the year. People with January 
birthdays showed their idea of 
what the New York "apple" looks 
like when it drops to ring in the 
New Year. February had some 
strangely dressed people, such as a 
pair of lovebirds, Abe Lincoln, and 
George Washington. For April a 
deacon and one member of the 
BYC teamed up in their very own 
music group called the April Fools 
— wearing shower caps. 

September was an educational 
experience, as Rita Hollinger told 
her version of the story, "Jonie and 

the Whale." The audience was 
practically rolling on the floor with 
laughter when she finished. For 
October, two female youth mem- 
bers agreed to let two males at- 
tempt to makeover their faces. The 
two men did this task from under a 
sheet, performing as the girls' arms! 
— reported by Crista Shackelford 

Carmel, Indiana 

DURING the first weekend 
of February, more of the 1987 
BYC project money was put to use. 
The Carmel Church conducted a 
"phone survey" in the Carmel com- 
munity and surrounding areas. It 
was hoped that 10,000 calls could 
be made. 

A group of young people made up 
of past Summer Crusaders (Jean 
Moe, Beth Naff, Ann Flora, Jenny 
Witulski and Ryan Gordon) spent 
the weekend away from college, 
dialing phones to help the church 
meet its goal. One objective of the 
project was to create a mailing list 
of people not active in a local 
church to whom information about 
the Carmel Church could be sent. 
— reported by Ryan Gordon 


were spotted. The competition be- 
tween the youth and the "older 
folks" added much to the fun and 
excitement of the afternoon. 

A more recent event was the an- 
nual chili supper, held in Feb- 
ruary. This traditional event offers 
an opportunity not only for adults 
to fellowship with one another, but 
for youth to fellowship with the 
adults. The Flora BYC has a great 
appreciation for its close tie with 
the adults of the church. 

The Flora BYC has had a great 
year, for which its members praise 
the Lord. It is said that "CHRIS- 
and even though fun comes with 
work, the Flora youth have experi- 
enced the truth behind this state- 

— reported by Mark Calhoun 
and Lori Robertson 

The Central District 

THIS district, located in Illinois 
and Iowa, is still going strong. 
On November 7th the district youth 
held their Fall District Lock-In, 
hosted by the Milledgeville Church. 

Our God is truly awesome, and 
the Central District youth are try- 
ing to serve Him faithfully. "Awe- 
some 88," the national theme, was 
coupled with a theme of "Reunion." 
After starting with a few mixers, 
they moved to the Walleyball court 
and then turned their attention to 
pizza. The night moved on with a 
mixture of games, films, videos, 
and studies. 

The lock-in ended at 8 a.m. with 
breakfast and a time of devotion 
led by Pastor Bill Shipman. After 
clean-up they said their good-byes. 
The District is planning a spring 
retreat, when they all can get to- 
gether again. 

— reported by Steve Livengood 

Yes — the BYC is alive and well. With the support of caring advisors and 
active churches, Brethren Youth are living and growing in Christ. We continue to 
thank the adults of our church who care enough to help in this process. 

Charles Beekley, Director of Christian Education 

May 1988 



Walking in Peace 

By Jeff Weidenhamer, Secretary, Peace Committee 

MUCH has happened in my life 
this past year — I moved to 
Baton Rouge, Louisiana, finished a 
Ph.D. program, and took a new job 
at Louisiana State University, all 
the while helping Erica, my wife, 
raise three young children. As a re- 
sult, I found it difficult to keep up 
with current events. 

Two reminders 

But two things occurred this past 
week to remind me how desperate 
life remains for many in our hemi- 
sphere. The first reminder was a dis- 
cussion in Sunday school about the 
ministry of Jubilee Partners, a 
group in Georgia that has made a 
ministry of helping resettle Central 
American refugees in Canada. The 
Jubilee bus recently came through 
our community with a group of re- 
fugees, and they stopped for supper. 

The stories of these refugees are 
still horrifying, as they were five 
years ago when I first started to 
read about them. One woman told 
how she had recently fied El Sal- 
vador, following the death of her 
father. He was killed by a death 
squad because he formerly had been 
a union member. He had quit the 
union following an earlier incident 
in which he was taken into custody, 
beaten, and tortured. Because she 
had lived with her father, this 
woman also became a target and 
barely escaped alive. 

The second event was President 
Reagan's decision to send U.S. 
troops to Honduras as an expression 
of support for the Honduran govern- 
ment and as a warning to the 
Nicaraguan government, and the 
charges and countercharges of bor- 
der incursions. It is too early to tell 
how the current increase in tensions 
will end, but one thing is certain — 
it is the common people of Central 
America who will continue to suffer. 

One of Jubilee's programs is called 
Walk in Peace. It began in October 
1986 on a road to Pantasma, 
Nicaragua, with the explosion of a 
land mine beneath a truck carrying 
51 civilians. Six people were killed, 
43 were injured, and twelve people 
lost one or more limbs. These in- 
cluded Amancio Sanchez, a Pen- 
tecostal minister, his wife's 19-year- 
old sister Carmen (who lost both 
legs as well as the unborn child she 
was pregnant with at the time), and 
Sanchez's seven-year-old Elda. 

At the time Amancio Sanchez and 
his family were injured, a group 
from Jubilee was visiting Nicaragua 
on a fact-finding mission. They ar- 
ranged for the three to come back to 
the U.S., where they were able to ob- 
tain artificial limbs and begin re- 

Help for amputees 

Walk in Peace was begun to help 
the many amputees who remain in 
Nicaragua, more than 2,000 in all, 
most as a result of attacks on civil- 
ians by Contra rebel forces. The 
primary goal of the program is to 
"work with existing ministries to 
help rehabilitate every Nicaraguan 
amputee regardless of political or 
religious affiliation." Most of this 

aid is being channeled through 
CEPAD (Evangelical Conunittee for 
Aid and Development), an inter- 
denominational Christian service or- 

Even if the fighting in Nicaragua 
were to end today, the need of these 
amputees for assistance will con- 
tinue throughout their lives. Chil- 
dren need to be refitted with new 
limbs once a year. Adults also need 
replacements from time to time. A 
substantial amount of aid has gone 
toward assisting the development of 
businesses within Nicaragua that 
will be able to provide these artifi- 
cial limbs. 

So next week when you read the 
headlines about the fighting in Cen- 
tral America or the renewed debate 
in Congress about funding the Con- 
tras, you may want to remember the 
good works being done by groups of 
concerned Christians like Jubilee 
Partners. Providing artificial limbs 
for amputees may not make as much 
news as providing guns for rebels, 
but in a small way it contributes 
much to the advancement of God's 
kingdom on earth. More information 
about the Walk in Peace program 
can be obtained from Jubilee 
Partners (P.O. Box 68, Comer, GA 
30629). [t] 


The Peace Committee is pleased that the General 
Conference Executive Council has granted time for a 
Peace Film on: 

Tuesday evening of General Conference, 
August 2, at 9:00 p.m. 

A film is being selected that is suitable for family viewing, 
informative, and challenging for all. 



The Brethren Evangelist 




Entrance Added, Improvements Made 
To Church Facilities at Linwood, Md. 

Linwood, Md. — The completion of a 
new side entrance to the church build- 
ing was the climax of a number of im- 
provements made recently to the 
facilities of the Linwood Brethren 

It all started with the refurbishing 
of the bell tower. Then the exterior 
window trim and the fascia and soffit 
were painted. A coat of paint was also 
applied to the Sunday school annex, to 
two sheds, and to the three porches of 
the parsonage. 

Moving inside, a new stainless steel 
baptistry and a heating system were 
installed. And the stairway leading 
from the fellowship hall to the 
sanctuary was widened and paneled. 

Eight tables were purchased for the 
fellowship hall and two new stoves for 
the kitchen. A new cordless micro- 
phone was purchased and the sound 
system updated. Two sets of risers 
were purchased for worship and Sun- 
day school use. Two cassette recorders 
were also purchased to begin a tape 
ministry. And carpeting was pur- 
chased for three classrooms. 

Meanwhile, at the parsonage, Sun- 
day school classes were busy refinish- 
ing a powder room, the kitchen, a pan- 
try (now used to "house" a new 

Minolta copier), and the dining room. 
A stained glass window was installed 
in the living room in memory of Mrs. 
Eunice Thomas, Mrs. Keplinger's 
mother. And carpet was supplied for 
two bedrooms. 

But according to Linwood pastor 
Rev. Robert Keplinger, not all the im- 

provements have been to the physical 
facilities. The church just completed a 
week of revival/church growth serv- 
ices, led by Rev. William Kerner. And 
on Easter Sunday, five new members 
were received into the church, four by 
baptism and one by transfer. One 
member also asked to be re-baptized. 
Pastor Keplinger adds: "All of this 
has taken place because of the leading 
of the Holy Spirit and the cooperation 
of all the members of the Linwood 
Brethren Church." 

The Linwood Church building with the new entryway at the right. 

Dr. Kenneth Walther Named Dean 
Of Ashland Theological Seminary 

Ashland, Ohio — Dr. 0. Kenneth 
Walther has been named the new 
dean of Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary, effec- 
tive July 1, 
according to 
an an- 

from the 

He will 
succeed Dr. 
John Shultz, 
dean since 
1985, who 
has resigned 
from the 
position in 
order to ^''- Kenneth Walther 

spend more time teaching at the semi- 
nary and doing private counseling. 

Walther, professor of Greek and 

New Testament at ATS, has been a 
member of the seminary faculty since 
1977. In 1982 he was also named 
curator of the seminary's Robert H. 
Smith Collection of Artifacts. And he 
currently serves as chair of the Bibli- 
cal Studies Department and as a 
member of the Personal and Profes- 
sional Development Committee. 

Walther has a B.A. degree from 
Wheaton College, Wheaton, 111.; an 
M.A.T. degree from Northwestern 
University, Evanston, 111.; a B.D. de- 
gree from Northern Baptist Theologi- 
cal Seminary, Lombard, 111.; and a 
Ph.D. degree from St. Mary's College, 
The University of St. Andrews, St. An- 
drews, Scotland. 

His primary academic interests 
have included classical languages, bib- 
lical Greek, and the history, litera- 
ture, and archaeology of the Mediter- 

ranean world. He was recently ap- 
pointed to the American and British 
Committees of the International 
Greek New Testament Project and 
will be a contributor to the newly 
planned Greek text for the Gospel of 

An ordained minister of the Ameri- 
can Baptist Church, Walther spent ten 
years in the pastoral ministry serving 
two churches in that denomination, 
the First Baptist Church of Oak Park, 
111., and the Burnt Hills Baptist 
Church of Burnt Hills, New York. 

Dr. Walther and his wife, Linda, a 
language teacher at Ashland High 
School, have one child, a daughter 
Anne, in her sophomore year at Ash- 
land College. 

Prayer is not conquering God's re- 
luctance, but taking hold of his will- 
ingness — Phillip Brooks 

Understanding is the reweird of faith. 
Therefore, seek not to understand that 
thou mayest believe, but believe that 
thou mayest understand — Augustine 

May 1988 



Maurertown Brethren Church Honors 
Oldest Member on Her 22nd Birthday 

Maurertown, Va. — Members of the 
Maurertown Brethren Church re- 
cently helped the oldest member of 
their congregation — 92-year-old Mrs. 
Ruth Finks — celebrate her 22nd 

"How can this be?" you ask. Well, as 
you may have guessed, Mrs. Finks 
was born on February 29 (in 1896). 

But if you are a mathematical type, 
you may be thinking, "If she is 92, this 
should have been her 23rd birthday. 
Leap year comes every fourth year, 
and 92 divided by four equals 23." But 
1900 was not a leap year (see an en- 
cyclopedia or almanac for an explana- 
tion), so Mrs. Finks was eight years 
old before she had her first birthday. 

The celebration for Mrs. Finks was 
held Sunday, February 28, at the 
home of her daughter and son-in-law 
(Mr. and Mrs. Rodney Racey) and was 
hosted by Mrs. Finks' family. More 

Mrs. Ruth Finks — she's had a long 
life of service to the Lord, but not many 

than 60 guests attended the reception, 
and more than 115 cards were sent. In 
addition, Mrs. Finks received a tape 

from the church youth singing "Happy 
Birthday" and other songs, and flow- 
ers from the congregation. 

Mrs. Finks has been a member of 
the Maurertown Brethren Church for 
63 years. During those years she 
served in many ways — as W.M.S. 
president and treasurer, cradle roll 
superintendent, S.M.M. patroness, 
leader of Christian Endeavor, and 45 
years as a Sunday school teacher. She 
also had 19 years of perfect attendance 
at Sunday school. 

In addition to the specific respon- 
sibilities listed above, Mrs. Finks wit- 
nessed for the Lord at every opportun- 
ity and loved to visit church members 
— especially new members. She would 
take the boys in her Sunday school 
class fishing and give them a hot meal 
with homemade bread. Her church 
came first before other meetings, and 
she always set a good example for 
others. But most of all, according to 
the witness of others, she loves the 

— reported by Virginia Stultz 
and Mrs. Annie Emswiler 

Park Street Member Faith Greene Gives 
Copy of Rare Bible to College Library 

Ashland, Ohio — Park Street 
member Faith E. Greene recently pre- 
sented to the Ashland College library 
a reproduction of the New Testament 
section of the rare "Wycliffe Bible." 

The "Wycliffe Bible" is recognized 
as the first comprehensive English 

translation of the Bible. The New Tes- 
tament that Mrs. Greene gave the li- 
brary is one of a limited number of 
copies published in 1982 on the 600th 
anniversary of the orginal English 
Mrs. Greene presented the New Tes- 

Mrs. Greene looks at the Wycliffe New Testament she gave to the Ashland College 
library in memory of her father. 

tament to the college "in loving mem- 
ory of the faithfulness and commit- 
ment to the word of God of my beloved 
father, William C. Benshoff." 

"Since my father was a minister in 
The Brethren Church for more than 
40 years and a man dedicated to God 
and the Scriptures, I thought this 
Bible would be something I'd like to 
give the library in his memory," Mrs. 
Greene said. Rev. W.C. Benshoff was 
also the father of Brethren pastor (now 
retired) Rev. W. St. Clair Benshoff. 

Mrs. Greene was a librarian at the 
AC library from 1948 until 1981, 
when she retired from her position as 
head of library technical services. 
Since retiring she has continued to 
work part time as cataloguer of the 
special books collection. 

The New Testament she presented 
to the library is registered as 
"Number 33" of the 999 copies printed 
in commemoration of the 600th an- 
niversary of John Wycliffe's 1382 
translation. It reproduces in exact de- 
tail Wycliffe's manuscript edition of 
the New Testament, which is in the 
Bodleian Library in Oxford, England. 

After Wycliffe and his followers 
translated the Bible into English, sub- 
sequent copies were entirely hand- 
written for some 68 years, until the 
advent of the printing press in Europe 
in 1450. 

Let prayer be the key of the day and 
the bolt of the night. — J. P. Richter 


The Brethren Evangeust 


Summer Crusader Team "Promise" 
Reunites at Roann in February 

Roann, Ind. — The BCE Summer 
Crusader Music Team "Promise," 
which served during the summer of 
1979, held a reunion February 6 at the 
home of David and Jill Stone in 

Five of the six team members at- 
tended the reunion, along with their 
spouses (fiance in one case), and chil- 

fren. All five team members present 
— Mark Britton, Dave Stone, Jill Slee, 
Mike McCann, and Jenny (Walters) 
Taylor — attend Brethren churches in 
the Indiana District. 

Mark, pastor of the Corinth (Twelve 
Mile, Ind.) Brethren Church at the 
time, has since become pastor of the 
Bryan, Ohio, Brethren Church. Dave 

is pastor of the Roann Brethren 
Church. Jill attends the Roann 
Church, Mike attends the Bryan 
Church, and Jenny attends the North 
Manchester Brethren Church. 

Margaret (Ronk) Matthews was the 
only team member unable to attend 
the reunion. She, her husband Don, 
and their twin daughters live in Ash- 

Jill (Slabaugh) Stone, Dave's wife, 

also served as a Summer Crusader, 

but not on the music team "Promise." 

— reported by Rev. David Stone 

At left, "Promise" mem- 
bers (I. to r.) Mark Britton, 
Jill Slee, Mike McCann, 
Jenny Taylor, and David 
Stone. At right, (front row, 
I. to r.) Mary McCann, Jill 
Slee, Jenny and Amanda 
Taylor, Jill Stone, (back 
row, I. to r.) Mike and 
Joshua McCann, Kevin 
Van Duyne (Jill Slee's 
fiance), Benjamin, Mark, 
and Cathy Britton, Aaron 
and Tim Taylor, and Jon- 
athan and David Stone. 

Ashland College Choir Plans 
Concert Tour May 10 to 16 

Ashland, Ohio — The Ashland Col- 
lege Choir will present three concerts 
in Brethren churches when it makes 
its eight-day tour of Ohio, Indiana, 
and Illinois from May 10 through 16. 

The choir, which includes a number 
of Brethren Ashland College students, 
will present two concerts in the 
Lanark, 111., First Brethren Church, 
one on Saturday evening. May 14, at 
7:30, and a different concert the next 
day during the 10:30 a.m. worship 
service. The next day, Monday, May 
16, the choir will present a 7:30 p.m. 
concert at the Goshen, Ind., First 
Brethren Church. 

Other stops on the tour include 
evening concerts (all at 7:30) at the 
United Methodist Church, Vandalia, 
Ohio, on Tuesday, May 10; at the St. 
John Lutheran Church, Elwood, Ind., 
on May 11; at the First United 
Methodist Church, Olney, 111., on May 
12; and at the St. Johns United 
Methodist Church, Edwardsville, 111., 
on May 13. 

Eleven singers in the 40-voice choir 
are members of or attend The Breth- 
ren Church. They are Jenny Witulski, 
Glenn Black, Chris Sullivan, Joe 
Gilmer, Ryan Gordon, Keri Kurlinski, 
Kevin R. Moe, David Webb, La Shun 
Battle, David Steiner, and Tammy 

May 1988 

The choir's concert will include 
unaccompanied works by Byrd and 
Arkhangelsky, the Mozart Missa Bre- 
vis in d Minor, Chichester Psalms by 
Leonard Bernstein, and several folk 
songs and spirituals. The choir is 
under the direction of Dr. Jerry 
Ulrich, associate professor of music 
and director of choral activities at 
Ashland College. 

The concert will also include selec- 
tions by organist Kevin C. Jones, one 
of nine national finalists who will 
compete in Houston this June in the 
American Guild of Organists Competi- 

Conference to Seek Answers 
To nis of Troubled World 

Rifton, N.Y. — A conference entitled 
"A New Testament Church in the 21st 
Century: Searching for Answers in a 
Troubled World" will be held three 
weekends in June at three com- 
munities (Bruderhofs) of the Hutter- 
ian Brethren in New York, Connect- 
icut, and Pennsylvania. 

The conference will seek the root 
causes of the tangled problems of 
today in the context of the witness of 
the early Christian Church. Proposed 
workshops will deal with hunger, 
homelessness, and AIDS; family life 
issues; violence, crime, alcohol, and 
drugs; global, labor, and race issues; 
church unity, discipline, and forgive- 

ness; nonviolence; and the separation 
of church and state. 

The conference is being co-sponsored 
by various individuals and groups, in- 
cluding Church of the Brethren elders 
Dale Aukerman, Dale Brown, and 
Vemard Eller; David Hostetler, editor 
of Christian Living; Arthur Simon of 
Bread for the World; Brethren Peace 
Fellowship; John M. Perkins Founda- 
tion; Jubilee Partners; Mennonite 
Central Committee, U.S. Peace Sec- 
tion; and numerous others. 

Hutterian Brethren live in Chris- 
tian communities of 100-400 people. 
Each community (Bruderhof) shares 
work and property in common, prac- 
tices nonviolence and brotherly ad- 
monition, and seeks to live out 
Christ's teachings unconditionally, as 
did the early Christian churches. 

The same conference will be hosted 
separately at three U.S. Bruderhofs — 
June 10-12 at the Rifton, N.Y., 
Bruderhof; June 17-19 at the Norfolk, 
Conn., Bruderhof; and June 24-26 at 
the Farmington, Pa., Bruderhof Each 
conference will begin at 7:00 p.m. on 
Friday and conclude following a noon 
dinner and address on Sunday. 

To register or request more informa- 
tion, write Woodcrest Hutterian 
Brethren, Box C88, Rifton, NY 12471, 
or phone 914-658-3141. There is no 
registration fee, but donations are 
welcome. Participants will join 
Bruderhof host families in work, wor- 
ship, meals, and recreation. 




A visa for the Tim and Jan Sol- 
omon Family to enter Colombia to 
begin mission work was granted in 
Bogota on April 25, according to word 
received from missionary Mark Logan. 
As soon as the Solomons receive the 
visa, they will complete their prepara- 
tions for departure to Colombia. 

The David Kerner Family, new 

Brethren missionaries in Colombia, 
moved during the week of April 24-30. 
They left Bogota, where they had 
spent several months in orientation, 
acculturation, and language learning, 
and moved to Medellin, where they 
will oversee Brethren mission work in 
that city. 

Rev. Randy Best will become pas- 
tor of the Pittsburgh, Pa., First Breth- 
ren Church on May 7. Rev. Best, who 
has been out of the pastoral ministry 
for several years, served Brethren pas- 
torates between 1971 and 1978. 

Shroud Tests Will Not Impact 
Traditional Evangelical Faith 

Wheaton, 111. — Carbon-14 tests of 
the Shroud of Turin will in no way im- 
pact traditional evangelical belief 
regarding the resurrection of Jesus 
Christ, according to Arthur Climen- 
haga, chairman of the Theology Com- 
mittee of the National Association of 

The Roman Catholic Church has 
commissioned carbon-14 tests on the 
Shroud of Turin to determine its au- 
thenticity. The 14-foot strip of linen 
cloth, preserved in a monastery in 
Turin, Italy, bears the image of a 
crucified man. Some consider it to be 
the burial cloth of Jesus Christ, saying 
the image was made by a burst of 
energy during Jesus' resurrection. 

Scientists in 1978 subjected the 
cloth to a battery of tests, and a 1979 
finding of shroud imprints supposedly 
correlated to markings of coins from 
the era of Pontius Pilate. But the car- 
bon-14-age-dating process is expected 
to yield the most information, dating 

the shroud to within 50 to 100 years of 
its actual age. Scientists' results are 
expected later this year. 

"Should tests prove the Shroud of 
Tvirin comes from the time of Jesus 
Christ, the question will still be there: 
Was this actually the shroud that 
covered Christ's crucified and resur- 
rected body?" said Climenhaga, who is 
professor of theology and missions at 
Ashland Theological Semineuy. "Even 
if proof could be offered that the 
Shroud of Turin were the shroud of 
Christ, that would be no more than an 

additional artifact in the historical 
evidences of Christ's crucifixion and 
resurection — already so well at- 

"We worship the crucified, resur- 
rected Christ and venerate His name 
as our Redeemer smd Lord," said 
Climenhaga. "No matter what the 
Shroud of Turin may prove to be, it is 
no more than an interesting investiga- 
tion. The faith of evangelicals in the 
bodily resurrection of Jesus Christ is 
rooted in the historical record faith- 
fully recorded in Holy Scripture." 

Nappanee, Ind. — In what hns become an annual event, 13 men of the First Brethren 
Church of Nappanee again presented a reenactment of the Last Supper during this 
year's Easter season. As in the past, the drama was presented during the Easter Sun- 
day Sunrise service at First Brethren. But this year the men also performed the 
reenactment on Maunday Thursday at the nearby Hepton Union Church. 

Cast members for this year's drama were (I. to r.) Dale Tobias as Thaddaeus, Chad 
Tener as Andrew, Bob Crowe as Bartholomew (Nathaniel), Rich Hamsher as Philip, 
Brent Hochstetler as James — son of Alphaeus, Ken Tener as Judas Iscariot, Jim Shaw 
as Christ, Lee Holdeman as John, Rob Stump as Simon Peter, Doug Bitting as 
James— son ofZebedee, Keith Bush as Matthew, Carlisle Roose as Thomas, and David 
Deisch as Simon the Zealot. In the drama, Jim Shaw (Jesus) also sang "The Commun- 
ion Song," accompanied on the piano by Lee Holdeman (John). 

In Memory 

Verdice Dark, 85, April 6. Member of the 

Muncie First Brethren Church for 30 

years. Services by Pastor Keith Bennett. 

Lafalda Marie Kincaid Arbogast, 60, 

April 4. Member of the Oak Hill First 

Brethren Church for 47 years. Services by 

Pastor William Skeldon and Rev. Bill 


Millard C. Lemert, 89, March 26. A 

lifetime member of the Teegarden First 

Brethren Church. Services by Rev. Claude 


Mary Walton, 61, March 24. Regular at- 

tender at the Meadow Crest Brethren 

Church. Services by Pastor Ralph Gibson. 


April Thomas to Kent Reed, April 16, in 

Peru, Ind. Groom a member of the Kokomo 

First Brethren Church. 

Carla Wimmer to Jeff Lewis, February 

27, at the Meadow Crest Brethren Church; 

Pastor Ralph Gibson officiating. Groom a 

member of the Meadow Crest Brethren 



Jesse and Ethel Franklin, 50th, 
November 13, 1987. Members of the Mill- 
edgeville Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

MUledgeville: 1 by baptism 

Gretna: 2 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

Milford: 3 by baptism, 3 by transfer 

New Lebanon: 2 by baptism, 2 by transfer 


The Brethren Evangeust 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom o£ heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 


There are some things about God that we do not understand. They are a mystery to 
us. One of these mysteries is that He is a triune God — a Trinity. That means He is 
three persons in one. He is God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. How 
can one person be three? That is something hard for us to understand. 

Jesus told the people that when He went back to heaven, God would send His 
Spirit to guide them and help them. God kept this promise. He sent His Spirit to earth. 

The Holy Spirit is everywhere in the world today urging people to be sorry for their 
sins and to accept Jesus as their Savior. When a person does accept Christ, the Holy 
Spirit stays with that person. He helps that person to better understand the teachings of 
the Bible, how to truly worship God, and how to treat other people. He also warns that 
person if he or she does wrong. 
A Christian listens to the Holy Spirit. 


Word Box 

guides helps Trinity 

Father Holy Spirit Son 

The three circles at the left are one way we show 
the Trinity of God. Finish these sentences using 
words from the word box? 

1 . One circle stands for God the 

2. One circle stands for God the 

3. One circle stands for God the 

4. The Holy Spirit us and 


B. This is a shamrock leaf. Color it green. Long 
ago St. Patrick told the king of Ireland that the 
shamrock leaf reminded him of our triune 
God. It is one leaf, but it has three parts. God 
is one God, but He is three persons. 


C. The Holy Spirit is given other names. These names tell how He helps us. Find the Bible 
verses listed below in your Bible. Read them. Then draw a stem from the flower to the Bible 
verse that uses that name. You may also color the flowers. 

John 14:16 
John 15:26 

John 16:13 
John 14:26 

■ W fcM tfc fgy - Jj 

May 1988 



Available from 
The Brethren Publishing Company 

If you would like to know more about the history and doctrines of The Brethren Church, or if you want to 
share information about our church with others, the Brethren Publishing Company has several publications 
available to help you. Following is a price list with a brief description of each publication. ■ 


The Brethren Church, 15 cents each; $7.00 per hundred. 
A tract that gives a brief introduction to the history, 
lifestyle, ministry, and faith of The Brethren Church. Suit- 
able for giving to visitors or to use in visitation. (Imprint- 
ing available). 

The Brethren Church, by Albert T. Ronk, 16 pp., 10 cents 
each; 85 cents per dozen; $6.50 per hundred. 

"A brief treatise on the teachings, beliefs and practices of 
the Brethren." 

The Office and Duties of Deacons and Deaconesses, by 

John F. Locke, 30 cents a dozen; $2.00 per hundred. 

A tract prepared for new deacons and deaconesses to 
explain their position and responsibilities. 

The Message of the Brethren Ministry, by the National 
Ministerial Association, 10 cents each; $1.00 per dozen; 
$4.00 per hundred. 

The Holy Spirit at Work, by Percy C. Miller, 10 cents 
each; 85 cents a dozen; $6.50 per hundred. 

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by Alvin Sbimett 

The Grace of Self-Mastery 

SALVATION is like a burst of joy. 
This joy comes by grace through 
faith. But after that initial burst of 
joy, what then? Where do we go from 

My contention is that we have a 
serious call to the Grace of self-mas- 
tery. But therein lies the rub, for we 
Protestants are an undisciplined 
people. Thus the reason, I believe, 
for the dearth of spiritual insight 
and serious lack of moral power in 
the church. Think about it — with- 
out discipline there would have been 
no Apostle Paul, no Francis of As- 
sisi, no Bernard of Clairvaux, no 
William Law or Brother Lawrence, 
and no modern day Mother Teresa. 

The key to spiritual vitality 

The spiritual vitality of the 
church depends not upon compli- 
cated organization or creative ad- 
ministration (as much as they are 
necessary), not upon eloquent 
preaching or teaching (equally im- 
portant), but upon God-conscious, 
God-centered individuals. A few 
sprinkled within every congregation 
would make a mighty difference be- 
tween victory and defeat. 

We all talk about salvation by 
faith, but we say little about disci- 
pline. I want to be careful here, lest 
you misunderstand me, but faith is 
not a blithe "turning it all over to 
Jesus." Jesus said, "If any man will 
come after me, let him deny himself, 
and take up his cross, and follow 
me." Isn't this a serious call to self- 
mastery? Man working out, God 

working in — that is the New Testa- 
ment synthesis. 

In actuality, man working out his 
salvation alone is a pathetic specta- 
cle. We've all witnessed that, and its 
failure. It is the case of a hopelessly 
defeated moralist trying to elevate 
himself/herself by his/her own 
bootstraps. It doesn't work. The first 
step to recovery by an alcoholic is: 
"We admit we are powerless over al- 
cohol, our lives are unmanageable." 
The second step is: "We must come 
to believe that a Power greater than 
ourselves is the only way to restore 
us to sanity." 

The serious call to self-mastery is 
really a serious call to the Grace of 
self-mastery. If you suspect that I'm 
adding something to the plan of re- 
demption, namely works or self- 
reformation, you're WTong. I 
wouldn't think of tampering with 
that wonderful plan. 

I believe it was the prince of pul- 
piteers, Rev. Charles Spurgeon, who 
said, "When you pray, get on your 
knees as if all depends upon God, 
and when you arise, work as if all 
depends on man." That's the point 
I'm laboring to make. After the ini- 
tial burst of joy (salvation), we have 
a serious call to the Grace of self- 
mastery. We've got to go to work! 

Grace and free will 

The amazing thing about Grace is 
that it can be thwarted by an indi- 
vidual's free will. God chooses not to 
work in an individual who will not 
offer any disciplined cooperation. The 

result is a heartbreaking spectacle 

— and I've witnessed many. 

A few years ago I sat in the hospi- 
tal with a brokenhearted father 
whose one-year-old son was dying. 
The father refused to accept Christ 
even in that hour of trial. The son 
died that night. The father still has 
not come to the Lord. A year ago I 
sat with a mother whose son had 
just killed himself; the mother re- 
fuses to acknowledge the Lord in her 
life. I remember an alcoholic who 
said, "I'd give up my right arm to 
quit drinking!" He never did and 
died from it — without the Lord. I 
was powerless to help any of these 
people, even though I pleaded with 
them and prayed for them. 

Early in Genesis God said to Cain, 
". . . sin is crouching at your door; it 
desires to have you, but you must 
master it" (G«n. 4:7, NIV). I believe 
that God is saying that real disci- 
pline is not a vain effort to save our- 
selves, but a life-giving covenant re- 
lationship in Grace that affects us to 
the soles of our heels. For you see, 
Cain believed in God; he was not an 
agnostic. The fact is, Cain had pre- 
sented an offering to God. The differ- 
ence between Cain and Abel was not 
God-belief; they both believed. The 
difference lay in obedience to God's 
principles and the working out of 
grace in self-mastery. 

No self-discipline 

People go to worship and make of- 
ferings, but their lives — like Cain's 

— reflect the problem of self-disci- 
pline. Dozens of them have sin 
crouching at their doors! They leave 
the service as shackled as when they 
came in. They have somehow been 
betrayed by a myth that God will 
zap them with Grace and change 
them from losers to winners. But 
God hasn't chosen to work that way. 

I would think that even God grows 
weary of His people whimpering and 
needing pampering all the time. The 
failure of the church lies not with 
God or His mighty angels, but with 
His children, who squelch the joy of 
Grace by attempting to squeeze out 
of it all they can get. "I'm a Chris- 
tian; now God needs to bless me! He 
can do it; He can pull the strings 
and make me a winner." But self- 
gratification is not self-mastery. The 
Grace of self-mastery is what we 
really need. [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

June 1988 
Volume 110, Number 6 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


Phil Lersch 

John Maust 

Alvin Shifflett 

Children's Page 

Alberta Holsinger 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
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Member: Evangelical Press 

June 1988 


Why Do Pastors Leave The Brethren Church? 4 

(And What Can We Do About It?) 

A veteran Brethren pastor gives his answers to these 

New Life for Older Marriages by Doris Bristol 6 

Practical suggestions for revitalizing your relationship 
with your spouse. 

Special Section: General Conference Business Items 

The Concept of Membership in The Brethren Church 10 

Nominees for General Conference Executive Council 12 

Proposal on Changing Boards to Ministries 13 


The Salt Shaker 2 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Cartoons 5 & 9 

Let Us Be Brethren 8 

by Moderator Dale R. Staffer 

Update 16 

From the Grape Vine 22 

Children's Page 23 

by Alberta Holsinger 

Conference Business 

Included in this issue (on pages 10-14) is information about two impor- 
tant business items to be considered at General Conference in August. All 
Brethren, and especially those who plan to attend Conference, are urged to 
study this information carefully. Along with this information is the Nominat- 
ing Committee's slate of nominees for positions on the General Conference 
Executive Council (p. 12), and a General Conference Registration form for 
housing, special meals, and the children's programs (p. 15). Next month's 
Evangelist will contain a preview of the Conference program. 

Help us save postage. On page 9 there is a brief article about how the 
April postage increase has affected the Evangelist. While we can't do much 
about the increase (except pay it), you can help us save postage another way. 
Every time a copy of the Evangelist is returned to us because the recipient 
has moved, we have to pay 30 cents. So if you are changing addresses, either 
permanently or from your winter to your summer home, please let us know. 
Clip out or copy the address label from the Evangelist and send it, along 
with your new address and the date of your move, to the address at the left. 
You'll keep your Evangelist coming and help us save money as well. 

Answers to Little Crusader Page: 

A. Church. 

B. By joining the dots, you drew a church building. 

C. You should have circled the word "people." 

Why Do Pastors 
Leave The Brethren Church? 

(And What Can We Do About It?) 

ARE you concerned that The 
Brethren Church is presently 
losing pastors to other denomina- 
tions faster than our seminary is 
graduating Brethren pastors? Con- 
cerned enough to want to do some- 
thing about it? I pray that you are! 
The Brethren Church is capable of 
reversing this trend, if it chooses to 
do so. Be assured, however, that this 
situation will not correct itself But 
if our members, trusting in the Lord 
Jesus Christ, determine to do what 
is necessary to deal with the prob- 
lem, I believe the present trend will 
be reversed. 

Low salaries 

Whether or not our churches are 
willing to admit it, one reason for 
this great exodus of our pastors to 
other churches is low salaries — 
not a falling away from the faith. 
Most of the pastors who have left 
our churches have found churches in 
other denominations where they are 
better paid. 

It is easy for us to find fault with 
them for leaving The Brethren 
Church. After all, didn't we provide 
a fine seminary where they could re- 
ceive the best professional training 
for the work to which God has called 
them? How could they leave The 
Brethren Church after we did so 
much to help them? 

Well, Brethren, I find it easy to 
have sympathy for them — espe- 
cially the younger ministers. Our 
young Brethren pastors and their 
wives who still have children to 
raise are the ones who are hurting 
most. This is especially true if the 
pastor's wife is not working outside 
the home. The past half-century of 
our nation's history should be 

enough to convince us that a "full- 
time" mother is required for a fam- 
ily to be at its spiritual and moral 
best. Therefore, I believe it is terri- 
bly unjust when a church pays its 
pastor such a small salary that the 
pastor's wife is forced to leave her 
children and work outside the home. 

During the 1987 General Confer- 
ence, a veteran Brethren pastor ap- 
proached the Stewardship Committee 
and asked if he might write an article 
about Brethren pay packages. He felt 
that the article would be, at least in 
part, an answer to the question raised 
by Dr. Warren Garner in his 1986 
moderator's address about how to en- 
courage elders to continue serving in 
The Brethren Church rather than 
going to other denominations. 

The Stewardship Committee gladly 
presents his article for your considera- 
tion. In it, this longtime Brethren pas- 
tor, who prefers to remain anonymous, 
makes some painful but poignant ob- 
servations concerning our treatment of 
pastors. While all may not agree with 
his contentions, he certainly gives us 
food for thought. And his biblical 
challenge puts the ball squarely in our 
(the Brethren people's) court. 

— Rev. Reilly Smith, chairman 
General Conference Stewardship Committee 

Most Brethren pastors have spent 
at least seven years of their lives 
training for the work to which God 
has called them. Unless they have a 
very generous benefactor helping 
them, our young ministers graduate 
from seminary with an educational 
indebtedness of several thousand 
dollars. That wouldn't be an insur- 
mountable problem to a doctor, a 
lawyer, or even an educator. They 
could pay that off in a couple of 
years. But with the salary that most 

of our pastors are receiving, they 
will probably work a long time to 
pay off that debt. 

Even with all their professional 
training, pastors are supposed to be 
our poorest paid professional people, 
aren't they? Where did we ever get 
such an idea? Certainly not from the 
Word of God. The Apostle Paul ad- 
mits that he was not paid, or poorly 
paid, during most of his ministry. 
But he never indicated that he was 
in favor of ministers being poorly 
paid. To the contrary, in I Timothy 
5:17, 18, he declares "Let the elders 
that rule well be counted worthy of 
double honour, especially they 
who labour in the word and doctrine. 
For the scripture saith, Thou shalt 
not muzzle the ox that Lreadeth out 
the corn. And, the labourer is 
worthy of his reward." (Read I 
Corinthians 9:9-14 also.) 

Respected and well-paid 

The word translated honor in I 
Timothy 5:17 is taken from a Greek 
word which has two meanings: 
honor and honorarium or compensa- 
tion. There is no doubt that both 
meanings are intended here. Paul is 
implying that pastors who do their 
work well should be respected and 
paid well by the church. I'm con- 
vinced that being "respected" and 
"well-paid" go hand in hand. The re- 
spect that a church has for its pastor 
is usually reflected by the salary 
they pay him. This principle is true 
in any profession. 

Paul found it so. In II Corinthians 
12:13, Paul asks the church at 
Corinth to forgive him of "this 
wrong." The Greek word he uses for 
wrong is adikia, meaning "unright- 
eousness, wickedness, injustice." But 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"/ wonder how many of our young people who struggled with a 'caW 
to the ministry decided against that 'call' when they compared their 
pastor's salary with the salary of other professional people." 

what is this terrible wrong Paul re- 
fers to? Evidently this church had 
developed an inferiority complex be- 
cause Paul had not been "burden- 
some" to them financially. In 12:15 
Paul explains that he had not been 
"burdensome" to them because of his 
great love for them. He then com- 
plains that the more he loved them 
(by refusing to be a financial bur- 
den), the less they loved him. His 
good intentions backfired. Both Paul 
and the church would have fared 
better spiritually if he had been a fi- 
nancial burden to them. 

Pastors and other professions 

Some of you may be thinking that 
you are already paying your pastors 
very well. I doubt that any Brethren 
pastor, even the best paid, is doing 
as well financially as he would be 
doing if he had entered some other 
profession. For example, if I had en- 
tered the field of education and 
spent as many years in training as I 
spent in college and seminary, I 
would have earned a Ph.D. degree in 
education. Where I now live, if I 
worked the full year in education, I 
would be paid, including benefits, 
about $56,000 per year. And by no 
means do I live in the highest pay- 
ing school district in the U.S. 

Please keep in mind that when 
you look at salary schedules for 
teachers that they are set up for 
about nine months of work — not 
twelve. Also, these schedules usu- 

ally do not include benefits, such as 
social security, retirement, hospital 
and doctor insurance, dental insur- 
ance, etc. Therefore you must add 
the value of these benefits — about 
$5,000 to $6,000 per year — to the 
salary schedule before you compare 
it with the pastor's package, which 
already includes his benefits. 

A personal example 

Our children are now raised, so 
my wife teaches. Presently, she 
earns $9,000 more in about nine 
months than I earn in a year. She 
has about two years less education 
than I have and has taught about 
one-third the number of years that I 
have preached. Incidentally, she is 
scheduled to receive about a $2,000 
raise this September. 

I'm convinced that the vast major- 
ity of our Brethren pastors are no 
better paid than I am. I made this 
comparison between pastors' and 
teachers' salaries because I know 
about teachers' salaries. I'm certain 
that Brethren pastors' salaries 
would also compare unfavorably 
with other professional people. But 
remember, if you're going to com- 
pare "apples with apples," you must 
add all the benefits to the other pro- 
fessional salary before you compare 
it with the pastor's package. Is your 
pastor worth less to you than your 
local school teachers? If your answer 
is "no," then why do you tolerate 
your church paying him less? 

I wonder how many of our young 
people who struggled with a "call" to 
the ministry decided against that 
"call" when they compared their 
pastor's salary with the salary of 
other professional people. Oh, it's 
easy to say, "Well, if they're that in- 
terested in salary, then we're better 
off without them." But that's a cop 
out. That's simply throwing the 
whole burden of this problem onto 
the shoulders of the pastor. Wouldn't 
it be fairer to help solve the prob- 

Something that really frustrates 
me is to hear one of those young 
people, while struggling with that 
"call," confess that his parents have 
advised him to stay out of the minis- 
try. Why? Because with his God- 
given abilities, he will be able to 
earn a lot more money in some other 
profession. To such parents I present 
a better idea. Instead of directing 
these young people to a different 
work, why not pay pastors a fair sal- 
ary and thereby eliminate the temp- 
tation to direct them away from 
God's "call." 

How can we pay more? 

Some of you may be thinking, 
"How can our church afford to pay 
our pastor a salary comparable to 
what other professional people with 
his years of training and experience 
receive?" I'm glad you asked. Please 
read Malachi 3:7-10. Most of our 
(continued on next page) 

Editor's note: I 
have been saving 
this cartoon for an 
appropriate occa- 
sion. This seemed 
like an opportune 
time, for its mes- 
sage (though pre- 
sented in a 
humorous form) 
fits so well with 
the above article 
(see particularly 
the third column 
on this page). 

Pontius' Puddle 


LIKE ^Al^A. 


June 1988 

Why Do Pastors Leave? 

(continued from previous page) 
churches could increase their 
budgets tremendously if all of our 
members would bring their tithes 
and offerings to the local church. 

Much of the money that should be 
coming into our churches is being 
siphoned off by organizations that 
appear to be "good causes." Too 
often, however, these organizations 
— which know how to develop a 
strong appeal to God's people — turn 

"The respect that a church 
has for its pastor is 
usually reflected by the 
salary they pay him." 

out to be anything but "good causes." 
But because of their appeals, they 
are able to get money from our 
people while many local Brethren 
churches, pastors, and denomina- 
tional ministries are really hurting. 
It just doesn't make sense. 

If all our members would bring 
their tithes and offerings to the 
church, we could pay our pastors 
a fair salary, pay our fair share of 
the denominational ministries, take 
care of our local needs, and send the 
remainder of the money to the Mis- 
sionary Board to expand its work. 
Furthermore, our faithfulness in 
bringing our tithes and offerings to 
the Lord would enable God to open 
the windows of heaven and pour out 
those promised blessings. This could 
very well be the solution to our 
church growth problems. 

When we do our part, God always 
keeps His promises to us. Brethren, 
let's trust Him! [t] 

Your reactions to this article are wel- 
comed. Do you have something to add to 
what has been said here, or a different 
point of view to express? If so, share your 
thoughts with others through the "Read- 
ers' Forum" page (which has not ap- 
peared recently because no one has sub- 
mitted an opinion). Just make sure if you 
write that you speak the truth (as you see 
it) in love and with a desire to further the 
work of the church. Editor. 

MARRIAGES need a little inven- 
tory now and then. Have you 
ever considered giving your relation- 
ship with your spouse a periodic 
Christian check-up? 

Have you been together so long 
that you only see your partner's 
faults? Has the thrill you used to ex- 
perience from the other's presence 
become dull acceptance of your mate 
as someone who is always around. 
Have the love and kindness that 
used to make your marriage sparkle 
grown cool and allowed your mar- 
riage to become tarnished? 

Remember the Bible's admonition: 
"Be ye kind one to another, ten- 
derhearted, forgiving one another, 
even as God for Christ's sake hath 
forgiven you" (Eph. 4:32, emphasis 
added). What a pity it is to see many 
older couples snap at one another, 
make sarcastic remarks, offer un- 
kind criticism, or speak in a deroga- 
tory way to their spouse. These same 
persons may be very considerate of 
friends and strangers. 

A wife may answer: "Well, my 
husband is grouchy all the time. 
Why should I be kind to him?" 

Or a husband may remark: "She's 
sick a lot, and when she's ill she's 
cross. Why should I bend over back- 
wards to please her?" 

If a husband or wife has a health 
problem, it may be difficult for that 
person always to be cheerful. Yet we 
all know of cases in which a sick 
person has displayed a benevolent 
attitude even though suffering ex- 
Mrs. Bristol, a free-lance writer and 
former high school teacher, lives in Mesa, 
Ariz. She and her husband of more than 
50 years have three children and six 

New L 

treme pain. On the other hand, 
there are others who vent their pain 
on their spouse. If you are the one in 
poor health, which kind of person 
are you? 

But the partner caring for a sick 
mate has to work at keeping a rein 
on his or her feelings too. Again, 
kindness and forgiveness ease many 
a trying moment. 

Another kind of unkindness is 
practiced by those who take little 
retaliatory actions against their 
spouse. This may occur when one of 
the two is disappointed because that 
one didn't get his or her way or 
didn't win a point in an argument. 
But such acts of retaliation certainly 
don't promote harmony in the home. 

Action, not excuses 

It's easy to make excuses for the 
way we treat our marriage partners. 
But action, not excuses, is what's re- 
quired. If a doctor tells a patient to 
change his or her diet, take med- 
icine, or change a routine in order to 
improve his or her health, most 
people follow the doctor's advice. 

Shouldn't we do as much for our 
marriages? Shouldn't we "follow the 
doctor's orders" and put forth the 
kind of thought and discipline that 
are required to improve our sagging 
marriages? Even a very good mar- 
riage can stand a little brushing up 
— a little refurbishing, as it were — 
from time to time. 

Faultfinding in marriage is often 
due to lack of interest in other 
things or other people. There are 
many ways to relieve boredom in a 
slightly-worn marriage. 

Reach out and make more friends. 
Invite someone into your home who 
is new in your church or community. 

The Brethren Evangeust 

This traditional wedding month, when many marriages begin, is also 
an appropriate time to put new life into older marriages. Here are some prac- 
tical suggestions for doing so, shared by a woman with more than 50 years 

of experience in a successful marriage. 

e For Older Marriages 

Learn a game you've never played 
before. This can be anything from an 
active sport like golf to a sit-down 
table game. Or take a course in a 
subject you've been interested in but 
never studied. If such courses are 
not available in your community, 
try a correspondence course. Or 
perhaps you would prefer to learn to 
play a musical instrument. 

If you no longer work at a regular 
job, many kinds of volunteer ac- 
tivities are open to you: helping in a 
hospital or school; reading to the 
blind; being a foster parent or 
grandparent; helping with service 
projects of your church. 

These are just a few of the ways 
you can add new zest to your life. 
The list could go on. The main objec- 
tive is to get the focus off yourself 
and on to other activities and other 
people. Your marriage will benefit 

Plan special treats 

It's also fun to plan special treats 
for your spouse or to give little sur- 
prise gifts. These don't have to cost a 
lot. It may only be a gift of yourself 
and your time. Repair an item that 
your partner has wanted fixed for 
some time and which you have 
never gotten around to. Or invite 
your mate out for a walk around the 
block or through the woods. 

Kindness means being considerate 
of one another's comfort. This 
shouldn't be a one-way street, with 
one spouse waiting on the other all 
the time. Most happily-married 
couples learn early in life that it 
takes a good team to pull a wagon. 
So find new ways to pull together. 

In nearly every marriage, the em- 
bers of love are present, but some- 

times the fires are banked. If this is 
true, the flame needs to be rekin- 
dled. It's a known fact that babies in 
orphanages who are handled, loved, 
and cuddled by those in charge 
thrive much better than those who 
get little attention. Likewise, in 
marriage an unexpected hug or kiss 
for a neglected spouse will lift his or 
her self-esteem and set the heart 
singing again. Isn't it nice to be the 
cause of making someone happy? 

Renew your love 

Renew the love that you had for 
one another at the altar when you 
married. Do this every day. This can 
be done through a thoughtful deed, a 
meaningful touch, a tender expres- 
sion of love, or a shared prayer. A 
marriage partner never tires of 
hearing the words, "I love you." 

Think how devastated you would 
be without your spouse. Be thankful 
for the years you've had together 
and make each new day worthwhile. 
We do not know when one or the 
other will be invited to join God's 
Greener Pastures. 

If your marriage has become a lit- 
tle shoddy, you will have to work at 
improving it. Psychologists tell us 
that we reinforce our thoughts and 
behavior by repetition. It's impor- 
tant, therefore, to keep our thoughts 
and acts going in a positive direction 
instead of letting them slide along 
the path of least resistance. 

Some will say, "If you knew what 
I've been through, you wouldn't ex- 
pect me to be forgiving and kind." 
Sorry, but Christ refuted that state- 
ment. As life progresses, all of us ac- 
quire battle scars. True, some people 
receive worse scares than others. 
But even if the wounds are deep, the 

By Doris Bristol 

only way to heal them is by forgiv- 
ing the one who inflicted them and 
by erasing the hurt from our minds. 
You've made it this far. Let the 
going get better as the years go by. 

In our efforts, we must make use 
of that basic Christian tool — 
prayer. This means praying for one's 
spouse and one's self — which adds 
up to one's marriage. Christians 
know that prayer can work miracles. 
In Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice 
Portia says, ". . . we do pray for 
mercy, / And that same prayer doth 
teach us all to render / The deeds of 
mercy." And another great English 
poet stated, "More things are 
wTought by prayer / Than this world 
dreams of . . . ." We need to pray. 

When we are loving and kind and 
strive to do our best in all areas of 
our marriage, these attitudes and 
actions spill over into all aspects of 
our lives. We realize that we should 
try to maintain a well-ordered and 
pleasant home. We see the impor- 
tance of proper exercise, good eating 
habits, and of promoting good health 
for both husband and wife. We take 
an interest in keeping our appear- 
ance neat and attractive. But above 
all, we see that maintaining a good 
attitude toward our spouse is cru- 
cial. All of this works like the fairy 
tale porridge pot that boils over spil- 
ling its contents into the home and 
the community. We need that. 

A spiritual analysis of our mar- 
riages from time to time may be 
more important than the physical 
check-up we undergo. As we make 
this analysis, let us remember that 
for a happy life and a good marriage, 
"Be ye kind one to another . . . for- 
giving one another . . . ." These are 
words from the Master's Book, [t] 

June 1988 

Let Us Be Brethren 

"For one is your Master, even Christ; 
and all ye are brethren. " 

Matthew 23:8 

What Is Brethren Church Polity? 
(And Why Should I Care?) 

By Moderator Dale R. Stoffer 

THE above title asks two ques- 
tions that I want to answer in 
this article. By the end of the article, 
I hope that you also will be able to 
answer both of them. 

The word "polity" may be un- 
known to many of you. (It is one of 
those theological terms we pastors 
like to throw around to impress 
people.) Polity refers to the political 
structure or government of a body, 
in this case the church. 

Three types of polity 

Historically there have been three 
main types of church polity. In the 
episcopal form of church govern- 
ment, authority resides in the 
bishop. This is a top-down authority 
structure, found in the Methodist, 
Episcopal, and Roman Catholic 

The presbyterian system of 
church polity places primary author- 
ity in a series of representative 
bodies, which exercise that author- 
ity. Found in the Presbyterian and 
Reformed churches, this form of pol- 
ity is a hybrid of the other forms, for 
it includes both hierarchical ele- 
ments — final authority rests in the 
highest body — and congregational 
elements — lower bodies select the 
representatives for the higher. 

In congregational polity, as 
found among Baptists, Congre- 
gationalists, and many Lutheran 
groups, the local congregation is the 
seat of authority. A congregation 

may enter into cooperative affilia- 
tions, but these are voluntary in na- 

When we speak of Brethren polity, 
we need to distinguish between the 
government which unites us at the 
district and national levels, and the 
government employed in our local 
churches. The distinction was set 
forth concisely by the conference of 

It is the sense of this convention, 
that the apostolic idea of congre- 
gational church government re- 
lates alone to the incidental af- 
fairs of the local congregation and 
not to doctrinal practices and 
tenets which must be general or 
universal, the same in all congre- 
gations, the doctrinal conditions 
of membership in one congrega- 
tion the same as in every other. 

Limited Congregationalism 

Denominationally, then, our pol- 
ity is limited Congregationalism. It 
is limited in the sense that at the 
local and district levels, churches 
have willingly accepted certain limi- 
tations to their rights in the areas of 
doctrine and polity. It is congrega- 
tional in the sense that no powers 
can be assumed at the national level 
regarding local or district matters 
unless the local and district bodies 
consent to passing on the authority. 
(The same is true at the district 
level.) A recent example where a 
local and district power was trans- 

ferred to the national organization is 
the adoption of the National Ordina- 
tion Council. 

I cannot stress strongly enough 
that the ties that bind us together at 
the national and district levels are 
relational and not structural. In 
other words, no matter how effi- 
ciently we may be organized at these 
levels, the entire organization is un- 
dermined if we fail to cooperate with 
one another, love one another, re- 
spect one another. The glue that 
holds us together as districts and as 
a denomination (and as local 
churches for that matter) is the 
spiritual, relational qualities of love, 
trust, respect, forgiveness. Remove 
these qualities and you have de- 
stroyed the church at all levels. 

Let me address briefly the matter 
of local church polity. The Brethren 
Church in general has chosen to fol- 
low a congregational format in its 
local churches. I find that some 
churches seem to feel that congrega- 
tional government means that the 
entire congregation must be in- 
volved in making every decision, not 
only the major ones regarding selec- 
tion of pastor and building of facil- 
ties, but also the lesser ones of what 
color to paint the nursery and what 
Sunday school curriculum to use. 
Such radical Congregationalism be- 
comes unworkable in any but the 
smallest congregation. (Even here it 
is poor stewardship of time.) 

The most effective polity 

Some kind of representative Con- 
gregationalism, in which all but 
major decisions are entrusted to re- 
spected representatives of the con- 
gregation, is the most effective gov- 
ernmental form in local Brethren 
churches. If we have elected or 
selected as our leaders people in 
whom we have discerned special 
spiritual gifts, we should show them 
the respect they deserve by trusting 
that their decisions are being made 
for the glory of God and the edifying 
of His people. 

Why should we care about polity? 
I trust that you can answer that 
question now. But if you need help: 
Polity is important because it is the 
agreed-upon means by which we re- 
late to one another in the church. 
We as Brethren have chosen not to 
be independent of one another and 
(continued on next page) 

The Brethren Evangeust 

not to do our own thing because we 
believe that the church is larger 
than just the local congregation. But 
we also have avoided a hierarchical 
approach, believing that the total 
body should seek consensus on major 

Let us remember, however, that 
our form of polity is effective only to 
the extent that we relate to one an- 
other with love, respect, and trust. 
Let us be Brethren by being broth- 
ers and sisters in our church business 
as well as in our worship. [t] 

Recent Postage Increases 
Affect the Evangelist Too 

The increase in postage rates that 
went into effect in April affected not 
only how much it costs to mail a let- 
ter, but also how much it costs to 
send The Brethren Evangelist. In 
fact, the 13.6 percent increase in the 
first class rate is small compared 
with the 38.5 percent increase on 
the Evangelist. 

Our monthly postage bill to mail 
the magazine is now approximately 
$100 more than it was before April 
3. That figures out to about three 
cents more per copy (nearly the 
same amount of increase as for first 
class, but a much higher percentage 
of increase, since the average rate 
went from 7.2 cents per copy to 
around ten cents per copy). 

Since we didn't know this increase 
was coming, our postage bill for 
mailing the Evangelist this year 
will be around $900 more than 
budgeted (two of the 11 issues were 
already mailed before the increase 
went into effect). Next year we will 
need to take these increased postage 
costs into consideration, which 
means an increase in subscription 
rates seems likely. 

General Conference Equipping Workshops for 
Revival Services and Outreach Ministries 

Sponsored by the General Conference Evangelism Committee 

Searching for good material to fielp strengtfien your upcoming revival 
service or to foster creative outreach strategies in your local congregation? 
The General Conference Evangelism Committee has done the groundwork 
for you! Described below are two excellent workshops and related re- 
sources which will be available during the Tuesday and Thursday work- 
shop sessions (2:00-3:15 p.m.) at the 1988 Brethren Church National Con- 


(Part 1 — Tuesday; Part 2 — Thursday) 

Based upon careful research and practical methodology seasoned by 
five decades of pastoral ministry, the material for this workshop was selec- 
tively gleaned from Dr. J. Ray Klingensmith's seminary thesis by the work- 
shop facilitators Keith Hensley and James F. Black. 

Part one will provide solid biblical insights into the role, function, and 
office of the evangelist. Part two will furnish the "hands-on practical appli- 
cations" for planning, preparing, and preserving evangelistic and revival 
services in the local church. Parts one and two are combined in a paper- 
back book which will be available in limited edition (100 copies at $2.00 per 
copy) for workshop participants or interested conference attenders. 

For those who wish they had some written guidelines for improving 
their evangelistic services and expanding the impact they have on a church 
and community, this workshop is a must! 


(Part 1 — Tuesday; Part 2 — Thursday) 

How are you responding to the physical, emotional, and spiritual 
needs of the bereaved, deaf, divorced, sight impaired, sexually abused, 
suicide-survivor-victims, international students, unchurched youth, and 
those limited by age or a physical handicap who require practical assist- 
ance in your community? 

This workshop, facilitated by Mike Gleason and Doris Shultz, will pro- 
vide you with the practical insights you need for developing outreach minis- 
tries to serve the various need groups represented in your community. Part 
one will provide biblical insights accompanied by a useful "step by step" 
manual ($1 .00 per copy), which details the process of developing outreach 
through support groups. Part two will provide workshop attenders with the 
opportunity to meet with many of the lay leaders who help to facilitate the 
various outreach ministries of the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church, 
who will respond to specific "how to" questions. 

Pontius' Puddle 

rr!S f\ RARE FRWlLt&E TO 5TA\ViP 



516U , P<T LEAST IT'S 

June 1988 

General Conference Business Items 

The Polity Committee will present two major items of business at the 1988 General Confer- 
ence — one on membership and a second on changing boards to ministries. Both items are being 
presented on this and the following pages of the Evangelist. The Polity Committee asks that 
everyone, but especially those planning to attend General Conference, study both proposals care- 
fully. If you have any questions or comments, please forward them to any member of the commit- 
tee. We desire to have any concerns answered before Conference in order to be good stewards of 
the use of Conference time. 

— The Polity Committee: Gerald Barr, chairman; St. Clair Benshoff, Jerry Flora, Dale Stoffer, 
Ronald W. Waters 

The Concept of Membership 
In The Brethren Church 

From the General Conference Polity Committee 

AMONG Moderator Warren 
Garner's recommendations to 
the 1987 General Conference was 
the request for a study of the defini- 
tion of membership. The General 
Conference Executive Council was 
empowered by Conference to select a 
committee to study the question and 
therefore referred it to the Polity 
Committee. This report represents 
the committee's conclusions regard- 
ing membership in The Brethren 

We realize that local churches do 
have the right to define membership 
as they wish. But it is also realized 
that we need some agreed-upon defi- 
nition at the national level to make 
membership a more accurate statis- 
tic for gauging the strength of the 
church and determining apportion- 
ments (if membership is a factor in 
apportionments). Likewise, if we 
have consensus on the meaning of 
membership, churches will tend to 
gravitate toward this understanding 
rather than drifting in many differ- 
ent directions. 

What is membership? 

Church membership, as practiced 
by most denominations, is a logical 
and, we believe, correct inference 
from the concept of the church de- 
veloped by Paul. His use of the 
"body" imagery (or, more specifi- 
cally, the body of Christ) as a picture 


of how the church should function 
(see Rom. 12:3-8; I Cor. 12:1-31; 
Eph. 4:1-16) likens believers to 
"members" of a physical body who 
act in concert for the glory of God 
and the edifying of the body itself 

Paul makes an assumption in 
these passages that American Chris- 
tianity fails at times to appreciate. 
Commitment to Christ includes com- 
mitment to His body, the church. 
The church here is not to be under- 
stood in an invisible or spiritual 
sense, but in the concrete sense of a 
local body of believers. Note in this 
regard I Corinthians 12:13, in which 
Paul indicates that the baptism by 
the Spirit which is the foundation 
for our salvation incorporates us 
into the body of Christ. As Paul 
shows in the following context, he 
understands this body in very con- 
crete terms. 

Paul suggests therefore that two 
commitments are expected of every 
Christian: commitment to Christ, 
which is the basis of our salvation, 
and commitment to a body, which is 
the means to our sanctification or 
growth in the Christian life. Though 
for purposes of definition, it is im- 
portant to distinguish these two 
commitments, they actually should 
be thought of as a unit. Commit- 
ment to Jesus Christ as Lord and 
Savior should always lead us to com- 
mitment to His body as represented 

in a local body of believers. (We dis- 
tort this biblical truth when, in our 
presentation of the gospel, we fail to 
teach the new believer about the 
necessity — not for salvation but for 
Christian growth — of involvement 
in a local church.) The first commit- 
ment looks forward to the second as 
its practical fulfillment; the second 
looks back to the first as its presup- 

What are the requirements 
for church membership? 

In order to become a member of a 
local Brethren congregation, a per- 
son should fulfill several require- 
ments. First, the person must have 
made a commitment of faith to Jesus 
Christ as Lord and Savior. Second, 
the prospective member should have 
been baptized by trine immersion, or 
in the case of an individual baptized 
in another denomination, by any 
form of believers' immersion. Third, 
the person must be willing to recog- 
nize Christ's lordship in all areas 
(failure here will inevitably lead to 
disruptions in the body). Member- 
ship should therefore include a com- 
mitment to regular participation in 
church services, proportional giving 
of one's resources, and living a life 
worthy of the Christian calling (full- 
er descriptions of these commit- 
ments can be found in A Centennial 
Statement, pages 7 and 8). Fourth, 

The Brethren Evangelist 

General Conference Business Items 

since local bodies as well as denomi- 
nations have a right to order their 
lives within the limits of Christian 
freedom, the prospective member 
should be willing to accept the order 
of faith agreed upon by these bodies. 
Fifth, because this is commitment to 
a body and not an institution, there 
should be a commitment to the other 
believers in the fellowship with the 
goal of mutual growth through en- 
couragement, love, prayer, and cor- 
rection. Sixth, the person should un- 
derstand that failure to live up to 
these commitments will necessitate 
the loving admonition of the church 
with the posssibility of disfellow- 
shipping if a member fails to heed 
such admonition. If these require- 
ments were carried through consis- 
tently, there should be only one type 
of membership, active membership. 

Membership, discipline, and 

One of the elements that caused 
the Brethren to break from both the 
established churches and Radical 
Pietists in Germany was the lack of 
discipline in these groups. What 
Franklin Littell has said with re- 
gard to the Free Churches is cer- 
tainly apropos to the Brethren 
today: "That the Free Churches, 
whose original complaint against 
the establishments was precisely 
that they practiced no true Chris- 
tian discipline, should have suc- 
cumbed to such a degree is a scandal 
twice compounded." Our concept of 
membership must include the di- 
mension of discipline; otherwise we 
are being neither biblical nor Breth- 
ren. All too often the development of 
an inactive membership is a "pain- 
less" way of dealing with members 
who have gone back on their mem- 
bership vows, while roll revision, 
without confronting lapsed members 
before their names are taken off 
the roles, amounts to "passive disci- 

Ideally there should be only one 
type of membership, active member- 
ship. When you think about it, inac- 
tive membership is a contradiction 
in terms. If the church is like a body, 
how many "bodies" do we see with 
inactive hands, feet, eyes, etc.? They 
are either comatose or dead. 

There are at least two forms of 
discipline which fit very easily into 

June 1988 

Brethren practice. One is the cov- 
enant renewal approach in which all 
members renew their membership 
commitments yearly. Those not re- 
newing their vows are dropped from 
membership, though such people 
should be visited by the pastor or 
deacon prior to removal from the 
membership role in order to ascer- 
tain the reasons for failure to renew. 

A second form of discipline is the 
traditional yearly deacon visit. 
Every member of the church is vis- 
ited by a deacon once a year to make 
sure the member is still being faith- 
ful to his membership covenant. If 
more Brethren churches developed 
such a practice, it would not only 
lead to a stronger, more committed 
church body, but it would probably 
also lead to a renewal among the 
deacons and deaconesses of many 

As intimated above, it should be a 
set policy in the church that no one 
should be removed from the mem- 
bership roles without a visit by the 
pastor and/or deacon. This procedure 
could have several positive results. 
It could lead to a restoration of more 
lapsed members. It could acquaint 
the pastor with problems in the 
church which need to be addressed. 
It certainly would deepen the 
spiritual life of the congregation if 
people knew the pastor and deacons 
were taking the membership vows of 
their people seriously. 

Basis for national apportionment 

It is our conviction that national 
apportionments should be based par- 
tially on membership. One of the 
reasons churches began to take a 
serious look at their membership 
rolls was because apportionments 
became linked to membership. We 
may cringe at the thought that fi- 
nances are the goad to taking mem- 
bership seriously, but the alterna- 
tive, going back to the status quo 
with its undisciplined membership, 
certainly is worse. For consistency, 
however, it would seem best to have 
all apportionments based on one fac- 
tor. This should not be membership 
alone because of the continuing dis- 
crepancy in the way churches define 
membership. The Church Growth 
Index, the sum of membership, aver- 
age Sunday school attendance, and 
average worship attendance divided 

by three, seems the best factor. If a 
switch is made to the Church 
Growth Index as the basis for all ap- 
portionments, the actual revenues 
generated should be the same as 
under the former method — what is 
referred to as "revenue neutral." 

Membership as it relates to 
General Conference statistics 

Each local church has the right to 
define what constitutes membership 
in that church, subject to the restric- 
tions provided in the Manual of Pro- 
cedure and based on a biblical un- 
derstanding of what it means to be a 
part of the body of Christ. However, 
it is important that local churches 
use a uniform method of reporting 
numbers to the General Conference. 

The standard for reporting an in- 
dividual as a member of the local 
church for General Conference pur- 
poses shall be as follows; 

— regular participation in church 

— faithful stewardship of one's re- 
sources: time and abilities, as 
well as money; 

— lifestyle worthy of the Christian 

The membership roll should be re- 
viewed annually to ascertain the 
standing of each member. This re- 
view process should not be viewed 
solely in the formal sense of revising 
the roll for statistical purposes, but 
should even more be seen as an op- 
portunity to draw back into active 
fellowship all those who have lapsed 
in their commitments to the Lord 
and the church. We strongly urge 
that no one be removed from mem- 
bership in the church without first 
being contacted by the pastor and/or 
deacons of the church. 

We recommend against establish- 
ing legalistic standards for member- 
ship. Rather, we encourage each 
church to take into account indi- 
vidual circumstances. It is far better 
to be inclusive when the spirit is 
right than exclusive when the stand- 
ard is not met. To declare an indi- 
vidual out of good standing with the 
church is, in a sense, to say that that 
person is out of good standing with 
the Lord. 

Rather than discarding the names 
of those who are not in good stand- 
ing and who have not affiliated with 
another church, churches should 


General Conference Business Items 

maintain a list of former members, 
including their address, year bap- 
tized, year became a member of the 
church, and year removed from 
membership in the church. We also 
suggest that the church maintain 
regular contact with these former 
members when possible through the 
church newsletter, annual visit by 
the deacons or others charged with 
spiritual care of the congregation, 
or any other means for maintaining 
the relationship. The goal should al- 
ways be to restore a brother or sister 
to fellowship with Christ and His 
church (James 5:19-20). 

We urge that local practices re- 
flect as much as possible the defini- 
tion of member recognized at the na- 
tional level. 

Membership Promises 

(This IS a suggested format for re- 
ceiving, new members based on the 
above report.) 

In The Brethren Church, candi- 
dates for church membership pre- 
sent themselves before the gathered 
body of Christ to make public com- 
mitments to their fellow church 
members (much as we make a public 
profession of faith in Jesus Christ) 
and to receive commitments in re- 
turn. These promises are solemn vows 
made before God to one another. They 
are not to be taken lightly by either 
the new member or by the present 
members of the congregation. 

Candidates for membership are 
asked to listen to each question care- 
fully, and, if in agreement, to an- 
swer, "I do" or "I will": 

In presenting yourselves for mem- 
bership in this congregation: 

1 . Do you renew your profession of 
faith in Jesus Christ as your saving 
Lord and will you live from this time 
forward in loving and faithful obedi- 
ence to His Word? (I do.) 

2. Do you understand and accept 
the faith and practice of this church? 
(I do.) 

3. Will you continue in your own 
spiritual growth and encourage the 
growth of others though your regu- 
lar participation in services of wor- 
ship, study, and fellowship offered 
by this church? (I will.) 

4. Will you support the ministry 
of the Lord Jesus Christ through 
this church by giving of your time 
and money in the way the Bible 
teaches, and by using the abilities 
and spiritual gifts God has given 
you? (I will.) 

5. Will you pray regularly for the 
life and ministry of this church, for 
its pastor, its leaders, and your fel- 
low members? (I will.) 

6. Will you seek to live in har- 
mony with your fellow members of 
this church; will you support them 
with your prayers and your encour- 
agement; and will you, in a spirit of 
love and submission, both give coun- 
sel to and receive counsel from your 

brothers and sisters in Christ? (I 

Members of the church are then 
asked to stand and make these com- 
mitments to the new members: 

1. Do you, the members of the 
Church, renew your com- 
mitment to Jesus Christ as your sav- 
ing Lord, and do you renew your 
commitments to one another as 
members of this church? If so, an- 
swer, "We do." 

2. Do you enter into solemn cov- 
enant with these persons being re- 
ceived into church membership, and 
do you promise them your love, your 
help, your encouragement, your 
counsel, and your prayers? If so, an- 
swer, "We do, by the grace of God." 

The pastor then extends "the right 
hand of fellowship" — a handshake 
— and welcomes each person into 
the membership of the church. It is 
appropriate to also give a word of in- 
troduction of each new member to 
the church as a whole and to invite 
all church members to welcome each 
one into membership following com- 
pletion of the service. 

Notes on the response to the report: 

1. This report was submitted to the 
General Conference Executive Council 
where it was recommended for adoption 
by General Conference. 

2. The Polity Committee presented the 
report at Pastors' Conference. Though 
some concerns were expressed, it re- 
ceived generally favorable comments. 

Nominees for General 
Conference Executive Council 

The General Conference Nominat- 
mg Committee has prepared the fol- 
lowing slate of nominees for positions 
on the General Conference Executive 
Council. The committee may add other 
names before Conference. 
For Moderator-Elect 

Rev. Gerald Barr. Brethren pastor 
since 1972 and currently pastoring the 
Sarver, Pa., Brethren Church. Served 
as the 1985-86 moderator of the 
Pennsylvania District Conference, as 
secretary-treasurer of the National 
Brethren Ministerial Association from 
1978 to the present, and on the Gen- 
eral Conference polity committee from 
1978 to the present. 

Dr. Mary Ellen Drushal, associate 
professor of Christian education at 
Ashland Theological Seminary. 
Member of Park Street Brethren 

Church where she serves on the Chris- 
tian Education Ministry and has 
taught Sunday school classes to vari- 
ous age groups. Current member of 
the National Board of Christian Edu- 

For Plains Representative 
(Indiana and Central Districts) 

Rev. Mark Baker, minister of music 
for the Elkhart, Ind., First Brethren 
Church and manager of the Bethel 
Bookstore in Elkhart. Former church 
planter/pastor of the Carmel, Ind., 
Brethren Church. Current member of 
the National Board of Christian Edu- 
cation, the Ministerial Recruitment 
Committee, and chairman of the Con- 
ference Worship Committee. 
For Member at Large 

Mrs. Helen Garner, retired elemen- 
tary teacher. Member and deaconess 

at the North Manchester, Ind., First 
Brethren Church, where she is active 
in W.M.S., choir, and the Education 
Committee. Member of the Indiana 
District Ministry of Education. 

Mrs. Alberta Hoi singer, retired 
elementary and reading teacher. 
Member of the Park Street Brethren 
Church. Has served at all levels of the 
Sunday school and on many local 
church boards and committees. Con- 
ducts teacher training seminars, is a 
current member of the Ohio District 
Board of Christian Education, and 
prepares the "Little Crusader" page 
for the Evangelist. 

Mrs. Doris Shultz, member of the 
Park Street Brethren Church, where 
she chairs the Worship Ministry, is a 
member of the Board of Administra- 
tion, is a part of the Bereavement Core 
Group, and sings in the choir. At the 
denominational level she is a member 
of the Benevolent Board and the Con- 
ference Evangelism Committee. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

General Conference Business Items 

Proposal on 
Changing Boards to Ministries 

From the General Conference Polity Committee 

THE first of Moderator Warren 
Garner's recommendations last 
year was that "The Brethren Church 
develop a program that will increase 
togetherness in operation, belief, 
and accountability at local, district, 
and national levels." The Polity 
Committee was charged with mak- 
ing suggestions and proposals that 
would accomplish this broad-rang- 
ing recommendation. 

One idea that came up as the com- 
mittee discussed proposals that the 
Publishing Company was consider- 
ing was the concept of having boards 
consider becoming ministries within 
the structure of General Conference 
itself. Presently the boards are semi- 
independent, setting their own pol- 
icy, selecting their own personnel, 
having their own budgets and doing 
their own bookkeeping, owning their 
own computers, having their own 
shares of the copier and phone sys- 

Under this proposal, the work of 
the boards would come under Gen- 
eral Conference with the oversight 
being done by the General Confer- 
ence Executive Council (GCEC). 
Each of the ministry executives 
would have representation on 

What would be the differences be- 
tween these two structures? 

First and foremost, the executives 
would not face the difficult situation 
of serving two masters — their 
board and The Brethren Church 
through General Conference and 
GCEC. Inevitably, the executives 
must give greater allegiance to their 
board because the board sets the pol- 
icy and has the power of the purse 
and of selecting personnel. Because 
of the structure, therefore, coopera- 
tion among the boards and with 
GCEC is discretionary. To the credit 
of the present executives, they have 
sought cooperation, but independent 
minded executives could do their 

June 1988 

own thing if they wished. By having 
all executives as employees of the 
Conference, the structure would 
facilitate greater cooperation, 
clearer direction, and increased ac- 
countability. (It may legitimately be 
asked whether the Missionary Board 
should not retain its present status 
as a board. Because of the size and 
complexity of the program it ad- 
ministers, as well as the size of its 
budget — it equals all other pro- 
grams at the national level com- 
bined — the transferal of its work to 
GCEC might well be overwhelming 
to GCEC). 

Second, boards would not have 
the somewhat schizophrenic tension 
as to whether they are governing 
boards or boards charged with carry- 
ing out ministry. In the new struc- 
ture, the work of the present boards 
would come under ministries of the 
church (such as Christian Educa- 
tion, Benevolences, etc.), and com- 
missions within these ministries 
would do the work of the ministries 
under the direction of the executive 
of the ministry. (For example, the 
Christian Education Ministry might 
have commissions for youth, Sunday 
school curriculum, teacher training, 
etc). The proposed Director of Breth- 
ren Church Ministries (we are 
suggesting this title in place of 
Director of Denominational Minis- 
tries) could also help to coordinate 
the work of some of these commis- 
sions if desired (he could handle all 
gifts to World Relief, for example). 
The GCEC would serve as the gov- 
erning board for all ministries, set- 
ting policies, selecting personnel, es- 
tablishing and reviewing budgets. 

Third, there would be time, cost, 
and personnel savings in this struc- 
ture. Time would be saved because 
there would not be a need to keep 
track of the use of the copier or of 
the phone system, bookkeeping 
could be centralized, and there could 

be more of a pooling of secretaries. 
There should be cost savings be- 
cause there would not be as much 
duplication of services as under the 
present board structure. Personnel 
would be freed up by reducing some 
of the tedious record keeping of the 
secretaries and by allowing present 
board members to divert their ener- 
gies into ministry rather than ad- 
ministration plus ministry. In addi- 
tion. General Conference can choose 
the ten people who are most gifted 
in the areas of administration and 
vision for the church rather than 
needing to spread such people over 
42 board positions. 

Fourth, the church could easily 
move to a unified financial program 
along the lines suggested by Reilly 
Smith in the December Evangelist. 
There is wisdom in having both 
World Relief and Missions on a faith 
giving approach, however. This ar- 
rangement would remove the need 
for each board to do its own fund- 
raising and would help to lessen the 
spirit of competition that sometimes 
exists among the boards. It also al- 
lows the church to move to stand- 
ardized accounting procedures and 
will even out the cash flow for the 
ministries of the church (boards 
which relied heavily on income from 
the promotion from their special 
month will appreciate this). The 
"pie" would be cut up exactly as it is 
now among the boards and institu- 
tions with the only exception being 
that extra funds would need to be 
generated for the proposed Director 
of Brethren Church Ministries and 
the expanded Director of Pastoral 
Ministries office. 

Fifth, this proposal can have a 
number of very positive results. It 
can free up the executives and com- 
missions to do what they do best. It 
can lead to greater unity, coopera- 
tion, and shared visions. It has the 
potential for aiding the church to 


General Conference Business Items 

move forward deliberately according 
to where we feel the Lord is leading 
the entire denomination. 

It should be emphasized that there 
is no need for a change in present 
personnel at the national office, 
though their job descriptions would, 
no doubt, be readjusted. It also needs 
to be pointed out that there should 
be no diminishing in the efficiency 
of any board. If anything, the work 
of the present boards should be 
even more efficient in this ministry- 
commission structure. Each board 
should feel free to decide its own 
course with regard to the proposal. 
The proposal does not stand or fall if 
one or two boards would choose not 
to reorganize along the suggested 
lines. But each board should weigh 
out carefully the advantages to its 
own board and to The Brethren 
Church represented by this proposal 
in making its decision. 

Notes with regard to GCEC: 

1. It would become necessary, if 
this proposal is adopted, for GCEC 
to develop an Executive Committee, 
much like those of our larger boards. 
This Executive Committee would 
have all the powers of the Council 
itself. This Executive Committee 
might consist of the Moderator, 
Moderator Elect, Past Moderator, 
the Director of Brethren Church 
Ministries, and one or two members 
chosen by the GCEC. 

2. GCEC in all likelihood would 
have to meet for a longer period of 
time than it does now (this could 
mean more meetings or, preferably, 
a longer period for meeting each 
time the Council came together). 




General Conference 
Executive Council 





Ashland College 
and Seminary 



In the present structure, boards are semi-independent, directly answerable to General Confer- 
ence, with only associational ties to the General Conference Executive Council. 

Notes with regard to commissions: 

1. The present board members 
would logically compose the commis- 
sions within the new ministries. 
Each board could, together with guid- 
ance from GCEC, reorganize itself 
into such commissions based upon 
the interests of the members and the 
needs of the church. GCEC should 
ultimately have the authority to es- 
tablish commissions and determine 
the sizes of these commissions. 

2. Members of the commissions 
would be elected by General Confer- 
ence from a slate of nominees 
selected by the Ministry Executive 
and the Director of Brethren Church 
Ministries and approved by GCEC. 
This procedure would not differ 
greatly from present board practice. 

3. The executives of the various 
ministries would oversee the work of 
the commissions composing their 
own ministries. 



General Conference 
Executive Council 

In the proposed structure, several of the boards would become ministries within the Executive 
Council, with commissions carrying out the various responsibilities of these ministries. 

Notes with regard to imple- 

1. If most of the boards would 
approve this proposal, its features 
could be phased in over a year's 
period from the 1988 to the 1989 

2. It would be advantageous to 
begin the unified financial program 
by April 1, 1989 (depending espe- 
cially on when the Director of Breth- 
ren Church Ministries can be hired). 

3. The phasing in of the Director 
of Brethren Church Ministries is a 
crucial part of this proposal, so the 
transition would be smoother if this 
person were selected by early 1989. 

4. It needs to be understood that it 
may take at least two years to work 
through all the implications of this 
restructuring at the denominational 
level. Everyone needs to have pa- 
tience and a willing spirit to bring 
the proposal to fruition. 

Notes on the response to the 
Polity Committee proposal: 

1. This proposal has been pre- 
sented to all the denominational 
boards or their representatives. All 
the boards have been favorable to 
the concept, though the Missionary 
Board has decided not to become in- 
volved in the restructuring itself due 
to the reasons cited above. 

2. GCEC has gone on record as ap- 
proving the concept in principle and 
recommending its adoption. 

3. The Polity Committee also 
shared the proposal at Pastors' Con- 
ference, where it received favorable 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Registration for: 
"Let Us Be Brethren" 


Address . 

City/State/Zip . 

1988 General Conference 

IVIonday, August 1 thru 
Friday, August 5 

Please reserve only one room per form. YOUTH are to 
register through the Board of Christian Education If staying 
In YOUTH DORMS. If staying with adults, use this form. 
NOTE: Registration with prepayment by July 22 results in 
lower costs. 

HOUSING: Ashland College 

Dormitory: Amstutz Kem 

Floor: Women's Restroom IVIen's . 

Room type: Single Double 


Nights staying: S M T W_ 

Th F 

Other preferences: 


f repaiQ oy 
July 22 











No. Nights X Rate/Night 

'Parents may bring cots, cribs, or sleeping 
bags for children In triples. 

Key deposits: $10.00/key. At least one key 
per room needed. 

No. Keys x $10.00 

Total Housing Enclosed 

CAMPING: Ashland Fairgrounds 
Water and electric hookups, restrooms, 
no showers. $5.00/night. Pay on arrival. 

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Tues. — BCE Luncheon 
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Wed. — Ministers' Wives Continental Bkft. 
Thur. — WMS Luncheon (women, BYC girls) 
— NLO Picnic (men, pastors, BYC boys) 
Thur. Eve. — MBBC Missions Banquet 

No. Tickets 













Total Meals Enclosed 

'Ordering tickets for Mon.-Wed. meals a must, due to early deadlines. Tickets ordered after July 22 
subject to availability. No meal refunds after July 22. 


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Tuesday-Thursday — 8:45 a.m. to 5:15 p.m.; 

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Friday — 8:45 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. 

— A minimum enrollment of 12 in each program Is needed to 
provide this service. 

— No refunds for children's programs can be given after July 22 
unless minimum enrollment is not met. 

Children (3 years thru 2nd grade; completed) 
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New Lebanon Honors Treasurer 
For Thirty Years of Service 

New Lebanon, Ohio — Members of 
the Brethren Church of New Lebanon 
celebrated Sunday, March 20, as "Jim 
Eck Day" to honor their church treas- 
urer for his 30 years of faithful service 
to the congregation. 

The celebration got under way dur- 
ing the morning worship service when 
former treasurer Helen Bowser and 
moderator Roger Shellabarger an- 
nounced the special day to a surprised 
and speechless Mr. Eck. A steward- 
ship emphasis continued throughout 
the service, including the morning ser- 
mon by Pastor Robert Dillard, which 
was entitled "Four Biblical Principles 
on Money" (based on Matthew 25). 

Following the worship service, 
church members as well as many 
other friends joined in honoring Treas- 
urer Eck and Wanda, his wife of 40 
years, at one of the largest carry-in- 
dinners in recent years. After the 
meal, Charles Wiltrout, current 
member and former assistant pastor 

at New Lebanon, led in a "roast" of 
the long-time treasurer. 

During the 30 years that Eck has 
served as treasurer at New Lebanon, 
his responsibilities have increased 
considerably due to the growth of the 
church and to the addition of 
staff in the 1970's and 80's. 
Over the years the budget has 
increased from $16,000 to 
$143,095. In addition, during 
the 1960's a Sunday school 
wing was built and the origi- 
nal building was remodeled, 
giving Eck the additional re- 
sponsibility of caring for the 
building funds. 

As treasurer, Eck has con- 
sistently spoken in favor of in- 
creased giving to missions, 
seeing it as a key to the suc- 
cessful spiritual and fiscal 
growth of the church. The New 
Lebanon congregation has 
shared this view, and as a re- 

sult mission giving has grown tenfold 
since 1958, and it may double again 
this year over what it was three years 

Serving as church treasurer seems 
to run in the Eck family. Jim's father, 
the late John Eck, served as New 
Lebanon's treasurer for many years 
prior to Mrs. Bowser's term of service. 
And Jim's son Joel now serves as treas- 
urer of the church he attends. 

Helen Bowser announces the special day in his 
honor to a surprised Jim Eck (I.), as Pastor Robert 
Dillard looks on. 

N. Manchester W.M.S. Circle 
Celebrates 40th Anniversary 

North Manchester, Ind. — The 

Hadassah Circle of North Manches- 
ter's First Brethren Church celebrated 
its 40th anniversary April 12 with a 
brunch and program held at Honey- 
well House in Wabash. 

Twenty seven ladies, including nine 
charter members of the W M S Ciitle, 

attended the celebration. Among the 
charter members present was Mrs. 
Bert Hodge, now of Indianapolis, a 
former pastor's wife who was instru- 
mental in organizing the society in 
1948. Mrs. Hodge was given special 
recognition during the celebration. 

Mrs. Don Schutz was the speaker for 
the occasion, giving an interesting 
talk on "Maturing Happily." She also 
joined Mrs Woodrow Immel and Mrs. 
Lmda Warner in singing two special 

Charter members of the Hadassah Circle present for the 40th anniversary celebration 
were (back row, I. to r.) Mary Louise Briner, Kathryn Brown, Kathleen Ruse, Helen 
Conrad, (front row, I. to r.) Mary Elizabeth Ayres, Betty O'Hara, Alfredo Hodge, 
Pauline Smith, and Ruby Badskey. 


numbers, "Tribute to Hadassah" (for 
which Mrs. Schutz wrote the lyrics), 
and "Sunrise, Sunset," from Fiddler 
on the Roof. 

Mrs. Frank Conrad led a memorial 
service honoring deceased members of 
the circle. 

The celebration concluded with a 
tour of the Honeywell House. 

— reported by Mrs. Woodrow Immel 

H.R. Garland Leads Revival 
At Valley Brethren Church 

Jones Mills, Pa. — Rev. H.R. Gar- 
land was the speaker for revival serv- 
ices held April 24 through 27 at the 
Valley Brethren Church. 

Rev. Garland, who is known for his 
preaching on prophecy, was pastor of 
the Valley congregation from 1946 to 
1948. His sermon topics included "The 
Needs of the Church in 1988," "The 
Why and Wherefore of the Seven 
Years' Tribulation," "Signs of the 
Times," and "The Righteous of the 

One first-time confession of faith 
and 15 rededications were made dur- 
ing the services. Average attendance 
was 80 with a high of 100 on "Fill-A- 
Pew Night." 

— reported by Vera Schroyer 

The Brethren Evangelist 


S.E. District Conference Convenes 

In Waterbrook Church's New FaciUty 

creased apportionment will be used by 
the district mission board for church 

Edinburg, Va. — The Southeastern 
District held its spring conference 
Saturday, April 23, in the beautiful 
facility of the Waterbrook Brethren 
Church. This was the first district 
gathering hosted by the Waterbrook 
Brethren since they occupied their 
new building November 30 of last 

District Moderator Doc Shank led 
the 98 delegates and guests during the 
day-long meeting. 

Dr. Dale R. Stoffer, General Confer- 
ence Moderator, presented the keynote 
address based on Joshua 24, drawing 
parallels between the nation of Israel 
and The Brethren Church. Dr. Stoffer 
shared three concerns for The Breth- 
ren Church: (1) the foundation of our 
individual and collective faith in Jesus 
Christ as Lord; (2) organizational 
changes planned at the national level; 
and (3) attitudes of love, trust, and 
cooperation that we need to develop as 
a people. 

During the business sessions, dele- 
gates voted to increase the district ap- 
portionment from $3.00 to $5.50 per 
member beginning in 1989. The in- 

The church growth report for 1987 
revealed some positives and negatives. 
Reported Sunday school attendance 
was up by 4% from the prior year, 
while worship attendance and mem- 
bership each declined 1%. 

The committee on rules and organi- 
zation presented a first draft of a pro- 
posed revised constitution and bylaws 
for the district. Delegates were asked 
to study the document and respond to 
the committee prior to the fall confer- 
ence, when action will be taken. 

The district mission board shared its 
strategy of telemarketing for planting 
a new Brethren church in Frederick, 
Maryland. Delegates were challenged 
to respond as to their willingness to 
help with the telephoning. Of the 64 
who responded, 34 indicated a definite 
commitment to help, 10 of whom also 
offered to try to recruit 4 others to join 
them. In addition, 14 said they would 
pray about helping but were not yet 
ready to make a commitment. The 
goal is to begin the church this fall. 

Navy Chaplain Tom Schultz 
To Retire From Active Duty 

Great Lakes, III. — Commander 
Thomas A. Schultz, Brethren Church 
Chaplain to the U.S. Navy, will retire 
from active 
duty Sep- 
tember 1, 

Naval re- 
for Chaplain 
Schultz will 
be held at 
10:30 a.m., i 
June 30, at I 
the Naval I 
Training I 

Center in 
Great Lakes Chaplain Thomas A. Schultz 

Schultz entered the Navy chap- 
laincy in 1969. During his years as a 
chaplain he served with Navy and 
Marine Corps units at sea, Japan, Viet- 
nam, Diego Garcia, Spain, Guam, and 
on deployments worldwide. 

Schultz and his wife, Pat, grew up 
in Pleasant Hill, Ohio, where both be- 

JUNE 1988 

came members of the First Brethren 
Church of Pleasant Hill. Schultz spent 
a year at Ashland College, then served 
two years in the U.S. Army before re- 
turning to Ashland, where he received 
a B.S. degree from the college and a 
M.Div. degree from the seminary. 
While serving in the Navy, he con- 
tinued his education, receiving both a 
Ph.D. and a D.Min. degree from Fuller 
Theological Seminary, Pasadena, 

Prior to entering the Navy Chap- 
laincy, he spent several years in the 
pastorate during which he served the 
Congregational Church of Willard, 
Ohio; the Honey Creek United Church 
of Christ, New Carlisle, Ohio; the 
First Brethren Church of Gratis, Ohio; 
and the Fort McKinnley Church of the 
Brethren, Dayton, Ohio. 

The Schultzes have three married 
sons, four grandchildren, and are look- 
ing forward to the birth of a fifth 
grandchild in August. They plan to 
make their retirement home in Cy- 
press, Calif 

The moments when you have really 
lived are the moments when you have 
done things in the spirit of love. 

— Henry Drummond 

Official starting date is dependent 
upon location of a pastoral family in 

Newly-elected officers, who will be 
installed at the fall conference, are: 
moderator — Richard Craver; mod- 
erator-elect — Jean Shank; secretary 

— Odessa Shelton; assistant secretary 

— Dee Keplinger; treasurer — Samuel 
Hinkle, Jr.; assistant treasurer — 
Alvin Vann; and executive committee 
members-at-large — Mary Carver and 
Edna Logan. 

The Waterbrook Church provided a 
barbecued chicken dinner without 
charge to those attending as a gift to 
the district for its support and encour- 
agement. An afternoon program of in- 
spirational music was presented by 
the "Holy Terrors," a group of Edin- 
burg area pastors. 

The fall conference will be hosted 
by the Maurertown, Va., Brethren 
Church on Saturday, September 17. 
— Ronald W. Waters 

Corinth Church Bids Farewell 
To Pastor Britton and Family 

Twelve Mile, Ind. — Members of the 
Corinth Brethren Church held an 
open house for Pastor and Mrs. Mark 
Britton and their son, Benjamin, on 
Saturday evening, March 26, to say 
farewell to the Brittons as they pre- 
pared to begin a new ministry in April 
at the Bryan, Ohio, Brethren Church. 
Approximately 70 people gathered 
to enjoy finger foods and desserts and 
to wish the Brittons God's blessing in 
their new ministry. As a farewell gift, 
the congregation gave the Brittons a 
picture book of memories of their 
ministry at the Corinth Brethren 

— reported by Lois Thomson 

Pastor Mark and Cathy Britton and 
son Benjamin share a memory from the 
book given to them by the Corinth Church. 



Lathrop Puts Focus on the Family 
During Month of Special Events 

Lathrop Calif. — April was a month 
of special events at the Lathrop Breth- 
ren Church, all with an emphasis on 
the family. 

The month began with the congre- 
gation celebrating the death and 
resurrection of the Son of God and 
praising Him for creating the family 
of God through His grace. 

The following Sunday, the last day 
of Passover, Doug Carmel of Jews for 
Jesus presented "Christ in the Pass- 
over." He demonstrated how Passover 
points to the saving work of Christ, 
thus uniting Jew and Gentile into one 
family of God. 

Six days later the Lathrop Brethren 
participated in a 24-hour prayer vigil 

in which they prayed intensely for 
every family attending the church. 
The purpose was to encourage, 
strengthen, and unite the local Body 
of Christ in love. 

As the prayer vigil ended, a series of 
revival meetings began, with Rev. 
Robert Dillard, pastor of the Brethren 
Church in New Lebanon, Ohio, bring- 
ing challenges from God's word. Rev. 
Dillard weaved into his messages en- 
couragement to make Christ the foun- 
dation for marriages and families, 
thus adding to the "family feeling" al- 
ready established during the month. 

This emphasis continued into the 
last Sunday of the month, when Nick 
and Diane Vlaovich shared during the 

The Tim Solomon family (left photo) has received a visa to enter Colombia, where 
they will begin service as Brethren missionaries. Lisa and Stephen (right photo) have 
been busy helping with the packing as the family prepares for a June 7 departure. Be 
much in prayer for Tim, Jan, and the children as they move to a new home, adjust to a 
new culture, and begin their missionary service. 

Pleasant Hill Teen to Serve 
As Short-Term Missionary 

Pleasant Hill, Ohio — Geneva 
Oburn, a member of the Pleasant Hill 
First Brethren Church, will serve this 
summer as a short-term missionary in 

Geneva, daughter of Eugene and 
DeAnn Oburn, will be serving as part 
of a vacation Bible school team under 
the direction of Christian Service In- 
ternational of Muncie, Ind. During 
their two-week mission tour in Gre- 


nada, Geneva and the other members 
of her team will teach in two V.B.S.'s, 
one in Pearls and the other in Mar- 
quis. Each team member will also 
have an opportunity to participate in 
evening services by presenting music 
or sharing a testimony. 

Geneva, who will be a junior next 
fall at Newton High School, is raising 
her own support for the trip (approxi- 
mately $1,200) by babysitting, doing 
odd jobs, through a bake sale and a car 
wash, and from the financial help of 
family and friends. Prayers on her be- 
half would be appreciated. 

morning service their experiences of 
God's healing power. They told how 
God had brought them back from near 
tragedy after their car had been 
struck by a train. Their message con- 
vinced the Lathrop Brethren of the 
need to regularly thank God for the 
blessings He bestows upon families. 

The evening service that day was 
conducted by the junior high Sunday 
school class. The devotional portion of 
the program was followed by "You 
Asked for It." This program of com- 
mand performances was filled with 
talent of all kinds from people of all 
ages. This time of family fellowship 
closed out the month of April and set 
the stage for a continued emphasis on 
the family in May. 
— reported by Pastor Roger Stogsdill 

N. California District Meets 
For Business and Inspiration 

Stockton, Calif. — The Brethren 
churches of Northern California held 
their district conference February 26- 
28 at the Stockton Brethren Church. 

The conference opened on Friday 
evening with receiving of credentials 
followed by a worship service. Profes- 
sor Richard Allison of Ashland 
Theological Seminary was the speaker 
for the service, and special music in- 
cluded a solo by Audi Urbano and a 
trumpet duet. 

Conference business was conducted 
Saturday afternoon under the leader- 
ship of Moderator Marshall Lehr. Bus- 
iness included committee appoint- 
ments, election of conference officers 
and district board members, treas- 
urer's report and budget adoption, and 
district board reports. New offi- 
cers for the district are Paul Hallet, 
moderator; Bill Hubble, moderator- 
elect; Dorothy Huse, secretary; GSordon 
McCosh, treasurer; Brian Stone and 
Jim Kirkendall, members-at-large. 
The district mission board reported 
that it is studying the southwest sec- 
tion of the city of Lodi as a possible 
center of effort for a new church. 

The evening program included a 
concert of classical and semi-classical 
music (vocal and instrumental) by 
seven guest artists, and an address by 
General Conference Moderator Dale 

The conference concluded on Sunday 
evening with a buffet supper followed 
by a song service and special music, 
the installation of the 1988-89 officers, 
and an inspirational address by Dr. 
Richard Allison. 
— reported by Dorothy Huse, secretary 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Heritage Day Observed April 24th 
At Bryan First Brethren Church 

Bryan, Ohio — The First Brethren 
Church of Bryan observed Sunday, 
April 24, as Heritage Day, as the con- 
gregation continues its year-long 
celebration of its 100th anniversary. 

Honored guests for Heritage Day in- 
cluded Dr. and Mrs. Charles Munson 
of Ashland. Dr. Munson, portraying 
early Brethren leader Elder Henry 
Holsinger, presented the message dur- 
ing the morning worship service. 

Other honored quests were: Ver- 
neitta Wineland Zigler (granddaugh- 
ter of charter member William Wine- 
land) and her husband Leonard (both 
of Montpelier, Ohio); and four descend- 
ants of charter member Erma New- 
come Hineman, including step-grand- 
children Helen Burgbacher, Gladys 
Hineman, and Blanche Ransom, and 
step-great-granddaughter Bonnie Burg- 

Also in attendance were two of the 
three oldest living members — Beulah 
Ridenour, who will be 97 on July 6; 
and Addie Wineland (daughter-in-law 
of charter member William Wine- 

land), who will be 97 on September 29. 
Wilma Hoffman, the congregation's 

Hyla Fisher with the commemorative 
plate she designed and painted showing the 
original (I.), remodeled original, and present 
(new) Bryan church buildings. 

oldest living member (who will be 98 
on July 3), a resident of Bryan Nurs- 
ing Care, was unable to attend. 

All the hymns for the Heritage Day 
worship service were taken from an 
1867 edition of the Brethren's Hymn 
Book and were accompanied by or- 
ganist Gladys Hineman and pianist 
Bonnie Burgbacher. Special music was 
a medley of old favorites sung by the 
Connin Trio (Norma Connin Stom- 
baugh, Joan Connin Culler, and Mar- 
cia Connin Sander). 

During the service a commemora- 
tive plate was presented to Pastor 
Mark Britton on behalf of the congre- 
gation by Jim Manning, chairman of 
the 100th anniversary committee. The 
plate, which depicts the three church 
buildings used by the congregation on 
the front and which has the names of 
the pastors and their dates of service 
on the back, was designed and painted 
by Hyla Fisher. 

In addition to the Heritage Day wor- 
ship service in the morning, another 
special event took place in the eve- 
ning, when the Kid's Choir, under the 
direction of Bonnie Burgbacher and 
Kathy Nicholls, presented a muscial 
entitled "King's Kids." 

— reported by Louise Bishop 

"Love Loaf Sunday is Day 
Of Joy at Wayne Heights 

Waynesboro, Pa. — The early follow- 
ers of the Lord gathered frequently to 
"break bread." These were occasions of 
thankfulness, joy, and praise. 

On Sunday morning. May 1, some 
20th-century followers of the Lord 
gathered to "break bread," and it was 
likewise an occasion of thankfulness, 
joy, and praise. But this "bread-break- 
ing" at the Wayne Heights Brethren 
Church was different. These Brethren 
came not to break loaves made of flour 
and yeast, but loaves made of plastic 
and filled with money. 

Six weeks earlier each member of 
the congregation had received one of 
these "Love Loaves" (supplied by 
World Vision) and had been urged to 
use it as a reminder of the millions of 
people around the world who do not 
have enough to eat. Then each Sunday 
letters and reports from some of the 
drought-stricken areas of the world 
were shared with the Brethren to 
make them aware of the great need for 
help in those areas. The Brethren 
were encouraged to respond to these 
needs by giving sacrifically, putting 
their gifts in their plastic loaves. 

On May 1 the Wayne Heights 

Brethren brought their "dough "-filled 
loaves to the worship service. Then 
during the service, each person came 
to the front of the sanctuary, broke 
open the loaf, and, as a symbol of giv- 
ing and sharing, poured its contents 
into prepared containers. The joy 
which the Brethren experienced as 
they brought their loaves was in- 
creased when it was announced that 
their offering of $2,242 surpassed the 
$2,100-goal. This offering will be 

equally divided between World Vision 
and the Brethren World Relief Board. 

According to Pastor Henry Bates, 
"The Wayne Heights Brethren praise 
the Lord for this wonderful expression 
of concern and compassion for others, 
and also praise the Lord for making it 
possible for them to have the wealth 
so that they can share with others." 

Editor's note: The above was submitted 
by Rev. Bates shortly before he suffered a 
severe heart attack on May 9. 

Waterloo, Iowa — The First Brethren Church of Waterloo held its third annual Old- 
Fashioned Brethren Service on Sunday, May 1. This year's service was dedicated to the 
memory of Laurence Ru Lon and Abe Glessner and included many of their favorite Bible 
passages and hymns. Shown in the plain clothes that were the fashion for the day are (I. to 
r.) Ethel Lichty, Betty Gavlock, Kermit Hoard, Emma Hoard, Glade Miller, Susan Mercer, 
Pastor Lynn Mercer, Helen Lichty, and Mary Brown. Photo and report by Lois Catchpooi. 

June 1988 



Cheyenne Missions Night Provides 
Insights into Plight of the Needy 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — Members of the 
Cheyenne Brethren Church received a 
practical lesson about "haves" and 
"have nots" during a recent W.M.S. 
Missions Fellowship Night. 

As people arrived for the carry-in 
dinner, each person drew a number (a 
1, 2, or 3) from a bag. Then Sue Hurd, 
who was in charge of the program, 
said that those with a number 1 could 
go through the food line and take as 

much as they wanted of whatever 
foods they liked. Those with a number 
2 were told to choose three foods and 
to take as much as they wanted of 
those three foods. And those with a 
number 3 were told to go through the 
line and get a plate, silverware, and a 
glass, but no food. 

When all had gone through the line, 
a prayer was offered and those with 
food began to eat. After a short time, 


Mrs. Sue Hurd — helping 
Cheyenne Brethren under- 
stand the problems and 
frustrations of the world's 
poor and needy. 

Photo by Ruth Larson 

Mrs. Hurd told those without food that 
they should go to those with food and 
ask for something from their plates. 
Those with food were told that they 
could share as they saw fit. 

After this was done, Mrs. Hurd 
made several observations about what 
had taken place. She noted that some 
people shared generously, while others 
refused to share at all. She also 
pointed out that those with empty 
plates were embarrassed and hesitant 
to ask, some even preferring to go 
without food rather than ask. But 
above all, she said that there was a 
lack of understanding, especially 
among the little children. 

She then made the point that if this 
lack of understanding existed among 
members of the same congregation, 
how much greater the problem must 
be in the real world among those who 
are truly needy and without food. 

After making these observations, 
Mrs. Hurd gave everyone the freedom 
to share in the food, and all enjoyed a 
good meal. Following the meal, Mrs. 
Hurd, who is the wife of Cheyenne 
Pastor Emery Hurd, presented a slide 
program about Brethren foreign mis- 
sion work. 

— reported by Alice M. Tharp 

Ten Brethren Students Receive Degrees 
At Ashland College's 110th Commencement 

Ashland, Ohio — Ten Brethren stu- 
dents were among the 723 graduates 
who received degrees May 7 during 
the 110th commencement ceremonies 
of Ashland College. 

Lisa Michelle Brandenburg received 
the Bachelor of Science in Education 
degree with a major in elementary 
education. She is the daughter of Mrs. 
Sandra Brandenburg of Smithville, 
Ohio, and a member of the Smithville 
Brethren Church. 

Michael James Lucas, the son of Mr. 
and Mrs. James Lucas of Ashland, re- 
ceived the B.S. in education degree 
with a history major. Michael is a 
member of the Park Street Brethren 

Jean and Kevin Moe, the twin chil- 
dren of Mrs. Mary Moe of Sarasota, 
Fla., and members of the Sarasota 
First Brethren Church, both received 
degrees. Jean was granted the B.S. in 
Education degree with an elementary 
education major, and Kevin received 
the Bachelor of Arts degree with a 
major in public communications. 

Paul William Ritchey, the son of 
Rev. and Mrs. Ronald Ritchey of Hynd- 


man, Pa., is a member of the Ashland 
Park Street Brethren Church. Paul re- 
ceived the Bachelor of Science in Busi- 
ness Administration degree with a 
major in broadcast sales and station 

Laura Bacon Rose received the B.S. 
in Education degree with an elemen- 
tary education major. Laura is direc- 
tor of children's ministries at Park 
Street Brethren Church and, since 
graduation, has become director of the 
day care center sponsored by the 
church. She and her husband, Damon, 
live in Ashland. 

Jody Lynn Shultz, the daughter of 
Dr. and Mrs. Joseph R. Shultz of Ash- 
land, graduated magna cum laude and 
Gamma Alpha Kappa. A Park Street 
member, she received the B.A. degree 
with a double major — public com- 
munications and radio/TV broadcasting. 

David Scott Webb, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. David Webb of South Bend, Ind., 
and a member of the Admore First 
Brethren Church, majored in business 
management. He received the B.S. in 
Business Administration degree and 
graduated cum laude. 

Jennifer Witulski received the B.A. 
degree with a major in applied music 
(vocal). She is the daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. Edmund Witulski of South Bend, 
Ind., and a member of the Ardmore 
First Brethren Church. 

Jane Elaine Zimmerly graduated 
cum laude and received the B.S. in 
Education degree with a major in 
elementary education. She is the 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Don Zim- 
merly of Orrville, Ohio, and a member 
of the Smithville Brethren Church. 

AC president Dr. Joseph R. Shultz 
presided over the commencement cere- 
monies. John H. McConnell, chairman 
and chief executive officer of Worth- 
ington Industries of Columbus, Ohio, 
gave the commencement address, and 
was awarded an honorary Doctor of 
Humanities degree by the college. 
Rev. David Cooksey, Director of 
Patoral Ministries for The Brethren 
Church and a college trustee, gave the 
invocation and benediction. 

— Joan Rank 

Every day this year, 40,000 people 
die somewhere in the world of hunger 
and malnutrituion. And every day, the 
nations of the world will spend $2.5 
billion — much more than enough to 
feed and clothe them — on weapons. 
— U.S. House Speaker Jim Wright 

The Brethren Evangeust 


Rev. Kenneth Madison Recognized 
As Chaplain in the U.S. Military 

Kokomo, Ind. — Rev. Kenneth Madi- 
son, pastor of the First Brethren 
Church of Kokomo, was elevated from 
the status of chaplain candidate to 
that of chaplain April 27 following his 
affirmation of the oath of office for the 
chaplaincy in the Indiana National 

This change in status means that 
Rev. Madison is now able to serve as 
chaplain to units in the military. He 
now wears a cross on his uniform in- 
stead of the staff specialist insignia 
worn by chaplain candidates. Shortly 
before being elevated to the chap- 
liancy, Madison was also promoted to 
the rank of First Lieutenant. 

Madison's recognition as chaplain 
follows his completion of various 
training, including his civilian college 
and seminary training (bachelor's and 
master of divinity degrees), and also 
two sections of chaplain officer basic 
training. The first section of this 
training (a four-week course) he com- 
pleted in 1985. The second he com- 

pleted from February 28 to April 14 of 
this year, just prior to his recognition 
as chaplain. 

During this recent training session, 
held in Ft. Monmouth, N.J., subjects 
covered included ethics, leadership, 
family counseling, ministry to soldiers 
during both peace and war, worship, 
and physical training. Madison at- 
tended the course along with 72 other 
chaplains and chaplain candidates 
from various denominations. 

During his seven weeks in New Jer- 
sey for this schooling, Madison used 
his weekends to visit several Brethren 
churches in the Pennsylvania District. 
On his way to Ft. Monmouth, he 
stayed with Rev. and Mrs. William 
Cole in Levittown, Pa., on February 
27 and attended the Fairless Hills- 
Levittown Brethren Church on Feb- 
ruary 28. The following weekend he 
visited the Sergeantsville, N.J., Breth- 
ren Church. 

On March 13, he not only visited the 
Mt. Olivet Brethren Church in 

A Visit to the Berlin Brethren Church 
For a Special Musical Performance 

Come with me to the balcony of the 
Brethren Church on Main Street in 
Berlin, Pa., for a real treat. John 
Glessner and I discovered years ago 
that these are the best seats in the 
house. We could look down on the per- 
formers with no obstructions — no 
hats or heads to look around. 

It's March 27, 1988, 7:30 p.m., and 
the Senior Choir under the direction of 
Norman Menhorn, plus his platform 
helpers — Ellen Hay, organist; Judy 
Brant, pianist; and Tom Sprowls, Sr., 
narrator — are presenting the Easter 
cantata. It took a Miracle, by John W. 

Their long hours of practicing are 
certainly paying off, as we witness the 
wonderful Passion story in songs, 
solos, duets, and walk-ons. Jesus is 
splendidly portrayed by Dave Eber- 
sole; Pilate by Terry Griffith; Judas by 
Paul Bird, Jr.; thieves by Tom 
Courtney and Todd Dively; the three 
Marys by Connie Will, Eloise Long, 
and Nancy Griffith; and chief priests 
by Ronald Bockes, Gerald Parry, and 
Ron Pritts. Other disciples and sol- 
diers are played by Joe Deem, David 
Dively, David Wyant, Corey Will, 

John Long, John Hoffman, and Ed 

What a wonderful message we re- 
ceive as we listen to "He Turned My 
Desert into a Garden" by Amanda 
Bockes; and the gentle reflective 
words of "I Helped Crucify Him" by 
Joan Menhorn. As the Last Supper is 
reenacted on the stage, Jesus' reassur- 
ing words, "Let Not Your Heart be 
Troubled," are sung by JoAnn Horner 
and Norman Menhorn. 

Our long-time pastor. Rev. Ralph 
Mills, is the perfect person to put the 
entire evening and the events por- 
trayed into perspective. Behind the 
scenes, working feverishly (sometimes 
frantically), are dramatic coordinators 
Frances Bockes and Nancy Brant. 
Beautiful scenery and artwork by 
Penny Deem and cinematography by 
Bob Brant give the finishing touches. 

But you know, I think the nicest 
thing about the whole evening was the 
way so many members of our church 
— all ages included — worked to- 
gether and had fun together portray- 
ing the precious Easter message in 
story and in song to our community. 
— by M. Geneva Altfather 

Georgetown, Del., but also provided 
special music for the worship service. 
The following weekend, March 19 and 
20, he was again at the Fairless Hills- 
Levittown Brethren Church for wor- 
ship and to present special music. The 
next weekend he attended the Palm 
Sunday service at the Calvary Breth- 
ren Church. 
On Thursday evening, March 31, he 

June 1988 

Photo by Rev. William Cole- 

Chaplain Kenneth Madison presenting 
special music at the Fairless Hills-Leuit- 
town, Pa., Brethren Church. 

attended the Communion service at 
the Sergeantsville First Brethren 
Church before flying home the next 
day to spend the Easter weekend with 
his family and to lead the Easter serv- 
ice at the Kokomo First Brethren 
Church. He then returned to Ft. Mon- 
mouth where he completed his final 
two weeks of training. On his home- 
ward journey following the conclusion 
of the course, he stopped at Marianna, 
Pa., to visit his friend. Pastor David 
Graetz, and to attend the morning 
worship service of the Highland 
Brethren Church, where he again pre- 
sented special music. 

Chaplain Madison commented that 
it was a wonderful opportunity for him 
to worship the Lord with other Breth- 
ren in their home churches. He also 
wished to express his appreciation to 
the David Graetz, William Cole, and 
Glenn Grumbling families for their 
hospitality during his visits. 

Of the five billion people in the 
world, 1.1 billion are Chinese. This 1.1 
billion Chinese equals all the people 
in South America and Africa com- 
bined. Yet, there are some 12,700 mis- 
sionaries in Africa and 11,300 to 
South America, a total of 24,000. In 
contrast, there are virtually no mis- 
sionaries to China and only 12,800 
missionaries to all Asia, one for every 
228,700 persons. 

— Source: Ambassadors for Christ, 
Inc., Newsletter 





Daniel Resales has been named 
pastor of Iglesia Hispana de los Her- 
manos, the Hispanic congregation of 
the Sarasota, Fla., First Brethren 
Church. Former pastor Rev. Kenneth 
Solomon will now be directing his full 
attention to the English-speaking con- 
gregation as associate pastor. 

The laymen and boys of the Oak 
Hill, W. Va., First Brethren Church 

prepared, served, and cleaned up after 
this year's Mother-Daughter Banquet, 
held May 7. Ruby Fox was honored as 
the oldest mother present for the ban- 
quet; Patricia Smith as the youngest; 
and Jeanette Nuckels as the newest. 

Cinnamon Downs of the Hillcrest 
Brethren Church in Dayton, Ohio, 
won a solo competition April 16 for the 
Dayton Philharmonic Young People's 
Concerts. A harpist, she will be play- 
ing solos on three separate occasions 
next season with the Dayton Philhar- 
monic Orchestra when the Young 
People's Concerts are performed. 

The Waterloo, Iowa, First Breth- 
ren Church dedicated several new 
items on Sunday, April 10, during the 
morning worship service. Dedicated 
were a new ceiling and lighting in the 
Bashor Fellowship Hall, given in 
memory of Edgar Wassam; divider 
curtains in the fellowship hall; carpet- 
ing in the Midway Room; and various 
items purchased for the nursery. 

The Deacon Board of the North 
Georgetown, Ohio, First Brethren 
Church honored its 1988 graduates 
on May 22 with a special breakfast. 
Dr. Fred Finks, vice president of Ash- 
land Theological Seminary, was the 
speaker for the breakfast aind for the 
morning worship service. 

Thirty-five members of the First 
Brethren Church of Waterloo, 
Iowa, joined approximately 3,000 
other people from throughout Iowa at 
the UNI-Dome in Cedar Falls on April 
15 for two hours of prayer and hymn 
singing. The Iowa Concert of Prayer, 
as it was called, was an interdenomi- 
national gathering of Christians to 


pray for spiritual renewal and for local 
and world evangelization. 

Twelve members of the Brethren 
Church of New Lebanon, Ohio, 

read through the Bible in 1987. Elev- 
en of the twelve are Pauline Winfield, 
Kyle Humphrey, Helen Bozarth, Bill 
Ballard, Nancy Ballard, Virginia 
Geist, Sonya Foust, David Black, Ruth 
Black, Juanita Cooper, and Dan 
Cooper. {The twelfth name was not re- 
ported. Editor.) 

The Men's Fellowship Organiza- 
tion of the Sarasota, Fla., First Breth- 
ren Church held its annual public 
service on May 8. This year Sarasota's 
daughter church, Iglesia Hispana de 
los Hermonos, was invited to join in. 

Several members of the Spanish con- 
gregation gave testimonies, and el 
grupo sang several Christian Hispanic 
choruses. Leo Elliott also sang a solo. 

The Bell Choir of the First Breth- 
ren Church of North Manchester, Ind., 
presented a program May 5 to the res- 
idents of Peabody Home. Eleven bell 
ringers and their director, Mrs. Linda 
Warner, entertained the residents 
with several selections. Pastor Marlin 
McCann and adult choir director Mrs. 
Ginny Coon also sang vocal selections. 

Michele Dunlap of the Brethren 
Church in New Lebanon, Ohio, re- 
ceived the Girl Scout Grold Award on 
April 21. This is the highest recogni- 
tion in Girl Scouting. 

In Memory 

Mrs. Edna (Michel) Dodds, 90, May 14. 

Mrs. Dodds was the widow of Brethren pas- 
tor Rev. J.G. Dodds, who died in 1965. To- 
gether they served Brethren churches at 
Falls City, Nebr.; Mexico, Twelve Mile 
(Corinth), and Muncie, Ind.; and 
Smithville, Akron (Firestone Park), and 
Massillon, Ohio, over a period of 50 years. 
They were the parents of two sons, both of 
whom served as Brethren pastors — Gil- 
bert, Vv'ho died in 1977, and Mike, who died 
in 1976. They also had four daughters, 
three of whom — Bertha Lee (Burk) Curry 
of Monroe, Mich.; Nadine (King) Henze of 
Santa Maria, Calif; and Marilyn Morrow 
of Rockford, 111. — are still living. Mrs. 
Dodds also had 19 grandchildren, 35 great- 
grand-children, and one great-great-grand- 
child. The funeral service was May 18 at 
Rockford, 111. 

Wilbur Wren, 89, May 2. Faithful attend- 
er since 1921 of the Gretna Brethren 
church, where he served as Sunday school 
superintendent during the 1960's and 70's. 
Services by Pastor James F. Black. 
Gladys Clayton, 86, May 1. Member since 
1964 of the Gretna Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Pastor James F. Black. 
Mrs. Bertha Racey, 81, April 28. Member 
since 1948 of the Mount Olive Brethren 
Church, and former dormitory house 
mother at Ashland College. Services by 
Pastor Ronald W. Waters. 
Everett Keplinger, 81, April 22. Member 
for 56 years of the Dayton Hillcrest Breth- 
ren Church, which he served as a trustee 
and a deacon. Service by Rev. James R. 

Guernon C. (Jack) Warren, 77, April 18. 
Member for 33 years of the Wayne Heights 
Brethren Church, where he served several 
yeas as assistant Sunday school secretary 
and for 17 years on the trustee board. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Henry Bates. 
Alice Margaret Hayes, 82, April 12. 
Member of the Waterloo First Brethren 

Mildred Pullen, 86, April 9. Member for 
50 years of the South Bend First Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Larry R. Baker. 

Charles Stoffer, 95, March 29. Lifetime 
member and deacon for more than 50 years 
of the North Georgetown Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor William Walk. 
Marie Warner, 90, March 10. Member of 
the North Manchester First Brethren 
Church. Services by Rev. Woodrow Immel. 
Ruby Briggs, 75, March 1. Member of the 
Cameron First Brethren Church, where 
she served as deaconess for more than 40 
years. Also served as W.M.S. president, 
pianist, and Sunday school teacher. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Ralph John. 
Dorsey Brandenburg, 82, February 21. 
Member of the North Manchester First 
Brethren Church, which he served as 
church trustee for 10 years. Services by 
Pastor Marlin McCann. 


Michelle Patricia La Mazza to Todd 
William Winter, April 9, in Chandler, 
Ariz.; Rev. H. William Fells, grandfather of 
the groom, officiating. Todd is the son of 
Brethren missionaries Mr. and Mrs. Wil- 
liam Winter. 


Otis (Mac) and Vivian McCann, 55th, 

June 25. Members of the Waterloo First 

Brethren Church. 

John and Alma Harshbarger, 55th, May 

27. Members of the Mount Olive Brethren 


Mr. and Mrs. Emerson Miller, 60th, May 

7. Members of the Loree Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Corinth: 2 by transfer 

Cameron: 4 by baptism 

Masontown: 3 by baptism 

Smithville: 9 by baptism 

Pleasiint View: 2 by baptism 

Centre Cristiano: 9 by baptism 

North Manchester: 3 by baptism 

St. James: 5 by baptism, 5 by transfer 

Baldwin Park (Monrovia): 1 by baptism, 

2 by transfer 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 


What is the church? We often say we are going to church when we mean that we 
are going to the church building. The church building is the place where a group of 
Christians meet. 

In the Bible the word church means the people who worship and serve God. The 
church includes all the people in the past who accepted Jesus as Savior, all the people 
now who accept Him, as well as all the people in the future who will accept Him. 

The purpose of the church has always been to let people know that the holy, all- 
powerful God loves them, that Jesus His Son came to be their Savior, and that the Holy 
Spirit is here to guide and to help. The church brings others to God and helps them to 
grow in the Christian faith. The church is people — people loving and serving God. 

A. Color the X's red to find what we call a group of Christians. 
















































B. Join the dots to draw a building where Christians like to go. 


-• 2. 

• 3. 

• 4. 




. G. 

• 5. 

C. A word in this Bible 
verse tells what the 
church is. Circle the 

For you are a people 

holy to the Lord your 


Deuteronomy 14:2a 

June 1988 



to the 71 BRETHREN 

who gave $8390 this 
past year to the 

These churches are still banking on the 
importance of educated leaders for 

Want others 
to pick up 
your share? 

How about you; feeling lucky? 

Or is the joy 
of the Christian faith 
our pulling together? 
Helping our students today 
will help ensure the 
Church of tomorrow. 

If you care to join us 
you may send your 
offering to: 

The Rev. Bradley Weidenhamer 
Ashland Theological Seminary 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

CO O !i J 

UJ — ! O 

> S % 

ix Ij H- ■=? 

U p: 'Si ^ 

'^ T a: S 

Ui Q 2: Q 

ir ^ uj 2 

X <L O =3: 

I". ^ .-. 4 

(Y isi r-i in 

a <i a- ■s 

Developing a Global Vision 

Missions Confusion 

America Mission* in Miami, 
Fla., and an unfamiliar voice asked, 
"Can I come over to see your place?" 
It was a representative of Miami 
Vice, the TV program. 

A bit dumbfounded. Bill, the office 
manager, said that it would proba- 
bly be okay. Later that same after- 
noon, the Hollywood visitor arrived. 

"Where do the men eat?" he 
asked, looking in all directions. 

Now Bill was even more confused. 
"Well, we have a lunchroom on the 
third floor, if you want to see that." 

"No," said the visitor. "Where are 
the men? The derelicts? The al- 

The mystery solved 

There, the mystery was solved. 
Miami Vice had seen Latin America 
Mission in the telephone book and 
assumed that "mission" meant "res- 
cue mission" (which, I suppose, in 
the spiritual sense, it is). But the 
lunchroom — its photogenic coffee 
maker and folding table not- 
withstanding — would make no sub- 
stitute for the gritty, on-location 
filming of a Miami soup kitchen. 

This incident showed once again 
the imprecise way we use the word 
"mission" or "missions" and the mis- 
understanding that results. 

Outside the local grocery store, I 
often see a young Latin woman 

"Mr. Maust, who served several years in 
Peru, South America, as a Latin America 
Mission missionary, now lives in Miami, 
Fla., where he is editor of Latin America 
Mission magazine. 

dressed in white like a nurse. She 
holds out a can with a coin slot to 
passers-by and asks, "Would you 
give a donation to missions?" 

Missions? What kind of missions? 
What intrigues me is that all kinds 
of people — including men with 
their six-packs — dutifully clink 
quarters and dimes into the recepta- 
cle. Some of these people probably 
know less about Christian missions 
than I do about gourmet cooking. 

Finally, one day, I asked her, 
"What kind of missions are you rais- 
ing money for?" 

It turned out that she worked for 
an apparently Christian outfit that 
has an orphanage and other work 
among children. So why didn't she 
just come right out and tell people 

"We figure that people won't un- 
derstand what missions is," she said. 

Thinking about that later, I 
realized she was probably right. 
Even in the evangelical world, the 
amount of missions understanding 
can be as small as the attendance at 
Sunday night worship. 

It's no one's fault really; just a 
lack of effective communication be- 
tween missionaries and churches, 
between mission agencies and their 
prayer and financial supporters. 

Regular people 

Of course, many Christians have 
never met a "real live" missionary, 
so that doesn't help much. I recently 
spoke at a church in Los Angeles, 
and afterwards a young woman ap- 
proached me with a look of pleased 

relief. "Now, I can see that mis- 
sionaries are regular people," she 
said. (I think this was a compli- 

Sometimes I have tried to think of 
a substitute for "missions," because 
the very word automatically turns 
some Christians off. Maybe there 
are better terms or definitions of 
missions that will get across the sig- 
nificance of worldwide outreach for 
Christ and the excitement of lives 
transformed by God. 

Missions is: 

From an experiential standpoint, 
a missionary will tell you that serv- 
ing in missions is, among other 

— Feeling no different from any 
other Christian, but being treated as 

— Getting asked to preach, teach, 
or pick someone up at the airport on 
a moment's notice. 

— Being humbled by an outpour- 
ing of love and generosity from the 
most unsuspected people in the most 
unlikely places. 

— Going to the mailbox with 
never-before-experienced enthus- 

— Learning a new language, or 
trying to learn a new language. 

— Being asked about a country's 
dress, bugs, and eating habits, but 
not about one's personal struggles or 
spiritual ministry. 

— Standing in line for visa and 
passport applications. 

— Experiencing the joy of seeing 
an acquaintance pass from death to 
life in Christ. 

— Trying to totally identify with 
the host culture while still trying to 
keep up with things (baseball stand- 
ings, for instance) back home. 

— Learning to laugh at yourself 
after language and cultural goofs. 

— Having the deep satisfaction of 
serving God and also the sense of 
one's inadequacy to really ac- 
complish anything worthwhile un- 
less God is in it. 

The list goes on. And so does the 
cause of world and home missions. 
Whoops, there's that word again! [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

July/August 1988 
Volume 110, Number 7 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


Phil Lersch 

John Maust 

Alvin Shifflett 

Children's Page 

Alberta Holsinger 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) for The Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, OH 44805-3792. 
Authors' views are not neces- 
sarily those of The Brethren 
Church or the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company. 
Subscription Rates: One 
year, $8.50 for 100% church 
lists; $10.00 for church lists of 
five or more names; $10.50 
for individual subscriptions. 
Single-copy price, $1.00. 

Change of Address: Please 
send notice at least three 
weeks in advance. Copy old ad- 
dress from back of magazine 
and send with new address. 

Manuscript PoUcy: While 
some unsolicited manuscripts 
Eire accepted, a query letter 
sent first describing a proposed 
manuscript is preferred. In- 
clude a self-addressed, stamped 
envelope with all manuscripts. 
Suggestions and forms for re- 
porting news items are avail- 
able upon request. 
Advertising: The Evangelist 
accepts a limited amount of ad- 
vertising per issue. Rates are 
available upon request. 
Postmaster: Please send Form 
3579 to the Brethren Publish- 
ing Company, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, OH 44805-3792. 
Second Class Postage: Paid 
at Ashland, Ohio. 
Member: Evangelical Press 


The Brethren Church: Witness and Servant in Society 4 

By Jerry Flora 

A call to live for the glory of God and our neighbor's good. 

What is the Role of the Laity by Richard E. Allison 7 

Every one of God's people is to mature in the faith and be 
active in ministry. 

Special Section: General Conference Preview 

Introduction; Conference Schedule 12 

Conference Moderator; BYC Convention 13 

W.M.S. Sessions, Laymen's Sessions, Banquets 14 

and Luncheons 

Conference Workshops 15 


Developing a Global Vision 2 
by John Maust 

Readers' Forum 9 

Cartoon 9 

Peace Points of View 10 

Let Us Be Brethren 11 

by Moderator Dale R. Stoffer 
Update 16 

From the Grape Vine 22 

Children's Page 23 

by Alberta Holsinger 


For those of us experiencing the worst drought in many years (in our 
lifetime, for many), the lush scene on the cover looks a little like Paradise. 
I'm only sorry it has taken so long to get it (the cover) — and the rest of the 
magazine — to you. 

As we were midway into the preparation of this issue, however, our type- 
setter, with only a few days notice, took another job, leaving us with no one 
who knew how to operate the typesetting equipment. So in addition to edit- 
ing, writing, and laying out the magazine, I learned how to set type and 
helped to complete that part of the production process. A new typesetter has 
been hired, but it will be some time before she masters the equipment. 

Since this is the July/August issue, you should still have plenty of time 
to read it before the Sepember Evangelist arrives. Unfortunately, however, 
the Conference preview material in, this issue will hardly reach some of you 
before Conference is at hand. We at the Publishing Company are sorry for the 
delay, but we did our best under the circumstances. Dick Winfield, Editor 

Answers to Little Crusader Page: 

A. 4, 2, 6, 1 (red circle), 3, 7 (blue circle), 5. 

B. I was glad when they said to me let us go to the house of the Lord. 

C. Let us not give up meeting together. 

July/August 1988 

The Brethren Church: 
Witness and Servant in Society 

THE FIRES of American inde- 
pendence were originally fueled 
by ideas and writings from two 
cities. A stream of newspapers, pam- 
phlets, and broadsides flowed from 
both Boston and Philadelphia. 

In Pennyslvania's largest city, the 
print shop of Benjamin Franklin 
published, among other items, Poor 
Richard's Almanac and the Pennsyl- 
vania Gazette. Among Philadelphia's 
sizable German population, the 
name of Christopher Sauer was 
equally famous. Tailor, clockmaker, 
pharmacist, editor, printer, and pub- 
lisher, Sauer was Franklin's leading 

Although he was never a member 
of the young Brethren movement in 
Pennsylvania, Sauer was both a par- 
ticipant and a leader in it. His print 
shop was said to be famous for his 
motto hanging on the wall: "Tor the 
glory of God and my neighbor's 
good." That's the way Sauer wanted 
to do business: to point to God and to 
benefit his customers. 

His famous motto was rooted in 
the words of Jesus. When tested on 

Dr. Flora is professor of New Testa - 
ment theology at Ashland Theological 

This article was written at the request 
of the Social Concerns Committee of Gen- 
eral Conference and is a follow-up article 
to "Keeping My Brother: Social Respon- 
sibility and the Old Testament" written 
by Dr. David Baker, which appeared in 
the May issue. Together, the two articles 
have provided both an Old Testament 
and a New Testament basis for social 

By Jerry Flora 

which of Moses' 613 commands He 
considered to be Number One, Jesus 
at once replied, "Love the Lord your 
God completely — and Number Two 
is like it: Love your neighbor person- 
ally. Everything depends on these 

Jesus turned the tables one more 
time. He gave His detractors more 

For the 
glory of 


and my 



than they bargained for. He showed 
His inquisitors something they did 
not expect — an uncanny, sophisti- 
cated wisdom that saw some ques- 
tions in life as "both/and" rather 
than "either/or." Caring about the 
Holy One and caring for the un- 
holies are two sides of a single page 
on which we write our life story. 
They are the two sides of the door 
marked Faith, through which we 
enter the domain of God's divine 

The Brethren Church has always 
recognized that there are crucial 

both/and entries in the ledger of life. 
God is both one and three, holy and 
loving. We humans, created in the 
divine image, are both physical and 
spiritual, soul and body. Our proper 
response to God is faith, which en- 
tails belief and behavior, trust and 
obedience. That is why the Centen- 
nial Statement accepted by General 
Conference in 1983 considers our 
understanding of Christianity under 
two headings: "The Message of 
Faith" and "The Life of Faith." 

The Centennial Statement divides 
"The Life of Faith" into the areas of 
the individual, the family, the 
church, and the world. In the discus- 
sion of the world, a full paragraph is 
given to the subject of social con- 
cern. It begins by saying. The 
church is called to be both witness 
and servant in society. As witness, 
the church is salt and light in the 
world. This includes not only living 
obediently but also addressing the 
moral and social issues of the day 
from the foundation of Scripture. 

Although many people don't 
realize it, that's just what Jesus did. 
He refused to separate piety and 
politics, church and state, spiritual- 
ity and social concern. When He de- 
livered His inaugural address in 
Nazareth, He explained His mission 
in terms chosen from Isaiah: 

The Spirit of the Sovereign Lord 
is on me, 
because the Lord has anointed 

to preach good news to the poor. 
He has sent me to bind up the 

The Brethren Evangeust 

*The love of God that we see in Jesus is cruciform — it bears the 
marks of the cross. It is a love that is marked by self-denial, self- 
emptying, and self-giving, all for the sake of others." 

to proclaim freedom for the cap- 
and release for the prisoners. 

Isaiah 61:1, Niv 

Those words come only a few 
pages after the prophet's indictment 
of a piety that is no earthly good 
(Isa. 581. True worship, wrote Isaiah, 
involves loosing the chains of injus- 
tice, setting the oppressed free, shar- 
ing food with the hungry, providing 
the homeless with shelter, and cloth- 
ing the naked. "The Lord looked," 
he said, "and was displeased that 
there was no justice" (Isa. 59:15, NIV). 

When Jesus began His career of 
preaching, teaching and healing. He 
deliberately set Himself against 
very real, tangible injustice. His 
message at the outset was the same 
as that of John the Baptist, who was 
executed for his nonstop preaching 
against the morals of his ruler. 
Much later, when approached about 
taxes paid to the pagan occupation 
forces in His country, Jesus replied 
that people should indeed pay taxes. 
When He struck against the Jewish 
religious establishment, which was 
abusing the Temple Tax System, he 
drove the animals and auctioneers 
out of the temple courtyard. But 
that was going too far — the 
Prophet was meddling in politics. He 
had signed His own death warrant. 

"Caring about the Holy One 
and caring for the un- 
holies are two sides of a 
single page on which we 
write our life story." 

In between the beginning and the 
end. He upset more than a few ta- 
bles in Jerusalem — Jesus over- 
turned many cherished ideas about 
human society. He crossed estab- 
lished racial boundaries, for exam- 
ple, when He healed a Roman of- 
ficer's son or servant. He restored 
joy to the life of a Greek woman 
born in Syrian Phoenicia when He 
healed her daughter. He dealt mer- 
cifully with a madman who lurked 

in a Gentile cemetery. People didn't 
expect such across-class and across- 
race acts from their leaders. 

Jesus also crossed established sex- 
ual boundaries. Contrary to the re- 
spected rabbis of the day. He permit- 
ted women to approach Him, speak 
to Him, touch Him, express affection 
for Him, minister to Him, even 
study with Him. Although women 
were usually considered unfit and 
unable to learn the Mosaic law, 
Jesus allowed them to sit at His feet 
and thus become His pupils. There 
was neither precedent nor parallel 
in all of ancient Jewry for such be- 
havior on His part. 

Jesus addressed moral and social 
issues of His day every time He 
crafted a parable that included 
economic questions — and half of 
His parables do. He talked about the 
evils of cheating colleagues (Matt. 
18). He described employees who try 
to defraud their bosses (Matt. 20). 
He talked about a middle-manage- 
ment officer who was shrewd but 
dishonest (Luke 16). He held out the 
possiblity of helping other persons 
regardless of their racial back- 
ground, economic well-being, or 
ethnic origin (Luke 10). 

His parable of the Good Samari- 
tan, in fact, reverses the thinking of 
most people. The question that 
prompted the parable was the ques- 
tion of merit: "Who is my neighbor?" 
That is, who deserves my help? Who 
qualifies? But when Jesus finished 
the story, it was the other way 
around: "Who neighbored the man 
in trouble?" Neighbor, in other 
words, is not a noun — someone "out 
there." Neighbor is a verb. It de- 
scribes how I live my life for others 
from "in here." 

Those who follow Jesus, therefore, 
must take the initiative. They dare 
not wait for others to approach them 
with needs. They must be pursuing 
a course of action that will benefit 
others. Each thief in the story had 
said in effect, "What's yours is mine, 
and I mean to take it." The priest 
and the Levite had each said, "What's 

mine is mine, and I mean to keep 
it." The Samaritan had said, 
"What's mine is yours, and you're 
welcome to it." 

"The faithful church . . . 
will seek actively to 
bring healing in all its 
forms in the spirit and 
power of Christ." 

Isn't that what our Centennial 
Statement means? As servant, the 
church is to radiate God's love man- 
ifested in Jesus. Among believers 
we seek to express this love through 
mutual aid and care. In the world 
we seek to minister to the whole 
range of human needs. Service to 
others is in reality service to Christ 
and a necessary expression of our 

The love of God that we see in 
Jesus is cruciform — it bears the 
marks of the cross. It is a love that is 
marked by self-denial, self-empty- 
ing, and self-giving, all for the sake 
of others. Criticism, misunderstand- 
ing, and hatred cannot stop it. In 
order to get to the cross Jesus set 
His face like a flint, and those who 
follow Him must do likewise. The 
paradox of such a life cannot be un- 
derstood from the outside, for it is a 
family secret. Surrender in order to 
win, it says; give in order to get; die 
and you will live. 

With that attitude Jesus' first fol- 
lowers fanned out across the Roman 
Empire. Saul of Tarsus virtually set 
a social concerns agenda when he 
wrote of the unity that is the 
trademark of those who are in 
Christ; "There is neither Jew nor 
Greek, there is neither slave nor 
free, there is not 'male and female' " 
(Gal. 3:28). 

The Apostle lived and died for his 
dream of a religious society in which 
the ancient racial barriers between 
Jew and Gentile would be set aside. 
Much of his writing preserved in the 
New Testament testifies to that 
dream. He said little about the 

July/August 1988 

slave-free question and did nothing 
directly about this issue. But the 
seeds of the gospel which he planted 
bore fruit more than a thousand 
years later when slavery was out- 
lawed in the Christian West. And 
what of the redemptive reversal of 
the creation account; in Christ there 
is "not 'male and female' "? Will we 
witness in our day the dismantling 
of sexist barriers in the church and 
encourage women to participate in 
all levels of leadership? 

There remain a hundred other 
haunting questions. What about 
those who are homeless, the under- 
nourished, teenage runaways, the 
murder of unborn babies, the abuse 
of the elderly, the care of the envi- 
ronment, greedy multinational cor- 
porations, the molesting of children, 
systematic waste, the stockpiling of 
nuclear weapons, the pandering of 
pornography, the jailing of persons 
who think differently from a govern- 
ment, the condoning of widespread 
torture, the epidemics of substance 
abuse, AIDS, and venereal diseases? 
The faithful church, corporately and 
as individuals, will seek actively 
to bring healing in all its forms in 

the spirit and power of the living 

How did the Centennial Statement 
phrase it? Service to others is in real- 
ity service to Christ and a necessary 
expression of our obedience. There 
is only one other place where the 

"Who in our day will 

match Sauer's model as 

'witness and servant' 

of the One who can 

bring life in all its 


Statement describes something as "a 
necessary expression." Baptism, con- 
firmation. Communion, and anoint- 
ing are declared "necessary expres- 
sions of an obedient faith." The 
Brethren Church in the past has 
been identified by its unique ap- 
proach to these symbolic rites. Now 
it has gone on record as describing 
service to others — social concern — 
in exactly the same terms. Nothing 
could possibly be stronger so far as 
human wording can say it! 

Remember Christopher Sauer of 
Germantown? He tried to practice it 
all. Master of more than twenty 
trades, this self-taught genius used 
his newspaper as a public forum to 
spread Christian ideas of social 
value. He urged fair treatment for 
Indians, opposition to slavery, sup- 
port of the Quaker voting bloc in the 
legislature, and the practice of non- 
resistance to violence. From his sub- 
stantial income Sauer contributed 
liberally to the Pennsylvania Hospi- 
tal, which Benjamin Franklin had 
started. Sauer was so concerned 
about the deplorable state of Ger- 
man immigrants that he wrote often 
to the authorities, protesting their 
suffering and suggesting reforms to 
correct abuses in the system. As a 
final step, he went many times to 
the docks to meet incoming ships. 
He took refugees from them who 
were especially ill or needy into his 
own home to speed their recovery. 

Who in our day will match Sauer's 
model as "witness and servant" of 
the One who can bring life in all its 
fullness? Where are the Brethren in 
1988 who will follow him, as he fol- 
lowed Christ? [t] 

CALM (Church Administration 
for Leadership and Management) . . . 

a Church Growth Service 
of Ashland Theological Seminary 

CALM is: 

# an opportunity for pastors to engage in 
study with peers about aspects of 
leadership that affect church growth 
and development; 

% a series of tools, workshops, and wor- 
ship experiences designed to explore 
and improve personal effectiveness as 
a leader in church administration; 

• a team of Christian leaders with more 

than 50 years of professional church 
experience: Mary Ellen Drushal, Jerry 
R. Flora, and Douglas M. Little. 

CALM will: 

% conduct workshops for pastors on 
Tuesday and Thursday afternoons 
at General Conference, 2:00-3:15; 

# lead regional workshops in the fall 
(dates and places to be announced 

The Brethren Evangeust 

What is the Role of the Laity? 

THE POSITION of the Christian 
lay person in the twentieth cen- 
tury is a difficult one. This is be- 
cause when Christianity arose, it 
was largely a lay movement, 
whereas today the pastor is the key 
person. But the truth is, we cannot 
write either a history or a theology 
of the laity, for according to the New 
Testament, the whole church is the 
laos, the people of God. 

We see this first with the Apos- 
tles. They are described in Acts 4:13 
as "ordinary men of no education." 
Their only commendation was that 
"they had been with Jesus." Yet the 
startling, inexplicable fact was that 
they were instrumental in preaching 
the Gospel in the power of the Holy 
Spirit, evangelizing the then-known 
world, healing the hopelessly 
afflicted, calling down the judgment 
of God, and building the church. Ob- 
viously uneducated non-profession- 
als, they accomplished all of this in 
the name and the power of Jesus. 

Another place where lay people 
emerge in the New Testament is at 
gatherings for worship. Only 
snatches of what actually occurred is 
available to us in such texts as I 
Corinthians 11; 14:26-39; Ephesians 
5:19-20; and James 5:13-19. (Some 
scholars believe that the last refer- 
ence has within it an order of wor- 
ship from the early church). From 
these passages it is obvious that all 
the faithful were active in worship. 

Dr. Allison is Director of Doctoral 
Studies and professor of Christian edu- 
cation for Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary. This article is a summary of ideas 
he presented to the National Laymen's 
Organization at the 1987 General Con- 

July/August 1988 

By Richard E. Allison 

In fact, they became so active that 
Paul had to caution them to proceed 
"decently and with order." 

Lay persons also played a promi- 
nent part in the work of the church. 
In Acts chapter six, seven persons 
were elected to be in charge of the 
ministry to the impoverished. 
Ananias and Sapphira were a threat 
to the fledgling body not as clergy, 
but as lay people. 

Peter in his First Epistle makes 
the point that all believers are to be 
educated "to give an answer to 
everyone who asks you to give the 
reason for the hope that you have" 
(3:15, NIV). Education was not the 
sole right, nor the sole responsibil- 
ity, of the clergy. All are to be able 
to give a reason for their faith. 

It is Peter who uses the word laos, 
which is translated into English as 
lay people. The laos (I Pet. 2:9) are 
the "people of God." The New Testa- 
ment teaching is that all believers 
are the people of God. There is no 
such group as lay persons of whom 
less is expected, who are to remain 
unlearned, and whose only obliga- 
tions are to attend services led by 
professionals and to provide finan- 
cial support. 

The New Testament teaches in 
such places as Ephesians 4:11-16 
that every one of God's people is to 
grow up, mature, attain the "full- 
ness of Christ." At the same time, 
the body as a whole is to grow and 
function harmoniously. Thus there 
are expectations of individuals as 
well as of the body in the New Tes- 
tament's design for growth and 

These expectations are best at- 
tained, according to this text, when 
the "set apart ministry" spends its 

time, energy, and resources in 
equipping the laos (all God's faith- 
ful) to do the work of ministry. 
Ministry is not the work solely of 
the ordained. In the New Testament, 
ministry is universal. It belongs to 
all the people of God. Its base is the 
gift(s) the Spirit gives (I Pet. 4:10). 

What went awry? 

This is obviously not the descrip- 
tion of what one sees today. So what 
went awry? The mono-pastoral sys- 
tem (where one person is the sole 
shepherd of the flock) has contri- 
buted to the pastor viewing himself 
or herself not as a pastor but as a 
prophet. "Thus saith the Lord" is the 
trademark. This is a far cry from 
what Peter had in mind when he 
wrote to pastors saying, "Be 
shepherds of God's flock that is 
under your care, serving as over- 
seers — not because you must, but 
because you are willing . . . not lord- 
ing it over those entrusted to you, 
but being examples to the flock" (I 
Pet. 5:2, 5; Niv). 

Some scholars believe that there 
was a rapidly developing church 
structure within the New Testament 
period. In early Acts, there was a 
loose congregational polity, then the 
Pastoral Epistles reflect a highly 
structured system of elders and 
bishops. (Brethren have consistently 
emphasized a synonymous relation- 
ship between the terms pastor, 
elder, and bishop.) 

Other scholars say. Yes, the epis- 
tles do reflect a more complex or- 
ganization than Acts, but the above 
conclusions are incorrect. The Pas- 
toral Epistles were written to fledg- 
ling congregations that required a 
carefully structured beginning and 

'The New Testament teaching is that all believers are the people of God. 
There is no such group as lay persons of whom less is expected, who 
are to remain unlearned, and whose only obligations are to attend serv- 
ices led by professionals and to provide Gnancial support." 

early development. God's intent, 
however, was that they should grow 
and mature and therefore require 
less, not more, control. In Acts there 
is reflected the functioning of the 
more mature body. 

Clement of Rome (c. A.D. 95) was 
one of the first to use the term 
"layman," assigning that person a 
lesser role in the liturgy than that of 
deacons or elders. By the end of the 
third century the separation be- 
tween laity and clergy was complete. 
The great gulf was fixed. 

Reasons for this development 

The reasons offered for this de- 
velopment are two. First, there was 
the need to protect the church from 
heresy (Gnostics/Montanists). In- 
creasingly, converts to Christianity 
were coming from the masses. These 
persons were raw pagans with little 
or no knowledge of the scriptures. 
They brought with them a lot of bag- 
gage — mental images, ideas, and 
practices — that were antithetical to 
Christianity. The church, in order to 
manage the situation, became more 
structured. This brought greater 
uniformity to worship and disci- 
pline. The rights and authority 
which formerly were widely shared 
by the people of God became cen- 
tralized in the bishop. 

Second, the prevailing Graeco- 
Roman culture in municipal admin- 
istration had two parts. The first 
was the cleros (clergy) or magis- 
trates, and the second was the laos 
(laity), the ignorant masses. Thus 
the civil organization of the day 
found its way into the church and 
was baptized. This idea still afflicts 
us. For instance, the dictionary de- 
fines "layman" as a person who is 
not a clergy, or a person who is not 
expert in some field. 

Change in the separation of laity 
and clergy doesn't come until the 
Reformation of Martin Luther. 
Luther spoke about the priesthood of 
all believers. We must remember, 
however, that the major problem 
Luther faced was that of the priestly 
mediator. Luther's emphasis was an 

insistence that all Christians have 
direct access to God. The second as- 
pect of the doctrine, the role of the 
believer-priest in ministry, was left 
undeveloped. Anabaptists have been 
one group that have attempted to as- 
sert that every Christian is a priest 
and every priest has a ministry. And 
that is where the situation remains 

The task is to bring about the full 
employment of the people of God. 
This calls for the abolition of the dis- 
tinction betwen clergy and laity. 
Now the question is, how can this 
radical transformation of the whole 
people of God into a ministering 
people be brought about? 

The church is uniquely equipped 
to accomplish this task. Scripture 
assumes that the local church is the 
context in which this can happen 
best. That's why the Apostle Paul 
sensitively and with great concern 
spent two years instructing the 
Christians at Corinth. It was not 
happening there, and it should have 

The local church is the context be- 
cause here it happens relationally. 
We learn best through relationship. 
Jesus worked with the twelve. Paul 
traveled with an entourage. The 
first church in Acts consisted of a 
small group of believers in Jesus. 
They acted relationally as a unit, 
with "one mind and in one accord." 

Gathering and dispersing 

Because the church has a rhythm 
of gathering and dispersing, train- 
ing is related to life. The congrega- 
tion does not remain in the 
sanctuary. The body gathers to 
praise God, encourage one another, 
and to be equipped for ministry. 

The ministry of any congregation 
is the sum total of the gift(s) the 
Holy Spirit has given to the mem- 
bership. The body is where one 
learns the scripture's teachings 
about gifts, where one identifies his/ 
her own gift(s), where one practices 
his/her gifts, where gifts are af- 
firmed, and where one is responsible 
for the ministry of a gift. 

But the church does not major in 
gifts. That's not its focus. The focus 
is character. The expression of gift(s) 
is a part of the maturing person in 

The church has the time to work 
at this project. It's already been 
around nearly two thousand years, 
and it will still be here when Jesus 

lUlodels we can imitate 

Models for accomplishing the full 
employment of God's people are 
found in the New Testament and are 
identified by R. Paul Stevens in his 
book Liberating the Laity. He says 
there are three: (1) the walking sem- 
inary, (2) the school in the market- 
place, and (3) the retreat. 

The walking seminary is illus- 
trated by Paul, who used his mis- 
sionary journeys as opportunities to 
equip persons for ministry. At 
Corinth, Paul worked with fellow- 
tentmakers, Aquila and Priscilla, 
equipping them for ministry (Acts 
18:24-26). Church leaders can do the 
same today by employing the walk- 
ing seminary. 

The school in the marketplace is 
also illustrated by Paul. In Ephesus 
he rented the hall of Tyrannus and 
taught followers of Jesus for two 
years to the end that all those "in 
the province of Asia heard the word 
of the Lord" (Acts 19:10, NIV). For- 
mal instruction has its place and 
purpose, but it must go beyond "lis- 
tening and talking." 

The retreat model was employed 
by Jesus. On retreat, Jesus led the 
disciples into aggressive ministry 
and then reassembled them for de- 
briefing (see Mark 1:35; 3:13; 4:35; 
6:30; 7:24; 8:27; 9:2; 14:17). A re- 
treat provides a new setting, free 
from distractions, where purpose 
and vision can be renewed. 

Laity are the people of God. The 
purpose is clear: They are to be 
equipped for ministry. The plan is 
clear: The church has several scrip- 
tural models from which to choose. 
The task is to bring about the full 
employment of the people of God. [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Readers' Forum 

A column in which readers can share their thoughts and views with the Brethren. 

How Shall We Use Our Tithes? 

This letter is in response to the arti- 
cle "Why Do Pastors Leave The Breth- 
ren Church? (And What Can We Do 
About It?)," which appeared in the 
June issue of the Evangelist. 

I believe that the anonymous author 
of the article has done The Brethren 
Church a great service in bringing to 
light a serious and pressing issue 
within the denomination. . . . All [his] 
points were well made and well taken, 
and we would do well to heed the mes- 
sage of the article. Quite literally, our 
pastors deserve their just rewards. 

However, I feel that I must take ex- 
ception to one point raised in the arti- 
cle. The author argues that the finan- 
cial needs of Brethren pastors would 
be alleviated if all of the members of 
The Brethren Church would bring 
their tithes and offerings to the local 
church. The author implies, in fact, 
that if we do not do this, then we may 
be squandering our money on causes 
that misuse funds that are intended 
for the Lord's work. 

Certainly, we are all aware of the fi- 
nancial abuses that have taken place 
in some Christian ministries during 
the past few years. Certainly, we have 
a right to expect, and even demand, fi- 
nancial accountability from all Chris- 
tian ministries. However, I think it 
should also be pointed out that there 
are many, many Christian ministries 
not affiliated with The Brethren 
Church that are, in fact, "good causes'" 
that deserve our financial support. 

Speaking from my own personal ex- 
perience, I have friends and family 
who are currently serving the Lord as 

missionaries in Taiwan, Central 
America, the Philippines, and West 
Germany. Other friends serve as cam- 
pus ministers with InterVarsity Chris- 
tian Fellowship and Campus Crusade 
for Christ. Another friend is the direc- 
tor of a Christian Halfway House that 
ministers to the poor, the homeless, 
the mentally ill, alcoholics, and drug 
addicts. Each one of them is doing the 
work of the Lord, is above reproach in 
terms of his or her personal commit- 
ment to Christ, is financially account- 
able, and, most significantly, is totally 
dependent on the goodwill tithes and 
offerings of people like you and me to 
sustain the ministry. Surely there is 
room for these people in the prayers 
and financial support of The Brethren 

I strongly object to the idea that our 
tithes and off'erings should be solely 
dedicated to one particular ministry or 
one particular denomination. First, 
this idea cannot be supported scriptur- 
ally. Malachi 3:7-10 certainly teaches 
that we should not withhold our tithes 
and offerings from the Lord, but it in 
no way indicates that those tithes and 
offerings must be given solely or even 
primarily to the local church. That 
teaching is common throughout all de- 
nominations, but let me repeat again 
— it is not found in the Scriptures. 

Second, this idea robs us of oppor- 
tunities to support ministries that are 
not currently available within The 
Brethren Church. If every church 
applied the reasoning presented in the 
article, then my friend who runs the 
Christian Halfway House would sim- 

ply be out of luck (and out of money!). 

This leads us to a dilemma. Our pas- 
tors need and deserve better salaries. 
They need to feel that the work that 
they do, the most important work in 
the world, is respected and esteemed 
by their local congregations and by 
the denomination. And yet, I pray that 
as we work toward this goal, we would 
not lose sight of the fact that our iden- 
tity as Brethren is secondary to our 
identity as Christians, and that part of 
our calling as Christians is to pray for 
and support ministries that lead men 
to Christ and that furthers God's 
Kingdom here on earth, wherever 
those ministries may be found. 

Should we increase our tithes and 
offerings to the local church? Yes, ab- 
solutely. Our pastors deserve better. 
Should we increase our tithes and of- 
ferings to ministries that may be out- 
side The Brethren Church? Yes, I be- 
lieve that we should. Am I a hopeless 
idealist? I hope not. 

I don't have any easy answers to 
offer as a solution. In fact, I only have 
some difficult questions. Where are 
our priorities? Does the way that we 
spend our money indicate what is 
truly important in our lives? Do we 
really believe that the Lord is worthy 
of the firstfruits of our labors, or are 
we content to give Him the leftovers? 
The anonymous pastor's article has 
challenged me to ask those questions 
again. I pray that we would all do the 

Andy Whitman 

Westerville, Ohio 

Smoky Row Brethren Church 

^^ Pontius' Puddle 


^^^^ iroi j^^U VSi^^^ 


July/August 1988 


But What Would Jesus Do? 

By Jeff Weidenhamer, Secretary, Peace Committee 

IN MY DAYS as a student at Ash- 
land College, some of my spiritual 
high points were the annual 
"Jubilee" conferences in Pittsburgh, 
sponsored by the Coalition for Chris- 
tian Outreach. College students 
from all over Ohio, West Virginia, 
and Pennsylvania gathered for a 
weekend to hear speakers from all 
walks of life talk about what it 
means to be a disciple of Christ in 
education, medicine, science, his- 
tory, politics, and the arts. 

There were also keynote speakers 
who spoke several times during the 
Conference. One of my favorites, 
from whom I've never quite recov- 
ered (and I hope I never do), was Dr. 
Anthony Compolo, a professor of 
sociology and Baptist evangelist, 
who presented us with a message of 
discipleship and concern for the 
world that stirred me deeply. 

I recently had the opportunity to 
hear Tony Compolo again, this time 
by tape recording, speaking to stu- 
dents at the Urbana 87 Missions 
Convention. Again, in his own inim- 
itable way, with an earnestness for 
the Lord and God's kingdom, he put 
Jesus' call to whole-hearted disci- 
pleship to the students gathered 

Some of what he said bears di- 
rectly on the question of whether the 
followers of Jesus should ever take 
up arms. Quoting Dr. Compolo: 

Jesus says, quite simply, "Read 
My Book. Read My Scriptures. 
Learn of Me. And then, in your 
everyday life, be like Me." Let 
this mind be in you which was 
also in Christ Jesus. To be a fol- 
lower of the biblical Jesus is to do 
exactly what the biblical Jesus 
would do if the biblical Jesus was 
in your shoes and in your cir- 

Nothing is more controversial 
than to be a follower and a disci- 
ple of Jesus Christ. Nothing is 

more dangerous than to live out 
the will of Jesus in today's world. 

It's dangerous. ... I worry 
about a church that has forgotten 
what the Bible teaches. We 
evangelicals are crazy. We work 
overtime proving that the Bible is 
inerrant, and after we do, then we 
refuse to accept what it says. It . . 

means we have to be radical in 
all kinds of ways. 

When I became a Christian, the 
Korean War was in progress. ... I 
didn't know whether to accept the 
draft or what to do. And I had a 
conversation with a Colonel. And 
we argued back and forth. And he 
said to me. "What's your prob- 

lem?" I said, "My problem is I 
want to do what Jesus would do." 
He said, "Could you get in a 
plane, fly over an enemy village 
and drop bombs?" I said, "I could 
get in the plane, I could fly over 
the enemy village, but when I put 
my hand on the throttle and I was 
about to release the bombs, at 
that moment, I would have to say, 
Jesus, if you were in my place 
would you drop the bombs?" 

And I remember the Colonel 
yelling back at me, "That's the 
dumbest thing I ever heard! 
Everybody knows Jesus wouldn't 
drop bombs." Or do we? It is, at 
least, something to think about, [t] 



Tuesday Evening 

9:00 p.m. 

"In the Nuclear Shadow" 

A 26-minute film that investi- 
gates the threat of nuclear war 
from the perspective of children. 
The 27 children interviewed ex- 
press anger at adults for not 
being able to settle their differ- 
ences without war or the threat of 
war. They candidly talk about 
their fears, their dreams, and their 
concern for a future they are 
afraid they will not have. It carries 
a strong message for adults. 

Awards: First place documen- 
tary at the Atlanta International 
Film Festival and the Best Film in 
the educational category at the 
San Francisco International Film 

Thursday Afternoon 

2:00 p.m. Workshop 

"Active Nonviolence: 

A Possible Alternative 

to Violence for 

Resolving Conflict" 

This 27-minute slide set ex- 
amines the use of active nonvio- 
lence throughout history: 

— Quaker refusal to bear arms 

in colonial America. 

— The antislavery movement 

of the 1800's. 

— Nonviolent resistance to 

Nazi deportation of Jews 
in World War II. 

— The civil rights movement 

of the early 1960's. 

It shows how organized nonvio- 
lence offers a more humane way 
to resolve conflict on all levels. 


The Brethren Evangeust 

Let Us Be Brethren 

"For one is your Master, even Christ; 
and all ye are brethren. " 

Matthew 23:8 

Thoughts On 
General Conference 

By Moderator Dale R. Stoffer 

Note: This article is a revised version 
of one I wrote for the July 1983 Evangel- 
ist during our denomination's centennial 
year and just prior to General Confer- 
ence. It is presented again because the 
counsel it contains is just as valid now as 
it was then. 

the 100th General Conference of 
The Brethren Church. Both this oc- 
casion and our Conference theme, 
"Let Us Be Brethren," make it ap- 
propriate for us to reflect upon the 
special meaning of our annual 
gathering of Brethren. The best clue 
to the significance of Conference is 
found in the name which we have 
assumed for ourselves, "Brethren." 
This very designation indicates that 
our annual gatherings have the 
character of a family reunion. As 
brothers and sisters in Christ, we 
come together to share the exciting 
news of what Christ has been doing 
in our local congregations. And we 
jointly have our minds enlightened, 
our hearts enkindled, and our spirits 
enlivened to serve the Lord in our 
home churches. 

But is this holy fellowship of be- 
lievers all that is meant by our 
name "Brethren"? Or does our unity 
involve more than physical together- 
ness and spiritual kinship? 

One in mind 

A very important scriptural truth 
that was traditionally very impor- 
tant to the Brethren has been gradu- 

ally diminished by our American 
emphasis on individualism. Scrip- 
ture speaks repeatedly of being not 
only one in spirit, but also one in 
mind. (See, for instance, Rom. 12:16; 
15:5; I Cor. 1:10; II Cor. 13:11; Phil. 
2:2; 4:2; I Pet. 3:8.) 

The reason for this scriptural em- 
phasis was that the apostolic church 
understood that unity of mind as 
well as unity of spirit was a special 
part of the Holy Spirit's work in be- 
lievers. In reporting the decision of 
the Jerusalem Council in Acts 15, 
the leaders of the church viewed the 
consensus that had developed as an 
expression of the Holy Spirit's work 
in their midst (see Acts 15:23-29, 
especially verses 25, 28). 

A continual goal 

The Brethren likewise believed 
that striving for oneness of mind 
was a goal that should be continu- 
ally before the Brotherhood. It was 
affirmed that when the believers 
were united in their devotion to the 
truth and were knit together by love 
and humility, the Holy Spirit would 
lead them to a decision pleasing to 
God. As one recent body of Brethren 
stated: "If the issues that the future 
holds for us are to be resolved in a 
manner pleasing to God, it must be 
through the unity of the Spirit work- 
ing in and through the Church as 
the Body of Christ." 

For such a process to occur, sev- 
eral conditions are necessary. First 

and foremost, all members of the 
body must have the same founda- 
tion: uncompromising commitment 
to Christ and His word. 

Second, all viewpoints must be 
openly and frankly discussed. There 
is no place for "hidden agendas" that 
are never exposed. 

Third, all participants must share 
a willingness to be open to other op- 
tions. Failure in this may stifle the 
Holy Spirit's ability to work. 

Fourth, the members of the body 
should practice forbearance toward 
one another. When no clear decision 
is evident (the old Brethren used to 
delay a decision until a large major- 
ity was attained), this forbearance 
should express itself in a willingness 
to wait until an unmistakable con- 
sensus has developed. 

Fifth, all must evidence a willing- 
ness to submit to a decision once the 
mind of the Brethren has been ex- 

Enveloped with love 

Finally, the entire process must be 
enveloped with a deep love for one 
another that will not be shaken by 
differences of opinion or by a deci- 
sion that does not go my way. 

The genius of the Brethren deci- 
son-making process is the belief that 
my inner commitment to abide by a 
joint decision guided by the Holy 
Spirit is far more powerful and effec- 
tive than an external mandate forced 
upon me by a body in which I may or 
may not have any voice. But the 
only way this form of government 
works is if each member of the body 
(both individuals and individual 
congregations) assumes the respon- 
siblity it has pledged itself to by 
being a member of the Brotherhood. 
This responsibility includes every 
area of church life; representation at 
Conference, financial support of all 
denominational ministries, willing- 
ness to abide by decisions jointly 

Let us be Brethren at this 100th 
General Conference by striving to be 
not only one in spirit but also one in 
mind. We are "Brethren" only to the 
extent that we "preserve the unity of 
the Spirit in the bond of peace" 
(Eph. 4:3). [t] 

July/August 1988 


General Conference Preview 

"Let Us Be Brethren" 

Matthew 23:8 

The 100th General Conference of 
The Brethren Church 

August 1-5, Ashland College, Ashland, Ohio 

This year's meeting in August has special signifi- 
cance, for it is the 100th General Conference of Breth- 
ren Churches. If you recall that we celebrated the 
Centennial Anniversary of The Brethren Church sev- 
eral years ago (in 1983) and wonder why we are now 
observing the 100th General Conference, the explana- 
tion is this: for the first few years of the church. Con- 
ferences were not held every year. 

In recognition of this milestone in our church his- 
tory, the theme for this year's General Conference is 
"Let Us Be Brethren." And in recognition of that 
theme, all the speakers for the morning and evening 
inspirational sessions are Brethren elders who will 
speak on topics significant to the Brethren. 

The Conference will open with a family worship 
hour on Monday evening at seven o'clock. Our Breth- 

ren heritage (as well as our future), will be the focus 
of this session also, as the Conference looks at "Vis- 
itors from Our Past" and "Challenges for the Future." 

Moderator Dale Stoffer will present his address 
during the inspirational hour on Tuesday morning at 
nine o'clock. As the leading historian of The Brethren 
Church and the person who chose the "Let Us Be 
Brethren" theme. Dr. Stoffer will present a message 
that will set the tone for the remainder of the week. 

Rev. William Kerner, Home Missions Supervisor 
for the Missionary Board, will present the message 
during the seven o'clock evening worship hour on 
Tuesday. Rev. Kerner served several years in the pas- 
torate, then for six and one half years as Director of 
Pastoral Ministries for The Brethren Church before 
(continued on next page) 

Conference Schedule 

Monday, August 1 

2:00 p.m. Recreation on College Quadrangle 
4:30 p.m. Picnic on College Quadrangle (Redwood 

7:00 p.m. Family Worship Hour — "Visitors from Our 

Past," "Challenges for the Future" 
9:00 p.m. Fellowship/Reception 

Tuesday, Augxist 2 

8:15 a.m. Prayer Session 

9:00 a.m. Inspirational Hour with address by 

Moderator Dr. Dale Stoffer 
10:00 a.m. Opening Business Session 
12:15 p.m. BCE Luncheon** 
2:15 p.m. Workshops 
3:30 p.m. Auxiliary Sessions 
5:30 p.m. World Relief Banquet** 
7:00 p.m. Evening Worship. "The Lordship of Christ" 

— Rev. William Kerner 
9:00 p.m. Peace Committee Presentation — film, "In 

the Nuclear Shadow" 

Wednesday, August 3 

7:30 a.m. Ministers' Wives Continental Breakfast 

8:30 a.m. Auxiliary Sessions 
10:15 a.m. Inspirational Hour. "Importance of 
Scripture" — Rev. Robert Westfall 
11:00 a.m. Business Session 
12:15 p.m. Benevolent Board Senior Saints Luncheon** 

Wednesday, August 3, continued 

1:30 p.m. Recreation/Free Time 
Crusader Review 

Evening Worship. "A Call to Service" 
— Rev. Leroy Solomon 
Linda Ebert in Concert 

6:00 p.m. 
7:00 p.m. 



Thursday, August 4 

8:15 a.m. Prayer Session 

9:00 a.m. Inspirational Hour. "Importance of Account- 
ability" — Dr. Arden Gilmer 
10:00 a.m. Business Session 
12:15 p.m. W.M.S. Luncheon 
Laymen's Picnic 

2:15 p.m. Workshops 

3:30 p.m. Auxiliary Sessions 

5:00 p.m. Missionary Board Banquet** 

7:30 p.m. Evening Worship. "Historic Brethren 
Emphases" — Dr. Jerry Flora 

Friday, August 5 

8:00 a.m. Organizational meetings for General 

Conference Committees 
8:15 a.m. Prayer Session 
9:00 a.m. Inspirational Hour. "Mutual Commitment 

and Love" — Dr. Fred Finks 
10:00 a.m. Business Session 
12:15 p.m. Conclusion of Conference 
**Meals require advanced registration. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

(continued from previous page) 
taking his present position in April 1987. He will be 
speaking on "The Lordship of Christ." 

Rev. Robert Westfall, pastor of the First Brethren 
Church of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, will speak during the 
inspirational session on Wednesday morning. He will 
focus on "The Importance of Scripture." Rev. Westfall, 
in his first pastorate at Pleasant Hill, is the youngest 
of the inspirational speakers. 

"A Call to Service" will be the topic of a message by 
Rev. Leroy Solomon during the seven o'clock evening 
worship on Wednesday. Rev. Solomon, pastor of the 

Conference Moderator 

Dr. Dale E. Stoffer, pastor 
of the Smoky Row Brethren 
Church of Columbus, Ohio, 
will moderate this year's 
General Conference. 

Son of Thomas and Donna 
(the National W.M.S. presi- 
dent) Stoffer, Dale grew up 
in the Canton, Ohio, Trinity 
Brethren Church, studied at 
Ashland College (B.A. 1972) 
and Ashland Theological 
Seminary (M.Div. 1975), 
and did graduate work at 
Fuller Theological Seminary (Ph.D. 1980). He began 
the Smoky Row Church as a Home Missions class in 
1980, and it has since grown to an average worship 
attendance of around 70. 

In addition to his pastoral responsibilities, Dr. Stof- 
fer serves as part-time assistant professor of histori- 

General Conference Preview 

Winding Waters Brethren Church in Elkhart, Ind., 
has also pastored the Smithville and Gretna, Ohio, 
Brethren Churches. 

Dr. Arden Gilmer will speak on the "Importance of 
Accountability" during the Thursday morning inspi- 
rational period. Currently completing his ninth year 
as pastor of the First Brethren Church (Park Street) 
in Ashland, Dr. Gilmer served from 1975 to 1979 as 
Director of Church Growth and Home Missions for 
the Missionary Board and prior to that as pastor of 
the Pleasant View Brethren Church in Vandergrift, 

The speaker for the Thursday evening worship 
service will be Dr. Jerry Flora, professor of New Tes- 
tament theology at Ashland Theological Seminary. 
Before coming to the seminary in 1972, he served 
Brethren pastorates in Washington, D.C., and New 
Paris, Ind. He will be speaking on "Historic Brethren 

The concluding message in this series by Brethren 
elders will be presented by Dr. Fred Finks at 9:00 
a.m. on Friday. Dr. Finks, vice-president of Ashland 
Theological Seminary since 1982, will speak on 
"Mutual Commitment and Love." Dr. Finks came to 
the seminary from a very successful pastorate at the 
Winding Waters Brethren Church in Elkhart, Ind. 

cal theology at Ashland Theological Seminary, and as 
a church planting consultant for the Missionary 
Board. He and his wife, Marcia, have two children. 
Dr. Stoffer will present his moderator's address to 
the Conference at 9:00 a.m. on Tuesday and preside 
over the business sessions from ten o'clock to noon on 
Tuesday through Friday. 

BYC Convention 

"Awesome '88" will be the theme and Psalm 145:3- 
7 the theme text for the BYC Convention, to be held 
concurrently with General Conference. Following are 
highlights of what's planned for the week. 

The Convention will get underway Monday eve- 
ning at six o'clock with a BYC Praise Service, to fix 
mind and heart on our "Awesome God." After joining 
adults for the General Conference opening worship 
service at seven, youth will conclude the evening with 
roller skating at the Ashland Rollercade. 

Tuesday will feature the opening business session 
and BYC Moderator's address at 10:00 a.m. and a 
Coffee House at 9:00 p.m., with a lot of activities 
scheduled in between. The Coffee House will be a 
time for youth to display their talents, enjoy one 
another's fellowship, and learn who receives the Mod- 
erator's Cup this year. 

' Psalm 145. 37 ^ " 

LLiirHi? Convention 

Aug. 1-5, 1988 

Ashland, OH 

Wednesday will be full 
of special activities, starting with an address by Gen- 
eral Conference Moderator Dale Stoffer to the Con- 
vention at 9:00 a.m. Following an afternoon of recre- 
ation, including some activities with Brethren pas- 
tors, the annual Crusader Review will take place at 
6:00 p.m. followed by the Youth March into the Gen- 
eral Conference worship service at 7:00. A 9:00 p.m. 
concert by Ashland artist Linda Ebert and her band 
will round out the day. 

Highlights of Thursday's agenda are the final bus- 
iness session at 10:00 a.m., a Missions Banquet (with 
the adults) at 5:00 p.m., and — the high point of the 
week for many — Communion at 9:00 p.m. 

On Friday, an entire morning of singing, praying, 
and worshiping is planned in the Convention's first- 
ever Farewell Fellowship. 

July/August 1988 


General Conference Preview 

W.M.S. Sessions 

"Let Us Be Brethren - In the Light" will be the 
theme and John 8:12 the theme verse for the 
Woman's Missionary Society sessions at General Con- 
ference. Roberta Gilmer will serve as pianist for the 
sessions, Nancy Hunn as song leader (she also wrote 
the theme song), and Carol Gilbert as devotional 

The Tuesday afternoon session will feature special 
music by the McPherson sisters and daughters, and 
the president's challenge by Donna Stoffer. Election 
of officers will also be conducted during this session. 

During the Wednesday morning session, the Bar- 
nett family will present special music and the annual 
memorial service will be held. 

The annual W.M.S. luncheon will be held Thursday 
at 12:15 p.m., during which the project ingathering 
will be conducted. Kathy Keck will present special 
music for this luncheon, Linda Barr will conduct de- 
votions, and Suzanne Barr will provide the program, 
entitled "Suzy Anne Comes to Conference." 

For the concluding session on Thursday afternoon, 
Suzy Stout will share special music and the South 
Bend society will conduct the receiving of the Thank 

Banquets and Luncheons 

Two banquets are planned for Conference this year, 
one sponsored by the World Relief Board and the 
other by the Missionary Board in cooperation with 
Ashland College. 

Dr. Jerry Ballard, Executive Director of World Re- 
lief Corporation of the National Association of 
Evangelicals, will be the speaker for the World Relief 
Banquet Tuesday evening at 5:30. According to World 
Relief Board president Rev. Marlin McCann, this will 
be a full banquet, not a "soup supper." Tickets are 

The speaker for the Missionary Board Banquet, 
scheduled for Thursday evening at 5:00, will be Dr. 
Wade Coggins, Executive 
Director of the Evangelical 
Foreign Missions Association, 
an affiliate of the National 
Association of Evangelicals. 
This banquet is free (thanks 
to Ashland College and its 
president. Dr. Joseph Shultz!), 
but reservations are required 
(see below). A free-will offer- 
ing will be received during 
the banquet, which will go to- 
ward the establishment of a 
"Missionary Kids Scholar- 
Dr. Wade Coggins ship" for children of Brethren 

Laymen's Sessions 

Dr. Donald Kelley and Mr. David Bush will present 
inspirational addresses for the National Laymen's Or- 
ganization sessions at General Conference. 

Dr. Kelley, a medical doctor from Sarver, Pa., who 
gave up his practice to attend Ashland Theological 
Seminary and prepare for Christian ministry, will 
speak during the Tuesday afternoon Laymen's session 
on the subject "Laymen Are Called to Serve." Mr. 
Bush, owner/operator of a medical supply business in 
Nappanee, Ind., and a member of the Nappanee First 
Brethren Church, will address the Laymen during 
the Wednesday morning session on the topic "The 
Layman's Challenge to Serve." 

Conference Thursday will offer several activities 
for the Laymen, beginning with a men and boys pizza 
picnic at 12:15 p.m. All men (including pastors) are 
invited to this event, which will be held at Ashland 
Theological Seminary. During the picnic. Goal 
Achievement Awards will be presented to local 
laymen's groups. Later that afternoon, at 2:15, Dr. 
Fred Finks, vice-president of Ashland Theological 
Seminary, will lead a workshop for Laymen and pas- 
tors entitled "Partners in Ministry." 

In addition to the above activities, the NLO will 
hold three business sessions — on Tuesday and 
Thursday afternoons and Wednesday morning. These 
sessions, led by NLO president Gene A. Geaslen, will 
include reports from officers and committees, elec- 
tions (Wed. morning), ingathering of project offerings 
each day, a memorial service (on Thurs.), and discus- 
sion of action on a proposed constitution and bylaws. 

Notice From Executive Council 

The General Conference Executive Council is re- 
questing that all items of business that delegates are 
planning to introduce on the Conference floor be pre- 
sented to the Conference Secretary (Norma Waters) 
and Moderator no later than Monday of Conference 
week. You may mail your business items to the Secre- 
tary and Moderator prior to Conference or leave them 
at the registration table when you pick up your dele- 
gate packet on Monday of Conference week. This pro- 
cedure will expedite our handling of new business. 
Thank you. Moderator Dale R. Stoffer 

missionaries who attend Ashland College. 

In addition to these two banquets, a Board of Chris- 
tian Education sponsored luncheon is scheduled for 
Tuesday at 12:15 p.m., a Benevolent Board sponsored 
Senior Saints Luncheon on Wednesday at 12:15 p.m., 
and a W.M.S. Luncheon and a picnic for Laymen, pas- 
tors, and boys, both at 12:15 p.m. on Thursday. 

Advance reservations are required for all banquets 
and luncheons. See the reservation form in the June 
Evangelist for details. 


The Brethren Evangeust 

General Conference Preview 

General Conference Workshops 

Twelve workshops on a variety of subjects are 
planned for Tuesday and Thursday afternoons of Gen- 
eral Conference — from 2:15 to 3:15. 

Three of these are two-part workshops, with the 
first session on Tuesday and the second on Thursday. 
They include the following: 

"CALM — Church Administration for Leadership 
and Management," sponsored 
by Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary. (For more information on 
this workshop, see page 6.) 

"Planning, Preparing, and 
Preserving Evangelistic and 
Revival Services," sponsored by 
the General Conference Evan- 
gelism Committee. (More infor- 
mation at right.) 

"Outreach Through Support 
Groups," also sponsored by the 
General Conference Evangel- 
ism Committee. (More informa- 
tion at right.) 

Workshops scheduled for only 
Tuesday are as follows: 

"Academic Programs," spon- 
sored by Ashland College. 

"Abortion Study Paper," 
sponsored by the General Con- 
ference Social Concerns Com- 

"Estate Planning," sponsored 
by the General Conference 
Stewardship Committee. 

"Brethren Missions — Every- 
thing You've Always Wanted to 
Know . . . and Never Had a 
Chance to Ask," sponsored by 
the Missionary Board. 

Workshops scheduled only for 
Thursday include the following: 

"The Art of Storytelling," 
sponsored by the Woman's Mis- 
sionary Society. 

"Active Nonviolence: A Possi- 
ble Alternative to Violence for 
Resolving Conflict," sponsored 
by the General Conference 

Peace Committee. (See page 10 for more information.) 
"The Brethren Foundation," sponsored by the Gen- 
eral Conference Stewardship Committee. 

"Disaster Child Care," sponsored by the World Re- 
lief Board. 

"Discovering and Using the Spiritual Gifts of the 
Laity," sponsored by the Board of Christian Education. 

Brethren Publishing Company 
Annual Corporation Meeting 
The annual corporation meeting of ttie 
Brettiren Publishing Company will be held 
Thursday, August 4, 1988, during the 10:00 
a.m. (EDT) business session of the General 
Conference of The Brethren Church. The 
meeting will be held in the John C. Myers 
Convocation Center, Ashland College, Ash- 
land, Ohio. Delegates to the General Confer- 
ence constitute the membership of the 
corporation. Alvin Shifflett, Secretary 

General Conference Equipping Workshops for 
Revival Services and Outreach Ministries 

Sponsored by the General Conference Evangelism Committee 

Searching for good material to help strengthen your upcoming revival 
service or to foster creative outreach strategies in your local congregation? 
The General Conference Evangelism Committee has done the groundwork 
for you! Described below are two excellent workshops and related re- 
sources which will be available during the Tuesday and Thursday work- 
shop sessions (2:0(3-3:15 p.m.) at the 1988 Brethren Church National Con- 


(Part 1 — Tuesday; Part 2 — Thursday) 

Based upon careful research and practical methodology seasoned by 
five decades of pastoral ministry, the material for this workshop was selec- 
tively gleaned from Dr. J. Ray Klingensmith's seminary thesis by the work- 
shop facilitators Keith Hensley and James F. Black. 

Part one will provide solid biblical insights into the role, function, and 
office of the evangelist. Part two will furnish the "hands-on practical appli- 
cations" for planning, preparing, and preserving evangelistic and revival 
services in the local church. Parts one and two are combined in a paper- 
back book which will be available in limited edition (100 copies at $2.00 per 
copy) for workshop participants or interested conference attenders. 

For those who wish they had some written guidelines for improving 
their evangelistic services and expanding the impact they have on a church 
and community, this workshop is a must! 


(Part 1 — Tuesday; Part 2 — Thursday) 

How are you responding to the physical, emotional, and spiritual 
needs of the bereaved, deaf, divorced, sight impaired, sexually abused, 
suicide-survivor-victims, international students, unchurched youth, and 
those limited by age or a physical handicap who require practical assist- 
ance in your community? 

This workshop, facilitated by Mike Gleason and Doris Shultz, will pro- 
vide you with the practical insights you need for developing outreach minis- 
tries to serve the various need groups represented in your community. Part 
one will provide biblical insights accompanied by a useful "step by step" 
manual ($1.00 per copy), which details the process of developing outreach 
through support groups. Part two will provide workshop attenders with the 
opportunity to meet with many of the lay leaders who help to facilitate the 
various outreach ministries of the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church, 
who will respond to specific "how to" questions. 

k A A I 

July/ August 1988 




Dr. J.D. Hamel Honored 
At Retirement Reception 

Sarasota, Fla. — Members of the 
First Brethren Church of Sarasota 
honored their pastor, Dr. J.D. Hamel, 
and his wife Jean with a reception on 
Sunday afternoon, March 27, in recog- 
nition of Dr. Hamel's retirement from 
the pastoral ministry. 

Dr. Hamel, 64, spent more than 40 
years in pastoral service, the last 28 of 
those at the Sarasota Church. 

Hamel pastored his first congrega- 
tion — the Fair Haven Brethren 
Church near Ashland, Ohio — from 
1946 to 1951, while a student at Ash- 
land College and Seminary. After re- 
ceiving a B.S. in Education degree in 
1949 from the college and a Master of 
Religious Education degree in 1951 
from Ashland Theological Seminary, 
he accepted a call (in 1951) to the 
Lanark, 111., First Brethren Church. 
From there he moved to the First 
Brethren Church of South Bend, Ind., 
in 1953. 

It was while he was at South Bend 
that he received a call from the Mis- 
sionary Board to become pastor of the 
mission church in Sarasota, Fla. He 
began serving this congregation of 70 
members on February 1, 1960. 

During his more than 28 years at 
this church, the congregation grew 
from a small mission church to one of 
the largest congregations in the de- 
nomination. Pastor Hamel baptized 
975 (including his grandson Jonathan 
Brenner, whom he baptized the day 
before his retirement reception), and 
he received more than 700 into the 
church by transfer of letter. 

The church facilities also expanded 
accordingly during these 28 years. An 
educational building was dedicated on 
February 16, 1964. And on December 
27 a new sanctuary with a seating ca- 
pacity of over 800 was dedicated. The 
current value of the church facilities 
— which include the sanctuary, educa- 
tional building, Vanator Fellowship 
Hall (the original sanctuary), the 
Helen Vanator Cottage, the parson- 
age, and the parking areas — is over 
one million dollars — all debt free. 

Dr. Hamel and the Sarasota congre- 
gation were also active in various 
forms of outreach during his pastoral 
ministry. In 1967 they began broad- 
casting a radio program. The Brethren 
Hour, which is now aired on stations 
in the U.S. and around the world. In 

1973 the church gave 
birth to a daughter 
congregation, the Bra- 
denton Brethren 
Church. And in 1979 
they sponsored a min- 
istry to Hispanics, 
which has since devel- 
oped into a separate 
congregation of the 
Sarasota Church, 
known as Iglesia His- 
pana de los Hermanos. 

In addition to his 
pastoral duties and 
his work with the 
radio ministry, Dr. 
Hamel also served as 

The following account of the recep- 
tion for the Hamels was written by f\/lrs. 
Billie Barth, reporter for the Sarasota 
First Brethren Church. 

Not to let this man of God go without 
pomp and circumstance, the church 
sanctuary and the educational building 
were decorated; enough beautiful 
tiered cakes were baked to feed 1 ,000; 
punch was poured; the music played; 
and all the cameras were filled with 

The people came and they came. 
For hours they came. Even Pastor 
Hamel's twin brother Dana and wife 
Shirley came from Richmond, Va. They 
brought speeches; they brought cards; 
they brought "thank you's"; they 
brought gifts; they brought permission 
for the Hamels to live in the parsonage 
as long as they wish, presenting them 
with a key; they brought money (more 
than $4,500). So very few lives in 
Sarasota have not been touched by 
this man; and they were here to let him 
know how much all of these 28 years 
have meant to them. 

His office walls are bare now; his 
desk is clean and shiny; and the police 
radio is no longer there; but "Bud" is not 
silent. His zeal to serve the Lord has 
not retired. That gold car ("702") of his 
still flies low up and down the streets. 
He seems to be everywhere. The 
sound of his contagious laughter is 
ever present. The Sarasota people's 
love for this dedicated couple Is 
matched only by the Hamel's love for 
them. "Thank you, Bud and Jean." 

with enough cake to feed a 

Photo by LaVergne Stone. 

a volunteer chaplain for the Sarasota 
police and fire departments — tasks 
he plans to continue even though he 
has retired from the pastoral ministry. 
He is also chaplain for the Florida 
State Fireman's Association. 

With all his accomplishments, it is 
not surprising that Dr. Hamel has re- 
ceived numerous honors. In 1964 he 
was named "Sarasota Citizen of the 
Year"; in 1972 he received an honor- 
ary Doctor of Divinity degree from 
Ashland College; in 1975 he was 
named "Evangelical of the Year" by 
the Manasota Ministerial Association 
and "Citizen of the Year" by the Fra- 
ternal Order of Police; and in 1982 he 
was named 'V.F.W. "Man of the Year." 

Dr. Hamel is 
married to the 
former Jean 
Rowsey. For 
nearly 25 
years Mrs. 
Hamel served 
as music 
director and 
secretary for 
Sarasota First 
Brethren. The 
Hamels have 
three children 
— JoAnne Even though he has 

(Mrs. Daniel retired from the pastoral 
Brenner), ministry. Chaplain 

John, and Hamel plans to continue 

Janet (Mrs. fjig voluntary work with 
Tim Solomon), (he Sarasota fire and 
They also have police departments. 

eight grand- Sarasots Heraia/rnbute 

children. s'^'' photo by Sally Pettibon. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


"Laborers Together" is Both Theme 
And Spirit of Indiana Conference 

Shipshewana, Ind. — "Laborers To- 
gether with God" was both the theme 
and the spirit of the Indiana District 
Conference, held June 10-11 at the 
Brethren Retreat Center. 

Under the capable leadership of 
Moderator Gene Eckerley, the confer- 
ence was both a positive inspirational 
experience and a time of working to- 
gether in caring for district business. 

Rev. Eckerley set the tone in his 
moderator's address, in which he fo- 
cused on two aspects of the conference 
theme — (1) being laborers with God, 
and (2) being laborers together. Con- 
cerning the former he noted that 
ministry styles may differ or change, 
but our foundation is unchanging — 
Jesus Christ. As laborers together, we 
must stand firm on this foundation. 
Our strength is not in being Brethren, 
but that the Brethren before us built 
on this unchanging foundation. 

Concerning being laborers together, 
he emphasized the advantages that 
come from working together in the 
district. He said that laboring together 
means complementing, not competing; 
submitting to one another; and en- 
couraging one another. 

The moderator concluded his mes- 
sage with four recommendations — (1) 
That the district authorize its Minis- 
try of Pastoral and Congregational 
Care to establish a position of District 
Elder (an active pastor who would 

serve part time as a minister to pas- 
tors and in the area of pastor/congre- 
gation relations). (2) That the district 
call upon its Executive Committee to 
initiate a study of the churches of the 
district in order to determine the mind 
of the Brethren with a view to defining 
a unified vision. (3) That the district 
call upon each congregation to fully 
participate in and fully support the 
ministries of the district. (4) That the 
district revise its conference schedule 
for 1989 and make the spring confer- 
ence an inspirational camp meeting 
and have a fall meeting for business. 

All four of these recommendations 
were accepted. With regard to recom- 
mendation (4), next year's spring con- 
ference was set for June 9-10 at Ship- 
shewana and is to be entirely inspira- 
tional. A fall business conference will 
be held September 16, 1989, with the 
location yet to be announced. The 
theme for next year's conference is 
"Pursue Love" (I Cor. 14:1). 

In addition to the moderator's ad- 
dress, messages were presented by 
Rev. Donald Rowser and General Con- 
ference Moderator Dale Stoffer. Pastor 
Rowser emphasized the practical side 
of being laborers together, stressing 
the need to be held together by faith, 
hope, and love; the need to speak up 
against moral issues; the need to be 
centered in Christ; and the need for 

Flora First Brethren Church Honors Pastor 
And Wife on Fortieth Wedding Anniversary 

Flora, Ind. — Members of the 
First Brethren Church of Flora 
honored their pastor. Rev. 
Alvin Grumbling, and his wife 
Meg with a surprise reception 
on Sunday afternoon. May 22, 
in recognition of the couple's 
40th wedding anniversary. 

The church deacon board 
hosted the reception along 
with the Grumbling's son Den- 
nis and daughter-in-law Heidi. 
Approximately 80 people at- 
tended the event. The Grum- 
blings were married on May 
30, 1948. 

The Flora Church also re- 
cently extended a three-year 
call to Pastor Grumbling, 
which he accepted. 
— reported by Mrs. Freda Eller 

The Grumbling family (I to r ) son Gary, Rev. 
Alvin, Meg, son Dennis, and daughter-in-law 

Heidi. Photo by Charles Clem 

Dr. Stoffer, like Joshua (in Joshua 
24), stressed the importance of choos- 
ing to serve the Lord, stating that 
choice, not chance, determines our 
destiny. He then shared three areas of 
concern for The Brethren Church — 
that it have a strong foundation; that 
it make necessary organizational 
changes to better carry out the work of 
the Lord; and that Brethren people 
manifest attitudes of love, trust, and 
cooperation. He concluded by chal- 
lenging his hearers to be willing to 
make sacrifices, to have visions and 
dream dreams for the Lord, and to do 
what's necessary to bring those 
dreams to reality. 

In the election of officers. Rev. Keith 
Bennett was chosen as the new mod- 
erator-elect; secretary Daniel Gray, 
treasurer Alvin Grumbling, and 
statistician Gene Geaslen were all re- 
elected; and last year's moderator- 
elect Kenneth Hunn became the new 

Oak Hill Church Contacts 
Every Resident by Phone 

Oak Hill, W. Va. — Nine members of 
the Oak Hill First Brethren Church 
called every resident in the Oak Hill 
area listed in the telephone directory 
during May and June of this year. 

The calls were the heart of a "Tele- 
Friend (Tell a Friend) Campaign" 
which had as its goal reaching un- 
churched people in the community. 

Approximately 3,000 calls were 
made. Of these, about 300 were to un- 
churched homes. Recipients of these 
calls who expressed an interest in the 
church were sent a brochure giving a 
description of the history, lifestyle, 
ministry, and faith of the Brethren. 
They were also given an invitation to 
visit the Oak Hill First Brethren 
Church on June 5, which was desig- 
nated as "Tele-Friend Sunday." 

Four visitors attended the church on 
the special Sunday, one of whom rede- 
dicated her life to the Lord. While the 
congregation was disappointed that 
not more visitors attended, they recog- 
nize that they have a pool of about 300 
people with no church affiliation with 
whom they can work in the future. 

The nine people who made the 3,000 
phone calls were Gene Skeldon, Mona 
Nuckels, Janet Payne, Ollie Foy, 
Patsy Jennings, Amy Crouch, Jean 
Burton, Doris McClung, and Suzanne 
Pennington. The "Tele-Friend Cam- 
paign" was initiated by Oak Hill pas- 
tor Rev. William Skeldon. 

— reported by R. Rogusky 

July/ August 1988 



Nappanee Church Breaks Ground; 
Then Celebrates Miracle Sunday 

Nappanee, Ind. — Two major events 
took place recently in the life of the 
First Brethren Church of Nappanee — 
ground breaking on Easter Sunday 
(April 3) for a new church building, 
and Miracle Sunday celebration on 
May 1. 

Following the morning worship 
service on Easter Sunday, the Nap- 
panee Brethren traveled north out of 
town to the site of the new building — 
a five-acre plot at the corner of State 
Road 19 and County Road 52, across 
from North Wood High School. There 
the ground-breaking ceremony was 

The new building will have two 
wings — a sanctuary wing and an ac- 
tivity center/classroom wing each 
measuring roughly 86 by 92 feet. The 
two wings will form a right angle, 
with an ofTice/narthex area at the 

Miracle Sunday, held May 1, had 
two purposes. It was the day set by the 
Centennial Committee (Moderator 
Dick Best, Judith Holden, Maribeth 
Stump, Dorothy Arch, and Pastor 
Alvin Shifflett) for the congregation to 
celebrate the 100th anniversary of the 

church (which was founded February 
6, 1888). And it was the day set by the 
Finance Committee to receive a mira- 
cle offering for the new building. 

The goal set for the Miracle Sunday 
offering was $50,000. In its 100-year 

history, the congregation had never 
given an offering of more than 
$10,000. So if $50,000 were received, 
it would indeed be a "miracle." 

A number of former pastors and as- 
sociate pastors and their wives were 
present for the special day, including 
Rev. Virgil and Alice Ingraham, Rev. 
Rex and Bobbie McConahay, Rev. 
James and Lois Sluss, and Rev. Wil- 
liam and Peg Anderson. Rev. St. Clair 

Artist's conception of the new Nappanee First Brethren Church building. 

Project Helps Women Respond 
To Needy Women in 3rd World 

Baton Rouge, La. — World Relief 
Corporation of the National Associa- 
tion of Evangelicals has recently 
begun a special project called "Woman 
to Woman" to help Christian women 
understand and respond to needy 
women in the Third World. 

Part of this project is a one-hour 
program called What Can One Woman 
Do? African Women in Crisis. This 
program includes a leader's guide with 
program instructions; a video depict- 
ing what life is like for an African 

Breaking ground for the new Nappanee Church building, as the congregation 
watches, are (I. to r.) Sr. Pastor Alvin Shifflett; Fin. Com. Ch. Pat Johnson; Trustee 
Bd. Ch. and Youth Sponsor Doug Bitting; Church Sec.lTreas. Peg Hunsberger; 
Deacon Bd. Ch. David Bowers; W.M.S. Pres. Maryellen Best; Mod. Dick Best; and Bd. 
of Christ. Ed. Ch. Carlisle Roose. 

and Polly Benshoff had also planned 
to attend, but were unable to do so be- 
cause of his sudden illness. 

An air of excitement was evident as 
the special offering was taken during 
the Miracle Sunday worship service. 
As the service continued with special 
recognitions, worship, and a message 
by former pastor Rev. William Ander- 
son, the treasurer and chair person of 
the Finance Committee tabulated the 
offering. Finally the moment arrived 
and the announcement was made — 
over $54,000 had been received. The 
announcement was greeted with an 
outbreak of praise and applause by the 
joyful congregation. 

Nappanee Pastor Alvin Shifflett 
comments: "Many had said it couldn't 
be done. But God did it! We must 
never underestimate the ability and 
power of God to work through a faith- 
ful and loving people." 

Following the worship service, a fel- 
lowship meal was shared in the base- 
ment of the present church building. 
The Nappanee Brethren then traveled 
to the site of the new building, where 
they released 100 helium-filled bal- 
loons that contained gospel tracts and 
information about the 100th birthday 
of the Nappanee Church. 

woman and showing how we can help 
through World Relief; a Bible study 
that concretely explores God's ability 
to multiply our gifts to care for the 
needy; and a copy of a brochure/calen- 
dar for each member of the group de- 
signed to give immediate suggestions 
about what one woman can do to help 
alleviate poverty and to extend learn- 
ing about Christ's response to the poor 
through 30 daily readings. 

For more information, contact 
Brethren World Relief Board presi- 
dent Rev. Marlin McCann, 404 N. 
Wayne St., North Manchester, IN 
46962 (phone: 219-982-8312). 

— Erica Weidenhamer 


The Brethren Evangeust 


David S. Oligee Ordained June 5 
To Eldership in Brethren Church 

West Alexandria, Ohio — David S. 
Oligee was ordained an elder in The 
Brethren Church and his wife, Lois, 
was consecrated the wife of an elder in 
a service held Sunday afternoon, June 
5, at the West Alexandria First Breth- 
ren Church, where Rev. Oligee serves 
as pastor. 

Rev. David Cooksey, Director of 
Pastoral Ministries for The Brethren 
Church, presented the ordination mes- 
sage. Other Brethren elders par- 
ticipating in the service were Rev. 
Percy Miller, Dr. Dale Stoffer, Dr. 
Weston Ellis, and Rev. Robert Dillard. 

Dave Gunsalus, moderator of the 
West Alexandria Church, read the 
action of the congregation calling for 
Pastor Oligee's licensure and ordina- 

tion. Joyce Nisius played an organ 
prelude for the service, and special 
music was presented by the Brethren 

Rev. Oligee, 40, was born in 
Middletown, Ohio, where he attended 
Middletown Madison High School and 
was graduated with honors. He at- 
tended Ohio State University, worked 
for 15 years at Armco Steel Corpora- 
tion, and attended Criswell Center for 
Biblical Studies in Dallas, Texas. 

In 1982 he was ordained by the Hill- 
crest Baptist Church in Carlisle, Ohio, 
and from 1982 to 1985 he served as 
pastor of the Audelia Road Baptist 
Church in Dallas, of which he was co- 
founder. On August 4, 1985, he be- 
came pastor of the First Brethren 

Photo by Bud Ward. 

Rev. and Mrs, David S. Oligee. 

Church of West Alexandria. 

David and Lois (who was born in 
Hamilton, Ohio) were married June 
20, 1969. They have two children, 
Stacy (17) and David Matthew (who 
will be 16 on July 31). 

Disaster Averted When Tree 
Falls in Rajahmundry, India 

Rajahmundry, India — Disaster was 
averted May 18 when a mammoth tree 
in front of the Brethren orphanage/ 
church building in Rajahmundry was 
uprooted by a cyclone and thrown to 
the ground. 

Approximately 80 people were in 
the building praying at the time. Even 
though the tree leaned toward the 
building, it fell in the opposite direc- 
tion, sparing the structure and the 
people inside. 

Unfortunately, a boy on the street 
was killed. The tree was so large that 
it blocked the street in front of the or- 
phanage for two days. 

A report of the event was carried in 

the newspapers, and many people 
came to see how the Brethren were 
protected by the Lord. The uprooting 
of the tree also had another beneficial 
effect. In the words of Brethren mis- 
sionEiry Rev. K. Prasanth Kumar, 
"The devil was destroyed." 

Under the tree sat a Hindu shrine 
with a big idol. Hindus who gathered 
at this shrine to pray blocked the en- 
trance to the church and disturbed the 
worshipers inside. When the tree fell, 
it smashed the shrine and idol. 

Furthermore, when the cyclone oc- 
curred, several people who had come 
to worship the idol took shelter in the 
orphanage and personally saw how 
the Lord saved all who were in the 
building. They are witnessing openly 
how Jesus saved their lives. 
— submitted by Rev. James R. Black 


Waterloo Member Serving as 
Missionary Intern in Taiwan 

Waterloo, Iowa — Laura Schake, a 
member of the First Brethren Church 
of Waterloo, is spending ten weeks 
this summer as a mission intern in 

Laura attends Central Christian 
College of the Bible in Missouri, 
where she began participating in Har- 

Ptioto by K. Prasanth Kumar. 

Broken pieces of the Hindu shrine lie near the upturned roots of the giant tree. 
July/August 1988 

Laura Schake (rt.) with her roommate, 

Sandra Schofield. Photo by Elizabeth Dietz. 

vesters, a missions group on campus. 
Through this group she learned of the 
need for missionaries in Taiwan. 

Laura and her roommate, Sandra 
Schofield, are working at the Home of 
God's Love, an orphanage in Lo Tung, 
Taiwan. There they are caring for 
children, cleaning, cooking, and teach- 
ing English, using the Bible as their 
"textbook." The Waterloo First Breth- 
ren Church is providing monetary and 
prayer support for Laura during her 
summer of mission service. 

— reported by Lois Catchpool 



Raystown Church Bids Farewell 
To Pastor Allen Baker Family ^ 

Saxton, Pa. — Members of the Rays- 
town Brethren Church said farewell to 
Pastor Allen Baker and his family 
May 15 at a fellowship dinner held fol- 
lowing the morning worship service. 

The farewell, which was organized 
by the Woman's Missionary Society of 
the church, provided members an op- 
portunity to express their apprecia- 
tion, prayers, and farewell wishes to 
the Bakers, and to present them gifts 
and cards. Gifts included a pocket 
watch from the W.M.S. engraved with 
the words, "The Lord bless thee and 
keep thee"; and a decorative wall mir- 
ror from the congregation inscribed 
with the words, "For Faithful Service 
to the Raystown Brethren Church 
Pastor Allen J. Baker, Jr., Oct. 1982 
— May 1988." 

The Baker family expressed their 
deep gratitude to the congregation. 

The Baker Family: 

(I. to r.) Shirley (Mrs. Allen I, 

Kevin, Andy, Pastor Allen, 

and Allen III. 

Photo by Susan Weimert 

and Pastor Baker encouraged the 
members to press on with the Lord's 
work, knowing that God would never 
leave them nor forsake them. 

As noted in the inscription quoted 
above. Pastor Baker had served the 
Raystown Church since October 1982. 

He presented his last sermon to the 
congregation on May 29. He is pres- 
ently a licensed minister, but hopes to 
return to college in the near future 
and eventually to become an ordained 
minister in the Church of the Brethren. 
— reported by Susan Weimert 

West Alexandria Member 
Celebrates 100th Birthday 

West Alexandria, Ohio — Annie 
Miller, the oldest member of the First 
Brethren Church of West Alexandria, 
celebrated her 100th birthday on Fri- 
day, June 10. 

A birthday celebration and buffet 
lunch in her honor were planned by 
Mrs. Miller's family and were held at 
the grange hall in Eaton, Ohio. Nearly 
200 family members, friends, and 
West Alexandria Brethren attended 
the buffet. Family and friends came 
from as far away as Florida, Arizona, 
and California, with others from Ken- 
tucky, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Mich- 
igan, and of course, many from Ohio. 

In addition to her many cards and 
greetings from family and friends. 

Mrs. Miller also received a certificate 
from Ohio Governor Richard Celeste 
and a card from President and Mrs. 
Ronald Reagan. 

Mrs. Miller lives alone in the coun- 
try and does much of her own work, 
with the help of a girl who comes in 
two hours a day five days a week. 

— reported by Luella Painter 

Park Street Members Attend 
Camp for Deaf and Hearing 

Ashland, Ohio — Eleven people from 
Park Street Brethren Church attended 
a deaf camp held June 9-11 at Seneca 
Lake in southern Ohio sponsored by 
Ohio Southern Baptists for the Deaf 
The purpose of the camp was to pro- 

vide inspiration and fellowship for 
both deaf and hearing persons and to 
share ideas for ministry to the deaf 

Rev. Darrell Pfaff of the Christian 
Life Church of the Deaf in Indian- 
apolis, Ind., was the featured speaker. 
He delivered his message in sign lan- 
guage and an interpreter translated it 
verbally for the hearing. 

Those attending the camp from 
Park Street Church were inspired by 
new ideas, which they plan to use in 
the deaf ministry in Ashland. The 
church currently has a deaf Bible 
study on Wednesday evenings and a 
monthly deaf fellowship. In addition, 
the 10:30 a.m. Sunday worship serv- 
ice, which is televised, is signed by in- 
terpreter Diane Uglow for both the 
live and televison audience. 

Annie Miller on her one-hundredth 
birthday. Photo by Luella Painter. 

Photo by Doris Smith. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


N. Manchester Brethren Serve 
Old German Baptist Conference 

North Manchester, Ind. — Most 
churches have served a meal or a ban- 
quet on some occasion, but few congre- 
gations have ever undertaken a feed- 
ing project as large as the one carried 
out May 21-24 by the members of the 
North Manchester First Brethren 
Church, when they prepared and 
served the meals for the four-day an- 
nual meeting of the Old German Bap- 
tist Brethren. 

More than 3,500 people attended the 
conference, which was held in tents 
set up on a farm four miles south of 
town. Keeping these conference at- 
tenders well-fed was the responsibility 
of the North Manchester Brethren. 

Obviously, a project this big takes 
some advanced planning. In fact, Or- 
ville Vandermark, general chairman 
for the project, began weekly meetings 
with his committee in June of 1987, a 
year before the event. And during the 
year several members knowledgeable 
in such matters went to auctions to 
buy usable stoves, refrigerators, and 
other items needed for the project. 

Meals were served in two large food 
tents on the farm. Max Dickerhoff, 
aided by the farmers of the congrega- 
tion, made electricity available to the 
tents by providing huge generators 
driven by two large tractors. 

Cooking was done in kitchens in the 
food tents and also in the church 
kitchen back in town. A telephone 
hookup kept the two locations in 
touch. Bob Speicher was in charge of 

running the church kitchen, with the 
help of a dozen or more church women 
and men. 

The first meal got underway at five 
o'clock on Saturday morning. May 21, 
and cooking and serving continued 
through the four days of the meeting. 
In the first two days alone, 13 cases of 
eggs were used and 2,500 hamburger 
patties fried, not to mention the count- 
less number of snow cones, soft drinks, 
and bags of carmel corn that were 
served at the youth tent. 

This mammoth project required the 
involvement of the entire congrega- 
tion and also the help of many volun- 
teers from the rest of the community. 

Many members took vacations from 
their regular employment to be avail- 
able to help set up, serve, and tear 
down after the conference. Some of 
these were glad to return to their reg- 
ular jobs for a rest after the rigors of 
the feeding operation. 

Corresponding secretary LaVeta 
Immel notes, however, that "While 
everyone was weary from the experi- 
ence, we felt it a worthwhile service to 
our German Baptist 'cousins' from 
whom we learned patience, kindness, 
and working together. While we had 
previously designated whatever prof- 
its were made from the project for a 
new heating system for the church 
sanctuary (thus making it a fund- 
raiser), we can also chalk it up as a 
satisfying learning and serving ex- 

— reported by LaVeta Immel 

The two food tents in which the North Manchester Brethren served thausands of 
meals during the four-day meeting. 

Cheyenne Sewing Group Gives 
Handiwork to Local Agencies 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — The W.M.S. Loving Hands Sewing 
Group of the Cheyenne Brethren Church has been busy 
making comforters and baby quilts. 

The ladies recently presented seven of their baby quilts to 
the Crisis Pregnancy Center, and several comforters and 
baby quilts to Needs, Inc., of Cheyenne. 

The Cheyenne ladies meet in the church fellowship hall 
one day a month to cut, piece, and finish the comforters and 
to do other sewing projects. The comforters are pieced 
mostly from swatches of cloth taken from cast off double- 
knit pants, which are provided by Needs, Inc. 

— report and photo by Alice M. Tharp 

Photo at right: Loving Hands Sewers (r. to I.) Francis 
Johnson (Sewing Committee chair person), Ruth Larson 
(W.M.S. president), and Dorotha Downey show the group's 
handiwork to Needs, Inc., clothes closet manager Carolyn Rogers 
(I.). Members of the sewing group not shown are Joyce Kury, 
Florence White, Ruth Keslar, Avise Mosher, and Alice Tharp. 

July/August 1988 




Joel William Kerner was born 
June 25 in Medellin, Colombia, to 
Brethren Missionaries Diane and 
David Kerner. Joel weighed in at six 
pounds, 12 ounces. At last report, 
mother, baby, and the entire family 
were doing fine. 

Rev. J. Milton and Marguerite 
Bowman celebrated their 50th wed- 
ding anniversary May 28. An open 
house reception was held for them by 
their children June 18 at the First 
Baptist Church in Lansing, Mich. Rev. 
Bowman, who celebrated his 90th 
birthday June 27, pastored for 40 
years in Brethren churches in New 
Jersey, Indiana, Nebraska, California, 
and Ohio. Following his retirement in 
1970, the Bowmans moved to Michi- 
gan. The couple reports that they are 
in good health and active in many 

Ashland Park Street member 
Sergeant Neil R. Hamilton has re- 
ceived an appointment to the United 
States Military Academy, to which he 
reported on June 27. Neil, son of Park 
Street members Jess and Janet 
Hamilton, graduated from U.S. Mili- 
tary Academy Preparatory School at 
Fort Monmouth, N.J., on May 27. At 
this school he won awards for being 
top student in English, top student in 

Rev. G. Emery 
Hurd, pastor of 
the Cheyenne, 
Wyo., Brethren 
Church, gave 
an unusual 
message dur- 
ing the Easter 
sunrise service. 
Dressed as 
Caiaphas, the 
■ Jewish High 
Priest, he pre- 
sented that 
man's reflec- 
tions on the life 
and crucifixion 
of Jesus Christ. 

Photo by Alice Tharp. 

mathematics, and class valedictorian. 
He also received the General Maxwell 
D. Taylor award for being the out- 
standing overall cadet candidate. 

David and Sharon Heestand, 
Harry (Pete) and Diane HUl, and 
Gerald Powell were ordained 
deacons and deaconesses June 12 in 
the First Brethren Church of North 
Georgetown, Ohio. Dr. John Shultz, 
professor at Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary, was the guest speaker for the 
ordination service. 

The First Brethren Church of 
Flora, Ind., participated in a commu- 
nity Bible school May Sl^une 3. The 
VBS was held in the Flora Communi- 
ty Park and included hikes, a cookout, 
picnic, and other outdoor activities. 
Flora First Brethren pastor Rev. Alvin 

Grumbling was one of the two pastoral 
leaders of the V.B.S. 

Fifty-five men and boys spent two 
enjoyable days (May 20 and 21) at 
Camp Peniel at the Pennsylvania 
District Men and Boys Yearly 
Spring Retreat. Trapshooting, vol- 
leyball, and trout fishing were ac- 
tivities the men and boys enjoyed, as 
well as times of fellowship and devo- 
tion. The Pennsylvania District 
Laymen's Fall Rally will be held Sep- 
tember 24 at the Berlin Brethren 

The First Brethren Church of 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio, is seeking a per- 
son to serve part time as director of its 
youth ministry. Anyone interested in 
the position should contact Pastor Bob 
Westfall at 513-676-2802. 

In Memory 

Rev. Henry Bates, 68, pastor of the 
Wayne Heights Brethren Church in 
Waynesboro, Pa., died June 4 after a short 

Brother Bates was born in England, but 
his family moved to Philadelphia, Pa., 
where he at- ^_ ^^^^^m^^mt^ 
tended North- HI HPHP^HHIll 
east High 

School. He at- 
tended both 
Ashland Col- 
lege (A.B. 1945) 
and Ashland 
Seminary (B.D. 
1946), as well 
as Gettysburg 
Lutheran Semi- 
nary (S.T.M.). 

He pastored 
the St. James, Md., and Oakville, Ind., 
Brethren Churches, then returned to Ash- 
land Theological Seminary, where he 
taught Old Testament and Hebrew from 
1950 to 1955. He returned to the pastorate 
in 1955, pastoring the North Manchester, 
Ind., First Brethren Church from 1955 to 
1959, the Vinco, Pa., Brethren Church 
from 1959 to 1971, and the Wayne Heights 
Brethren Church from 1971 until his 

In addition to his pastoral duties. Rev. 
Bates served on various district and na- 
tional boards and committees, and for 
many years wrote the "Lesson Back- 
ground" section for the Brethren Bible 
Class Quarterly. 

Rev. Bates was married January 27, 
1945, to Ruby Younce, who survives him. 
They were the parents of four daughters, 
the oldest of whom, Maxine, is married to 
Brethren pastor Rev. Richard Craver. 

The funeral service for Rev. Bates was 
held in the Grove Funeral Home in 
Waynesboro, with Brethren Elder Robert 
Hoffman officiating. Brethren elders at- 
tending the service served as honorary 


In Memory continued 

John Heindl, 80, June 17. Member for 30 
years of the Brethren Church in New Leba- 
non. Services by Pastor Robert Dillard. 
Margaret E. Smith, 85, June 7. Member 
of the St. James Brethren Church. Services 
by Pastor Brian H. Moore. 
Virginia Hager, 64, May 16. Member of 
the Waterloo First Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Lynn Mercer. 
Stanley P. Dennis, 46, May 7. Member of 
the Milledgeville Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Youth Pastor Bill Shipman. 


Teresa Manning to Roger Goebel, June 
18, at the Bryan First Brethren Church; 
Pastor Mark A. Britton and former Pastor 
Marlin L. McCann officiating. Bride a 
member of the Bryan First Brethren 

Lisa Lewis to Jerry Layne, June 11, at 
the Mt. Olive Brethren Church; Pastor 
Ronald W. Waters officiating. Bride and 
groom attend the Mt. Olive Brethren 

Ingrid Beckel to Mark Robison, June 4, 
at the Dayton Hillcrest Brethren Church; 
Rev. Archie Nevins and Pastor Weston 
Ellis officiating. Bride a member of the 
Hillcrest Brethren Church; groom a 
member of the North Manchester First 
Brethren Church. 

Jodie Young to Jeff Coulter, May 14, at 
the St. James Brethren Church; Pastor 
Brian H. Moore officiating. Groom a 
member of the St. James Brethren Church. 


Claude and Lydia Warfel, 50th, April 30. 
Members of the Milledgeville Brethren 

Membership Growth 

Flora: 4 by baptism 

North Manchester; 4 by baptism 

Sarasota: 6 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom o£ heaven" (Matt. 19:14)« 


The Bible tells us that God worked six days to create the world. Then on the seventh day 
He rested. One of the Ten Commandments God gave to Moses is: "Remember the Sabbath day 
by keeping it holy" (Exodus 20:8). Then God went on to explain that there are six days on which 
to work, but on the seventh day no work should be done. It should be used to worship God. 

All through the time of the Old Testament and part of the New Testament time God's people 
used the seventh day as the day of worship. Even today some groups of people worship on the 
seventh day of the week. 

Jesus came back to life on the first day of the week — on Sunday. After He returned to 
heaven, His followers called Sunday the Lord's Day and began worshiping on that day. 

And so it is for us. We pray and study God's Word every day of the week. But on six of the 
days we also do our work. Then we spend the Lord's Day (Sunday) worshiping Him. 

A. The days of the week got mixed up in the column at the right. Can Wednesday 

you number them in the proper order? Which is the first day of the Monday 

week? Write a 1 on the line beside it. Then number the other days in Friday 

the correct order. Sunday 

Next draw a blue circle around the name and number of the day Tuesday 

that was Moses' special day to worship God. Then draw a red circle Saturday 

around the name and number of the day on which Christians usually Thursdav 

meet to worship God. 

B. Cross out every other letter to find out how King David felt when he was going to church. 
(The first one is done for you.) Then write the letters that are left on the lines below and read 
what King David said. 




(Psalm 122:1) 

C. Using this code, find an important message for us from Hebrews 10:25. 

13-e 6-0 MESSAGE 

12-g 5-p 

11-h 4-r 

10-i 3-s 9 13 2 13 7 6 2 12 10 13 15 

9-1 2-t 

8-m l-u __ 

7-n 0-v 8" 13 13 "2 To T 12 "2 ¥ T2 13 2 1 1 13 4. 

July/August 1988 . . 23 


Available from 
The Brethren Publishing Company 

Or at General Conference 

If you would like to know more about the history and doctrines of The Brethren Church, or if you want to 
share information about our church with others, the Brethren Publishing Company has several publications 
available to help you. Following is a price list with a brief description of each publication. 


Meet the Brethren, Donald F. Dumbaugh editor, 120 pp., 

A chapter on Brethren history from 1708 to 1883 fol- 
lowed by chapters describing each of the five Brethren 
bodies (Church of the Brethren, Grace Brethren, The 
Brethren Church, Dunkard Brethren, Old German Baptist 

ffistory of The Brethren Church, by Albert T. Ronk, 524 
pp., $5.00. 

A thorough study of the background and history of the 
life, thought, and mission of The Brethren Church from its 
beginnings up to 1968. 

History of Brethren Missionary Movements, by Albert 
T. Ronk, 152 pp., $1.50. 

A study of Brethren missions from the colonial period to 
recent years. 

Our Church Guidebook, by Albert T. Ronk, 155 pp., $.75. 

A handbook describing the responsibilities of the various 

officers, boetrds, and committees of a local Brethren church. 

A Search for Truth, by Albert T. Ronk, 175 pp., $.75. 

The autobiography of one of The Brethren Church's lead- 
ing historians, chronicling his 80-year search and what he 

Christian Doctrine — Lectures and Sermons, by 

J. Allen Miller, 346 pp., $1.75. 

A posthumous publication of lectiu-es and sermons by 
this Brethren scholar and former president of Ashland Col- 
lege and dean of Ashland Theological Seminary. 

Ministerial Examining Procedures of The Bretliren 
Church, adopted by the National Ministerial Association, 
30 pp., $1.25. 

Procedures for calling, licensing, ordaining, and disci- 
plining pastors; also pastoral ethics and pastoral-congrega- 
tional relations. 

The Brethren Pastor's Handbook, 122 pp., $3.00. 

A quidebook for pastors that includes orders and forms 
for various services and activities in the church. 


A Centennial Statement, 10 pp., $1.00 each; $.75 each for 
ten or more; $.50 each for 100 or more. 

A booklet published during The Brethren Church's cen- 
tennial year that defines the beliefs and practices of the 

Lessons in Brethren Doctrine, by several Brethren writ- 
ers, 67 pp., $.75. 

Thirteen lessons on Brethren teachings and practices. 
Suitable for use in an adult Sunday school class or other 
study groups. 


The Brethren Church, 15 cents each; $7.00 per hundred. 
A tract that gives a brief introduction to the history, 
lifestyle, ministry, and faith of The Brethren Church. Suit- 
able for giving to visitors or to use in visitation. (Imprint- 
ing available). 

The Brethren Church, by Albert T. Ronk, 16 pp., 10 cents 
each; 85 cents per dozen; $6.50 per hundred. 

"A brief treatise on the teachings, beliefs and practices of 
the Brethren." 

The Office and Duties of Deacons and Deaconesses, by 

John F. Locke, 30 cents a dozen; $2.00 per hundred. 

A tract prepared for new deacons and deaconesses to 
explain their position emd responsibilities. 

The Message of the Brethren Ministry, by the National 
Ministerial Association, 10 cents each; $1.00 per dozen; 
$4.00 per hundred. 

The Holy Spirit at Work, by Percy C. Miller, 10 cents 
each; 85 cents a dozen; $6.50 per hundred. 

A look at the work of the Holy Spirit in the lives of indi- 
vidual Christians and in the church. 

Order from: The Brethren PubUshing Company 

524 College Ave., Ashland, Oh 44805 

Or purchase at General Conference 

If payment accompanies order, we pay the postage. 

Ohio residents add 5.5% for sales tax. 















































: — t 






















Readers' Forum 

A column in which readers can share their thoughts and views with the Brethren. 

Pastoral Support — the Real Problem 

As a newcomer to The Brethren 
Church, I must first confess that I do 
not have knowledge of all the work- 
ings and intricacies of the Brethren, 
but what is written is done so with a 
burden and love for The Brethren 

I agree that many pastors do not re- 
ceive adequate financial support, but 
this is not a unique phenomenon of 
The Brethren Church. A pastor wrote 
[in "Why Do Pastors Leave The Breth- 
ren Church," June issue, pp. 4-6], 
"Most of the pastors who have left our 
churches have found churches in other 
denominations where they are better 
paid." I hope and pray that this is not 
the reason they left, but trust they 
went to a particular church because 
that was the will of God. Pastors in 
other denominations are not necessar- 
ily better paid. One friend of mine in 
another denomination pastored a 
church which paid him $100.00 a 
week in an area devoid of any outside 
employment. (They also had three 
small children at the time.) I fear that 
if you did a survey of all evangelical 
and fundamental churches around the 
world, you would find that pastors for 
the most part are not paid very well. 

One cause given for leaving is the 
amount of debt a man has when he 
leaves school for the ministry. Most 
small churches do not have the finan- 
cial resources to pay the salaries they 
would like to to help alleviate the debt 
of a new pastor. Unfortunately, the 
majority of new pastors end up in the 
small churches of any denomination. 
A solution may be to catch a vision of 

what a large church could do for the 
ministry of a new pastor not only fi- 
nancially but also in equipping him 
for ministry. 

Another problem arises when we see 
the ministry as a profession. It should 
be the call of God upon a man's life 
which leads him to and keeps him in 
the ministry. Considering it a profes- 
sion leads to at least two problems. 
First, the congregation sees the pastor 
as "the professional" who is to do all 
the work of ministry. How can we 
avoid this when he wants to be iden- 
tified as a "professional"? Secondly, 
pastors begin seeing the ministry as a 
job that should require only forty 
hours a week and not much more. The 
ministry is not a job; it requires the 
pastor to be on call 24 hours a day, 
seven days a week, much like that of a 
professional person; but the pastor's is 
a calling of one's life to the work of a 
Holy and Merciful God. 

Will we ever get all our members to 
bring all their tithes and offerings to 
the church? I doubt it for several 
reasons. First, not all are at the point 
in their spiritual maturity where they 
are convicted to tithe. Secondly, there 
are many good ministries outside the 
church confines which are worthy of 
our support. Thirdly, the world's influ- 
ence upon the church is getting worse. 

How important is the church to 
modern man? Our fellow pastor wrote, 
"Something that really frustrates me 
is to hear one of those young people, 
while struggling with that 'call,' con- 
fess that his parents have advised him 
to stay out of the ministry. Why? Be- 

cause with his God-given abilities, he 
will be able to earn a lot more money 
in some other profession." That says 
much about the parents and their 
priorities — and they may be more 
typical than we would want to believe. 
This world influence has invaded the 
lives of pastors, too, who desire grand 
houses, fancy cars, custom clothes, and 
all the amenities the world seduces us 

Recently I read that it used to be 
that the spirituality of a church was 
measured by the number of young 
people entering ministry and mis- 
sions, and now it's measured by the 
size of the offering. Other denomina- 
tions are losing pastors, too, but they 
are replacing them from within their 
ranks and from pastors from other de- 
nominations joining forces with them. 
Are our children being encouraged to 
enter the ministry solely for the fi- 
nances? Are our children attending 
Brethren colleges and seminaries? 

I don't perceive this as a financial 
problem. The problem has to do with 
vision. We've lost a vision of a Holy 
and Merciful God. We've lost a vision 
of a lost and dying world. We've lost 
the vision of the Church. We've cap- 
tured only a vision of ourselves and 
our desires. 

Revival will begin only when we 
catch the Vision. We must see Grod as 
He really is, we must see the Church 
as God does, and we must see our 
world as God sees it. 

Robert Stafford 

Walkerton, Ind. 

Teegarden First Brethren Church 

Pontius' Puddle 


sopERv/tsoTRS- EVERyeooy wantsto be pa^d! 


WlRlNCr A 




The Brethren Evangeust 

September 1988 
Volume 110, Number 8 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


Phil Lersch 

John Maust 

Alvin Shifflett 

Children's Page 

Alberta Holsinger 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) for The Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, OH 44805-3792. 
Authors' views are not neces- 
sarily those of The Brethren 
Church or the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company. 
Subscription Rates: One 
year, $8.50 for 100% church 
lists; $10.00 for church lists of 
five or more names; $10.50 
for individual subscriptions. 
Single-copy price, $1.00. 
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sent first describing a proposed 
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Postmaster: Please send Form 
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Second Class Postage: Paid 
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Member: Evangelical Press 


We Are Carrying on a Great Work by Dale R. Staffer 4 
The 1988 General Conference Moderator's Address. 

Special Section: General Conference Report 

Introduction; Opening Service 8 

Inspirational Speakers: Messages by Brethren Elders on 9 
Topics Important to Brethren 

Conference Business Sessions; Executive Council Elections 12 

World Relief Banquet 13 

Auxiliaries: National W.M.S. Sessions; National Laymen 14 

Sessions; National Elders Association 

Missionary Board Banquet 15 

BYC Convention: Focusing on Our Awesome God 16 


Readers' Forum 



2 From the Grape Vine 22 

2 ChUdren's Page 23 

17 by Alberta Holsinger 


This month's cover features pictures of the three beautiful and meaning- 
ful scenes that graced the platform area of the Convocation Center during 
General Conference week in August. These aids to worship were arranged by 
Mrs. Carolyn Cooksey, Mrs. Barb Stauder (Carolyn's sister), Mrs. Holly 
Finks, and Mrs. Jean Shultz. Carolyn, Holly, and Jean are all members of the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. {Top and right cover photo by Rev. 
Ronald W. Waters. Left photo by the editor). 

Encircling the cover pictures is the Brethren Seal, which was also promi- 
nent at Conference. A large reproduction of the seal stood directly behind the 
lectern throughout the week. The reproduction was prepared by Mrs. Susie 
(Rowsey) Hubacher and Mr. Jim Shockley, both members of the Smoky Row 
Brethren Church of Columbus, Ohio. See pages 6 and 9 for pictures of the 
seal and an explanation of how it was used. 

The Last Temptation: After attending a special screening August 11 of 
Universal Pictures' "The Last Temptation of Christ," representatives of the 
National Association of Evangelicals (NAE) issued a statement recommend- 
ing that "evangelical Christians not patronize it." While acknowledging Uni- 
versal's right to make and distribute the movie, the statement also maintains 
that "those who believe in Christ have the right to boycott the film." The film 
"presents a fictionalized Christ, not the Christ of the Bible," and its "theology 
... is seriously flawed." While finding the film offensive to millions who re- 
vere Jesus, the NAE representatives nevertheless ascribed no anti-Christian 
motive to those who made it and termed "grossly unjust" the attempts of 
some to use the film as a vehicle for pursuing an anti-Semitic agenda. 

Answers to Little Crusader Page: 

A. 1. Old, New; 2. 39; 3. 27; 4. 66. 

B. No answers needed. 

September 1988 

We Are Carrying On 
A Great Work 

1988 General Conference Moderator's Address 

By Dale R. Stoffer 

THERE are times within the life 
of any group or nation when, be- 
cause of discouragement and lack of 
vision, dedicated and determined 
leadership is especially needed. Is- 
rael found itself in such a time fol- 
lowing the return of the exiles from 
Babylon under Zerubbabel. 

Zerubbabel had led the exiles back 
to Judah in 536 B.C. and aided the 
effort to rebuild the Temple, which 
was completed 20 years later in 516 
B.C. However, the people fell into a 
period of lethargy and discourage- 
ment thereafter due in large part to 
the fact that Jerusalem and its walls 
were still in a shambles. This condi- 
tion continued until 444 B.C. when 
Nehemiah, the Jewish cupbearer to 
King Artaxerxes, came on the scene. 
He had received the report from vis- 
itors from Judah, according to 
Nehemiah 1:3, that Those who sur- 
vived the exile and are back in the 
province are in great trouble and dis- 
grace. The wall of Jerusalem is bro- 
ken down, and its gates have been 
burned with fire. Historical cir- 
cumstances had created in the Jews 
who had returned to Judah a spirit 
of discouragement and lack of vision 
as to what to do. 

Brethren Church parallels 

Before I go on to share how 
Nehemiah responded to this situa- 
tion, I would like to draw some 
parallels to The Brethren Church. 
We too have gone through a period 
of discouragement and lethargy. It 
too was partially created by our his- 
torical situation. The division with 

Moderator Stoffer at the lectern where 
he delivered his moderator's address and 
presided over the General Conference 
business sessions. 

the Grace Brethren in 1939 left its 
toll in a lack of leadership, deep 
emotional scars, and a quandary as 
to our future. But we have not fully 
realized that the division which 
created our church in 1882-83 also 
left its marks. For in our reaction to 
the high-handed tactics of the 
Standing Committee of Annual 
Meeting, we retreated from account- 
ability and commitment to one 
another and fled into an indi- 
vidualism that too often paid only 
lip service to the importance of fel- 

lowship, mutual support, and en- 
couragement. The organizational 
structures that were developed in 
the ensuing years at the district and 
national levels partially reflected 
this reaction. When these tendencies 
combined with the trauma of 1939, 
it is all too understandable that the 
church entered a period of defeatism 
marked by lack of concerted, for- 
ward movement. 

A new generation of leaders 

This period began to draw to an 
end as a new generation of leaders 

— Bud Hamel, Joe Shultz, George 
Solomon, Charles Munson, and 
others — came to the fore at the end 
of the 50s and the beginning of the 
60s. In some sense the ill-effects of 
the 1939 division have been more 
easily counteracted though than 
those of the 1882-83 division. Many 
in this new generation of leaders 
recognized that the church lacked 
the structure to bring about greater 
accountability, a clearer sense of vis- 
ion and direction, the ability to work 
together with trust and a coopera- 
tive spirit. The denominational pol- 
ity (or church government) itself 
contributed to this problem and 
worked against true renewal. 

When we have been unable to 
make the necessary reforms in our 
church because of our structure, the 
feeling is reinforced: Why try! 
Nothing changes anyway! What are 
some of the problems which our 
structure has permitted? 

— Pastors going from church to 
church, district to district, dividing 

The Brethren Evangeust 

'May we, like the generation under Nehemiah's leadership, in 
prayerful trust in God, rally together in a spirit of love, coopera- 
tion, and unity to make the leadership and organizational changes 
necessary to meet our present and future challenges." 

churches with no recourse to inter- 

— A history of passing resolutions 
at General Conference but never im- 
plementing them. 

— Boards having little knowledge 
of what one another are doing 
through no fault of their own. 

— The notion that our church polity 
is strictly congregational so 
churches can do their own thing and 
support the program of the church 
only if they want to. 

Before I proceed, let me stress that 
the people involved on district and 
national boards and committees are 
conscientious and have sought to 
work out of love for the church, but 
our structure has impeded true prog- 
ress by diminishing communication, 
accountability, and cooperation. Dis- 
couragement and cynicism all too 
easily are the result. 

Nehemiah's solution 

What did Nehemiah and the 
people of Israel do in their day to 
address the problem in Judah? 
Nehemiah's first act was prayer. 
Nehemiah relates in Nehemiah 1:4, 
"When I heard these things, I sat 
down and wept. For some days I 
mourned and fasted and prayed be- 
fore the God of heaven." Nehemiah 
realized that the battle, so to speak, 
would be won or lost in the spiritual 
realm. He therefore confessed the 
collective sins of Israel, reminded 
God of His promises to Moses to re- 
store His people, and asked that God 
would grant him success. 

"The Brethren Church is 
only as strong as the in- 
dividuals who compose it, 
and our strength is in our 
relationship to our Lord." 

His second act was to lead the 
people to address the problem creat- 
ing the discouragement, that is, to 

rebuild the wall of Jerusalem. The 
key word here is leadership. His 
strong leadership was dependent, 
though, on his confidence that the 
Lord would bring success to the en- 
deavor (see Nehemiah 2:18 and 20). 

"Only as we rely on God's 
Spirit through prayer to 
guide us in our search 
for truth will we have a 
strong Brethren Church." 

Nehemiah's success did not occur, 
however, without facing discourage- 
ment among his people and threats 
from Israel's surrounding neighbors. 
In both cases his solution was to 
keep his attention focused on the 
task at hand and not allow these 
problems to divert his energy. Clas- 
sic is his response to his enemies 
who proposed a meeting with him 
with the ulterior motive of harming 
him. Note how he responded: "I am 
carrying on a great project and can- 
not go down. Why should the work 
stop while I leave it and go down to 
you?" (Nehemiah 6:3) 

A cooperative effort 

His third act was to motivate the 
people to cooperate to rebuild the 
walls. The key word here is cooper- 
ate. Rebuilding the walls of 
Jerusalem undoubtedly seemed to be 
a difficult if not impossible task. 
After all, it had been nearly 100 
years since the return from exile 
and no one had been audacious 
enough, or crazy enough, to suggest 
that the relatively small number of 
people could actually clear the rub- 
ble away and create a wall in its 
place. The task was impossible. 

But what happened, in spite of the 
threats and opposition, when they 
had the will to do the work? 
Nehemiah 4:6 states: "So we rebuilt 
the wall till all of it reached half its 
height, for the people worked with 

all their heart." And how long did it 
take — six months, one year, two 
years? Nehemiah 6:15 records: "So 
the wall was completed on the 
twenty-fifth of Elul, in fifty-two 
days." The key to this eff"ort was 
both the conviction that the Lord's 
hand was in it (see Nehemiah 6:16) 
and the willingness of every family 
or group to work on one small sec- 
tion of the wall (see chapter 3). By 
each group doing its part, by their 
cooperative effort, the wall was com- 
pleted in just fifty-two days. 

Application to our situation 

Let's make some application to 
our situation today. During my mod- 
erator year, I have focused on three 
areas of concern that I have for The 
Brethren Church. These correspond 
to the three ways in which 
Nehemiah responded to the situa- 
tion in Judah. 

The first concern is prayer and our 
individual spiritual lives. Just as 
Nehemiah realized that his battle 
would be won or lost in the spiritual 
realm, so must we. The Brethren 
Church is only as strong as the indi- 
viduals who compose it, and our 
strength is in our relationship to our 
Lord. Only as He is truly Lord of our 
individual lives at home, in the 
church, on the job, in the world will 
we have a strong Brethren Church. 

"Only as we immerse our- 
selves in the Bible, only 
as we are people of The 
Book, will we have a 
strong Brethren Church." 

Only as we immerse ourselves in 
the Bible, only as we are people of 
The Book, will we have a strong 
Brethren Church. Only as we rely 
on God's Spirit through prayer to 
guide us in our search for truth will 
we have a strong Brethren Church. 

I wish I could make a moderator's 

September 1988 


♦ ^' 

recommendation that would commit 
all of us to the discipline of personal 
devotions. But such personal disci- 
plines are not legislated; they are a 
matter of individual commitment 
based on our recognition of our need 
for God, His Word, His Spirit. As 
Richard Lovelace points out in his 
excellent work, Dynamics of 
Spiritual Life, renewal, both indi- 
vidually and corporately, begins 
with a recognition of who God is. His 
justice and love, and a recognition of 
who we are, people who, because of 
sin, are in constant need of His 
grace, forgiveness, love, and power. 
May each one of us pledge ourselves 
to seek to know the Lord and prac- 
tice what we know about God and 

A second concern 

My second concern corresponds to 
the element of cooperation that was 
so prominent in the process of re- 
building the walls of Jerusalem. I 
have a special concern for the rela- 
tional element of our faith — the 
qualities of love, trust, respect, for- 
giveness, cooperation, encourage- 
ment. If there is anything that our 
name "Brethren" commits us to, 
other than the fundamental commit- 
ment to Christ, it is to commitment 
to these relational qualities. 

Let me be frank here. At times we 
make a mockery of the name Breth- 
ren. We mock our name Brethren 
when we gossip about one another 
rather than confronting one another 
in love. We mock our name Brethren 
when an established group such as 
trustees, or deacons, or the official 
boards keeps such an iron grip on 
the reins of power that no pastor or 
new group of members can have any 
say. We mock our name Brethren 
when we as pastors use power poli- 
tics to get our way in our congrega- 
tions rather than earning the right 
to lead by love and respect. We mock 
our name Brethren when as local 
churches we thumb our noses at the 
district and national programs and 
do our own thing. 

Fortunately these scenarios are 

Moderator Stoffer with the Brethren seal, which was the logo for this year's Gen- 
eral Conference. The logo was made of "puzzle pieces" that had been cut out and sent to 
each district, local congregation, board, and institution in The Brethren Church. Rep- 
resentatives from these groups then brought the pieces to Conference and put them in 
their proper places on the seal. 

gradually lessening, but until they 
are extinct, let none of us be satis- 
fied. Allow me to present a bit of 
verse for your consideration: 

Baptism and communion 
do not good Brethren make 

But love of God and love of 
all for the Lord's sake. 

Here again, I make no recommen- 
dations, for these are relational and 
spiritual commitments which we 
must make to one another if we are 
to be truly Brethren. 

My final area of concern corres- 
ponds to Nehemiah's leadership in 
dealing with the problems of his 
day. Here I have in mind certain 
structural changes in the church 
which will give us the leadership 
and organization we need for effec- 
tively addressing our problems and 
moving forward toward commonly 
accepted goals. As I mentioned in 
the earlier part of my address, I 
firmly believe that many of our 
frustrations as a denomination stem 
from our organization. It has tended 
to decrease rather than increase 
cooperation, mutual accountability. 

and communication. We have been 
making headway in the last ten 
years, specifically in 1979 when we 
decided to hire a Director of Pastoral 
Ministries and in 1980 when Confer- 
ence authorized the establishment of 
a National Ordination Council. But 
more needs to be done if we wish to 
have the leadership and organiza- 
tion necessary to meet the chal- 
lenges of our present and the oppor- 
tunities of our future. And yes, I do 
have some recommendations here. 


We have seen much progress in 
pastoral-congregational relations 
since the hiring of the first Director 
of Pastoral Ministries, William 
Kerner, in 1980. But those of you 
who are aware of the work done by 
William Kerner and his successor, 
David Cooksey, know that a large 
part of it has been "putting out 
fires." More time needs to be focused 
on preventive medicine such as 
meetings with every pastor and con- 
gregation yearly, holding leader- 
ship, deacon, and church growth 
seminars, and other activities which 
will promote maturity. The solution 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"/ wish I could make a moderator's recommendation that would commit 
all of us to the discipline of personal devotions. But such personal discip- 
hnes are not legislated; they are a matter of individual commitment " 

is not to ask David Cooksey to work 
168 hours a week. My first recom- 
mendation therefore is that this 
100th General Conference expand 
the Pastoral Ministries office so that 
there is one person fulfilling this 
role in each of the four regions of the 
church: West, Plains, Mideast, and 
East (these regions correspond to 
those established for electing re- 
gional representatives to the Gen- 
eral Conference Executive Council). 
We should be as creative as possible 
in implementing this recommenda- 
tion through the use of part-time 
personnel initially and/or phasing it 
in over a specified number of years. ^ 

Director of Church Ministries 

One of the significant General 
Conference decisions that was never 
fully implemented was the 1979 
restructuring proposal to phase in 
three denominational executives: 
the Director of Pastoral Ministries, 
the Director of Denominational 
Business, and the Director of De- 
nominational Ministries. Though 
the position of Director of Pastoral 
Ministries has demonstrated its 
value, the position of Director of De- 
nominational Business, phased in in 
1982, did not have enough work to 
warrant a full-time employee. The 
idea of the Director of Denomina- 
tional Ministries (the Polity Com- 
mittee prefers the title. Director of 
Brethren Church Ministries) cannot 
be left to languish. There is no 
employee in the National Office 
whose function it is to coordinate the 
work of all the boards and commit- 
tees, help develop and implement 
denominational goals and programs, 
monitor the course of the church, 
and give us vision. Brethren, we 
cannot expect significant forward 
movement until we have such a per- 

^The General Conference Executive Coun- 
cil (GCEC) made this response to this rec- 
ommendation: "We recognize the value of 
this concept, but due to budgetary limita- 
tions we recommend that Conference au- 
thorize the GCEC to explore alternatives to 
implementing the concept and report back 
to the 1989 Conference." Conference 
adopted this GCEC recommendation. 

son. My second recommendation is 
that this 100th General Conference 
move ahead with the final phase of 
the denominational restructuring 
plan that was accepted by General 
Conference in 1979 — the hiring of a 
Director of Brethren Church Minis- 
tries. This step can be implemented 

"I truly 


that we are 

entering a 

new era in 

The Brethren 


by approval of an increase in the 
National Office apportionment of 
$3.00 per Church Growth Index 
point. 2 

Another organizational problem 
our denomination possesses is our 
present board structure. To the cred- 
it of our present board personnel, 
they have sought to work together, 
but such cooperation is voluntary 
and not required by the structure. 
Rather than fostering cooperation, 
mutual accountability, and com- 
munication, the structure, not the 
personnel, tends to discourage these 
elements. Therefore my third recom- 
mendation is that this 100th Gen- 
eral Conference adopt the Polity 
Committee's proposal for the re- 
structuring of denominational 
ministries. The restructuring would 
occur during the 1988-89 conference 
year with all legal, financial, and or- 
ganizational details to be finalized 

^Conference adopted this recommendation 
and approved the $3.00 increase in afppor- 
tionment needed to implement it. (See the 
article on Conference Business in the Con- 
ference Report section.) 

prior to the 1989 General Confer- 

Because the General Conference 
Executive Council plays such a sig- 
nificant part in the work of our de- 
nomination and because we need the 
most capable people to be nominated 
for service on the council, my fourth 
recommendation is that this 100th 
General Conference amend the Man- 
ual of Procedure by specifying that 
the outgoing Past Moderator shall 
serve as the chairman of the 
Nominating Committee.^ 

In the spirit of the 100th General 
Conference and in keeping with our 
Conference theme, "Let Us Be 
Brethren," my final recommenda- 
tion is that this 100th General Con- 
ference urge every congregation to 
assume its full responsibilities as a 
part of the body of Christ known as 
The Brethren Church by (1) claim- 
ing our joint denominational minis- 
tries as its own, (2) sharing insights 
and suggestions for enhancing the 
work of the church through its re- 
gional representatives on the Gen- 
eral Conference Executive Council, 
and (3) giving cheerfully the fair 
share amount to all denominational 

A new era in the church 

I truly believe that we are enter- 
ing a new era in The Brethren 
Church. We have been making in- 
creasing progress since the 60s but 
especially since the late 70s, and I 
trust that we will continue that 
progress this week. May we, like 
the generation under Nehemiah's 
leadership, in prayerful trust in 
God, rally together in a spirit of 
love, cooperation, and unity to make 
the leadership and organizational 
changes necessary to meet our pres- 
ent and future challenges. We, like 
Nehemiah, are carrying on a great 
work because it is God's work. Let 
us be assured of that, and may God 
grant us success. [+] 

^Conference adopted this recommendation. 
{See the article on Conference Business.) 
''Conference adopted this recommendation. 
^Conference adopted this recommendaiton. 

September 1988 

General Conference Report 

"A New Era in The Brethren Church" 

The 100th General Conference 

Engenders a Spirit of Optimism 

About the Future of The Brethren Church 

A report of the Conference, held August 1-5 in Ashland, Ohio. 

"/ truly believe that we are entering a new era in 
The Brethren Church." This conviction, professed 
by Dr. Dale Staffer in his General Conference mod- 
erator's address, seemed to be one shared by many 
Brethren as the 100th General Conference of the 
Brethren Church drew to a close. 

The week had been a very positive experience — 
thoughtful, challenging messages by Brethren 
speakers; a spirit of cooperation in business ses- 
sions; a time of renewed commitments; and a week 
of warm Christian fellowship (both literally and 
figuratively so, for it was a very hot week). Many 
people left this Conference with a new feeling of op- 
timism about the future of The Brethren Church. 

But in order for this optimism to be warranted, 
the spirit of this Conference must not be allowed to 

languish. Items of business approved must be car- 
ried out; commitments made must be fulfilled; new 
ideas received must be shared with others and put 
into action; and spiritual fires set burning must be 
fanned to keep them from dying. 

It is to these ends that the moderator's address on 
the preceding pages and the General Conference 
Report that follows are printed. May they be a re- 
minder of what took place to those who attended, 
and a means of sharing the ideas, the decisions, 
and, most of all, the spirit of optimism and en- 
thusiasm of the Conference with those who could 
not attend — so that The Brethren Church may in- 
deed enter a new era of increased growth, of more 
dedicated service to the Lord, and of greater out- 
reach to the world. 


Visitors from the Past 
Bring Challenges for the Future 

"Visitors from Our Past — Chal- 
lenges for the Future" was the 
theme for the opening service of 
the 100th General Conference of 
The Brethren Church. The visitors 
from the past were five Brethren 
leaders who made their mark on 
The Brethren Church and who 
have since gone to be with the 
Lord. Each visitor shared a few 
biographical details, told some- 
thing about his or her contribution 
to The Brethren Church, and gave 
a few words of exhortation to the 
assembled Brethren as they look to 
the future. 

First to visit was Elder Henry 
Holsinger (Dr. Charles Munson), 
1833-1905, magazine publisher and 
editor, pastor, Progressive leader, 
and one of the principal actors in 
the drama that led to the founding 
of The Brethren Church. Elder 

Making a special 
return visit to 
this 100th Gen- 
eral Conference 
were (I. to r.) 
Elder George Ronk 
(John Shultz), 
Elder Henry Hol- 
singer (Charles 
Munson), Miss 
Viana Detwiler 
(Bertha Wyatt), 
Dr. J. Allen 
Miller (Richard 
Allison), and Dr. 
C.F. Yoder (Brad 

Photo by Ronald W. Waters 

Holsinger exhorted present-day 
Brethren to practice two themes of 
great importance to Brethren of his 
day — "Let every possible means 
for the conversion of souls be put 
forth at all times and under all cir- 

cumstances"; and "Let us seek to 
know the Lord and practice what 
we know." 

Next to visit was Viana Detwiler 
(Bertha Wyatt), c. 1869-1921, a 
teacher, home and foreign (Cana- 

The Brethren Evangeust 

General Conference Report 

da) mission worker, and president 
of and organizer for the Sisters' So- 
ciety of Christian Endeavor (pred- 
ecessor of the Woman's Mission- 
ary Society). Miss Detwiler re- 
minded the Brethren that "We find 
happiness in serving others," and 
that "Service is a way of hfe." 

The third visitor was Dr. J. Allen 
Miller (Dr. Richard Allison), 1866- 
1935, an educator and church 
leader who served as president of 
Ashland College, then as dean of 
the college's Bible department, and 
later as the first dean of Ashland 
Theological Seminary. Dr. Miller 
said that it had been his dream to 
be a great biblical scholar, but that 
he realized his dream by preparing 
others for service in the church. He 
concluded, "I had a dream. But God 
called me to service. . . . Perhaps 
God is calling you to give up your 
dream in order to serve." 

Next to appear was Dr. C. F. 
Yoder (Rev. Brad Weidenhamer), 
1873-1955, a teacher. Evangelist 
editor, and missionary who found- 
ed Brethren mission work in Argen- 
tina. Dr. Yoder urged Brethren to- 
day to practice the Brethren maxim: 
"In essentials unity. In nonessen- 
tials liberty. In all things charity." 

The final visitor from the past 
was Elder George Ronk (Dr. John 
Shultz), 1881-1964, a pastor and 
evangelist, but also an indus- 
trialist, inventor, engineer, and de- 
signer of machinery and equip- 
ment. While admitting that he was 
known to be "quick on the trigger," 
Elder Ronk nevertheless urged 
Brethren to "nurture the dove of 
peace." He concluded with this bit 

of advice: "As you move into the fu- 
ture, know what you're doing, then 
go for it." 

During the minutes between 
these visits. Moderator Dale Stoffer 
led the assembled Brethren in an 
activity that focused on the church 
today. Prior to Conference, a giant 
replica of the Brethren seal had 
been made. This seal was then cut 
into puzzle pieces, and one piece of 
the puzzle was sent to each local 
church, denominational board, dis- 
trict, institution, and auxiliary in 
The Brethren Church. Each of 
these groups was asked to choose a 
representative to bring that piece 
to Conference. 

During the intermissions be- 
tween the visitors, as Moderator 
Stoffer read the names of the vari- 
ous churches and groups, their rep- 
resentatives came forward and 
placed their pieces on the puzzle. 
The names were grouped by 20- 
year periods, according to when the 
organization was formed. 

It was obvious that the largest 
group of names was from the first 
20-year period (actually 26 years, 
but the period during which the 
first 20 General Conferences were 
held). In fact, Moderator Stoffer 
noted that 75 of our current 125 
churches (60%) were formed during 
this 26-year period. It is worth not- 
ing that the second largest group 
seemed to be the last 20-year 
period (1968-88), suggesting that 
The Brethren Church has recap- 
tured some of its early vitality. 

During the closing minutes of 
the service, Dr. Stoffer focused on 
the future, reminding the Brethren 

Piecing together the Brethren seal. 
Every local church and denominational 
organization had a piece of the seal 
that it was to bring to Conference 
and fit into the puzzle — an activity 
designed to show that in order to "be 
Brethren," we must all work together, 
with each group doing its part. 

Photo by Ron W. Waters. 

that God has provided us with all 
the resources for that future — His 
word, prayer. His Spirit, time, fi- 
nances, spiritual gifts, etc. But the 
questions before us are: Will we 
use these resources? Will we give 
attention to our personal spiritual 
development? And will we touch 
the world's need through evan- 
gelism and social concern. 

The service concluded with Rev. 
Mark Baker singing a song that 
capsulized the concern of the eve- 
ning. Two lines of the refrain said, 
"May all who come behind us find 
us faithful," and "May the fire of 
our devotion light their way." 


Messages by Brethren Elders 
On Topics Important to Brethren 

In keeping with the Conference 
theme, "Let Us Be Brethren," the 
six inspirational speakers for this 
year's gathering were all Brethren 
elders. The topics of their messages 
were, likewise, themes of special 
significance to Brethren. 

Following are brief overviews of 

the messages by these six men. 
These accounts were written by 
several Conference "reporters," 
who are identified in footnotes. 

Rev. William Kerner 

God called Abraham — for a 
reason. In 1708 God called the 

Brethren — for a reason! With 
these words. Elder William Kerner 
began a stirring challenge to the 
Brethren to make Jesus our Lord 
— not to pay Him lip service an 
hour or two each week, but to 
make Him Lord of every minute of 
our lives. (continued on next page) 

September 1988 

General Conference Report 

Many people accept Christ as 
Savior; few are willing to give Him 
complete control of their lives, said 
Rev. Kerner, formerly Director of 
Pastoral Ministries in the Brethren 
Church, now supervisor of Home 
Missions for the Missionary Board. 
Yet in the New Testament Jesus is 
called "Savior" 24 times; He is 
called "Lord" 634 times. 

Rev. Kerner noted that the 
Lordship of Jesus Christ is basic to 
all Brethren beliefs. Using Mat- 
thew 28:18-20 as his base, he gave 
three pointed reminders: 

First, if Christ is Lord, we must 
submit to His authority. Often we 
map out our lives, then ask, 
"Why?" when things happen that 
don't fit in with our plans or that 
don't seem fair. Everything belongs 
to God; He has the right to do with 
it whatever He wants. 

Second, if Christ is Lord, we 
must go and make disciples. This is 
not a suggestion; it is a command! 
In order to do this, we need a clear 
concept of conversion. Conversion 
means change. One's allegiance 
and one's worldview must change. 
In order to go and make disciples, 
we also need to restore the concept 
of "lostness." When an old Breth- 
ren met a friend he had not seen 
for some time, he would inquire, 
"Is all your family in?" If they are 
not "in" Christ, they are lost. 

Third, if Christ is Lord, we must 
obey His teachings. Jesus asked, 
"Why do you call me Lord, Lord, 
and do not do what I say?" 

The service ended with the en- 
tire Conference on its knees sing- 
ing "He Is Lord" in recommitment 
to the Lordship of Christ.^ 

Rev. Robert Westfall 

Rev. Robert Westfall challenged 
Brethren to submit to the author- 
ity of Christ by submitting to God's 
word, in his Wednesday morning 
message on "The Importance of 

Rev. Westfall, pastor of the 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio, First Brethren 
Church, offered several guidelines 

'This report of Rev. Kerner's message 
was written by Maxine Craver, a member 
of the Maurertown, Va., Brethren Church 
and wife of Pastor Richard Craver. 

for using the Bible as a practical 
tool for submitting to the authority 
of Jesus. First, we must under- 
stand what the Bible is — the in- 
spired, inerrant, authoritative 
word of God. 

Second, we must come to an un- 
derstanding of the vital relation- 
ship between Jesus Christ and 
Scripture. We cannot say, "Jesus 
Christ is Lord," and reject the au- 
thority of Scripture, for the author- 
ity of Scripture is the authority of 
Jesus. They are indivisible. 

Third, we must apply Scripture 
to life (a) by keeping the Bible in 
mind in every decision we make; 
(b) by holding firmly to such bibli- 
cal truths as the inspiration of 
Scripture, the virgin birth and 
deity of Jesus Christ and His sub- 
stitutionary death and resurrec- 
tion, salvation by faith through 
grace, and the second coming of 
Christ; and (c) by having an ongo- 
ing, growing relationship with the 
Bible that includes reading it regu- 
larly, meditating on what it says, 
putting it into practice, and pro- 
claiming it to others.^ 

Rev. Leroy Solomon 

"The Call to Service" was the 
focus of the Wednesday evening 
message by Rev. Leroy Solomon, 
pastor of the Winding Waters 
Brethren Church of Elkhart, Ind. 
Defining "the call" as an inner urg- 
ing from God to some duty. Pastor 
Solomon interwove his own and the 
Prophet Isaiah's (Isa. 6:1-8) experi- 
ences to illustrate what he under- 
stands about the call of God. He 

^This report of Rev. Westfall's message was 
written by Rev. Roger Stogsdill, pastor of the 
Lathrop, Cahf , Brethren Church. 

used the words "circumstance," 
"character," "call," and "conse- 
quences" to outline his message. 

God uses circumstances to get 
our attention so that we will look 
at Him. In Isaiah's case the cir- 
cumstance was the death of King 
^ Uzziah; in Rev. 
Solomon's case 
it was his owti 
sense of unful- 
fillment and a 
searching ques- 
tion from 
Rev. Charles 
Munson (his 
God also uses 
Photo by Bill Cole. character, His 

own holy character in contrast 
with our sinful character. But God 
can take those who recognize their 
sinfulness and purify them for His 

The call and the message are the 
same as they were 2,000 years ago 
— the Great Commission in 
Matthew 28:19-20. Today 3 billion 
people haven't heard the message. 
When God asked, "Who will go 
. . . ?" Isaiah said, "Here am I. 
Send me!" We, too, need to respond. 
But it requires personal sacrifice. 

The consequences of answering 
God's call are in His hands. He de- 
termines the outcome of one's 
ministry. Our responsibility is to 
respond to His call. 

As the service concluded, approx- 
imately 15 to 20 people responded 
to an invitation to come forward 
and make public acknowledgement 
that they were experiencing Grod's 
call upon their lives. ^ 

•^This report of Rev. Solomon's message 
was written by the editor. 



(I. to r.) 


Dr. Arden 

■l "' 

Gilmer, Rev. 

H -' 

Bill Kerner. 


and Rev. Bob 





at an in- 


formal time 


during the 



The Brethren Evangelist 

Dr. Arden Gilmer 

Dr. Arden Gilmer, pastor of the 
Park Street Brethren Church in 
Ashland, spoke on "The Impor- 
tance of Accountability" during the 
Thursday morning inspirational 
service. He told delegates that even 
though accountability is sometimes 
a painful process, it is necessary if 
we are to make progress in our per- 
sonal lives and as churches. 

He defined accountability as the 
application of the Lordship of 
Christ and the authority of God's 
word, the Bible, to our lives. We 
are responsible to obey the Lord 
and will one day give Him an ac- 
count for how we have done. 

Accountability also pertains to 
our commitment to one another as 
Brethren. We are a "covenant com- 
munity," responsible for the wel- 
fare of one another. Delegates were 
encouraged to become part of a 
small group of confidants who hold 
one another accountable. The 
speaker warned, however, against 
legalistic and judgmental account- 
ability. He said that our model 
should be the loving concern of a 
family for one another. 

Dr. Gilmer shared how the mem- 
bers of the Ashland Park Street 
congregation had sought to discern 
God's priorities for them as a 
church. These priorities were then 
used to evaluate church ministries 
as a means of holding them ac- 

According to Dr. Gilmer, as ac- 
countability is properly exercised, 
it enables us to become more the 
kind of people and the kind of 
churches that God would have us 
to be.4 

Dr. Jerry Flora 

If the Brethren Church goes any- 
where in the future, it will be be- 
cause we have caught up with our 
heritage from the past, said Dr. 
Jerry Flora, professor of New 
Testament theology at Ashland 
Theological Seminary, in a mes- 
sage on "Historic Brethren Em- 

*This report of Dr. Gilmer's message was 
written by Rev. Harold Walton, pastor of 
the New Paris, Ind., First Brethren 

phases" during the Thursday even- 
ing worship service. 

Using Matthew 9:35-38 and 10:1, 
5-8 as his text. Dr. Flora pointed 
out that the priorities of Jesus 
were preaching, 
teaching, and 
healing. He 
added that the 
interests of the 
church should 
be the interests 
of Christ. 
In the text, 
Jesus com- 
manded His disciples to pray for 
laborers to go into the harvest, 
then sent those same disciples to do 
the job. Dr. Flora drew the conclu- 
sion that we are often the answer 
to our own prayers. 

Women of The Brethren Church 
have answered the call to the har- 
vest fields as well as men. Dr. 
Flora gave several examples of 
women who served as evangelists, 
as preachers sent by the W.M.S., 
and as pastors of churches. We 
need to recapture the vision and 
enthusiasm of these women who 
served so well in the past. 

God's priorities remain the same, 
but programs change in the work 
of the church. The early Progres- 
sive Brethren tried various ap- 
proaches, such as having a na- 
tional evangelist, opposing sub- 
stance abuse, speaking out for 
women's suffrage, and opposing 
militarism. They planted churches, 
established a college, and encour- 
aged one another at the local, dis- 
trict, and national levels. Brethren 
of today need to catch up with the 

Dr. Flora concluded his message 
by repeating a story he used to 
begin the message — about an In- 
dian who took an eagle egg from a 
nest high in the mountains, which 
he placed in a nest of prairie chick- 
en eggs. The egg hatched and the 
eagle grew up thinking it was a 
prairie chicken. It died, never soar- 
ing like an eagle, as God intended. 
May this not happen to the Breth- 
ren Church, he said. Let us rise up 
like eagles with God's strength and 
fulfill what God intends us to be 
and to do! 

Photo by Bill Cole. 

General Conference Report 

As Dr. Flora concluded his up- 
beat, stirring message, the crowd 
rose to give a standing ovation.^ 

Dr. Fred Finks 

Early Brethren were a people 
who dared to care deeply for one 
another, said Dr. Fred Finks, vice- 
president of Ashland Theological 
Seminary, in a message on 
"Mutual Commitment and Love" 
during the Friday morning inspira- 
tional service. To illustrate this 
fact, he gave a 
^ '^^fHJIK brief sketch of 

the life of Alex- 
ander Mack, 
one of the origi- 
nal eight Breth- 
ren, pointing 
out that Mack 
sacrificed his 
position in the 
community, his 
reputation, and 
his wealth in 
order to be part of a new communi- 
ty. "Mack modeled for the Brethren 
what it means to be part of a com- 
munity," he said. 

A community is people caring for 
one another. Dr. Finks continued. 
We in The Brethren Church are a 
community, as indicated by our 
concern for one another. This is our 

But our greatest strength can 
also be our greatest weakness, he 
warned, if it is only turned inward. 
Out commitment to love one 
another must also be a commit- 
ment to reach out and love others 
and bring them in. If we learn to 
love properly, he added, people 
won't see us — they will see Christ. 
Let us love one another, Dr. 
Finks concluded. But let us also 
love our neighbor (those outside 
the church) as we love ourselves.^ 

^This report of Dr. Flora's message was 

written by Dr. Harold Barnett, pastor of 

the Hagerstown, Md., First Brethren 


^This report of Dr. Finks' message was 

written by the editor. 

During Conference week several 
offerings were taken for Confer- 
ence expenses. The total amount 
received was $2,432.51. 

September 1988 


General Conference Report 

Conference Business Sessions 

The Conference theme, "Let Us 
Be Brethren," was put into practice 
during the daily business sessions, 
which were never marred by the 
squabbles that usually occur once 
or twice during Conference week. 
This despite the fact that the Con- 
ference dealt with at least two 
potentially explosive issues — a 
proposal for reorganizing several 
denominational boards into minis- 
tries, and a recommendation that 
the denominational apportionment 
be raised by $3.00 per Church 
Growth Index Point. 

While we trust that the peaceful- 
ness of the business sessions was 
due in large part to the delegates' 
attempts to practice the Conference 
theme, credit must also be given to 
Moderator Dale Stoffer for the ex- 

tensive groundwork he laid before 
Conference, and to Moderator Stof- 
fer and Polity Committee members 
Ronald W. Waters and Gerald Barr 
for the excellent leadership they 
provided during the discussion of 
several difficult items of business. 
Restructuring. The first major 
item of business, one which took 
much of the Tuesday business ses- 
sion, was the Polity Committee's 
proposal for restructuring of de- 
nominational ministries. According 
to this proposal (described in detail 
on pp. 13-14 of the June Evangel- 
ist) the Benevolent Board, Breth- 
ren Publishing Company Board, 
Board of Christian Education, and 
World Relief Board will be phased 
out during the coming year, and 
their various areas of responsibil- 

ity will become ministry areas 
under the General Conference 
Executive Council. Commissions 
will be formed, as needed, to help 
carry out the work of these minis- 
tries, and funding for the minis- 
tries will be included in a unified 
Brethren Church budget. (Note: 
the Missionary Board will continue 
as a separate board and have its 
own independent budget). Confer- 
ence delegates approved this reor- 
ganization plan, with implementa- 
tion to occur during the 1988-89 
Conference year. 

Director of Brethren Church 
Ministries. A related item of busi- 
ness was the moderator's recom- 
mendation that the denomination 
proceed with the hiring of a Direc- 
tor of Brethren Church Ministries 

First Woman Chosen Moderator-Elect 
In Executive Council Elections 

Delegates made history at this 
milestone 100th General Confer- 
ence when, for the first time ever, 
they chose a woman — Dr. Mary 
Ellen Drushal — as moderator- 

Dr. Drushal, a member of Ash- 
land Park Street Brethren Church, 
is associate professor of Christian 
education at Ashland Theological 
Seminary. An Ashland College 
graduate (B.S. in Music Ed., 1969), 
she also has degrees from George 
Peabody College (M.S., 1981) and 
Vanderbilt University (Ph.D., 
1986), and has had considerable 
professional experience in Chris- 
tian education in local churches. 
She is the wife of J. Michael Drush- 
al, assistant professor of computer 
systems at Ashland College, and 
the mother of two teenage children. 
Dr. Drushal will preside over the 
1990 General Conference. 

Presiding over the 1989 Confer- 
ence will be Moderator Kenneth L. 
Sulliuan (elected last year), pastor 
of the Trinity Brethren Church in 
Canton, Ohio. An Ashland College 
(B.A., 1960) and Ashland Theologi- 

cal Seminary (M.Div., 1974) 
graduate, Rev. Sullivan pastored 
the Walcrest Brethren Church 
(Mansfield, Ohio) while in semi- 
nary and the Lathrop, Calif, 
Brethren Church before going to 
Canton Trinity in 1981. He and his 
wife Jeanette have two young 
adult daughters. 

Only two other persons were 
elected to the General Conference 
Executive Council (GCEC) this 
year. Chosen as an at-large 
member was Mrs. Helen Garner, 
member and deaconess of the 
North Manchester, Ind., First 

Rev. Kenneth 

Sullivan (2nd from 

left), the 1989 

General Conference 

moderator, with 

newly elected GCEC 

members — (I. to r.) 


Dr. Mary Ellen 

Drushal, Plains 

representative Dr. 

Jim Hollinger, and 

at-large member 

Mrs. Helen Garner. 

Photo by Ron Waters. 

Brethren Church. A retired 
elementary school teacher, Mrs. 
Garner is the wife of former mod- 
erator Dr. Warren Garner. 

Reelected to GCEC this year, 
after a one-year rest, was Dr. 
James Hollinger, a surgeon and a 
member of the Jefferson Brethren 
Church, Goshen, Ind. Dr. Hollinger 
will represent the Plains region 
(Indiana and Central Districts). 

Previously-elected voting mem- 
bers continuing on GCEC include 
past moderator Dr. Dale Stoffer; at- 
large members Teresa Hensley and 
Dr. John Shultz; East representa- 
tive Norma Waters; Mideast rep- 
resentative Rev. William Walk; 
and West representative Rev. Jim 


The Brethren Evangeust 

(as approved in principle several 
years ago). This person will be an 
employee of the General Confer- 
ence Executive Council and will be 
the one responsible for overseeing 
the operation of the Brethren 
Church ministries. Delegates ap- 
proved the hiring of this person 
as well as a $3.00-per-Church- 
Growth-Index-Point increase in ap- 
portionment to provide the neces- 
sary funding. (This raises the 1989 
apportionment for General Confer- 
ence ministries to $10.00 per 
Church Growth Index Point.) 

Membership. Another major 
item of business was consideration 
of a paper on church membership 
prepared by the General Confer- 
ence Polity Committee (which was 
printed on pp. 10-12 of the June 
EVANGELIST). This paper was 
adopted as the concept of member- 
ship in The Brethren Church. 

Denominational giving. When 
they accepted the report of the 
General Conference Goals Commit- 
tee, delegates also approved a 
change that bases "fair share" giv- 
ing amounts on Church Growth 

Index* rather than the past 
method of basing them on member- 
ship. (This action was in accord- 
ance with a recommendation in the 
paper on church membership). 

Fair share giving amounts for 
1989 (in addition to the $10.00 
General Conference ministries ap- 
portionment mentioned above) are 
as follows: 

Benevolent Board 

$ 4.00 



Bd. of Christian Ed 



G.I. P. 

Ashland College 




Ashland Theo. Sem 




Minis. Student Aid 




Missionary Board 




Brethren Pub. Co. 




World Relief Board 




Christian Campus Ministry 


G.I. P. = Growth Index Point 

Fair share giving amounts are 

*A congregation's Church Growth Index 
is the sum of its membership, average wor- 
ship attendance, and average Sunday school 
attendance, which is then divided by three. 
Since this figure is usually smaller than the 
membership figure, the fair share giving 
amount per Growth Index Point was in- 
creased (by about 35%) over the amount per 
member, but the total fair share giving 
amount for most churches will still be ap- 
proximately the same. 

General Conference Report 

included for the Benevolent Board, 
Board of Christian Education, 
Brethren Publishing Company, 
and World Relief Board for 1989, 
the year of transition from boards 
to ministries. Beginning in 1990 
funding needs for these areas of 
ministry will be included in the ap- 
portionment for General Confer- 
ence Ministries. 

Church given new status. In 
recognition of the growth and de- 
velopment of the Brethren Fellow- 
ship of the Savior, a Home Mission 
congregation in Cleveland Heights, 
Ohio, Conference officially changed 
its status from that of "class" to 
"mission congregation" 

1989 Conference Theme. Rev. 
Kenneth Sullivan, next year's mod- 
erator, announced that the 1989 
Conference theme will be "Jesus Is 
Lord," and the theme verse Colos- 
sians 1:18. Next year's Conference, 
as determined at last year's gather- 
ing, will be held August 7-11 on 
the Manchester College campus in 
North Manchester, Ind. Conference 
will return to Ashland College Au- 
gust 6-10 in 1990. 

Banquet Provides Opportunity For 
World Relief Board to Say "Thank You" 

Rev. Marlin McCann, president 
of the World Relief Board of The 
Brethren Church, extended a 
heartfelt thank you to members of 
The Brethren Church during the 
Conference World Relief Banquet 
held Tuesday evening for their 
generous giving to World Relief In 
1987 The Brethren Church ranked 
second in per capita giving to the 
World Relief Corporation of the 
National Association of Evangeli- 
cals (NAE), surpassed only by the 
Missionary Church in the amount 
of one penny per member. 

To demonstrate its appreciation, 
the World Relief Board sponsored a 
banquet this Conference rather 
than the usual soup lunch. We 
feasted on fruit cup, salad, beef tips 
with noodles, green beans, and 
walnut cake. We were reminded by 
the speaker, however, that a ban- 
quet of this type is virtually un- 

known to some cultures. 

The speaker was Martin Hartog, 
director of denominational and 
church relations for World Relief 
Corporation (WRC) of NAE. Mr. 
Hartog, who immigrated to Canada 
from the Netherlands in 1952, be- 
came a Christian in 1958 and has 
served in various capacities with 
WRC since 1980. He traveled to 
Ashland, obtained lodging, and ad- 
dressed the banquet at no expense 
to the World Relief Board. 

His message was brief and to the 
point. He stated that WRC is "not 
just a fire department going 
around putting out fires," but an 
organization involved in preven- 
tive work as well. He related the 
story of a male nurse named John 
who was ignored and shunned as a 
Christian in West Africa. But 
through John's involvement with 
World Relief, his neighbors began 

to realize that his Christianity was 
"more than just talk." One neigh- 
bor said, "If your God gives people 
that kind of love, we want to know 

Mr. Hartog also assured us that 
only 13 percent of the money we 
donate to WRC is used for adminis- 
trative cost. The remaining 87 per- 
cent goes directly into service 
around the world. 

One of Mr. Hartog's most start- 
ling statistics, however, was this: 
"Every 17 hours a McDonald's res- 
taurant opens somewhere in the 
world, yet thousands of people are 
starving to death." Mr. Hartog also 
stated, "We cannot change our 
past, but we can change our princi- 
ples and we can change cir- 
cumstances." Let us continue to 
support World Relief to the best of 
our abilities and change some cir- 

— Rev. Dan Lawson 

Rev. Lawson is pastor of the Oakville, 
Ind., First Brethren Church and a 
member of the World Relief Board. 

September 1988 


General Conference Report: Auxiliaries 

National W.M.S. Sessions 

"Widen My Vision in the Light" 
was the title of W.M.S. National 
President Donna Stoffer's message 
during the Tuesday W.M.S. session 
at General Conference. She told of 
a senior saint who recently had 
cataract surgery, and how much 
more this person now saw, which 
she had been missing before. She 
noted that our world, likewise, is 
different when we see it through 
the eyes of Jesus. She then told 
how her own eyes had been opened 
this past year as she attended dis- 
trict conferences and local society 
events. She reported both en- 
couraging and discouraging de- 
velopments in W.M.S. work in the 
various districts. 

The W.M.S. Conference theme 
song, "Share His Light," was writ- 
ten by Mrs. Nancy Hunn of the 
Warsaw W.M.S., who also served 
as song leader for the W.M.S. ses- 
sions. Mrs. Hunn said she felt that 
the Lord had written the song, be- 
cause when she sat down to work 
on it, she had the melody and lyrics 
within half an hour. 

Devotions for the daily sessions 
were led by Mrs. Carol Gilbert of 
the West Alexandria W.M.S. She 
used Tupperware containers. Cool 

Whip tubs, and a well-worn tooth- 
brush to emphasize that God uses 
us even though we are less than 
perfect and that whatever our tal- 
ents and abilities, we should use 
them for the Lord. 

A major item of business was ap- 
proval of changes to the national 
W.M.S. constitution. These pertained 
to the structure of the executive 
board, the preamble, and clarifica- 
tion of language. One major change 
was made in goals for the coming 
year — an increase in dues from 
$7.00 to $7.50, made necessary by 
increased postage costs. 

All elected officers were re- 
elected for another year — Donna 
Stoffer, president; Helen Dickson, 
vice-president; Joanne Kroft, fi- 
nancial secretary; and Dorothy 
Carpenter, treasurer. All appointed 
officers were likewise reappointed, 
except sewing chairman and sister- 
hood patroness, who will be named 

A hilarious presentation by 
Suzanne Barr of Mansfield entitled 
"Suzy Anne Goes to Conference" 
was the highlight of the W.M.S. 
luncheon, held on Thursday. 
Dressed like a little girl and sitting 
in a huge rocking chair, she gave a 

National Laymen Sessions 

Brethren Laymen need to 
expand their thinking. Dr. Donald 
Kelley told men attending the Na- 
tional Laymen Organization (NLO) 
Tuesday session at General Confer- 
ence. Kelley, a medical doctor from 
Sarver, Pa., who gave up his prac- 
tice to attend Ashland Theological 
Seminary, used Jesus' feeding of 
the 5,000 and the mind-expanding 
effect this had on the disciples as 
the basis for his remarks. 

Kelley noted that we live in a 
changing world, but that Brethren 
for the most part have not changed 
their approach to reaching that 
world. He suggested that what The 
Brethren Church needs is prayer, a 
burden for the lost (ministry to 

youth under 18), vision, leadership, 
and laymen called and willing to 
serve who are praying, supporting 
leaders, increasing their giving, 
and loving the Brethren. 

Mr. David Bush, owner and 
operator of a medical supply busi- 
ness and a member of the Nap- 
panee, Ind., First Brethren Church, 
was the speaker for the Wednesday 
NLO session. His message focused 
on service. He acknowledged that 
serving others goes against our 
natural lifestyle, but said that 
Christ can give us the strength to 
serve. He said that there is no 
greater act we can perform than to 
serve God in any capacity. 

Dr. Fred Finks, vice-president of 

Suzy Anne Barr "tells all" as she 
gives a child's-eye view of going to Gen- 
eral Conference. 

child's-eye view of a trip to Confer- 
ence that kept the audience in con- 
stant laughter. The annual Project 
Offering ingathering was also held 
during this luncheon, with more 
than $10,000 received for church 
planting in Mexico and the United 

The annual Thank Offering in- 
gathering was held during the 
Thursday afternoon session, with 
$10,150.41 being received — a new 
record for this ingathering at Con- 
ference. A total of 128 delegates, 15 
officers, and 14 guests registered 
for the W.M.S. sessions. 

Written by the editor from Secretary 
Trudy Kerner's minutes. 

Ashland Theological Seminary, ad- 
dressed a combined group of 
laymen and pastors following the 
annual men and boys picnic on 
Thursday. Speaking on the subject 
"Partners in Ministry," Dr. Finks 
challenged the laymen to see them- 
selves as God's people in the world. 
He suggested that they might want 
to call themselves "Men With a 
Mission" and proposed as specific 
goals that they (1) be encouragers 
of youth, leading them to be faith- 
ful people of God; (2) be supporters 
of youth, through scholarships and 
educational funds; (3) be builders 
of churches — men with a vision 
for church planting. 
A proposed new constitution and 


The Brethren Evangelist 

bylaws was a major item of discus- 
sion during the business, led by 
President Gene Geaslen. Suggested 
changes that resulted from these 
discussions will be incorporated 
into the document, which will be 
voted on next year. 

Elections resulted in the follow- 
ing officers for 1988-89: DeWayne 
Lusch, last year's president-elect is 

president; Jim Ford is the new 
president-elect; Steve Williams is 
second vice-president; Robert 
Crowe is secretary; Floyd Benshoff 
is assistant secretary; Virgil Barn- 
hart is treasurer; and Eugene Rob- 
bins is assistant treasurer. 

Goals for the coming year are the 
same as last year, with one addi- 
tion: "Help in local church planting 

National Elders' Association 

The Tuesday session of the 
Brethren Ministerial Association 
opened with singing led by Jim 
Miller and with prayer by presi- 
dent Bob Dillard. 

Robert Westfall reported on the 
1988 pastors' conference, sharing 
that 88 pastors and 35 spouses at- 
tended an outstanding conference 
held at the King's Island Quality 

Inn. Russ King then announced 
that the 1989 pastors' conference 
will be held April 11-13 at the 
Laurelville Mennonite Retreat 
Center in Mt. Pleasant, Pa. The 
cost will be $70 per person, which 
will include lodging and all meals 
at the conference. Separate seminars 
will be held for spouses, and the 
program will include continued 

Missionary Board Banquet 

Nearly 500 people attended the 
Missionary Board Banquet, held 
Thursday evening of Conference in 
the Convocation Center and pro- 
vided by Dr. Joseph Shultz and 
Ashland College. 

Rev. James Black, Executive 
Director of the Missionary Board, 
welcomed those attending and in- 
troduced past and present mis- 
sionaries, board members, and 
other special guests. Dr. Arden 
Gilmer, outgoing board president, 
offered the invocation and gave 
thanks for the meal. 

Music for the banquet was pro- 
vided by a group of singers from 
the Brethren Fellowship of the 
Savior in Cleveland, Ohio, led by 
their pastor. Rev. Ron Williams; 
and by Undivided, the Summer 
Crusader music team. 

Following a few remarks by Dr. 
Joseph Shultz, president of Ash- 
land College, Dr. Wade Coggins, 
the speaker for the evening, was 

Dr. Coggins, Executive Director 
of the Evangelical Foreign Mis- 
sions Association, reported that 
there are more believers in the 
world today than ever before. 

There is a new understanding of 
God's word and a new awakening 
of the Spirit all over the world. 
Sharing Christ is becoming a way 
of living. God's qualities are being 
proclaimed and the gospel is being 
carried to all the earth. The 
prophecy and promise found in 
Revelation 5:9 is being realized. 
People singing a "New Song" to 
God will be with Him in heaven. 

An offering was taken during the 
banquet to begin a scholarship 
fund for children of missionaries 
who attend Ashland College. 
Called the MK Scholarship (for 
Missionary Kids), it will be ad- 
ministered by the Missionary 
Board. The first recipient will be 
Heidi Winter, daughter of mis- 
sionaries Bill and Sharon Winter, 
who begins her first year at Ash- 
land College this fall. During the 
banquet $1,363 was received for 
this fund, and amounts received 
since Conference have brought the 
total (as of 8-18-88) to $1,783. 

— reported by Joanne Kroft 

Mrs. Kroft is a member of the Garber 
Brethren Church in Ashland, Ohio, 
and serves on the Missionary Board of 
the Brethren Church. 

General Conference Report 

with time, talent and substance." 
Projects for the coming year are 
$1,000 for Ashland Theological 
Seminary Brethren Student Schol- 
arship; $500 for the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company Endowment 
Fund; equal shares of the balance 
of funds for Ashland College Breth- 
ren Student Aid Fund and River- 
side Training School; and recruit- 
ment of 100 new Growth Partners. 
Written by the editor from Secretary 
Robert D. Crowe's minutes. 

sessions in the C.A.L.M. (Church 
Administration for Leadership and 
Management) program. 

Reports were received from 
David Cooksey, Director of Pas- 
toral Ministries, on his work with 
pastors, and from Dr. Fred Finks 
on the excellent progress being 
made in the seminary building pro- 
gram. Fred also announced that 
three Brethren students will enter 
the seminary this fall, and he 
moved that Tim Eagle receive the 
1988-89 ministerial association 
scholarship. (Motion was approved). 

At Wednesday's meeting the 
budget for the 1988-89 Conference 
year was approved, and final ap- 
proval was given to the new con- 
stitution, with the National Breth- 
ren Ministerial Association now 
being called the National Associa- 
tion of Brethren Church Elders. 

The pastors then broke into 
small groups to formulate re- 
sponses to ministerial issues raised 
by the 1987 Forum on the Future 
of The Brethren Church and the 
May 1988 Leadership Council 

At Thursday's session the elders 
were challenged by a message from 
outgoing president Bob Dillard 
from Revelation 3:1-6. Elections 
were then held, with Richard 
Craver elected president. Doc 
Shank reelected vice-president, 
Gerald Barr reelected secretary/ 
treasurer, and Dan Lawson elected 
assistant secretary/treasurer. The 
officers were installed by Bob Dil- 
lard, and new president Richard 
Craver dismissed with prayer. 

— reported by G. Emery Hurd 

Rev. Hurd is pastor of the Cheyenne, 
Wyoming, Brethren Church. 

September 1988 


BYC Convention 

Focusing on Our Awesome God 

By Jenny Williams, BCE Summer Intern 

"Awesome '88" was the theme of 
the 1988 BYC Convention, and 
AWESOME is exactly what the 
week turned out to be! 

Following free time on Monday 
afternoon, during which many of 
the youth participated in football, 
beach volleyball, and twister, the 
Convention officially got underway 
with a praise service led by Ken 
Cutrer, a teacher from Ashland 
High School. Ken led the youth in 
songs, prayer, and meditation that 
helped them focus on the awesome- 
ness of God and prepared them for 
a week of worship and praise. 

Later that evening the youth at- 
tended the Conference worship 
service, then drove to the Ashland 
Fairgrounds for the annual BYC 
Rollerskating Party. 

Each morning of the Convention, 
a 15-minute praise time was held 
between the youth dorms. Led by 
Sherry Bowling and Jenny Wil- 
liams, this was a time of singing, 
sharing praises, and meditating on 
God's awesome deeds in our lives. 

Workshops on Tuesday dealt 
with the hot topic of sexuality — 
and what it means in the Chris- 
tian's life. Jim Sluss and Ruth 
Evans, Ken Sullivan and Linda 
Beekley, and Brad Hardesty and 
Carolyn Cooksey showed videos, 
role-played, and created a comfort- 
able atmosphere in which youth 
could discuss this sensitive subject. 

A new feature of this year's BYC 
Convention was a Coffeehouse fel- 
lowship Tuesday evening. Youth 
performing a variety of acts before 
a large, warm(!) audience de- 
monstrated the various musical, 
dramatic, and humorous talents 
God has given them. The host for 
this event, Jim Miller, got the au- 
dience involved in the perform- 
ances and turned this into a time of 
great praise and excitement. 

During intermission, the Mod- 
erator's Cup, a traveling trophy 
that challenges youth to greater in- 
volvement in local youth groups, 

On an ex- 
tremely warm 
the youth 
squared off 
with the 
pastors in a 
game of soft- 
ball. Though 
second best, 
the youth (at 
rt.) seemed 
to take 
their loss 
in stride. 

was awarded to this year's winner 
— the Gratis, Ohio, BYC. The BYC 
from New Lebanon, Ohio, was run- 
ner-up, with the Derby, Kans., 
BYC, coming in a close third. 

On Wednesday morning. General 
Conference Moderator Dale Stoffer 
addressed Brethren Youth in their 
own worship service. Dr. Stoffer 
shared his vision for today's youth 
in The Brethren Church and chal- 
lenged the youth to become in- 
volved in that vision. Many of the 
decisions made later in the week 
reflected the youth's response to 
this challenge. 

Another Wednesday highlight 
was a concert by Linda Ebert and 
her band, Apex. Despite the scorch- 
ing heat, a large crowd turned out 
for the high-energy rock concert in 
the Ashland College chapel. Linda 
performed a wide variety of songs, 
from blues to hard rock, and led 
the youth in a medley of familiar 
praise choruses. After the first few 
songs the youth were all on their 
feet, and when the concert ended 
they still wanted more. 

On Thursday Tim Eagle, Lyn 
Ellis, Ray Hesketh, and Don Kel- 
ley led a workshop entitled "You 
Want Me? To Do What?" dealing 
with Christian commitment, God's 
call to Christian service, and ways 
in which we can serve the Lord 
when we feel this call. At the end 
of this workshop several youth 

made commitments to future 
Christian service (pastoring, mis- 
sion work, counseling, etc.). Please 
uphold these youth in prayer and 
support them in their decisions. 

BYC Communion, always the 
spiritual highlight of the week, 
was led by Dr. John Shultz. In the 
service, entitled "Let Us Remem- 
ber," Dr. Shultz helped the youth 
to recall the humble beginning of 
the first Communion through 
scripture, songs, and sharing. 

During the week's business ses- 
sions, the youth discussed various 
BYC Council policies and district 
happenings, selected a project for 
the coming year, and elected offi- 
cers. Next year's ingathering 
money will go toward construction 
expenses at the Town and Country 
Community Church in Tampa, Fla. 
During the week $3,300 was in- 
gathered for this year's project — 
prayer houses in India. 

The Convention concluded with 
an installation service for the 
newly elected National BYC offi- 
cers: Moderator Mark Ray, 18, from 
Milford, Ind.; Vice-Moderator 
Becky Williams, 21, from Roanoke, 
Ind.; Secretary Kim Wagoner, 19, 
from Elkhart, Ind.; Assistant- 
Secretary Kim Miller, 18, from 
Sarasota, Fla.; Treasurer John 
Howenstine, 19, from North Can- 
ton, Ohio; and Statistician Brent 
Grimm, 17, from Milford, Ind. 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Hard at work on a hot steamy day are (I. to r.) Rick Graff, Kenny Grimm, Larry 
Mast, Neil Olson, Eugene Miller, and (r. corner) Bob Groves. In bottom insert are Don 
Wuthrich (I.) and Lavonne Miller. Photos by Rich Rhodes. 

Milford Men's Fellowship Performs 
Labor of Love for Senior Member 

Milford, Ind. — Fifteen members of 
the Men's Fellowship of the Milford 
First Brethren Church painted the 
house of one of their fellow church 
members in July. 

This labor of love was performed for 
Dorothea Kerlin, who will be 90 this 
month (September). 

The 15 men met at Mrs. Kerlin's 
house on a very hot July 16 morning. 
They puttied windows, painted the 
trim on the house and garage, did 
some roof repairs, replaced fascia, and 
were finished by noon. 

When their work was completed, the 
men enjoyed a lunch prepared for 
them by Mrs. Kerlin, Marge Groves, 
and Mattie Grimm. 

The 15 men who helped with the 
project were Bruce Mathews, Howie 
Mathews, Neil Olson, Lavonne Miller, 
Richard Rhodes, Rick Graff, Don 
Wuthrich, Lester Mast, Paul 
Mathews, Eugene Miller, Bob Groves, 
Kenny Grimm, Larry Mast, Lewis 
Dobbins, and Harold Gawthrop. 
— reported by Larry Mast, President, 
Milford FBC Men's Fellowship 

Loree Church Dedicates 
Digital Computer Organ 

Bunker Hill, Ind. — The Loree 
Brethren Church held a service of 
dedication Sunday evening, June 19, 
for its new church organ. 

The service of dedication included a 
recital on the new organ by Mr. Ira A. 
Gerig, professor of music at Fort 
Wayne Bible College, Fort Wayne, 
Ind. Loree pastor Rev. Claude 
Stogsdill led the dedication service, 
and Ronald and Norma LeMaster, who 
served on the organ committee, played 
the prelude for the service. 

The new organ, an Allen Digital 
Computer 2160 Organ, is a unique in- 
strument. At its heart is a computer 
that makes it possible for the organ to 
duplicate pipe organ sound without 
the use of pipes. It has an exclusive 
feature that allows the organist to in- 
sert a tone card into the computer and 
add over 300 stops to the existing 32 
"speaking stops." 

The organ also has "Capture 
Action," which enables the organist to 
program the stops to be used for a 
service. During the service the or- 
ganist merely needs to push one of a 
series of thumb pistons located just 
below each keyboard to change to a 
new set of stops. 

There is also a 12 key transposer so 
that the organist, by merely turning a 
knob, can raise or lower the key to 
suit any vocalist's voice range. And, 
perhaps best of all, the organ cannot 
get out of tune and requires very little 

The organ was purchased from 
Classic Keyboards of Indiana, located 
in Indianapolis. Byron and Marjorie 
Sommers and Eldon and Phyllis York 
served with Ron and Norma LeMaster 
on the organ committee. 

— reported by Doris Deisch 

Carl Mark Phillips Begins 
Pastorate at North Liberty 

Mineral Point, Pa. — Carl Mark 
Phillips entered his first pastorate 
July 10 when he began serving the 
North Liberty, Ind., First Brethren 

The new pastor is the son of Rev. 
Carl and Ruth Phillips of Vinco, Pa. 
Rev. Phillips is pastor of the Vinco 
Brethren Church. 

The younger Pastor Phillips was 

September 1988 

Pastor and Mrs. Carl Mark Phillips 

graduated from Biblical Seminary, 
Hatfield, Pa., on May 28, where he re- 
ceived the Master of Divinity and 
Master of Arts degrees. A graduate of 
Central Cambria High School, he re- 
ceived a B.A. degree from the Univer- 
sity of Pittsburgh at Johnstown. 

The new pastor is married to 
Deanne Holsopple, daughter of Har- 
vey and LaRue Holsopple of Vinco. 

— reported by Barbara A. Hagerich 

The straight and narrow path has no 

traffic problems. The Christian Builder 



Mark Britton Ordained an Elder 
June 5 at Bryan First Brethren 

Bryan, Ohio — Mark A. Britton was 
ordained an elder in The Brethren 
Church and his wife, Cathy, was con- 
secrated as the wife of an elder on 
Sunday afternoon, June 5, at the First 
Brethren Church of Bryan, Ohio, 
where Rev. Britton serves as pastor. 

Rev. Kenneth Hunn, pastor of the 
First Brethren Church of Warsaw, 
Ind., delivered the ordination sermon. 
Brethren elders James Miller, Brian 
Moore, and Jerry Flora also partici- 
pated in the service. 

Mr. James Manning, moderator of 
the Bryan congregation, read the 
action of the church calling for ordina- 
tion. Mrs. Britton presented special 
music. Glayds Hineman, organist, and 
Bonnie Burgbacher, pianist, played 
the prelude for the service, and Ms. 
Hineman played the postlude. 

The new Brethren elder was born 

Rev. and Mrs. Mark Britton 

February 12, 1959, the youngest child 
of Alice Elizabeth and the late Clifford 
Leroy Britton. He received his elemen- 
tary and secondary education in Mul- 

vane, Kans., and became a member of 
the Derby, Kans., Brethren Church. 

He entered Ashland College in 1979 
and received a B.S. degree in business 
administration in May 1983. He then 
attended Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary, from which he was graduated 
with a Master of Divinity degree in 
May 1986. 

In December 1982, Mark married 
Cathy Phillips. Cathy is also a 
graduate of Ashland College and of 
Ashland Theological Seminary, from 
which she received an MA. degree in 
pastoral psychology and counseling. 
Mark and Cathy are the parents of a 
son, Benjamin Isaac. 

During his college and seminary 
years, Mark served internships at the 
Ardmore, Ind., and St. James, Md., 
Brethren Churches, and student pas- 
torates at churches in Lexington and 
Norwalk, Ohio. Following seminary 
graduation, he became pastor of the 
Corinth Brethren Church near Twelve 
Mile, Ind. He began serving Bryan 
First Brethren on April 4, 1988. 

Masontown Brethren Turn back the Clock 
With Old Fashioned Souper Sunday Event 

Masontown, Pa. — The Masontown 
Brethren Church held an Old 
Fashioned Souper Sunday June 26 in 
recognition of this year's historic 
100th General Conference of The 
Brethren Church. 

Morning worship on Souper Sunday 
was patterned after a typical worship 
service of the 1880's. Men sat on one 
side, women on the other. (Prior to the 
service, pew cushions had been re- 
moved.) The bulletins contained no 
order of service. And — reflecting the 
early Brethren view that no one 
should stand above another — the pas- 
tor's and deacons' chairs and the eld- 
ers' (Communion) table had been re- 
moved from the platform and placed 
on the same level as the pews. 

Pastor Russell King began the serv- 
ice with an explanation of early Breth- 
ren worship. Then the worshipers 
greeted one another and extended the 
holy kiss. 

Deacon Pat Logan offered the open- 
ing prayer, after which he led the con- 
gregation in singing without accom- 
paniment two hymns from an old 
Brethren hymnal. Deacon Ted Beal 
led the morning prayer, after which 
the congregation prayed together the 
Lord's Prayer — as was the practice in 
the early church. 

The offering was taken without 

musical accompaniment and was not 
followed by the doxology. Pastor King 
gave the offertory prayer. Deacon Ted 
Beal then read I Peter 1:3-9, and Pas- 
tor King preached the morning mes- 
sage. In his sermon, entitled "Let Us 
Be Brethren," he explained the 
anabaptist, pietistic, and progressive 
teachings of The Brethren Church. 

Following the sermon. Deacon Pat 
Logan "lined" the closing hymn and 
led the congregation in singing "Blest 
Be the Tie that Binds." The service 
concluded with announcements. 

After the service, the Brethren ate 

together a meal of soups, fresh bread, 
corn bread, sandwiches, and a variety 
of desserts. The menu was planned to 
reflect a typical lunch of the 1880's. 
Tables were appropriately covered 
with blue and white checkered coun- 
try kitchen tablecloths with old 
fashioned utensils as decorations. 

Ninety-five people attended the old 
fashioned worship service and 55 
shared in the soup lunch. The day's ac- 
tivities were jointly planned by the 
deacon board (Ted and Dorothy Beal, 
Holmes Conaway, Mary Davis, 
Dorothy Hess, Pat Logan, Don Rosie), 
the Social Committee (Susie Corcoran, 
Sandy Dils, Nancy Wilson, Virginia 
Wilson), and Pastor Russell King. 

— reported by Mrs. Mildred Wheeler 
and Mrs. Jean Belch 

Bible Week Will Challenge 
Youth to Read the Bible 

New York, N.Y. — The emphasis will 
be on youth during this year's Na- 
tional Bible Week, to be observed 
November 20-27. 

"The Way to Go — Read the Bible" 
will be the theme for this year's Bible 
Week campaign, which will seek to 
impress upon young people the impor- 
tance of reading God's word. 

For over 3,000 years people of all 
ages have relied on the Bible as their 
primary moral compass and spiritual 
resource. But that appears to be 
changing. Recent studies find Ameri- 

can youth to be almost totally ignor- 
ant of the Bible's contents. 

Our nation's sons and daughters 
need to be challenged to read and 
study the Bible. Presenting that chal- 
lenge will be the goal of the National 
Bible Week campaign. 

Brethren churches are encouraged 
to participate in this observance as a 
means of promoting Bible reading by 
both youth and adults. More informa- 
tion about Bible Week will be included 
in next month's EVANGELIST, and a 
free packet of materials is available 
from the Laymen's National Bible As- 
sociation, Inc. (815 Second Ave., New 
York, NY 10017-4503, phone 212-687- 
0555), which sponsors the event. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Mt. Olive Surprises Ron Waters 
With Pastor Appreciation Day 

Pineville, Va. — Rev. Ronald W. 
Waters, pastor of the Mt. Olive Breth- 
ren Church, learned Sunday morning, 
June 26, that his congregation can 
keep a secret. 

Since the Summer Crusader team 
Undivided was conducting the worship 
service that morning, Pastor Ron 
knew he could just relax and enjoy. 
But little did he know how much whis- 
pering and secret planning had been 
going on during the preceding weeks, 
and how much more was planned for 
that day. 

During remarks at the beginning of 
the service, Mt. Olive Moderator 
Everette Rodgers presented Pastor 
Ron and wife Norma a certificate en- 
titling them to a free weekend at a 
time of their choosing. And he in- 
formed them that this was "Pastor Ap- 
preciation Day." Thinking this was 
all, the pastor and his wife expressed 
their thanks, then joined the congre- 
gation in being inspired by a superb 
musical presentation by Undivided. 

A carry-in luncheon had previously 
been scheduled, so the pastor sus- 
pected nothing when the congregation 
reconvened in the social hall. There, 
prominently displayed, was a beauti- 
ful three-tiered cake with a "3" on top, 
symbolic of the fact that this weekend 
marked the third anniversary of the 
arrival of the Waters family at Mt. 

Approximately 85 church members 
and friends enjoyed a bountiful lunch 
and great fellowship. Following lunch, 
when Pastor Ron was asked to return 
to his table (he does like to visit and 
talk with everyone!), he became a bit 
suspicious. And with good reason, for 

ever, that because of the love and ad- 
miration the congregation has for the 
Waters family, the roast was a gentle 
one, and a lot of fun. 

At the conclusion of the roast, the 
congregation presented the Waters 
family a money tree, on which mem- 
bers and friends had placed their gifts 
of love. Pastor Ron reports that they 
reaped a bountiful harvest when all 
the "fruit" on this tree was picked. 

Mrs. Shelton summed up the day 

Everette Rodgers (L), moderator of the 
a free weekend to Pastor Ron and Norma 

what followed was a "roast," and Pas- 
tor Ron was on the "hot seat." 

Mrs. Odessa Shelton, vice moderator 
of the Mt. Olive congregation, pre- 
sided over the roast, using "fuel" she 
had obtained from the pastor's family 
and "friends." It should be noted, how- 

Mi. Olive Church, presents a certificate for 

this way: "Yes, June 26 was a very 
special day at Mt. Olive. With the 
planning efforts of many, and the con- 
centrated desire of all to keep the se- 
cret, we were able in our small way to 
express our sincere appreciation to our 
pastor — Ronald W. Waters!" 

Teegarden First Brethren 
Holds Open-Air Concert 

Walkerton, Ind. — The Teegarden 
First Brethren Church held an open- 
air concert on Saturday, June 25, as a 
"Festival of Praise." 

The festival got underway at noon 
with a picnic prior to the concert. 
Then Scott Ice, the young sound tech- 
nician for popular Christian singer 
Ray Boltz, opened the concert. Scott 
led the crowd in fun songs and made 
jokes about his height. 

Sherri Visscher from Holland, 
Mich., was next on the program. 
Sherri has sung with the Continentals 
in the United States and Europe. She 
sings in the style of Sandi Patti. 

A group from LaPorte, Ind., the 
Glorifiers, concluded the program with 
some solid contemporary Christian 

In spite of record-breaking tempera- 

tures, plenty of people came to hear 
the message of Jesus Christ. The re- 
sponse was so good that the church is 
already in the planning stages for 
next year's event, which will include 
more activities and singers Ray Boltz 
and Nancy Honeytree. 

— reported by Pastor Bob Stafford 

Rev. Dan Lawson Installed 
As Pastor at Oakville, Ind. 

Oakville, Ind. — Rev. Dan Lawson 
was installed as pastor of the Oakville 
First Brethren Church at a service 
held Sunday afternoon, June 26. 

Oakville Moderator Richard Smith 
began the service with a prayer of 
praise to God and a welcome to those 
attending. Following congregational 
singing of the hymn, "To God be the 
Glory," Steve Ruster, chairman of the 
pastoral relations board, told of the 
prayer and events that preceded the 

extending of a call to Rev. Lawson and 
his coming to Oakville. 

Mrs. Lynne Lawson (Pastor Law- 
son's wife) and her brother, James 
Hirt of Cincinnati, Ohio, sang "In 
Jesus' Name." Then Rev. Kenneth 
Hunn, moderator of the Indiana Dis- 
trict, gave the message. Using I 
Corinthians 1 as his text. Rev. Hunn 
encouraged Pastor Lawson to always 
preach as if he were weak — in fear 
and trembling and in need of God's 
grace — to preach the cross of Christ, 
and to pursue love. 

Following this message, James Hirt 
sang "The Lord's Prayer," then Rev. 
Keith Bennett, pastor of the Muncie, 
Ind., Brethren Church, gave a charge 
to Pastor and Mrs. Lawson and to the 

The service concluded with "Jesus, 
Lord to Me," sung by Kristy Ashton, 
and the benediction by the new pastor. 
A reception given by the deacons and 
deaconesses followed the service. 

September 1988 



David L. Stone Ordained an Elder 
June 26 at Roann First Brethren 

Roann, Ind. — David L. Stone was 
ordained an elder in The Brethren 
Church and his wife, Jill, was conse- 
crated the wife of an elder in a Sunday 
afternoon service June 26 at the 
Roann First Brethren Church, where 
Rev. Stone is pastor. 

Rev. Robert Dillard, pastor of the 
Brethren Church of New Lebanon, 
Ohio, delivered the ordination mes- 
sage. Brethren elders Duane Dickson 
and Marlin McCann also participated 
in the service. Mr. Garland Fisher, 
moderator of the Roann congregation, 
read the decision of the church calling 
for the pastor's ordination. 

The prelude and postlude for the 
service were presented by Sharon 
West, Rev. Stone's sister. Mrs. Stone's 
father. Max Slabaugh, and aunt, Mary 
Crowe, provided special music. Roann 

Rev. and Mrs. David L. Stone 

member Norma Trump played the 
piano for the service, and her hus- 
band, Ross, led the congregational 

Miss Adah Drushal Honored 
For Many Years of Service 

Lost Creek, Ky. — Miss Adah Drush- 
al was honored for her many years of 
service at Riverside Christian Train- 
ing School and to Lost Creek and sur- 
rounding areas during a celebration of 
her 71st birthday in June, attended by 
her many friends in Breathitt and 
Perry Counties in Kentucky. 

During the celebration. Miss Drush- 
al was presented a Citation of Ap- 
preciation written and endorsed by 
those attending the event. 

The citation states: 

Today, as neighbors and friends, we 
wish to express our deep appreciation 
to you for your many years of loving 
service among us. Your genuine tes- 
timony for the Lord has been like a 
beacon light to many people here in our 
hills. We have admired your consistent, 
steady and unwavering walk with the 
Lord, over the years. Your strong spirit, 
even in times of testing, when you were 
suffering in body and in the hospital, 
have had a profound impact upon us. 
We love you for your persistence and 
untiring efforts in the Lord's work. You 
are to be commended for keeping on 
going when it may have seemed hope- 

We love you for your caring attitude. 
You have manifested to us a Christlike 
spirit of compassion over these many 
years. Thank you for walking our roads 
and treading up our creeks. Thanks for 
the expressions of love you have given 
by the material things you have shared, 
the smiles that have brightened our out- 


look, the hugs that have cheered our 
souls, the kisses that have sweetened 
our pathways. Your influence has meant 
so much to so many of us. 

Your musical ability of playing the 
piano has blessed us over and over. 
The songs you have sung for us so 
many times have inspired and blessed 
our hearts. Your words of encourage- 
ment have motivated us to consider 
seriously our eternal destiny. Your 
teaching in Sunday School and at River- 
side School has given us new insights 
into God's Word and helped to prepare 
us for spiritual battle. Your wise counsel 
has inspired us to make decisions in 
numerous areas of life that have far- 
reaching implications. You have been 
like a mother to helpless and hopeless 
families of our area who needed 
another chance. You had a listening ear 
to our troubles and we deeply ap- 
preciate it. 

In the material realm of life, you may 
never have made the headlines, when it 
comes to being a financial success or 
having a financial empire, but we want 
you to know today, that we admire you 
for having laid many treasures in Heaven. 
Thanks for demonstrating to us these 
many years that there is more to life 
than making money and having what it 
can buy. Thanks for having lived a sim- 
ple lifestyle that all of us could Identify 
with. You have been a true friend to all 
of us. Your presence among us has 
meant so much and today's celebration 
brings back to us many precious memories 
for which we thank and praise God. Our 
prayers will continue to be with you as 
we continue to serve the Lord. 

Your many friends in Breathitt and 
Perry Counties 
— reported by Dr. Harold Barnett 

David grew up in Sarasota, Fla., 
where he became a member of the 
First Brethren Church at an early 
age. He attended Pine View High 
School, from which he was graduated 
in 1979. He then attended Ashland 
College, from which he received a B.A. 
degree in sociology and religion in 
1982, and Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary, which granted him a Master of 
Divinity degree in 1985. During the 
summers of 1979 and 1980 he traveled 
with the BYC Summer Crusader 
music team. 

While in college, David met and 
dated Jill Slabaugh, a student from 
Goshen, Ind. Jill, a member of the 
Goshen First Brethren Church, also 
served on Summer Crusader music 
teams — in 1978 and 1980. David and 
Jill were married in 1982. The follow- 
ing year Jill received a B.S. degree in 
elementary education from Ashland 
College. The Stones now have a 17- 
month-old son, Jonathan David, and 
are expecting a second child this 
month (September). 

During his three years in seminary, 
Rev. Stone served as student pastor of 
the Florence, Ohio, Congregational 
Church. Following his graduation 
from seminary in 1985, he became 
pastor of the Roann congregation. 


through Christian Education 

1988 NAE Congress 
on Christian Education 

November 14-16, 1988 

Pheasant Run Resort 

St. Charles, Illinois 

Featured speakers include: 

• .lames F. Enge! 

• Mancil Ezell 

• Kenneth O. Gangel 

• Leslie Parrotl 

• James E. Plueddemann 

• Up-to-date exhibits 

• Daily Bible study sessions 

• Warm Christian fellowship 

For registration information 
Board of Christian Education 
The Brethren Church 
524 College Ave. 
Ashland. OH 44805 
(419) 289-1708 

The Brethren Evangelist 


College Corner Farewell Leaves 
Pastor Bill Brady Speechless 

Warsaw, Ind. — When the College 
Corner Brethren Church held a 
farewell for Pastor Bill Brady and his 
family on Sunday, June 12, an un- 
usual thing occurred — it ended with 
a preacher actually being speechless! 
"Chickens" were the theme of the 
farewell, in recognition of the Chris- 
tian fun and "chicken" enjoyment that 
had colored Pastor Brady's four and 
one-half years at College Corner. So 
naturally, fried chicken was one of the 

meats at the meal that was part of the 
farewell, with deviled eggs and chick- 
en casseroles also on the menu. 

In keeping with the theme, the focal 
point of farewell activities was a table 
decorated with a mother hen and 
three chicks standing on a nest of 
straw that held a large white egg. 
Gifts of various sizes and shapes cov- 
ered the other end of the table. 

Dana Hueston emceed the program, 
which included several musical num- 

Maria Miranda Voices Concern 
For Women in Latin America 

Orlando, Fla. — Brethren missionary 
Maria Miranda expressed her concern 
for Latin American women and chal- 
lenged U.S. Christians to intercede 
daily for their Latin American sisters 
in a message at the March 1988 con- 
vention of the National Association of 
Evangelicals held in Orlando. 

Mrs. Miranda, who has a radio pro- 
gram heard by thousands of Latin 
American women, said that many of 
the problems and issues these women 
face are the same as those faced by 
U.S. women — stress, abortion (used 
as a means of birth control in some in- 
stances), homosexuality, drug addic- 
tion, and infidelity. An October 1987 
survey of 300 women leaders in El 
Salvador revealed that: 

— 87% of the women were frustrated 
by the problem of infidelity; 

— 91% of them were baffled by finan- 
cial problems; 

— 87% of them fear an uncertain fu- 

But in addition to those problems 
Latin American women share in com- 
mon with North American women, 
women in Latin America face political 
and economic turmoil, they encounter 
more violence and endure more natu- 
ral disasters, and they are plagued by 
illiteracy, the threat of starvation, and 
the inroads of Communism. Thus the 
women feel hopeless and helpless for 
both themselves and their children. 

Is there anything we can do about 
the problems these women face? 
"Yes," Mrs. Miranda says, and she of- 
fers several suggestions: 

1. Don't underestimate the power of 
prayer. Mrs. Miranda urges us to pray 
for our sisters in Christ, their govern- 
ments, and, yes, even our enemies. 
She stated, "God can undo such sys- 

September 1988 

tems and bring a little bit of relief and 
peace to so many troubled people." 

2. Support world missions, world re- 
lief, and other worldwide programs fi- 
nancially and with our prayers. 

3. Continue to train women here 
and to teach women there. Coping 
skills, trade skills, how to keep within 
a budget, and good nutrition are just a 
few of the areas in which the women 
need help. 

In her concluding remarks, Mrs. 
Miranda reminded her hearers that 
"We are all sisters and daughters of 
the same Father." 

— reported by Cheryl Black, member. 
Gen. Conf. Social Concerns Committee 

hers of praise to God. Melinda Carter 
played a piano solo, which she dedi- 
cated to her piano teacher, Mrs. Lyne 
Brady, the pastor's wife. And Chris 
Howell sang "Thank You," which he 
dedicated to Pastor Brady. 

The next event was the unwrapping 
of gifts. Here, again, the emphasis was 
on chickens! Chicken feathers framed; 
chicken salt and pepper shakers; a 
chicken sun-catcher; a chicken feed 
bag; a rubber plucked chicken; a roll- 
warmer basket in the shape of a chick- 
en; a ceramic chicken on a nest of eggs 
in a basket; chicken napkin rings; 
a woven bamboo chicken with hot 
pad mats in a wing pocket; a wooden 
"welcome" sign with a painted chick- 
en; kitchen linens with chickens on 
them; and a ceramic chicken towel- 

The pastor also received two gifts 
symbolic of the armor of God described 
in Ephesians 6:10-18 — a leather belt 
(v. 14) and a pair of shoes (v. 15). And 
tucked into the large white egg in 
mother hen's nest was a substantial 
"nest egg," a love gift from the hearts 
of the congregation. 

At this point Pastor Brady said, "I'm 
speechless." But he made a quick re- 
covery, and 15 seconds later he gave a 
nice "Thank you" and expressed a fond 

— reported by Janice Azbell 

Guard, and told what is expected of a 
Men and Boys at Masontown chaplain on active duty. He also dem- 
Enjoy Banquet and Program onstrated the equipment used during 

a typical service on the field and led 
Masontown, Pa. — Seventeen men the men in a song from a field hymnal, 
and boys of the Masontown Brethren A spinoff activity that has resulted 

Church — a significant percentage of from the interest shown in the Men 
the total number of males in the 
congregation — attended a Men 
and Boys Banquet held June 13 at 
the church. 

The men enjoyed a delicious din- 
ner and homemade pie served at ta- 
bles decorated in a summer sports 
theme — all thanks to the efforts of 
the church's Social Committee 
(Sandy Dils, Virginia Wilson, Nan- 
cy Wilson, and Susie Corcoran). 

Following the meal. Pastor Rus- 
sell King gave a quick quiz on fa- 
mous men of the Bible. Then the 
program for the evening was pre- 
sented by Rev. David Graetz, pastor ^^^ J)^^^^ q^^^^^ j^^j^/^ chaplain's field 
ofthe Highland Brethren Church of gf^uipment he demonstrated to the men and 
Marianna, Pa., who is also a chap- ^^^^ ^f ^/jg Masontown Brethren Church. 
lain candidate in the Army Na- 

tional Guard. 

Rev. Graetz retraced the steps that 
led to his present involvement in the 
military chaplaincy, explained his 
duties as a chaplain in the National 

and Boys Banquet is a men's prayer 
breakfast. Plans call for such break- 
fasts to be held on a regular basis as a 
ministry to the men of the church. 
— reported by Pastor Russell King 



age members of area Brethren 
churches to join them for the after- 

noon program, which will begin at 2 


The First Brethren Church of 
Wabash, Ind., will celebrate on Sep- 
tember 25 the 25th anniversary of the 
founding of the congregation. A morn- 
ing worship celebration, 12:30 p.m. 
basket dinner, and afternoon program 
are planned. Pastor Donald Siders and 
the congregation have invited former 
pastors and members to join them for 
the day's activities, and they encour- 

Two Brethren pas- 
tors received Doctor 
of Ministry degrees 
from Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary 
(ATS) on May 21 
during the semi- 
nary's annual gradu- 
ation ceremonies. 
Shown here, being 
congratulated by Dr. 
Richard Allison (I.), 
director of the Doctor 
of Ministry program, 
are Dr. Weston Ellis 
(cen.), pastor of the 
Hillcrest Brethren 

Church in Dayton, Ohio; and Dr. Michael Gleason, pastor of evangelism and disciple- 
ship at the Park Street Brethren Church in Ashland, Ohio. Dr. Ellis and Dr. Gleason 
were among 80 graduates who received degrees from ATS in May. 

In Memory 

Archie Petrazzi, 74, July 23. Member 
since 1978 of the Masontown Brethren 
Church and former trustee of the church. 
Services by Pastor Russell King. 
Aleda C. (Mead) Keck. 83, July 21. 
Member of the Ashland Park Street Breth- 
ren Church. Services by Pastor Arden E. 
Gilmer and Rev. M. Virgil Ingraham. Mrs. 
Keck was the widow of Rev. Elmer Keck, 
who died May 26, 1987. Together they 
served numerous Brethren churches in 
Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, In- 
diana, Illinois, Kansas, Nebraska, and 
Ohio. They were the parents of three chil- 
dren, Grace (Grippo), John, and Ralph. 
Mildred Broach, 87, July 20. Longtime 
member of the Ashland Park Street Breth- 
ren Church. Services by Pastor Arden E. 

Allegra Fulwider, 82, July 18. Member of 
the Wabash First Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Rev. Arthur Tinkel, Sr. 
Mary Pyle, 88, July 10. Member of the 
Waterloo First Brethren Church. Services 
by Pastor Lynn Mercer. 
Lawrence Ridenour, 74, July 6. Member 
since 1932 of the Bryan First Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Mark Britton. 
Grace Lane, 88, July 4. Member of The 
Brethren Church of New Lebanon. Services 
by Rev. Percy Miller. 
Helen Harden, 67, in July. Member of the 
Wabash First Brethren Church. Services 
by Pastor Donald Siders. 
Mrs. Dorothy Claridge, 61, June 25. 
Member of the Vinco Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Carl H. Phillips. 
RusseU Hoover, 85, June 23. Faithful 
worshiper at the Teegarden First Brethren 
Church. Services by Rev. Norris Huns- 
berger and Pastor Robert Stafford. 
Maurine McGuire, 84, June 13. Member 
of the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Lynn Mercer. 

Pearl M. Pyle, 96, June 12. Member of the 
Waterloo First Brethren Church. Services 
by Pastor Lynn Mercer. 
Dr. Guy C. Brown, 78, June 12. Member 
of the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Lynn Mercer. 
Chester Mackall, 73, June 8. Member of 
the Vinco Brethren Church. Services by 
Pastor Carl H. Phillips. 
Robert Eli Yoder, 75, June 1, in La 
Cumbre, Cordoba, Argentina. Robert 
Yoder was the only son of Dr. C.F. Yoder, 
Brethren pioneer missionary to Argentina. 
Robert is survived by his wife Ruth and 
five daughters. (Dr. (5.F. Yoder has 50 de- 
scendants living in Argentina.) 
Willis Stahl, 91, May 8. Member for 48 
years of the Goshen First Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Donald E. 

Helen (Brandenburg) Ronk, 90, March 
12. Member for 40 years of the (3oshen 
First Brethren Church, where she was very 
active. Services by Pastor Donald E. 
Rowser. Mrs. Ronk was the widow of Rev. 
Willis Ronk, a Brethren pastor, denomina- 
tional leader, and dean of Ashland 
Theological Seminary from 1937 to 1943. 
They were the parents of three children, 
Helen (Manville), Ivan, and Robert. 


Mr. and Mrs. Omer Lippold, 55th, Sep- 
tember 3. Members of the Loree Brethren 

Walter and Helen Richter, 50th, August 
20. Members of the Vinco Brethren 

Russell and Edith Rodkey, 50th, August 
14. Members of the Burlington First Breth- 
ren Church. 

Albert and Margaret Fritz, 50th, August 
6. Members of the Falls City First Breth- 
ren Church. 
Harry and Irene Tiger, 55th, July 28. 

Members of the Pleasant View Brethren 


Mrytle and Clarence Mulhom, 60th, 

June 18. Members of the Pleasant View 

Brethren Church. 

George and Mary Leidy, 65th, June 12. 

Members of the Vinco Brethren Church. 


Barbara Black to Kevin Daniels, July 
30, at the Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church; Pastor Arden E. Gilmer and Rev. 
James F. Black, brother of the bride, of- 
ficiating. Bride a member of the Park 
Street Brethren Church. 
Tondra Johnson to Troy Brewster, July 
30, in Kokomo, Ind. Groom a member of 
the Burlington First Brethren Church. 
Jana Rohouit to Kenneth Fox, July 16, 
at the Waterloo First Brethren Church; 
Pastor Lynn Mercer officiating. Members 
of the Waterloo First Brethren Church. 
Ann Wagoner to Steven White, July 2, in 
Lafayette, Ind. Bride a member of the Bur- 
lington First Brethren Church. 
Deb Michael to Paul Ritchey, July 2, at 
the Park Street Brethren Church; Rev. 
Kenneth Sullivan officiating. Members of 
the Psirk Street Brethren Church. 
Mary Margaret Detwiler to Harry 
Edgar Swoveland, June 12, at the 
Cioshen First Brethren Church; Pastor 
Donald E. Rowser officiating. Members of 
the Goshen First Brethren Church. 
Lori Hagerich to William Frazier, June 
4, at the Vinco Brethren Church; Pastor 
Carl H. Phillips officiating. Bride a 
member of the Vinco Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Milford: 2 by transfer 

Masontown: 1 by transfer 

New Lebanon: 4 by baptism 

Park Street: 6 by baptism, 11 by transfer 


The Brethren Evangeust 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14)> 


There were many things God wanted people to know. He wanted them to know 
about His love and His law. He wanted them to know about His Son Jesus, the Savior. 
He wanted them to know how to live happily with other people. He wanted them to know 
about eternal life in heaven for those who love and serve Him. There were so many 
things He wanted people to know. 

Through the Holy Spirit God caused certain writers to understand His messages. 
These authors wrote what the Holy Spirit revealed to them. We say they were inspired 
by God. They wrote the messages God gave them in their own languages. As people 
from other countries learned of God, His messages were translated into their languages. 
Today we can read the Bible in English, and other people in many countries of the world 
can read it in their languages. Not only did the Holy Spirit direct the thoughts of the writ- 
ers, but He is helping us today to understand the message of the Bible. 

A. Use the contents page in the Bible to help you complete these sentences. 

1 . The Bible is divided into two parts: The Testament and The Testament. 

2. There are books in The Old Testament. 

3. There are books in The New Testament. 

4. Altogether there are books in the Bible. 

B. For you to make: Books of the Bible 
You will need: Bible Stapler 

To make: 

1 fine tipped marker 
17 pieces of white paper measuring 2 by 4 inches each. 
1 piece of colored paper measuring 2V2 by 472 inches. 

1 . Place all the white papers on top of the colored paper. A little of the col- 
ored paper should show around all the edges. 

2. Staple the papers together in the middle. 

3. Fold to form a book. 

4. On the cover print HOLY BIBLE. 

5. On the first white page print OLD TESTAMENT. 

6. Using the contents page of a Bible to help you, print the names of the Old 
Testament books, one on a page. 

7. Then on the next page print NEW TESTAMENT. 

8. On the remaining pages print the names of the New Testament books. 

9. Use your Books of the Bible to help you learn the names of the books in 
the Bible. 

September 1988 










"Let Us Be Brethren" — that was both the theme and the experience at General Conference last 
month. Brethren enjoyed a sense of being a Christian family — worshiping, praying, caring for church 
business, and fellowshiping together. 

But how can we maintain this family spirit? How can we maintain it throughout the year (not just 
during Conference week) and throughout the entire denomination (not just among those who are able 
to attend General Conference)? - 

One way of doing this is by keeping in touch. And one of the main ways we can keep in touch is 
through the pages of The Brethren Evangelist. 

Our Family Newsletter 

If General Conference is our Brethren "family reunion," as it has often been called, then The 
Brethren Evangelist is our "family newsletter." It tells us what Brethren are thinking and doing, and 
keeps us informed of the "family business" (the Lord's work). 

Your Part 

Yes, the Evangelist helps us maintain our family identity. 
But in order to do so, several things are necessary. 

1. The Evangelist needs to be in the homes of Brethren 
people. One of the best ways to accomplish this is for every 
church to subscribe for all its families — as General Conference 
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Developing a Global Vision 

A Worthy Example 

You ARE GOING to a people 
who do not want you," Julia 
Woodward told a new missionary to 
the Quichua Indians of Ecuador. 

Mrs. Woodward knew from experi- 
ence. During her many years among 
the Quichuas (pronounced kee-choo- 
wahs), she had met only opposition 
and hardship. The Quichuas gener- 
ally rejected the gospel. The major 
barriers blocking their understand- 
ing included the centuries-old cus- 
tom of drinking feasts, near-slavery 
to the Spanish landlords, and a re- 
ligious system that bound rather 
than liberated them. 

Things didn't get much better for 
Mrs. Woodward before she retired. 
When she left Ecuador in 1953, after 
a half-century of service, she said, "I 
can count on one hand the number 
of Quichuas I am sure to see in 

Little recognition 

Back home in the U.S., the Shel- 
don, Iowa, native received little rec- 
ognition. Missionary success is often 
measured by numbers of converts, 
and she had won only a few. Today, 
she probably wouldn't appear on 
many Christian talk shows. 

As a result, little is known about 
Mrs. Woodward in most evangelical 
circles. That's unfortunate. I re- 
cently had the opportunity to re- 
search the life of this pioneer mis- 
sionary in connection with a book 
about the Quichuas, and I came 
away convicted and convinced that 
she — by her example — has some- 
thing to say to our generation. 

Julia went to Ecuador in 1898, at 
a time when missionaries went for 
life and stayed until death. Tropical 
diseases and other tragedies took 
their toll of the missionary force, 
and Julia and other new mis- 
sionaries recognized and accepted 
this fact. She didn't even take her 
first furlough for 28 years. 

While today's emphasis on short- 
term missionary service is good, 
there is something to be learned 
from the commitment of a Mrs. 
Woodward — someone willing to 
give more than a summer, indeed, 
willing to give an entire lifetime. 

A new work 

After just three years in Ecuador, 
Julia was asked by her mission 
(Gospel Missionary Union) to begin 
the new work among the Quichuas 
in the mountainous interior. This 
meant learning a new language and 
culture, just when she was begin- 
ning to master the Spanish and con- 
tribute to the Spanish ministry. 

But in submission to her superiors 
and flexible to God's leading, Julia 
went to the Quichuas. While she did 
not have the training or education to 
do Bible translation work, the job 
had to be done. So she began work 
on the Quichua New Testament. 

I remember the many students at 
a recent missions conference who 
were only interested in missionary 
service if they could work in the 
field of their college major. Special- 
ization is good, but the old-school 
"general" missionary is also badly 
needed today. 

Once among the Quichuas, Mrs. 
Woodward kept plugging alway de- 
spite the difficulties. Even when her 
husband died during that first fur- 
lough, even when religious fanatics 
threatened to burn down her house, 
and even when the first few converts 
backslid into the drinking feasts, 
she kept pressing on. She needed to 
get that translation done. 

She firmly believed that any 
Quichuas who did not accept Christ 
as Savior were going to hell. And 
she wanted to save them from that 
eternal punishment. In short, Mrs. 
Woodward knew why she was in 
Ecuador, and she believed God had 
called her there. Oh, for such a sense 
of God's calling and for the bravery 
and perseverance to be true to His 
calling today! 

Finally, Mrs. Woodward exempli- 
fied a life of obedience. Oh, how she 
longed for the birth of the Quichua 
church! She wanted it so badly, "she 
could almost taste it," as the saying 

But for Julia Woodward, the real 
issue was obedience. She would do 
her part, but God would have to 
bring the results. "He has not 
brought us thus far, those who trust 
in His name, to bring us to shame," 
was one of her favorite sayings. 
"When the work gets more difficult, 
pray more, " was another. 

This story does have a happy end- 
ing. God did a mighty work among 
the Quichuas in the 1960s and 70s. 
Today there are between 30,000 and 
50,000 baptized Quichua converts in 
Ecuador's Chimtorazo Province. An 
entire culture has been transformed. 

A final lesson 

But here is the final lesson from 
Julia Woodward. This growth oc- 
curred after her death in 1960. We 
are reminded that God's time is not 
necessarily our time. We may never 
see the results of our witness and 
labors here on this earth. 

Yet it will be satisfaction enough 
to hear God welcome us into heaven 
as "good and faithful servants." One 
day that "harvest" will come. When 
it does, we, like Mrs. Woodward and 
a host of other believers, will be 
among that special group described 
in Hebrews 11:13 (Niv) — They did 
not receive the things promised; they 
only saw them and welcomed them 
ft-om a distance. [t] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

October 1988 
Volume 110, Number 9 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


John Maust 
Alvin Shifflett 

Children's Page 

Alberta Holsinger 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
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combined) for The Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Pub- 
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Ave., Ashland, OH 44805-3792. 
Authors' views are not neces- 
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Church or the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company. 
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Second Class Postage: Paid 
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Member: Evangelical Press 


Three Essentials of the Lordship of Christ by William Kerner 4 
The first of six messages on themes of special significance to 
Brethren presented at General Conference. 

First Impressions of Colombia by Jan and Tim Solomon 6 

New Brethren missionaries report on their first two months in 
Colombia, South America. 

How to Develop a Church Budget by Reilly Smith 8 

Guidelines for establishing a budget that puts priority on ministry. 
Jesus Is Lord by Kenneth L. Sullivan 10 

The first in a series of articles on the new General Conference 
theme by the 1988-89 Conference Moderator. 

Twenty Things You Can Do to Observe National Bible Week 16 
Suggestions for planning a Bible Week observance in your community. 

Ministry Pages Ashland College 

Strategic Planning Toward the Year 2000 by Joseph R. Shultz 12 
The Many Ways of Giving by James D. Harvey 14 

Toward an Interdependent Tomorrow by David P. Steiner 15 


Developing a Global Vision 2 

by John Maust 

Cartoon 11 

Update 17 

From the Grape Vine 22 

Children's Page 23 

by Alberta Holsinger 

An Expression of Thanks: 

Dear Brethren Far and Wide, 

Marjorie, Adam, Allyson, and I would like to express our deepest 
gratitude to the Brethren everywhere. We are just overwhelmed with the ex- 
pressions of concern from so many of you — the phone calls, unexpected visits 
from many miles away, cards, words of encouragement, offers of help — have 
helped us to believe all the more deeply in the reality of the love of the Breth- 
ren and the importance of the Body of Christ. We need one another. Your 
many kinds of support are deeply appreciated. 

I am making progress and almost feel normal again. Several weeks of re- 
cuperation are ahead, but I am on the way. 

Your help of so many kinds is a big part of the healing process. The 
Brethren are wonderful people and we love you very much. 

In Christ's love, 
Keith Bennett 

(Editor's note: Rev. Bennett underwent open heart [bypass] surgery in 
July and gallbladder surgery during General Conference week. The above 
letter was dated August 24.) 
Answers to Little Crusader Page: 

A. 1-c; 2-f; 3-d; 4-b; 5-a; 6-e. 

B. "The word of the Lord stands forever." 

October 1988 

Three Essentials of the 
ordship of Christ 


GOD calls people for a reason. 
God called Abraham from the 
Tigris-Euphrates basin for a reason. 
God called the Brethren into being 
for a reason. 

The first Brethren had no quarrel 
with the Reformed or Lutheran 
Church over divine grace. Their con- 
cern was the low level of life lived by 
those who called themselves Chris- 
tian. The Brethren held that Jesus 
was the Lord of all life, and His 
teachings were to be followed. They 
got this right out of the New Testa- 
ment. Christ is referred to as "Lord" 
634 times compared to 24 times as 
"Savior." The stress of the New Tes- 
tament is that "Jesus is Lord." This 
was the first confession of faith (I 
Cor. 12:3). All our Brethren distinc- 
tives arise from this basic concept of 

Three essentials of the Lordship of 
Christ were held dear, and they are 
found in the last three verses of the 
Gospel of Matthew (Matt. 28:18-20). 
These three verses hang together 
like links of a chain — each in- 
teracting with the others. 

The First Link 

The first link: If Christ is Lord, 
we must submit to His authority. 

"Then Jesus came to them and said, 

Rev. Kemer is Supervisor of Home 
Missions for the Missionary Board of the 
Brethren Church. 

This article is a written version of a 
message Rev. Kerner delivered at Gen- 
eral Conference. This message was the 
first of six by Brethren elders on topics of 
special significance to Brethren. The re- 
maining five messages will appear in 
coming issues of the Evangelist. 

By Rev. William Kerner 

'All authority in heaven and on 
earth has been given to me' " (Matt. 
28:18).* "Lord" became the normal 
way of describing Jesus after His 
resurrection (Eph. 1:17-23). His 
Lordship is based on His obedience 
in death and victory (Phil. 2:9-11). 
We see that Christ has absolute au- 
thority over all creation and people. 

Authority means freedom of 
choice, right to act, or to dispose of 
one's property as one wishes. Christ 
is saying that everything is His. He 
owns all our possessions. We don't 
own anything. All is on loan from 
Christ. This includes all our time 
and our abilities. All are to be used 
for His honor and glory. 

Many, like Ananias and Sapphira, 
pretend and keep back part of their 
allegiance. They did it with money, 
but it can be done in many ways. 
We must remember that Christ de- 
mands total submission to His 

Lord Nelson defeated the French 
fleet. When the French admiral ap- 
proached Nelson to surrender with 
his sword dangling from his side and 
his hand outstretched. Nelson said, 
"Your sword first, sir." Total sub- 
mission is demanded. 

G. Raymond Carlson (of the As- 
semblies of God), wTiting on 
"Spiritual Life" relates, "As each 
new day dawns, I place self under 
the Lordship and shepherding care 
of the Lord Jesus Christ. When I 
choose His Lordship, I choose 
against myself. It becomes a matter 
of His will rather than mine. All 
think they are master of their own 

*Quotations from the Bible are taken 
from the New International Version. 

lives until they come face to face 
with the One who is absolute Lord. 
When we accept Christ as our 
Savior, we are called upon to affirm 
Him as Lord." 

Peter put them both together on 
the day of Pentecost: "God has made 
this Jesus, whom you crucified, both 
Lord and Christ" (Acts 2:36). We 
dare not separate them. Edmond 
Clowney says, "The gospels all 
center on Jesus Christ. He is the 
Lord, the king; God's salvation is 
found in Him. He is the Lord whom 
we meet in the gospels. The very 
Lord of glory. We cannot negotiate 
with Him; we cannot admit Him to 
our lives on our own terms." Only 
Christ the Lord has the authority to 
open the seven-sealed scroll reveal- 
ing the destiny of the world (Rev. 
5:1-13). John Stott reminds us, "The 
Lordship of Christ means bringing 
all our thinking and living under 
His authority." 

The Second Link 

The second link: If Christ is 
Lord, we must make disciples. 

Because Christ has all authority, He 
said, "Therefore go and make disci- 
ples of all nations . . ." (Matt. 28:19). 
A disciple is one who follows 
another. Making disciples for Christ 
is not an option. We don't set our 
own priorities; we have been given a 
command: "Make disciples!" 

The gospel is the "Good News" 
that Christ's kingdom is at hand. It 
is the gospel of the kingdom that is 
to be proclaimed in all the world. We 
are in the world to bear witness to 
the grace of God in Christ. If not, 
God would have taken us home 

The Brethren Evangeust 

"// Christ is Lord, we must submit totally to His authority, we must 
make disciples of all we meet, and we must obey His teachings. These 
three essentials, if put into practice, will revitalize our church." 

when we became believers (I Pet. 
2:9). We can't escape this; ". . . that 
you may declare the praises of him 
who called you out of darkness into 
his wonderful light." 

The early Christians, whoever 
they were, wherever they went, told 
others about their new Lord. "Jesus 
is Lord!" was their cry. Edward Gib- 
bon, writer of the six-volume work. 
The Decline and Fall of the Roman 
Empire, and certainly no friend of 
Christianity, stated that the gospel 
had reached the shore of India by 
A.D. 49 and the borders of China by 
A.D. 61. 

Tertullian, African bishop writing 
about A.D. 200, declared to his con- 
temporaries, "We are but yesterday, 
and we have filled every place 
among you — cities, islands, for- 
tresses, towns, marketplaces, camps, 
palace. Senate, forums — we have 
left nothing to you but the temples 
of your gods." How did they do it? 
They told of the grace of God and 
how it had changed their lives. 

Most admit the importance of 
making disciples, but tend to leave 
it to those who seem gifted. This 
lack of will to make disciples is 
brought about, in part, when the 
church neglects New Testament 
teachings. We are weak in making 
disciples because of neglect or uncer- 
tainty in two areas: 

"The Brethren held that 
Jesus was the Lord of all 
ii/e, and His teachings 
were to be followed. They 
got this right out of the 
New Testament." 

1. We need a clear concept of con- 
version. My brother and I once 
owned a convertible car. You could 
lower the top and windows and enjoy 
it like a roadster. Or you could raise 
the top and windows and enjoy a 
closed car. You could change from 
one to the other. Conversion means 
"to change." 

The Lausanne Committee for 

World Evangelization defines the 
radical nature of conversion this 
way, "The fundamental meaning of 
conversion is a change of alle- 
giances. Other gods ruled over us, 
but now Jesus Christ is Lord. At 
conversion certain qualifications are 
required: a renunciation of the old 
life and the intention to walk in 
newness of life under the control of a 
new master. His authority over us is 
total. New converts, therefore, must 
reappraise every aspect of their lives 
— these in particular: First, WORLD 
VIEW. This strikes at the heart of our 
culture. Once Christ is Lord, every- 
thing starts to shift (II Cor. 5:15-17). 
Next BEHAVIOR challenges our en- 
tire ethical and moral standards (II 
Cor. 10:5). Then RELATIONSHIPS. 
Conversion involves a transfer from 
one community to another. Paul told 
the church at Colossae, 'He has res- 
cued us from the dominion of dark- 
ness and brought us into the king- 
dom of the Son He loves' (Col. 1:13)." 

Conversion is a turning to God, 
which continues as all areas of life 
are brought, in increasingly radical 
ways, under the Lordship of Christ. 
Conversion involves the Christian's 
complete transformation and total 
renewal in mind and character ac- 
cording to the likeness of Christ. 

We must teach just what conver- 
sion is and the changes that must 
take place in the life of the new be- 

2. Restore the concept of lostness. 
Our problem is that we don't really 
believe that anyone is lost. We have 
lost sight of the everlasting punish- 
ment for the wicked that the New 
Testament speaks about. We have 
come to believe that life is just a 
series of gray, and that there are no 
absolutes, such as heaven or hell. 

John Braun, writing in What Ever 
Happened to Hell, states, "A decay- 
ing society and moral filth are not 
the most tragic part — men and 
women are going to hell and that is 
the most serious consequence of 
grayness." We need to realize anew 
the firm grip of evil on the human 

race. As believers, we know that 
there is a judge coming, Christ the 
Lord, "For he has set a day when he 
will judge the world with justice by 
the man he has appointed. He has 
given proof of this to all men by rais- 
ing him from the dead" (Acts 17:31). 

"Conversion is a turning 
to God, which continues 
as all areas of hfe are 
brought, in increasingly 
radical ways, under the 
Lordship of Christ." 

We who know Christ can either 
usher people into God's kingdom or 
consign them forever to Satan's 
kingdom. We simply make disciples. 
We must contact the lost and lead 
them to Christ. 

Henry Holsinger said, "Use every 
possible means for the conversion of 
souls at all times and under every 
circumstance." Robert H. Glover 
(China Inland Mission) put it this 
way, "The gospel is good news, but 
news can be news only to those who 
have not already heard it, and news 
can be 'good' news only to those who 
hear it in time to benefit." 

The Third Link 

The third link of essentials of 
Lordship: If Christ is Lord, we 
must obey His teachings. ". . . and 

teaching them to obey everything I 
have commanded you" (Matt. 28:20). 
In his new book. The Gospel Ac- 
cording to Jesus, subtitled "What 
Does Jesus Mean When He Says 
Follow Me?" John McArthur states, 
"The invitation Jesus gave to those 
He met, while loving and kind, was 
never easy to accept. The rich young 
ruler, the fishermen who became 
disciples, and the tax collector all 
faced hard choices. Today we hear a 
different kind of gospel — one that 
requires only that sinners offer the 
barest intellectual or emotional as- 
sent to Christ and then assures 
them of eternal security, it is spawn- 
ing false belief that one can be a 

October 1988 

Christian without being a follower 
of the Lord Jesus Christ." This book 
would make an excellent study for 
our pastors. 

Jesus Himself asked, "Why do you 
call me, 'Lord, Lord,' and do not do 
what I say?" (Luke 6:46). And in the 
Sermon on the Mount He goes into 
more detail. "Not everyone who says 
to me, 'Lord, Lord,' will enter the 
kingdom of heaven, but only he who 
does the will of my Father who is in 
heaven" (Matt. 7:21). 

Jesus is saying that no matter 
what one's spiritual accomplish- 
ments may be, no matter how desir- 
able they may be, and no matter 
that the name of the Lord is con- 
stantly on one's lips, we must face 
the fact that the kingdom is made 
up only of those who obey the teach- 
ings of Christ. The Brethren have 
always believed this and put stress 
on doing the teachings of Jesus. 

For Alexander Mack, knowledge 
of faith was not adequate. Faith for 
him was a trusting willingness to 
live in obedience to the pattern set 
by Christ. Henry Holsinger, writing 
in The Progressive Christian in 
1880, said, "The gospel of Christ is 
our only and all-sufficient rule of 
faith and practice." 

At the first convention of the 
Progressive Brethren, in June 1882, 
they wrote in their Declaration of 
Principles, "We hold that in religion 
the Gospel of Christ, and the Gospel 
alone, is a sufficient rule of faith and 

Claud Studebaker, moderator of 
the General Conference in 1940, 
gave us encouragement. "I am quite 
convinced the future growth and 
usefulness of our church lies in 
faithfully preaching our message 
rather than trying to compromise 
our historic faith with some popular 

If Christ is Lord, we must submit 
totally to His authority, we must 
make disciples of all we meet, and 
we must obey His teachings. These 
three essentials, if put into practice, 
will revitalize our church. 

We must proclaim "Jesus is Lord." 
We must preach it. We must teach 
it. And we must do it. [t] 

Tim, Jan, Lisa, and Stephen shortly after their arrival in Colombia. The sign to 
their right is the one the Logans and the Villa Del Rio congregation greeted them with 
at the airport when they arrived in Bogota. 

HAVING just completed two 
months in Colombia, we feel it 
is time to share our first impressions 
with you. When we arrived in 
Bogota on the evening of June 7, we 
were warmly greeted by the Logan 
family and the members of the Villa 
Del Rio congregation. They all met 
us at the airport, complete with 
roses and a banner welcoming us to 

We feel quite at home here, and 
we are glad that the children have 
adjusted so well to the move. While 
still in Sarasota, Lisa, who just 
turned four, attended church serv- 
ices at La Iglesia Hispana de los 
Hermanos (Sarasota's Hispanic con- 
gregation), so she was used to play- 
ing with Spanish-speaking friends. 
Stephen, at age one, is too young to 
really know what's going on, and 
stays busy exploring his new world. 

The Logans have been gracious 
enough to share their spacious home 
with us during these last two 
months, as they did with Dave and 
Diane Kerner last year. But Lord 
willing, by the time you read this we 
will be living in the Villa Del Rio 
neighborhood, in a house that the 
church recently purchased, where 
church meetings will be held in the 
ample garage. The members of the 

Mr. and Mrs. Solomon are Brethren 
missionaries serving their first term in 
Colombia, South America. 

Villa Del Rio Church continue to 
make us feel both welcome and 
wanted, and we are encouraged by 
the bond of friendship that is being 
established between our family and 
these people. 

One of our summer highlights 
here in Colombia was a family camp 
held the first week of July in 
Rionegro (near Medellin). About 60 
Colombians from the churches in 
both Medellin and Bogota attended 
this event. Ray and Marilyn As- 
pinall came up from Argentina to 
help with this camp and to meet 
with the Logans, Kerners, and us in 

The theme for the camp was "The 
Christian's Role in the Church." Ray 
taught the adults and a class for 
men; Marilyn instructed the women; 
Tim played guitar and taught the 
youth; Jan held classes for the chil- 
dren; and Mark Logan served as 
camp director. Camp was especially 
meaningful for two of the Villa Del 
Rio youth. One accepted Christ as 
his personal Savior, and the other — 
a young lady — was baptized in a 
nearby river. 

While Logans have been in the 
U.S. (during August), we have been 
assuming the duties at the Villa Del 
Rio Church and at the SERVICOM 
office. On Sunday mornings, Tim 
leads worship using a guitar, then 
Jan teaches the children while Tim 
leads a class for the adults and 

The Brethren Evangeust 

First Impressions 

of Colombia 

By Tim and Jan Solomon 

youth. Tim has also been speaking 
on Sunday evenings. On Wednes- 
days we meet for Bible studies with 
the men and women respectively. 
Thursday evening we all join to- 
gether for prayer meetings, and on 
Saturday afternoons the youth meet 
for worship, Bible study, and fellow- 

Our other time during the week is 
spent with SERVICOM, which is the 
audio/visual branch of The Brethren 
Church in Colombia, with offices in 
both Bogota and Medellin. Our serv- 
ices include the rental of 16 mm 
Christian films, video tapes, and 
audio equipment. Some of our films 
have even been shown on Colombian 

Many people in Colombia seem to 
be experiencing a real awakening to 

Above, Lisa (I.) with her new Colombian friend, Angela, just two days after the Sol- 
omons' arrival in Medellin. At right, Stephen all dressed up for his first Sunday in 

the gospel. We have received posi- 
tive reactions to our ministry from 

Missionary Ray Aspinall baptizes Claudia Rodriguez at Camp Rionegro. 

everyone so far, including cab driv- 
ers, store owners, and neighbors. 

The fact that we have already re- 
ceived more than 180 letters from 
Brethren in the U.S. reminds us of 
your love and support. Please con- 
tinue to pray for both the numerical 
and spiritual growth of the church 
in Colombia. 

This report would not be complete 
without us expressing our sincere 
gratitude to you, our partners in the 
faith. We would like to thank you 
for your prayers, your financial sup- 
port, your hospitality, and your love. 
In the words of the Apostle Paul: "I 
thank my God every time I re- 
member you. In all my prayers for 
all of you, I always pray with joy be- 
cause of your partnership in the gos- 
pel from the first day until now . 
(Phil. 1:3-5, niv). ftl 

October 1988 

How to 

Develop a 

Church Budget 

By Reilly R. Smith 

^URING my second year of semi- 
nary, my wife Cindy and I de- 
cided that we were tired of running 
out of paycheck before the end of the 
pay period. We were not making a 
great deal of money, but it seemed 
that we should have been doing bet- 
ter than we were. So one afternoon 
we sat down together, asked the 
Lord for wisdom, assessed our in- 
come and outgo, and developed our 
very first budget — after 10 years of 

Two things resulted from that ses- 
sion: (1) We have not had an argu- 
ment about money since that day. 
(2) We have always been able to pay 
our bills and obligations on time 
without worrying about where the 
money was going to come from. We 
have made some difficult choices 
and some mistakes since that day, 
but God has helped us to see how we 
could live well even though our in- 
come was modest. 

I have met many couples, both in 
and out of The Brethren Church, 
who would benefit greatly from de- 
veloping a family budget. I also 
know that many of our Brethren 
churches would find that a "family 
budget" would help them do better, 
too. I pray that this article will help 
churches that need help to get 

A plan for ministry 

A church budget reflects congre- 
gational commitment to ministry. It 
takes into account income, expenses. 

Rev. Smith, pastor of the Mulvane, 
Kansas, Brethren Church, is chairman of 
the General Conference Stewardship 


programs, and outreach. It reveals 
priorities. A church budget is a plan 
for ministry. 

Developing a church budget re- 
quires that a church know where it 
is going. Most church constitutions 
include some kind of statement of 
purpose that provides a general di- 
rection for the congregation. The 
more specifically a congregation's 
purpose is stated, the more useful 
the statement of purpose can be. 
Every program of tne church should 
be tied directly to the church's pur- 
pose. Much poor congregational 
stewardship is due to spending time 
and money on irrelevant activity. 
Focusing attention, effort, and 
money on programs and activities 
that fulfill the statement of purpose 
improves stewardship. 

A budget committee 

Developing a church budget also 
requires that a church honestly and 
accurately assess income and ex- 
penditures. I recommend that con- 
gregations appoint a budget commit- 
tee to carefully examine the finan- 
cial statements of the past three 
years and the first nine months of 
the current year. 

Committee members should or- 
ganize the expenditures into 
categories. Most congregations 
should be able to use a simple sys- 
tem of organization. On the follow- 
ing pages is my version of a system 
adapted by Rev. Bill Kerner from 
Accounting Methods for the Small 
Church by Manfred Hoick.* It in- 
cludes five main categories: 

*Holck, Manfred, Jr.: Accounting Meth- 
ods for the Small Church. Minneapolis: 
Augsburg Publishing House, 1961. 

1. Outreach (Denominational 

2. Pastoral Ministry 1 

3. Programming (Local Ministry) ^ 

4. Operations and Maintenance | 

5. Debt Retirement/Building 

All expenditures must be listed 
under one of the categories. The il- 
lustrations will show how I do this 
using line item budget categories. 

Then committee members should 
look for income patterns (high and 
low peaks during the year), growth 
in giving, areas of financial strength 
and weakness, and broadness of the 
financial base (how many family 
units contribute significantly). It 
should also look for expenditure pat- 
terns (high and low utility bills, sea- 
sonal programs, etc.), spending in 
accordance with the purpose of the 
church, fixed versus discretionary 
spending, and ways to maximize the 
use of money for God's work. 

The next step in developing a 
church budget is to project the in- 
come and expenses for the last three 
months of the current year, based on 
the growth or decline of income and 
expenses over the four-year period. 
The result is a well-estimated finan- 
cial statement for the current year. 
It is also an accurate status quo 
"budget" for the current year. Based 
on this "budget" for the ciurent 
year, it is possible to project a status 

The Brethren Evangeust 

quo "budget" for the coming year 
based on the growth of income and 
expenses over the last four years, 
with allowances for inflation and 
yearly increases for staff salaries. 

This is as far as many congrega- 
tions ever get with their budgets, 
but it is not adequate. It will not 
help get congregational spending in 
line with congregational purpose. 

"Focusing attention, 
effort, and money on 
programs and activities 
that fulGll [a church's] 
statement of purpose 
improves stewardship." 

The next step is to examine the 
overall "budget" in light of the pur- 
pose of the congregation. Ask ques- 
tions like these: What priority have 
we placed on ministry? How much 
money is available for outreach/mis- 
sions? Does this budget reflect a 
commitment to the Great Commis- 
sion? Where can we save money in 
order to maximize its use for king- 
dom purposes? The answers to these 

Illustration 1: 

Spending Worksheet 

A format for determining "status quo" budgets for the current and coming year. 1 






9 mns.' 

12 mns.' 


100 Outreach: 

101 National giving 





102 District giving 





103 Missions giving 





200 Pastoral Ministry: 

201 Salary 





202 Housing 





203 Benefits 





204 Expenses 





300 Programming: 

301 Christian Education 





302 Worship 





303 Stewardship 





304 Evangelism 





400 Operations & Maintenance: 

401 Staff salaries 





402 Supplies 





403 Utilities 





404 Insurance 





405 Groundskeeping 





406 Miscellaneous 





500 Debt Retirement/Building Fund: 

501 Church building 





502 Parsonage 





503 Properties 





Total Projected Need 


'Last year's actual total amounts spent. 

^Actual amounts spent during ttie first nine 

months of the current year. 

^Projected spending lor the full current yea 

based on 

expenditures for the first nine months. 

"Projected expenses for ttie coming year. 

Illustration 2: Sample Budget Planni 



A format useful for developing 

a line-item budget for eacfi budget category. 







100 Outreacti: 

101 National giving 




1 . Benevolent Bd. 




2. B.C.E. 




3. Publishing Co. 




4. World Relief 




5. A.T.S. 




6. Ashland College 




7. Min. Student Aid 




8. The Brethren Church 




a. Apportionment 

b. Delegate Fees 

102 District giving 




1. Apportionments 




2. Missions 




103 Missions giving 




1 . Foreign Missions 




2. Home Missions 




3. Special Missions 




4. Local Projects 




Total Proposed 



200 Pastoral Ministry: (Analysis') 

300 Programming: (Analysis) 

400 Operations & Maintenance: (Analysis) 

500 Debt Retirement/Building Fund: 


Total Budget 


■This and each of the following expenditure categories 

would be brol<en down into various suljcategories, | 

as was done with the one abiove. 

and other questions you might de- 
vise will determine what general ad- 
justments can be made to make the 
status quo budget become a func- 
tional budget that guides the con- 
gregation's stewardship in accord- 
ance with its purpose. 

Having determined what general 
adjustments can be made, the 
budget committee needs to solicit 
input from every spending unit in 
the congregation (SS, BYC, WMS, 
NLO, various committees, the pas- 
tor, secretary, trustees, janitor, etc.). 
[Note: If the auxiliaries in your 
church maintain separate treas- 
uries, then only include those units 
which actually use the congrega- 
tion's funds.] Each group or indi- 
vidual should give a detailed report 
of estimated needs for the coming 
year including both the items 
needed and their cost. 

Now the budget committee pos- 
sesses three great pictures of the 
coming financial year: (1) the status 
quo — what will happen if we con- 
duct business as usual; (2) the ad- 
justed plan; and (3) the dream 
budget — which reflects the com- 
(continued on page 11) 

October 1988 

By Moderator Kenneth L. Sullivan 

AS MODERATOR for the 1988- 
1989 Conference year, I would 
like us to think about our theme, 
"Jesus Is Lord." I will be writing 
articles for the Evangelist which 
develop this theme and which, I 
trust, will focus our thinking and 
faithfulness during the coming 

I want to thank Dale Stoffer for 
his leadership and inspiration dur- 
ing the past year. We all owe him a 
debt of gratitude for giving shape to 
the direction of our denomination for 
the next decade. I ask for your 
prayers as I begin my ministry as 
moderator and trust that we can 
build upon Dale's work as we seek 
God's direction for the future of The 
Brethren Church. 

Last year's theme made clear 
"that Christ's identity determines 
ours. Who He is dictates who we are 
and who we should be." We seek to 
build upon this idea by recognizing 
that "the source, the center, the 
focus of our lives must be Jesus 
Christ." Jesus is Lord! 

The importance of words 

Words are such small things. They 
flow out of our mouths at such speed 
that we give them little thought. We 
tend to be more motivated by our 
feelings. Today's culture is geared 

Moderator Sullivan is pastor of the 
Trinity Brethren Church of North Can- 
ton, Ohio. 

toward satisfying the physical 
senses instead of the mind. 

But words carry the content of our 
thoughts and convictions revealing 

Moderator Kenneth Sullivan (left) with 
outgoing Moderator Dale Stoffer at the 
conclusion of the 1988 General Confer- 
ence in August. 

our true beliefs and declaring the 
focus of our creed. They are the 
framework within which we think 
critically concerning the articles of 
our religion. They are the blocks 
upon which our doctrines rise or fall. 
They expose before all the depth or 
the shallowness of our faith. 

Three words: "Jesus is Lord." In- 
nocent enough, but the battle is 
waged at this precise point. As 
Christians we often fail to ap- 
preciate their impact. Christ is King 
and He demands supremacy in all 

things. Before Him all knees must 
bend and all tongues confess that 
"Jesus is Lord." His reign extends to 
all of life, touching even the small- 
est aspect of it. Jesus is the standard 
by which everyone is measured. To 
Him both individuals and govern- 
ments must eventually submit. Be- 
fore Him all of us are found woefully 

The nations rage against this 
standard. Understanding the impli- 
cations, they know that either 
Christ is King of all, or He is King 
of nothing. There is no neutral 
ground on this point. Harry Bla- 
mires, in The Christian Mind, wrote 
"that here is something which is 
either authoritative and binding or 
false; deserving of submission or of 
total neglect. Reason allows no place 
for a casual, one-man-to-another ap- 
proach to God and His demands. It is 
either the bowed head or the turned 

Words that cost 

Jesus is Lord! Men and women 
have died for these three words. To 
confess "Jesus is Lord" carries with 
it a cost. On a cool February 23rd in 
the year A.D. 155 an elderly Chris- 
tian positioned himself at the point 
of battle. Betrayed by a fellow Chris- 
tian, Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna, 
was arrested and brought before the 
proconsul. The battle raged around 
who is "lord." Roman law required 
citizens to declare Caesar as lord 
and to sacrifice to him. 

"What is wrong with saying 
'Lord!' and 'Caesar!' and sacrificing, 
and the rest of it, and thereby sav- 
ing your life?" he was asked. The 
proconsul wanted to persuade him to 
deny his faith, urging him, "Con- 
sider your great age .... Swear by 
the genius of Caesar; change your 
mind. Say, 'Away with the atheists.' " 

Polycarp, however, looked with a 
serious expression upon the whole 
mob assembled in the arena. He 
waved his hand over them, sighed 
deeply, looked up to heaven, and 
said, "Away with the atheists." 

But the proconsul pressed him 
further and said to him, "Swear and 
I will release you! Curse Christ!" 

Polycarp answered, "Eighty-six 
years have I served Him, and He has 
never done me any harm. How could 
I blaspheme my King and Savior?" 

The mob yelled with uncontrolled 


The Brethren Evangelist 

anger at the top of their voices, "He 
is the teacher of Asia! The father of 
the Christians! The destroyer of our 
gods! He has persuaded many not to 
sacrifice and not to worship. Bxirn 
him at the stake." 

No compromise 

Jesus is Lord! Why such a sac- 
rifice over three words? Words are 
everything. They are not small 
things. They are the tools with 
which we establish the boundaries of 
Christian truth. Only one is Lord 
and that Lord is Jesus. He is the de- 
stroyer of gods and the one who sets 
men free from their enslavement. 
There can be no compromise, no giv- 
ing ground, no neutrality. Govern- 
ments and authorities are appointed 
by God, but they are not Lord. Every 
inch of compromise is in reality 
capitulation to false gods. 

We do not face the danger of per- 
secution and the sacrifice of our 
lives for words. The battle we face is 
more subtle. There is no clearly de- 
clared enemy. Instead, our convic- 
tions are erroded as truth is reduced 
to popular statistical opinion. 

Jesus is not Lord because of demo- 
cratic vote. Jesus is not Lord by 
popular acclaim. Jesus is not Lord 
because of prevailing opinion. He is 
Lord because "by him all things 
were created: things in heaven and 
on earth, visible and invisible, 
whether thrones or powers or rulers 
or authorities; all things were 
created by him and for him. ... so 
that in everything he might have 
the supremacy" (Col. 1:16-18, Niv). 

Every Christian belief, every act 
of obedience, every ministry of the 
church begins from this premise: 
"Jesus Is Lord." [t] 

Developing a Church Budget 

(continued from page 9) 
bined dreams of the church depart- 

The final task of the budget com- 
mittee is to combine these three fi- 
nancial pictures into one composite 
budget that reflects the purpose of 
the church. The budget should guide 
the congregation into the coming 
year with ministry as the top prior- 
ity. It should require some steps of 
faith to reach the new goals, but not 
unrealistic leaps in the dark. 

The budget should then be sub- 
mitted to the official board for re- 
view. Suggestions from the official 
board should be incorporated into 
the budget. The official board then 
recommends the budget to the con- 
gregation for adoption. 

When presenting the budget to 
the congregation, the budget com- 
mittee chairperson should em- 
phasize that it is a tool to help the 
church improve both its stewardship 
and ministry. The chairperson 
should also emphasize that the 
budget is not set in concrete, but can 
be adjusted as necessary to better 
reflect the purposes of the church or 
to accommodate changing financial 

Each quarter the official board 
should then do a budget check-up to 
see how well the church is doing 
financially in its commitment to 
ministry. Adjustments can be 
suggested, or means determined to 

Illustration 3: 

Church Budget 

Sample format for 

presenting the 

budget to the congregation. 

100 Outreach: 

101 National giving 


102 District giving 


103 Missions giving 



200 Pastoral Ministry: 

201 Salary 


202 Housing 


203 Benefits 


204 Expenses 



300 Programming: 

301 Christian Ed. 


302 Worsfiip 


303 Stewardship 


304 Evangelism 



400 Operations & Maintenance 

401 Staff salaries 


402 Supplies 


403 Utilities 


404 Insurance 


405 Groundskeeping 


406 Miscellaneous 



500 Debt Retirement/Building Fund: | 

501 Church building 


502 Parsonage 


503 Properties 






challenge the congregation to be- 
come more involved in making the 
budget work. 

Each year, the process is repeated 
with increasing success, larger steps 
of faith, and growing ministry in the 
community and denomination. [t] 

"The budget should guide the congregation into 
the coming year with ministry as the top priority. 
It should require some steps of faith to reach the 
new goals, but not unrealistic leaps in the dark." 

Pontius' Puddle 

/\ CWOtAP 

October 1988 


Strategic Planning 
Toward the Year 2000 

A New Renaissance in Education 

By Dr. Joseph R. Shultz 
President, Ashland College 

EDUCATION today is entering 
a new renaissance period. So- 
cial and technical forces at work in 
America have brought fundamen- 
tal changes to higher education. 
National studies have focused pub- 
lic attention on education. Proba- 
bly the most publicized call for edu- 
cational reform in recent years was 
the 1983 report by the National 
Commission on Excellence in Edu- 
cation entitled, "A Nation at Risk; 
The Imperative for Educational 
Reform." Two studies published 
independently in late 1985 in The 
Chronicle of Higher Education and 
Change magazine reported low 
morale, minimal competencies in 
basic subjects, and low test scores. 

This renaissance in American 
education, however defined or de- 
scribed, is a great opportunity. In- 
stitutions of higher learning across 
the country are taking steps to 
make themselves better. Ashland 
College is in an excellent position 
to lead the renaissance. To that 
end, it is our challenge to create an 
agenda for strategic planning. 

During 1987/88, self-studies 
were conducted for the North Cen- 
tral Association of Colleges and 
Schools, the Ohio Department of 
Education, and the Ohio Board of 
Regents. All were concluded with 
complimentary approvals. We are 
entering a time of creative think- 
ing and conceptual planning. Ash- 
land College, with its academic or- 
ganization, resources, and institu- 
tional strengths, can now be guided 
by its own agenda. 

Dr. Shultz enjoys a few lighthearted moments with two Ashland College stu- 
dents along the Avenue of Eagles, a beautifully landscaped walkway that runs 
through the middle of the AC campus. 

Successful strategic planning 
and productive goals are related to 
legacy and historic principles. The 
early fathers of the college, begin- 
ning in the twelfth century, were 
committed to liberal arts educa- 
tion. The historic issues of educa- 
tion and values — intellectual 
standards, personal contact, and 
social responsibility — raised 
within the context of under- 
graduate education are equally 
relevant to graduate education and 
to education for the professions. All 
education should lead to the exer- 
cise of leadership, and accordingly, 
carries added obligations for re- 
sponsible, moral behavior. Ethical 
concerns for the practice of busi- 
ness, journalism, public service, 

teaching, and liberal arts research 
are raised from a variety of 

Renaissance in Liberal 
Arts Education 

The first agenda item for the fu- 
ture is the same as the first agenda 
item was in the past — liberal arts 

a. The first principle, a disci- 
plined mind, frees one from falla- 
cious argumentation and inaccu- 
rate judgments based upon flawed 
reasoning, and it creates clear, con- 
cise reasoning. 

b. The second principle involves 
morals, ethics, and religion so that 
one can state what ought to become 
and what ought not to be. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

c. The broad experience allows 
one to understand the problems of 
other people, nations, and cultures. 

A liberal arts education at Ash- 
land College is preparing a student 
for lifelong learning within profes- 
sions and careers, rather than just 
an education to get a job. The goal 
of education is to help students to 
possess an integrated world view 
and understand global economy. 

II. Renaissance in Shaping 
Students' Character 

The attitudes of America have 
changed. Revelations about the 
conduct of persons on Wall Street 
(Ivan Bolsky), the religious world 
(Jim Bakker and Swaggart), the 
political world (the Senate Ethics 
Committee), and many more have 
prompted fresh concern over the 
standards of behavior exhibited by 
leaders in society. As America, and 
perhaps other parts of the world, 
has become worried about the na- 
tional ethical standards, univer- 
sities are bound to come under 
examination. Almost every public 
servant — business executive, at- 
torney, physician, indeed, virtually 
all leaders in every walk of life — 
who enters our colleges and profes- 
sional schools remains there for 
critical formative years. 

Harvard President Derek Bok's 
report to his "Overseers" and his 
commencement address centered 
on the responsibility of universities 
in seeking to develop character in 
the lives of the students. He states, 
"It has only been in the twentieth 
century when educators have not 
sought to build the character of 
their students." 

The twentieth century attitude 
and curriculum remained much the 
same until the 1960s. The schools 
of medicine, however, have now led 
the way in teaching ethics even 
though its academic disciplines and 
scientific ethos were farthest re- 
moved of all the professional 
schools from moral philosophy. 
Ethical problems simply became 
too pressing to ignore any more. 
The questions of abortion were 
quickly joined by many other con- 
troversies such as euthanasia, test- 
tube babies, medical experiments 
on human beings, etc. 

The Ashland College quadrangle as seen from the Avenue of Eagles. 

Because of the questions in the 
technical, medical, and business 
worlds, the number of ethical 
courses in professional schools and 
universities nationwide has risen 
by about 10,000. 

The renaissance in moral 
philosophy and ethics is forcing 
higher education to teach the stu- 
dent how to reason through confus- 
ing dilemmas and conflicting argu- 
ments that abound in an era when 
society's consensus on issues of 
value has disintegrated under the 
weight of cultural diversity, self- 
serving rationalization, technologi- 
cal change, and other complexities 
of modern life. 

Neither the classics nor history 
have yielded a sufficiently compel- 

ling normative vision for ethical 
behavior. Humanistic disciplines 
have become too preoccupied with 
other concerns to give close atten- 
tion to ethical questions, and most 
professors do not feel competent to 
teach such material. By studying 
problems that commonly arise in 
personal and professional life, stu- 
dents will more likely perceive 
moral dilemmas they would other- 
wise ignore. 

The technical, ecological, and 
global problems of the world bring 
to higher education the uncom- 
promising demand to deal with the 
moral and ethical issues of our cen- 
tury — a renaissance born out of 
the problems and challenges of oxu" 
time. [t] 

AC Enrollment at Ail-Time High 

Ashland College surpassed the 
4,000-student mark for the first 
time ever this fall with 4,072 stu- 
dents enrolled in the college's on- 
campus and off-campus programs 
for 1988-89. The previous high en- 
rollment was 3,998, set last year. 

The daytime enrollment of 1,615 
(1,505 full-time, 110 part-time) is 
also up fi-om last year (1,558), and 
is the largest dajd;ime enrollment 
since the 1977-78 academic year. 
This year's class of fi"eshmen and 
transfer students numbers 553, 

four more than last year. Enroll- 
ment at Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary also increased this year to 
441, up from last year's 423. 

The increased enrollment re- 
flects AC's long-term strategy of 
serving not only traditional stu- 
dents, but also people in profes- 
sions and careers who are seeking 
lifelong, continuing education, ac- 
cording to AC president Dr. Joseph 
R. Shultz. Dr. Shultz also noted 
that the college's on-going campus 
beautification project has been a 
contributing factor in recruiting 
new students. 

October 1988 


The Many Ways 

of Giving 

By James D. Harvey 

THE FUTURE of education re- 
lies on those who beUeve that 
it is important to provide a legacy 
for our succeeding generations. 

Webster's New World Dictionary 
defines a legacy as the money or 
property left to one by a will or be- 
quest. But in order to fully com- 
prehend the meaning of legacy, one 
must appreciate the myriad of 
reasons that motivate individuals 
to make a bequest. 

All who have attended college 
know what an important adven- 
ture it is — a time of meeting new 
challenges, facing various tests, 
exploring new ideas, and making 
new acquaintances. Many of us re- 
member that special professor or 
that exemplary adviser who by his 
or her caring attitude or personal 
advice motivated us to learn. How 
we enjoy getting together with col- 
leagues and reminiscing about 
these special people who touched 
our lives in so many different 
ways! The college experience was 
the gateway that opened the way 
and led us with renewed en- 
thusiasm to our life work. 

The annual statistics for 1987 as 
reported in Giving U.S.A. indicate 
that more than four-fifths of the 
$93.68 billion donated to charity 
last year came from individuals. 
Estate bequests made up the 
largest share of the remainder at 
$6.4 billion. Religious institutions 
received the largest share of these 
gifts (40 percent), with education 

Mr. Harvey is vice president for in- 
stitutional advancement at Ashland 

ranking third behind health and 
health care institutions. 

Ashland College is involved in a 
continual fund-raising effort — 
asking for contributions for the an- 
nual fund drive, the capital cam- 
paign and AC 1000, as well as for 
special projects. 

Some of the most effective ways 
a person can give to AC are 
through a will, an annuity, a trust, 
or life insurance. For people who 
can't afford to give during their 
lifetime because of ^nancial limita- 
tions, making a bequest to the col- 
lege through a will is an ideal solu- 
tion. It's also a way for those who 
want to perpetuate the ideals of 
Ashland College to show their sup- 
port for the school without sacrific- 
ing their accustomed way of life. 

Many times those of us who work 
in fund-raising are pleasantly sur- 
prised when we receive a telephone 
call from an attorney or a family 
member informing us that an 
alumnus or friend of the college 
has provided or is providing for the 
college in his or her estate plans. 

Gifts to Ashland College through 
wills and bequests totaled $177,555 
during the 1987-88 fiscal year, and 
$5,335 has been received through 
August of the current year. During 
this period the college received 
wills and bequests from the estates 
of Alta Rachow, Beulah Sliger, 
D.A. Hindman, Edna Wilkin, 
Eunice Dean, James Hoffman, Lois 
Brown, Lulu Poffenberger, Albert 
Burger, Rhea Moherman, Walter 
Leslie Brandenburg, Eva Ann 
Gaw, and Golda Broadwater. 

In order to honor these people, 
the college has established The 
Founders Society, recognizing 

those who have made a commit- 
ment to the present and future life 
and growth of the college by in- 
cluding it in their estate plans. 

The Founders Society joins AG's 
other prestige giving clubs — Cen- 
tury, AC'cent, President's, and the 
Glenn L. Clayton Society. 

Providing for Ashland's future in 
any amount may include any of 
these financial instruments: 

1. bequest by will 

2. charitable gift annuity 

3. charitable remainder trust 

4. pooled income fund 

5. real estate 

6. beneficiary of insurance 

7. beneficiary of bank 
accounts, stocks, and 

8. investment endowment 

We honor the charter members 
of The Founders Society for their 
foresight and their confidence in 
Ashland College. They have re- 
ceived personal satisfaction and 
fulfillment from designating their 
gifts via thoughtful estate plan- 
ning. They remembered Ashland 

There are tax and other advan- 
tages to planned gifts. Our develop- 
ment staff welcomes the opportun- 
ity to work with you and your fi- 
nancial advisers in planning the 
gift that best meets your needs and 
provides a legacy for the college. 

During the past several years, 
Ashland College has been fortu- 
nate to receive a number of be- 
quests that have created scholar- 
ships for those attending Ashland 
College. Such scholarships can 
mean the difference between a 


The Brethren Evangelist 

prospective student attending or 
not attending college. It's a fact 
that many students attending Ash- 
land College today would not be 
able to afford this schooling if it 
were not for an endowed scholar- 

One example of a scholarship 
fund is the Velma Wimmer Carl 
Endowed Scholarship, which was 
established by Mrs. Carl's hus- 
band, Paul, in her honor to per- 
petuate her interest in the teach- 
ing profession. An award is made 
annually to a young woman who is 
a full-time student entering her 

junior year and majoring in 
elementary education. 

Another is the Dr. J. Ray and 
Christine W. Klingensmith En- 
dowed Scholarship in Religion and 
Elementary Education, which was 
established through a contribution 
by the East Homer United Church 
of Christ and through gifts by the 
Klingensmith family and friends. 
The income from these gifts is 
awarded annually to two full-time 
upperclass students. 

It is gratifying to report that the 
Ashland College Partnership in 
Excellence Capital Campaign has 

achieved pledges totaling more 
than $10.8 million or 77 percent of 
the $14-million goal as of Sep- 
tember 1988. This fund-raising 
drive, which is the most ambitious 
in the college's history, is now in 
the fourth year of the five-year 

A total of $7 million of the goal 
is designated for endowment, 
which reflects the college's need 
to strengthen its financial base. 
In addition, $6 million of the goal 
is designated for operations and 
$1 million for campus improve- 
ments, [t] 

Toward an 
Interdependent Tomorrow 

By David P. Steiner 

RECENTLY, at our annual fall 
convocation, I spoke on a 
statement that is one of my favor- 
ites — "Tomorrow is the hope for 
today." The focus of my comments 
was that no matter how desperate 
today may appear, there is a bright 
future just around the corner. The 
reiteration of such a thought is 

Mr. Steiner is a junior at Ashland 
College and president of the AC student 
senate. He is the son of Rev. Paul 
Steiner, a 1963 graduate of AC and 
former Brethren pastor now serving in 
the Church of the Brethren. 

vitally necessary in view of this 
year's elections. 

While we all may feel rather se- 
cure in our protected boxes, it is 
generally believed that impending 
doom is staring us in the face. We, 
as young men and women, are 
forced to place a great deal of pre- 
carious faith in the hands of those 
older and "wiser" than we are. The 
bridge between the generation that 
now leads us and the one that must 
do so in the future is somewhat 
shaky. The former grew up hardly 
knowing what a television is, 
whereas the latter can barely sur- 
vive without the daily "soapduds." 

In today's world, it is not enough 
to be an expert in one's own disci- 
pline. Though we as Americans 
enjoy isolating and protecting our- 
selves, George Washington's words 
of caution and the isolationist sen- 
timents of the 1920's are no longer 
acceptable. Our world is no longer 
limited to our backyard or to our 
"sea to shining sea" borders. We 
have been forced into the world- 
arena of ideas and relationships. In 
order to coexist with those with 
whom we may not agree, we must 
first attempt to understand them. 
Realizing that the world is an in- 
terlocking puzzle, we as students 
must deal with the whole picture. 

The liberal arts experience pro- 
vides the only kind of education 
that prepares us for this task. An 
interrelational understanding of 
all major disciplines is the key to 
the comprehension of how success 
is merited in today's world. Politi- 
cal science, education, and business 
cannot be studied effectively with- 
out adequate communication skills 
and knowledge of other specific dis- 
ciplines. Though we may not be 
able to attain the same degree of 
expertise in all disciplines as we 
achieve in our own area of study, 
we are nevertheless strengthened 
by our knowledge and understand- 
ing of these subjects. 

While many schools strive to at- 
tain excellence in one field, Ash- 
land College has grasped the vision 
of an interdependent tomorrow. An 
AC education is one that trains 
students for living, not just for a 
career. The problems we will en- 
counter in the 1990s and beyond 
will require that we face them with 
the most diverse of educational 
backgrounds. We as AC students 
will be able to cope with these 
problems and to make the hope of 
tomorrow a reality. Let us hope 
that today's leaders strive to pro- 
vide a tomorrow so that we may 
display our vision. [t] 

October 1988 


Twenty Things You Can Do 
To Observe National Bible Week 

November 20 to 27, 1988 
Theme: Read the Bible. The Way to Go. 

Any group or individual wishing to help increase Bible reading and study throughout 
America is welcome to initiate a Bible Week celebration in their community or region. 

It is best to organize a local committee to do the planning and preparation. It should have a 
broad base from religious, civic, and youth clubs, business and labor groups, schools, colleges, 
libraries, bookstores, and others in the community where the Bible Week celebration will be 
held. Also, often an individual working alone has planned and conducted a successful celebra- 
tion when organizing a committee wasn't possible. The Laymen's National Bible Association of- 
fers free nonsectarian materials to be distributed during Bible Week. The most effective pro- 
gram activities are those developed locally with the local creative talent and resources. 

Here are twenty ideas for things to do to observe National Bible Week. How many more can 
you think of for your celebration? 

In Your Community 

1. Arrange for the free distribution 
of biblical materials that help the un- 
initiated discover the wonderful mes- 
sage contained in the Bible. This non- 
sectarian literature — most is free — 
can be secured in quantity from 
LNBA. This material can be given out 
on the street, in bookstores, in houses 
of worship — any public places. 

2. Conduct an essay contest for 
adults which asks the entrants to 
write a personal view on the Bible's 
importance in our nation's heritage. 

3. Conduct a poster contest for the 
youth of your community. Ask them to 
show what the Bible means to them, 
e.g., joy, understanding, inspiration. 
Select winners in a youth and a child's 
division. Send winning entries to 
LNBA after you've displayed them 
during National Bible Week. 

4. Ask your Mayor and Governor to 
proclaim Bible Week in your city and 
state. Invite local leaders to attend the 
proclamation signings. Alert newspap- 
ers, radio, and TV of the signing as far 
ahead as you can. Ask the mayor's and 
governor's press offices to help ar- 
range full media coverage. Have a 
photographer take pictures for dis- 
tribution to the press. 

In Your House of Worship 

5. Ask all houses of worship to an- 
nounce National Bible Week through 
newsletters, bulletin boards, and an- 
nouncements during public worship. 

6. Conduct an interfaith worship 
service bringing together people from 

This article is a reprint of a flyer pre- 
pared by the Laymen's National Bible 
Association as is used by permission of 
the Association. 

every congregation that uses the Bible 
in worship. Such a celebratory service 
can include Jews and Christians of all 

7. Ask the clergy at each house of 
worship in your community to preach 
a sermon during a regular worship 
service in National Bible Week on the 
relevance of the Bible for meaningful 
personal living. 

These are suggestions. Focus 
on what you can do and your 
ideas. To get started, request a 
free packet of all materials offered 
for use in leading a Bible Week 
observance in your community. 
Write to: 

The Laymen's National 

Bible Association, Inc. 

Department S 

815 Second Avenue 

New York, NY 10017-4503 

The packet is sent without obli- 
gation. It contains an order blank 
for use in requesting quantities of 
materials for free distribution in 
your community. (A small postage 
and handling fee is requested.) 

8. Urge the education leaders or 
clergy of your city to lead Bible study 
groups in the places where people 
work — factories, stores, offices. Lay 
men and women can help organize 
such groups. Work with your friends 
to develop interfaith Bible study 
groups in your neighborhood. 

9. Conduct a drama competition 
among all the Sunday and Sabbath 
schools in your community. Ask each 
school to enact one Bible story. Have 
each group present its playlet during 

an event called "Bringing the Bible to 
Life in (name of your town)." Have a 
panel of judges who will select win- 
ners. Award prizes or ribbons to the 
winning schools. 

10. Create a display of unique Bi- 
bles owTied by residents of your com- 
munity. The oldest, the largest, the 
smallest, one carried to America by an 
immigrant, foreign language editions, 
Bibles carried to war by veterans are 
just some of those that have great per- 
sonal meaning. Such a display will 
give public witness to how fellow citi- 
zens value their Bibles. Put it in a 
store window, a shopping mall, a 
bookstore, a library, a bank lobby, or 
any place where many people pass by 
on a daily basis. 

In Your Civic Club 

11. Plan a program for your club, 
sorority, fraternity, lodge, or civic 
group in which the members tell how 
they were introduced to the Bible and 
by whom. Was it a parent, a grandpar- 
ent, a teacher, a pastor? Where, how, 
by whom did your friends and as- 
sociates come to know the Bible? Or, is 
it possible that some have yet to dis- 
cover why knowing the Bible is impor- 
tant? Can you, with your love for the 
Bible, your enthusiasm, and creativity 
be the one who introduces friends and 
neighbors to the most important col- 
lection of books in the world? 

12. Sponsor an art contest in which 
artists in your community are asked 
to depict a favorite Bible personality, 
scene, incident, or story. Open the con- 
test to all art forms: painting, draw- 
ing, water color, sculpture, collage, de- 
coupage, videotape, or others. 

13. Arrange with a community 
choral group or a choir from a house of 

(continued on next page) 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Newark Church Given New Challenge 
At 25th Anniversary Celebration 

Newark, Ohio — Rev. James R. 
Black challenged members of the 
Newark Brethren Church to dedicate 
time, money, and effort to winning ten 
new families to the Lord in a message 
he delivered to the congregation on 
Sunday morning, August 21, during 
the 25th anniversary celebration of 
the dedication of the church building. 
"Wouldn't it be great if this church 

spent as much time, money, cuid con- 
centration on winning ten new 
families for the Lord as it has for re- 
pairing this building?" Rev. Black, 
executive director of the Missionary 
Board, asked the congregation. 

The repairs to which he referred 
were those done as part of a $35,000 
renovation project known as VISION 
'87. This project included repairing the 

Worshipers seated in the sanctuary of the newly repaired Newark Church building 
during the afternoon rededication service. Rev. Bill Kerner and Rev. Jim Black are at 
the far right of the photo. 

(continued from previous page) 
worship in your community to do a 
public concert in which all selections 
are musical settings of biblical texts. 
Sacred music literature contains many 
such texts. 

14. Arrange with a community the- 
ater or college drama department to 
present a production of a drama on 
a biblical theme such as "J.B." by 
Archibald MacLeish or "Journey to 
Jerusalem" by Maxwell Anderson. 

15. Arrange free public showings of 
a film with a biblical theme such as 
"The Ten Commandments" or "The 
Greatest Story Ever Told." 

16. Arrange with a local library to 
display books about the Bible to show 
the variety of literature inspired by 
the Bible or based upon it. One display 
might be just novels based on the 
Bible. Another might be books about a 
portion of the Bible such as the Pen- 
tateuch or the New Testament. The 
purpose is to show the diversity of 
such writings available in your com- 

October 1988 

With the Public Media 

17. Arrange with your local radio, 
TV or cable station to present a spe- 
cial broadcast for National Bible Week 
in which important or well-known 
local people are invited to read a favo- 
rite Bible passage and explain its 

18. Ask your local newspaper, 
radio, or TV station to present a Bible 
Week editorial in which the case is 
made for the timeliness of the Bible 
for people today. Write a "Letter to the 
Editor" of your leading newspaper to 
point out why it is important to ob- 
serve National Bible Week. 

19. Supply fully written press re- 
leases or information about all your 
Bible Week activities to all the media 
in your community: radio and TV sta- 
tions, cable services, newspapers, smd 
shopping service penny-savers. 

20. Conduct a Bible Reading 
Marathon in which the whole Bible is 
read, cover-to-cover, in a non-stop ses- 

roofs, removing asbestos from the 
sanctuary ceiling, repairing plaster, 
and doing extensive exterior repaint- 
ing and landscaping. In fact, rededi- 
cating the church building following 
the completion of these improvements 
was one of the dual purposes of the 
August 21 celebration, the other being 
the 25th anniversary of the original 

The rededication service was held 
during an afternoon service. Former 
pastor Rev. Alvin Grumbling brought 
the message for the service, and Rev. 
Bill Kerner, supervisor of Brethren 
Home Missions, led the dedication 
litany. A film made of the dedication 
25 years ago was shown during the 
service, and a photo album was avail- 
able for people to view. 

Rev. Stephen Cole, pastor of the 
Newark Church, urged the congrega- 
tion to take up Rev. Black's challenge. 
As a result, at the next Administra- 
tive Board meeting, the board decided 
to make the winning of ten new 
families its long-range goal. As a 
short-range goal, the board voted to 
prayerfully seek five new families 
by Christmas. Board members also 
planned an advertising campaign and 
adopted a method of visiting new 
families who move into the area. 

Linwood, Md. — Amanda Wiles was 
selected earlier this year as the out- 
standing Head Start student in Carroll 
County, Md. Amanda, who attends the 
kindergarten Sunday school class at 
the Linwood Brethren Church and 
sings in the children's choir, appeared 
before the county school board and 
received a special award. Amanda's 
mother, Vivian Yingling, and her 
grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph 
Blacksten, are members of the Linwood 
Church. This fall Amanda began at- 
tending kindergarten. 



Her Type Is Hard to Find 
But Handy to Have 

By Jennifer Merrill 

The following article about Lenora 
Shifler appeared in the Carroll County 
Times newspaper published in Westmin- 
ster, Md., and is reprinted here by per- 
mission of that paper. Jennifer Merrill, 
who wrote the article, is a staff writer for 
the Times, and the article appeared in a 
column called "'Doers Profile," which 
highlights people who use their time and 
talents to make a difference in the lives of 
people around them. 

As the article indicates, Mrs. Shifler is 
a member of the Linwood, Md., Brethren 
Church. The article was sent to the EVAN- 
GEUST by her pastor. Rev. Robert Kep- 

She's one of a kind. 

"She's an all-around good person. 
That's just hard to find nowadays," 
says Brenda Large of her Taneytown 
neighbor Lenora Shifler. 

Shifler, 76, is a widowed great- 
grandmother who lives alone in a com- 
pact, three-bedroom white house. 
She's lived through the lingering fatal 
illnesses of both her parents, the death 
of her husband who was sick through- 
out their marriage, and the death of 
her son at age 52. 

Despite her own medical handicaps, 
which she rattles off quickly — 
asthma, high blood pressure, diabetes 
and emphysema — she's still eager 
and able to help others. 

For Large, a neighbor in her 40s 
who "says she can't keep up to me," 
Shifler came through at a crucial mo- 
ment. When Large was hospitalized 
for a hysterectomy, the older woman 
took care of her chores, made her 
meals, and waited on her both in and 
out of the hospital. 

Neighbors far and wide know they 
can count on the compassionate 
woman to help. 

Shifler drives elderly widows on er- 
rands, gets them groceries, makes 
them meals, and does whatever else is 

"If there's anything I can do to help 
her, I'll do it," she says of one neighbor 
down the street whose husband suffers 
from Alzheimer's. 

Shifler is there when people are in 
need as she was for a neighbor with 
debilitating health problems. The self- 
proclaimed "stout" woman in brown- 
rimmed spectacles spent a lot of time 
taking care of her. 

Lenora Shifler 

Not only do the community's elderly 
know her well, but the children do, 

For two years, Shifler was superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school progreim 
at her church, Linwood Brethren 

She's been a member of the church 
since age 12 and active in it for years. 

"I don't know where to start with 
that," she explains. "I been through so 
much I forget." 

She still teaches Sunday school, 
leading a class the first Sunday of 
every month. 

Shifler also is involved with the 
ladies auxiliary of the Tane3rtown 
American Legion and is a member of 
the Taneytown firemen's auxiliary. 

For the fire company, she goes to 
the Tanejrtown Activities Building 
every week and helps with the prep- 
aration and clean-up of meals. 

"Mostly you'll find me washing dish- 
es, drying dishes, that kind of thing." 

Her fire company and American 
Legion activities, including meal prep- 
aration for both groups, keep her 
schedule full — if, she stipulates, it's 
not too hot out. 

"Usually you'll find me one place or 
another — if there's something going 

A lot of her kindheartedness comes 
from the death of her son, says Shifler, 
who found she had a lot of love left 
over from him to give to other people. 

Besides working for the community, 
the Carroll native babysits for her 
family and has always taken care of 
family members. 

"I helped Monuna all my life," 
Shifler says — from the first time her 
mother set her on a chair as a toddler, 
in front of the kitchen sink to wash 
dishes, through the time her mother 
became ill and she stayed home from 
work to care for her. 

From age 14 to 65, Shifler worked in 
factories in Union Bridge and 

"All in all I worked 50 years," she 
says. "Then I quit to take care of 
Momma," who for the 4V2 years be- 
fore her death "had a little bit of 
everything" and had to be taken 
care of "like a little child." 

"I took the best care of her I knew 
how to," she says. Her mother died at 
age 92 in her daughter's home. 

Before helping care for her mother, 
Shifler also "helped to wait on my 
daddy," she says. "He had diabetes 'til 
he died." 

Many people would want to live 
their lives over, she says, but "not 

"I've worked all my life," she says. 
"I worked ever since I been about 11 
years old." 

Volunteer activities is now the job of 
the curly-white-haired woman, includ- 
ing caring for neighbors and family. 

"I had her (an ailing neighbor), my 
mother and my great-grandchild all at 
one time," says Shifler. ■. 

Shifler, who has photographs of her * 
family all around her living room, and 
religious paintings on her walls, keeps 
her great-grandchildren at her home 
whenever needed. M 

"I think the world of them. I tell 
ya," she says in her loud voice. And 
when asked how big her four genera- 
tion ffmiily is, she jokingly says, "I've 
got so many grandchildren, I have to l 
stop to think how many." i 

When she counts it out, she realizes 
she has 12 grandchildren and seven 
great-grandchildren, besides her three 
surviving children. 

When there Eire no children to watch 
or widows to care for, Shifler's at work 
on her home, both housework and re- 
modeling. She spackled the ceiling of | 
her enclosed porch herself, when there ' 
was no one else left to do it. 

She's always doing something. 

"I stay busy pretty much all of the 


The Brethren Evangelist 


William Shipman Ordained an Elder 
August 14 at Milledgeville Church 

Mmedgeville, El. — William J. Ship- 
man was ordained an elder in The 
Brethren Church and his wife Melinda 
was consecrated the wife of an elder in 
a service held Sunday evening, Au- 
gust 14, at the Milledgeville Brethren 
Church, where Rev. Shipman is youth 
Rev. Reilly Smith, pastor of the 

Mulvane, Kans., First Brethren 
Church, delivered the message for the 
service. Other Brethren pastors par- 
ticipating in the service included Mill- 
edgeville senior pastor Brad Hardesty 
as well as Henry Wilson, Lynn 
Mercer, and Tom Schiefer. 

Mike Wiersema, moderator of the 
Milledgeville congregation, and Larry 

Rev. William J. Shipman (3rd from I.) with (I. to r.) Pastors Brad Hardesty, Lynn 
Mercer, Tom Schiefer, Reilly Smith, and Henry Wilson. Photo by Gary Turner. 

Surgery Restores Sight to 
Hillcrest Church Member 

Dayton, Ohio — "Once I was blind, 
but now I can see" — these words from 
a familiar hymn, true in a spiritual 
sense for all Christians, are also true 
in the physical sense for Mrs. Leona 
Myers, a member of the Hillcrest 
Brethren Church in Dayton. 

Mrs. Myers, who is 87, has had eye 
trouble most of her life and has been 
legally blind since 1962. But at the 
end of July she underwent eye surgery 
that restored sight to her right eye. 

The surgery was performed by Dr. 
John Bullock at Miami Valley Hospi- 
tal in Dayton. "Between God and Dr. 
Bullock, I got the greatest gift in my 
life," Mrs. Myers said.* 

"I can't get over how beautiful 
everything is," Mrs. Myers com- 
mented. "The colors are just so beauti- 
ful and vivid."* 

Mrs. Myers had gone most of her life 
without really seeing these colors. She 
began having vision trouble when she 
was 12, and the problems progressed 

until she lost vision in her left eye. 
She had unsuccessful right eye 
surgery in 1956, and then by 1962 she 
was legally blind in that eye. 

Mrs. Myers' restored vision was an 
answer to prayer for Mrs. Winifred 
Millat and other members of the Hill- 
crest Brethren Church. Mrs. Millat 
writes, "I have known [Leona] for 
years and faithfully we have prayed 
for this beautiful Christian lady. 
Days, months, years we prayed for a 
healing. . . . 'Now' at this very special 
moment in her life God has granted 
our desire. At 87, she can see this 
wonderful world." 

Now that she has her sight restored, 
Mrs. Myers plans on seeing every- 
thing she can around her. "At my age 
... if I can retain what I have in that 
eye . . . I'll enjoy life, the few yecirs 
that I have left," she said.* 

*Quotations marked with an asterisk 
as well as much of the information in this 
report were taken from an article by Ray 
Marcano that appeared on the front page of 
the August 5 edition of the Dayton Daily 
News. The article was sent to the editor by 
Mrs. Millat. 

Pettenger, chairman of the pastoral 
relations committee, also participated 
in the service. Special music was pre- 
sented by Pastors Brad Hardesty and 
Tom Schiefer. 

The new Brethren elder was bom 
December 30, 1951, in Springfield, 111. 
He was graduated from Lanphier 
High School in 1970 and attended 
Flagler College in St. Augustine, Fla., 
from which he received a B.A. degree 
in art/education in 1976. He later at- 
tended Ashland Theological Seminary, 
which granted him a Master of Divin- 
ity degree in 1985. 

Before going to the Milledgeville 
Brethren Church in May of 1986, 
Shipman served more than ten years 
at the Pleasant Valley Baptist Church 
as associate pastor of youth. 

In March 1978 he married Melinda, 
originally of Biloxi, Miss. Melinda is 
an LPN and serves as a private duty 
nurse and also as a Mary Kay beauty 
consultant. The Shipmans have two 
daughters, Jacqueline (9) and Anna 
Marie (5). 

The Milledgeville Church held a re- 
ception for the Shipmans following the 
ordination service, during which they 
presented the new elder a picture of 
Christ, "The Carpenter," for his office. 
— reported by Lorraine Haugh 


through Christian Education 

1988 NAE Congress 
on Christian Education 

November 14-16, 1988 

Pheasant Run Resort 

St. Charles, Illinois 

Featured speakers include: 

• James F. Engel 

• Mancil Ezell 

• Kenneth O. Gangel 

• Leslie Parrott 

• James E. Plueddemann 

• Up-to-date exhibits 

• Daily Bible study sessions 

• Warm Christian fellowship 

For registration information 
Board of Christian Education 
The Brethren Church 
524 College Ave. 
Ashland, OH 44805 
(419) 289-1708 

October 1988 



College Corner Church Welcomes 
Grumblings Back Home to Indiana 

Wabash, Ind. — "Back Home Again 
in Indiana" was the theme of an 
August 21 program welcoming Rev. 
Glenn Grumbling and his wife Nancy 
back to the pastorate of the College 
Corner Brethren Church. 

Rev. Grumbling pastored the Col- 
lege Corner congregation from 1959 to 
1965, and spent another five years in 
Indiana at the Muncie First Brethren 
Church. But he spent the next 17 
years out of the state, pastoring first 
the Waterloo, Iowa, First Brethren 
Church (1970-77) and then the Mt. 
Olivet Brethren Church in George- 
town, Del. (1977-88). 

The welcome program followed a 
carry-in dinner eaten at tables deco- 
rated with sprigs from the tulip tree 
(state tree), with cardinals (state bird) 
resting among the leaves. The pro- 
gram opened with the chorus "Do 
Lord" (with guitar accompaniment by 
Charlie Martin), and a reminder that 
though Indiana is a nice place to call 
home, Christians have a far better 
"home in gloryland." 

Four posters were then displayed. 
Each of these was on the theme 
"Nothing Old/Something New" and 
showed collages of people, places, and 
things new to the County Line Church 

and to Wabash County since Grum- 
blings left 23 years ago. These in- 
teresting and informative posters were 
created by Edna Hood, Debbie Sweet, 
Shirley Martin, and Patty Sweet. 

Next on the program was a recita- 
tion of the poem "Ain't God Good to 
Indiana" by Tamie White. Then 
Janice Azbell called the Grumblings 
forward to sit on bow-trimmed seats of 
honor so that 
she could give 
them gifts, one 
at a time, from 
the College Cor- 
ner "welcome 
wagon" (a little 
red wagon deco- 
rated with blue 
and white bal- 
loons). All these 
gifts were com- 
pliments of 
Wabash busi- 
nesses — many 
of which have 
employees af- 
filiated with the 
College Corner 

Then the 

were given gifts fi"om the church mem- 
bers themselves. All these were in the 
form of coupons, which the Grum- 
blings can redeem at will. These in- 
cluded coupons for homemade or 
homegrown foods, tickets to sports 
events, meals, handjrman jobs that 
will be performed, fish caught 
(guaranteed) fi-om Rick Sweet, golf 
lessons from Dale Sweet, and a prom- 
ise to build a snowman by Edna Hood. 
The program concluded with the 61 
people in attendance singing "Back 
Home Again in Indiana." 

— reported by Janice Azbell 

Rev. Glenn and Nancy Grumbling with the "welcome wagon" 
and signs welcoming them "Back Home Again in Indiana." 

Bryan, Ohio — Shown coming and going is a float that the 
youth groups of the Bryan First Brethren Church entered in 
their town's annual Jubilee parade as part of their church's 

100th anniversary celebration. Several of the young people rode 
the float, and three "church mice" walked in front of and beside 
it. The float won third prize in the parade. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Crew from Milford Church Spends 
Two Days Working at Riverside 

Milford, Ind. — Nine men, eight 
women, and seven children of the Mil- 
ford, Ind., First Brethren Church 
spent several days at Riverside Chris- 
tian Training School, Lost Creek, Ky., 
in early July worshiping and fellow- 
shiping with the staff and local people, 
and completing various maintenance 
projects at the school. 

The trip was the idea of the mem- 
bers of the Men's Fellowship of the 
Milford Church, who earlier in the 
year had decided that they wanted to 
do more than just meet for breakfast, 
eat, have devotions, talk, and go 
home. They wanted to work at projects 
that would help others. One of the 
men who had been to Riverside and 
done some work there suggested that 
they make a work trip to the school. 

The men first did a talent survey to 
determine what work skills they had 
to offer. Then they began correspond- 
ing with Doran Hostetler, adminis- 
trator of Riverside School, to find out 
what projects needed to be done and 
what dates would be most suitable. As 
a result of this correspondence, the 
July 4th weekend was selected. 

On Saturday, July 2, the men, their 
wives, and some of their children set 
out for Kentucky. The first group left 
at around 2:00 a.m. The rest waited 
for the more civilized hour of 7:30 a.m. 
Several hours and 422 miles later they 
were all in Kentucky setting up camp 
or settling into campus dorm rooms. 
Later that evening they all gathered 
around a campfire where they ate pop- 
corn and rested from the trip. 

On Sunday morning the group at- 
tended services at the Drushal Memo- 
rial Church at the school. Then later 
they met with Administrator Hostet- 
ler to look over the long list of proj- 
ects that needed to be done and to 
choose the ones they would tackle. 

At five the next morning (July 4th), 
the men met at the campsite, paired 
off in twos, and set off for their proj- 
ects, getting in a couple hours of labor 
before the women called them for 
breakfast around 7:30. 

Following are the projects tackled 
that first day. 

— Lewis Dobbins, Bob Groves, and the 
women painted a house, with the help 
of some of the children, who painted 
the mortar seams ahead of the adults. 
The house, with the exception of the 
trim, was painted by 3:30 p.m. 

— Don Wuthrich and Lavone Miller 

repaired the metal siding on a mainte- 
nance building that wind had torn off. 
They completed this task by early 
morning and went on to other tasks. 
— Richard Rhodes and some of the 
children replaced and repaired 30 feet 
of 10-inch culvert tile that had broken 
and washed away. Replacing the tile 

the middle of the second day the cas- 
ing and door were in place and a ce- 
ment threshhold had been poured. 

By the end of the first day, everyone 
was exhausted, having started early 
and worked late. But all experienced 
the good feeling that comes from doing 
the Lord's work and helping others. 

The second day the work began 
about 7:00 a.m. — after breakfast. 
Several of the men and boys hauled 
dirt to finish the tile project started 
the previous day. Lavone Miller, Bob 

The Milford work crew — experiencing the joy of serving the Lord and others. 

was the easy part. They then had to 
load (by hand), haul, and unload dirt 
and rock into the washed out area. By 
2:00 p.m. they had hauled approxi- 
mately six tons of dirt. 

— Lavone Miller and Neil Olson re- 
paired and extended a 10-inch drive 
culvert. This too had to be hand dug 
and fill dirt hauled in. When this was 
completed, they went to the staff dorm 
where they spent considerable time 
searching for, then repairing a leak in 
the plumbing. 

— Bruce and Howie Mathews built 
shelves in a classroom for coats, boots, 
shoes, etc. They took a bit of ribbing, 
because they had the only cool place to 
work — in the gym hall where fans 
were running. But they finished this 
project by noon, then began replacing 
a small roof over the entrance to the 
laundry. This project was outside, 
where it was now about 103 degrees 
(and no fans)! 

— Don Wuthrich and Larry Mast relo- 
cated a coal shoot in a cement block 
wall. They then installed a 36-inch 
door and casing in the wall, to serve as 
an entrance to the coal room. Part of 
the wall had already been removed to 
make an opening for the door, but the 
hole had to be enlarged. This was a 
one and one-half day project, but by 

Groves, Don Wuthrich, Neil Olson, 
Larry Mast, and the boys shoveled dirt 
until they could taste it! 

Then Don Wuthrich and Larry Mast 
undertook another project, installing a 
new gas line to the kitchen stove. 
Meanwhile Neil Olson and Lavone 
Miller (with the help and advice of a 
couple others) were designing and 
building a lectern. 

By the end of the day, all the proj- 
jects that had been undertaken were 
completed. So everyone cleaned up, 
then had a great time of fellowship 
with Doran and Nancy Hostetler and 
other members of the Riverside staff. 

Larry Mast, president of the Men's 
Fellowship of the Milford Church, says 
he thinks that everyone who made 
this trip and helped with the projects 
felt good about what was accomplished 
and is ready to go back another year. 
"We worked, we fellowshiped with 
each other, we played hard, and we 
had time to do a little sightseeing on 
Sunday afternoon," he said. "I feel this 
was rewarding to us as Christians, 
and [would be rewarding] to any other 
Christians that would like to plan a 
work trip like this one. They will find 
talents that they may never find in 
other activities. God blesses each one 
of us in different ways." 

October 1988 




The Corinth Brethren Church 

near Twelve Mile, Ind., welcomed 
Rev. Bill Brady, his wife Lynn, and 
their two sons Billy and Bryan to their 
congregation in August. Rev. Brady 
began pastoring the Corinth Church 
on August 14. 

Dominque Hutchison, a member 
of the Milledgeville, 111., Brethren 
Church, was commissioned for service 
in the Tucson, Ariz., First Brethren 
Church at a service held Sunday, Au- 
gust 21, at Milledgeville. Youth Pas- 

Waterloo, Iowa — Robbie Catchpool, a 
member of the First Brethren Church of 
Waterloo, Iowa, received the Eagle Scout 
Award at a ceremony held June 3 at his 
church. Robbie is the son of Don and 
Lois Catchpool (also First Brethren mem- 
bers) and a freshman at West High 
School. He has been a Scout since Sep- 
tember 1981 and has earned numerous 
badges and awards, including 26 merit 
badges, 10 skill awards, and two church 
medallions — the God and Family 
Award (Nov. 1983) and the God and 
Church Award (Feb. 1987). For his 
Eagle project, he planned and supervised 
the installation of a chain link fence that 
runs along the parking lot of the Water- 
loo First Brethren Church. 


tor Rev. Bill Shipman was in charge of 
the commissioning service. 

Ross Briner, a member of the First 
Brethren Church of North Manches- 
ter, Ind., was awarded a plaque June 
22 by the American Veal Association 
National Convention at Columbus, 
Ohio, in appreciation of the years he 
unselfishly devoted to the veal indus- 
try. Mr. Briner, a prominent leader in 
the veal industry, retired in April as 
vice-president and general manager of 

Strauss Veal Feeds, Inc., a company 
he helped to build. On April 13, more 
than 200 veal industry representa- 
tives, Strauss employees, family mem- 
bers, and friends attended a retire- 
ment dinner in his honor. 

Twenty-two men and eighteen boys 
of the Pennsylvania District enjoyed 
an outing at Duman's Lake Park on 
August 12. The men and boys had a 
tug of war, ran foot races, and played 
peanut scramble and other games. 

Hagerstown, Md. — Six 

people were baptized and 
eleven new members were 
received into the Hagers- 
town, Md., Brethren 
Church in August. The 
eleven were (frt. row, I. to 
r.) Catherine Mowen, 
Luella Robinson, Mauri 
Wolfe, Angel Harp, (mid. 
row) Terry Middlekauff, 
Kathy Seburn, (back row) 
David Middlekauff, Rev. 
Jeff and Shannon Brown, 
and Don Seburn (and not 
pictured, Leonita Smith). 

In Memory 

Lanthan (Blackie) Camblin, 73, Sep- 
tember 13. Member for more than 50 years 
of the Falls City First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Curt Nies. 
Clarence Kridler, 87, August 21. Member 
for 61 years, deacon, and trustee of the 
Pleasant View Brethren Church. Services 
by Pastor R. Keith Hensley. 
Benjamin Waltz, July 1. Member for 56 
years of the Muncie First Brethren Church 
which he served as moderator, treasurer, 
and trustee. Services by Pastor Buck Gar- 


Valerie Ann Nielsen to Troy Stout, Sep- 
tember 24, in Wabash, Ind.; Rev. Hosea 
Drake officiating. Groom a member of the 
College Corner Brethren Church. 
Joyce Litteral to Jeff Foust, September 
17, at The Brethren Church in New Leba- 
non; Pastor Robert Dillard officiating. 
Groom a member of The Brethren Church 
in New Lebanon. 

Donna J. Shanholtz to Joseph A. 
GezeUe, August 27, at St. James Brethren 
Church; Pastor Timothy P. Garner and 
Rev. Bruce Shanholtz, grandfather of the 
bride, officiating. Bride a member of the St. 
James Brethren Church. 
Diane Uglow to James Wells, August 20, 
at Ashland Park Street Brethren Church; 
Pastor Michael Gleason officiating. Bride a 
member of the Park Street Brethren 
Beth Ann Naff to Brian Maurer, August 

6, in Ashland, Ohio; Rev. James Naff, 
father of the bride, and Rev. Randy Hulk 
officiating. Bride a member of the St. Luke 
Brethren Church. 

Karen Ruble to Glenn Luther, June 25, 
at the Milledgeville Brethren Church; Pas- 
tor Brad Hardesty officiating. Groom a 
member of the Milledgeville Brethren 


Elwood and Lenita Randall, 50th, Oc- 
tober 29. Mr. Randall a member of the 
Da3^on Hillcrest Brethren Church. 
Harold and Goldie Meeker, 50th. Oc- 
tober 1. Members of the Waterloo First 
Brethren Church. 

Geade and Merna Miller, 60th. Sep- 
tember 27. Members of the Waterloo First 
Brethren Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. James Adams, 50th. Sep- 
tember 3. Regular attenders of the North 
Georgetown First Brethren Church. 
Lewis and Louise Huff, 55th. September 
2. Members of the Waterloo First Brethren 

Kenneth and Martha Emrick, 50th. Au- 
gust 2. Members of the College Comer 
Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Walcrest: 3 by baptism 

Mt. Olivet: 4 by baptism 

New Lebanon: 6 by baptism 

Mt. OUve: 3 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

Sarasota (Hispanic): 1 by bap., 5 by trans. 

The Brethren Evangeust 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 


Last month we said that God let certain writers understand His messages. 
We say they were inspired by the Holy Spirit. The Old Testament and the New 
Testament were written by these men. 

The Old Testament describes the creation and gives us God's law. It tells 
us the history of God's people and reveals His promises. 

The New Testament tells us of Jesus and the forgiveness we can have 
through Him. It explains how we should live as Christians, and it lets us know 
what will happen in the future. 

God has given us the Bible so we may learn of Him. We should listen care- 
fully when the Bible is read at home and at church. We should read from the 
Bible every day and think about what it means. 

The Bible is very important to a Christian. It tells of God's plans and prom- 
ises. The Bible is God's Word. It is to be read and obeyed. 

Draw a line to connect the beginning of each sentence with the correct ending. 

1. The Bible is 

2. The two parts of the Bible are 

3. The Bible has 

4. We read about Jesus 

5. The Bible was written 

6. We read about the creation 

a. by people inspired by the Holy Spirit. 

b. in the New Testament. 

c. God's Word. 

d. 66 books. 

e. in the Old Testament. 

f. the Old Testament and the New Testament. 

B. Find the letters that spell out First 
Peter 1 :25 (as found in the New 
International Version). The first 
word is The, so begin with the 
circled T. Without lifting your 
pencil, draw a line to connect all 
the letters of the verse. You 
may move up, down, sideways, 
or diagonally. 

Now write the verse on this line: 































































October 1988 


Tired of having the same bulletin covers every Sunday? 
Or are you paying more for full-color bulletins than you think you should? 

Then consider the 
Brethren Church Bulletin Service. 

What this service offers yqu: 

• A beautiful full-color bulletin cover for each Sunday of the year. 

• Low price — only $3.50 per hundred postpaid. 

• Minimum order of as few as 25 bulletins per Sunday at no extra charge. i 

• Increments of 25 bulletins per Sunday (some bulletin services only permit 50-bulletin 

• Convenient ordering. Order once and you will receive bulletins each quarter until you 
cancel the service (but changes in your order can be made at any time). 

• Extra bulletins can be ordered for Easter, Mother's Day, 
Thanksgiving, and Christmas Sundays, as well as bul- 
letins for Good Friday. 

• Available with a devotional message on the back (or 
with the back page blank). 

• Special messages about The Brethren Church and its 
ministries on the back page one Sunday a month. 

• Seasonal art available for use with copier, mimeograph, 
or spirit duplicator. 

• Imprinting available on front page only or on both front co 
and back page at modest cost. 

For ordering information and a full-color brochure 
Showina all biiltetin noveirs for 1989. contact: 

X _J ^ --i 

U i_i CO 

q: ijj X 

<I X E o 

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Phone 419-289-1708 

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by Alvin Shifflett 

Portraying Christ to the World 

LARRY SMITH wants to know 
whether The Last Temptation of 
Christ is tempting enough to make 
Kentuckians drive to Dayton, Ohio, 
to see it. Smith, manager of Neon 
Movies, will soon find out. His thea- 
ter in Dayton, about 120 miles fi-om 
Lexington, Ky., will be the closest 
place showing the Martin Scorsese 
film. The film was not booked in 
Lexington after a petition with 
20,000 signatures was sent to Loews 
Theaters asking the company not to 
show it. 

Notoriety brings success 

The controversy over the film has 
made it a financial success. Notori- 
ety has a way of doing that. Some 
people now want to see the film just 
to find out what the flap is all about. 
When the film reached South Bend, 
Ind., there were pickets outside the 
theater — which drew more media 
attention to it and more paying cus- 
tomers determined to see it. The 
theater manager smiled on the way 
to the bank. 

I have not seen the film and I 
don't intend to see it. I've read 
enough about it (and seen enough 
clips on television fi"om film critics) 
to know that it maligns the charac- 
ter of Christ. The manner in which 
Universal has chosen to portray 
Christ does not conform (doesn't 
even come close) to the Christ we 
meet in Scripture. 

My reason for bringing up the 
subject is to press upon Evangelist 
readers the paradox of our Christian 

behavior. It should be no shock to 
any of us that secular society, or 
Universal Studios, does not, and 
probably cannot, portray Christ as 
He ought to be portrayed — tempted 
as we are but without sin! 


What can we expect? 

We should not be so angry with 
Universal Studios. After all, what 
else can we expect of a company 
motivated merely by profit? We (the 
church) are the ones responsible for 
portraying Christ, not Universal 
Studios. How is our track record? 
I'm afraid not so good. 

In the past two years, what we've 
seen on "Christian" television has 
been a sad portrayal of Christ and of 
Christianity to the world. Comedi- 
ans have had a field day with these 
things. Congressional hearings have 
been held as a result of the misap- 
propriation of funds by some Chris- 
tian organizations. And exploitive 
tabloids have raked in millions fi"om 
the "pearly-gate" scandals of recent 

With all of this happening, I ask 
you, is it any wonder that Universal 
Studios would portray Christ as a 
lust-filled prostitute chaser? As hard 
as it is for us to admit, some promi- 
nent televangelists, by their actions, 
have portrayed (reflected) Christ in 
this way. 

How can we expect purity from 
profit-motivated studios? Few 
movies do justice to biblical themes 
or the character of oiu- Lord. The ex- 
ception might be "The Ten Com- 

mandments," in which Charleton 
Heston does a better job of playing 
Moses than Moses himself 

The saddest fact about all this is 
that some of these televangelists are 
still on television. That's where our 
anger should focus! Universal 
Studios makes us mad, but the con- 
tinual misrepresentation of the gos- 
pel by those who profess to be 
Christ's spokesmen should cause our 
blood to boil. 

I've done my duty by sending in 
protest cards, letters, etc., to Univer- 
sal Studios and by urging the flock 
under my care to do the same. I'm 
an activist when it comes to such 
things, and I believe Ck)d's people 
should be too, because when good 
people do nothing, evil triumphs for 
a spell longer. 

But Evangelist readers, let's face 
the bare facts. We've focused a lot 
of righteous anger on Universal 
Studios, but we continue to tune in 
to those who've wrapped the gospel 
in a dollar bill. And how have we 
portrayed Christ in our church busi- 
ness meetings? In our treatment of 
the pastor? In our treatment of one 
another? And while the salt is fly- 
ing, shouldn't we also mention the 
fact that many of us passively allow 
moral sewage to be pumped into our 
living rooms through a 25 inch sew- 
age pipe? 

What do they say of us? 

What can we expect from Univer- 
sal Studios when these things go on 
in the church and in the lives of 
Christians? Can the blind lead the 
blind? Judgment begins at the house 
of Grod, not at Universal Studios. Do 
they say of us, "My, how they love 
one another?" Do they see Christ in 
us? [t] 

The Brethren Evangeust 

November 1988 
Volume 110, Number 10 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


John Maust 
Alvin Shifflett 

Children's Page 

Alberta Holsinger 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) for The Brethren 
Church by the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, OH 44805-3792. 
Authors' views are not neces- 
sarily those of The Brethren 
Church or the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company. 
Subscription Rates: One 
year, $8.50 for 100% church 
lists; $10.00 for church lists of 
five or more names; $10.50 
for individual subscriptions. 
Single-copy price, $1.00. 
Change of Address: Please 
send notice at least three 
weeks in advance. Copy old ad- 
dress from back of magazine 
and send with new address. 

Manuscript Policy: While 
some unsolicited manuscripts 
are accepted, a query letter 
sent first describing a proposed 
manuscript is preferred. In- 
clude a self-addressed, stamped 
envelope with all manuscripts. 
Suggestions and forms for re- 
porting news items are avail- 
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Advertising: The Evangelist 
accepts a limited amount of ad- 
vertising per issue. Rates are 
available upon request. 

Postmaster: Please send Form 
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ing Company, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, OH 44805-3792. 
Second Class Postage: Paid 
at Ashland, Ohio. 
Member: Evangelical Press 


Growing Families Another Way: Adoption as an Option 4 

by Erica Weidenhamer 

Despite the child scarcity myth, thousands of "hard-to-place" 

children are available for adoption. 

Submitting to the Authority of Scripture (A practical 6 

application of the Lordship of Christ) by Robert Westfall 
If we say that Jesus is Lord, then we must know and practice 
His word. 

Denominational Update: Moderator's Progress Report on 11 

Reorganizing Boards into Ministries; Search Committee for Director 
of Brethren Church Ministries; A Request from the Committee on 

Ministry Pages Home Missions 

Home Missions ... A Continuous Change! by James R. Black 12 
Tiurning Challenges into Blessings and Opportunities at 12 

Smoky Row by Dale R. Staffer 
Reaching Out to Others at Icard First Brethren 14 

by Robert Payne 

An Air of Enthusiasm at the Newark Brethren Church 14 

by Stephen Cole 

Working Together Through the Growth Partners Club 15 

by Dale R. Staffer 


The Salt Shaker 2 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Cartoon 9 

Jesus Is Lord! 10 

by Moderator Kenneth Sullivan 

National Bible Week: 

In addition to containing Thanksgiving Day, the week of November 20 to 
27 is National Bible Week. As Christians who have as our motto, "The Bible, 
the whole Bible and nothing but the Bible," this should be an important week 
in our Brethren churches. 

An article in last month's Evangelist suggested "Twenty Things You 
Can Do to Observe National Bible Week." And in this issue an article by Rev. 
Robert Westfall (derived from his General Conference message) speaks of the 
importance of Scripture and provides practical suggestions for having an on- 
going personal relationship with the Bible. It would make excellent reading 
for Bible Week, or for anjrtime this month. 

Answers to Little Crusader Page: 

Across: 1. true; 2. church; 3. heavens; 4. things; 5. know; 6. 
prayer; 7. Holy; 8. Jesus. 
Down: 1. thank you. 


From the Grape Vine 

Children's Page 

by Alberta Holsinger 


November 1988 

I Growling i 

H o " "^' I 

^ doption as an Option 

By Erica 

WHEN COUPLES are asked to 
consider adoption as a way of 
"growing a family," the most com- 
mon response is, "Why? We can 
have children of our own. We don't 
need to adopt." 

The child scarcity myth 

The second most common response 
is, "No, we could never do that! 
Babies for adoption are so scarce. It 
wouldn't be fair to couples who can't 
have children of their own for us to 

But the truth is much different 
from the myth. Yes, it is true that 
perfect, white, newborns and infants 
are in short supply for adoption. But 
most of us are far less than perfect, 
and many of us are not white. 

Adoptable infants, toddlers, chil- 
dren, and teens who are viewed as 
less perfect are considered "hard-to- 
place." If you had been offered for 
adoption when you were bom, in 
which category would you have been 
placed, "easy-to-place" or "hard-to- 

Mrs. Weidenhamer, of Baton Rouge, 
La., is a member of the St. Petersburg, 
Fla., Brethren Church, and serves on the 
World Relief Board of The Brethren 
Church. She and her husband, Jeff, 
have one biological and two adopted 

Mrs. Weidenhamer wrote this article at 
the request of the General Conference So- 
cial Concerns Committee. She has also 
been asked to write a follow-up article 
based on her and her husband's personal 
experience, in which she describes the 
adoption process, the children's adjust- 
ments, and the medical experiences of one 

place"? M^ny of us 
would have been con- 
sidered "hard-to-place" 
for minor reasons. 

The painful reality of 
the supply-and-demand eco- 
nomics of adoptions is that few are 
looking to adopt from a growing sup- 
ply of available children. Prospec- 
tive parents often pass over "less- 
perfect" children as they would dam- 
aged products on store shelves. 

Because "hard-to-place" children 
are frequently passed over in favor 
of perfect, white infants, these 
"hard-to-place" children spend con- 
siderably more time in foster care. 
Many get moved from foster home to 
foster home, often averaging more 
than one move per year. With each 
move the children feel more rejected 
and unwanted. In time they grow 
cynical and lose hope of ever finding 
a family that will make them a per- 
manent part of their home. 

These children want so much to 
"belong" to someone and to be loved 
fiercely. I believe that Christians 
are called to be their families, to 
want them and love them. 

Who are the "hard-to-place"? 

What kinds of children are consi- 
dered "hard-to-place"? Some of these 
children are black, Hispanic, Asian, 

or biracial. In many cases, a child's 
race or color alone is sufficient cause 
for him or her to be considered hard 
to place. 

Some children are considered 
"hard-to-place" because they are 
sibling groups of two or more. Keep- 
ing siblings together is far healthier 
for them than separating them. 
Brothers and sisters often cling to 
one another for comfort and parent- 
ing. In some cases, their short lives 
have already been filled with so 
much separation and rejection that 
they literally need one another for 
survival. Unfortimately, however, 
many prospective adoptive parents 
are not interested in adopting two or 
more children at one time. 

Older children are also considered 
"hard-to-place." Most children in 
this classification are five years of 
age or older, with the greatest con- 
centration being over ten years old. 

The Brethren Evangeust 

"/ believe that God does call us to parent 'hard-to-place' children. 
Can we say we are against abortion and not be willing to adopt 
children who need families?" 

Such children often appear quite 
adult-Uke because of all they have 
had to cope with. They may seem 
very tough, even cynical, on the out- 
side. But inside they are afraid — 
afraid to extend trust and love only 
to be rejected again. These children, 
like all children, need the tender- 
ness and love that comes from a 

Another group of "hard-to-place" 
children are those with minor physi- 
cal or emotional problems — such as 
a child who needs tubes in his ears, 
or surgery to correct a hip problem, 
or short-term counseling, or who has 
another problem that is easily cor- 
rected. Professional services re- 
quired after adoption for physical 
and emotional problems that existed 
before adoption are generally paid 
for by a state agency or are taken 
care of in state-run clinics. 

Other children are classified as 
"hard-to-place" because they have 
more serious physical or emotional 
problems — conditions that require 
greater attention and care, perhaps 
throughout the person's life. Medical 
expenses for pre-existing expenses 

Some children are "hard-to-place" be- 
cause of a physical handicap. Profes- 
sional services for such children after 
adoption are generally paid for by the 

November 1988 

for these children, like those with 
minor physical or emotional condi- 
tions, are usually fully paid for by 
the state. Adoption agencies desire 
families for these children who will 
give them the special love and nur- 
ture they need. It has been our ex- 
perience that if a state agency's so- 
cial workers believe that a couple 
are the best parents for a child or 
children with a serious physical or 
emotional problem, they will do 
everything in their power to over- 
come any financial obstacle that 
would prevent the couple from 
adopting the child or children. 

Some children are considered 
"hard-to-place" because little is 
known about one or both of their 
birth parents. Hereditary tendencies 
and illnesses of such children are 
therefore unknown, and this 
frightens off many prospective par- 
ents. In effect, a child may fail to be 
adopted just because of lack of infor- 

A final group of "hard-to-place" 
children are those so classified be- 
cause one or both parents has a his- 
tory of criminal activity or of mental 
illness. Prospective parents are often 
hesitant to adopt such children out 
of fear that they may have criminal 
or mental illness tendencies. Be as- 
sured that when you are told about a 
particular child available for adop- 
tion that you will be given ALL 
available information about the 
child and his or her birth parents. 
You will sometimes even be given 
the birth parents' names and many 
details about their lives. On the 
other hand, once adoption has taken 
place, information and details about 
the adoptive family do not travel in 
the opposite direction — to the birth 

Our calling 

I believe that God does call us to 
parent "hard-to-place" children. Can 
we say we are against abortion and 
not be willing to adopt children who 
need families? Being pro-life must 
mean more than being against abor- 

tion or even just being advocates for 
the unborn. We must also be advo- 
cates for born children, lovers of 
born children, and providers of nur- 
turing families for born children. We 
must be advocates for all life — the 
old and the young, the sick and the 
well, male and female, and those of 
every color and race. 

"/ would challenge every 
Brethren family prayer- 
fully to consider whether 
the Lord is calling you to 
adopt 'one of the least of 
these' His children." 

As John so eloquently WTote, "By 
this we know love, that he laid down 
his life for us; and we ought to lay 
down our lives for the brethren. But 
if anyone has the world's goods and 
sees his brother in need, yet closes 
his heart against him, how does 
God's love abide in him? Little chil- 
dren, let us not love in word or 
speech but in deed and in truth" (I 
Jn. 3:16-18, RSV). 

I would challenge every Brethren 
family prayerfully to consider 
whether the Lord is calling you to 
adopt "one of the least of these" His 
children. Adoptive parents are an il- 
lustration, a picture of how God par- 
ents us. God never gives up on us, no 
matter how rebellious we become. 
Like children who have lived in 
many foster homes, we may become 
cynical and afraid to trust this 
heavenly Parent who loves us pas- 
sionately and forgives us so fre- 
quently. But El Shaddai nurses and 
nurtures us with gentle love to heal 
the old hurts and wounds of our life 
without Him. 

In love we are "born of God" and 
in Christ who loved us we become a 
new creation. And in loving their 
children, adoptive parents quickly 
forget the difference between those 
"born of their bodies" and those 
adopted children "bom of their 
hearts." We know only that we are 
theirs and they are ours. [t] 

Submitting to the 
Authority of the Bible 

(A practical application of the 
Lordship of Christ) 

By Robert Westfall 

IN JESUS' Great High Priestly 
prayer for His followers, recorded 
in John 17, we catch a glimpse of 
how Jesus viewed the Scriptures. In 
verse 17 He prays to the Father, 
"Sanctify them in the truth; Thy 
word is truth."* 

From this verse it is evident that 
Jesus viewed the Scriptures as au- 
thoritative, as the true word of God. 
He didn't view the Bible as a book of 
man, but as God's word, which is 
true and authoritative. 

Let us look at one verse which I 
think summarizes the view Jesus 
held of Scriptures, and which pre- 
sents the view the Scriptures hold of 
themselves. It is found in II Timothy 
3:16-17, where Paul writes, "All 
Scripture is inspired by God and 
profitable for teaching, for reproof, 
for correction, for training in right- 
eousness; that the man of God may 
be adequate, equipped for every good 

"All Scripture is inspired by God 

*Scripture quotations, except where 
otherwise noted, are from the New Ameri- 
can Standard Bible. 

Rev. Westfall is pastor of the First 
Brethren Church of Pleasant Hill, Ohio. 

This article is an edited transcription 
of a message Rev. Westfall delivered at 
General Conference. This was the second 
of six messages by Brethren elders on 
topics of special significance to Brethren. 
The first message, by Rev. Bill Kerner, 
appeared in last month's Evangelist, 
and the remaining four will appear in 
coming issues. 

. . . ." Notice the first word, "All." 
From Genesis 1:1 to Revelation 
22:21 — all of it is inspired. 

The word "Scripture" in the origi- 
nal t^t literally means "words." 
The very words of Scripture them- 
selves are inspired. Not just the con- 
cepts behind the words; not just the 
ideas or the thoughts behind those 
words; but the very words them- 
selves that were written by Moses, 
by Paul, and by the other writers of 
Scripture are inspired. 

Jesus confirmed this in Matthew 
5:18, where He says that not one jot 
or one tittle — or as the New Ameri- 
can Standard version puts it, "the 
smallest letter or stroke" — will 
pass away from God's Law until all 
is fulfilled. 

The "jot" or "smallest letter" that 
Jesus was referring to was the He- 
brew letter yodh. This letter is like 
our apostrophe. And the "tittle" or 
"stroke" to which He referred was 
just a tiny mark that would be put 
on a Hebrew letter that would 
change the whole meaning of a 
word. It would be like taking the 
word "Pope" and drawing one little 
stroke down from the "P" and mak- 
ing it an "R," which would change 
the word to "Rope." That's what a 
tittle was. 

Therefore Jesus was saying — and 
II Timothy 3:16 confirms it — that 
inspiration extends even to the 
smallest letter and the "strokes" of 
the words. All Scripture is inspired 
by God. 

That phrase "inspired by God" is 
one word in the original text, and it 
literally means "God-breathed." The 
very words of the Scriptures are the 
breath or words of God. Let me de- 
fine inspiration for you: Inspiration 
is the superintending by God (speci- 
fically through the Holy Spirit — II 
Peter 1:21) over the human authors, 
using their own individual per- 
sonalities, to compose and record 
without error in the original manu- 
scripts God's revelation to man. 

Note that God used the writers' 
own personalities. That's why Dr. 
Luke's style is different from the 
Apostle Paul's. They weren't human 
typewriters that God just punched 
keys and they wrote out what God 
wanted. He used their style. But 
whatever their style, what they 
wrote were the very words that God 
wanted to be written — so they were 
His words. And since God is true, 
that which was written was without 
error. Or as we say today, the Bible 
is inerrant. Expressed in one sen- 
tence. The Bible is God's inspired, 
inerrant, authoritative word to man. 

Now let's look at the relationship 
between the Lordship of Christ and 
the Bible. If we make Jesus Lord — 
authoritative — in our lives, and the 
Bible is His authoritative word, can 
we reject the authority of Scriptures 
and still be under the authority of 
Jesus? Absolutely not. 

Do you remember the recent com- 
mercial for Miracle Whip salad 
dressing? The man gets out of bed in 

The Brethren Evangeust 

"// we make Jesus Lord — authoritative — in our lives, and the Bible 
is His authoritative word, can we reject the authority of Scriptures 
and still be under the authority of Jesus? Absolutely not." 

the middle of the night, goes to the 
refrigerator and gets out all the 
fixin's for a sandwich. Then he goes 
back to the refrigerator, gets the 
Miracle Whip, opens the jar, and it 
is empty. So he puts everything back 
into the refrigerator, "Because a 
sandwich just isn't a sandwich with- 
out Miracle Whip." 

The same is true about the 
Lordship of Jesus Christ and the au- 
thority of Scripture. You cannot say, 
"Jesus is Lord," and reject the au- 
thority of Scripture. You're in con- 

"We know Christ through 
the Bible, and we under- 
stand the Bible through 
the knowledge of Christ 
The two cannot be sepa- 

Ray Stedman, in a sermon on 
Ephesians 6 entitled "Defense 
against Defeat," said, "The author- 
ity of Scripture is the authority of 
Jesus Christ. They are indivisible. 
To attempt to distinguish the two is 
like asking which blade of a pair of 
scissors is more important, or which 
leg of a pair of pants is more neces- 

We know Christ through the 
Bible, and we understand the Bible 
through the knowledge of Christ. 
The two cannot be separated. That is 
why the Apostle Paul in Colossians 
3:16 calls the Bible "the word of 

Secondly, the relationship be- 
tween the Lordship of Christ and the 
inspiration and the inerrancy of 
Scripture is this (this is the main 
idea of my whole message, so if you 
forget everything else, remember 
this): The only concrete way we can 
make Jesus our Lord is by submit- 
ting to the authority of the Bible. 

We can get all emotionally 
aroused about the Lordship of Christ 
— and I think that's good. But how 
do we work out Christ's Lordship in 
everyday existence? There is only 

one way, and that's by submitting to 
His word. 

In Ephesians 5:18 Paul says, "And 
do not get drunk with wine . . . but 
be filled with the Spirit . . . ." Then 
he lists certain things that will fol- 
low from being filled with God's 

In Colossians 3:16 Paul says, "Let 
the word of Christ richly dwell 
within you . . .," and he lists certain 
things that will follow from being 
indwelt by Christ's word. If you com- 
pare this list with the one in Ephe- 
sians 5:18 ff., you will find that they 
are much the same. 

The Ephesians 5 list is the result 
of what? Of being filled with the 
Holy Spirit. The list in Colossians 
3:16-17 is the result of what? Of let- 
ting the word of Christ dwell in your 
heart. Therefore, what does it mean 
to walk in the Spirit and to be con- 
trolled by the Holy Spirit? It means 
to meditate on God's word and to let 
this book permeate our lives. This is 
the only concrete way we have of 
making Jesus our Lord. 

Let me give you three applications 
of these truths. 

We must make the Bible our 
plumb line 

First, if we are going to make 
Jesus Lord of our lives by submit- 
ting to His inspired, inerrant, and 
authoritative word, then every deci- 
sion we make must be made with the 
Bible as our plumb line. That means 
that whatever the Bible says, goes. 

For example, in your job, you en- 
coiuiter pressure to please your boss. 
Does that mean that you lie or 
"brown-nose" or backbite to do so? 
What does our Plumb Line, the 
Bible, say. 

Or in marriage, society cries out 
to us, if you and your spouse don't 
feel you are compatible or that you 
could be more fulfilled living apart, 
then get a divorce. But what does 
our Plumb Line, the Bible, teach 
about divorce and remarriage? 

Do you see where I'm coming 
from? Every decision of our lives 

needs to be checked against the 
Bible as our plumb line. If we are 
going to make Jesus our Lord, then 
the Bible must be our plumb line. 

Quoting again from Ray Stedman: 
"Christians must continually reduce 
every argument we hear today to 
this simple thing, 'Am I to accept 
this person's word or the word of 
Christ?' " 

We cannot compromise bibli- 
cal truth 

Second, if we are going to make 
Jesus Lord of our lives by submit- 
ting to His inspired, inerrant, au- 
thoritative word, then we cannot 
compromise biblical truth. What I 
have in mind specifically are the es- 
sentials of our faith — those truths 
that deal with salvation, without 
which you cannot go to heaven. 
They include the inspiration and in- 
errancy of Scripture; the virgin birth 
and deity of Jesus Christ; His sub- 
stitutionary death — that He died 
for us on the cross; salvation by 
grace through faith alone in Jesus 
Christ; and Christ's second coming 
— his literal, physical, second com- 
ing. These to me are the essentials. 
Without these, one cannot get to 

We cannot compromise these es- 
sential truths. If we compromise 
them, what have we done with the 
Lordship of Christ? We have rejected 

That means as individuals, and 
particularly as a church, that we 
cannot work together with other 
groups that do not hold to these es- 
sentials. Paul said in Galatians 1 
that anyone who teaches a different 
gospel from his is accursed. The 
Bible calls such people false 
teachers. This doesn't mean that we 
can't love such people, that we can't 
witness to them or have a relation- 
ship with them. But we cannot work 
together with them for the kingdom, 
for they are preaching a false gospel. 

At Pleasant Hill two of our neigh- 
boring churches are not evangelical, 
that is, they don't hold to those 

November 1988 

essentials of the faith I just listed. 
They wanted us to join with them 
for vacation Bible school. When I 
said, "No," the pastor of one church 
got upset. But when I asked if the 
VBS would have an evangelistic 
thrust, the pastor said, "No. We just 
want to teach them some things 
about the Bible." 

I said, "No way. We're not teach- 
ing the same thing. We're not 
preaching the same gospel." 

My friends, this same principle 
applies to us as a denomination. We 
cannot link up with other denomina- 
tions that do not hold to the essen- 
tials of the faith. To do so in any offi- 
cial capacity would be to com- 
promise biblical truth and to reject 
the Lordship of Jesus Christ. 

We must have a growing rela- 
tionship with the Bible 

Third, if we are going to make 
Jesus Lord by submitting to His in- 
spired, inerrant, authoritative word, 
then we must have an ongoing, 
growing relationship with the Bible. 
How do you have a relationship with 
Jesus Christ? You have a relation- 
ship with Jesus Christ by having a 
relationship with the word of Christ. 

Let me give you four steps to hav- 
ing an ongoing personal relationship 
with the Bible. They all start with 
"P," and they are in chronological 

Perceive what it says 

First step, we are to perceive what 
the word of God says. To perceive 
simply means to understand. But in 
order to understand the word, we 
need to read it; we need to study it. 
And in order to read and study it, we 
have to set aside time daily. We 
need a time, a place, and a method. 

In his book What Did Jesus Say 
About That, Stanley Baldwin tells a 
story about a devout father whose 
son was studying for the ministry. 
The son chose to go to Europe for an 
advanced degree, and the father 
worried that he would be spoiled of 
his simple faith by sophisticated, un- 
believing professors. "Don't let them 
take Jonah away from you," the 
father admonished his son, figuring 
that this story might be the first 
part to go. 

Two years later when the son re- 
turned, the father asked, "Do you 
still have Jonah in your Bible?" 

The Holy Bible 

4. Proclaim what it says. 
3. Practice what it says. 
2. Percolate what it says. 
1. Perceive what it says. 

The son retorted, "Jonah, that 
story isn't even in your Bible." 

"It certainly is," said the father. 
"What do you mean?" 

"It's not in your Bible. Go ahead, 
show it to me," the son said. 

The old man fumbled through his 
Bible looking for the book of Jonah 
but couldn't find it. At last he 
checked the table of contents for the 
properv page, but when he turned 
there he discovered that three pages 
comprising the book of Jonah had 
been carefully cut from his Bible. 

The son said, "I did it before I 
went away. What's the difference 
whether I lose the book of Jonah 
through pseudo-sophistication, or 
you lose it through neglect?" 

Dr. Baldwin went on to say, 
"There is not a dime's worth of dif- 
ference between denying the Bible 
and ignoring it. The only difference 
is in what people say they believe. 
In reality neither those who deny 
nor those who ignore the Bible be- 
lieve it is God's word to them." 

If we say the Bible is God's au- 
thoritative word to us, then we need 
to read it, study it. Second Timothy 
2:15 — "Study to show thyself ap- 
proved unto God, a workman that 
needeth not to be ashamed, rightly 
dividing the word of truth" (KJV). 
The first step in having an ongoing 
personal relationship with the Bible 
is to perceive what it says. 

Percolate what it says 

Step two, we need to percolate, 
what the Bible says. The word perco- 
late means to ooze or trickle through 
a porous substance. Do you re- 
member the old percolator coffee 
pots? The water would go through 
the coffee grounds and become cof- 

fee. The water would percolate — 
ooze through — and become coffee. 

What we need to do is perceive 
what the Bible says, then let it ooze 
through the fabric of our being — let 
it percolate. This means you have to 
meditate on it, think about it day in 
and day out. But in order to medi- 
tate on it, you need to memorize it. 

Last spring I heard a message by 
Dr. Paul Dixon, president of Cedar- 
ville College, that reminded me that 
I memorized much more Scripture in 
junior high and high school than I 
ever have as an adult. 

When was the last time you 
memorized a verse of Scripture? I 
don't mean one that grew on you be- 
cause you heard it so many times, 
but a verse that you sat down and 
specifically worked at memorizing? 
Colossians 3:16 — "Let the word of 
Christ dwell in you richly . . ." (kjv). 
My friends, I'll be frank with you: 
the only way God's word is going to 
dwell within us richly is if we 
memorize it. 

During the last several months, 
since I heard that message by Dr. 
Dixon, a radical change has taken 
place in my life as I have begun to 
do memory work. I'm not as consis- 
tent as I want to be and I'm not 
doing as much memorizing as I want 
to do. But it's made a great differ- 
ence in my life. I pray that I never 
stop doing it. 

If you want to rejuvenate your 
Christian walk with God, memorize 
His word. He promises, "My word 
will never return unto me void." 

Practice what it says 

Step three, we need to put into 
practice what the Bible says. James 
1:22 — "But be ye doers of the word, 

The Brethren Evangeust 

and not hearers only ..." (KJV). We 
must put into practice what the 
Bible says even when we don't feel 
like it. Or even when the results of 
doing it might be negative. 

That's what faith is all about. 
Faith in a very practical sense is 
simply obeying God's word even 
when we don't feel like it and even 
when the circumstances tell us not 
to. Faith is saying, "I know that this 
is God's word; I know this is what 
I'm to do, even though my emotions 
are screaming at me not to do it." 

I can give an illustration of this 
very thing. One of the main reasons 
for divorce today is people who say, 
"I don't love (my spouse) anymore." 
So what? Love is a feeling. You can 
develop feelings. You made a com- 
mitment at the altar — "till death 
do us part." That's a commitment 
God will keep you to. He hates di- 
vorce. You can develop that love. 
Good's word says to stay together and 

work at it even though you don't feel 
like it. That's an example of being 
obedient to God's word even though 
you don't feel like it. 

Proclaim what it says 

And last, step four, we must pro- 
claim God's word. II Timothy 4:2 — 
"Preach the word; be ready in season 
and out of season; . . ." (KJV). The 
word preach simple means to pro- 
claim. We are to tell others about 
God's word, about the gospel, about 
the Good News. 

Please note the order: First we 
need to perceive what God's word 
says. Can you imagine trying to tell 
someone else something you don't 
understand? Then you need to perco- 
late it, let it saturate your life. Then 
you must practice it. What do we 
call someone who says something 
but doesn't do it? A hypocrite. And if 
you go around telling others about 
God's word, you better make sure 

that you've perceived it, percolated 
it, and practiced it. 

I don't mean that we have to be 
able to practice it fully before we can 
proclaim it to others. But we need to 
be striving in that direction. 

The popular Christian song "Fat 
Baby" describes hundreds and 
thousands and millions of Christians 
today. They were saved at the altar, 
and that's as far as they got. They 
didn't grow. Their devotions are 
stuck in the mud. They say doctrine 
leaves them cold. They are nothing 
but fat, fat babies. 

Are you a fat baby? My guess is 
that there are many among us. Not 
very many Christians take the Bible 
seriously. Not very many have a 
regular daily quiet time. 

Are you a fat baby? Or are you 
working at making Jesus Christ 
Lord of your life by submitting to 
His inspired, inerrant, authoritative 
word? [t] 

Translating God's Word into 
the Language of Earth's Peoples 

The honey and locusts referred to 
in the Gospels of Matthew and Mark 
present challenges to translators of 
the New Testament into Kiribati. 

Neither honey nor locusts are 
known on Tarawa Atoll, the main is- 
land of Kiribati, where a Bible Soci- 
ety team is at work and still search- 
ing for an adequate translation. 

Coconuts would pose no problem, 
but nowhere are coconuts mentioned 
in the Bible. Which is just as well, 
says Bible Society translation con- 
sultant. Dr. Joseph Hong. He notes 
that the people of the South Pacific 
nation, once the Gilbert Islands, 

have five different words to denote 
the coconut at its various stages of 
growth. The translators would have 
a hard job deciding which should be 
used when. 

Dr. Hong's comments appear as a 
lighter aside in a report to the 
American Bible Society, which is 
partially funding the translation. 

While Bible translation may seem 
simple enough — just learn the lan- 
guage, then translate it word-for- 
word — the process is rarely that 
easy. In fact, in certain cultures 
even an everyday word like "eat" 
has its pitfalls. 

For some peoples food is not just 
food. Readers insist upon knowing 
whether the food is hot or cold, 
whether it is eaten early or late in 
the day, and if those eating it are 
grown-up, in their teens, or infants. 

Or, for example, how does one 
translate the word for "snow" for 
people who live in a tropical climate 
and have never heard of the white 
stuff, let alone seen it? 

With literally thousands of words 
and phrases, translators have to find 
the proper equivalent that makes 
sense to readers. But such wording 
must be found if God's word is in- 
deed to speak to all people every- 
where with the same true message 
of love and salvation. 

— American Bible Society 

Pontius' Puddle 

I^^REGrOL^R devotioms. 

\H FACT, r siooy tAV 



Editor's note: Another "Fat Baby!" See Rev. Robert Westfall's article. 

November 1988 

By Moderator Kenneth L. Sullivan 

JESUS IS LORD" — this is oiu- 
confession of Christian belief. 
For Brethren, Jesus is more than 
Savior. When Jesus calls us to Him- 
self, He calls us to lay down every 
weapon of resistance against His 
reign in our lives. Commitment to 
Him demands unswerving surrender 
to His authority. 

An age in revolt 

Our age is in revolt against the 
very notions of authority that are 
crucial to Christian thinking and 
action. Absolutes, moral principles, 
and law play diminishing roles in 
our society. Ethics have become the 
product of statistics and trends, a 
feeling of the moment, changeable 
as the wind. Some Christians even 
believe that a person's position on 
moral issues should evolve as social 
conditions change. 

Authority is viewed as evil and re- 
strictive, hindering the free exercise 
of the human spirit. Held in con- 
tempt are politicians, law enforce- 
ment personnel, teachers, parents, 
and pastors — anyone who occupies 
a position of authority. They repre- 
sent something society feels in- 
wardly must be circumvented by the 
liberated and intelligent person. 

These attitudes have not been 
without consequences. Our self-seek- 
ing society indulges the extermina- 
tion of the unborn in the name of 
personal convenience, and offers up 
the elderly and handicapped as dis- 

posable garbage. It scorns any 
suggested change of lifestyle to 
avert the consequences of a lethal 
veneresal disease, demanding instead 
quick, easy solutions that would per- 
mit continued debauchery. 

Greed has become a national 
ethic. Sacrifice and self-denial are 
qualities seldom seen and often 
ridiculed. Work is stripped of pur- 
pose and dignity as the dollar sign 
becomes the bottom line. State lot- 
teries, sweepstakes, game prizes, 
gimmicks, and the belief that one 
should gain instant wealth with lit- 
tle effort or cost are valued more 
than productive labor. Acquisition, 
not charity, has become the stand- 
ard of personal worth and meaning. 

Convictions considered irrelevant 

Christian convictions have been 
reduced to one choice among many 
and are considered to have little 
relevance to real life. A person's be- 
liefs are considered as having mean- 
ing only in the context of one's pri- 
vate world as something useful for 
meditation, soothing the psyche, re- 
moving guilt, and providing some 
appearance of purpose. Few people 
would entertain the introduction of 
Christian doctrine into serious dis- 
cussion. Instead, religious convic- 
tions are reserved for the discussion 
of the quaint and novel. 

The church often becomes the il- 
legitimate child of our age, baptising 
its language and agenda in religious 

terms, thereby granting them Chris- 
tian respect. As a consequence, the 
church contributes to the erosion of 
the concepts of truth and authority 
and gives way to the subtle intru- 
sion of the serpent's lie. Habakkuk's 
words then become true of us: ". . . 
they are a law to themselves .... 
guilty men, whose own strength is 
their god" (Hab. 1:7, 11; NW). 

Anti-Christians have taken the 
high ground because many of us 
have forgotten that Christ is Lord of 
all. But as R. B. Kuiper reminds us, 
"The religion of the Christian man 
embraces the whole of life." Christ is 
Lord of eternity, but He is also Lord 
of time, heaven, and history. Noth- 
ing is outside God's dominion. 

This is the place of hostilities be- 
tween the world and us. A true 
Christian mind requires an attitude 
toward authority that modem sec- 
ularism cannot understand or toler- 
ate. Biblical revelation and the 
Christian church demand unre- 
served allegiance from Christians. 
Christians are, by definition, those 
who accept the Bible and the church 
for what they are, the visible vehi- 
cles of God's action in the world, call- 
ing forth our bending submission. 

Reassert God's authority 

Brethren, we must reassert the 
Christian principle of authority — 
first God's authority, then the au- 
thority of His revelation, the Bible. 
The Christian faith leaves us with 
little choice in matters of faith and 
doctrine; they are not open to de- 
bate. There is no such thing as a 
body of opinion in these matters; 
only obedience or disobedience. 

Christ commands us to "demolish 
argiunents and every pretension 
that sets itself up against the knowl- 
edge of God, and . . . [to] take captive 
every thought to make it obedient to 
Christ" (II Cor. 10:4-5, NTV). He com- 
mands that we call all to bend the 
knee at the name of Jesus and "to 
confess that Jesus Christ is Lord" 
(Phil. 2:10, 11; NW). 

Unless you and I, as Brethren, are 
willing once again to take seriously 
Christ's authority in all of life, we 
will never correctly join the battle 
against the falsehood of our times. 
We must engage the enemy at the 
point of conflict if we expect to wit- 
ness for Christ. Anything less is a 
failure of obedience. [t] 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Denominational Update 

Moderator's Progress Report on 
Reorganizing Boards into Ministries 

As General Conference Moderator, 
I want to keep you abreast of prog- 
ress being made in implementing 
the reorganization approved by Gen- 
eral Conference in August. As you 
know, we voted to restructure our 
cooperating boards (with the excep- 
tion of the Missionary Board), mak- 
ing them ministries under the juris- 
diction of the General Conference 
Executive Council (GCEC). 

GCEC met October 7 to begin the 
work of accomplishing this reorgani- 
zation. The first item of business 
was to establish our purpose and to 
consider the division of ministries 
and the structure and number of 
commissions. With Moderator-Elect 
Mary Ellen Drushal as our resource 
person, we began the creation of a 
distinctive statement of mission for 
our denomination. This statement 
will eventually become the guiding 
influence for establishing denomina- 
tional priorities and long-term goals. 

A search committee for the Direc- 

tor of Brethren Church Ministries is 
being selected and soon will begin 
its work. Nominees for commission 
members will be presented to and 
voted on at the 1989 General Con- 
ference. It is our goal to have the 
new unified budget in place for the 
1990 fiscal year. Please remember 
that churches are to continue giving 
to the individual boards imtil that 

We must never forget that mission 
and ministry are ongoing processes. 
Biblical absolutes never change, but 

outreach and growth demand con- 
tinued refinement and adjustment to 
the needs of the times. We have a 
great work ahead of us, and we un- 
dertake it with much anticipation 
of God's future for The Brethren 

Pray for us. Pray that God will 
grant wisdom, vision, unity, and 
obedience. Pray that in all that 
GCEC does, that God receives the 

In our Lord's service, 
Kenneth Sullivan, Moderator 

Search Committee for 
Dir. of B. C. Ministries 

As noted in the Moderator's report 
above, a search committee for the 
Director of Brethren Church Minis- 
tries is in the process of being 
formed and will begin serving very 

If you are interested in having a 
job description for the position of 

A Request from the 
Committee on Committees 

The General Conference Commit- 
tee on Committees is in the process 
of formulating a slate of nominees 
for General Conference Committees 
to be voted on at the 1989 General 

If you are interested in serving on 
any of these committees but never 
have had the opportunity to do so or 
never have been asked to serve, now 
is your chance to express your will- 
ingness to minister in this way. 

The Conunittee on Committees is 
looking for people interested in serv- 
ing on the following committees: 

Nominating Committee: Two el- 
ders, two laymen, and two laywo- 
men to be elected for one-year 

Committee on Committees: Two 
elders, two laymen, and two laywo- 
men to be elected for one-year 

Church Polity Committee: One 

person to be elected for a five-year 

Rules and Organization Com- 
mittee: One person to be elected for 
a three-year term. 

Goals Committee: Two persons 
to be elected for three-year terms. 

Worship Committee: Three to be 
elected for three-year terms. 

Publicity Committee: Three to 
be elected for one-year terms. 

Ways and Means Committee: 
Any number to be elected for one- 
year terms. 

Conference Membership: Seven 
to be elected for one-year terms. 

HospitaUty: Any number to be 
elected for one-year terms. 

Tellers: Any number to be elected 
for one-year terms. 

For a complete listing of duties 
and responsibilities of these commit- 
tees, please refer to pages 13-16 of 
the General Conference Manual of 

Director of Brethren Church Minis- 
tries, send a request to The Brethren 
Church National Office, 524 College 
Avenue, Ashland, OH. This job de- 
scription will also appear in an up- 
coming edition of Leadership Letter. 

If you would like to suggest a per- 
son for this position, you are encour- 
aged to send this suggestion to the 
Brethren Church National Office as 

More information about the work 
of the search committee will be in- 
cluded in next month's issue of the 

Procedure. These should be avail- 
able from the pastor of every congre- 

If you wish to have your name in- 
cluded in the slate of nominees pre- 
sented to General Conference, please 
write to: 

Tom Schiefer, Chairman 
Committee on Committees 
220 E. Locust 
Lanark, IL 61046 

The committee requests that you 
do this as soon as possible so that it 
can make as complete a report as 
possible to the General ConJFerence 
Executive Committee meeting in 

(Note: Nominations fi-om the floor 
are also accepted for General Con- 
ference Committees. This request is 
only for those who wish to have 
their names included on the printed 
slate of nominees.) 

November 1988 


Home Missions . . . 

A Continuous Cliange! 

By James R. Black 
Executive Director of the Missionary Board of The Brethren Church 

and a traditional time to emphasize Brethren 
Home Missions. So let's talk about the program, its 
joys and sorrows. 

It is true that on occasion Home Mission con- 
gregations close (recently Mesa, Ariz.). That is the 
price we pay as we attempt to plant congregations 
and help them mature. The Manual of Procedure 
for The Brethren Church sets forth the policy we 
follow. A new congregation is first a "class," is 
later upgraded to a "Home Mission Congregation," 
and finally, when it becomes self-sufficient, is rec- 
ognized as an established congregation. The con- 
gregations are constantly evaluated during the 
class and Home Mission stages, and, at times, hard 
decisions must be made. * 

Although not all new churches succeed (a 
heartache in all denominations, we nonetheless 
continue to plant congregations and try to improve 
our record. It is of the utmost importance that we 
continue in our efforts to start new churches and 
that we work and pray for their early maturity. 

Without a strong and aggressive Home Mission 
program, all other efforts of the church are less 
than effective. I am convinced, as are others within 
The Brethren Church, that our future will largely 
depend upon successful church planting. 

In reality, the several districts are the real 
strength of Home Missions, especially in the area 
of church planting. The National Board works in 
cooperation with the districts, giving direction, en- 
couragement, and financial assistance and supervi- 
sion. We must remember to pray for district mis- 
sion board personnel, even as we pray for Home 
Mission pastors and workers. And be in prayer also 
for a newly-formed Home Missions Task Force, 
which convened for the first meeting in Ashland on 
October 21. 

Finally, thank you for your excellent encour- 
agement and support. Together we can see Breth- 
ren Home Missions move ahead in ministry to ac- 
complish the purposes for which it exists. We con- 
tinue to invite your comments and suggestions as 
we try to do a better work. [t] 

Turning Challenges into Blessings and 
Opportunities at Smoky Row 

No DOUBT, the greatest chal- 
lenge facing me and the 
Smoky Row Brethren congregation 
during the last twelve months was 
my General Conference Moderator 
responsibilities. Carving out time 
in my schedule and asking the 
church to fill holes in a number of 
areas were difficult. Yet, I praise 
the Lord that the church not only 
rallied around me in prayer, but 
also filled in for me in a variety of 
roles — preaching, teaching, and 
leadership. It certainly helps to 
have three people in the church 
who are very capable preachers: 

By Pastor Dale R. Stoffer 

Bill Jolliff, Sam Meier, and Andy 

Nevertheless, I worried that my 
necessary shift of focus to denomi- 
national concerns during the past 
year might hamper the work of the 
Smoky Row Church. But again I 
thank the Lord that this was not 
the case. In fact, in spite of my ab- 
sences (hopefully not because of 
them!), the church has had another 
excellent year of progress. 

Thus far this year, we are av- 
eraging 50 in Sunday school and 78 
in worship attendance. (The high- 
est monthly average was in 

June, when we averaged 91.) We 
continue to have a large number of 
families move away — we have lost 
five families already this year. But 
this difficulty is just the flip side of 
the phenomenon that makes our 
steady growth possible — a highly 
mobile population. 

Personally, I marvel at our prog- 
ress. Much of this growth has come 
because the Lord has led people to 
our fellowship who have had no 
prior contact with our church. But 
it is also partially due to the com- 
mitment of the people at our 
church to use their gifts unselfishly 


The Brethren Evangeust 

'For churches, as for individuals, an important guage 
of maturity is the turning of attention from one's self 
to others. The Smoky Row Church has shown great 
strides in the last few years in this area. " 

for the Lord's work. 

The Lord has blessed us with an 
outstanding group of teachers in 
the children, youth, and adult pro- 
grams. We also have very commit- 
ted deacons who do the majority of 
visiting of our existing families, 
thus enabling me to focus on visit- 
ation of new people. (We have re- 
vived in modified fashion the an- 
nual "deacon visit" of the 19th cen- 
tury Brethren.) 

Finally, the people on our Board 
of Directors are very conscientious 
about the various ministries they 
chair. By using the ministry model 
and by having all the ministries of 
the church represented on the 
board, the church has developed a 
united group for decision-making 
and policy-setting. It has been a joy 
for me to work with this leadership 
group. Though we face a variety of 
challenges, just as other churches 
do, we have generally dealt with 
these in a responsible, Christ-like 

I find it intriguing that most 
churches go through a maturation 
process much like that of a human 
individual. During infancy, both 
individuals and churches need a 

great deal of tender loving care and 
individual attention. But as they 
grow through childhood, adoles- 
cence, and into adulthood, they in- 
creasingly (hopefully) gain greater 

For churches, as for individuals, 
an important guage of maturity is 
the turning of attention from one's 
self to others. The Smoky Row 
Church has shown great strides in 
the last few years in this area. Our 
giving to denominational benevo- 
lences has grown substantially. 
The congregation's interest in both 
outreach and social concerns has 

The annual vacation Bible school at Smoky Row has been a successful means 
of introducing new children and their parents to the church. 

also increased significantly. We 
presently are exploring ways in 
which we can become more inti- 
mately involved with an evangeli- 
cal social ministry in Athens, Ohio. 

We have also just recently begun 
a ministry to phone all the new 
people moving into our community 
in order to invite them to visit ovu^ 
church, if they have not yet found a 
church home of their own. We con- 
tinue to seek ways in which we can 
be responsive to the needs of our 
own people and to those outside of 
our fellowship. 

The greatest challenge now fac- 
ing us is the need to provide addi- 
tional Christian education space. 
We are rapidly reaching the space 
limits of our present building and 
anticipate reaching the maximum 
attendance level by 1990. Because 
of our present indebtedness on our 
land and building, we face the 
problem, though, of having to wait 
beyond 1990 to build our next unit. 
Be in prayer with us that we would 
be able to build soon enough so 
that we will not lose people be- 
cause of not enough space. Our 
trust in the Lord continues to grow 
as we see His hand faithfully guid- 
ing us in so many areas. We trust 
that He will also guide us through 
this present dilemma as we remain 
faithful to His calling. [t] 

November 1988 


Reaching Out to Others 

at Icard First Brethren 

IT IS ALWAYS A JOY to be able 
to share with other Brethren, so 
I would like to update you concern- 
ing the Home Mission work in 
Icard, North Carolina. 

As I told you in our letter pub- 
lished in Insight into Brethren Mis- 
sions (May 1988), our church de- 
cided to support a mission pastor in 
India. With God's help, we have 
met and even exceeded the 
monthly amount needed to ac- 
complish this goal. It is a real joy 
to be able to participate in the 
Lord's work in this way. 

Because of our location, God has 
given us a unique opportunity for 
ministry. Our area has an abun- 
dance of hosiery mills, so we have 
procured donations of hundreds of 
pairs of socks, some of which we 
will send to India in the near fu- 
ture. In addition to the socks, the 
W.M.S. group has rolled bandages 
and is sending other health 
supplies to India. Closer to home. 

By Pastor Robert Payne 

the ladies have sent socks to help 
needy children in the mountain 
areas of North Carolina. 

Our W.M.S. group is called the 
JOY Outreach Circle, and one 
recent opportunity for outreach 
came in the form of a grandmother. 
The W.M.S. ladies decided to 
"adopt" an elderly woman in a 
nearby nursing home as their spe- 
cial grandmother. Her name is 
Rosie, and she is a widow with no 
family nearby to help meet her 
needs. She was recently honored on 
Grandparents' Day during the 
morning worship service at our 
church. The W.M.S. group plans 
regular visits, special remem- 
brances, transportation, and so 
forth as the needs arise. 

The lajmien's group is becoming 
more and more active. They organ- 
ized a fund-raising event for our 
local OctoberFest. This festival 
provides a good opportunity for the 
men to work together not only in 

fund-raising, but also in sharing 
with others about the Brethren. 

An outreach for children that 
also took place in October was an 
all-day event called Kid's Fest. A 
full day of activities was planned 
with emphasis on children in kin- 
dergarten through sixth grade. 
Please pray that many will respond 
to the gospel message that was pre- 

An area of concern as we look to 
the future is finding an appropriate 
place to purchase property for a 
place of worship. We have been 
looking at several locations. Please 
pray with us for the Lord's guid- 
ance as we seek His will in this 

Our greatest concern is that we 
"walk in a manner worthy of the 
calling with which we have been 
called" (Eph. 4:1) ... to build up 
the fellowship of believers and to 
reach out in love, sharing the good 
news of Christ. [t] 

An Air of Enthusiasm 
at the Newark Brethren Church 

IF the Newark Church building 
could talk, it would have told a 
long tale of woes. It would have 
told of a broken water heater, as- 
bestos in the sanctuary ceiling, 
falling plaster, inefficient and worn 
out furnaces, and hedges so tall 
that they formed a wall in front of 
the building. 

Now all that is past. After long 
hours of planning, much labor, and 
faithful giving by church people, 
the building's renovation is com- 
plete. In fact, on August 21, 
twenty-five years after the original 
dedication of the building, it was 
rededicated for the Lord's work. 

By Pastor Stephen Cole 

"Isn't it great to be able to wor- 
ship here without wondering 
what's going to fall on you!" is a 
statement now frequently heard. 
We at the Newark Church give the 
glory to God. 

We also give thanks to The 
Brethren Church and to the Mis- 
sionary Board of The Brethren 
Church. For as we were planning 
to do this major renovation, the 
Missionary Board saw our need 
and allowed us to become the re- 
cipient of a Growth Partners Club 
call in the last half of 1987. We 
also thank the Ohio District Mis- 
sion Board for its support. 

We were challenged by our 25th 
anniversary/rededication speakers 
to spend as much time and energy 
on growing as we spent on renovat- 
ing. And we are doing exactly that! 

The Administrative Board met 
on Wednesday following the 25th 
anniversary Sunday to set a goal of 
bringing five new families into the 
fellowship of the church by Christ- 
mas. Then the board approved two 
means to accomplish that goal: (1) 
an ad each week in the local adver- 
tising circular (which has already 
led to contact with one family), and 
(2) an organized effort to meet each 
family that moves in Newark. We 


The Brethren Evangeust 

are setting up visiting pairs, bak- 
ers for cookies, and prayer partners 
to saturate this ministry. 

We have also decided to replace 
our Wednesday evening prayer 
meeting with two growth groups to 
meet weekly. (This is so new it was 
just decided last night.) 

There is definitely an air of en- 
thusiasm in the congregation. Our 
people are inviting others and are 
praying for them to come. One lady 
who has to remain home with her 
husband due to his illness asked if 
she could send cards and make 
telephone calls to those who have 
missed services. What do you think 
we answered? 

We are starting three youth 
groups again this fall at a time 
when we are low on school-age 
children. We are trusting the Lord 
to fill these important ministries. 

The Newark Brethren Church building 

We did suffer the loss of a piano 
player. We were sad to have Con- 
nie Jenkins leave. Yet, we are 
happy, for she has entered medical 
school and will make a fine Chris- 
tian doctor. 

Working Together Through the 
Growth Partners Club 

By Dale R. Stoffer, Church Planting Consultant 

HOME MISSIONS is a vital 
part of the entire program of 
The Brethren Church. Not only is 
it the key to growth of the denomi- 
nation in America, it is the key to 
the growth of our foreign missions 
as well. Maybe you hadn't thought 
of it before, but only as we expand 
our base at home will we be able to 
expand our work abroad. 

Home Missions is not just the 
work of church-planting pastors 
and their congregations; it is the 
work of the entire church. All of us 
are needed if new congregations 
are to be planted. We need to imite 
in prayer for our existing works 
and for the Lord to supply church 
planters and tentmakers for our 
new works. We need to offer our 
time to our new churches, visiting 
them when we are in the area, of- 
fering our skills when they are in a 
building phase, helping with can- 
vassing the target area for a pro- 
posed work. We also need to help 
our new congregations financially. 

One of the most exciting pro- 
grams the denomination has for 
providing financial aid to new 
churches is the Growth Partners 

Club. This club was established in 
1951 to help new congregations 
purchase property and build 
facilities. Existing congregations 
have also been aided in relocation 
efforts. Twice a year a "call" is is- 
sued by the Missionary Board to all 
members of the club requesting 
support for a selected work through 
gifts ranging from $20 to $50 (or 
more, if desired). 

Your pastor has received appli- 
cation forms for this club, which 
will be made available during 
November. The Missionary Board 
would like to challenge the de- 
nomination to double the average 
amount of each call from around 
$13,000 to $26,000. 

The Growth Partners Club asks 
so little of each participant, but it 
can mean so much to a new congre- 
gation facing the huge costs of land 
and building. Let us band together 
as Brethren in the same spirit we 
evidenced at the 1988 General 
Conference and support our Home 
Missions works as never before. 
May the Lord bless our commit- 
ment as we dedicate oxirselves to 
the extension of His church. [t] 

— sporting a new look inside and out. 

The appearance of our church 
building in our neighborhood has 
been a deep concern to us. Our 
neighbors keep their lawns nice, 
and their homes are extremely 
well-kept. We removed most of the 
shrubs along the road and put in 
railroad ties to mark off an expand- 
ed parking area in fi-ont of our 
building. The neighbors are watch- 
ing, for they tell me how much 
they have noticed all the improve- 
ments. How we care for our prop- 
erty is a part of our silent witness 
to the community. 

We rejoice in all that God is 
doing here at Newark. Earlier this 
summer, when the temperature 
was over 100 degrees and attend- 
ance was low, we encouraged each 
other with this verse: "And let us not 
be weary in well doing: for in due 
season we shall reap, if we faint 
not" (Gal. 6:9). Little did we know 
how soon we would turn the comer 
and begin to expand our efforts. 

One effort that almost got lost in 
the middle of the renovation work 
was a change in our constitution, 
which replaced the official board 
with an Administrative Board, 
which has expanded powers to act 
for the congregation. This board is 
also responsible to set goals and 
present plans for the future. This 
allowed them to expand their 
thinking and do some dreaming. It 
is a change that has had a big im- 

We at Newark would again like 
to thank The Brethren Church for 
its giving to us through the Growth 
Partners Club call. You have had a 
big hand in our success. [t] 

November 1988 




The structure of the Waterbnjok Brethren Church budding has been designed to 
suggest family dwellings joined together to form a village, symbolic of Christian people 
joined together to form the family of God. Photo by Freddie Heisiey. 

Waterbrook Congregation Dedicates 
New Church Building on Sept. 25th 

Edinburg, Va. — Members of the 
Waterbrook Brethren Church dedi- 
cated themselves and their new 
church building to the Lord during a 
dedication service held Sunday after- 
noon, September 25, in the new facil- 

On a chilly, overcast afternoon, 160 
members and guests appreciated the 
physical and spiritual warmth of the 
service and the vibrant colors and 
sweet aroma of the fresh flowers that 
graced the sanctuary. Two hundred 
burgundy balloons with silver ribbons 
that nestled against the foyer ceiling 
also brightened the occasion. 

Following a brief welcome, Ralph 
Hutzell of the District Mission Board 
and Rev. Pat Velanzon of the Board of 
Spiritual Oversight brought greetings 
to the congregation. Both recalled 
memories of Waterbrook's beginning 
and bore testimony to the "strong de- 
termination of the people and the 
mighty works of the Lord" they had 
observed during the past seven years. 
Rev. Doc Shank representing the 
Edinburg Ministerial Association also 
brought greetings and spoke of "rejoic- 
ing together in this little town at what 
has taken place on this hillside." 

Wayne Lambert then gave the call 
to worship and Jon Redmon offered 
the prayer of invocation. An organ and 
piano prelude followed, played by 
Dean Minnick and Mrs. Donna Ben- 


nett, and Michael Woods sang "Praise 
You, I Will Praise You." 

Following a time of inspiring con- 
gregational singing. Rev. Kent Ben- 
nett, who has pastored the Water- 
brook Church since shortly after its 
formation, delivered the dedication 
message. In his message he answered 
the question, "Why another church 
when we already have too many in 
Shenandoah County?" 

"Why?" Because "the kingdom of 
God is like a hidden treasure that 
moves a person in the know to sell 
everything he has to obtain it. . . . 
[This] treasure of the most important 
event, the most significant Person to 
walk and work on this earth is still 
hidden to too many. There is another 
new church because we must try again 
to make the walk and work of Jesus 
Christ central in all of human life." 

Following this message, an offering 
was taken in which $2,000 was re- 
ceived. Then Pastor Bennett led the 
congregation in an "Act of Dedication" 
in the form of a responsive reading, 
and Dr. Arden E. Gilmer, pastor of 
the Ashland, Ohio, First Brethren 
Church, offered the dedicatory prayer. 

The congregation then quietly filed 
out of the building, each person taking 
a balloon as he or she passed through 
the foyer. When all were outside, 
David Ferguson, Dean Minnick, smd 
William MacDonald, chairmen of the 

congregation's three building commit- 
tees, presented the church keys to Pas- 
tor Bennett, Property Committee 
chairman David Brown, and church 
moderator Larry Turner. The mem- 
bers of the congregation then released 
the balloons, each of which contained 
a piece of paper that told how to re- 
ceive everlasting life. As the balloons 
soared upward, the benediction was of- 
fered to conclude the dedication serv- 
ice for the church building. 

The design of this new building — 
which is located on an 18-acre site 
that features a natural amphitheater, 
beautiful woods, and graceful fields — 
resembles a series of family dwellings 
joined to form a village. This sym- 
bolizes the warm invitation the con- 
gregation offers to the people of the 
surrounding community to join their 
dwellings with the church and to unite 
with the members as the family of 

Skylights above the Communion 
table and the pulpit let in light, sym- 
bolic of God's revelation through the 
Incarnate Word, Who is the light of 
the world, and through His written 
word, which gives spiritual light to 
our lives. Other structural and physi- 
cal symbols throughout the building 
are dedicated to making the living 
God known to dying people. 

The present structure is the first of 
a two-phase building program. Phase 
two will be construction of a larger, 
permanent sanctuary, with the pres- 
ent sanctuary being converted into a 
fellowship hall. The second structure, 
which will more than double the size 
of the building, will continue the "vil- 
lage" design of the present structure. 

The Waterbrook congregation was 
organized in June 1982. It met for 
many weeks in homes, until Dr. Wil- 
liam MacDonald offered his property, 
an old oil building on the north side of 
Woodstock, as a temporary meeting 
place. The building was quickly 
turned into a small sanctuary with 
four Sunday school rooms and a nur- 
sery. Though the accommodations 
were less than ideal, attendance grew 
from 35 to over 100. 

In time the congregation felt led to 
purchase land and begin construction 
of their first worship facility. The first 
service in this new building was held 
November 30, 1986. 

— reported by Gayle Vaughn 

God sends no one away empty except 
those who are full of themselves. 

— Dwight L. Moody 

The Brethren Evangeust 


Ardmore Church Hosts Missions Fair 
For Brethren Churches of N. Indiana 

South Bend, Ind. — Brethren from 
eight Northern Indiana Brethren 
churches gathered on the grounds of 
the Ardmore Brethren Church Satur- 
day, September 10, for a World Mis- 
sions fair. 

Each church had been assigned a 
country in which The Brethren 
Church ministers and had been asked 
to set up a food booth featuring food of 
that country and a game booth with a 
game representative of that land. 

Some of the games were quite au- 
thentic — Mexican pinatas, Colom- 
bian soccer, and a good old American 
basketball toss. Others were less au- 
thentic, but still great fan. One 
church, unable to come up with a 

game representative of Malaysia, had 
a dunk tank instead. They called the 
tank the Indian Ocean and had a good 
time dunking Brethren in it through- 
out the afternoon. 

Foods served included empanadas, 
chicken curry with rice, papan chor- 
readas, chalupa, zoo tosapy, and of 
course, American hot dogs and apple 

One surprising event occurred when 
a freight train passed by on the tracks 
behind the church. The engineer, his 
curiosity aroused, stopped his train 
and came over to join in the fun. 

The fair concluded with an auction 
of donated art and craft items, during 
which the Brethren had a great time 

bidding against one another. An af- 
ghan brought the highest bid — $110. 
But the highlight of the sale was the 
last item sold. It was one of the five 
dollar centerpieces that had decorated 
the tables for the missionary banquet 
at General Conference in August. It 
sold for $45, but the lady who bought 
it donated it back to be sold again. The 
second time around it sold for $40. 

Allen Baer, on furlough from Breth- 
ren mission service in Argentina, was 
guest of honor for the day, and he 
brought greetings from the Brethren 
churches in Argentina. He was one of 
approximately 250 Brethren who en- 
joyed the food, fun, and fellowship of 
the day. 

In addition to having a good time 
and learning more about Brethren 
mission work, the Northern Indiana 
Brethren raised $1,860 during the fair 
for Brethren World Missions. 

Food and game booths at the World Missions fair, including the Indian Ocean dunking tank at the far right. 

Photos by James C. Ford. 

"Good Time Was Had by AU" at Rally 
Of Miami Valley Brethren Churches 

Dayton, Ohio — If you picked up the 
newspaper on almost any given day 
when I was a kid, you probably would 
have read somewhere within it the 
comment, "A good time was had by 
all." The statement was used so often 
that it became trite, even hackneyed. 

But what else can you say when the 
comment truly fits the occasion — like 
the Miami Valley Rally held Sunday 
evening, September 11, at the Hill- 
crest Brethren Church here in Day- 

The rally served (at least in my 
mind) as a Triad meeting, except in 
this case two Triads (New Lebanon, 
Pleasant Hill, Gratis; and Gretna, 
West Alexandria, Hillcrest) met to- 
gether. But it was also in keeping 
with the Ohio District decision to have 
two separate rallies (one in the north- 
eastern part and one in the southwest- 

ern part of the state) this fall rather 
than to have one district conference 

At our rally, "A good time was had 
by all." 

We heard the Word read, and a good 
time was had by all. We prayed to- 
gether, and a good time was had by 

We listened to a woman from West 
Alexandria give a moving testimony 
of how the church had moved to the 
number one position in her priorities. 
We also sang hymns, this family of 
Grod whose members possibly met a 
brother or sister in the faith for the 
first time. And a good time was had by 

We heard special music by a trio 
from West Alexandria and another 
special by a young lady of the area, 
both enthroning the Lord on the 

praises of their music — and a good 
time was had by all. 

We then heard a stirring message 
from Rev. Archie Nevins, church- 
planting pastor of a new work in 
Springboro, Ohio. He spoke of our 
Lord and of the faith, and, almost as 
an afterthought, of the "how to" of 
bringing a new church to life in the 
southern part of Miami Valley. In our 
minds his message was much too brief, 
for a good time was being had by all. 

After the service we retired to the 
fellowship hall, where we ate cookies 
and ice cream. There I met a sister, 
whose son — when I asked where she 
lived — glibly replied, "At the Dayton 
Mall." There I renewed my friendship 
with a brother I hadn't seen in years. 
Laughter was everywhere, and many 
people commented that we ought to do 
this more often, a testimony that — 
yes, you guessed it — a good time was 
had by all. 

— by Pastor Wes Ellis, 
Hillcrest Brethren Church 

November 1988 



North Georgetown Brethren Family 
Finds Foster Parenting Rewarding 

By Debra S. Morrow 

The following article about the Curf- 
man family appeared in the Morning 
Journal of Lisbon, Ohio, and is reprinted 
here with the permission of that paper. 
Debra S. Morrow, who wrote the article, 
is a staff writer for the Morning Journal. 

Mr. and Mrs. Curfman are members of 
the First Brethren Church of North 
Georgetown, Ohio, where their entire 
family attends regularly. At least one of 
their foster children has been baptized at 
the church, and three others are 
scheduled to receive baptism. This article 
was sent to the Evangelist by the 
Curfmans' pastor. Rev. William Walk. 

East Rochester, Ohio — Being par- 
ents to one or two children can some- 
times be frustrating. Carol and Cecil 
Curfman, have — over the past five 
years — taken on that responsibility 
for 23 children ages 9 months to 18 

After finding that they were unable 
to have any more children after 
daughter Tina was born, Carol began 
to notice television and magazine ads 
for foster parenting. She said she also 
knew some other foster parents, and 
in discussions with them, her interest 
began to grow. 

Being a born-again Christian, Carol 
said she was confident of her now 22- 
year marriage to Cecil and decided to 
put the decision in the Lord's hands. "I 
prayed. I told Him, if you want it to be 
so, then Cecil will go along with it." 
When the question was put to Cecil, 
he never hesitated. "I said, 'We'll try it 
for a yecir,' and here we are." 

Since that initial visit from a foster 
child five years ago, the house has 
never been empty. "There is no span 
in that time that a child hasn't been 
placed here. It's constant," Cecil said. 

After the decision was made, the 
Curfmans were linked with the Co- 
lumbiana County Children's Services 
and sent to school for an eight-week 
period to learn about their various 
programs on foster parenting. Follow- 
ing the school sessions, they applied 
for licensing and, after a home study 
by the agency, received a license for 
up to four children to live in their 
home at any one time. 

The home study is conducted with 
all prospective foster parents, the 
Curfmans said. Homes are checked for 
safety, stability and personal prefer- 


For instance, since the Curfmans 
own a home with several steps leading 
to the three floors, they requested that 
physically handicapped children not 
be placed with them, since it would be 
a hardship for the children. Personal 
preferences may also be given for age 
groups, medical problems, interracial 
children and other reasons. Licenses 
are renewed each year, and personal 
preferences may be changed at will. 

Foster parenting isn't always easy, 
but it is rewarding. And even though 
the goal of the program is to get the 
children back to their natural 
families, that can sometimes be dif- 
ficult. After the experience of raising 
an infant to toddler-size and watching 
as she learned to walk and talk, the 
Curfmans have decided they do not 
wish to take any more babies for a 

while. "It's just too hard to give them 
back," Carol said. 

Children are kept with the foster 
parents for as long as is deemed neces- 
sary by the courts. Most of the chil- 
dren have been taken from their 
homes because of abuse and/or neglect 
and are in need of a place to stay until 
their families are able to get them- 
selves stabilized. 

Natural parents may visit the foster 
homes, at first in the company of a 
social worker from the agency, later 
on their own. They are advised be- 
forehand what they are and are not 
permitted to discuss with the children. 
But the Curfmans have been lucky 
and have had good relationships wdth 
almost all of the natural parents. 

As the time nears that the child will 
be returning to his natural home, he 
might leave the foster home for day- 
long or weekend home visits. "That's 
the number one goal, to reunite the 
kids with their natural families," 
Carol said. 

But while the children are with 
(continued on next page) 

Ashland, Ohio — Ashland Theological Seminary broke ground October 3 for its 

new $500,000 classroom building. The facility will contain five classrooms and 
will enable the seminary to begin its second project of enlarging and expanding its 
library. Participating in the ground-breaking ceremony were all living past and 
present deans of the seminary — (r. to I.) Dr. Delbert Flora (1953-63), Dr. Joseph 
Shultz (1963-79), Dr. Charles Munson (1980-85), Dr. John Shultz (1985-88), and 
Dr. Kenneth Walther (present dean). 

The Brethren Evangeust 


Hillcrest Brethren Church Holds 
Annual "Ox Market and Flea Roast" 

Dayton, Ohio — While vacationing 
in Michigan on one occasion, my wife 
and I stopped at an ox roast and flea 
market. The feature of the event was a 
whole bullock roasted on a spit. A long 
line of tables had been set up for the 
feast, and, almost as an aside, three 
small tables holding a few trinkets at 
bargain prices stood off to the side, 
constituting the flea market. 

A week before the September 24th 
flea market at the Hillcrest Brethren 
Church, I began to spoof by calling 
ours an Ox Market and Flea Roast. 
But what I said in jest turned out to be 

By Satiirday, September 24, the 
church's gym was filled to overflowing 

with salable items collected over a 
period of months. It had tsiken more 
than a week of concentrated effort just 
to price and Eurange the items. 

There were desks, chairs, dinette 
sets, easy chairs, lawn mowers, tools, 
and kitchen accessories of nearly 
every description. There were suits, 
shirts, skirts, and shoes. And there 
was etc. — lots and lots of etc. 

At the entrance was a baked goods 
table, and down in the basement there 
were hot dogs, beans, corn bread, and 
things to drink. But the food was a 
minor part of the occasion, the Flea 
Roast as it were, and the articles fill- 
ing the gym represented the main 
event — the Ox Market. 

Though the doors didn't open until 
9:00 a.m., a line started to form out- 
side the door an hour earlier. Over the 
years the annual Hillcrest Flea Mar- 
ket has gained a reputation in the 
neighborhood. It's an opportunity for 
people to buy a wide V£u-iety of items 
at fair prices (buy things cheap is a 
better way of putting it). Where else 
can you find an article of clothing — 
good quality clothing — or perhaps a 
good pair of shoes for only a quarter? 
We hope that it is a ministry to the 
poor, but anyone is welcome. 

When the doors opened at 9:00 a.m., 
it was a madhouse for a while. It re- 
minded me of the comic strip of Dag- 
wood's Blondie at a Macy's sale. For a 
full three hours people waited in a 
long line to pay for their goods and to 
have them sacked. Then the rush 
began to wane — a little. 

(continued on next page) 

Foster Parents 

(continued from previous page) 
their foster parents, the idea is to 
make them feel as much a part of that 
family as possible. "We treat them 
like one of our own," Carol explains. 
"They do everjrthing we do and go 
where we go. They're (the same as) 

She said that a necessary part of the 
child's stay with the foster family is to 
build the child's self-confidence and 
esteem. "A lot of kids out there are 
abused and neglected and need some- 
body while their family gets them- 
selves back in order." 

Cecil said he enjoys his role as a fos- 
ter father very much and tries to 
spend as much time with the children 
as possible when he's not at work at 
his job on the bacon press at Carriage 
Hill. "I take the kids fishing and try to 
do a lot of things with them. They like 
that. . . . they like the attention from a 
parent figure .... and I enjoy the time 
with them too." 

"Breaking in" a new child can some- 
times be difficult, but the Curfmans 
use their secret weapon — an Atari 
video game. "They all like that," they 
said. "That gets them going." Another 
icebreaker, Carol related, is a shop- 
ping tour through a lairge playpen 
filled with clothes. "They like to get a 
change of clothes after they get here, 
and maybe even new clothes. Some- 
times it's the first time they've been 
able to pick out their own new 

And once the ice is broken, the chil- 
dren will usually open up and talk 
vnth Carol and Cecil. "They like to 
talk after they get going, sometimes 

maybe they talk too much," Carol 
said. "But that's okay, we don't mind." 

Raising that many children can get 
expensive, but the Curfmans get 
assistance from the agency. They 
explained that all the children's medi- 
cal bills are furnished, clothing allow- 
ances are provided twice a year and 
special funds are given to the children 
for special events such as buying 
sports equipment for school sports. 
"We had a girl go to the prom this 
year, and they bought her prom 
gown," Carol said. 

Carol saves money by canning veg- 
etables from their large garden on 
their two-acre lot. "He (Cecil) gardens 
and I can," she said. 

When the children are in their 
home, there are rules set by the state 
which the foster parents must adhere 
to strictly, the Curfmans explained. 
As an example, each foster child must 
have his own bed. But it gets easier as 
time goes on. 

"I do things as they come," Carol 
said. "I handle situations one at a 
time." She credited her school district, 
United Local, with helping the chil- 
dren to adjust. 

"United school district is very car- 
ing. They help you at home and in 
school with any discipline or type of 
problems you might have." While the 
Curfmans play the major parental role 
in their foster children's lives, the 
agency has the final say. They are the 
legal guardians of the children. 

"We're a substitute family, that's 
what we are," Carol said. Her husband 
agreed, saying that "it's either here or 
in an institution for the kids. I'd 
rather see them here." Both parents 

agreed that the children get a taste of 
a better one-on-one family relation- 

And when the time comes for the 
children to leave, there are always 
mixed feelings. "The fun times always 
outweigh the frustrating ones, and 
when we send them home we do it 
with a prayer. That's the only way to 
do it," Carol said. 

Over the past five years Carol and 
Cecil have been mother and father to 
23 children, one of whom is past legal 
age and decided to stay on. "He's still 
here. He's downstairs sleeping before 
he goes to work later today," Cecil 

The shortest stay for a child has 
been four days for the Curfmans and 
the longest was two years. After they 
go home, most keep in touch by letter 
writing. Although most are still in the 
area, one of their "children," an 18- 
year-old boy, now lives in California 
and still writes. 

The Curfmans' natural daughter, 
Tina, 16, has had few problems with 
her foster brothers and sisters. "The 
few she didn't get along with were 
right at her age, so that was under- 
standable," Carol laughs. Now, look- 
ing ahead to her future, Tina will put 
her experiences to work as she studies 
psychology in college. 

"I'm happiest when I'm with kids," 
Carol said. "It (the foster parent pro- 
gram) is very rewarding and we don't 
have any regrets. We've enjoyed all of 
the kids." She recommends the pro- 
gram highly to all interested persons. 
"If you love kids and have the space, 
there are a lot of kids out there who 
need you." 

November 1988 



"Women in Ministry" is Theme of 
Southeastern District Conference 

Maurertown, Va. — "Women in 
Ministry" was the theme of the South- 
eastern District fall conference held 
Saturday, September 17, at the 
Maurertown Brethren Church. 

Rev. David Cooksey, Director of 
Pastoral Ministries for The Brethren 
Church, presented the keynote ad- 
dress, substituting for his wife Caro- 
lyn, who had recently undergone 
surgery. Rev. Cooksey focused on the 
word "ministry" and the purpose of all 
ministry: to reach a lost world. 

Mrs. Jean Shank, moderator-elect of 
the district, reflected on the pastor's 
wife in ministry. She began with a 
comical but sometimes true-to-life skit 
of two church members talking on the 
phone about the pastor's family. She 
emphasized that the pastor's wife (as 
well as each member of the pastor's 
family) is a human being with deep 

human needs, and she challenged her 
listeners to respond to their pastoral 
family with encouragement and sup- 

Mrs. Edna Logan (who received a 
glowing introduction by one of her 
daughters) highlighted the lives of 
women in Brethren history who have 
made an impact on the church. These 
included Anna (Mrs. John) Kline, 
Sarah Majors, Laura Grossnickle, 
Jean Shank, Veda Liskey, and Mar- 
garet Lowry. 

The only major item of business at 
the conference was approval of a new 
constitution for the district. The Rules 
and Organization Committee had 
spent several months reviewing and 
revising the document. Because of the 
extensive preparation this committee 
had done, the revised constitution was 
approved with little debate. 

The spring conference will be hosted 
by the Mt. Olive Brethren Church on 
Saturday, April 22, 1989. 

A sidelight of the conference just 
completed was a friendly competition 
between the Bethlehem and Mt. Olive 
Churches to see which church could 
have the most people attending dis- 
trict conference. The competition was 
in response to Dr. Jerry Flora's Gen- 
eral Conference address, which noted 
that in the past Brethren were "cheer- 
leading" one another on. Bethlehem 
Pastor Pat Velanzon picked up on this 
idea and challenged the Mt. Olive con- 
gregation to see which church could 
have more people at the conference. 

Though the Bethlehem Church is 
somewhat smaller than Mt. Olive, 
they "won" the contest with 20 adults 
and youth attending, compared to 15 
from Mt. Olive. But, as Rev. Velanzon 
noted, no one really lost, for each 
church had more people attending the 
district conference than at any time in 
recent memory. 
— reported by Rev. Ronald W. Waters 

"Ox Market and Flea Roast" 

(continued from page 19) 

By 11:30 a.m. the baked goods table 
closed up shop — sold out except for a 
few items that members were still 
bringing in. By three o'clock the 
kitchen crew was out of business, but 
still people were coming into the gym. 
The fact that the "best stuff' had al- 
ready been purchased was offset by a 
further reduction in prices. 

It was my first Ox Market at Hill- 
crest, and what a hectic time I had! 
But one person remained composed 
throughout the day — Genie Downs. 
Genie is the seed planter and prime 
mover of this event. One has to have 
sympathy for her husband, Tom, who 
is called upon to move bed frames, 
mattresses and box springs, dressers, 
chairs, etc. (lots and lots of etc.). He 
does it ungrudgingly with broad 
shoulders, a spring in his step, and a 
beat up pickup truck. 

The point of it all for Genie is 
twofold: it is a ministry to the poor, 
and the proceeds are aimed at mis- 
sions, in which Genie has an intense 
and constant interest. 

This interest also permeates her 
children — Paul (13), who did his 
share of hauling, and Cinnamon (15), 
who made her debut recently with 
Dayton's Youth Symphony as solo 
harpist. Cinnamon is known at the 
Missionary Board for sending money 
she has earned playing her harp — 
but that's another story. 

As the event wound down, the 


cleaning up began. By this time I was 
bone weary, unaccustomed to this 
kind of work, and I became philosophi- 
cal. I thought of Jesus turning the 
water into wine and only the servants, 
the insignificant unknowns, knowing 
where it had come from. Not the ca- 
terer, not the bridegroom, £ind cer- 
tainly not the guests. 

I also thought of Dietrich Bonhoef- 
fer's statement: "When Christ bids you 
come. He bids you come and die." In 
some ways, evangelical Christianity 
may have sold a bill of goods by say- 
ing, "When Christ bids you come. He 
bids you come and be happy." Yet for 
people like Genie Downs, happiness is 
found in sacrificial efforts. 

I also thought of words found in 

Ephesians 6:13, 14: ". . . and having 
done all, to stand. Stand therefore 
. . . ." Genie did all, and stood. I'll al- 
ways be convinced that the backbone 
of Christianity is not the high visibil- 
ity preachers, singers, and theolo- 
gians, but rather the obscure people 
with an intense and enduring interest 
in and commitment to causes outside 
themselves who stand. 

The only time during the day that I 
saw Genie overwhelmed was when she 
learned how much was made for mis- 
sions — over $1,800. She covered her 
gaping mouth with her hand for a mo- 
ment and let out a hint of a gasp. 
Then she turned and picked up a 
broom and a dustpan. 

— by Pastor Wes Ellis 

Balloon Release in January 
Brings September Visitors 

Bryan, Ohio — A balloon release in 
January brought visitors to the First 

Brethren Church of Bryan in Sep- 

On the first Sunday of this year 

(January 3), members of the Bryan 

congregation released 100 helium- 

(continued on next page) 

Visitors from Canada (left table) enjoy the hog roast at Bryan First Brethren. 

The Brethren Evangeust 


Masontown Celebration Focuses on 
The Importance of Sunday School 

Masontown, Pa. — The importance 
of Sunday school was the focus of a 
celebration held Sunday, September 
11, during the worship service at the 
Masontown Brethren Church. 

The celebration was in observance 
of Sunday School Day, a day desig- 
nated by the Brethren churches of 
Pennsylvania in which to promote 
Sunday schools in the district. 

During the Masontown celebration, 
Mrs. Virginia Wilson, teacher of the 
Mission Class, spoke of what Sunday 
school has meant to her. She told how 
her mother, Edith Rosie (now de- 
ceased), a devoted member of the 
Brethren Church and of the Dorcas 
Class, saw to it that all her children 
were in Sunday school each Sunday. 
Mrs. Wilson also gave a history of her 
own Sunday school teaching career. 

Mrs. Emma Genshaw, member and 
secretary of the Builders Class, told 
why she enjoys Sunday school. She 
spoke of the closeness and love class 

members share with one another — 
much like family. 

Primary Class members Shainnon 
Logan, Michelle Rosie, David Shimek, 
Heather Reda, and Valerie Berish pre- 
sented two special numbers for the 
service. They were led by Mrs. Pat 
Yakubec and accompanied at the 
piano by Mrs. Irene Rosie. 

During the service three Masontown 
members were presented awards from 
the Fayette County Sunday School As- 
sociation for 25 consecutive years as 
workers in the Sunday school. Both 
Virginia Wilson and Emma Genshaw 
received awards, as well as Sunday 
school teacher Mary Davis. 

A special certificate of appreciation 
from the Masontown Brethren Church 
Board of Christian Education was pre- 
sented to Mildred Johnson for her 
more than 30 years of service to the 
Sunday school. In accepting the 
award, Mrs. Johnson testified to the 
years of pleasure she has received 

teaching children in the primary de- 
partment. Though now stepping down 
to let someone younger take her place, 
she will nevertheless continue to serve 
as a substitute teacher. 

Pastor Russell King's sermon for the 
service, entitled "Soma-Body," focused 
on the importance of being part of the 
body of Christian believers called the 

In addition to celebrating Sunday 
School Day on September 11, the 
Masontown Church hosted a Pennsyl- 
vania District Sunday School Workers 
Rally the previous day. Approximately 
50 Sunday school leaders and teachers 
from Pennsylvania Brethren churches 
were present to hear Dr. Mary Ellen 
Drushal, associate professor of Chris- 
tian education at Ashland Theological 
Seminary, speak in the morning about 
the ministry of the Sunday school and 
to attend afternoon workshops. Work- 
shop leaders and their topics included 
Linda Barr — Youth; Linda Beekley 
and Alberta Holsinger — Children; 
Tim Rowsey — Young Adults; and Dr. 
Drushal — Superintendents and Pas- 
— reported by Mrs. Mildred Wheeler 

Early Service is Successful 
During Summer at Mt. Olive 

Pineville, Va. — Some folks in Vir- 
ginia like to get up early, and they 
proved it by attending "8:15 Praise!," 
an early, informal worship service of- 
fered for eleven weeks this past sum- 
mer by the Mt. Olive Brethren Church. 

For several years the church had 
held Sunday school and worship serv- 
ices a half hour earlier during the 
summer months. But this was the first 
time the church offered two separate 
worship services — one at 8:15 and a 
second at 10:30 — with Sunday school 
in between at 9:15. 

Most good ideas are not original, but 
Eire copied from somewhere else. This 
idea and the name were copied from 

the Waterloo, Iowa, First Brethren 
Church, which has offered an early 
Sunday worship experience for four 
summers under the leadership of Pas- 
tor L3mn Mercer. The concept is 
unique because summertime is when 
many churches decrease rather than 
increase the number of services. 

The emphasis of the early service at 
Mt. Olive was on informality — casual 
attire was welcomed and encouraged. 
The service included more singing and 
more opportunity for sharing. In addi- 
tion, the worship area was cooler on 
hot mornings, and the eairly starting 
time allowed attenders to get an ear- 
lier start on other activities. 

Average attendance at the 8:15 
service was 38, while the 10:30 service 
averaged 63 weekly. The total attend- 
ance for the eleven weeks was up nine 

Balloon Release Brings Visitors 

(continued from previous page) 
filled balloons to begin their year-long 
celebration of the church's 100 years 
of ministry in the Brytm community. 
Attached to each balloon was a note 
giving information about the church. 
One response was received to the 
notes on the balloons — from a person 
in Inwood, Ontario, in Canada. This 
person is a member of the St. Andrews 
B & E United Church of Inwood, 
which, ironically, is also celebrating 
its 100th anniversary this year. 

November 1988 < 

When the Bryan Church held its 
homecoming weekend on September 
24 and 25, twelve members of the St. 
Andrews Church came to participate 
in the festivities. They enjoyed the hog 
roast in the church parking lot on 
Saturday evening and attended the 
worship service and a pot-luck lunch 
on Sunday. 

Other special guests for the 
weekend were former pastor Rev. 
Smith Rose and his wife Florence. 

— reported by Louise Bishop, 
corresponding secretary 

percent over the same period in 1987. 

A survey at the end of the summer 
revealed that those who attended the 
early service regularly were genuinely 
glad to have opportunity to worship 
early in the day. The largest source of 
dissatisfaction with two services was 
the sense of loss in not having as 
much fellowship with those attending 
the other service. 

Of those responding to the survey, 
72 percent expressed a desire to have 
an early service next summer. Also, 
61 percent said they would favor con- 
sideration of an early worship service 
year-round as one possible means to 
allow for future growth in the church. 

Reflecting on the summer. Pastor 
Ron Waters noted, "I read recently 
that most churches are satisfied with 
a goal of trying to get their facilities 
filled up for one service. But minister- 
ing churches are those who are willing 
to meet people at their point of need 
and responsiveness. While we had 
fewer people in each of the services 
than we'd have had in only one com- 
bined service, comments revealed that 
we served more people by offering two 
services than we would have if only 
one service had been available. To me, 
that's what the purpose of the church 
is all about. 

"Perhaps other churches should 
study the possibility of offering multi- 
ple worship experiences," Waters said. 



Michael Lee Stone was born to 
Rev. David amd Jill Stone on Sep- 
tember 15th. Michael weighed in at 8 
lbs. IV2 oz. Rev. Stone is pastor of 
the Roann, Ind., First Brethren 

Dr. Kenneth Walther, the new 

dean of Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary, was officially installed on Sep- 
tember 25 during the morning wor- 
ship service at the Ashland Park 
Street Brethren Church. Dr. Fred 

Finks, vice president of the semi- 
nary, presented the message for the 

The National Association of 
Evangelicals has called on evangel- 
icals to boycott the purchase of the 
video cassette version of the film 
E.T.: The Extraterrestrial, because of 
the "callous indifference to the 
Christian faith" MCA/Universal dis- 
played in releasing The Last Temp- 
tation of Christ. The video of E.T.: 
The Extraterrestrial was released by 
MCA/Universal in October. 

Brethren House Ministries re- 
cently released two new Christian 
education resources. Advent Sym- 
bols to Make describes and illus- 
trates 24 common symbols seen on 
Christmas cards and decorations 
during Advent. It includes scripture 
passages and directions for making 
and discussing each symbol. Cost is 
$6.25. A Hunger Learning Kit in- 
cludes a 36-page teacher's guide de- 

scribing various activities useful for 
teaching about hunger as well as a 
variety of materials ready to cut out 
and assemble for classroom use. It is 
suitable for elementary, middle 
school, and intergenerational 
groups. Cost is $25. These resources 
may be ordered from Brethren 
House Ministries, 6301 56th Ave., 
St. Petersburg, FL 33709. 

Ben Witherington III, associate 
professor of biblical and Wesleyan 
studies at Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary, is the author of a new book. 
Women in the Earliest Churches. 
The book, published by Cambridge 
Press during the summer, is a fol- 
low-up publication to his first book, 
Women in the Ministry of Jesus. 

World Relief Corporation personnel 
have been at work recently helping to 
coordinate relief efforts and to provide 
relief in Latin America following Hur- 
ricane Gilbert and in Bangladesh fol- 
lowing record flooding there. 

In Memory 

Pastor Cirilo Ruiz, 53, senior pastor of 
Brethren mission work in Mexico City, 
died October 6 following an illness of sev- 
eral months. 

Pastor Ruiz' ministry with The Brethren 
Church began in 1979 with a home Bible 
study in a new community in Mexico City. 
The group met in homes for three years, 
then a piece of land was purchased and 
soon after a chapel was built. Other con- 
struction followed as funds from the Mis- 
sionary Board were available and as local 
church efforts made it possible. 

When his funeral was conducted at the 
church where Pastor Ruiz had so faithfully 
served, the building was full. And when 
the word was preached, several people sur- 
rendered their lives to Christ. 

Dr. Juan Carlos Miranda, who super- 
vises Brethren work in Mexico, says of Pas- 

Pastor Cirilo Ruiz with his wife, Concep- 
tidn, and their three daughters, in a photo- 
graph taken May 29, 1988. 

tor Ruiz, "We have lost a pioneer, but his 
work and witness will continue to be a 
challenge to those that remain. We Eire 
sure that the Brethren in the United 
States and those in the mission field will 
want to pray for this family during this 
time of sorrow." 

Pastor Ruiz is survived by his wife, Con- 
cepcion, and three daughters, 13, 8, and 3 
years of age. Condolences and assistance 
may be sent in care of the Missionary 
Board of The Brethren Church, 524 College 
Ave., Ashland, OH 44805. 
Betty Goodrick, 59, October 13. Member 
for 32 yeeirs of the South Bend First Breth- 
ren Church, which she served as mod- 
erator, church treasurer, Sunday school 
teacher, and youth leader. She also served 
on the Indiana Board of Christian Educa- 
tion and worked at Camp Shipshewana. 
Services by Pastor Larry R. Baker. 
Beverly Watson, 56, October 8. Member 
of the Bryan First Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Mark Britton. 
George Grantz, 58, October 2. Member of 
the Pleasant View Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Pastor R. Keith Hensley. 
Wibna Grim, 85, September 29. Member 
of the Bryan First Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Rev. Theron Diehl. 
William Fairman, 59, September 27. 
Member of the Pleasant View Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor R. Keith 

Phyllis M. Baney, 84, September 21. 
Member of the Ardmore Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Grene Eckerley. 
Mrs. O. Beulah Lowery, 97, September 
16. Member since 1915 of the St. James 
Brethren Church. Services by Pastor Brian 
H. Moore. 

Jack Starliper, 60, September 8. Member 
for 11 years of the St. James Brethren 
Church, which he served three years as a 

trustee and this year as head trustee. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Brian H. Moore and As- 
sociate Pastor Timothy P. Gamer. 
Lena Fulk, 77, June 13. Longtime 
member and deaconess of the Cerro Gordo 
Brethren Church. Services by Pastor 
Henry Wilson. 


Lydia Stratton to Steven FVitch, October 

8, at the Bryan First Brethren Church; 

Pastor Mark Britton officiating. Bride a 

member of the Bryan First Brethren 


Kelly Cox to Kevin Moe, October 1, at the 

Bryan First Brethren Church; Pastor Mark 

Britton officiating. Bride a member of the 

Bryan First Brethren Church; groom a 

member of the Sarasota First Brethren 


Deborah Kay Beers to Larry Robarge, 

September 24, in Burlington, Ohio. Groom 

a member of the Bryan First Brethren 


Linda Johnson to Mark King, September 

24, at the Muncie First Brethren Church; 

Pastor Keith Bennett officiating. Bride a 

member of the Muncie First Brethren 



Dile and Rhoda Leidy, 55th, November 

29. Members of the Vinco Brethren 


Daniel and Eliza Miller, 60th, November 

28. Mr. Miller a member of the Dayton 

Hillcrest Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Masontown: 3 by baptism 

Brush Valley: 15 by baptism 

St. James: 9 by baptism, 4 by transfer 


The Brethren Evangeust 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14)> 


We say many things to God when we talk to Him in prayer. But there is one thing 
we should remember to tell Him every day. The answer is 1 . down. 

To find the answer, choose a word from the word box to complete each sentence. 
Write the words in the boxes across. Do you remember to say this to God? 

1 . God's word is . 

2. We learn of God at home and at 

God created the 
He made all 



5. We 

6. We talk to God in 

and the earth. 

God loves us. 


God's Son is 

Spirit is with us. 


Word Box 

things true 
church Holy 
God think 




3. ~~~ ^^ ^""^^ ~~' ^^ 
4. " 

5. ^^ "^ 

6. "^"^ 

7. ~~~ 
8. I "^"^ ~~~ ~"^ 


On these empty plates, draw pictures of your favorite foods for each meal. 






In each figure below, write the name of a person who is special to you. 

November 1988 


(Including Hispanic 
and Special) 

Once again we THANK YOU for your faithful support of the Brethren Home Mission 
Program through regular and special gifts, Growth Partners, and the Revolving 
Loan Fund. Your continuing help is needed. Please do not fail to do your very best 
in supporting Home Missions in 1989. 

Please Give 


through your local church, 

or mail your gift to: 









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G- 01 Wi -^ to 
Ui Cj -d t> <i: 

Developing a Global Vision 

Playing at Missions 

THE OTHER DAY I read an arti- 
cle in which the author warned 
against "playing at missions." 

Playing at missions? It sounded 
like something we should avoid, al- 
though the writer didn't go into de- 
tail. Would we really "play" at some- 
thing as important as world mis- 

Some people, of course, take their 
play seriously. Athletes, for exam- 
ple, spend hours, weeks, and months 
training for competition. We re- 
cently witnessed a display of this 
dedication in Seoul, South Korea, 
where Olympic athletes with years 
of training competed for a few brief 
seconds of glory or tears. 

Professional athletes also adopt an 
earnest attitude toward play. They 
polish their skills through a lifetime 
of training. They realize that if they 
don't play well, they don't eat. 

Children and play 

Children aren't into sports for 
money, but they, too, take play seri- 
ously. I know from experience. As a 
grade schooler, I justly earned a 
reputation as a sports fanatic. 

I listened to practically every 
game of the Chicago White Sox. 
Even when the Sox played on the 
West Coast and games started at 
11:00 p.m. Indiana time, I would 
snuggle into bed with my transistor 
radio and catch at least a few in- 

It was the same story with the 
Purdue University Boilermakers 
and the Chicago Bears, both of 
which received my wholehearted de- 

votion. And there's not enough space 
to tell you about my youthful frenzy 
for Indiana high school basketball. 

If I had been as zealous about the 
Lord as I was about "playing," I 
would have become a grade school 
William Carey or David Living- 

Going through the motions 

Having said all this, I don't think 
the above-mentioned writer was 
thinking about our zeal when he 
criticized "playing at missions." He 
wasn't thinking about something po- 
tentially positive. Just the opposite. 
He meant our tendency to merely go 
through the motions without taking 
missions involvement seriously. 

Sometimes missions is something 
we do only when there is time or 
money left over. It's as if we are say- 
ing, "We'll do something about mis- 
sions after we get our real work in 
the church done." 

To be sure, we may get involved in 
missions in a program sort of way. 
But we are "playing" when we don't 
examine the results of our efforts to 
see whether we are really ac- 
complishing anything. 

We hold our once-a-year missions 
conferences and we support a mis- 
sionary or two financially. These ac- 
tivities are important. But do we 
aggressively seek other and more ef- 
fective ways to involve people and to 
spread the message about God's Son 
to all peoples of the world? (For 
example, I believe a good measure of 
a church's success in missions is how 
many of its young people go into 

short-term or career missionary 

Or maybe we "play" at missions 
because it's less threatening. It's cer- 
tainly a lot easier to expound about 
the heathen from the safe confines of 
a missions committee meeting than 
it is to cross a street or an apart- 
ment hallway to invite a neighbor to 

And we need to check ourselves: 
Do we also pray about missions or 
do we play? Do we pray for the lost 
and for our missionaries, or do we 
deceive ourselves into thinking that 
our "activities" are enough? Let us 
never forget that missions puts us 
into the middle of spiritual warfare. 
The battle is only won with God's 
weapons — prayer and God's word. 

There's another group in our 
churches who give the impression of 
"playing" at missions. These are the 
missions fanatics who talk in mis- 
sions lingo, which the ordinary 
layperson cannot even understand. 
They unintentionally form into little 
cliques who keep track of missions 
statistics and unreached peoples 
groups like some baseball fans do 
their heroes' batting averages. 

We missionaries and missions 
workers have to be careful not to 
start "playing" this way. In doing so, 
we scare away or turn off potential 
workers. In our prowess for handling 
charts, graphs, and missions 
strategy, we may become proud and 
lose our perspective of what mis- 
sions is really about. 

Missions is about people all over 
the world who need to hear about 
Christ in a way and language they 
can understand. The way we "play" 
at missions helps determine whether 
these folks win or lose for all eternity. 

No bench-warmers 

I'm always amazed that God has 
chosen to use imperfect Christians 
like you and me to get this impor- 
tant message out. And, after some 
rather frustrating years in high 
school sports, I'm glad that in this 
"game," there are no bench-warmers. 

Missions is truly a team sport, and 
we're all going for the gold, as it 
were. Therefore, "let us run with 
perseverance the race marked out 
for us," as the writer to the Hebrews 
said, sounding like a coach. "Let us 
fix our eyes on Jesus, the author and 
perfecter of our faith." [t] 

The Brethren Evangeust 

December 1988 
Volume 110, Number 11 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 


John Maust 
Alvin Shifflett 

Children's Page 

Alberta Holsinger 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

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Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
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lishing Company, 524 College 
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lishing Company. 
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Member: Evangelical Press 


Why in a Manger? by Richard C. Winfield 

That there was no room in the inn is not the only reason the 

Lord of the Universe was bom in a stable. 

Women in Ministry by Carolyn Cooksey 

Light from the Bible and from Christian history on one of the 

most controversial subjects in the church today. 

The Call to Christian Service by Leroy Solomon 

Insights from the Prophet Isaiah and from the author's own 

experience on how God calls Christians into ministry. 

Ministry Pages 

Christian Education 


What is Christian Education in The Brethren Church? 

by Charles Beekley 

Departmen ts 

Developing a Global Vision 2 

by John Maust 

Jesus Is Lord! 11 

by Moderator Kenneth Sullivan 
Peace Points of View 15 

Cartoon 15 

Update 16 

From the Grape Vine 22 

Children's Page 23 

by Alberta Holsinger 

Director of Brethren Church Ministries 

The 1988 General Conference approved implementation of the position of 
Director of Brethren Church Ministries. At the October meeting of the Gen- 
eral Conference Executive Council a search committee was appointed com- 
posed of James R. Black, Judi Gentle, Brian Moore, Dale Stoffer, and Mod- 
erator Kenneth Sullivan. 

This committee has completed the job description for the position of 
Director of Brethren Church Ministries (DBCM). If you are interested in re- 
ceiving a copy of the job description, please send a request to Berniece Miller 
at the National Offices, 524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 44805. Those wishing 
to be considered for the position must submit a resume to Mrs. Miller by Jan- 
uary 13, 1989. 

The committee also asks that anyone wishing to submit a nomination for 
this position please send it to Mrs. Miller as well. The committee will follow 
up nominations by encouraging those nominated to submit a resume by the 
January 13th deadline. It is the committee's hope — if the Lord provides a 
suitable person — that this individual will be able to assume the position of 
DBCM in June or July 1989. 
Answers to Little Crusader Page: 

No answers necessary. Enjoy the game. 

Please note: This month's "Little Crusader" page is the last one to be 
contributed by Mrs. Alberta Holsinger, who has been preparing the children's 
page for the past two years and three months. Our sincere thanks to Mrs. 
Holsinger for her fine work and her faithful service. The new children's page 
Contibutor will be announced next month. 

December 1988 

"And she gave birth to her first- 
born son and wrapped him in 
swaddling cloths, and laid him in a 
manger ..." (Luke 2:7).* 

WHY in a manger? "The answer 
is obvious," you say. "The rest 
of the verse tells us that there was 
no room in the inn. Therefore Mary 
and Joseph took refuge in a stable. 
When the baby Jesus was bom, 
Mary placed Him in the only 'crib' 
available, a manger, the food box for 
the animals." 

Yes, that's the obvious reason, the 
immediate cause of why the Lord of 
the universe was placed in a manger 
at His birth. But siu-ely there's more 
to it than that. 

God was in control of Christ's 
birth. He determined the time of His 
birth (the fulness of time. Gal. 4:4) 
and the town in which it took place 
(it had been prophesied years ear- 
lier). Surely He could have arranged 
human affairs in such a way that 
Jesus would have been born some- 
where other than a stable, where He 
was placed in a manger. 

But He didn't. Therefore, God 
must have had some reason for 
Jesus to be born in a stable. So 
again I ask, "Why in a manger?" 

While making no claim to being 
able to plumb the depths of the mind 
of God, I would like to suggest two 
possible reasons. 

Approachable by all 

First, I would like to suggest that 
Jesus was born in a stable and laid 
in a manger to show that He is ap- 
proachable by all persons. 

Jesus is Lord of lords and King of 
kings. But if He had been bom in a 
royal palace, who would have dared 
to visit Him? Certainly not the com- 
mon people, to say nothing of the 
poor and the outcast. 

But who were His first visitors? A 
group of shepherds, men on one of 
the lowest rungs of the Jewish social 
ladder. And why did they dare to 
visit Him? Because an angel said, 
". . . to you is bom this day in the 
city of David a Savior, who is Christ 
the Lord. And this will be a sign for 
you: you will find a babe wrapped in 
swaddling cloths and lying in a 
manger" (Luke 2:11-12, emphasis 

^Quotations from the Bible are from the 
Revised Standard Version. 


in a 


By Richard Winfield 

When the shepherds heard that 
Jesus was lying in a manger, they 
said, "Let us go see." If Jesus had 
been born in a palace, do you think 
they would have rushed off to see 
Him? And even if they had, would 
they have made it through the 
palace gate? But they felt welcome 
in a stable. 

At birth, and throughout His life, 
Jesus was approachable by the low- 
est classes of society. And if they 
could come to him, it stands to 
reason that anyone of whatever 
level of society could do so also. 

Years later Jesus said, "Come to 
me, all who labor and are heavy 
laden .... for I am gentle and lowly 
in heart, and you will find rest for 
your souls" (Matt. 11:28-29, em- 
phasis added). Though He was Lord 

of lords, Jesus was lowly at heart. 
Anyone could come to Him. This fact 
was symbolized from the moment of 
his birth, when He was born in a 
stable and laid in a manger. 

Because Jesus was bom in a sta- 
ble, anyone could come to him, rich 
or poor, royalty or outcast. But if the 
poor and outcast were going to be 
there, some people might not want 
to come. 

Come in true humility 

This brings us to what I consider 
to be a second lesson of the manger. 
I would like to suggest that Jesus 
was born in a stable and laid in a 
manger to show that all who come to 
Him must do so in true humility. 

The shepherds had no difficulty in 
going to the stable to see the new- 
bom Savior and King. But what 
about the leading ladies and gentle- 
men of Jerusalem? If they had 
known about His birth, would they 
have risked getting dung on their 
shoes and stable smell in their 
clothes in order to see Jesus? It 
would have required them to hum- 
ble themselves in order to do so. 

During the years of His ministry, 
Jesus told those who came to Him 
that they must humble themselves 
like children in order to enter the 
Kingdom of Heaven. The common 
people, and particularly the poor 
and the outcast, were able to do this. 
But the rich and powerful found it 
difficult to do so, and only a few of 
them followed Him. 

The life of a disciple is a life of 
humility. Those who come to Jesus 
must empty themselves of self-right- 
eousness and all personal claims to 
greatness, and humbly accept Jesus 
as Savior and Lord. This fact was 
symbolized by Jesus' birth in a sta- 
ble, where He was laid in a manger. 

The innkeeper of Bethlehem has 
taken a lot of verbal abuse over the 
years for turning away Joseph and 
Mary and making it necessary for 
Jesus to be born in a stable. But 
even in this situation God was work- 
ing His will, for He has a message in 
the manger. That message is that 
Jesus Christ, though Lord of lords 
and King of kings, is approachable 
by all, rich or poor, high cast or out- 
cast, and that all who come to Him 
must do so in true humility, even as 
He humbled Himself in order to be- 
come our Savior. [t] 

The Brethren Evangeust 


the most controversial issues 
to face the Christian church in cen- 
turies. The issue encompasses a 
broad spectnmi of questions, rang- 
ing from the theological (How do 
women view God; does their view 
differ from men's?) to the practical 
(What ministries may women per- 
form in the church?). In actuality, 
when we talk about "women in 
ministry," we are considering every- 
thing from serving tea to ordination. 

Underlying these questions about 
women in ministry are some basic 
questions about women — and men 
— in general. Emblazoned across 
the cover of the August 8, 1988, U.S. 
News and World Report were the 
words "Men vs. Women." Much of 
that issue was devoted to examining 
and analyzing significant differences 
between the sexes. Modern research- 
ers have determined that not only do 
men's and women's bodies differ, but 
that their brains, their emotional 
makeup, and their attitudes are also 

The world in general and social 

Mrs. Cooksey is a wife, mother of three 
girls, and a part-time student at Ashland 
Theological Seminary. Her husband. 
Rev. David Cooksey, is director of Pas- 
toral Ministries for The Brethren 

This article is an edited version of an 
address Mrs. Cooksey prepared for the 
Southeastern District Conference in Sep- 
tember, but which she was unable to de- 
liver because of surgery. 

December 1988 




By Carolyn Cooksey 

scientists, psychologists, and theolo- 
gians in particular are all thinking 
about the differences between 
women and men and are trying to 
understand the characteristics of 
each sex and the complexity of our 
relationships. What can we say 
about these matters? 

More similarities than differences 

To begin with, it seems that men 
and women share more similarities 
than differences. Both men and 
women normally have five senses. 
We both need food and rest. We 
are all emotional, intellectual, and 
spiritual beings, no matter whether 
we are male or female. We are all 
mortal, fragile beings in need of un- 
derstanding, acceptance, and love. 

Yet, paradoxically, we are also im- 
mortal. And we possess strengths, 
both physical and spiritual strengths, 
that sometimes surprise us. 

Biblically there are even more 
similarities. Genesis 1 assures us 
that both male and female are 
created in the "image of God." Both 
are "fearfully and wonderfully 
made" by the hand of God. Genesis 3 
reveals that all are sinners; both 
male and female willfully disobeyed 
God and became not only God's 
enemies, but also subject to death. 
We are all in the same boat; none is 
righteous. Each of us stands before a 
Holy God in desperate need. 

In our intense feeling of being 
lost, we who believe become aware 
of who God is and of oiu- overwhelm- 

ing need for Him. We seek after God 
and meet Him in Jesus Christ. We 
learn to know Him as Savior and ac- 
cept Him as Lord. He died for all of 
us — both those of us who are 
female and those of us who are male 
— in order that we might live. 

When we come to Him in faith, He 
changes us. No longer are we dead, 
but alive! No longer are we enemies, 
but now children in His family of 
faith. The Spirit comes to live in 
each of us and we are all set apart 
for His use. 

We — both men and women — are 
given gifts and abilities, as well as 
the desire to find and do the work 
that He determined for us in our 
time and place. How exciting it is 
that each of us has a purpose! Both 
men and women can know, love, and 
serve Grod. Each of us is called to be 
salt, light, a witness. We are to be 
hearers and doers of His word. Each 
of us wants wholeness, holiness, and 
this is available to us in the person 
and work of Jesus Christ. 

In Christ both male and female 
are very much alike. So why the 
controversy? Why the issue regard- 
ing women in ministry? What is the 
role of women in ministry? 

Light from Scripture 

For light on these questions, let us 
look to Scripture. The Bible reveals 
that women have always been part 
of the people of God. The Old Testa- 
ment presents some shining exam- 
ples of exceptional women — Ruth, 

''Both men and women can know, love, and serve God. Each of us 
is called to be salt, light, a witness. We are to be hearers and doers 
of His word." 

Esther, and a few others. But we 
often overlook many other examples 
of women in ministry. 

Let us look at the life of Moses. In 
Exodus 1 we read that the Egyptian 
Pharaoh, afraid that the Hebrews 
would outnumber the Egyptians, or- 
dered the Hebrew midwives Shiph- 
rah and Puah to kill all Hebrew 
males as they were born. "The mid- 
wives, however, feared God and did 
not do what the king of Egypt had 
told them to do; they let the boys 
live" (Ex. 1:17, NIV). And they were 
rewarded for it. 

This scheme having failed, 
Pharaoh next ordered the Egyptians 
to throw the Hebrew male babies in- 
to the Nile. But a certain Hebrew 
woman bears a son and hides him in 
her home. After three months, when 
this is no longer possible, she makes 
him a little boat and places him in 
the Nile, where his sister watches 
over him. We are not told if the 
father approves, assists, or even 
knows of his wife's actions. 

Pharaoh's own daughter and her 
handmaidens find the baby, name 
him, and give him back to his 
mother to care for him until he is 
weaned. It is interesting that all of 
Pharaoh's efforts to suppress Israel 
were thwarted by women — the 
midwives, the Israelite mothers, 
Moses' mother and sister, and 
Pharaoh's own daughter. 

Jesus and women 

In the New Testament, at Christ's 
birth, death, and resurrection, who 
was there? Women. From the womb 
to the tomb, the primary witnesses 
were all women. In light of Jewish 
culture, this is important. A 
woman's testimony was not accepted 
in that society. The Gospel writers, 
however, do not hide the fact that 
women recognized who Christ was. 

Women accompanied Jesus from 
Galilee to Jerusalem. Throughout 
His ministry, Jesus treated women 
with love and compassion. He saw 
their potential. Women were much 
involved in ministry surrounding 

the earthly life of our Lord, and 
early Christians owed a great deal of 
what they believed to their testimony. 
The early church included women 
as co-workers with men. In Acts 18, 
Priscilla and Aquila were church 
planters and teachers who risked 
their necks for Paul. We know 
women were martyred along with 
men in the persecution that in- 
itiated the spread of the faith. 

Women in church history 

Writings from the early church 
show that the second century church 
fathers were not as open to the 
ministry of women as were Jesus, 
Paul, and the early church. Augus- 
tine, Tertullian, and others, in their 
fight against heresy, came to regard 
women as inferior to men. As de- 
scendants of Eve, women were often 
blamed for the fall. They were not 
trusted and consequently were ex- 
cluded from the church hierarchy. 
During the Middle Ages, women 
were even less welcome in the 
church. In some biblical manu- 
scripts, references to women were 
changed or deleted. 

Even so, women were still in- 
volved in ministry. During this 
period when some men withdrew 
into monastic life, women developed 
their own orders and participated in 
ministry alongside the men. Several 
women mystics emerged who influ- 
enced spiritual thought and led 
women in branching out into vari- 
ous areas of social need. The transla- 
tion of the Bible into the common 
language of the people gave the 
Scripture to women, who were learn- 
ing to read and write. Many women 
lived and died in ministry, howbeit 

The Reformation did not signifi- 
cantly change the position of 
women. Nevertheless, many women 
were influential in encouraging 
their husbands to support Protes- 
tantism. Katherine von Bora (1499- 
1550), wife of Martin Luther, sup- 
ported the ideas of her husband and 
also contributed some of her own. 

In the Sectarian Movements (the 
Anabaptists, Pietists, Quakers, etc.) 
that developed after the Reforma- 
tion, the "sisters" were accepted as 
being on the same level as the 
"brethren," and had considerably 
more freedom for ministry. Not only 
did the emerging concepts of believ- 
ers' baptism and the priesthood of 
all believers give women opportun- 
ity for ministry, they also opened to 
them the door to persecution and 
martyrdom. As many women as men 
were brought before the Inquisition. 

Even though women were becom- 
ing more involved in ministry, their 
status did not change during the 
Enlightenment. They were still ad- 
monished to "keep silent," and most 
did. Hindered from ministering 
within the church, women started 
their own prayer groups and estab- 
lished societies to help the sick, or- 
phans, prostitutes, and prisoners. 
Nineteenth century women de- 
veloped home missions, distributed 
Bibles, did social work, and taught 
Sunday school. Robert Raikes, foun- 
der of the Sunday school movement, 
began his work in the 1780's with 
four women. Most church school 
teachers then, as now, were women. 

Charles Finney, the most popular 
revivalist of the early 19th centiuy, 
permitted women to pray and testify 
in public meetings. Soon women 
were finding expression in ministry 
by writing hymns and tracts. And by 
the turn of the century, some women 
gained prominence as preachers. 

Women and the Progressive Brethren 

Following the split in the Breth- 
ren movement in 1883, the Progres- 
sive Brethren moved quickly to 
grant women the privilege and re- 
sponsibility of sharing in church 
leadership. By 1894 General Confer- 
ence and most district conferences 
had passed resolutions favoring 
equality of men and women in the 
church. They also permitted women 
to be pastors and missionaries. 

Mary Sterling, The Brethren 
Church's first ordained woman, was 

The Brethren Evangeust 

*We need to be aware of what women are thinking and doing, of 
how God is speaking to and through them, as well as how He is 
working in the church as a whole." 

well received. She conducted meet- 
ings in various states and was asked 
to preach the Sunday morning ser- 
mon at General Conference. As 
early as 1894 The Brethren Church 
realized the need for both men and 
women to prepare for ministry, and 
as recently as 1974 the church en- 
couraged women and men to engage 
in team ministry as ordained or as 
lay persons. 

Women's opportunities today 

What are the opportunities for 
women today? Women must know 
the past — our rich heritage in both 
Scripture and in The Brethren 
Church. We must get acquainted 
with the thought and work of those 
who went before. We must learn 
from Scripture, from the example of 
both men and women — not just the 
outstanding women, but also from 
the ordinary, even nameless women 
who "feared God" and bore witness 
to Him. 

In addition to reading the writings 
of the great men of the church, we 
must also read what women have 
had to say — the second century 
women martyrs, for example (a 
diary exists), or the medieval female 
mystics (they, too, wrote of their 
faith and experience). We must 
learn from those who have gone be- 
fore and also listen to women of 
today. We need to be aware of what 
women are thinking and doing, of 
how God is speaking to and through 
them, as well as how He is working 
in the church as a whole. 

But most importantly, we (men 
and women alike) must realize anew 
who we are. We should concentrate 
on our similarities, upon which we 
can build harmony. We need to real- 
ly know that each one of us is loved 
by Grod, created in His image, saved 
by Christ's blood, and empowered by 
His Spirit for service. We need to be 
aware that the soul, the spiritual 
part of our being, has no gender. We 
are not confined to traditionally pre- 
scribed roles. Rather, to each of us 
comes the clear, consistent call of 

December 1988 

Christ Himself 

We need this Christ-awareness as 
well as a self-awareness. We need a 
clear understanding of what it 
means to be one with Christ. It is 
not enough to simply examine our- 
selves, but neither can we deny who 
we are. We need a renewed relation- 
ship. What does Christ want of each 
of us? Is it not to see Himself re- 
flected in us, in our words and in our 
actions? We need to realize that 
each of us is called to discipleship — 
not to religious activities; not to ful- 
fill others' expectations or false tra- 
ditions; but to a living, growing re- 
lationship to Christ. 

How do we grow in the Lord? 

How do we attain this? How do we 
grow in the grace and knowledge of 
our Lord? There are many ways. 
Here are a few. 

First, and most importantly, we 
need to be involved in the active 
study of His word, whether alone, 
with a friend, or in a group. We need 
to feed daily on His word just as we 
daily eat food. To grow a healthy 
spirit, we must give it spiritual food. 

Another way to grow spiritually is 
to see God in the ordinary. We do 
not only see God in worship and 
study. Often He reveals Himself in 
the common situations we encounter 
day by day. Like Brother Lawrence 
who learned to "practice the pres- 
ence of God," a woman caught up in 
the routine and demands of mother- 
hood, a job, and/or other roles must 
realize that God reveals Himself 
constantly and wants to be seen in 
our daily lives. Let us open our eyes 
and see God at work in our lives and 
in our interactions with others. 

Another important way I have 
found of knowing God and of learn- 
ing what He wants of me is to spend 
time in solitude. When we are alone, 
God reveals Himself to us through 
our creative thoughts and activities. 
In solitude we can get in touch with 
the Creator, with creation, and with 
ourselves. Scripture shows that God 
often spoke to people in solitude. 

Even Christ went off by Himself be- 
fore or after a demanding day. 

Women are nurturers and rela- 
tional. We like to know others and 
to have growing, meaningful re- 
lationships. I challenge you to spend 
time in prayer and in nurturing a 
relationship with God. Then as you 
relate to others, they will come to 
know God, for He will be reflected in 
your words and deeds. 

Women are verbal. We like to talk 
and to be heard. Let us not spend our 
energy and time in mindless chatter, 
in fighting the establishment, or in 
promoting ourselves. Rather let us 
witness to the gospel and encourage 
others to do the same. 

Women are emotional. Let us use 
our emotions, our empathy, our com- 
passion, the tender feelings we have 
to touch others. Do not negate your 
intuition, your sensibility towards 
God and others. Acknowledge them 
and balance them with the intelli- 
gence that God has given you. Find 
the balance that is desperately 
needed. Experience the joy that is 
found in living each moment, and 
don't give in to the fear that causes 
us to cling to the past or the ap- 
prehension we feel in looking to the 
future. Be indifferent to the pre- 
judice you may encounter as a 
woman and proud that you, too, are 
a child of the King. 

What is our future? 

As women, what is our future? 
Our church heritage has always 
been favorable to women and has al- 
lowed them opportunities for minis- 
try. We have seen in the W.M.S. or- 
ganization, in the founding and sup- 
port of the seminary, and in the 
teaching programs of our churches 
that women have ministered will- 
ingly and capably. 

Will women have an opportunity 
to be involved in the leadership of 
the church? Are we prepared to do 
so? I would encourage all of us to 
examine ourselves and to know the 
will of God for our lives, and to en- 
courage others to do likewise. [t] 



By Leroy Solomon 

WHAT does it mean to be called 
of God? This is a difficult 
question, one with which I have had 
to wrestle. 

To begin my research, I went to 
the dictionary. There I found about 
three inches of definitions for "call." 
Among these was one that comes very 
close to what I understand by "the 
call." It means "to ask to come, to 
summon to a specific duty, an inner 
urging towards a certain action, con- 
viction, or profession." If you add the 
words "by or through God's Spirit" 
to the above, I can accept this as a 
definition for the call of God. 

I had my first serious encounter 
with God in 1958, when by His grace 
He revealed to me His Son and 
asked me to be His child. I accepted 
Christ as my Lord and Savior, and 
was baptized in the Hagerstown 
Brethren Church by my own father. 

I had a second serious encounter 
with God about five years later, 
when I received a call — an inner 
urging, a summoning from God by 
His Spirit — to give my life to full- 

Rev. Solomon is senior pastor of the 
Winding Waters Brethren Church of Elk- 
hart, Indiana. 

This article is an edited transcription 
of a message Rev. Solomon delivered at 
General Conference. This was the third 
of six messages by Brethren elders on 
topics of special significance to Brethren. 
The first two messages appeared in the 
October and November issues of the 
Evangelist, and the remaining three 
will appear in coming issues. 


time Christian 
ministry of 
some kind. I 
knew that call 
was real, but for 
the next 12 years 
I avoided it. I inten- 
tionally ran from God. 

During those 12 years I had a lot 
of ups and downs with Jesus Christ 
as Savior and Lord of my life. I did 
things of which I am not proud. But 
there is a verse of Scripture that has 
become one of my favorites, and it 
says, "He is patient." 

Every now and then I came close 
to giving in to that call. When I en- 
tered Ashland College in 1968, I en- 
tered as a pre-seminary student. But 
after one semester, I came home and 
told my dad, "That's not for me." 

I finished four years of college, 
during which I married my lovely 
wife, Jane. When I graduated, I 
didn't know what I was going to do, 
but Uncle Sam took care of that. I 
was drafted and spent two years in 
the military. When I came out of the 
military, I was still unsure of what I 
wanted to do, so I took a job selling 

Down deep inside of me the Spirit 
was still speaking, but I was just 
kind of not listening. It wasn't until 
an individual reminded me and af- 
firmed and confirmed that call, 
which God had given me almost 12 
years earlier, that I finally yielded 
and said, "Here am I. Send me!" 

I want to make it clear, however, 

that this did not come about because 
of some dramatic sermon or tre- 
mendous testimony. It did not take 
place after a great choir cantata. 
Nor did an angel stand before me 
and say, "I want you in the minis- 
try." In fact, from the beginning to 
the end, I had no really big religious 
experiences. None at all. 

In order to better share with you 
what I understand about the call of 
God from my own experience, I want 
to use the Prophet Isaiah as a 
springboard for some things with 
which I identify. I hope that perhaps 
you will be able to identify with 
them as well, as the Spirit of God 
may be speaking to you about a call. 

Historical background 

We are going to be looking at 
Isaiah's experience as recorded in 
chapter six of his book. But before 
we do so, I want to give you the 
background of the story. 

At this time in history, Israel was 
weak. Idolatry, immorality, cuid 
heathen customs were prevalent. 
Drunkenness, prostitution, and cul- 
tic worship were like cancer upon 
the society. People were drifting in 
their relationship with God. They 

The Brethren Evangelist 

'What are the circumstances in your life? God can be using any 
circumstance in your life right now to get your attention and to 
cause you to look at Him." 

were coarse, sensual, and shallow. 
Even the religious leaders — the 
priests and the prophets — lacked 
moral and spiritual purity. 

The world of Isaiah's day sounds 
like 1988. It sounds like the world 
you and I live in — a world de- 
scribed by all those adjectives 
(coarse, sensual, shallow), and in 
which even religious leaders lack 

Isaiah was a young man at this 
time, about 20 years old from what I 
can discover. He was an aristocrat, 
an educated man, who came from a 
good home. But he was growing up 
in a troubled nation, sin-sick on the 
inside and threatened by the power- 
ful nation of Assyria on the outside. 

In the midst of this, Isaiah quite 
possibly had plans for his life — 
goals he wanted to achieve. Maybe 
he was already pursuing a career. 
According to Isaiah 8:3 marriage 
must have been a part of His plans, 
for he married a prophetess and they 
had two sons. 

All of this could have been part of 
Isaiah's life before God got his atten- 
tion. But God issued Isaiah a call to 
be His servant, and He turned 
Isaiah around 180 degrees. 

What did this call involve? It in- 
cluded circumstances, character, 
call, and consequences. 


First circumstances. In Isaiah's 
case, God didn't use college or the 
military to reach Isaiah. Nor did he 
use some frustration Isaiah was ex- 
periencing in his life. Rather, God 
used the circumstance of the death 
of Isaiah's friend to get his atten- 

Look at Isaiah 6:1. It was in the 
year that King Uzziah died that 
Isaiah saw the Lord. Uzziah was not 
only Isaiah's king, he was also 
Isaiah's friend. In the midst of his 
grief and pain over the death of his 
friend, Isaiah sought the Lord, and 
the Lord sought Isaiah. 

Notice what the Lord was doing in 
the midst of these circumstances. He 

was seated on His throne, high and 
exalted. Notice that word seated. 
The Lord was not pacing or wring- 
ing His hands. He was not puzzled. 
He was totally in charge. He was 
sovereign. He had His hand on the 
circumstances that were occurring 
at that time in Israel and in the life 
of Isaiah. 

Furthermore, God made Himself 
known. Above Him were the seraphs 
calling to one another, "Holy, holy, 
holy is the Lord almighty. The 
whole earth is full of His glory." And 
at the sound of their voices the door- 
posts and thresholds shook, and the 
Temple was filled with smoke. 

If God issued you a call through a 
vision like that, you would sit up 
and listen. In fact, you would prob- 
ably say, "Where do you want me to 
go? How soon do you want me to go 

But God's call to me wasn't any- 
thing like that. He sent my call in 
the person of Charles Munson. Dr. 
Munson was my seraph. I can re- 
member a specific day in the 
narthex of Park Street Brethren 
Church when Charles walked up to 
me, put his hands on my shoulders, 
and reminded me about the call of 
God in my life. That was the angel 
God sent me. It was not a dramatic 
vision, but it was clear. 

What are the circumstances in 
your life? God can be using any cir- 
cumstance in your life right now to 
get your attention and to cause you 
to look at Him. Are you disap- 
pointed? Are you uncertain about 
where you're going with your life? 
Are you lonely or confused; ex- 
periencing pain, sorrow, and grief? 
Are you in the midst of a job or 
career change? Or perhaps you don't 
even know yet what your career is 
going to be. 

When God issued my call, I was in 
the process of buying a home. My 
wife was well on her way in her 
career. I had a job that paid good 
money and offered great oppor- 
tunities for advancement. But inside 
I was an unfulfilled person because I 

knew I was not doing what God had 
called me to do. 

What are your circumstances? If 
you can't make sense out of them, 
maybe you need to look for God in 
the midst of them. Maybe He is try- 
ing to get your attention. 


Let us look at the second word, 
character. God uses characters, like 
you and me. 

When Isaiah saw the Lord in the 
Temple, he said (v. 5): "Woe to me! I 
am ruined! For I am a man of un- 
clean lips, and I live among a people 
of unclean lips, and my eyes have 
seen the King, the Lord Almighty." 

Isaiah is pictured here as a man 
who is frightened; broken. H